CN103127917B - Preparation method of drinking water treatment agent - Google Patents

Preparation method of drinking water treatment agent Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103127917B
CN103127917B CN201310096962.7A CN201310096962A CN103127917B CN 103127917 B CN103127917 B CN 103127917B CN 201310096962 A CN201310096962 A CN 201310096962A CN 103127917 B CN103127917 B CN 103127917B
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water
span
powder
acetic acid
mixed
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CN201310096962.7A
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CN103127917A (en
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朱启红
夏红霞
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重庆文理学院
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Abstract

The invention provides a drinking water treatment agent which is prepared by dissolving and uniformly mixing mixed powder of tourmaline and magnetic chitosan microspheres in sodium alginate and polyvinyl alcohol, and solidifying and balling. The magnetic chitosan microsphere is prepared by using superparamagnetic ferroferric oxide, 1-10wt% chitosan acetic acid liquid, liquid paraffin, Span-80 and glutaraldehyde as reaction materials through an emulsion crosslinking method, wherein the mass ratio of the superparamagnetic ferroferric oxide to the chitosan acetic acid liquid is 1:(1-10), the volume ratio of the liquid paraffin to the Span-80 is (10-100):1, the volume ratio of the chitosan acetic acid liquid of superparamagnetic ferroferric oxide to mixed liquid of paraffin-Span-80 is 1:(1-10), and the volume ratio of the mixed liquid of superparaferroferric oxide, paraffin and Span-80 to glutaraldehyde is (5-50):1. According to the water treatment agent, the removal rate of volatile phenol in water is between 80 and 90 percent, and the removal rate of chromium in water is 93 percent; and the magnetic chitosan microsphere treating agent has the advantages of large adsorption capacity, high purification efficiency, low cost, regeneration, no toxicity, no pollution to environment and the like.

Description

A kind of preparation method of tourmaline/chitosan magnetic micro-sphere inorganic agent

The present invention is to be on 09 23rd, 2011 the applying date, the divisional application that application number is 201110284933.4.

Technical field

The present invention relates to water treatment preparation, relate in particular to a kind ofly to water treatment agent that in water, volatile phenol removal effect is good and preparation method thereof, belong to water treatment field.

Background technology

In recent years, the character of chitosan magnetic micro-sphere uniqueness and structure had caused people's extensive concern, especially in the application study in water treatment, obtained good achievement.Chitosan magnetic can be with removing Cu in water 2+, Cr 2+, Hg 2+, Zn 2+, Pb 2+, Ca 2+, Ag +deng metal ion, also can be used for processing organic wastewater, and can reach very soon balance.Wong and G.Mckay etc. [22-23]once shitosan treatment of dyeing and printing had been done to very detailed research, result shows that shitosan is had very high affinity to permitting eurypalynous dyestuff, comprising disperseing, directly, active, acid, sulfuration and Naphthol dyestuff, only basic-dyeable fibre is had to lower affinity.Flood love is true etc. [24]process acid azo-colour waste water with the magnetic microsphere that shitosan parcel iron is made, result shows for certain density methyl orange solution, only needs 1h just can remove more than 95%; And activated carbon needs 8h could remove 88%.Han Deyan etc. [25]also did related experiment, reaction 1h is more than 98% to the clearance of color degree of dyeing waste water.Also there is document [27]report is that flocculant can reclaim protein, the starch etc. in food processing wastewater with shitosan.Chinese scholars is by a large amount of research, inquire into from different perspectives the using value of chitosan magnetic, utilize chitosan magnetic existing a lot of to the bibliographical information of metal ion, paper waste, dyeing waste water etc., but do not seen the Study on purification to volatile phenol in water, the discussion that especially itself and other material is cross-linked again to the novel substance producing is very rare especially.

Tourmaline because of its pyroelectricity and piezoelectricity well-known, applied fully at industrial circle from mid-term in century 18th century to 20, but its electrical properties and environment-friendly function are but paid attention to always always.1989, Kubo proposed first after deliberation tourmaline particles surface and exists electrostatic field, and had predicted the application prospect of tourmaline at environmental area.The river that Japanese scholars research also finds to contain tourmaline in stratum is difficult to contaminated, has opened up the application of tourmaline in field of environment protection.Correlative study shows, tourmaline has good polarity, and surface electrostatic is strong, and harmful ion in water (as Cu, As (III), F-etc.) is had to stronger adsorptivity, can be for purifying water body, and be to administer the good environment mineral material that water pollutes.Up to the present, there is not yet about utilizing shitosan to combine with tourmaline and prepare the relevant report that water purification agent is purified waste water.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of to the high water treatment agent of phenol clearance in water.

Another object of the present invention is to provide the preparation method of above-mentioned water treatment agent.

The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:

A kind of water treatment agent, is characterized in that: it is that the mixed-powder of tourmaline and chitosan magnetic micro-sphere is joined in sodium alginate and polyvinyl alcohol and dissolves, mixes, and then solidifies balling-up and makes; Described chitosan magnetic micro-sphere is taking SPIO powder, 1~10wt% (being preferably 2wt%) shitosan acetic acid solution, atoleine, Span-80, glutaraldehyde solution as reaction mass, make by emulsion-crosslinking method, and wherein the mass ratio of SPIO and described shitosan acetic acid solution is 1:1~10 (preferred mass is than being 2:5); Atoleine and Span-80 volume ratio 10~100:1 (preferred volume ratio is 40:1); The volume ratio of the shitosan acetic acid solution of SPIO and paraffin-Span-80 mixed liquor is 1:1~10, be preferably 1:2; The mixed liquor of the shitosan acetic acid solution of above-mentioned SPIO and paraffin, Span-80, with glutaraldehyde solution (preferably adopt analyze pure) volume ratio 5~50:1, be preferably 25:1.

In the preparation of tourmaline and chitosan magnetic micro-sphere, if balling-up very little, in use easily loose, balling-up too much, blocked up can affect the performance of active ingredient effect, therefore all can affect treatment effeciency.In order further to improve uniformity and the validity of balling-up, thereby improve the clearance of water treatment agent of the present invention to phenol, in the mixed-powder of above-mentioned tourmaline and chitosan magnetic micro-sphere, the mass ratio of tourmaline and chitosan magnetic micro-sphere is 1~10:1, is preferably 5:2, and the mass ratio of the mixed-powder of above-mentioned sodium alginate, polyvinyl alcohol and tourmaline and chitosan magnetic micro-sphere is that 1:1~10:1~12, preferred mass compare 1:6:7.

Preferably, SPIO powder of the present invention is by making as follows:

Take 5.56g FeSO 47H 2o, 6.5g FeCl 3be dissolved in 50mL in advance through N with 1.7mL concentrated hydrochloric acid 2in degassed processing distilled water, then by the above-mentioned NaOH solution that is added drop-wise to 250mL1.0mol/L.In 80 DEG C of water-baths, (100r/min) stirs 5min at a slow speed, then stirs (2000r/min) at Quick mechanical, treats to occur in solution the precipitation of black, continues stirring until 30min.After question response finishes, leave standstill and be cooled to room temperature, separate black precipitate product by externally-applied magnetic field, clean 3 times with deionized water and absolute ethyl alcohol respectively, in the vacuum drying chamber of 60 DEG C, be dried 12 hours, stand-by.

Shitosan acetic acid solution of the present invention is dissolved in shitosan in acetic acid solution (preferably employing is analyzed pure) and makes; It is 90% shitosan that described shitosan is preferably deacetylation, purchased from Shanghai Hu Feng biochemical reagents Co., Ltd, be commercially available prod.

Preferably, tourmaline of the present invention originates in Chifeng Area, Inner Mongolia, is commercially available prod.

The preparation method of above-mentioned water treatment agent, as follows preparation:

A. the pretreatment of tourmaline

Tourmaline was pulverized to 100-400 mesh sieve (being preferably 200 orders), the zwitterion of adhering on surface band is removed in the NaOH solution that is 2-10% by mass concentration (being preferably 5%) washing for 5~7 times, again with after the same number of times of washed with de-ionized water, be put in baking oven the inside and dry, stand-by;

B. the preparation of SPIO powder

Take 5.56g FeSO 47H 2o, 6.5g FeCl 3be dissolved in 50mL in advance through N with 1.7mL concentrated hydrochloric acid 2in degassed processing distilled water, then by the above-mentioned NaOH solution that is added drop-wise to 250mL1.0mol/L; In 80 DEG C of water-baths, with 100r/min low rate mixing 5min, then stirring with 2000r/min Quick mechanical, treating to occur in solution the precipitation of black, continuing stirring until 30min; After question response finishes, leave standstill and be cooled to room temperature, separate black precipitate product by externally-applied magnetic field, clean 3 times with deionized water and absolute ethyl alcohol respectively, in the vacuum drying chamber of 60 DEG C, be dried 12 hours, stand-by;

C. the preparation of chitosan magnetic micro-sphere

Taking SPIO powder joins in the shitosan acetic acid solution that mass concentration is 1~10% (being preferably 2%), wherein the mass ratio of SPIO and shitosan acetic acid solution is 1:1~1:10 (being preferably 2:5), after being uniformly mixed, be transferred in the mixed liquor of atoleine and Span-80, wherein atoleine and Span-80 volume ratio 10:1~100:1 (preferred volume ratio is 40:1), adjust pH to 3.0~12.0 (being preferably 9.0), 100~500r/min (preferably 200r/min) stirs 30min, the volume ratio of the shitosan acetic acid solution of described SPIO and paraffin-Span-80 mixed liquor is 1:1~1:10 (being preferably 1:2), drip glutaraldehyde solution, the mixed liquor of the shitosan acetic acid solution of SPIO and paraffin, Span-80, and glutaraldehyde solution (preferably employing is analyzed pure) volume ratio 5:1~50:1 (being preferably 25:1), at 20~80 DEG C (preferably 40 DEG C) the lower stirring 60min that continues, make it abundant reaction, again filtration under diminished pressure, use benzinum, absolute ethyl alcohol extracting 1-10 time (preferably 3 times) successively, vacuum drying under 20-100 DEG C of (preferably 50 DEG C) condition, to obtain final product,

D. the preparation of tourmaline/chitosan magnetic micro-sphere (MCD)

Above-mentioned chitosan magnetic micro-sphere is ground to form after 100~400 orders (being preferably 140 orders) powder, more fully mix according to the ratio of mass ratio 1:1~10:1 (preferred mass is than being 5:2) with tourmaline powder, make mixed-powder; Sodium alginate, polyvinyl alcohol and mixed-powder are prepared to microballoon according to the ratio of 1:1:1~1:10:12 (preferred mass is than 1:6:7); While preparing microballoon first by sodium alginate and polyvinyl alcohol heating for dissolving 15min, add immediately mixed-powder to stir, after cooling 5~60min (preferably the time is 20min), continuously hanging drop is arrived containing 1~10wt%CaCl with constant flow rate with constant flow pump 2in the saturated BAS of (preferably 2wt%), solidify.After solidifying 5~40h (preferably 20h), leach bead, water dries for subsequent use after rinsing well.The present invention has following beneficial effect:

Water treatment agent of the present invention to the volatile phenol clearance in drinking water source (as underground water, reservoir water etc.) can reach 80%~90%, the clearance of chromium can reach 93%, obvious processing effect, referring to detailed description of the invention part, simultaneously inorganic agent of the present invention have that adsorption capacity is large, purification efficiency is high, cost is low, the advantage such as renewable, nontoxic, environmentally safe.The preparation method of water treatment agent of the present invention is easy, repeating property is strong, with low cost, be applicable to industrial-scale production.

Detailed description of the invention

Below by embodiment, the present invention is specifically described; be necessary to be pointed out that at this following examples are only used to further illustrate the present invention; can not be interpreted as limiting the scope of the invention, person skilled in art can make some nonessential improvement and adjustment to the present invention according to the invention described above content.

Embodiment 1

A kind of water treatment agent, makes according to the following steps:

A. the pretreatment of tourmaline

Tourmaline was pulverized to 200 mesh sieves, and the NaOH solution washing that is 5% by mass concentration is removed the zwitterion of adhering on surface band for 5~7 times, then with after the same number of times of washed with de-ionized water, is put in baking oven the inside and dries, stand-by;

B. the preparation of SPIO powder

Take 5.56g FeSO 47H 2o, 6.5g FeCl 3be dissolved in 50mL in advance through N with 1.7mL concentrated hydrochloric acid 2in degassed processing distilled water, then by the above-mentioned NaOH solution that is added drop-wise to 250mL1.0mol/L; In 80 DEG C of water-baths, (100r/min) stirs 5min at a slow speed, then stirs (2000r/min) at Quick mechanical, treats to occur in solution the precipitation of black, continues stirring until 30min; After question response finishes, leave standstill and be cooled to room temperature, separate black precipitate product by externally-applied magnetic field, clean 3 times with deionized water and absolute ethyl alcohol respectively, in the vacuum drying chamber of 60 DEG C, be dried 12 hours, stand-by.

C. the preparation of chitosan magnetic micro-sphere

It is that in 2% shitosan acetic acid solution, the mass ratio of described SPIO and shitosan acetic acid solution is 2:5 that the SPIO powder that takes about particle diameter 20nm joins mass concentration; After being uniformly mixed, be transferred in the mixed liquor of atoleine (analyzing pure) and Span-80 (edible class), wherein atoleine and Span-80 volume ratio are 40:1, adjust pH to 9.0,200r/min stirs 30min, and wherein the consumption volume ratio of the shitosan acetic acid solution of SPIO and paraffin-Span-80 mixed liquor is 1:2; Drip glutaraldehyde solution, the mixed liquor of the shitosan acetic acid solution of SPIO and paraffin, Span-80, with glutaraldehyde solution (analyzing pure) volume ratio be 25:1, at 40 DEG C, continue to stir 60min, make it abundant reaction, then filtration under diminished pressure, benzinum, absolute ethyl alcohol extracting three times used successively, vacuum drying under 50 DEG C of conditions, to obtain final product;

D. the preparation of tourmaline/chitosan magnetic micro-sphere (MCD)

Above-mentioned chitosan magnetic micro-sphere is ground to form after 140 order powder, more fully mix according to the ratio of 5:2 with above-mentioned tourmaline powder, make mixed-powder; Sodium alginate, polyvinyl alcohol and mixed-powder are prepared to microballoon according to the ratio of mass ratio 1:6:7; While preparing microballoon, first by sodium alginate and polyvinyl alcohol heating for dissolving 15min, add immediately mixed-powder to stir, after cooling 20min, continuously hanging drop is arrived containing 2%CaCl with constant flow rate with constant flow pump 2saturated BAS in solidify, solidify after 20h and leach bead, water dries for subsequent use after rinsing well.

Embodiment 2~7: undertaken by following material and step, all the other are with embodiment 1.

Above-mentioned tourmaline/the chitosan magnetic micro-sphere making is 78%~90% to the clearance of volatile phenol in source water.

Application Example 1

Tourmaline/chitosan magnetic micro-sphere (MCD) microballoon purifies water sample

1, the removal experiment to volatile phenol in water

Get the water sample of 50ml source water (containing volatile phenol 0.0043-0.0049mg/L) in 250ml triangular flask, add the MCD microballoon that embodiment 1 makes, regulate experiment condition, in constant temperature oscillation case, vibrate and leave standstill after certain hour, filter, with the phenol content of measuring in filtrate, can draw the clearance of MCD to volatile phenol by calculating.Experimental design is as shown in table 1, table 2.Each is tested all in triplicate, gets its mean value.

(1), experiment of single factor

Table 1 single factor design

(2), quadratic regression political affairs religion rotation combination

Adopt on the basis of the above quadratic regression orthogonal rotational combination 3 (1/2) designs to MCD bead, the factor of volatility phenol in water to be designed, get MCD dosage (x 1), pH (x 2) and reaction time (x 3) as three investigation factors, each factor is chosen five levels, in table 2.

Table 2 orthogonal test factor level coding schedule

2, the removal experiment to Cr in water

Get 50ml source water (containing Cr0.045-0.056mg/L) in 250ml triangular flask, the MCD microballoon that adds embodiment 1 to make, regulate experiment condition, in constant temperature oscillation case, vibrate and leave standstill after certain hour, filter, with the volatile phenol in gas chromatography determination filtrate, with the Cr in atomic absorption spectroscopy determination filtrate (VI), can draw the clearance of microballoon to Cr (VI) by calculating.Experimental design is as shown in table 1, table 2.Each is tested all in triplicate, gets its mean value.

Table 1 single factor design

Table 2 orthogonal test factor level coding schedule

(3) conclusion:

1, the removal experiment to volatile phenol in water

(1) experiment of single factor shows, MCD bead can be used for removing the phenol compounds in water, MCD dosage, pH, reaction time etc. have a certain impact to the removal of volatile phenol in water, be 10 at pH, duration of oscillation is while being 1.5h, MCD dosage 2.5g, in water, the potential clearance of volatile phenol reaches 84.17%.

(2) on experiment of single factor basis, use theory and the method for Fertilizer Test of Regression Design, determine optimum experimental condition by DPS data handling system: MCD dosage is 2.16g, processing time to be that 1.12h, pH value are 10.55, and in water, the clearance of volatile phenol reaches 90.72% with this understanding.

2, the removal experiment to chromium in water

(1) experiment of single factor shows, MCD, for removing the chromium of source water, is that 3g, pH are 6, the reaction time, while being 90min, in source water, the clearance of chromium reached best at dosage.

(2) on experiment of single factor basis, use theory and the method for Fertilizer Test of Regression Design, by the definite optimum experimental condition of DPS data handling system: microballoon dosage is that 2.444g, pH 4.6, reaction time are 80.4min, and in source water, chromium clearance reaches 93.13% with this understanding.

(3) on experiment of single factor basis, use theory and the method for Fertilizer Test of Regression Design, determine optimum experimental condition by DPS data handling system: the reaction time is 80.4min, pH value is 4.6, microballoon dosage is 2.444g.With this understanding, know Cr in source water (VI) clearance by inference according to Mathematical Modeling and can reach 93.93%.

Claims (1)

1. a preparation method for drinking water treatment agent, makes according to the following steps:
A. the pretreatment of tourmaline
Tourmaline was pulverized to 200 mesh sieves, and the NaOH solution washing that is 5% by mass concentration is removed the zwitterion of adhering on surface band for 5~7 times, then with after the same number of times of washed with de-ionized water, is put in baking oven the inside and dries, stand-by;
B. the preparation of SPIO powder
Take 5.56 g FeSO 47H 2o, 6.5 g FeCl 3be dissolved in 50 mL in advance through N with 1.7 mL concentrated hydrochloric acids 2in degassed processing distilled water, then by the above-mentioned NaOH solution that is added drop-wise to 250 mL 1.0mol/L; 100r/min low rate mixing 5min in 80 DEG C of water-baths, and then 2000r/min Quick mechanical stirs, and treats to occur in solution the precipitation of black to continue stirring until 30min; After question response finishes, leave standstill and be cooled to room temperature, separate black precipitate product by externally-applied magnetic field, clean 3 times with deionized water and absolute ethyl alcohol respectively, in the vacuum drying chamber of 60 DEG C, be dried 12 hours, stand-by;
C. the preparation of chitosan magnetic micro-sphere
It is that in 2% shitosan acetic acid solution, the mass ratio of described SPIO and shitosan acetic acid solution is 2:5 that the SPIO powder that takes about particle diameter 20nm joins mass concentration; After being uniformly mixed, be transferred in the mixed liquor of atoleine and Span-80, wherein atoleine and Span-80 volume ratio are 40:1, adjust pH to 9.0,200 r/min stir 30min, and wherein the consumption volume ratio of the shitosan acetic acid solution of SPIO and atoleine-Span-80 mixed liquor is 1:2; Drip glutaraldehyde solution, the mixed liquor of the shitosan acetic acid solution of SPIO and atoleine, Span-80, with glutaraldehyde solution volume ratio be 25:1, at 40 DEG C, continue to stir 60min, make it abundant reaction, then filtration under diminished pressure, benzinum, absolute ethyl alcohol extracting three times used successively, vacuum drying under 50 DEG C of conditions, to obtain final product;
D. the preparation of drinking water treatment agent
Above-mentioned chitosan magnetic micro-sphere is ground to form after 140 order powder, more fully mix with the ratio that above-mentioned tourmaline powder is 5:2 according to mass ratio, make mixed-powder; Sodium alginate, polyvinyl alcohol and mixed-powder are prepared to microballoon according to the ratio of mass ratio 1:6:7; While preparing microballoon, first by sodium alginate and polyvinyl alcohol heating for dissolving 15min, add immediately mixed-powder to stir, after cooling 20 min, continuously hanging drop is arrived containing 2wt%CaCl with constant flow rate with constant flow pump 2saturated BAS in solidify, solidify after 20 h and leach bead, water dries for subsequent use after rinsing well.
CN201310096962.7A 2011-09-23 2011-09-23 Preparation method of drinking water treatment agent CN103127917B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1724142A (en) * 2005-06-07 2006-01-25 武汉大学 Process for preparing shell glycan composite adsorbent
CN101585563A (en) * 2009-06-06 2009-11-25 吕安平 New composite water purifying agent and a preparation method thereof
CN101844072A (en) * 2010-06-03 2010-09-29 浙江碧岩环保材料有限公司 Adsorption decomposition agent and preparation method thereof

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002282345A (en) * 2001-03-27 2002-10-02 Kuraray Chem Corp Deodorizing filter

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1724142A (en) * 2005-06-07 2006-01-25 武汉大学 Process for preparing shell glycan composite adsorbent
CN101585563A (en) * 2009-06-06 2009-11-25 吕安平 New composite water purifying agent and a preparation method thereof
CN101844072A (en) * 2010-06-03 2010-09-29 浙江碧岩环保材料有限公司 Adsorption decomposition agent and preparation method thereof

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
JP特开2002-282345A 2002.10.02

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