CN103126852B - Elbow joint function rehabilitation device - Google Patents

Elbow joint function rehabilitation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103126852B
CN103126852B CN201310086628.3A CN201310086628A CN103126852B CN 103126852 B CN103126852 B CN 103126852B CN 201310086628 A CN201310086628 A CN 201310086628A CN 103126852 B CN103126852 B CN 103126852B
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China
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elbow joint
plate
location
driving
arm bone
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310086628.3A
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CN103126852A (en
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刘艳
张晓锋
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刘艳
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Abstract

The invention discloses an elbow joint function rehabilitation device which is characterized by comprising an elbow joint lining, an upper arm bone locating plate, a front arm bone locating plate, a hinged shaft, a recovery drive device and a pin shaft. The recovery drive device comprises a drive box, a control system, a servo motor, a programmable logic controller (PLC), a drive rod, a drive threaded sleeve, a driving bevel gear and a driven bevel gear. The upper arm bone locating plate is fixed on the outer circumference of the upper half portion of the elbow joint lining. The front arm bone locating plate is fixed on the outer circumference of the lower half portion of the elbow joint lining. Two sides of the lower end of the drive box are respectively hinged with the front arm bone locating plate through the hinged shaft. The servo motor is arranged in the drive box. An output shaft end of the servo motor is provided with the driving bevel gear. One end of the drive rod is connected with the drive box and the other end of the drive rod is connected with the drive threaded sleeve in a threaded mode through a set thread portion. The drive rod in the drive box is fixedly connected with the driven bevel gear. The driven threaded sleeve is hinged with the upper arm bone locating plate through the pin shaft. An encoder is arranged on the servo motor. The encoder is respectively and electrically connected with the control system through the PLC. The elbow joint function rehabilitation device has the advantages of being novel in structure, rapid in function recovery, capable of moving actively and the like.

Description

Elbow joint function convalescence device
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of medical instruments, specifically a kind of elbow joint function recovery device.
Background technology
Early rehabilitation and range of activity are limited is common complication after elbow joint trauma or operation.Soft tissue is the main cause that causes early rehabilitation.Orthosis utilizes creep or stress relaxation principle to increase joint passive range of motion (range ofmotion, ROM), in post-traumatic functional disability of elbow joints rehabilitation, plays a significant role.Orthosis should be followed basic design and application of principle.Clinical experience and research shows, by rational design and application scheme, orthosis can effectively improve the ROM of early rehabilitation after wound.
Traditional Rehabilitation equipment shortcoming: 1 Traditional Rehabilitation machine is intended to by the adhesion of passive activity elbow joint prevention elbow joint.In the time that elbow joint is not yet stiff, utilize machinery to make elbow joint passive activity, to prevent elbow joint adhesion, can not support excessive resistance and carry out closed type elbow joint adhesion release; 2 can not provide resistance to make upper arm and antebrachial muscle meat tissue resistive drag force initiative exercise, can not meet the exercise for power process in elbow joint rehabilitation later stage; 3 can not formulate personalized rehabilitation modality according to patient's concrete condition.Can not make to fix with rehabilitation mutually combining, mutually transform, moving and quiet combination, muscles and bones is laid equal stress on.And easily causing elbow joint in that in postoperative early stage (in 1 week) the too much activity of complicated elbow joint hematocele can not good absorption, the edge of a knife can not heal on schedule, increases fracture stress, affects early stage primary callus formation; 4 and we are in clinical middle discovery; elbow joint finally stretches more difficult correction; need rehabilitation machines to provide hypercorrect training to elbow joint; the range of activity 0-140 that Traditional Rehabilitation equipment can provide; in elbow joint normal activity scope; can not effectively offset the resistance forces that elbow joint front side soft tissue contracture brings, lose thereby leave exercising elbow joint scope.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of novel structure is provided, use simple, easy to operate, functional rehabilitation fast, there is active exercise, the fixing elbow joint function convalescence device combining with rehabilitation.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of elbow joint function convalescence device, it is characterized in that comprising elbow joint lining, upper arm bone location-plate, focile location-plate, hinge, rehabilitation driving device and bearing pin, described rehabilitation driving device comprises driving box, control system, servomotor, PLC controller, encoder, drive rod, drive silk braid, driving bevel gear and driven bevel pinion, described elbow joint lining is conical shell, be beneficial to be enclosed within on elbow joint, elbow joint lining adopts screen cloth to make, elbow joint lining first half exterior periphery is fixed with at least 4 upper arm bone location-plates, Lower Half exterior periphery is fixed with at least 4 focile location-plates, when being beneficial to locate upper limb, can also carry out the motion of elbow joint, both sides, driving box lower end are hinged through hinge and focile location-plate respectively, driving box is provided with control device, in driving box, be provided with servomotor, servomotor is connected with control system, servomotor output shaft end is provided with driving bevel gear, driving bevel gear is meshed with driven bevel pinion, drive rod one end is fixedly connected with driving box through bearing, the thread segment of the other end through being provided with is threaded with driving silk braid, drive rod and driven bevel pinion in driving box are fixedly connected, drive silk braid to be hinged through bearing pin and upper arm bone location-plate, the output shaft of servomotor is provided with encoder, encoder is electrically connected with control system through PLC controller respectively, be beneficial to the control by control system, the bevel-gear rotating that driven by servomotor is meshed, drive drive rod relative to driving the forward and reverse reciprocating linear of silk braid to rotate, and can increase progressively gradually the reciprocating stroke that increases drive rod, the maximum extension of elbow joint is 180 °, until drive elbow joint function rehabilitation.
The present invention can be provided with longitudinal connection strap between adjacent upper arm bone location-plate and focile location-plate, between adjacent upper arm bone location-plate, be connected through laterally connecting strap, between adjacent focile location-plate, be connected through laterally connecting strap, be beneficial to carrying out soft location between upper arm bone location-plate and focile location-plate.
The present invention can be between upper arm bone location-plate and elbow joint lining, be respectively equipped with positioning gasbag between focile location-plate and elbow joint lining, and air bag air bag is connected with air valve through trachea, is beneficial to the location in rehabilitation course.
Positioning gasbag of the present invention be by horizontal air bag and longitudinally air bag mutually connect and form, and adjacent transverse air bag and adjacent longitudinal air bag be arranged in parallel, makes to form passage between adjacent transverse air bag and adjacent longitudinal air bag, to reach comfortable effect.
Servomotor of the present invention also can adopt motor.
The present invention in the time of clinical practice,
The present invention is owing to adopting said structure, there is novel structure, use simple, easy to operate, functional rehabilitation fast, there is active exercise, fixing and the advantage such as rehabilitation combines.
brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the A-A profile of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of positioning gasbag in the present invention.
Reference numeral: elbow joint lining 1, upper arm bone location-plate 2, focile location-plate 3, hinge 4,, bearing pin 5, driving box 6, drive rod 7, drive silk braid 8, longitudinally connect strap 9, laterally connect strap 10, positioning gasbag 11, air valve 12, passage 13.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further described:
As shown in drawings, a kind of elbow joint function convalescence device, it is characterized in that comprising elbow joint lining 1, upper arm bone location-plate 2, focile location-plate 3, hinge 4, rehabilitation driving device and bearing pin 5, described rehabilitation driving device comprises driving box 6, control system, servomotor, PLC controller, encoder, drive rod 7, drive silk braid 8, driving bevel gear and driven bevel pinion, described elbow joint lining 1 is conical shell, be beneficial to be enclosed within on elbow joint, elbow joint lining 1 adopts screen cloth to make, elbow joint lining 1 first half exterior periphery is fixed with at least 4 upper arm bone location-plates 2, Lower Half exterior periphery is fixed with at least 4 focile location-plates 3, when being beneficial to locate upper limb, can also carry out the motion of elbow joint, driving box 6 both sides, lower end are hinged through hinge 4 and focile location-plate 3 respectively, driving box 6 is provided with control device, in driving box 6, be provided with servomotor, servomotor is connected with control system, servomotor output shaft end is provided with driving bevel gear, driving bevel gear is meshed with driven bevel pinion, drive rod 7 one end are fixedly connected with driving box 6 through bearing, the thread segment of the other end through being provided with is threaded with driving silk braid 8, drive rod 7 in driving box 6 is fixedly connected with driven bevel pinion, drive silk braid 8 to be hinged through bearing pin 5 and upper arm bone location-plate 2, the output shaft of servomotor is provided with encoder, encoder is electrically connected with control system through PLC controller respectively, be beneficial to the control by control system, driving bevel gear and driven bevel pinion that driven by servomotor is meshed are rotated, drive drive rod 7 relative to driving the forward and reverse reciprocating linear of silk braid 8 to rotate, and can increase gradually the reciprocating stroke of drive rod 7, until drive elbow joint function rehabilitation.
The present invention can be provided with longitudinal connection strap 9 between adjacent upper arm bone location-plate 2 and focile location-plate 3, between adjacent upper arm bone location-plate 2, be connected through laterally connecting strap 10, between adjacent focile location-plate 3, be connected through laterally connecting strap 10, be beneficial to carrying out soft location between upper arm bone location-plate 2 and focile location-plate 3.
The present invention can be between upper arm bone location-plate 2 and elbow joint lining 1, be respectively equipped with positioning gasbag 11 between focile location-plate 3 and elbow joint lining 1, and positioning gasbag 11 is connected with air valve 12 through trachea, is beneficial to the location in rehabilitation course.
Positioning gasbag 11 of the present invention be by horizontal air bag and longitudinally air bag mutually connect and form, and adjacent transverse air bag and adjacent longitudinal air bag be arranged in parallel, makes to form passage 13 between adjacent transverse air bag and adjacent longitudinal air bag, to reach comfortable effect.
Servomotor of the present invention also can adopt step-servo motor.
The present invention is clinical while doing rehabilitation, elbow joint lining is enclosed within to patient's upper limb, focile is located corresponding focile, the corresponding underarm bone of upper arm bone location-plate, connect the corresponding elbow joint of strap, driving box is hinged through the focile location-plate of hinge and forearm both sides, by drive rod with after driving silk braid to be threaded, drive silk braid to be connected with upper arm bone location-plate through bearing pin again, press air valve, airbag aeration is to the fixing upper arm bone of upper arm bone location-plate, focile location-plate is fixed focile, control system on operation driving box, make the anglec of rotation between upper arm bone and focile reach 120 °, servomotor drives drive rod first to do short distance straight reciprocating motion, continue to take exercise upper arm and antebrachial muscle meat tissue are carried out to the stretching, extension function of resistive drag force initiative exercise to this angle, operation control system, the abduction angle that continues increasing elbow joint reaches 150 °, servomotor drives drive rod to do straight reciprocating motion, continue to take exercise upper arm and antebrachial muscle meat tissue are carried out to further resistive drag force initiative exercise, until the resistive drag force initiative exercise to 180 ° of upper arm and tong arm muscular tissue.
The present invention is owing to adopting said structure, and 1, can resist excessive resistance and carry out closed type elbow joint adhesion release; 2, can provide resistance to make upper arm and antebrachial muscle meat tissue resistive drag force initiative exercise, meet the exercise for power process in elbow joint rehabilitation later stage; 3, can formulate personalized rehabilitation modality according to patient's concrete condition, make to fix with rehabilitation mutually combining, mutually transform, moving and quiet combination, muscles and bones is laid equal stress on; 4, elbow joint finally stretches can increase the correction of the form of resistance gradually, patient's misery is little, can effectively offset the resistance forces that elbow joint front side soft tissue contracture brings, thereby recover the function of exercising elbow joint scope, there is novel structure, use simple, easy to operate, functional rehabilitation fast, there is active exercise, fixing and the advantage such as rehabilitation combines.

Claims (3)

1. an elbow joint function convalescence device, it is characterized in that comprising elbow joint lining, upper arm bone location-plate, focile location-plate, hinge, rehabilitation driving device and bearing pin, described rehabilitation driving device comprises driving box, control system, servomotor, PLC controller, encoder, drive rod, driving silk braid, driving bevel gear and driven bevel pinion, described elbow joint lining is conical shell
Elbow joint lining first half exterior periphery is fixed with at least 4 upper arm bone location-plates, Lower Half exterior periphery is fixed with at least 4 focile location-plates, both sides, driving box lower end are hinged through hinge and focile location-plate respectively, driving box is provided with control device, in driving box, be provided with servomotor, servomotor is connected with control system, and servomotor output shaft end is provided with initiatively umbrella
Gear, driving bevel gear is meshed with driven bevel pinion, drive rod one end is fixedly connected with driving box through bearing, the thread segment of the other end through being provided with is threaded with driving silk braid, drive rod and driven bevel pinion in driving box are fixedly connected, drive silk braid to be hinged through bearing pin and upper arm bone location-plate, the output shaft of servomotor is provided with encoder, and encoder is controlled through PLC respectively
Device is electrically connected with control system, is provided with longitudinal connection strap between adjacent upper arm bone location-plate and focile location-plate, between adjacent upper arm bone location-plate, is connected through laterally connecting strap, adjacent
Between focile location-plate, be connected through laterally connecting strap, between upper arm bone location-plate and elbow joint lining, be respectively equipped with positioning gasbag between focile location-plate and elbow joint lining, positioning gasbag is connected with air valve through trachea, described positioning gasbag is mutually to be connected and form by horizontal air bag and longitudinal air bag, and adjacent transverse air bag and adjacent longitudinal air bag be arranged in parallel, make to form passage between adjacent transverse air bag and adjacent longitudinal air bag.
2. according to a kind of elbow joint function convalescence device described in claim 1, it is characterized in that described servomotor also adopts motor.
3. according to a kind of elbow joint function convalescence device described in claim 1, it is characterized in that described elbow joint lining adopts screen cloth to make.
CN201310086628.3A 2013-03-19 2013-03-19 Elbow joint function rehabilitation device Expired - Fee Related CN103126852B (en)

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104921906B (en) * 2015-07-14 2017-10-10 王少飞 A kind of gasbag-type joint rehabilitation training apparatus
CN105148460B (en) * 2015-08-05 2017-06-16 上海交通大学 A kind of active elbow joint rehabilitation machines
CN109771900B (en) * 2019-03-06 2021-05-04 杜电电 Forearm training device
CN110916982B (en) * 2019-12-24 2021-07-27 天水师范学院 Disabled person shoulder joint rehabilitation training device

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2440187A1 (en) * 1978-11-06 1980-05-30 Pecheux Jean Claude Orthopaedic frame for exercising elbow and forearm - has pairs of parallel proximal and distal supports pivoted at elbow and moved in one restricted plane by cylinder and rod
FR2542993A1 (en) * 1983-03-25 1984-09-28 Nantes Caisse Regionale Assura Motorised orthesis for the upper limb
CN2098277U (en) * 1991-08-14 1992-03-11 中国人民解放军装甲兵工程学院 Combined limbs joints exerciser
CN2364876Y (en) * 1999-03-30 2000-02-23 马兆龙 Upper limb recovery instrument
CN2737343Y (en) * 2004-11-01 2005-11-02 李铁山 Joint controlling soft splint
CN2815337Y (en) * 2005-08-18 2006-09-13 哈尔滨工程大学 Sitting-posture upper limb rehabilitation training machine
CN101181175A (en) * 2007-12-07 2008-05-21 华中科技大学 Device for healing and training elbow joint
CN201108566Y (en) * 2007-12-07 2008-09-03 华中科技大学 Elbow joint healing training device
CN201135581Y (en) * 2007-09-20 2008-10-22 华中科技大学 Wearable upper limbs rehabilitation training robot device
CN202314186U (en) * 2011-11-15 2012-07-11 徐晓梅 Elbow joint moving device
CN102614066A (en) * 2010-12-14 2012-08-01 雷哈博泰克有限责任公司 Wearable and convertible passive and active movement training robot: apparatus and method

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2440187A1 (en) * 1978-11-06 1980-05-30 Pecheux Jean Claude Orthopaedic frame for exercising elbow and forearm - has pairs of parallel proximal and distal supports pivoted at elbow and moved in one restricted plane by cylinder and rod
FR2542993A1 (en) * 1983-03-25 1984-09-28 Nantes Caisse Regionale Assura Motorised orthesis for the upper limb
CN2098277U (en) * 1991-08-14 1992-03-11 中国人民解放军装甲兵工程学院 Combined limbs joints exerciser
CN2364876Y (en) * 1999-03-30 2000-02-23 马兆龙 Upper limb recovery instrument
CN2737343Y (en) * 2004-11-01 2005-11-02 李铁山 Joint controlling soft splint
CN2815337Y (en) * 2005-08-18 2006-09-13 哈尔滨工程大学 Sitting-posture upper limb rehabilitation training machine
CN201135581Y (en) * 2007-09-20 2008-10-22 华中科技大学 Wearable upper limbs rehabilitation training robot device
CN101181175A (en) * 2007-12-07 2008-05-21 华中科技大学 Device for healing and training elbow joint
CN201108566Y (en) * 2007-12-07 2008-09-03 华中科技大学 Elbow joint healing training device
CN102614066A (en) * 2010-12-14 2012-08-01 雷哈博泰克有限责任公司 Wearable and convertible passive and active movement training robot: apparatus and method
CN202314186U (en) * 2011-11-15 2012-07-11 徐晓梅 Elbow joint moving device

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Owner name: LIU YAN

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Effective date of registration: 20140805

Address after: 264300 2nd municipal hospital, Guangming Road, Huancui District, Shandong,, Weihai

Applicant after: Liu Yan

Address before: 264300 Rongcheng people's Hospital, 9 Traffic Street, Weihai, Shandong, Rongcheng

Applicant before: Guo Guangyuan

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Inventor after: Zhang Xiaofeng

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