CN103125345A - Underground drip irrigation system pipe network suitable for agricultural machinery operation - Google Patents

Underground drip irrigation system pipe network suitable for agricultural machinery operation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103125345A
CN103125345A CN2011103914491A CN201110391449A CN103125345A CN 103125345 A CN103125345 A CN 103125345A CN 2011103914491 A CN2011103914491 A CN 2011103914491A CN 201110391449 A CN201110391449 A CN 201110391449A CN 103125345 A CN103125345 A CN 103125345A
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China
Prior art keywords
drip irrigation
pipe network
underground drip
irrigation system
agricultural machinery
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Application number
CN2011103914491A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103125345B (en
Inventor
门旗
王栋
王冲
谢永生
战国隆
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GANSU DAYU WATER-SAVING GROUP Co Ltd
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GANSU DAYU WATER-SAVING GROUP Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201110391449.1A priority Critical patent/CN103125345B/en
Publication of CN103125345A publication Critical patent/CN103125345A/en
Application granted granted Critical
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Abstract

The invention relates to an underground drip irrigation system pipe network suitable for agricultural machinery operation. The underground drip irrigation system pipe network suitable for the agricultural machinery operation comprises a water source, capillaries, main pipes and branch pipes, wherein the main pipes and the branch pipes are arranged along the planting direction. The water source enters into the main pipes through a head filtering fertilizing system. A plurality of hydrants are evenly distributed on the main pipes and connected with the branch pipe through the plurality of hydrants. Vacuum valves and vent valves are installed on the branch pipes. A plurality of capillaries are evenly distributed on the vertical direction of the branch pipes. The underground drip irrigation system pipe network suitable for the agricultural machinery operation is characterized in that the capillaries are arranged along the direction of planting, the tail ends of the capillaries are connected with water collecting pipes, and the water collecting pipes are respectively provided with the vent valves and the vacuum valves. The underground drip irrigation system pipe network suitable for the agricultural machinery operation breaks the manner that the capillaries are used for irrigating along the crop planting direction in a normal underground drip irrigation design. The underground drip irrigation system pipe network suitable for the agricultural machinery operation utilizes the manner that the capillaries are paved perpendicular to crop planting to implement irrigation. The underground main pipes and the branch pipes are paved along the planting direction so that agronomic measures of intertillage and the like can be implemented conveniently. The underground drip irrigation system pipe network suitable for the agricultural machinery operation can bring convenience to corresponding harvest at the late stage.

Description

The underground drip irrigation system pipe network that is fit to agricultural mechanical operation
Technical field
The present invention relates to the underground drip irrigation field, relate in particular to the underground drip irrigation system pipe network that is fit to agricultural mechanical operation.
Background technology
Underground drip irrigation is a kind of new and effective water-saving irrigation technique that development forms on the day by day perfect basis of drip irrigation technique, be a kind of water-saving irrigation technique the most efficiently of generally acknowledging on our times, it can make crop yield and water use efficiency reach simultaneously optimum.Underground drip irrigation refers to that water slowly goes out stream by the irrigator on buried hollow billet, and near the soil entering to be seeped into relends a kind of localized irrigation mode that helps capillarity or Action of Gravity Field that moisture diffusion is absorbed for crop to whole layer.be characterized in comparing with other irrigation technique, do not produce rainwash, reduced the water content of topsoil, a near and loss that between having reduced, evaporation brings, in the situation that correct the use, can effectively control deep percolation, and the earth's surface is dry, be unfavorable for the germination of weeds, can reduce weed growth, less to the soil structure disturbance in the process of pouring water, not because of the wash away destruction with soil structures of surface irrigation to soil, be conducive to keep the root of the crop layer penetrating environmental condition of loosening, improved improving activity of root system, reduced the generation of fungal disease in soil, effectively checked owing to irrigating the excessive spot disease that causes, be conducive to plant growth, especially adopt technique can avoid the Various Diseases insect pest that causes because of moist in the greenhouse, the water of irrigating simultaneously, fertilizer, medicine etc. can be delivered directly to crop root zone by being embedded in underground hollow billet and irrigator, and the utmost point is beneficial to plant absorbing, has reduced the pollution to soil and groundwater, can regulate and control simultaneously, guide plant root growth, the fruit tree root system is grown to deep layer, avoid freezing to death winter, the frostbite root system, effectively reduced leaching and the volatilization loss of surface evaporation and the fertilizer of moisture, improved water, fertile utilization ratio, had that obvious water saving, joint are fertile, yield increase effect, comparable drip surface water saving 30~50%.Because irrigation water directly enters the root system soil layer, the earth's surface can not form salt accumulation, produces salt crust; In addition, after the field water-carriage system of underground drip irrigation is buried, avoided artificial or wildlife destruction and ultraviolet radiation and day and night temperature to change the facility that causes aging, extended service life, and can prevent destruction and the loss of pipeline; Can reduce field management labour intensity, save administrative expenses, be convenient to again mechanical farm work; Underground drip irrigation can low discharge, low water head work, has saved operating cost and the energy.Due to these obvious advantages of underground drip irrigation technique, make underground drip irrigation technique obtain using more and more widely, in today of water resource worsening shortages, make it begin to be subject to the increasing concern of people and pay attention to.Its service object is the most common with economic crops, focuses mostly on fruit tree, vegetables and other Peak output crop, and also begin to adopt technique in field crop.In the drip irrigation system design, usually adopt hollow billet to irrigate along the mode of the capable laying of crop-planting, arm is capable perpendicular to crop-planting.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide the underground drip irrigation system pipe network of the suitable agricultural mechanical operation of a kind of enforcement that facilitates agronomic measures and mechanical harvest.
For addressing the above problem, the underground drip irrigation system pipe network of suitable agricultural mechanical operation of the present invention comprises water source, hollow billet and the supervisor, the arm that arrange along the plantation direction; Described water source filters fertilization system by stem and enters described supervisor; Be evenly equipped with several hydrants on described supervisor, and be connected with described arm by these several hydrants; Described arm is provided with vacuum valve and air bleeding valve, is evenly equipped with several described hollow billets along its vertical direction, it is characterized in that: described hollow billet is along arranging perpendicular to described plantation direction; The end of described hollow billet is connected with collector pipe, is respectively equipped with air bleeding valve, described vacuum valve on this collector pipe.
Described supervisor and described arm be arranged in parallel.
The present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, the present invention breaks the normal procedure in underground drip irrigation design hollow billet along the capable mode of irrigating of crop-planting, and the laying of employing hollow billet is perpendicular to the capable mode of irrigating of crop-planting, and the laying that makes Main Underground, arm is along the crop-planting direction, thereby be convenient to the agronomic measures such as intertillage, brought facility also for the results in corresponding later stage.
2, the present invention is in the situation that frozen soil layer is more shallow, and underground drip irrigation master, arm take the shallow embedding mode to lay, the mark mark, can reduce or when avoiding mechanical cultivation to the destruction of pipe network.
3, the present invention is easy to use, is specially adapted to no-tillage crop, as clover, rape etc.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
In figure: 1-hollow billet 2-arm 3-vacuum valve 4-hydrant 5-supervisor 6-air bleeding valve 7-collector pipe 8-kind is planted direction 9-stem and is filtered fertilization system 10-water source.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, be fit to the underground drip irrigation system pipe network of agricultural mechanical operation, comprise that water source 10, edge are perpendicular to the hollow billet 1 of plantation direction 8 settings and supervisor 5, the arm 2 of edge plantation direction 8 settings.
Water source 10 filters fertilization system 9 by stem and enters supervisor 5; Be evenly equipped with several hydrants 4 on supervisor 5, and be connected with arm 2 by these several hydrants 4; Arm 2 is provided with vacuum valve 3 and air bleeding valve 6, is evenly equipped with several hollow billets 1 along its vertical direction; The end of hollow billet 1 is connected with collector pipe 7, is respectively equipped with air bleeding valve 6, vacuum valve 3 on this collector pipe 7; Supervisor 5 be arranged in parallel with arm 2.
In the situation that frozen soil layer is more shallow, supervisor 5, arm 2 takes the shallow embedding mode to lay, the mark mark, can reduce or when avoiding mechanical cultivation to the destruction of pipe network.

Claims (2)

1. be fit to the underground drip irrigation system pipe network of agricultural mechanical operation, comprise water source (10), hollow billet (1) and the supervisor (5), the arm (2) that arrange along plantation direction (8); Described water source (10) filters fertilization system (9) by stem and enters described supervisor (5); Be evenly equipped with several hydrants (4) on described supervisor (5), and be connected with described arm (2) by these several hydrants (4); Described arm (2) is provided with vacuum valve (3) and air bleeding valve (6), is evenly equipped with several described hollow billets (1) along its vertical direction, it is characterized in that: described hollow billet (1) is along arranging perpendicular to described plantation direction (8); The end of described hollow billet (1) is connected with collector pipe (7), is respectively equipped with air bleeding valve (6), described vacuum valve (3) on this collector pipe (7).
2. the underground drip irrigation system pipe network of suitable agricultural mechanical operation as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described supervisor (5) be arranged in parallel with described arm (2).
CN201110391449.1A 2011-11-30 2011-11-30 Be applicable to the underground drip irrigation system pipe network of agricultural mechanical operation Active CN103125345B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110391449.1A CN103125345B (en) 2011-11-30 2011-11-30 Be applicable to the underground drip irrigation system pipe network of agricultural mechanical operation

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110391449.1A CN103125345B (en) 2011-11-30 2011-11-30 Be applicable to the underground drip irrigation system pipe network of agricultural mechanical operation

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CN103125345A true CN103125345A (en) 2013-06-05
CN103125345B CN103125345B (en) 2015-09-02

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104160923A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-11-26 桐城市牯牛背农业开发有限公司 Water-saving vegetation planting frame
CN109566281A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-04-05 大禹节水(天津)有限公司 A kind of alfalfa border irrigation implantation methods

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101663983A (en) * 2009-09-30 2010-03-10 鲁东大学 Aeration underground drip irrigation system
CN201618637U (en) * 2010-01-22 2010-11-03 山东华野机械科技有限公司 Intelligent drip irrigation system
CN101904291A (en) * 2010-07-19 2010-12-08 北京润郁丰灌溉技术有限公司 Underground areal alternate infiltrating irrigation system for large-land fruit trees and infiltrating irrigation method thereof
CN201826288U (en) * 2010-10-19 2011-05-11 张汝栋 Ecological water circulating system of lawn
CN202340554U (en) * 2011-11-30 2012-07-25 甘肃大禹节水集团股份有限公司 Subsurface drip irrigation system pipe network suitable for agricultural machinery operation

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101663983A (en) * 2009-09-30 2010-03-10 鲁东大学 Aeration underground drip irrigation system
CN201618637U (en) * 2010-01-22 2010-11-03 山东华野机械科技有限公司 Intelligent drip irrigation system
CN101904291A (en) * 2010-07-19 2010-12-08 北京润郁丰灌溉技术有限公司 Underground areal alternate infiltrating irrigation system for large-land fruit trees and infiltrating irrigation method thereof
CN201826288U (en) * 2010-10-19 2011-05-11 张汝栋 Ecological water circulating system of lawn
CN202340554U (en) * 2011-11-30 2012-07-25 甘肃大禹节水集团股份有限公司 Subsurface drip irrigation system pipe network suitable for agricultural machinery operation

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
姚振宪等: "《滴灌设备与滴灌系统规划设计》", 31 December 1999, article "滴灌设备与滴灌系统规划设计" *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104160923A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-11-26 桐城市牯牛背农业开发有限公司 Water-saving vegetation planting frame
CN109566281A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-04-05 大禹节水(天津)有限公司 A kind of alfalfa border irrigation implantation methods

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