CN103116996B - Tunnel illumination and security system - Google Patents

Tunnel illumination and security system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103116996B
CN103116996B CN201310028843.8A CN201310028843A CN103116996B CN 103116996 B CN103116996 B CN 103116996B CN 201310028843 A CN201310028843 A CN 201310028843A CN 103116996 B CN103116996 B CN 103116996B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tunnel
vehicle
signal lamp
sensor
warning horn
Prior art date
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CN201310028843.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103116996A (en
Inventor
许平
任潜洋
姚曙光
梁习锋
陈柯冰
袁隽
刘群丽
宋博
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中南大学
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Priority to CN201310028843.8A priority Critical patent/CN103116996B/en
Publication of CN103116996A publication Critical patent/CN103116996A/en
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Publication of CN103116996B publication Critical patent/CN103116996B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a tunnel illumination and security system which comprises a control center, an illumination system, signal lamps and an indicating alarm. The illumination system comprises everlasting lamps and induction lamps, the everlasting lamps are mounted in an entrance section and an exit section of a tunnel, and the induction lamps are mounted in a middle section of the tunnel; a central processing unit is used as a core of the control center, and the control center is provided with an acquisition analysis module, an execution driving module, a storage unit, an external interface, a power source and a display; a group of sensors is mounted at specified positions of lanes in the tunnel, and electric control portions of the sensors are electrically connected with the acquisition analysis module; and the indicating alarm comprises a sign and alarms, the sign is mounted at an entrance end of the tunnel, and the alarms are mounted at the entrance end of the tunnel and/or the inside of the tunnel. The tunnel illumination and security system has the advantages that the tunnel illumination and security system is simple and reasonable in structure and is intelligent and energy-saving, running conditions of vehicles in the tunnel can be monitored in real time, safety traffic scheduling can be implemented timely, and personal and property loss is prevented or reduced.

Description

A kind of tunnel illumination and security system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of be suitable for the growing up illumination in tunnel and the tunnel illumination of safety guarantee and security system.
Background technology
Along with developing rapidly of China's road traffic construction, the construction scale of vcehicular tunnel and quantity are also increasing, and as long 18.02 kilometers of Qinling Zhongnanshan Mountain vcehicular tunnel list hole, the construction of two-way lane highway standard is pressed in tunnel; 10.5 meters of tunnel clear span, 5 meters of limits for height; 80 kilometers/hour of design speeds, pass through and are approximately about 14 minutes by the time.Substantially be mode kept burning day and night for the illumination in the tunnel of growing up, in the time that vehicle percent of pass is lower, wasted illumination electric energy; Although be provided with signal lamp in tunnel, once the automobile at middle part, tunnel is enclosed the accident of hanging, can not can not show particular location, the vehicle that can not dispatch in time below changes track in time, is more unfavorable for that breakdown lorry enters accident location processing accident.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome deficiency of the prior art, provide a kind of tunnel that is suitable for growing up, that can intelligent control tunnel intraoral illumination light fixture save the energy, can monitor in real time running state of the vehicle tunnel in and make in time tunnel illumination and security system that safe driving is dispatched, can the personal safety of effective guarantee vehicle.
Object of the present invention is achieved by following technical proposals: described system comprises control center, illuminator, signal lamp and instruction warning horn; Described illuminator, signal lamp and instruction warning horn are arranged in the assigned address in tunnel, and their electric control system is all electrically connected with control center; Described illuminator is divided into pilot burner and sense light, and pilot burner is arranged on entrance and the outlet section in tunnel, and sense light is arranged on the stage casing in tunnel; Described control center, taking CPU (central processing unit) as core, configures collection analysis module, Execution driven module, memory, external interface, power supply and display; Track assigned address in described tunnel is installed one group of sensor, and the electric control system of sensor is electrically connected with collection analysis module; Described instruction warning horn comprises direction board and alarm, and direction board is arranged on the inlet end in tunnel, and alarm is arranged in the inlet end and/or tunnel in tunnel; In described memory, special software is installed; When sequence of cars is during through one group of sensor, the Time Calculation that collection analysis module is triggered by neighboring sensors goes out quantity and the average velocity thereof that vehicle passes through and is kept in the database of memory, CPU (central processing unit) compares road speed in real time, according to the break-make of the threshold value control sense light setting in advance and the color of signal lamp, or travel by the voice system instruction vehicle deceleration of instruction warning horn; In the time there is no trigger pip in the time that a certain sensor is being set, system automatic decision has an accident for this track, CPU (central processing unit) keeps the sense light of this sensor settings distance to connect, other vehicle lane changes of color dispatch control by signal lamp are kept straight on or detour, and dispatch other vehicles is that breakdown lorry gives way simultaneously; If when accident causes detouring, closure of a tunnel entrance automatically, the voice system instruction vehicle of instruction warning horn is dredged; Described Execution driven module comprises the display board of lane signal lamp tool switching device shifter, tunnel middle part lighting control device, tunnel portal and alarm, gateway, tunnel lamp control device; The output terminal of described lane signal lamp tool switching device shifter connects the electric control system of signal lamp; The output terminal of middle part, described tunnel lighting control device connects the electric control system of sense light; The display board of described tunnel portal and the output terminal of alarm electrical connection instruction warning horn; The output terminal of gateway, tunnel lamp control device connects the electric control system of pilot burner.
Described collection analysis module comprises that track vehicle is by signal pickup assembly, vehicle speed analyzing unit and vehicle count unit, the input end of the input end of vehicle speed analyzing unit and vehicle count unit is connected in parallel on track vehicle by the output terminal of signal pickup assembly, and the output terminal of the output terminal of vehicle speed analyzing unit and vehicle count unit is all electrically connected with CPU (central processing unit); Described track vehicle is by the sensor input connection of signal pickup assembly.
Several cameras of described system configuration, camera is distributed in tunnel, and camera is electrically connected with CPU (central processing unit); In the time breaking down in tunnel, the voice system of real-time imaging cooperation instruction warning horn directs rescue work vehicle and enters accident location.
Described system configuration setting unit, setting unit is electrically connected with CPU (central processing unit); Setting unit can arrange or revise the interval numerical value being triggered between neighboring sensors, as judging the whether threshold value in hypervelocity, normal or accident of vehicle; Corresponding different threshold value, arranges the response scheme of illuminator, signal lamp and instruction warning horn.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages: simple structure is reasonable, intelligent degree is high, can intelligent control tunnel intraoral illumination light fixture conserve energy, can monitor in real time running state of the vehicle in tunnel and also make in time safe driving scheduling, avoid and reduce the generation of security incident, reduce the loss of personal property.
brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure block diagram of one embodiment of the invention, has omitted camera;
In figure: 1-pilot burner, 2-tunnel, 3-sensor, 4-signal lamp, 5-sense light, 6-indicates warning horn, 7-collection analysis module, 8-Execution driven module. ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described:
With reference to accompanying drawing: described system comprises control center, illuminator, signal lamp 4 and instruction warning horn 6; Described illuminator, signal lamp 4 and instruction warning horn 6 are arranged in the assigned address in tunnel 2, and their electric control system is all electrically connected with control center; Described illuminator is divided into pilot burner 1 and sense light 5, and pilot burner 1 is arranged on entrance and the outlet section in tunnel 2, and sense light 5 is arranged on the stage casing in tunnel 2; Described control center, taking CPU (central processing unit) as core, configures collection analysis module 7, Execution driven module 8, memory, external interface, power supply and display; Track assigned address in described tunnel 2 is installed one group of sensor 3, and the electric control system of sensor 3 is electrically connected with collection analysis module 7; Described instruction warning horn 6 comprises direction board and alarm, and direction board is arranged on the inlet end in tunnel 2, and alarm is arranged in the inlet end and/or tunnel 2 in tunnel 2; In described memory, special software is installed; When sequence of cars is during through one group of sensor 3, the Time Calculation that collection analysis module 7 is triggered by neighboring sensors 3 goes out quantity and the average velocity thereof that vehicle passes through and is kept in the database of memory, CPU (central processing unit) compares road speed in real time, according to the break-make of threshold value control sense light 5 setting in advance and the color of signal lamp 4, or travel by the voice system instruction vehicle deceleration of instruction warning horn 6; In the time there is no trigger pip in the time that a certain sensor 3 is being set, system automatic decision has an accident for this track, CPU (central processing unit) keeps the sense light 5 of these sensor 3 setpoint distances to connect, other vehicle lane changes of color dispatch control by signal lamp 4 are kept straight on or detour, and dispatch other vehicles is that breakdown lorry gives way simultaneously; If when accident causes detouring, closure of a tunnel entrance automatically, the voice system instruction vehicle of instruction warning horn 6 is dredged.
Described collection analysis module 7 comprises that track vehicle is by signal pickup assembly, vehicle speed analyzing unit and vehicle count unit, the input end of the input end of vehicle speed analyzing unit and vehicle count unit is connected in parallel on track vehicle by the output terminal of signal pickup assembly, and the output terminal of the output terminal of vehicle speed analyzing unit and vehicle count unit is all electrically connected with CPU (central processing unit); Described track vehicle is by the sensor input connection 3 of signal pickup assembly.
Described Execution driven module 8 comprises the display board of lane signal lamp tool switching device shifter, tunnel middle part lighting control device, tunnel portal and alarm, gateway, tunnel lamp control device; The output terminal of described lane signal lamp tool switching device shifter connects the electric control system of signal lamp 4; The output terminal of middle part, described tunnel lighting control device connects the electric control system of sense light 5; The display board of described tunnel portal and the output terminal of alarm electrical connection instruction warning horn 6; The output terminal of gateway, tunnel lamp control device connects the electric control system of pilot burner 1.
Several cameras of described system configuration, camera is distributed in tunnel 2, and camera is electrically connected with CPU (central processing unit); In the time breaking down in tunnel 2, the voice system of real-time imaging cooperation instruction warning horn 6 directs rescue work vehicle and enters accident location.
Described system configuration setting unit, setting unit is electrically connected with CPU (central processing unit); Setting unit can arrange or revise the interval numerical value being triggered between neighboring sensors 3, as judging the whether threshold value in hypervelocity, normal or accident of vehicle; Corresponding different threshold value, arranges the response scheme of illuminator, signal lamp 4 and instruction warning horn 6.
In following examples:
Pilot burner 1: the light fixture that adopts prior art.One group leader's bright lamp 1 is arranged in the tunnel of one end distance after tunnel portal, and other group leader's bright lamp 1 is arranged in the tunnel of the segment distance before tunnel exit.The illumination of pilot burner 1 and arrangement length are complied with and secretly comply with usually design arrangement according to people's vision is bright.In order to meet driver's eyes compliance, the pilot burner 1 in the segment distance entering after tunnel portal is made light and shade Transition Design and is arranged.Because driver complies with the time at tunnel exit place very short, common in 1s, the pilot burner 1 in the tunnel of the segment distance before tunnel exit can not made light and shade transition processing.
Tunnel 2: be generally unidirectional two-way traffic.As shown in the dotted line in accompanying drawing.
Sensor 3: adopt the sensor of prior art, as earth shock sensor, infrared ray sensor, photodiode sensor etc.
Signal lamp 4: be red yellowish green trichromatism signal lamp, adopt the red yellowish green trichromatism combined signal lamp of prior art.
Sense light 5: the light fixture that adopts prior art, can be identical with the light fixture of pilot burner 1, different, the switch of sense light 5 obtains switching on power after the trigger pip of sensor 3, in the time that the interval of the trigger pip of sensor 3 exceedes certain setting value, the switch delay cutting power of sense light 5.In other words, sense light 5 is with Time delay switch.For example: be bright according to 100 meters of headstock front with interior illuminating lamp.If the light fixture of sense light 5 is 20 meters, so, before headstock, five continuous sense lights 5 must be bright.
Instruction warning horn 6: only there is direction board, whether unimpeded in demonstration tunnel, there is again alarm, in the time there is connection accident in tunnel, with regard to audible alarm, or sound and light alarm, the location of demonstration accident simultaneously.
Collection analysis module 7: comprise that track vehicle, by signal pickup assembly, vehicle speed analyzing unit and vehicle count unit, all adopts known prior art to design and produce.
Execution driven module 8: comprise the display board of lane signal lamp tool switching device shifter, tunnel middle part lighting control device, tunnel portal and alarm, gateway, tunnel lamp control device, all adopt known prior art to design and produce.
Camera: adopt prior art.According to certain pitch arrangement in tunnel 2.
External interface: adopt prior art.Can be USB interface or Ethernet interface, both can with external unit swap data, can be connected with external network and server again, carry out remote data transmission or real-time displaying scene state.
Setting unit: adopt prior art.Man-machine conversation, carries out parameter setting or amendment to identical.As: the speed of overspeed of vehicle is set, the number that before headstock, sense light 5 is opened, the delay time of sense light 5 power-off, etc.
Embodiment:
The structure of native system is divided into control center, pilot burner 1, sensor 3, signal lamp 4, sense light 5, instruction warning horn 6, camera.Control center is arranged on as main frame in the machine room of duty room, and pilot burner 1, sensor 3, signal lamp 4, sense light 5 and camera are arranged on the interior assigned address in tunnel 2, and instruction warning horn 6 is generally arranged on the porch in tunnel 2.Control center, taking CPU (central processing unit) as core, configures collection analysis module 7, Execution driven module 8, memory, external interface, setting unit, power supply and display; Native system designs and produces assembling according to accompanying drawing 1.Suppose: long 10 kilometers of tunnel, in 200 meters of length after tunnel 2 entrances, arrange pilot burner 1, several 20 meters of each pilot burner 1; In 60 meters of length before tunnel 2 outlets, arrange pilot burner 1, several 20 meters of each pilot burner 1; Sense light 5,20 meters, each sense light 5 interval are installed in the middle part in tunnel 2.Sensor installation 3 in each track in tunnel 2,20 meters, each sensor 3 interval.From the inlet end in tunnel 2, sensor 3 be numbered A1, A2 to An.
Principle of work:
Vehicle enters behind tunnel 2, first trigger the sensor 3 that is numbered A1, the flat signal of height of the sensor 3 of A1 passes to CPU (central processing unit) by collection analysis module 7, middle part, tunnel lighting control device in CPU (central processing unit) instruction Execution driven module 8 is all opened this vehicle front 100 with interior sense light 5, so analogize, sequence of cars triggers and is numbered A2, the A3 sensor 3 to An, and vehicle front ensures that the sense light 5 at least 100 meters is bright all the time.If vehicle fleet size is in saturated in tunnel 2, but while occurring without traffic hazard, the sense light 5 in tunnel 2 is all bright.If just by a car, the sense light 5 in the headstock front of this car will be opened successively every 10 minutes, meanwhile, the sense light 5 at tailstock rear will be extinguished successively, can realize energy-conservation.When the 2nd sensor 3 triggered and start by vehicle, start working in vehicle speed analyzing unit and the vehicle count unit of collection analysis module 7, be triggered and when the mistiming that front sensor 3 is triggered with sensor 3 above, which can calculate the speed of a motor vehicle of this vehicle and this car and is by when front sensor 3; Because the position of each sensor 3 in tunnel 2 determined.When the average velocity that tunnel 2 interior vehicles detected is during higher than certain setting value, show the overspeed of vehicle in tunnel, need voice reminder reduction of speed; When the average velocity that tunnel 2 interior vehicles detected is during lower than certain setting value, show that in tunnel, vehicle is crowded, may be other congestion in road that tunnel 2 exports, notify local traffic police to dredge.While not being triggered within the sensor 3 that A1 is numbered Ax is later being set, indicating that vehicle has arrived or passed through is numbered as A(x-1) sensor 3, may be forced to stop due to fault or accident, as: roadside breakdown, or hang traffic hazard.CPU (central processing unit) instruction Execution driven module 8 by this track from being numbered A(x-1) sensor 3 start till the signal lamp 4 of the entrance in tunnel 2 is all lighted red eye, dispatch other vehicles and walk another one track, abdicate track to breakdown lorry simultaneously.But on this track from be numbered Ax sensor 3 till tunnel exit signal lamp 4 be all greensignal light, can improve like this Negotiation speed.If while all there is roadside breakdown or hang traffic hazard in two tracks, if the sensor of accident spot 3 is all in same position, represent that tunnel can not pass through, take the way of closure of a tunnel, the signal lamp that the porch in Dian Dao tunnel, former capital 2 is engaged in two tracks is all red, instruction warning horn 6 demonstration accident locations, and sound or sound and light alarm.If while all there is roadside breakdown or hang traffic hazard in two tracks, if the sensor of accident spot 3 is not in same position, after vehicle lane change, can pass through, first track of breaking down is red light, and second track of breaking down is amber light flicker.Two accident points are still green to the signal lamp of tunnel exit.In addition, if consider that breakdown lorry reaches the direction of accident spot, now rescue track is set to red light.Video Document in tunnel 2, both can monitor in real time, also can preserve according to the rules rear for future reference.Rescue personnel, can rescue in conjunction with video recording according to the place of report exactly clearly, can dredge as early as possible speed, the loss that minimizing accident causes.The staff of machine room, can propaganda directed to communicate to the vehicle of advancing in tunnel 2 in conjunction with video recording, safe driving when commanding them to give way to breakdown lorry.

Claims (5)

1. tunnel illumination and a security system, described system comprises control center, illuminator, signal lamp (4) and instruction warning horn (6); Described illuminator, signal lamp (4) and instruction warning horn (6) are arranged in the assigned address of tunnel (2), and their electric control system is all electrically connected with control center; It is characterized in that: described illuminator is divided into pilot burner (1) and sense light (5), and pilot burner (1) is arranged on entrance and the outlet section in tunnel (2), and sense light (5) is arranged on the stage casing of tunnel (2); Described control center, taking CPU (central processing unit) as core, configures collection analysis module (7), Execution driven module (8), memory, external interface, power supply and display; Track assigned address in described tunnel (2) is installed one group of sensor (3), and the electric control system of sensor (3) is electrically connected with collection analysis module (7); Described instruction warning horn (6) comprises direction board and alarm, and direction board is arranged on the inlet end of tunnel (2), and alarm is arranged in the inlet end and/or tunnel (2) in tunnel (2); In described memory, special software is installed; When sequence of cars is during through one group of sensor (3), the Time Calculation that collection analysis module (7) is triggered by neighboring sensors (3) goes out quantity and the average velocity thereof that vehicle passes through and is kept in the database of memory, CPU (central processing unit) compares road speed in real time, according to the color of the break-make of the threshold value control sense light (5) setting in advance and signal lamp (4), or travel by the voice system instruction vehicle deceleration of instruction warning horn (6); In the time there is no trigger pip in the time that a certain sensor (3) is being set, system automatic decision has an accident for this track, CPU (central processing unit) keeps the sense light (5) of this sensor (3) setpoint distance to connect, other vehicle lane changes of color dispatch control by signal lamp (4) are kept straight on or detour, and dispatch other vehicles is that breakdown lorry gives way simultaneously; If when accident causes detouring, closure of a tunnel entrance automatically, the voice system instruction vehicle of instruction warning horn (6) is dredged; Described Execution driven module (8) comprises the display board of lane signal lamp tool switching device shifter, tunnel middle part lighting control device, tunnel portal and alarm, gateway, tunnel lamp control device; The output terminal of described lane signal lamp tool switching device shifter connects the electric control system of signal lamp (4); The output terminal of middle part, described tunnel lighting control device connects the electric control system of sense light (5); The display board of described tunnel portal and the output terminal of alarm electrical connection instruction warning horn (6); The output terminal of gateway, tunnel lamp control device connects the electric control system of pilot burner (1).
2. system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described collection analysis module (7) comprises that track vehicle is by signal pickup assembly, vehicle speed analyzing unit and vehicle count unit, the input end of the input end of vehicle speed analyzing unit and vehicle count unit is connected in parallel on track vehicle by the output terminal of signal pickup assembly, and the output terminal of the output terminal of vehicle speed analyzing unit and vehicle count unit is all electrically connected with CPU (central processing unit); Described track vehicle is by the sensor input connection (3) of signal pickup assembly.
3. system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: several cameras of described system configuration, and camera is distributed in tunnel (2), and camera is electrically connected with CPU (central processing unit); In the time breaking down in tunnel (2), the voice system of real-time imaging cooperation instruction warning horn (6) directs rescue work vehicle and enters accident location.
4. system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described system configuration setting unit, and setting unit is electrically connected with CPU (central processing unit); Setting unit can arrange or revise the interval numerical value being triggered between neighboring sensors (3), as judging the whether threshold value in hypervelocity, normal or accident of vehicle; Corresponding different threshold value, arranges illuminator, signal lamp (4) and indicates the response scheme of warning horn (6).
5. system according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described system configuration setting unit, and setting unit is electrically connected with CPU (central processing unit); Setting unit can arrange or revise the interval numerical value being triggered between neighboring sensors (3), as judging the whether threshold value in hypervelocity, normal or accident of vehicle; Corresponding different threshold value, arranges illuminator, signal lamp (4) and indicates the response scheme of warning horn (6).
CN201310028843.8A 2013-01-25 2013-01-25 Tunnel illumination and security system CN103116996B (en)

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