CN103129717B - Wave energy glider wave motion propulsive efficiency test testing device - Google Patents

Wave energy glider wave motion propulsive efficiency test testing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103129717B
CN103129717B CN201310090085.2A CN201310090085A CN103129717B CN 103129717 B CN103129717 B CN 103129717B CN 201310090085 A CN201310090085 A CN 201310090085A CN 103129717 B CN103129717 B CN 103129717B
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China
Prior art keywords
crank
driven shaft
wave energy
hull
motor
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310090085.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103129717A (en
Inventor
齐占峰
张选明
孙秀军
贾立娟
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National Ocean Technology Center
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National Ocean Technology Center
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Priority to CN201310090085.2A priority Critical patent/CN103129717B/en
Publication of CN103129717A publication Critical patent/CN103129717A/en
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Publication of CN103129717B publication Critical patent/CN103129717B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a wave energy glider wave motion propulsive efficiency test testing device. The wave energy glider wave motion propulsive efficiency test testing device comprises a ship body simulation model, an underwater glider, and a turning drag mechanism. A support is fixed on the ship body simulation model. The turning drag mechanism comprises a motor, a transmission mechanism, a driven shaft, a crank fixing piece, a crank, a turning power output shank, a rope, and a guiding pipe, wherein the guiding pipe is installed at the central position of the ship body simulation model and is vertical to a simulation deck, the motor is installed on the bottom portion of the support, the driven shaft is installed on the top portion of the support, the motor is connected with the driven shaft through the transmission mechanism, the crank is fixed on the driven shaft through the crank fixing piece, one end portion of the crank is provided with the turning power output shank, a ring groove is formed in the turning power output shank, one end of the rope is installed inside the ring groove in a sleeved mode, and the other end of the rope penetrates through the guiding pipe to be connected with the underwater glider. The wave energy glider wave motion propulsive efficiency test testing device can test whole machine forward direction pushing efficiency of a wave energy glider under the condition that a sea area test is not carried out.

Description

Wave energy glider undulatory propulsion efficiency test experimental set-up
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of tester for testing, particularly relate to a kind of wave energy glider undulatory propulsion efficiency test experimental set-up.
Background technology
Wave energy glider is that the mankind understand world ocean environment and provide brand-new instrument as marine monitoring mobile platform, the preflow push that heave of the sea campaign is directly converted to self by wave energy glider moves, utilize the solar power system carried to be power itself simultaneously, ocean on a large scale can be completed over a long time to cruise investigation operation by carrying all kinds science sensor.The boat type upper float that wave energy glider connects primarily of flexible cable and slide machine two parts composition under water, boat type upper float follows wave rippling under the effect of wave, thus pulled by cable and slide machine up-and-down movement under water, the machine that slides under water utilizes its flapping foil with fixing corner locating that up-and-down movement is converted to preflow push, thus pulls the propulsion of water surface hull.National Ocean Technology Center is that the undulatory propulsion efficient design of hydrofoil under different airfoil profiles and structure that test wave energy glider slides machine under water has a set of proving installation, this device can only be tested the efficiency that slides of hydrofoil for sliding under water the single of machine, does not test the overall undulatory propulsion efficiency of wave energy glider.
The obtain manner of this advance kinetic energy of wave energy glider is extremely novel, but, not yet occur at present testing the device that wave energy glider complete machine advance kinetic energy obtains efficiency.Therefore design ap-plication becomes particularly important in the device of test wave energy glider complete machine undulatory propulsion efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of wave energy glider undulatory propulsion efficiency test experimental set-up for solving in known technology the technical matters that exists, and this device can test the complete machine preflow push efficiency at different ripple wave energy glider frequently and under wave height when not carrying out marine site test.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes for the technical matters existed in solution known technology is: a kind of wave energy glider undulatory propulsion efficiency test experimental set-up, comprises hull realistic model, is positioned at the machine that slides below described hull realistic model under water and turns round trailer coupling; The deck of described hull realistic model is fixed with support; Described revolution trailer coupling comprises motor, transmission device, driven shaft, crank connecting element, crank, rotary motive power output handle, cable and guide pipe; Described guide pipe is arranged in described hull realistic model, and is positioned at the central position of described hull realistic model, vertical with the deck of described hull realistic model; Described motor is arranged on the bottom of described support, and described driven shaft is arranged on the top of described support, and described motor is connected with described driven shaft by described transmission device; Described crank connecting element is fixed on described driven shaft; Described crank axial location is adjustably fixed on described crank connecting element, and described crank is vertical with described driven shaft; Be provided with perpendicular described rotary motive power in an end of described crank and export handle, described rotary motive power exports handle and is provided with annular groove; One end of described cable is sleeved in described annular groove, and the other end of described cable passes described guide pipe and is connected with the described machine that slides under water.
Described transmission device is chain drive.
Described crank connecting element is provided with the through hole vertical with described driven shaft, and described crank is installed in described through hole, and is fixed by screw.
Described motor is stepping motor.
The advantage that the present invention has and good effect are: on hull realistic model, arranging revolution trailer coupling drive by adopting and slide machine under water and carry out simulated waves undulatory motion, enabling the present invention just can test the preflow push efficiency of wave energy glider complete machine under different sea conditions easily when not carrying out marine site test; Hull realistic model adopts the construction parameter identical with the actual hull used of wave energy glider, that slides the actual use of machine employing wave energy glider under water slides machine under water, thus the data that the present invention is tested use the actual conditions of Wave energy glider closer to reality.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the constructional drawing of support of the present invention and revolution trailer coupling.
In figure: 1, hull realistic model; 2, support; 3, motor; 4, drive sprocket; 5, driven sprocket; 6, chain; 7, driven shaft; 8, driven shaft supporting seat; 9, crank connecting element; 10, crank; 11, rotary motive power exports handle; 12, cable; 13, guide pipe; 14, machine is slided under water.
Detailed description of the invention
For summary of the invention of the present invention, Characteristic can be understood further, hereby exemplify following examples, and coordinate accompanying drawing to be described in detail as follows:
Refer to Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 2, a kind of wave energy glider undulatory propulsion efficiency test experimental set-up, comprise hull realistic model 1, be positioned at the machine that slides 14 below hull realistic model 1 under water and turn round trailer coupling; The deck of hull realistic model 1 is fixed with support 2; Revolution trailer coupling comprises motor 3, transmission device, driven shaft 7, crank connecting element 9, crank 10, rotary motive power output handle 11, cable 12 and guide pipe 13; Guide pipe 13 is arranged in hull realistic model 1, and is positioned at the central position of hull realistic model 1, vertical with the deck of hull realistic model 1; Motor 3 is arranged on the bottom of support 2, and driven shaft 7 is arranged on the top of support 2 by two, left and right driven shaft supporting seat 8, and motor 3 is connected with driven shaft 7 by transmission device; Crank connecting element 9 is fixed on driven shaft 1; Crank 10 axial location is adjustably fixed on crank connecting element 9, and crank 10 is vertical with driven shaft 7; Be provided with perpendicular rotary motive power in an end of crank 10 and export handle 11, rotary motive power exports handle 11 and is provided with annular groove; One end of cable 12 is sleeved in annular groove, the other end of cable 12 through guide pipe 13 and with slide machine 14 under water and be connected.More particularly, one end of cable 12 is tied to form annular and is placed in annular groove, and ensures the smooth rotation of cable 12 energy, and the other end of cable 12 is connect with sliding machine 14 under water.Slide under water machine 14 directly adopt on wave energy glider actual use slide machine under water.Hull realistic model 1 is the ship type buoyancy aid that quality, profile and volumetric parameter according to wave energy glider actual use hull design.
Above-mentioned transmission device adopts chain drive, comprises the drive sprocket 4 be connected with motor output shaft, the driven sprocket 5 be connected with driven shaft and chain 6.Transmission device can also adopt other transmission device such as gear transmission and toothed belt transmission.Crank connecting element 9 is provided with the through hole vertical with driven shaft 7, and crank 10 is installed in through hole, and is fixed by screw.More specifically structure can be: crank connecting element 9 is a positive tetragonal body structure, and an end face has blind round hole, and the end face that driven shaft supporting seat 8 is stretched out in one end of driven shaft 7 to be inserted in blind round hole simultaneously and to utilize screw fastening; The side of crank connecting element 9 has manhole, and crank 10 one end adjusts the manhole of joint 9 through crank and utilizes screw fastening.One end of crank 10 to be inserted on manhole that rotary motive power exports on handle 11 and to utilize screw to be fixedly connected with, and it is vertical with crank 10 to ensure that rotary motive power exports handle 11.Two valve structures that crank connecting element is all right with bolts, are fixed between two lobe components by crank, by unclamping tie bolt, realize the axial location adjustment of adjustment crank, locking tie bolt realizes fixing of crank.Crank connecting element also can adopt the fixed cover structure similar with the present embodiment.Motor is stepping motor, utilizes the seam of support 2 to locate.Motor also can adopt servomotor.
Principle of work of the present invention:
During use, be placed in experimental tank by above-mentioned tester for testing, hull realistic model 1 swims on the water surface, slides machine 14 under water and is arranged in below the water surface.Motor 3 does gyroscopic movement by Chain conveyer driving crank 10, the rotary motive power be connected with crank 10 exports when handle 11 does gyroscopic movement and drives one end of cable 12 to do gyroscopic movement, utilize guide pipe 13 to retrain the state of kinematic motion of cable 12, the gyroscopic movement of cable 12 one end in vertical plane surface is tied to the up-and-down movement that can only carry out along guide pipe 13 axis direction in vertical plane surface.Slide machine 14 under water under the traction of cable 12, do up-and-down movement in vertical direction, produce preflow push power, the propulsion of sliding machine 14 is under water delivered on hull realistic model 1 by cable 12 simultaneously, pull hull realistic model 1 to travel forward, thus the motion of simulation wave energy glider under different wave, and then complete the test of its preflow push efficiency.
The present invention can adjust the cycle of heave of the sea campaign by the rotating speed controlling motor 3, by adjusting the axial location of crank, the radius of turn namely adjusting rotary motive power output handle carrys out the amplitude of simulated waves undulatory motion.Hull realistic model 1 adopts the construction parameter identical with the actual hull used of wave energy glider, slide under water machine 14 adopt with wave energy glider actual use slide machine under water, thus make test data of the present invention closer to the actual conditions of wave energy glider in reality use.
Although be described the preferred embodiments of the present invention by reference to the accompanying drawings above; but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned detailed description of the invention; above-mentioned detailed description of the invention is only schematic; be not restrictive; those of ordinary skill in the art is under enlightenment of the present invention; do not departing under the ambit that present inventive concept and claim protect, can also make a lot of form, these all belong within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a wave energy glider undulatory propulsion efficiency test experimental set-up, is characterized in that, comprises hull realistic model, is positioned at the machine that slides below described hull realistic model under water and turns round trailer coupling;
The deck of described hull realistic model is fixed with support;
Described revolution trailer coupling comprises motor, transmission device, driven shaft, crank connecting element, crank, rotary motive power output handle, cable and guide pipe;
Described guide pipe is arranged in described hull realistic model, and is positioned at the central position of described hull realistic model, vertical with the deck of described hull realistic model;
Described motor is arranged on the bottom of described support, and described driven shaft is arranged on the top of described support, and described motor is connected with described driven shaft by described transmission device;
Described crank connecting element is fixed on described driven shaft;
Described crank axial location is adjustably fixed on described crank connecting element, and described crank is vertical with described driven shaft; Be provided with perpendicular described rotary motive power in an end of described crank and export handle, described rotary motive power exports handle and is provided with annular groove;
Described crank connecting element is provided with the through hole vertical with described driven shaft, and described crank is installed in described through hole, and is fixed by screw;
One end of described cable is sleeved in described annular groove, and the other end of described cable passes described guide pipe and is connected with the described machine that slides under water.
2. wave energy glider undulatory propulsion efficiency test experimental set-up according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described transmission device is chain drive.
3. wave energy glider undulatory propulsion efficiency test experimental set-up according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described motor is stepping motor.
CN201310090085.2A 2013-03-20 2013-03-20 Wave energy glider wave motion propulsive efficiency test testing device Expired - Fee Related CN103129717B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108519108B (en) * 2018-04-13 2022-08-09 国家海洋技术中心 Simulation test method for navigation performance of underwater glider
CN109856965B (en) * 2019-03-08 2021-11-16 天津工业大学 Course tracking control method for wave glider
CN113008516B (en) * 2021-04-26 2022-08-26 中电科(宁波)海洋电子研究院有限公司 Wave energy glider hydrodynamic force fin testing arrangement

Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1025576A2 (en) * 1982-04-06 1983-06-30 Предприятие П/Я В-8662 Wave generator
SU1081063A2 (en) * 1982-03-30 1984-03-23 Предприятие П/Я В-8662 Installation for testing ship models
CN202593842U (en) * 2012-03-07 2012-12-12 北京南风科创应用技术有限公司 Wave propeller
CN103192951A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-07-10 国家海洋技术中心 Experimental device for forward propulsion efficiency of hydrofoil
CN203246570U (en) * 2013-03-20 2013-10-23 国家海洋技术中心 Test device for testing fluctuation propulsive efficiency of wave energy glider

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1081063A2 (en) * 1982-03-30 1984-03-23 Предприятие П/Я В-8662 Installation for testing ship models
SU1025576A2 (en) * 1982-04-06 1983-06-30 Предприятие П/Я В-8662 Wave generator
CN202593842U (en) * 2012-03-07 2012-12-12 北京南风科创应用技术有限公司 Wave propeller
CN103192951A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-07-10 国家海洋技术中心 Experimental device for forward propulsion efficiency of hydrofoil
CN203246570U (en) * 2013-03-20 2013-10-23 国家海洋技术中心 Test device for testing fluctuation propulsive efficiency of wave energy glider

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孙秀军.混合驱动水下滑翔器动力学建模及运动控制研究.《CNKI的中国博士学位论文全文数据库——工程科技II辑》.2012,(第5期),第113-133页. *
李飞权等.海洋潜标系统的设计和应用.《海洋技术》.2004,第23卷(第1期),第17-21页. *

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