CN103128990A - Straw briquetting forming machine provided with double layers of circular moulds and double layers of compressing rolls - Google Patents

Straw briquetting forming machine provided with double layers of circular moulds and double layers of compressing rolls Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103128990A
CN103128990A CN2013100958707A CN201310095870A CN103128990A CN 103128990 A CN103128990 A CN 103128990A CN 2013100958707 A CN2013100958707 A CN 2013100958707A CN 201310095870 A CN201310095870 A CN 201310095870A CN 103128990 A CN103128990 A CN 103128990A
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China
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double
pressure roller
layer
nib
deck pressure
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CN2013100958707A
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CN103128990B (en
Inventor
陈树人
段建
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Wanhua Hexiang Ecological Technology Co., Ltd
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Jiangsu University
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Publication of CN103128990A publication Critical patent/CN103128990A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/20Roller-and-ring machines, i.e. with roller disposed within a ring and co-operating with the inner surface of the ring
    • B30B11/201Roller-and-ring machines, i.e. with roller disposed within a ring and co-operating with the inner surface of the ring for extruding material
    • B30B11/208Roller constructions; Mounting of the rollers

Abstract

The invention relates to a straw briquetting forming machine provided with double layers of circular moulds and double layers of compressing rolls. The straw briquetting forming machine is high in work efficiency. When the straw briquetting forming machine works, large motors at two sides are started, the large motors drive small belt pulleys to rotate, the small belt pulleys drive large belt pulleys to rotate through a belt, the large belt pulleys drive a main shaft to rotate, the main shaft drives a millstone to rotate, under the action of friction force of raw materials, the double layers of compressing rolls simultaneously autorotate in the direction opposite to the main shaft, under the common action of revolution and autoroatation of the double layers of compressing rolls, the storage space of the straw materials are compressed continuously, and forming briquettings are squeezed out from mould holes under the frictional action of the materials, the circular moulds and the compressing rolls. The squeezed forming briquettings are divided at two sides by a discharge hopper, fall on conveying mechanisms symmetrically distributed at two sides of a briquetting machine, and finally graded and screened with a sieve to obtain finished products.

Description

The double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a kind of double-layer ring die
Technical field
The present invention relates to the double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a kind of double-layer ring die, a kind of operating efficiency of special design is straw briquetting machine faster.
Background technology
At present, the module in existing straw briquetting machine, press-roller device are all generally individual layers, single, and its shortcoming is to produce briquetting to yield poorly, and power consumption is large; In addition, it is large that existing straw briquetting machine also has a volume, the shortcoming that floor space is large.The present invention is directed to described weak point, by the mechanisms such as the core component pressure roller of straw briquetting machine and ring mould are improved design, proposed that a kind of production efficiency is high, machine output is large, low in energy consumption, easy accessibility, novel straw briquetting forming machine that floor space is little.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention has adopted following technical scheme:
The double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a kind of double-layer ring die is characterized in that: described cuber comprises frame, large motor, belt, small belt pulley, big belt pulley, main shaft, sieve, discharge bucket, support, feed hopper, feeding unit and discharge chambe.
The invention provides the double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a kind of double-layer ring die, its all parts all are fixed on frame, bilateral symmetry in frame is arranged one high and one low two large motors, the power bracket of described large motor is between 20 to 30KW, the line shaft of the large motor in both sides connects respectively small belt pulley, the large motor that is in lower is connected with big belt pulley below gear teeth coupling on being fixed on main shaft by the joint group trapezoidal belt, the large motor that is in eminence by the joint group trapezoidal belt be fixed on main shaft on big belt pulley above the gear teeth mate and be connected; Through the inside of discharge chambe, bearing block, collar bush and big belt pulley, bearing seat is connected with main shaft by roller bearing in the below, chamber, the end of discharge chambe main shaft from top to bottom; Collar bush is positioned at the below, chamber, the end of discharge chambe equally, is fixedly connected with bearing block by bolt; Discharge bucket is fixed on the top of feeding unit, be enclosed within discharge chambe around, feeding unit is fixed on frame by four supports, sieve is fixed on discharging one side-lower of feeding unit, it is characterized in that: discharge chambe by discharge chambe at the bottom of chamber, mill, left and right double-deck pressure roller, double-layer ring die and feed hopper form, discharge chambe is whole is enclosed within the main shaft upper end; Mill is fixed on main shaft, is arranged at the bottom of discharge chambe in the chamber, and the perforate of mill bilateral symmetry is separately installed with two eccentric shafts, and left and right double-deck pressure roller is arranged on and is positioned at simultaneously double-layer ring die on two eccentric shafts, and is mutually corresponding with double-layer ring die; Two upper pressure rollers and two lower compression rollers are arranged on by screw thread respectively and are assembled into double-deck pressure roller on the pressure roller connecting axle, above two upper pressure rollers, the pressure roller connecting plate is installed, connect by the pressure roller connecting plate, the pressure roller connecting plate is fixed on main shaft with nut simultaneously, and two double-deck pressure rollers can carry out synchronous rotation on eccentric shaft; Double-layer ring die order successively from the bottom up is lower platen, lower ring mould layer, supports pressing plate, pressed on ring mould layer, top board and be fixed connection by fastener hole, lower platen is bolted to connection above the chamber, the end of discharge chambe, and the obverse and reverse that supports pressing plate all arranges heater, cooling device and temperature sensor; Upper and lower ring mould layer is formed by 60 ring module spliced groups respectively, and adjacent ring module is spliced to form a nib, and the nib of upper and lower ring mould is staggeredly arranged; Feed hopper is arranged on above top board, is fixedly connected with top board; The moulding briquetting constantly squeezes out by discharge bucket from the ring nib and carries out the both sides shunting, drops on the feeding unit top that is symmetrically distributed in the cuber both sides, and the moulding briquetting is transported to sieve and carries out the sizing screening processing.
Described discharge bucket is the W shape, has two discharge openings, and each discharge opening is rectangular-shaped; Described discharge bucket middle part perforate is enclosed within below discharge chambe, is centered around the surrounding of discharge chambe, and two discharge openings are separately fixed at the feeding unit top that is symmetrically distributed in the discharge chambe both sides, and finished product all can be dropped on conveyer belt.
The perforate of described mill bilateral symmetry refers to: perforate be shaped as square and the semicircle shape that combines, the eccentric shaft of circle is arranged in the hole, the hole remainder is placed key as keyway and is fixed eccentric shaft with this.
The obverse and reverse of described support pressing plate all is provided with heater, cooling device and temperature sensor and refers to: the obverse and reverse at described support pressing plate all has 2 ring recess, place respectively thermocouple wire and the copper pipe by cooling water, the obverse and reverse of described support pressing plate all symmetry open two holes and be used for the laying temperature sensor.
Described upper and lower layer ring mould is connected fastener hole to carry out the axial restraint connection by top board, lower platen and support pressing plate; Described upper and lower layer ring mould is radially fixed the envelope of upper and lower layer ring mould outer edge by top board, lower platen and support pressing plate inside edge.
The gear teeth of described upper and lower pressure roller are trapezoidal shape, and the bottom rounding is processed.
Described double-deck pressure roller is arranged on two eccentric shafts and refers to: after upper pressure roller is fixedly connected with by pressure roller connecting axle screw thread with lower compression roller, two eccentric shafts are run through respectively among left and right double-deck pressure roller, two eccentric shaft upper ends adopt nut to be fixedly connected with spline with the main shaft upper end with the pressure roller connecting plate, make main shaft drive two eccentric shaft rotations as driving shaft, and then drive described left and right double-deck pressure roller and rotate, described left and right double-deck pressure roller can also be made spinning motion around eccentric shaft simultaneously.
Described upper and lower ring mould layer is respectively equipped with the nib of perforation, and nib charging place cross section is square opening, and nib discharging place cross section is circular port, the length of side in interior cross section greater than the diameter in outer cross section to form the cone angle between 5 ° to 7 °.
Described nib carries out square hole by square shape to the mode that seamlessly transits of toroidal and is connected with circular hole, and the length of transition is whole forming hole length 1/3 left and right, and residue 2/3 part adopts the equal diameter circular hole to connect.
The inside of described nib is provided with pre-molding district, extrusion modling district and briquetting Bao Xingqu; The pre-molding district of described nib inside is crest line zone, nib square sectional left and right, the extrusion modling district is that the square sectional rounding off is whole nib length 1/3 zone to circular cross-section, and briquetting Bao Xingqu is that nib residue 2/3 adopts the equal diameter circular hole to connect the zone.
The installation site of described left and right double-deck pressure roller and the lower edgeline of the lower compression roller of the described left and right double-deck pressure roller of the corresponding finger in position that encircles up and down the mould layer and the lower edgeline matched in clearance of lower ring mould layer, the upper crest line matched in clearance of the upper crest line of the lower compression roller of left and right double-deck pressure roller and lower ring mould layer, the lower edgeline matched in clearance of the lower edgeline of the upper pressure roller of left and right double-deck pressure roller and pressed on ring mould layer, the upper crest line matched in clearance of the upper crest line of the upper pressure roller of left and right double-deck pressure roller and pressed on ring mould layer.
The present invention has that machine output is large, and production efficiency is high, and is low in energy consumption, and floor space is little, be easy to change during the core institution wearing and tearing, not susceptible to plugging advantage, and compared with prior art, the present invention adopts above technical scheme, and following characteristics are arranged:
1, under the equal conditions of machine operation, because ring mould and pressure roller are all two-layer equations, improved stalk briquette production efficiency, power consumption reduces, and has also reduced accordingly production cost.
2, discharge bucket is the W shape, and the setting with two discharge openings effectively raises the efficient of discharging, compares with traditional V-arrangement shape discharge bucket the height that has also reduced whole cuber simultaneously.
3, owing to being provided with the pressure roller connecting plate on double-deck pressure roller, can guarantee that therefore double-deck pressure roller position is relatively fixing, upper and lower ring mould layer is corresponding respectively in the installation site of double-deck pressure roller in addition, therefore can so that material can extrude smoothly from the nib of module.
4, double-layer ring die and double-deck pressure roller are all combined types, have improved the service life of ring mould and pressure roller, are convenient for changing during wearing and tearing and keep in repair, and have also further increased the space of shaping area simultaneously, enhance productivity.
5, the nib inside of double-deck module is provided with pre-molding district, extrusion modling district and briquetting Bao Xingqu, therefore can guarantee the pressed density of briquetting.
6, nib is seamlessly transitted to circular cross-section by square sectional, not only makes module have enough intensity, and the cone angle that forms simultaneously is conducive to moulding more.
When 7, working, pressure roller is constantly brought pressing materials in nib into, and preliminary precompressed and shearing can be carried out to material in crest line zone, nib square shape left and right, are conducive to moulding; Nib discharging place is that toroidal more is conducive to discharging.
8, the tow sides of gripper shoe are provided with temperature sensor, heating, cooling device, heater can improve forming machine to the applicable ability of various materials, cooling device can guarantee that forming machine forming temperature when long-time production remains in optimum range, and temperature sensor can carry out the real-time digital monitoring to the temperature in the production process forming hole.
9, the pressure roller gear teeth are the trapezoidal shape of rounding, and are more wear-resistant, and operating efficiency is better, and the material that also more is conducive in forming cavity is squeezed into the high density finished product by loose shape, improve the quality of product.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is complete machine structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 is main TV structure profile in Fig. 1;
Accompanying drawing 3 is discharge chambe structural representation in Fig. 1;
Accompanying drawing 4 is double-deck roller structure schematic diagram in Fig. 3;
Accompanying drawing 5 is double-layer ring die structural representation in Fig. 3;
Accompanying drawing 6 is to support the pressure plate structure schematic diagram in Fig. 5;
Accompanying drawing 7 is module flat structural representation in Fig. 5;
Accompanying drawing 8 is double-layer ring die master TV structure schematic diagram in Fig. 5;
main symbol description is as follows: 1, frame 2, small belt pulley 3, large motor 4, belt 5, support 6, feeding unit 7, feed hopper 8, discharge bucket 9, discharge chambe 10, collar bush 11, sieve 12, big belt pulley 13, pressure roller connecting plate 14, eccentric shaft 15, fastener hole 16, mill 17, roller bearing 18, at the bottom of discharge chambe, the chamber 19, bearing block 20, main shaft 21, top board 22, lower platen 23, lower ring mould layer 24, support pressing plate 25, pressed on ring mould layer 26, heater 27, cooling device 28, temperature sensor 29, upper pressure roller 30, lower compression roller 31, pressure roller connecting axle 32, the trapezoidal gear teeth 33, square opening cross section 34, circular port cross section 35, precompressed zone 36, crush zone 37, guarantor's type district 38, double-layer ring die 39, double-deck pressure roller 40, nib 41, module 42, lower compression roller lower edgeline 43, crest line 44 on pressed on ring mould layer, on lower compression roller, crest line 45, crest line 46 on lower ring mould layer, upper pressure roller lower edgeline 47, pressed on ring mould layer lower edgeline 48, on upper pressure roller, crest line 49, lower ring mould layer lower edgeline 50, the left crest line 51 of nib, the right crest line 52 of nib, on, lower platen inside edge 53, gripper shoe inside edge 54, on, lower floor's ring mould outer edge.
Embodiment
Below with embodiment, technical scheme of the present invention is further described, will help advantage, effect to technical scheme of the present invention further to understand.
By 1 figure to Fig. 8 as seen, the invention provides the double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a kind of double-layer ring die, prior art partly comprises frame 1, large motor 3, belt 4, small belt pulley 2, big belt pulley 12, main shaft 20, sieve 11, discharge bucket 8, support 5, feed hopper 7, feeding unit 6 and discharge chambe 9; Discharge chambe by discharge chambe at the bottom of chamber 18, mill 16, double-deck pressure roller 39, double-layer ring die 38 and feed hopper 7 form; Double-layer ring die 38 order successively from the bottom up is lower platen 22, lower ring mould layer 23, support pressing plate 24, pressed on ring mould layer 25, top board composition 21; Double-deck pressure roller 39 is comprised of upper pressure roller 29, lower compression roller 30, pressure roller connecting axle 31 and pressure roller connecting plate 13.
One high and one low two large motors 3 are arranged in both sides in frame 1, on large motor 3 line shafts, small belt pulley 2 is set, be fastened on the big belt pulley 12 that is provided with the up and down gear teeth on main shaft 20 by joint group trapezoidal belt 4, the large motor 3 that is in lower is connected with big belt pulley 12 below gear teeth couplings on being fixed on main shaft by the joint group trapezoidal belt, and the large motor 3 that is in eminence mates by joint group trapezoidal belt and the big belt pulley 12 top gear teeth on being fixed on main shaft and is connected; In this way main shaft 20 is arranged to driving shaft, helps to make whole transmission system more reasonable, simplified structure is raised the efficiency, and has improved the stability of whole transmission system.
Through the inside of discharge chambe 9, bearing block 19, collar bush 10 and big belt pulley 12, bearing block 19 is positioned at 18 belows, chamber, the end of discharge chambe to main shaft 20, is connected with main shaft by roller bearing 17 from top to bottom; Collar bush 10 is positioned at 18 belows, chamber, the end of discharge chambe equally, is fixedly connected with bearing block 19 by bolt, and discharge bucket 8 is fixed on the top of feeding unit 6, be enclosed within discharge chambe 9 around; To realize the support to main shaft 20 by reasonable, effective and succinct mode, well discharge chambe 9 is supported in the above by main shaft 20 on the other hand on the one hand, improve the stationarity of complete machine.
feeding unit 6 is conventional in the art feeding unit, it not innovative point of the present invention, here be not described in detail, it is fixed on frame 1 by four supports 5, discharge bucket 8 middle part perforates are enclosed within discharge chambe 9 belows, be centered around the surrounding of discharge chambe 9, two discharge openings are separately fixed at the top of the feeding unit 6 that is symmetrically arranged in discharge chambe 9 both sides, the moulding briquetting constantly squeezes out by discharge bucket 8 from ring nib 40 and carries out the both sides shunting, drop on feeding unit 6 tops, feeding unit 6 is transported to the finished product briquetting on the sieve 11 of discharging one side-lower that is fixed on feeding unit 6, sieve 11 can carry out briquetting classification to be processed.
Discharge chambe 9 is comprised of chamber at the bottom of discharge chambe 18, mill 16, double-deck pressure roller 39, double-layer ring die 38, feed hopper 7, whole discharge chambe 9 is enclosed within main shaft 20 upper ends, feed hopper 7 is arranged on the top board 21 of double-layer ring die 38 tops, be fixedly connected with top board 21, guarantee that raw material enters in discharge chambe 9 from feed hopper 7.
Double-layer ring die 38 is lower platen 22, lower ring mould 23, support pressing plate 24, pressed on ring mould 25 and top board 21 from the bottom up successively; Upper and lower layer encircles mould 25,23 by top board 21, lower platen 22 and is connected pressing plate 24 and adopts fastener holes 15 to carry out the axial restraint connection; Radially fix by upper and lower pressing plate inside edge 52 and the envelope that supports the 53 pairs of upper and lower layer ring mould outer edges 54 in pressing plate inside edge, thereby guarantee that double-deck module can not become flexible; The obverse and reverse that supports pressing plate 24 all arranges heater 26, cooling device 27, temperature sensor 28; What mode of heating adopted is the thermocouple heating, the adaptive capacity of raising to material and environment, arrange within cooling device 27 can guarantee that forming temperature remains at optimum range when long-time production, set temperature sensor 28 can carry out the real-time digitization monitoring to the temperature of moulding.
Upper and lower ring mould layer 25,23 is distributed in and supports pressing plate 24 upper and lower sides, and upper and lower ring mould layer the 25, the 23rd is formed by the seamless spelling group of the ring module 41 of 60 equal shapes, utilizes support pressing plate 24 to be fixedly connected with upper lower platen 21,22; Adjacent every two ring modules 41 are combined into a ring nib 40, are respectively equipped with the nib of 60 perforations on upper and lower ring mould layer 25,23, in order to improve to greatest extent extrusion modling efficient, the nib of upper and lower ring mould layer 25,23 are staggered mutually; The outer cross section of nib 40 is circular port cross sections 34, and in nib, the cross section is square opening cross section 33, and the interior cross section length of side is greater than the diameter of outer boundary, and main purpose is in order to form cone angle, and size is preferably between 5 ° to 7 °; Nib 40 carries out square hole by square to the circular mode that seamlessly transits and is connected with circular hole, and the length of transition is whole forming hole length 1/3 left and right, and residue 2/3 part is that the equal diameter circular hole connects; The pre-molding district 36 that establish nib 40 inside is the left crest line 50 in cross section in the nib square and right crest line 51 zones, the extrusion modling district 37 that establish the inside of nib 40 is whole forming hole length 1/3 zone for square sectional is smoothly transitted into circular cross-section, and the briquetting guarantor type district 38 that establish the inside of nib 40 connects the zone for nib residue 2/3 adopts the equal diameter circular hole.
Double-deck pressure roller 39 is comprised of upper pressure roller 29, lower compression roller 30, pressure roller connecting axle 31 and pressure roller connecting plate 13; Upper pressure roller 29 and lower compression roller 30 utilize pressure roller connecting axle 31 screw threads to be composed of a fixed connection, and the pressure roller gear teeth are trapezoidal shape 32, and the rounding processing is carried out in the bottom, can improve the efficient of extruding, reduces wearing and tearing; Mill 16 is fixed on main shaft 20, be arranged at the bottom of discharge chambe in chamber 18, mill 16 bilateral symmetry perforates, the hole be shaped as square and the semicircle shape that combines, the eccentric shaft 14 of two circles is arranged in the hole, and the hole remainder is placed key as keyway and is fixed eccentric shaft with this; Two eccentric shafts 14 are run through among left and right double-deck pressure roller 39, be positioned over simultaneously in double-layer ring die 38, mutually corresponding with double-layer ring die 38; Two eccentric shaft 14 upper ends adopt nuts to be fixedly connected with spline with main shaft 20 upper ends with pressure roller connecting plate 13, make main shaft 20 drive two eccentric shaft 14 rotations as driving shaft, and then drive described left and right double-deck pressure roller 39 and rotate, described left and right double-deck pressure roller 39 can also be made spinning motion around eccentric shaft 14 simultaneously; The structure of described upper and lower pressure roller profile and connecting interface can be identical, makes left and right double-deck pressure roller have interchangeability, installs with convenient, reduce part specifications, and be conducive to need not the repair fast changeable when pressing wheel mechanism keeps in repair, simplify maintenance process, save man-hour, reduce labour intensity.
Double-deck pressure roller is divided into left double-deck pressure roller and right double-deck pressure roller, left and right double-deck pressure roller is respectively equipped with pressure roller 29 and lower compression roller 30, the top is provided with pressure roller connecting plate 13, the installation site is corresponding with the position of encircling up and down the mould layer, lower edgeline 49 matched in clearance of the lower edgeline 42 of left and right lower compression roller and lower ring mould layer specifically, upper crest line 45 matched in clearance of the upper crest line 44 of left and right lower compression roller and lower ring mould layer, lower edgeline 47 matched in clearance of the lower edgeline 46 of pressure roller and pressed on ring mould layer on the left and right, upper crest line 43 matched in clearance of the upper crest line 48 of pressure roller and pressed on ring mould layer on the left and right.
Start the large motor in both sides during work, large driven by motor small belt pulley rotates, and small belt pulley drives the big belt pulley rotation by belt, and big belt pulley drives the main shaft rotation, the rotation of main shaft band movable grinding disc, and mill is fixedly connected with the pressure roller connecting plate and drives the eccentric shaft rotation; Double-deck pressure roller rotates around the spindle on eccentric shaft, under the effect of raw material frictional force, double-deck pressure roller is simultaneously respectively with the direction rotation opposite with main shaft, because double-layer ring die is fixed, under acting in double-deck pressure roller revolution and rotation, the parking space of stalk is constantly compressed, and will be extruded out from nib at material, ring mould, pressure roller three rubbing action compacted under briquetting; The moulding briquetting that is extruded out carries out the both sides shunting by discharge bucket, drops on the feeding unit top that is symmetrically distributed in the cuber both sides, and last moulding briquetting carries out sizing screening by sieve to be processed, and obtains finished product.

Claims (10)

1. the double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a double-layer ring die, described cuber comprises frame, large motor, belt, small belt pulley, big belt pulley, main shaft, sieve, discharge bucket, support, feed hopper, feeding unit and discharge chambe, all parts all are fixed on frame, bilateral symmetry in frame is arranged one high and one low two large motors, the power bracket of described large motor is between 20 to 30KW, the line shaft of the large motor in both sides connects respectively small belt pulley, the large motor that is in lower is connected with big belt pulley below gear teeth coupling on being fixed on main shaft by the joint group trapezoidal belt, the large motor that is in eminence is connected with big belt pulley top gear teeth coupling on being fixed on main shaft by the joint group trapezoidal belt, through the inside of discharge chambe, bearing block, collar bush and big belt pulley, bearing seat is connected with main shaft by roller bearing in the below, chamber, the end of discharge chambe main shaft from top to bottom, collar bush is positioned at the below, chamber, the end of discharge chambe equally, is fixedly connected with bearing block by bolt, discharge bucket is fixed on the top of feeding unit, be enclosed within discharge chambe around, feeding unit is fixed on frame by four supports, sieve is fixed on discharging one side-lower of feeding unit, it is characterized in that: discharge chambe by discharge chambe at the bottom of chamber, mill, left and right double-deck pressure roller, double-layer ring die and feed hopper form, discharge chambe is whole is enclosed within the main shaft upper end, mill is fixed on main shaft, is arranged at the bottom of discharge chambe in the chamber, and the perforate of mill bilateral symmetry is separately installed with two eccentric shafts, and left and right double-deck pressure roller is arranged on and is positioned at simultaneously double-layer ring die on two eccentric shafts, and is mutually corresponding with double-layer ring die, two upper pressure rollers and two lower compression rollers are arranged on by screw thread respectively and are assembled into double-deck pressure roller on the pressure roller connecting axle, above two upper pressure rollers, the pressure roller connecting plate is installed, connect by the pressure roller connecting plate, the pressure roller connecting plate is fixed on main shaft with nut simultaneously, and two double-deck pressure rollers can carry out synchronous rotation on eccentric shaft, double-layer ring die order successively from the bottom up is lower platen, lower ring mould layer, supports pressing plate, pressed on ring mould layer, top board and be fixed connection by fastener hole, lower platen is bolted to connection above the chamber, the end of discharge chambe, and the obverse and reverse that supports pressing plate all arranges heater, cooling device and temperature sensor, upper and lower ring mould layer is formed by 60 ring module spliced groups respectively, and adjacent ring module is spliced to form a nib, and the nib of upper and lower ring mould is staggeredly arranged, feed hopper is arranged on above top board, is fixedly connected with top board, the moulding briquetting constantly squeezes out by discharge bucket from the ring nib and carries out the both sides shunting, drops on the feeding unit top that is symmetrically distributed in the cuber both sides, and the moulding briquetting is transported to sieve and carries out the sizing screening processing.
2. the double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a kind of double-layer ring die as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described discharge bucket is the W shape, has two discharge openings, each discharge opening is rectangular-shaped; Described discharge bucket middle part perforate is enclosed within below discharge chambe, is centered around the surrounding of discharge chambe, and two discharge openings are separately fixed at the feeding unit top that is symmetrically distributed in the discharge chambe both sides, and finished product all can be dropped on conveyer belt.
3. the double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a kind of double-layer ring die as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the perforate of described mill bilateral symmetry refers to: perforate be shaped as square and the semicircle shape that combines, the eccentric shaft of circle is arranged in the hole, and the hole remainder is placed key as keyway and is fixed eccentric shaft with this.
4. the double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a kind of double-layer ring die as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the obverse and reverse of described support pressing plate all is provided with heater, cooling device and temperature sensor and refers to: the obverse and reverse at described support pressing plate all has 2 ring recess, place respectively thermocouple wire and the copper pipe by cooling water, the obverse and reverse of described support pressing plate all symmetry open two holes and be used for the laying temperature sensor.
5. the double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a kind of double-layer ring die as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described upper and lower layer ring mould is connected fastener hole to carry out the axial restraint connection by top board, lower platen and support pressing plate; Described upper and lower layer ring mould is radially fixed the envelope of upper and lower layer ring mould outer edge by top board, lower platen and support pressing plate inside edge.
6. the double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a kind of double-layer ring die as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the gear teeth of described upper and lower pressure roller are trapezoidal shape, the bottom rounding is processed.
7. the double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a kind of double-layer ring die as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described double-deck pressure roller is arranged on two eccentric shafts and refers to: after upper pressure roller is fixedly connected with by pressure roller connecting axle screw thread with lower compression roller, two eccentric shafts are run through respectively in a left side, among right double-deck pressure roller, two eccentric shaft upper ends adopt nut to be fixedly connected with spline with the main shaft upper end with the pressure roller connecting plate, make main shaft drive two eccentric shaft rotations as driving shaft, and then drive a described left side, right double-deck pressure roller rotates, a described left side of while, right double-deck pressure roller can also be made spinning motion around eccentric shaft.
8. the double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a kind of double-layer ring die as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: on described, lower ring mould layer is respectively equipped with the nib of perforation, nib charging place cross section is square opening, nib discharging place cross section is circular port, the length of side in interior cross section greater than the diameter in outer cross section to form the cone angle between 5 ° to 7 °, the double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a kind of double-layer ring die as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described nib, carrying out square hole by square shape to the mode that seamlessly transits of toroidal is connected with circular hole, the length of transition is whole forming hole length 1/3 left and right, remaining 2/3 part adopts the equal diameter circular hole to connect.
9. the double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a kind of double-layer ring die as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the inside of described nib is provided with pre-molding district, extrusion modling district and briquetting Bao Xingqu; The pre-molding district of described nib inside is crest line zone, nib square sectional left and right, the extrusion modling district is that the square sectional rounding off is whole nib length 1/3 zone to circular cross-section, and briquetting Bao Xingqu is that nib residue 2/3 adopts the equal diameter circular hole to connect the zone.
10. the double-deck pressure roller straw briquetting machine of a kind of double-layer ring die as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: a described left side, the installation site of right double-deck pressure roller and a described corresponding finger left side, position of encircling up and down the mould layer, the lower edgeline matched in clearance of the lower edgeline of the lower compression roller of right double-deck pressure roller and lower ring mould layer, left, the upper crest line matched in clearance of the upper crest line of the lower compression roller of right double-deck pressure roller and lower ring mould layer, left, the lower edgeline matched in clearance of the lower edgeline of the upper pressure roller of right double-deck pressure roller and pressed on ring mould layer, left, the upper crest line matched in clearance of the upper crest line of the upper pressure roller of right double-deck pressure roller and pressed on ring mould layer.
CN201310095870.7A 2013-03-25 2013-03-25 Straw briquetting forming machine provided with double layers of circular moulds and double layers of compressing rolls Active CN103128990B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310095870.7A CN103128990B (en) 2013-03-25 2013-03-25 Straw briquetting forming machine provided with double layers of circular moulds and double layers of compressing rolls

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CN103411782A (en) * 2013-08-02 2013-11-27 江苏大学 Device and method for simulating straw compression and forming test
CN103521130A (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-01-22 江苏良友农牧机械有限公司 Multifunctional granulator
CN103537230A (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-01-29 江苏良友农牧机械有限公司 Coal dust granulator
CN103600508A (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-02-26 三一汽车制造有限公司 Forming machine
CN103935064A (en) * 2014-03-27 2014-07-23 江苏大学 Application of ratchet mechanism to mould-roller gap adjustment of circular mould straw briquetting machine
CN104476801A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-01 东北林业大学 Biomass compressed straw stalk molding machine with double-layer ring mold and compression roller which are matched
CN104608416A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-05-13 中国农业大学 Die disc mechanism of vertical ring die block pressing machine
CN109466105A (en) * 2017-09-07 2019-03-15 扬州工业职业技术学院 A kind of stalk particle and the dual-purpose ring moulds molding machine of briquetting
CN111545129A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-18 金湖禾一生物科技有限公司 Assembled pair roller ring mould particle forming machine
CN111703105A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-09-25 江苏大学 Compression chamber of vertical ring die briquetting machine
CN112776408A (en) * 2020-12-02 2021-05-11 江苏大学 Vertical double-layer ring die three-pressing roller rice hull briquetting device

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CN201580006U (en) * 2010-02-10 2010-09-15 河北科技大学 Ring mold device for briquetting machine
CN101774284A (en) * 2010-02-12 2010-07-14 泰兴市鼎立科技有限公司 Hydraulic forming machine set for moulding and solidifying biomass
CN202097990U (en) * 2011-05-13 2012-01-04 东北林业大学 Double-layer ring-mold rotary type forming machine of biomass fuel
CN202114964U (en) * 2011-06-10 2012-01-18 河北科技大学 Combined type ring mold
CN202781892U (en) * 2011-08-11 2013-03-13 李瓒 Roller type semi-automatically-lubricated straw briquetting machine supported at both ends
CN202319034U (en) * 2011-10-25 2012-07-11 侯炳辉 Bilayer ring die flat compressed straw particle moulding device
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CN103411782B (en) * 2013-08-02 2016-01-13 江苏大学 A kind of device and method of simulating straw compression molding test
CN103411782A (en) * 2013-08-02 2013-11-27 江苏大学 Device and method for simulating straw compression and forming test
CN103521130A (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-01-22 江苏良友农牧机械有限公司 Multifunctional granulator
CN103537230A (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-01-29 江苏良友农牧机械有限公司 Coal dust granulator
CN103600508A (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-02-26 三一汽车制造有限公司 Forming machine
CN103600508B (en) * 2013-11-27 2016-01-20 三一汽车制造有限公司 A kind of forming machine
CN103935064A (en) * 2014-03-27 2014-07-23 江苏大学 Application of ratchet mechanism to mould-roller gap adjustment of circular mould straw briquetting machine
CN103935064B (en) * 2014-03-27 2016-01-20 江苏大学 The purposes of a kind of ratchet mechanism in ring mould stalk block making machine mould roller gap adjustment
CN104476801A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-01 东北林业大学 Biomass compressed straw stalk molding machine with double-layer ring mold and compression roller which are matched
CN104476801B (en) * 2014-11-27 2016-03-02 东北林业大学 The biomass straw briquetting forming machine that double-layer ring die and pressure roller match
CN104608416A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-05-13 中国农业大学 Die disc mechanism of vertical ring die block pressing machine
CN104608416B (en) * 2015-01-08 2016-06-01 中国农业大学 The mould mechanism of a kind of vertical ring die briquetting machine
CN109466105A (en) * 2017-09-07 2019-03-15 扬州工业职业技术学院 A kind of stalk particle and the dual-purpose ring moulds molding machine of briquetting
CN111703105A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-09-25 江苏大学 Compression chamber of vertical ring die briquetting machine
CN111545129A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-18 金湖禾一生物科技有限公司 Assembled pair roller ring mould particle forming machine
CN112776408A (en) * 2020-12-02 2021-05-11 江苏大学 Vertical double-layer ring die three-pressing roller rice hull briquetting device

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