CN103125416A - Ecological factorial breeding method of coilia ectenes parent fish - Google Patents

Ecological factorial breeding method of coilia ectenes parent fish Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103125416A
CN103125416A CN2013100982481A CN201310098248A CN103125416A CN 103125416 A CN103125416 A CN 103125416A CN 2013100982481 A CN2013100982481 A CN 2013100982481A CN 201310098248 A CN201310098248 A CN 201310098248A CN 103125416 A CN103125416 A CN 103125416A
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water
pond
ecological
parent
parent population
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CN103125416B (en
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郭正龙
刘大勇
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JIANGSU ZHONGYANG GROUP CO Ltd
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JIANGSU ZHONGYANG GROUP CO Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention provides an ecological factorial breeding method of coilia ectenes parent fish. The ecological factorial breeding method of the coilia ectenes parent fish comprises the following steps: 1) an ecological spawning pond is built; 2) parent fish is selected; 3) the ecological spawning pond is processed; 4) the ecological spawning pond is managed; 5) the breeding is managed. The ecological factorial breeding method of the coilia ectenes parent fish artificially simulates a Yangtze River coilia ectenes breeding migration rule, the parent is provided with an ecological factorial breeding migration environment, by artificially controlling the external conditions of water flow, water temperature, illumination intensity and a period, osmotic pressure and the like, the fresh food intensity is strengthened, the parent is enabled to develop from body maturity to sexual maturity, parent fish can be kept every year, and the sustainable development of coilia ectenes ecological factorial breeding is achieved.

Description

The Application of Artificial Intelligence mating system of a kind of hairtail parent population
Technical field
The present invention relates to the Application of Artificial Intelligence mating system of a kind of hairtail parent population, belong to technical field of aquaculture.
Background technology
existing parent fish rearing adopts outdoor earth pond to cultivate, the quality of parent fish rearing depends on natural environment to a great extent, be difficult to accomplish the controllability of breeding, be unfavorable for cultivating the kind fish of healthy high-quality, after artificial breeding, parent population can very fast injured death in addition, in the situation that nowadays the Changjiang river hairtail wild resource is critically endangered, the hairtail parent fish rearing of this Changjiang river and artificial fecundation method are unfavorable for the sustainable development of the Changjiang river hairtail, need to a kind ofly both can control the parent fish rearing maturity of fish gonads, still can survive after making again the parent population artificial propagation, the artificial breeding that is used for next cycle, therefore the Application of Artificial Intelligence raising technology that needs research hairtail parent population, with problem and the shortcoming of avoiding prior art.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art part, the Application of Artificial Intelligence mating system of a kind of hairtail parent population is provided.
The Application of Artificial Intelligence mating system of hairtail parent population of the present invention comprises the steps:
1) set up ecological spawning pond
Set up an ecological spawning pond, dark 1.5m, wide 28m, long 100m is separated out with 20 purposes soft hurdles net that wherein 1/4 area is as the parent fish rearing pond, and wherein one jiao is equipped with jet pump, and for one side swash of wave water wherein, the control water velocity is 1m/s; Be provided with the bed of laying eggs in the parent fish rearing pond, the described bed of laying eggs comprise one biologic float bed, dried up 0.8-1.0m of described biologic float bed suspension, biologic float bed below place mat the thick fine deposit of 10cm is arranged, the above cultivation has water plants; 3/4 area remaining in ecological spawning pond is as the fry rearing pond; Described ecological spawning pond is cement pool wall of the sandy end, builds the double-layer heat insulation booth on the pond, and water temperature is located at 10-25 ℃.
2) select parent population
Select 3-5 physique in age healthy and strong, the body surface not damaged, fin ray is complete, to external world the parent population of irritant reaction sensitivity, the raun body weight is greater than 150g, and the milter body weight is selected same pedigree greater than 100g 10-November, quality is pure, and healthy parent population 1500 tails are female, male than being 1:2.
3) ecological spawning pond is processed
carry out disinfection to cultivating the pond at the beginning of by the end of September~10 months, with quicklime (75g/m2~100g/m2) or contain bleaching powder (10g/m2~15g/m2) the full pool spilling head sterilization of available chlorine 27%~30%, soak a week, drain the new water of annotating again after pond water, depth of water 1.5m, throw in chlorella and profitable strain, and look algal grown situation applied nitrogen, promote algal grown, cultivated 5~7 days, throw in wheel animalcule to water body, cladocera, cultivated 5~7 days, throw in the Changjiang river freshwater shrimp again in the parent fish rearing pond, oppossum shrimp etc., guarantee that parent population has enough fresh foods to catch, find that biological feed should in time increase the fresh and alive shrimp of throwing when not enough.
4) ecological spawning pond water quality management
Regularly monitored dissolved oxygen, pH value, temperature, ammonia nitrogen, nitroso nitrogen in every 3 days, and kept cultivating the every water quality index of water and meet the breeding condition requirement, according to variation of water, every 5d~6d changes water once, and quantity of exchanged water is 10%~20%.
Temperature adjusting: be down to 15 ℃ from 20 ℃, keep a wheat harvesting period, again from 15 ℃, rise to gradually 20 ℃ in mating season, heat up weekly 2-4 ℃;
The salinity regulation and control: change over to indoor seawater from outdoor fresh water by the end of October and cultivate, salinity progressively raises by 5 ‰, raises 1 ‰ in every 2 days, and salinity is progressively adjusted to 15 ‰, stablizes salinity 20 days, and progressively desalination later on descended 0.5 ‰, and progressively was transitioned into fresh water in every 2 days;
Dissolved oxygen regulation: remain on 7-9mg/L;
PH value regulation and control: remain on 7.5~8.5;
Ammonia nitrogen regulation and control: remain on<0.5mg/L;
Nitroso nitrogen regulation and control: remain on<0.05mg/L;
The flow velocity regulation and control: remain on 1m/s, hasten parturition began to stimulate in front 2 months, the 5h that washes by water every day, and 18h washes by water the front 20 day every day of hastening parturition.
5) breed management
Make regular check on parent fish rearing situation and disease situation, find that the disease fish should in time pull out, turn the pond maintenance, no longer as parent population, after parent population began to lay eggs 3-7 days, utilize light that fry is lured the seedling culture pond, prevent from being eaten by mistake by parent population, parent population in spawning pond for parent fish is transferred to the parent fish rearing pond after parent population begins to lay eggs one month and carried out postpartum and cultivate, the block in spawning pond for parent fish and seedling culture pond is removed, complete the hairtail Application of Artificial Intelligence and breed.
The Application of Artificial Intelligence mating system of hairtail parent population of the present invention, artificial simulation the Changjiang river hairtail breeding migration rule, create the migration environment of an Application of Artificial Intelligence cultivation to the parent, by manual control current, water temperature, intensity of illumination and the external conditions such as cycle, osmotic pressure, strengthening fresh food strengthens, make its parent reach sexual maturity from body maturation, can preserve parent population every year, realized the sustainable development that the hairtail Application of Artificial Intelligence is bred.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the profile of ecological spawning pond.
Wherein, 1 is the parent fish rearing pond, and 2 are the fry rearing pond, and 3 be jet pump, and 4 is bio ovum bed, and 5 is 20 purposes softness hurdle nets, and 6 is fine sand.
Embodiment
The Application of Artificial Intelligence mating system of embodiment 1 hairtail parent population
The Application of Artificial Intelligence mating system of the hairtail parent population of the present embodiment comprises the steps:
1) set up ecological spawning pond
Set up an ecological spawning pond, as shown in Figure 1, dark 1.5m, wide 28m, long 100m is separated out wherein 1/4 area as the parent fish rearing pond with 20 purposes soft hurdles nets, therein one jiao of jet pump that a 0.75KW is installed, be used for one side swash of wave water wherein, controlling water velocity by angular adjustment is 1m/s; Be provided with the bed of laying eggs in the parent fish rearing pond, the described bed of laying eggs comprise one biologic float bed, dried up 0.8-1.0m of described biologic float bed suspension, biologic float bed below place mat the thick fine deposit of 10cm is arranged, the above cultivation has water plants; 3/4 area remaining in ecological spawning pond is as the fry rearing pond; Described ecological spawning pond is cement pool wall of the sandy end, builds the double-layer heat insulation booth on the pond, and water temperature is located at 10-25 ℃.
2) select parent population
Select 3-5 physique in age healthy and strong, the body surface not damaged, fin ray is complete, to external world the parent population of irritant reaction sensitivity, the raun body weight is greater than 150g, and the milter body weight is selected same pedigree greater than 100g 10-November, quality is pure, and healthy parent population 1500 tails are female, male than being 1:2.
3) ecological spawning pond is processed
Carry out disinfection to cultivating the pond at the beginning of by the end of September~10 months, with quicklime (75g/m2~100g/m2) or contain bleaching powder (10g/m2~15g/m2) the full pool spilling head sterilization of available chlorine 27%~30%, soak a week, drain the new water of annotating again after pond water, depth of water 1.5m, throw in chlorella and profitable strain, and look algal grown situation applied nitrogen, and promote algal grown, cultivated 5~7 days, throw in wheel animalcule, cladocera to water body, cultivated 5~7 days.Throw in the Changjiang river freshwater shrimp, oppossum shrimp etc. again in the parent fish rearing pond, guarantee that parent population has enough fresh foods to catch, find that biological feed should in time increase when not enough to throw fresh and alive shrimp.
4) ecological spawning pond water quality management
Regularly monitored dissolved oxygen, pH value, temperature, ammonia nitrogen, nitroso nitrogen in every 3 days, and kept cultivating the every water quality index of water and meet the breeding condition requirement, according to variation of water, every 5d~6d changes water once, and quantity of exchanged water is 10%~20%.
Temperature adjusting: be down to 15 ℃ from 20 ℃, keep a wheat harvesting period, again from 15 ℃, rise to gradually 20 ℃ in mating season, heat up weekly 2-4 ℃;
The salinity regulation and control: change over to indoor seawater from outdoor fresh water by the end of October and cultivate, salinity progressively raises by 5 ‰, raises 1 ‰ in every 2 days, and salinity is progressively adjusted to 15 ‰, stablizes salinity 20 days, and progressively desalination later on descended 0.5 ‰, and progressively was transitioned into fresh water in every 2 days;
Dissolved oxygen regulation: remain on 7-9mg/L;
PH value regulation and control: remain on 7.5~8.5;
Ammonia nitrogen regulation and control: remain on<0.5mg/L;
Nitroso nitrogen regulation and control: remain on<0.05mg/L;
The flow velocity regulation and control: remain on 1m/s, hasten parturition began to stimulate in front 2 months, the 5h that washes by water every day, and 18h washes by water the front 20 day every day of hastening parturition.
5) breed management
Make regular check on parent fish rearing situation and disease situation, find that the disease fish should in time pull out, turn the pond maintenance, no longer as parent population, after parent population began to lay eggs 3-7 days, utilize light that fry is lured the seedling culture pond, prevent from being eaten by mistake by parent population, parent population in spawning pond for parent fish is transferred to the parent fish rearing pond after parent population begins to lay eggs one month and carried out postpartum and cultivate, the block in spawning pond for parent fish and seedling culture pond is removed, complete the hairtail Application of Artificial Intelligence and breed.
Effect analysis:
cultivate 500 tail rauns and 1000 tail milters by method of the present invention, therefrom optimize 100 tail rauns and 150 tail milters are hastened parturition, putting into former pond after oxytocin injection lays eggs, increased water flow stimulates, after 30 hours, a large amount of hairtails begin to sail against the current, begin spawning and fertilization after 48 hours, in 20 ℃ of left and right of water temperature, 2 days afterwards just can membrane, because the quantity that every tail hairtail lays eggs is inconsistent, spawning rate in large water body, fertilization rate, incubation rate and the quantity of emerging can only adopt the ratio in unit of water body to add up, the quantity of statistics can only be overall with the part representative, statistical magnitude sees the following form.
Table: the Application of Artificial Intelligence of hairtail parent population is bred the correction data statistics with artificial propagation techniques
conclusion: method of the present invention does not directly force the hairtail parent population to breed by the artificial ovum semen collection method of squeezing, to reduce the operating process of hairtail " dried up namely dead ", but intending under natural ecological environment, use current, temperature, dissolved oxygen, the Water Factors such as illumination change, be that parent population is created good egg-laying environment with specific facilities, allow the parent population natural spawning breed, although spawning rate, fertilization rate, incubation rate reaches to such an extent that seedling quantity is all lower slightly than artificial propagation, but use the Changjiang river hairtail parent population survival rate of this invention more than 65%, the survival parent population can carry out the breeding of 3-4 time within its sexual maturing period, and the parent population lethality 100% of artificial breeding, in many realistic problems such as hairtail parent population source difficulty and cultivation difficulty, adopt this invention to realizing the sustainable development of hairtail industry, very positive meaning to be arranged.

Claims (1)

1. the Application of Artificial Intelligence mating system of a hairtail parent population, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
1) set up ecological spawning pond
Set up an ecological spawning pond, dark 1.5m, wide 28m, long 100m is separated out with 20 purposes soft hurdles net that wherein 1/4 area is as the parent fish rearing pond, and wherein one jiao is equipped with jet pump, and for one side swash of wave water wherein, the control water velocity is 1m/s; Be provided with the bed of laying eggs in the parent fish rearing pond, the described bed of laying eggs comprise one biologic float bed, dried up 0.8-1.0m of described biologic float bed suspension, biologic float bed below place mat the thick fine deposit of 10cm is arranged, the above cultivation has water plants; 3/4 area remaining in ecological spawning pond is as the fry rearing pond; Described ecological spawning pond is cement pool wall of the sandy end, builds the double-layer heat insulation booth on the pond, and water temperature is located at 10-25 ℃;
2) select parent population
Select 3-5 physique in age healthy and strong, the body surface not damaged, fin ray is complete, to external world the parent population of irritant reaction sensitivity, the raun body weight is greater than 150g, and the milter body weight is selected same pedigree greater than 100g 10-November, quality is pure, and healthy parent population 1500 tails are female, male than being 1:2;
3) ecological spawning pond is processed
carry out disinfection to cultivating the pond at the beginning of by the end of September~10 months, with quicklime (75g/m2~100g/m2) or contain bleaching powder (10g/m2~15g/m2) the full pool spilling head sterilization of available chlorine 27%~30%, soak a week, drain the new water of annotating again after pond water, depth of water 1.5m, throw in chlorella and profitable strain, and look algal grown situation applied nitrogen, promote algal grown, cultivated 5~7 days, throw in wheel animalcule to water body, cladocera, cultivated 5~7 days, throw in the Changjiang river freshwater shrimp again in the parent fish rearing pond, oppossum shrimp etc., guarantee that parent population has enough fresh foods to catch, find that biological feed should in time increase the fresh and alive shrimp of throwing when not enough,
4) ecological spawning pond water quality management
Regularly monitored dissolved oxygen, pH value, temperature, ammonia nitrogen, nitroso nitrogen in every 3 days, and kept cultivating the every water quality index of water and meet the breeding condition requirement, according to variation of water, every 5d~6d changes water once, and quantity of exchanged water is 10%~20%;
Temperature adjusting: be down to 15 ℃ from 20 ℃, keep a wheat harvesting period, again from 15 ℃, rise to gradually 20 ℃ in mating season, heat up weekly 2-4 ℃;
The salinity regulation and control: change over to indoor seawater from outdoor fresh water by the end of October and cultivate, salinity progressively raises by 5 ‰, raises 1 ‰ in every 2 days, and salinity is progressively adjusted to 15 ‰, stablizes salinity 20 days, and progressively desalination later on descended 0.5 ‰, and progressively was transitioned into fresh water in every 2 days;
Dissolved oxygen regulation: remain on 7-9mg/L;
PH value regulation and control: remain on 7.5~8.5;
Ammonia nitrogen regulation and control: remain on<0.5 mg/L;
Nitroso nitrogen regulation and control: remain on<0.05 mg/L;
The flow velocity regulation and control: remain on 1m/s, hasten parturition began to stimulate in front 2 months, the 5h that washes by water every day, and 18h washes by water the front 20 day every day of hastening parturition;
5) breed management
Make regular check on parent fish rearing situation and disease situation, find that the disease fish should in time pull out, turn the pond maintenance, no longer as parent population, after parent population began to lay eggs 3-7 days, utilize light that fry is lured the seedling culture pond, prevent from being eaten by mistake by parent population, parent population in spawning pond for parent fish is transferred to the parent fish rearing pond after parent population begins to lay eggs one month and carried out postpartum and cultivate, the block in spawning pond for parent fish and seedling culture pond is removed, complete the hairtail Application of Artificial Intelligence and breed.
?
CN201310098248.1A 2013-03-25 2013-03-25 Ecological factorial breeding method of coilia ectenes parent fish Active CN103125416B (en)

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CN103404472A (en) * 2013-08-29 2013-11-27 江苏中洋集团股份有限公司 Industrialized ecological cultivation method of ribbonfish
CN103404462A (en) * 2013-08-20 2013-11-27 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Method for cultivating fries of coilia ectenes in soil pond
CN103404466A (en) * 2013-08-23 2013-11-27 江苏中洋集团股份有限公司 Ecological cultivation mode capable of simulating river-sea migration of Yangtze coilianasus
CN103444608A (en) * 2013-09-12 2013-12-18 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Reproductive regulation method of wolf eel parents
CN103719006A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-04-16 上海市水产研究所 Method for improving survival rate of coilia ectenes parents during artificial breeding period
CN103891657A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-07-02 江苏中洋集团股份有限公司 Natural propagation method for coilia ectenes
CN107125169A (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-09-05 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 A kind of temperature adjusting method of silvery pomfret parent reinforced cultivating
CN107306861A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-11-03 舒城县万佛湖渔业总公司 A kind of biological feed feeds the cultural method of fish seedling
CN107736280A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-02-27 安徽金阳光农业服务有限公司 A kind of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco parent population reinforced cultivating and biological control technology
CN109362627A (en) * 2018-09-17 2019-02-22 水利部交通运输部国家能源局南京水利科学研究院 Large-scale tank temperature control system and method for parent population oviposition

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Cited By (17)

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CN103404462B (en) * 2013-08-20 2014-11-26 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Method for cultivating fries of coilia ectenes in soil pond
CN103404462A (en) * 2013-08-20 2013-11-27 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Method for cultivating fries of coilia ectenes in soil pond
CN103404466A (en) * 2013-08-23 2013-11-27 江苏中洋集团股份有限公司 Ecological cultivation mode capable of simulating river-sea migration of Yangtze coilianasus
CN103404466B (en) * 2013-08-23 2015-01-28 江苏中洋集团股份有限公司 Ecological cultivation mode capable of simulating river-sea migration of Yangtze coilianasus
CN103404472B (en) * 2013-08-29 2015-04-15 江苏中洋集团股份有限公司 Industrialized ecological cultivation method of ribbonfish
CN103404472A (en) * 2013-08-29 2013-11-27 江苏中洋集团股份有限公司 Industrialized ecological cultivation method of ribbonfish
CN103444608A (en) * 2013-09-12 2013-12-18 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Reproductive regulation method of wolf eel parents
CN103444608B (en) * 2013-09-12 2015-02-04 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Reproductive regulation method of wolf eel parents
CN103719006A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-04-16 上海市水产研究所 Method for improving survival rate of coilia ectenes parents during artificial breeding period
CN103719006B (en) * 2014-01-21 2017-06-06 上海市水产研究所 A kind of method for improving knife long-tailed anchovy parent survival rate during artificial breeding
CN103891657A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-07-02 江苏中洋集团股份有限公司 Natural propagation method for coilia ectenes
CN103891657B (en) * 2014-04-14 2016-03-23 江苏中洋集团股份有限公司 A kind of cutter long-tailed anchovy natural propagation method
CN107125169A (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-09-05 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 A kind of temperature adjusting method of silvery pomfret parent reinforced cultivating
CN107306861A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-11-03 舒城县万佛湖渔业总公司 A kind of biological feed feeds the cultural method of fish seedling
CN107736280A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-02-27 安徽金阳光农业服务有限公司 A kind of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco parent population reinforced cultivating and biological control technology
CN109362627A (en) * 2018-09-17 2019-02-22 水利部交通运输部国家能源局南京水利科学研究院 Large-scale tank temperature control system and method for parent population oviposition
CN109362627B (en) * 2018-09-17 2020-08-11 水利部交通运输部国家能源局南京水利科学研究院 Large-scale water tank temperature control system and method for parent fish spawning experiment

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