CN103126813A - Medical stretcher suitable for outdoor medical rescue - Google Patents

Medical stretcher suitable for outdoor medical rescue Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103126813A
CN103126813A CN201310047038XA CN201310047038A CN103126813A CN 103126813 A CN103126813 A CN 103126813A CN 201310047038X A CN201310047038X A CN 201310047038XA CN 201310047038 A CN201310047038 A CN 201310047038A CN 103126813 A CN103126813 A CN 103126813A
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China
Prior art keywords
stretcher
medical
locking
folding round
lock ring
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Granted
Application number
CN201310047038XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103126813B (en
Inventor
孙鸿涛
黎飞猛
黄冠宁
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孙鸿涛
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Priority to CN201310047038.XA priority Critical patent/CN103126813B/en
Publication of CN103126813A publication Critical patent/CN103126813A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103126813B publication Critical patent/CN103126813B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a medical stretcher suitable for outdoor medical rescue. The medical stretcher comprises two folding round rods arranged in parallel. Each folding round rod is formed by connecting two unit rods. Stretcher cloth and a folding circular transverse rod used for transversely connecting the two folding round rods are arranged between the two folding round rods. The medical stretcher further comprises a locking mechanism used for locking the unfolding state of the folding round rods and at least four support legs used for supporting the stretcher and capable of adjusting self height in telescopic mode. The locking mechanism is hinged between two unit rods of each folding round rod. The support legs are symmetrically hinged on the two folding round rods and are used for supporting under the unfolding state of the folding round rods and adjusting height of the stretcher. The medical stretcher is capable of being folded into smaller size, convenient to carry, capable of maintaining placement stability on uneven outdoor ground, thereby avoiding secondary damage of patients.

Description

A kind of medical stretcher of suitable open-air medical rescue
Technical field
The present invention relates to stretcher, be specifically related to a kind of medical stretcher of suitable open-air medical rescue.
Background technology
Stretcher is the common tool of emergency medicine treatment, at present, the stretcher volume of installations and facilities in hospital all more greatly, heavier, contractility is not strong, carries inconvenience, can't satisfy man portable field rescue requirement.And, find through the field rescue practice, the supporting leg of all stretchers all can not be adjusted height at present, place on the requirement level land, not then stretcher tilt, shamble, can't adapt to open-air broken terrain, cause open-air placement very inconvenient, also easily cause sick and wounded's secondary injury.
In addition, drip stand need to be set when the sick and wounded are infused in addition support fixedly infusion bottle, and if existing stretcher satisfies simultaneously and has supporting leg and drip stand, be difficult to be folded into the small size structure, not Portable belt.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention, just be to provide a kind of medical stretcher of suitable open-air medical rescue, can be folded into smaller size smaller, easy to carry, and the stability that can keep stretcher to place on rough open-air ground, avoid causing secondary injury to the sick and wounded.
for solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of medical stretcher of suitable open-air medical rescue, comprise two folding round bars that be arranged in parallel, each folding round bar is connected and composed by two unit bars, be fixed with stretcher cloth and the folding arc cross bar that is connected laterally connecting two folding round bars between described two folding round bars, it is characterized in that: also comprise locking mechanism and at least four supporting legs that are used for supporting stretcher and scalable adjusting oneself height for the folding round bar deployed condition of locking, this locking mechanism is articulated between two unit bars of each folding round bar, described supporting leg symmetry respectively is articulated on two folding round bars, and by supporting leg in the deployed condition lower support of folding round bar and regulate the height of stretcher.
On the basis of the above, the present invention can do following improvement:
Locking mechanism of the present invention comprises lock ring and is connected quarter butt, the middle part of described connection quarter butt is columnar portion, the two ends of columnar portion are extended with the flat connecting portion, and the middle part of described lock ring is for turning the hole, and described lock ring forms rotating socket cooperation through turning hole and the columnar portion that is connected quarter butt; Be equipped with in the described lock ring that turns the both sides, hole for the unit bar and slip into annular groove in lock ring, this annular groove is provided with for the blocking unit bar and slips into protruding gear in lock ring, this protruding gear along lock ring radially to projecting inward.
Have with the hinged end of locking mechanism on unit of the present invention bar and split groove, the unit boom end of splitting groove both sides has stopper, and this stopper is radially outward stretched out along the unit bar, and when lock ring rotates and protruding gear be slidably matched; The connecting portion of described connection quarter butt stretches into to be split in groove and is articulated on the two side of splitting groove; Described unit bar by rotating lock ring, makes stopper and protruding gear compress mutually and mutually stop when splitting the hinged pin joint of groove and launch or fold, or makes stopper relative with annular groove and then stopper is slipped in annular groove.
Lock ring of the present invention is provided with the anti-skidding burr of strip.The sliding surface of the described annular groove introversive outer spherical cambered surface of widening of serving as reasons, this annular groove consists of the rotation space that slips into rotation for stopper;
Further, the present invention can do following improvement:
Supporting leg of the present invention comprises support column and the adjusting sleeve pipe that coordinates with the rotating socket of support column, be fixed with fixing head with the supporting leg hinged place on described folding round bar, one side of this fixing head is extended with hinged end, accordingly, upper end one side of described adjusting sleeve pipe is extended with the articulated section that coordinates with hinged end; Have the serrate slot that axially arranges along adjusting sleeve pipe on the tube wall of described adjusting sleeve pipe, accordingly, the outer wall of described support column is provided with the protruding pin that is slidably matched with serrate slot; Described serrate slot is comprised of with the straight trough that is connected with each draw-in groove a plurality of a plurality of draw-in grooves along the adjusting sleeve pipe axial distribution, and described draw-in groove is obliquely installed.
The opposite side of fixing head of the present invention is extended with the hook ear, and accordingly, the opposite side of described support column upper end is provided with and the hasp that hooks the ear hook and coordinate.
Hasp of the present invention comprises buckle and clasp, and described buckle Eccentric-hinge is connected to the opposite side of support column upper end, and described clasp one end and buckle are hinged, and the other end of clasp coordinates with hook ear hook.
The bottom of support column of the present invention is provided with base, and the bottom surface of base is provided with a plurality of staples.
Further, the present invention also can do following improvement:
Stretcher of the present invention also comprises telescopic transfusion pole, and this transfusion pole is articulated in an end of folding round bar through linkwork.
Linkwork of the present invention comprises hinged seat and locking cover, described hinged seat is fixed in an end of folding round bar, and is extended with articulated column on hinged seat, and this articulated column is suitable with the locking cover, described transfusion pole is articulated on articulated column, and described locking cover is sheathed on transfusion pole; Described locking is set on transfusion pole and articulated column when being enclosed within locking simultaneously.
Compared with prior art, the technology of the present invention has following beneficial effect:
(1) the present invention can lock by locking mechanism the deployed condition of folding round bar, make the foldable integral of this stretcher or launch more stable, and the setting by stopper, protruding gear, chute is beneficial to fast folding or expansion, simple in structure, operation is reliable, simultaneously can be folded into smaller size smaller, easy to carry;
(2) the present invention can keep by supporting leg the stability that stretcher is placed on rough open-air ground, avoid causing secondary injury to the sick and wounded, and by the height of the scalable adjusting supporting leg of card interference fit of protruding pin and serrate slot, and then the convenient whole stretcher height overhead of regulating, also foldable support leg, reduce the stretcher volume after folding;
(3) the present invention can facilitate the sick and wounded to infuse by transfusion pole, and can be folding through linkwork, the pole of avoiding infusing takies too much space and hinders and carry, also collapsible transfusion pole, stretcher volume after folding is further reduced, realize simultaneously the integrated of drip stand and stretcher.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that stretcher of the present invention launches;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that stretcher of the present invention launched and removed stretcher cloth;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that locking mechanism of the present invention is in the lock state;
Fig. 4 is the cutaway view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation that locking mechanism of the present invention is in released state;
Fig. 6 is the cutaway view of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the folding or structural representation when launching of locking mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the unit of the present invention bar structural representation hinged with being connected quarter butt;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of lock ring of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the A-A sectional block diagram of Fig. 7;
Figure 11 is the B-B cutaway view of Fig. 7;
Structural representation when Figure 12 is supporting leg elongation of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the structural representation that supporting leg of the present invention is in shortening and folded state;
Figure 14 is the present invention's structural representation of pole when launching to erect of infusing;
Figure 15 is that the present invention's pole of infusing is shortened structural representation when folding;
Figure 16 is the structural representation of stretcher folded transition state of the present invention;
Figure 17 is the structural representation after stretcher of the present invention folds.
In figure: 1, folding round bar; 11, unit bar; 12, split groove; 13, stopper; 14, fixing head; 15, hinged end; 16, hook ear; 2, stretcher cloth; 3, arc cross bar; 4, supporting leg; 41, support column; 42, adjusting sleeve pipe; 43, articulated section; 44, serrate slot; 441, draw-in groove; 442, straight trough; 45, protruding pin; 46, hasp; 461, buckle; 462, clasp; 47, base; 48, staple; 5, locking mechanism; 51, connect quarter butt; 511, columnar portion; 512, connecting portion; 52, lock ring; 53, turn the hole; 54, annular groove; 55, protruding gear; 56, anti-skidding burr; 6, transfusion pole; 7, linkwork; 71, hinged seat; 72, locking cover; 73, articulated column.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is further set forth.
The medical stretcher of a kind of suitable open-air medical rescue as shown in Fig. 1 ~ 2, comprise supporting leg 4, locking mechanism 5, transfusion pole 6 and two folding round bars 1 that be arranged in parallel, each folding round bar 1 is connected and composed by two unit bars 11, is fixed with stretcher cloth 2 and folding two the arc cross bars 3 that are connected laterally connecting two folding round bars 1 between two folding round bars 1.Wherein, each unit bar 11 of the present embodiment is collapsible, as shown in Figure 16 ~ 17, folds and unit bar 11 is divided into two parts through fold mechanism, is beneficial to whole stretcher is folded into more small size; Round bar 1 is as the main support of whole stretcher, and its two ends are for being used for the handle of rescue personnel's grasping, and stretcher cloth 2 is used for supporting the sick and wounded; Arc cross bar 3 is used for the back of arching upward after adaptive human body is lain down.Can support whole stretcher by supporting leg 4, be in deployed condition by the folding round bar 1 of locking mechanism 5 lockables, can hang up infusion bottle by transfusion pole 6 sick and wounded are infused.
As shown in Fig. 3 ~ 11, locking mechanism 5 is located between two unit bars 11 of each folding round bar 1, and two unit bars 11 of each folding round bar 1 are hinged with the two ends of locking mechanism 5 respectively; Wherein, locking mechanism 5 comprises connection quarter butt 51 and lock ring 52, the middle part that connects quarter butt 51 is columnar portion 511, the two ends of columnar portion 511 are extended with the connecting portion 512 of flat, the middle part of lock ring 52 is for turning hole 53, lock ring 52 forms rotating socket cooperation through turning hole 53 with the columnar portion 511 that is connected quarter butt 51, and namely lock ring 52 can rotate on columnar portion 511.Turn to be equipped with in the lock ring 52 of 53 both sides, hole for unit bar 11 and slip into annular groove 54 in lock ring 52, this annular groove 54 is provided with for the blocking unit bar and slips into protruding gear 55 in lock ring, this protruding gear along lock ring radially to projecting inward, and this protruding gear 55 is on annular groove 54 symmetrically arranged two, and annular groove 54 is divided into symmetrical two.
Lock ring 52 is provided with the anti-skidding burr 56 of strip, and this anti-skidding burr 56 arranges around the outer surface circumference array of lock ring 52, and when rotating lock ring 52, this anti-skidding burr 56 can be used as anti-skidding.
Have with the hinged end of locking mechanism 5 on unit bar 11 and split groove 12, these unit bar 11 ends of splitting groove both sides have stopper 13, and this stopper 13 is radially outward stretched out along unit bar 11, and when lock ring 52 rotates and protruding gear 55 be slidably matched; The connecting portion 512 that connects quarter butt 51 stretches into to be split in groove 12 and is articulated on the two side of splitting groove 12.The stopper 13 of the present embodiment is in unit bar 11 ends symmetrically arranged two, the holding capacity when being used for strengthening stopped by protruding gear 55.With the sliding surface of the annular groove 54 introversive outer spherical cambered surface of widening of serving as reasons, namely the annular groove 54 of two symmetries is on the spherome surface of same diameter.This annular groove 54 is suitable with stopper 13, and annular groove 54 consists of the rotation space that slips into rotation for stopper 13, i.e. during or expansion rotation folding when folding round bar 1, stopper 13 can be in annular groove 54 slips into lock ring 52.As shown in Fig. 7 ~ 8, unit bar 11 around the pin joint hinged with splitting groove 12 folding or when launching, by rotating lock ring 52(such as Fig. 5 ~ 6), make stopper 13 relative with annular groove 54, and then stopper 13 is slipped in annular groove 54, form the released state of locking mechanism 5.When needs make folding round bar 1 be locked in deployed condition, stopper 13 and protruding gear 55 are compressed mutually and mutually stop (as Fig. 3 ~ 4), the lock-out state of formation locking mechanism 5.
The supporting leg 4 of the present embodiment is four, and symmetry is articulated on two folding round bars 1 respectively, and is positioned at four jiaos of two folding round bars 1, and the supporting leg 4 more than four also can be set according to the needs of stability.Wherein, as shown in Figure 12 ~ 13, supporting leg 4 comprises support column 41 and forms with support column 41 adjusting sleeve pipe 42 that rotating socket coordinates, hinged place with supporting leg 4 on folding round bar 1 is fixed with fixing head 14, one side of this fixing head 14 is extended with hinged end 15, and the upper end one side correspondence of adjusting sleeve pipe 42 is extended with the articulated section 43 that coordinates with hinged end 15.Have the serrate slot 44 that axially arranges along adjusting sleeve pipe 42 on the tube wall of adjusting sleeve pipe 42, accordingly, the outer wall of support column 41 is provided with the protruding pin 45 that is slidably matched with serrate slot 44.serrate slot 44 is comprised of with the straight trough 442 that is connected with each draw-in groove 441 a plurality of a plurality of draw-in grooves 441 along adjusting sleeve pipe 42 axial distribution, draw-in groove 441 is obliquely installed, be used for stable card belling pin 45, as shown in figure 12, the draw-in groove 441 that tilts is used for preventing protruding pin 45 slide fasteners when supporting leg elongation rear support stretcher, as shown in figure 13, after rotation and moving axially adjusting sleeve pipe along adjusting sleeve pipe 42, scalable protruding pin 45 snaps in the draw-in groove 441 of diverse location, realize the height of telescopic adjustment supporting leg 4, height by regulating supporting leg 4 is to keep the not balance of stretcher integral body at ordinary times of ground.
Opposite side at fixing head 14 is extended with hook ear 16, accordingly, the opposite side of support column 41 upper ends is provided with and the hasp 46 that hooks ear 16 hooks and coordinate, the hasp 46 of the present embodiment comprises buckle 461 and clasp 462, buckle 461 Eccentric-hinges are connected to the opposite side of support column 41 upper ends, clasp 462 1 ends and buckle 461 are hinged, the other end of clasp 462 coordinates with hook ear 16 hooks, after clasp 462 hooks are hooking on ear 16, by eccentric rotary buckle 461, make buckle 461 self extrusion on adjusting sleeve pipe 42, be used for firm docking fixing head 14 and adjusting sleeve pipe 42.Be provided with base 47 in the bottom of support column 41, the bottom surface of base 47 is provided with a plurality of staples 48, and after stretcher launched, the staple 47 of supporting leg 4 bottom surfaces can be grabbed face on the spot, prevents that the stretcher that is supported with the sick and wounded from toppling over.
As shown in Figure 14 ~ 15, the transfusion pole 6 of the present embodiment is extension type, mode by the little bar of large bar cover realizes stretching, this transfusion pole 6 is articulated in an end of folding round bar 1 through linkwork 7, linkwork 7 comprises hinged seat 71 and locking cover 72, hinged seat 71 is fixed in an end of aforementioned folding round bar 1, and be extended with articulated column 73 on hinged seat 71, the shape size of this articulated column 73 is suitable with the shape size of locking cover 72, transfusion pole 6 is articulated on articulated column 73, and locking cover 72 is sheathed on transfusion pole 6; After stretcher launches, in the time of need to infusing to the sick and wounded, rotate and erect transfusion pole 6, will lock cover 72 and be set in simultaneously on transfusion pole 6 and articulated column 73, be used for the state that erects that locking transfusion pole 6 is in expansion, prevent from rotating.
Embodiments of the present invention are not limited to this, according to foregoing, ordinary skill knowledge and customary means according to this area, do not breaking away under the above-mentioned basic fundamental thought of the present invention prerequisite, the present invention can also make equivalent modifications, replacement or the change of other various ways, all can realize the object of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. medical stretcher that is fit to open-air medical rescue, comprise two folding round bars that be arranged in parallel, each folding round bar is connected and composed by two unit bars, be fixed with stretcher cloth and the folding arc cross bar that is connected laterally connecting two folding round bars between described two folding round bars, it is characterized in that: also comprise locking mechanism and at least four supporting legs that are used for supporting stretcher and scalable adjusting oneself height for the folding round bar deployed condition of locking, this locking mechanism is articulated between two unit bars of each folding round bar; Described supporting leg symmetry respectively is articulated on two folding round bars, and by supporting leg in the deployed condition lower support of folding round bar and regulate the height of stretcher.
2. the medical stretcher of suitable open-air medical rescue according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described locking mechanism comprises lock ring and is connected quarter butt, the middle part of described connection quarter butt is columnar portion, the two ends of columnar portion are extended with the flat connecting portion, the middle part of described lock ring is for turning the hole, and described lock ring forms rotating socket cooperation through turning hole and the columnar portion that is connected quarter butt; Be equipped with in the described lock ring that turns the both sides, hole for the unit bar and slip into annular groove in lock ring, this annular groove is provided with for the blocking unit bar and slips into protruding gear in lock ring, this protruding gear along lock ring radially to projecting inward.
3. the medical stretcher of suitable open-air medical rescue according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: have with the hinged end of locking mechanism on described unit bar and split groove, the unit boom end of splitting groove both sides has stopper, this stopper is radially outward stretched out along the unit bar, and when lock ring rotates and protruding gear be slidably matched; The connecting portion of described connection quarter butt stretches into to be split in groove and is articulated on the two side of splitting groove; Described unit bar by rotating lock ring, makes stopper and protruding gear compress mutually and mutually stop around when splitting the hinged pin joint of groove and launch or fold, or makes stopper relative with annular groove and then stopper is slipped in annular groove.
4. the medical stretcher of according to claim 2 or 3 described suitable open-air medical rescues, it is characterized in that: described lock ring is provided with the anti-skidding burr of strip; The sliding surface of the described annular groove introversive outer spherical cambered surface of widening of serving as reasons.
5. the medical stretcher of suitable open-air medical rescue according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described supporting leg comprises support column and forms with support column the adjusting sleeve pipe that rotating socket coordinates, be fixed with fixing head with the supporting leg hinged place on described folding round bar, one side of this fixing head is extended with hinged end, accordingly, upper end one side of described adjusting sleeve pipe is extended with the articulated section that coordinates with hinged end; Have the serrate slot that axially arranges along adjusting sleeve pipe on the tube wall of described adjusting sleeve pipe, accordingly, the outer wall of described support column is provided with the protruding pin that is slidably matched with serrate slot; Described serrate slot is comprised of with the straight trough that is connected with each draw-in groove a plurality of a plurality of draw-in grooves along the adjusting sleeve pipe axial distribution, and described draw-in groove is obliquely installed.
6. the medical stretcher of suitable open-air medical rescue according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the opposite side of described fixing head is extended with the hook ear, and accordingly, the opposite side of described support column upper end is provided with and the hasp that hooks the ear hook and coordinate.
7. the medical stretcher of suitable open-air medical rescue according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described hasp comprises buckle and clasp, described buckle Eccentric-hinge is connected to the opposite side of support column upper end, and described clasp one end and buckle are hinged, and the other end of clasp coordinates with hook ear hook.
8. the medical stretcher of according to claim 5-7 described suitable open-air medical rescues of any one, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described support column is provided with base, and the bottom surface of base is provided with a plurality of staples.
9. the medical stretcher of suitable open-air medical rescue according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described stretcher also comprises telescopic transfusion pole, this transfusion pole is articulated in an end of folding round bar through linkwork.
10. the medical stretcher of suitable open-air medical rescue according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: described linkwork comprises hinged seat and locking cover, described hinged seat is fixed in an end of folding round bar, and be extended with articulated column on hinged seat, this articulated column is suitable with the locking cover, described transfusion pole is articulated on articulated column, and described locking cover is sheathed on transfusion pole; Described locking is set on transfusion pole and articulated column when being enclosed within locking simultaneously.
CN201310047038.XA 2013-02-05 2013-02-05 Medical stretcher suitable for outdoor medical rescue Expired - Fee Related CN103126813B (en)

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CN103126813B CN103126813B (en) 2015-07-22

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103536398A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-01-29 中国人民解放军总医院第一附属医院 Portable detachable multi-functional diversified military operation guarantee device
CN103961225A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-08-06 江苏赛康医疗设备有限公司 Folding medical stretcher
CN104887404A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-09-09 宁波市普力升工贸有限公司 Stretcher for bathing machine
CN105796253A (en) * 2016-02-22 2016-07-27 吴梦炜 Folding type first-aid stretcher
CN106074011A (en) * 2016-08-15 2016-11-09 苏强 A kind of Multifunctional emergency Medical stretcher
CN106510980A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-03-22 黄培荣 Head fixator and stretcher provided with same
CN109771149A (en) * 2017-11-10 2019-05-21 广东联力科技有限公司 A kind of medical rescue stretcher convenient for folding
CN110338983A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-10-18 淮北市儒伽医疗科技有限公司 A kind of folding medical stretcher with infusion device
CN111110417A (en) * 2020-01-14 2020-05-08 北京大学第三医院(北京大学第三临床医学院) Spine protection board with heat preservation function
CN112031521A (en) * 2020-09-03 2020-12-04 温州华志宇强科技有限公司 Road construction fence

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CN107374840A (en) * 2017-09-07 2017-11-24 刘路清 A kind of Medical stretcher for emergency treatment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103536398A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-01-29 中国人民解放军总医院第一附属医院 Portable detachable multi-functional diversified military operation guarantee device
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CN104887404A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-09-09 宁波市普力升工贸有限公司 Stretcher for bathing machine
CN105796253A (en) * 2016-02-22 2016-07-27 吴梦炜 Folding type first-aid stretcher
CN106074011A (en) * 2016-08-15 2016-11-09 苏强 A kind of Multifunctional emergency Medical stretcher
CN106510980A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-03-22 黄培荣 Head fixator and stretcher provided with same
CN109771149A (en) * 2017-11-10 2019-05-21 广东联力科技有限公司 A kind of medical rescue stretcher convenient for folding
CN110338983A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-10-18 淮北市儒伽医疗科技有限公司 A kind of folding medical stretcher with infusion device
CN111110417A (en) * 2020-01-14 2020-05-08 北京大学第三医院(北京大学第三临床医学院) Spine protection board with heat preservation function
CN112031521A (en) * 2020-09-03 2020-12-04 温州华志宇强科技有限公司 Road construction fence

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