CN103115602A - Mining subsidence monitoring information mobile acquisition terminal system and acquisition method thereof - Google Patents

Mining subsidence monitoring information mobile acquisition terminal system and acquisition method thereof Download PDF

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CN103115602A
CN103115602A CN2013100041558A CN201310004155A CN103115602A CN 103115602 A CN103115602 A CN 103115602A CN 2013100041558 A CN2013100041558 A CN 2013100041558A CN 201310004155 A CN201310004155 A CN 201310004155A CN 103115602 A CN103115602 A CN 103115602A
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data
information
module
monitoring information
portable electronic
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CN2013100041558A
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余学祥
吕伟才
柯福阳
赵兴旺
王新志
张美微
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安徽理工大学
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Abstract

The invention relates to a mining subsidence monitoring information mobile acquisition terminal system and an acquisition method of the mining subsidence monitoring information mobile acquisition terminal system. The mining subsidence monitoring information mobile acquisition terminal system is applied to a portable electronic device which is electrically connected with a measuring module. The mining subsidence monitoring information mobile acquisition terminal system achieves data collection of the measuring module, obtains data information and conducts data processing on the data information. The mining subsidence monitoring information mobile acquisition terminal system comprises a research module which is used for collecting the data information of a measurer, a data module which is used for storing the data information and a transport module which is used for transporting the data information to the potable electronic equipment, and the portable electronic equipment deals with the data. The mining subsidence monitoring information mobile acquisition terminal system and the acquisition method of the mining subsidence monitoring information mobile acquisition terminal system have the advantages of achieving high precision, rapid real-time measurement and real-time data transportation of surface movement deformation information in an exploitation process and therefore guaranteeing accuracy, reliability and real-time of the movement deformation information. The invention further relates to the acquisition method of the mining subsidence monitoring information mobile acquisition terminal system.

Description

矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统及其采集方法 Mobile mining subsidence monitoring information collection terminal system and method for collecting

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于信息采集与处理分析领域,具体地说是一种矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统及该系统的采集方法。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of information collection and analysis process, particularly a process for collecting information of the mobile mining subsidence monitoring terminal system and said collection system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着采煤技术的不断提高,采煤活动的不断加剧,开采沉陷对环境已造成巨大危害。 [0002] With the continuous improvement of mining technology, intensified coal mining activities, mining subsidence has caused great harm to the environment. 开采沉陷是地质灾害的表现形式之一,是指由于地下挖掘形成空间,造成上部岩土层在自重作用下失稳而引起的地面塌陷现象。 Mining subsidence is one of the manifestations of geological disasters, is due to underground mining space is formed, causing the upper layer of rock and soil instability caused by ground subsidence phenomenon under its own weight. 煤炭资源开采在对国民经济发展发挥巨大推动作用的同时,也对矿区生态环境安全带来严重负面影响,如造成地表大面积塌陷、大量耕地和建构筑物的破坏,加剧了水土流失和土地荒漠化进程。 Exploitation of coal resources at the same time to play a huge role in promoting national economic development, but also bring mine ecological environment security serious negative effects, such as causing a large area of ​​ground subsidence, extensive damage to arable land and building structures, exacerbated soil erosion and desertification process . 为满足煤矿安全开展建筑物下、水体下、铁路下等“三下”采煤工作的需要,为安全、合理地留设保护煤柱、解放压煤量、节约煤炭资源,为合理、妥善安排采动区上方村庄搬迁时间和顺序,为恢复与重建矿区生态环境,必须建立开采沉陷监测地表移动观测站,以通过重复性的数据采集、处理和分析来掌握开采沉陷引起的地表移动变形特征与规律,提供类似地质采矿条件下的准确可靠的地表移动变形参数,为开采沉陷预测和预报提供基础资料。 To meet the coal mine safety carried out under buildings, water bodies, under the railway and other "three times" require coal mining work, safe, reasonably leaving in protective pillar, press the liberation of coal, coal resources conservation, is reasonable, proper arrangements upper village mining area order and time of the relocation as a mining environment restoration and reconstruction, must be established to monitor ground subsidence mobile stations, in order to grasp the ground movement and deformation characteristics caused by mining subsidence repetitive data collection, processing and analysis law, provide accurate and reliable movement of the deformation parameters of subsurface geological and mining conditions analogous to provide basic data for the prediction and prediction subsidence. 传统的煤矿开采沉陷监测数据采集通过建立观测站,采用全站仪以及水准仪进行定期观测,不仅方法单一、手段落后,而且效率低、信息化程度低,需要消耗大量的人力、物力和财力,不能保证移动变形信息的准确性、可靠性和实时性。 The traditional coal mining subsidence monitoring data collected through the establishment of observatories, using the total station and leveling regular observation, not just a single method, means backward and inefficient, low level of information, need to consume a lot of manpower, material and financial resources, can not ensure the accuracy, reliability and real-time movement and deformation information.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明为避免上述现有技术所存在的不足之处,提供一种矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统及该系统的采集方法,以实现对开采过程中地表移动变形信息的高精度、快速实时测量、实时数据传输,从而保证移动变形信息的准确性、可靠性和实时性。 [0003] The present invention is to avoid the shortcomings of the prior art described above is present, there is provided a mobile mining subsidence monitoring information collection terminal system and a method for the acquisition system in order to achieve high accuracy of the movement and deformation of surface mining process information , fast real-time measurement, real-time data transmission, thus ensuring the accuracy, reliability and real-time movement and deformation information.

[0004] 本发明是这样实现的,一种矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统,其应用于便携式电子装置中,该便携式电子装置与一个测量器电性连接,该便携式电子装置通过该矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统完成对该测量器的数据采集获得数据信息,并对该数据信息进行数据处理,该矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统包括:调查模块,其用于采集该测量模块的数据信息;数据模块,其用于存储该数据信息;传输模块,其用于将该数据信息传输至该便携式电子装置,由该便携式电子装置对该数据进行处理。 [0004] The present invention is achieved in a mobile mining subsidence monitoring information collection system terminal, which is applied to a portable electronic device, the portable electronic device is connected to an electrical measuring device, the portable electronic device through which the mining subsidence of the mobile information collection terminal data acquisition system of the measuring device to obtain data, processes the data and information data, the mobile mining subsidence monitoring information collection terminal system comprising: a survey module for the measurement acquisition module data information; data module, for storing the data; and a transmission module for transmitting the data to the portable electronic device is processed by the data of the portable electronic device.

[0005] 作为上述方案的进一步改进,该便携式电子装置为PDA掌上电脑或笔记本电脑。 [0005] As a further improvement of the above-described embodiment, the portable electronic device is a handheld PDA or laptop.

[0006] 作为上述方案的进一步改进,该测量模块包括全站仪、全球导航定位系统(GNSS)、连续运行参考站系统(CORS)中的至少一种。 [0006] As a further improvement of the above-described embodiment, the measurement module comprises at least one total station, a global navigation positioning system (the GNSS), continuously operating reference station (CORS) in.

[0007] 作为上述方案的进一步改进,该调查模块包括用于获取地表移动变形的实时信息的监测点信息模块和监测线信息模块。 [0007] As a further improvement of the above-described embodiment, the survey module comprises means for obtaining real-time information monitoring point ground movement and deformation of the monitor line information module information module.

[0008] 作为上述方案的进一步改进,该传输模块包括用于发送数据信息的发送数据模块、以及用于接收数据信息的请求数据模块。 [0008] As a further improvement of the above-described embodiment, the transmission module comprises a data transmission module for transmitting data information and a data module for receiving a request for data information. [0009] 作为上述方案的进一步改进,该数据模块包括用于存储的点/线数据的点线数据库、用于数据管理的数据管理模块以及用于数据分析的数据分析模块。 [0009] As a further improvement of the above-described embodiment, the data module comprises a database for storing dot dot lines / data lines, for data management and data management module for data analysis data analysis module.

[0010] 本发明还提供一种矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集方法,其应用于便携式电子装置中,该便携式电子装置与一个测量器电性连接,该便携式电子装置通过该矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端方法完成对该测量器的数据采集获得数据信息,并对该数据信息进行数据处理,该矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端方法包括以下步骤:采集该测量器的数据信息;存储该数据信息;将该数据信息传输至该便携式电子装置,由该便携式电子装置对该数据进行处理。 [0010] The present invention also provides a mobile mining subsidence monitoring information acquisition method, which is applied to a portable electronic device, the portable electronic device is connected to an electrical measuring device, the portable electronic device monitoring information by the mobile mining subsidence collection terminal data acquisition method of measuring the data obtained, the data processing and data information, the mobile mining subsidence monitoring information collection terminal comprising the steps of: collecting information of the data measuring instrument; storing the data ; the data transmitted to the portable electronic device is processed by the data of the portable electronic device.

[0011] 作为上述方案的进一步改进,其还包括以下步骤:获取地表移动变形的实时信息作为该数据信息。 [0011] As a further improvement of the above-described embodiment, further comprising the steps of: obtaining real time information as to the movement and deformation of the surface data.

[0012] 本发明的矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统的有益效果为: [0012] The present invention mining subsidence monitoring information collection terminal system mobile beneficial effects:

[0013] 1、本发明基于PDA、GPS等高精度、高效率的仪器进行测量,建立点线数据信息管理系统,大大节约了人力资源,提高效率,使监测人员可以在短时间内对矿区内所监测的点和线位置、属性等作出快速的回应; [0013] 1, the present invention is based on PDA, GPS and other high-precision, high-efficiency measuring instruments establish point line data management information system, a significant reduction of human resources, improve efficiency, so that in a short time to the monitoring personnel mine the monitoring points and line position, and other attributes to make quick response;

[0014] 2、本发明专为矿区沉陷监测数据采集而设计,也适用于高层建筑物的变形监测,港口、码头、提防变形监测,山体滑坡变形监测等任何与矿区沉陷监测数据采集相关的工作,系统针对移动测量进行了优化,支持多种测量方式(全站仪、数字水准仪、GPS单点、网络RTK),并能够在各种测量环境(包括平原、山村、城市、以及各种恶劣的条件)下长时间正常工作,该系统经过改造升级,还适用于土地调查、地籍测量、林业调查等工作; [0014] 2, the present invention is designed for mine subsidence monitoring data collection and design, but also for deformation monitoring of high-rise buildings, anything to do with mine subsidence monitoring data ports, terminals, beware deformation monitoring, mountain deformation monitoring landslides acquisition related work , mobile measurement system is optimized to support a variety of measurement (total stations, digital levels, GPS single point of network RTK), and the ability to measure a variety of environments (including plain, village, city, and in a variety of harsh under the conditions) for a long time work, after upgrading the system, but also for land survey, cadastral, forestry investigation work;

[0015] 3、本系统以Mobile GIS作为数据采集、管理、分析平台,将PDA、全站仪、GPS等测量设备集成于一体,形成了支持多种测量仪器、多种连接方式、可视性强、数据管理集中及数据传输网络化的信息采集终端系统。 [0015] 3. The system as Mobile GIS data collection, management, analysis platform, the PDA, total station, GPS and other measuring devices to be integrated integrally formed support measuring instruments, a variety of connections, visibility strong, centralized data management and data transmission network of information collection terminal system.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016]图1为本发明第一实施方式提供的矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统的结构示意图。 [0016] FIG. 1 a first embodiment of mining structural diagram provided by way of the mobile monitoring information collection terminal system subsidence of the present invention.

[0017]图2为本发明第二实施方式提供的矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统的结构示意图。 [0017] FIG. 2 provides a second embodiment of mining a schematic structural information of the mobile monitoring system of the collection terminal subsidence of the present invention.

[0018] 图3为图2中Mobile GIS信息采集器的结构示意图。 [0018] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of FIG. 2 in Mobile GIS information collector.

[0019] 图4为图2中矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统流程图。 [0019] FIG 4 FIG 2 is in mining subsidence monitoring information of the mobile terminal collection system flow.

[0020] 主要符号说明:Mobile GIS信息采集器1、便携式电子装置2、测量器3、调查器 [0020] EXPLANATION OF REFERENCE SYMBOLS: Mobile GIS information collector 1, the portable electronic device 2, measuring 3, investigator

4、数据库存储器5、通讯器6、全站仪7、全球导航定位系统(GNSS) 8、连续运行参考站系统(CORS) 9、监测点信息器10、监测线信息器11、PDA掌上电脑12、数字水准仪13、GPS 14、GPS-RTK 15、Mobile GIS信息采集单元16、传输模块17、测量模块18、调查模块19、数据模块20、监测点信息模块21、监测线信息模块22、点线数据库23、数据分析模块24、数据管理模块25、发送数据模块26、请求数据模块27。 4, the database memory 5, the communication 6, 7 total station, Global Navigation System (GNSS) 8, continuously operating reference station (CORS) 9, 10 monitor point information, line information monitoring unit 11, PDA handheld 12 , digital level 13, GPS 14, GPS-RTK 15, Mobile GIS information acquisition unit 16, a transmission module 17, the measurement modules 18, 20, monitoring sites survey module 19, a data module information module 21, the monitor line information module 22, a dotted line database 23, data analysis module 24, a data management module 25, module 26 transmits data, request data module 27.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0021] 为了使本发明的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合附图及实施例,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。 [0021] To make the objectives, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent hereinafter in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail. 应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用以解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。 It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are only intended to illustrate the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention.

[0022] 实施例1 [0022] Example 1

[0023] 请参阅图1,本发明的矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统包括Mobile GIS信息采集器I以及便携式电子装置2。 [0023] Referring to FIG. 1, the present invention mining subsidence monitoring information collection terminal system comprising a mobile information collector Mobile GIS I and the portable electronic device 2. 该Mobile GIS信息采集器I与该便携式电子装置2通过蓝牙或数据线连接该便携式电子装置2将该Mobile GIS信息采集器I的信息显示在该便携式电子装置2上进行分析和保存,实现该便携式电子装置2对该Mobile GIS信息采集器I的可操作性。 Mobile GIS information of the information collector 2 I of the portable electronic device is connected to the portable electronic device 2 through the data cable or a Bluetooth Mobile GIS information acquisition I show analyzed and stored on the portable electronic device 2, the portable achieved the electronic device 2 the Mobile GIS information collector I operability. 该便携式电子装置2可为PDA掌上电脑或笔记本电脑。 The portable electronic device 2 can be handheld or laptop to PDA.

[0024] Mobile GIS信息采集器I包括测量器3、调查器4、数据库存储器5、通讯器6。 [0024] Mobile GIS comprises a measurement information acquisition I 3, 4 investigation, the database memory 5, 6 communication. 测量器3、数据库存储器5分别与调查器4连接,通讯器6的一端与该便携式电子装置2连接,其另一端与该调查器4连接。 Measuring device 3, the database memory 5 are connected to the investigator 4, one end of the communication 6 2 connected to the portable electronic device, which is connected to the other end of the survey 4.

[0025] 该测量器3包含数据采集、图形编辑、信息查询等功能,主要通过全站仪7、数字水准仪(图未示)、GPS (图未示)、GPS-RTK (图未示)等设备采集监测点的位置信息,并存储于PDA中数据库。 [0025] The measuring device 3 comprises a data acquisition, image editing, information query, mainly through 7 total station, digital level (not shown), the GPS (not shown), GPS-RTK (not shown) or the like information collection device location monitoring point, and the database stored in the PDA. 全站仪7、数字水准仪、GPS、GPS-RTK等设备通过蓝牙、数据线与开采沉陷监测移动数据采集终端系统相连接,实现数据实时、双向传输功能。 Station 7, digital level, GPS, GPS-RTK and other Bluetooth devices, the data line and subsidence monitoring system mobile data collection terminal connected to real-time data, two-way transmission. 图形编辑包括图形的放大、缩小、图层管理、平移和图上量距等功能。 Graphics comprising amplification pattern, narrow, layer management, and the amount of translation from other functions. 在本实施方式中,该测量器3包括全站仪7、全球导航定位系统(GNSS)8、连续运行参考站系统(CORS)9中的至少一种。 In the present embodiment, the measuring device 3 comprises a total station 7, 8, (CORS) 9 of Global Navigation System (GNSS) CORS at least one system. 在本实施方式中,该测量器3包括全站仪7、全球导航定位系统(GNSS) 8、连续运行参考站系统(CORS) 9。 In the present embodiment, the measuring device 3 comprises a total station 7, the Global Navigation System (GNSS) 8, continuously operating reference station (CORS) 9.

[0026] 该调查器4包含所监测的点和线的属性信息输入、编辑等功能,相关信息存储于PDA中的数据库内,初步实现信息的数字化。 [0026] The survey device 4 comprises input attribute information, editing functions of the monitored points and lines, information stored in the database of the PDA, the initial realization of digital information. 该调查器4包括监测点信息器10和监测线信息器11,测量器3、数据库存储器5、通讯器6均与监测点信息器10连接,测量器3、数据库存储器5、通讯器6还均与监测线信息器11连接。 The survey 4 includes a monitoring point information 10 and the monitor line information 11, the measuring device 3, the database memory 5, the communication device 6 are connected to the monitoring point information 10, the measuring device 3, the database memory 5, the communication device 6 also each information connected to the monitor line 11.

[0027] 该通讯器6与该便携式电子装置2可通过蓝牙或数据线连接。 [0027] The communication unit 6 of the portable electronic device 2 may be connected via Bluetooth or a cable. 在本实施方式中,该通讯器6向便携式电子装置2发送数据和请求数据,通过无线网络GPRS将所采集的点位信息实时传送给便携式电子装置2的数据处理中心,进行实时分析和预警。 In the present embodiment, the communication device 62 transmits the data unit and requesting the data to the portable electronics, wireless network GPRS will point information collected real-time transmission to the portable electronic device a data processing center 2, real-time analysis and early warning. 该通讯器6可包含采集终端(即调查器4)与服务器(即便携式电子装置2)之间进行的数据请求和数据发送,采集终端可以向服务器请求所需要的数据,也可以实时将本地的监测信息发送给服务器进行分析预测。 The communication device may comprise a collection terminal 6 (i.e. Survey 4) between the server (i.e., the portable electronic device 2) for data transmission and data requests, the data acquisition terminal may require a request to the server, the local real-time may be monitoring information is sent to the server analysis and forecasting.

[0028] 数据库存储器5可包含数据库的数据管理及数据分析功能。 [0028] The memory 5 may contain database data management and data analysis of the database. 数据功能还包含数据查询与修改两部分,通过选择加载查看数据库中的信息,并可以实时修改删除更新到数据库中。 Data features include data query and modify two parts, load the view information in the database by selecting, and can be modified to remove the update to the database in real time.

[0029] 本系统是专门为矿区沉陷监测数据采集而设计,还适用于高层建筑物变形监测,港口、码头、提防变形监测,山体滑坡变形监测等任何与矿区沉陷监测数据采集相关的工作。 [0029] The system is designed for mine subsidence monitoring data collection and design, but also for high-rise buildings deformation monitoring, ports, terminals, beware deformation monitoring, deformation monitoring landslide such as any mountain with mine subsidence monitoring data collection related work. 系统针对移动测量进行了优化,支持多种测量方式(全站仪7、数字水准仪、GPS单点、网络RTK),并能够在各种测量环境(包括平原、山村、城市、以及各种恶劣的条件)下长时间正常工作。 Measurement system for mobile optimized support for a variety of measurement (7 total station, digital level, GPS single point of network RTK), and can be measured in a variety of environments (including plain, village, city, and a variety of harsh work long hours under normal conditions). 该系统经过改造升级,还适用于土地调查、地籍测量、林业调查等工作。 After upgrading the system, but also for land survey, cadastral, forestry investigation work.

[0030] 实施例2 [0030] Example 2

[0031] 请一并参阅图2、图3及图4,结合实施例1,本系统也可以采用软件设计而布置于PM掌上电脑12上,采用Mobile GIS作为数据采集、管理、分析平台。 [0031] Referring to FIG. 2, FIG. 3 and FIG. 4, in conjunction with Example 1, the present system may also be arranged in software design PM PDA 12 using as Mobile GIS data collection, management, analysis internet. 从而本发明的软件式的点线监测信息移动采集系统能够适用于各种品牌、各种型号全站仪7、数字水准仪13、GPS14、GPS-RTKl5, CORS等测量设备,测量设备通过蓝牙或数据线与系统相连接,实现数据的实时、双向传输功能,数据信息记录在PDA中的点线信息数据库内。 So that the software of the present invention of formula the dotted line mobile monitoring information collection system be applied to various brands, various models of 7 total station, digital level 13, GPS14, GPS-RTKl5, CORS and other measuring equipment, measuring equipment or data via Bluetooth lines connected to the system, real-time, two-way transmission function, the data recorded in the data points in the line information database of the PDA.

[0032] 如图2所示,点线监测信息移动采集系统包括图3所示的Mobile GIS信息采集单元16以及传输模块17。 [0032] As shown, a dotted line monitoring information collection system comprising mobile FIG 2 Mobile GIS information acquisition unit 316 shown in FIG. 17 and a transmission module. Mobile GIS信息采集单元16包括测量模块18、调查模块19、数据模块20。 Mobile GIS information acquisition unit 16 includes a measurement module 18, the survey module 19, data module 20. 测量模块18 —般采用硬件实现,如全站仪7、数字水准仪13、GPS14、GPS-RTKl5,因而与实施例1的测量器3雷同。 Measurement module 18 - as implemented in hardware, such as a total station 7, digital level 13, GPS14, GPS-RTKl5, and thus identical measurement device 3 of Example 1. 调查模块19等同于实施例1的调查器4,调查模块19包括监测点信息模块21 (监测点信息器10)与监测线信息模块22 (监测线信息器11)。 Investigation module 19 equal to 4, the survey module 19 module 21 includes a monitoring point information (point information monitor 10) and the monitor line information module 22 (information monitor line 11) investigator Example 1 embodiment. 数据模块20等同于实施例1的数据库存储器5,数据模块20包括点线数据库23、数据分析模块24、数据管理模块25。 Database data module 20 is equivalent to the memory 5 of Example 1, the line data module 20 includes a database 23 points embodiment, data analysis module 24, the data management module 25. 传输模块17等同于实施例1的通讯器6,传输模块17包括发送数据模块26以及请求数据模块27。 The transmission module 17 is equivalent to the communicator 6 of Example 1, a data transmission module 17 includes a transmission module 26 and data module 27 requests embodiment.

[0033] 如图4所示,本系统的工作过程为:连接服务器新建工程或者直接打开现有的工程,导入底图,调查所监测的点、线或直接测量获得精确的点位坐标,实时进行坐标转换,相关属性信息录入数据库中,实时传输到服务器进行数据分析。 [0033] 4, the operation of this system are: a direct connection to the server to open a new project or an existing project, introducing underlay survey monitoring points, lines or direct measurement coordinate points to obtain accurate, real-time coordinate transformation, associated attribute information into the database, real-time transmission of data to the server for analysis.

[0034] 综上所述,从实施例1与实施例2中可知。 [0034] In summary, seen from Example 2 and Example 1.

[0035] 本发明为解决技术问题采用如下技术方案: [0035] The present invention adopts the following technical solution to solve the technical problem:

[0036] 1、本发明基于PDA便携式智能设备,方便快捷; [0036] 1, the present invention PDA-based portable intelligent device, convenient;

[0037] 2、本发明在数据采集方法上集全站仪、电子水准仪、GPS系统于一身,可结合监测环境、技术水平、作业阶段选择合适的数据采集方法; [0037] 2, the data collection method of the present invention is Part total station, electronic level, GPS systems in one, it may be incorporated to monitor the environment, level of skill, select the appropriate work phase data collection method;

[0038] 3、本发明可以对实时采集之后的数据进行分析处理,获取地表移动变形的实时信息; [0038] 3, the present invention can analyze and process real-time data after acquisition, real-time information surface movement and deformation;

[0039] 4、本发明可通过无线网络将外业采集的信息实时传输到数据处理中心,以便数据处理中心进行更深层次的数据处理分析和预警。 [0039] 4, the present invention may be a wireless network by transmitting information in real time to collect outside the industry data processing center, data processing center to a deeper level of analysis and data processing warning.

[0040] 本发明矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统的结构特点是: [0040] Structural features of the present invention mining subsidence mobile monitoring information collection terminal system are:

[0041] 本发明的主要目的是为了监测煤矿开采过程中地表可能发生的移动变形,通过测量模块(全站仪、电子水准仪、GPS、网络RTK)采集监测点的空间位置信息,并对这些信息保存在数据库当中;通过数据处理和管理模块可以对其进行数据处理(如计算移动变形信息)和管理(修改、更新、删除);同时,通过传输模块可将这些信息传输到数据处理中心进行分析预警。 [0041] The main object of the present invention is to monitor the movement and deformation of coal mining process may occur in the surface, the spatial position information acquired by the monitoring point measurement module (total station, electronic level, GPS, the RTK network), and information which is stored in a database; data can be processed (e.g., mobile computing modification information) and management (modify, update, delete) data processing and management module; the same time, through the transmission module may transmit the information to the data processing center for analysis warning.

[0042] 与已有技术相比,本发明有益效果体现在: [0042] Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention is embodied in:

[0043] 1、本发明基于PDA、GPS等高精度、高效率的仪器进行测量,建立点线数据信息管理系统,大大节约了人力资源,提高效率,使监测人员可以在短时间内对矿区内所监测的点和线位置、属性等作出快速的回应。 [0043] 1, the present invention is based on PDA, GPS and other high-precision, high-efficiency measuring instruments establish point line data management information system, a significant reduction of human resources, improve efficiency, so that in a short time to the monitoring personnel mine the monitoring points and line position, and other properties make a quick response.

[0044] 2、本发明专为矿区沉陷监测数据采集而设计,也适用于高层建筑物的变形监测,港口、码头、提防变形监测,山体滑坡变形监测等任何与矿区沉陷监测数据采集相关的工作。 [0044] 2, the present invention is designed for mine subsidence monitoring data collection and design, but also for deformation monitoring of high-rise buildings, anything to do with mine subsidence monitoring data ports, terminals, beware deformation monitoring, mountain deformation monitoring landslides acquisition related work . 系统针对移动测量进行了优化,支持多种测量方式(全站仪、数字水准仪、GPS单点、网络RTK),并能够在各种测量环境(包括平原、山村、城市、以及各种恶劣的条件)下长时间正常工作。 Measurement system for mobile optimized support for a variety of measurement (total stations, digital levels, GPS single point of network RTK), and can be measured in a variety of environments (including plain, village, city, and a variety of harsh conditions work long hours under normal). 该系统经过改造升级,还适用于土地调查、地籍测量、林业调查等工作。 After upgrading the system, but also for land survey, cadastral, forestry investigation work.

[0045] 3、本系统以Mobile GIS作为数据采集、管理、分析平台,将PDA、全站仪、GPS等测量设备集成于一体,形成了支持多种测量仪器、多种连接方式、可视性强、数据管理集中及数据传输网络化的信息采集终端系统。 [0045] 3. The system as Mobile GIS data collection, management, analysis platform, the PDA, total station, GPS and other measuring devices to be integrated integrally formed support measuring instruments, a variety of connections, visibility strong, centralized data management and data transmission network of information collection terminal system.

[0046] 以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并不用以限制本发明,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内所作的任何修改、等同替换和改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0046] The foregoing is only preferred embodiments of the present invention but are not intended to limit the present invention, any modifications within the spirit and principle of the present invention, equivalent substitutions and improvements should be included in the present within the scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1.一种矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统,其应用于便携式电子装置中,该便携式电子装置与一个测量器电性连接,该便携式电子装置通过该矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统完成对该测量器的数据采集获得数据信息,并对该数据信息进行数据处理,其特征在于,该矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统包括: 调查模块,其用于采集该测量器的数据信息; 数据模块,其用于存储该数据信息; 传输模块,其用于将该数据信息传输至该便携式电子装置,由该便携式电子装置对该数据进行处理。 A mobile mining subsidence monitoring information collection system terminal, which is applied to a portable electronic device, the portable electronic device is electrically connected to a measuring device, the portable electronic device via the mobile mining subsidence monitoring information collection terminal to complete the system data acquisition of the measuring data obtained, the data processing and data information, wherein the mobile mining subsidence monitoring information collection terminal system comprising: a survey module, for collecting data of the measuring devices; a data module for storing the data; and a transmission module for transmitting the data to the portable electronic device is processed by the data of the portable electronic device.
2.如权利要求1所述的矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统,其特征在于,该便携式电子装置为PDA掌上电脑或笔记本电脑。 2. The mining subsidence according to claim 1 mobile monitoring information collection system terminal, wherein the portable electronic device is a handheld PDA or laptop.
3.如权利要求1所述的矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统,其特征在于,该测量模块包括全站仪、全球导航定位系统(GNSS)、连续运行参考站系统(CORS)中的至少一种。 3. The mining at least according to claim 1 subsidence monitoring information of the mobile terminal collection system, characterized in that the measuring module includes a total station, a global navigation positioning system (the GNSS), continuously operating reference station (CORS) in one kind.
4.如权利要求1所述的矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统,其特征在于,该调查模块包括用于获取地表移动变形的实时信息的监测点信息模块和监测线信息模块。 4. A mine according to claim 1 subsidence monitoring information of the mobile terminal collection system, characterized in that, the survey module comprises means for obtaining real-time information monitoring point ground movement and deformation of the monitor line information module information module.
5.如权利要求1所述的矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统,其特征在于,该传输模块包括用于发送数据信息的发送数据模块、以及用于接收数据信息的请求数据模块。 5. The mining subsidence according to claim 1 mobile monitoring information collection system terminal, wherein the transmission module comprises a data transmission module for transmitting data information and a data module for receiving a request for data information.
6.如权利要求1所述的矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端系统,其特征在于,该数据模块包括用于存储的点/线数据的点线数据库、用于数据管理的数据管理模块以及用于数据分析的数据分析模块。 6. The mining subsidence according to claim 1 collecting information of the mobile terminal monitoring system, wherein the data modules comprises dotted lines point database for storage / data lines, for data management and data management module with data analysis of the data analysis module.
7.—种矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集方法,其应用于便携式电子装置中,该便携式电子装置与一个测量器电性连接,该便携式电子装置通过该矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端方法完成对该测量器的数据采集获得数据信息,并对该数据信息进行数据处理,其特征在于,该矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端方法包括以下步骤: 采集该测量器的数据信息; 存储该数据信息; 将该数据信息传输至该便携式电子装置,由该便携式电子装置对该数据进行处理。 7.- kinds of mobile mining subsidence monitoring information acquisition method, which is applied to a portable electronic device, the portable electronic device is connected to an electrical measuring device, the portable electronic device subsidence monitoring information collection terminal moved through the completion of the mining the measuring data obtained data acquisition, data processing and the data information, wherein the mobile mining subsidence monitoring information collection terminal comprising the steps of: collecting information of the data measuring instrument; storing the information data; the data transmitted to the portable electronic device is processed by the data of the portable electronic device.
8.如权利要求7所述的矿山开采沉陷监测信息移动采集终端方法,其特征在于,其还包括以下步骤:获取地表移动变形的实时信息作为该数据信息。 8. The mining subsidence according to claim 7 mobile monitoring information collection terminal, characterized in that it further comprises the steps of: obtaining real time information as to the movement and deformation of the surface data.
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