CN103113146B - Formula of culturing material for culturing pleurotus nebrodensis and culturing method of pleurotus nebrodensis - Google Patents

Formula of culturing material for culturing pleurotus nebrodensis and culturing method of pleurotus nebrodensis Download PDF

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CN103113146B
CN103113146B CN201210529327.9A CN201210529327A CN103113146B CN 103113146 B CN103113146 B CN 103113146B CN 201210529327 A CN201210529327 A CN 201210529327A CN 103113146 B CN103113146 B CN 103113146B
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mushroom
bacterium
days
bag
mycelia
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CN201210529327.9A
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CN103113146A (en
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金波昌
王广建
张志永
李传龙
程兴华
李中园
胡旭
吴姗姗
裴乐乐
张留恩
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镇江山水湾生态农业开发有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a formula of a culturing material for culturing pleurotus nebrodensis and a culturing method of the pleurotus nebrodensis. The formula comprises the following components in percent by weight: 30-50% of shell, 30-50% of corncob, 10-15% of wheat bran, 10% of garlic, 1-2% of gypsum and 2% of lime. After the technical scheme is adopted, the high-yield formula has the following advantages that (1) the corncobs used in the material are leftovers in agricultural planting production, the purchasing cost of the culturing material is saved, and the cost risk for culturing the pleurotus nebrodensis is reduced; (2) the garlic not only provides partial nutrition needed by growth of the pleurotus nebrodensis, but also improves the disease prevention performance of the pleurotus nebrodensis, and is conductive to solving the practicality difficulty of easy disease attach of the pleurotus nebrodensis; (3) the biological efficiency under the same culturing production condition can reach more than 90%, and the yield is increased by 40-50% compared with the traditional material; (4) the diameter of the pileus of the pleurotus nebrodensis is large and the type of the pleurotus nebrodensis is good; and (5) the squaring is early and the fruiting is neat.

Description

A kind ofly cultivate the culture material formula of Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel and the cultivation method of Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel
Technical field
The present invention relates to and a kind ofly cultivate the culture material formula of Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel and the cultivation method of Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel, belong to Cultivation of Pleurotus nebrodensis technical field.
Background technology
Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel is the middle low temperature type edible fungus kind of original Areas In Tianshan Region In Xinjiang cultivation, also known as Pleurotus nebrodensis, Pleurotus eryngii var. nebrodensis etc., and fine and tender taste, delicious good to eat, there is higher edibility, be described as " bolete on grassland " and pick up the ears, quite by the favor of consumer.Pleurotus ferulae nutritious abundant, measure according to science, its protein content accounts for 20% of dry mushroom, containing 17 seed amino acids, also containing physiological activator and several mineral materials such as fungi polysaccharide, multivitamin and mineral salt, there are the effects such as disappear long-pending, desinsection, antibechic, anti-inflammatory and control gynecological tumor, human body physiological equilibrium can be regulated, strengthen immune function of human body.
Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel is not harsh to the requirement of nutrition, and the general biologicak efficiency of common composts or fertilisers of cultivating is only 40% ~ 60%, and easily occur that fruiting is slow, the second damp mushroom is little, and mushroom type is also poor, though or mushroom look greatly, but problems such as poor quality.Low cost high yield culture material formula is that Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel production practices need one of subject matter solved always, also certain achievement in research was achieved in recent years, the Chinese patent being 201010176702.7 as number of patent application discloses " a kind of culture material formula of cultivating Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel ", the percentage by weight of each component of this culture material formula is: cotton seed hulls 36 ~ 66 %, corncob 20 ~ 40%, wheat bran 10 ~ 20%, lime 3%, gypsum 1%.But the technological difficulties such as in general, relatively low or cultivation cycle is long at solution biologicak efficiency, mushroom type or quality are difficult to ensure, easy diseases prevention still need to be improved constantly.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide that a kind of biologicak efficiency is relatively high or cultivation cycle is short, the culture material formula of cultivation Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel that mushroom type or quality can be protected and the cultivation method of Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the culture material formula of cultivation Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel of the present invention, the percentage by weight of each component of this culture material formula is:
Cotton seed hull 30 ~ 50 %, corncob 30 ~ 50%, wheat bran 10 ~ 15%, garlic 10%, gypsum 1 ~ 2%, lime 2%.
A cultivation method for Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel, comprises the following steps:
formula
Fill a prescription according to the percentage by weight of each component of above-mentioned culture material formula;
make bacterium cylinder
By Compost moisture content about 65%, pack immediately and carry out sterilizing, sterilization time normal pressure reaches 100 DEG C and keeps 12 ~ 14 hours, and after high pressure emptying cold air, pressure reaches 1.5kg, maintains after 2.5 hours and removes from the pot, and is placed in the cooling chamber cooling of sterilization;
inoculation cultivation management
Inoculate after front aerial fog disinfectant is sterilized 30 minutes and inoculate, after inoculation, bacterium bag is moved into immediately the bacterium room through sterilization, wall-is stacking, keeps 3 ~ 6 layers, at least should leave the gap of more than 50cm between row, then shading is cultivated, frequent ventilation, and temperature controls at about 25 DEG C; Send out bacterium about 10 days mycelia just can front cover, adopts plastic wire tying, sting 3 ~ 4 apertures, as mycelia material feeding distance bag 3 ~ 4cm, take out sealing binding with the fine needle after sterilization around sack;
after-mature cultivation
Mycelia is covered with after bag can not fruiting immediately, and now mycelia is sparse, and bacterium bag is soft, 23 ~ 26 DEG C, cultivate 35 ~ 40 days again under the environment of humidity about 70%, reach mycelia in vain dense, bacterium bag is solid, and faint yellow mycoderma appears in bacterium bag surface and surrounding;
mushroom canopy and mushroom bed prepare
Prepare cultured mushroom bed, mushroom bed spacing 50cm, will make real at the bottom of surrounding and bed, and sterilizes in advance and desinsection;
earthing
When mean temperature of air is at about 12 DEG C, the bacterium bag reaching physiological ripening is carried out de-bag, vertically put in people mushroom bed by the bacterium cylinder after de-bag, sack is directed upwardly, and at a distance of 5cm between cylinder and cylinder, centre grogs tamps, and thickness of earth covering is no more than lcm;
management of producing mushroom
A, water transfer
After earthing 2 days, start from each water spray 1 time sooner or later, for three days on end, water spray wanted light, slow, and water transfer reaches 20 % to grogs water content, during water transfer, frequent ventilation;
B, urge and storing
The thermal stimulation of continuous 10 ~ 12 days, keeps 16 ~ 18 DEG C daytime, keeps 5 ~ 8 DEG C evening, and in conjunction with the illumination of 90% relative moisture and 500lx, bacterium cylinder side and grogs commissure place just there will be the former base of grain of rice shape;
C, management of producing mushroom
After former base occurs, make canopy temperature control at 12 ~ 16 DEG C by the increase and decrease of straw screen or mat, air humidity maintains about 90%, illuminance controls 80 ~ 1000lx, when mushroom flower bud grows to broad bean size, bushy variety will carry out thin storing, and 1 ~ 2 mushroom stores pouch, sack retains 2 ~ 3 mushrooms and stores, and should keep certain gap between mushroom stores.
gather and adopt rear management
Occur that former base is after 15 days, mushroom body reaches 7-8 and divides ripe, and mushroom lid edge is turnup not yet outwards, mushroom body weight 225 ~ 300g gathers, after having adopted a damp mushroom, do not injure mycelia because adopting mushroom, can moisturizing immediately and topdressing, divide and sooner or later carry out, completed in 2 ~ 3 days, after moisturizing is topdressed, cultivate mycelia 10 ~ 15 days, repeat above control measures, the second damp mushroom can be gone out.
Owing to adopting technique scheme, High-yield Formula of the present invention has the following advantages:
1, employ corncob in raw material, be all the offcuts during agricultural planting is produced, saved the purchase cost of culturing raw material, reduce the cost risk of cultivation Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel.
2, garlic had both provided the nutrition required for the growth of part Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel, turn improved the diseases prevention performance of Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel, contributed to the actual property difficult problem solving Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel susceptible disease.
3, under identical cultivation working condition, biological efficiency can reach more than 90%, than traditional raw material output increased 40 ~ 50%,
4, Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel bacteria cover diameter is large, and mushroom type is good.
5, budding early, fruiting is neat.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the culture material formula of cultivation Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel of the present invention and the cultivation method of Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel are described in further detail.
Embodiment one
formula
Cotton seed hull 30 %, corncob 42%, wheat bran 15%, garlic 10%, gypsum 1%, lime 2%.
make bacterium cylinder
Composts or fertilisers of cultivating is adjusted water content about 65%, pack immediately.Bag specification is the knuckle bag of 15cm × 33cm × 0. 04cm, and dress siccative is about 300g, and single head is inoculated, and uses plastic wire tying.Sterilization time normal pressure reaches 100 DEG C and keeps 12 hours, and after high pressure emptying cold air, pressure reaches 1.5kg, maintains after 2.5 hours and removes from the pot, and is placed in the cooling chamber cooling of sterilization.
inoculation cultivation management
Inoculate after sterilizing 30 minutes with aerial fog disinfectant after band, original seed etc. move into inoculating hood (room) in front general and inoculate.After inoculation, bacterium bag is moved into immediately the bacterium room through sterilization, wall-is stacking, keeps about 4 layers, at least should leave the gap of more than 50cm between row, and then shading is cultivated, and frequent ventilation, temperature controls at about 25 DEG C.Sending out bacterium about 10 days mycelia just can front cover.Employing plastic wire tying, around sack, sting 3 apertures with the fine needle after sterilization, can mycelial growth be accelerated.When mycelia material feeding is apart from bag performance 3cm, take out sealing binding (not raising sack).
after-mature cultivation
Mycelia is covered with after bag can not fruiting immediately, and now mycelia is sparse, and bacterium bag is soft, 23 DEG C, cultivate 35 days again under the environment of humidity about 70%, reach mycelia in vain dense, bacterium bag is solid, and faint yellow mycoderma appears in bacterium bag surface and surrounding, shows that bacterium bag has become physiological ripening.
mushroom canopy and mushroom bed prepare
Cultivation area is in vegetable garden, Shang Hui town one, Dantu District, industry, and the North and South direction mushroom bed of wide 90 cm, dark 30cm, length 2000cm, mushroom bed spacing 50cm, will make real at the bottom of surrounding and bed, and sterilizes in advance and desinsection.
earthing
When daily mean temperature is at about 12 DEG C, the bacterium bag reaching physiological ripening is carried out de-bag.Vertically put by bacterium cylinder after de-bag (long bag bacterium cylinder puts people after cutting off from centre again) in people mushroom bed, sack is directed upwardly, and at a distance of 5cm between cylinder and cylinder, centre grogs tamps.Thickness of earth covering is no more than lcm.Should immediately plastic foil be covered on frame after earthing, on ceiling, then hide straw screen or mat, frame two keeps printing opacity, reaches the illumination of 500lx.
management of producing mushroom
7.1 water transfer
After earthing 2 days, start from each water spray 1 time sooner or later, for three days on end, water spray wanted light, slow, and water transfer to grogs water content reaches 20 % (hand pinch flat grogs and tack-free).During water transfer, frequent ventilation.
7.2 urge and storing
The thermal stimulation of continuous 10 days, keeps 16 DEG C daytime, keeps 5 DEG C evening, and in conjunction with the illumination of 90% relative moisture and 500lx, bacterium cylinder side and grogs commissure place just there will be the former base of grain of rice shape.
7.3 management of producing mushroom
After former base occurs, make canopy temperature control at 12 DEG C by the increase and decrease of straw screen or mat, air humidity maintains about 90%, and illuminance controls 800 lx.When mushroom flower bud grows to broad bean size, bushy variety will carry out thin storing, and 1 mushroom stores pouch, and sack retains 2 mushrooms and stores, and should keep certain gap between mushroom stores.
gather and adopt rear management
Occur that former base is after 15 days, mushroom body reaches 7-8 and divides ripe, and mushroom lid edge is turnup not yet outwards, and mushroom body weight 225g gathers.After having adopted a damp mushroom, do not injure mycelia because adopting mushroom, can moisturizing immediately and topdressing.Topdress and 1% glucose can be selected to add 0. 2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 0.2% urea complex liquid, point sooner or later to carry out, completed in 2 days, make top layer grogs pinch flat and not withered hand.Topdressed by moisturizing, the soft humidity of overburden layer, promotes mycelia rejuvenation, and accumulation nutrient, does not continue the basis of long mushroom surely, after moisturizing is topdressed, cultivates mycelia 10 days, urges the control measures such as Cao, can go out the second damp mushroom more than repeating.
When more than gathering, weigh to gathered fresh mushroom, record output, adds up, and measures bacteria cover diameter.Result: 100 jin of siccative gross yields are 90 jin, and biological conversion rate is 90%, cap average diameter 10.5.cm.
Embodiment two
formula
Cotton seed hull 40 %, corncob 32%, wheat bran 10%, garlic 10%, gypsum 2%, lime 2%.
make bacterium cylinder
Composts or fertilisers of cultivating is adjusted water content about 65%, pack immediately.Bag specification is the wound packages bag of 16cm × 45cm × 0. 04cm, and dress siccative is about 600g, adopts two inoculation, can use the collar instead and add the method sealing that brown paper or the collar add tampon, to increase gas permeability when sending out bacterium in transfer room (case).Notice that the collar, brown paper or tampon should with cultivation bags together sterilizing.Sterilization time normal pressure reaches 100 DEG C and keeps 14 hours, and after high pressure emptying cold air, pressure reaches 1.5kg, maintains after 2.5 hours and removes from the pot, and is placed in the cooling chamber cooling of sterilization.
inoculation cultivation management
Inoculate after sterilizing 30 minutes with aerial fog disinfectant after band, original seed etc. move into inoculating hood (room) in front general and inoculate.After inoculation, bacterium bag is moved into immediately the bacterium room through sterilization, wall-is stacking, keeps about 5 layers, at least should leave the gap of more than 50cm between row, and then shading is cultivated, and frequent ventilation, temperature controls at about 25 DEG C.Sending out bacterium about 10 days mycelia just can front cover.Employing plastic wire tying, around sack, sting 4 apertures with the fine needle after sterilization, can mycelial growth be accelerated.When mycelia material feeding is apart from bag performance 4cm, take out sealing binding.
after-mature cultivation
Mycelia is covered with after bag can not fruiting immediately, and now mycelia is sparse, and bacterium bag is soft, must 26 DEG C, cultivate 40 days again under the environment of humidity about 70%, reach mycelia in vain dense, bacterium bag is solid, there is faint yellow mycoderma in bacterium bag surface and surrounding, shows that bacterium bag has become physiological ripening.
mushroom canopy and mushroom bed prepare
Cultivation area is in rice field, Rong Ping town one, Dantu District, industry, and scrape out the North and South direction mushroom bed of wide 100cm, dark 30cm, length 5000cm, mushroom bed spacing 50cm, will make real at the bottom of surrounding and bed, and sterilizes in advance and desinsection.
earthing
When daily mean temperature is at about 12 DEG C, the bacterium bag reaching physiological ripening is carried out de-bag.Vertically put by bacterium cylinder after de-bag (long bag bacterium cylinder puts people after cutting off from centre again) in people mushroom bed, sack is directed upwardly, and at a distance of 5cm between cylinder and cylinder, centre grogs tamps.Thickness of earth covering is no more than lcm, reaches the illumination of 600lx.
management of producing mushroom
7.1 water transfer
After earthing 2 days, start from each water spray 1 time sooner or later, for three days on end, water spray wanted light, slow, and water transfer to grogs water content reaches 20 % (hand pinch flat grogs and tack-free).During water transfer, frequent ventilation.
7.2 urge and storing
The thermal stimulation of continuous 12 days, keeps 18 DEG C daytime, keeps 8 DEG C evening, and in conjunction with the illumination of 90% relative moisture and 500lx, bacterium cylinder side and grogs commissure place just there will be the former base of grain of rice shape.
7.3 management of producing mushroom
After former base occurs, make canopy temperature control at 16 DEG C by the increase and decrease of straw screen or mat, air humidity maintains about 90%, illuminance control 1000lx.When mushroom flower bud grows to broad bean size, bushy variety will carry out thin storing, and 2 mushrooms store pouch, and sack retains 3 mushrooms and stores, and should keep certain gap between mushroom stores.
gather and adopt rear management
Occur that former base is after 15 days, mushroom body reaches 7-8 and divides ripe, and mushroom lid edge is turnup not yet outwards, gathers during mushroom body weight 275g.After having adopted a damp mushroom, do not injure mycelia because adopting mushroom, can moisturizing immediately and topdressing.Topdress and 1% glucose can be selected to add 0. 2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 0.2% urea complex liquid, point sooner or later to carry out, completed in 3 days, make top layer grogs pinch flat and not withered hand.Topdressed by moisturizing, the soft humidity of overburden layer, promotes mycelia rejuvenation, and accumulation nutrient, does not continue the basis of long mushroom surely, after moisturizing is topdressed, cultivates mycelia 15 days, urges the control measures such as Cao, can go out the second damp mushroom more than repeating.
When more than gathering, weigh to gathered fresh mushroom, record output, adds up, and measures bacteria cover diameter.Result: 100 jin of siccative gross yields are 93 jin, and biological conversion rate is 93%, cap average diameter 11.7cm.
Embodiment three
formula
Cotton seed hull 40 %, corncob 36%, wheat bran 10%, garlic 10%, gypsum 2%, lime 2%.
make bacterium cylinder
Composts or fertilisers of cultivating is adjusted water content about 65%, pack immediately.Bag specification selects the wound packages bag of 16cm × 45cm × 0. 04cm, and dress siccative is about 600g, adopts two inoculation, uses plastic wire tying.Sterilization time normal pressure reaches 100 DEG C and keeps 13 hours, and after high pressure emptying cold air, pressure reaches 1.5kg, maintains after 2.5 hours and removes from the pot, and is placed in the cooling chamber cooling of sterilization.
inoculation cultivation management
Inoculate after sterilizing 30 minutes with aerial fog disinfectant after band, original seed etc. move into inoculating hood (room) in front general and inoculate.After inoculation, bacterium bag is moved into immediately the bacterium room through sterilization, wall-is stacking, keeps about 5 layers, at least should leave the gap of more than 50cm between row, and then shading is cultivated, and frequent ventilation, temperature controls at about 25 DEG C.Sending out bacterium about 10 days mycelia just can front cover.Employing plastic wire tying, around sack, sting 4 apertures with the fine needle after sterilization, can mycelial growth be accelerated.When mycelia material feeding is apart from bag performance 4cm, take out sealing binding (not raising sack).
after-mature cultivation
Mycelia is covered with after bag can not fruiting immediately, and now mycelia is sparse, and bacterium bag is soft, must 25 DEG C, cultivate 38 days again under the environment of humidity about 70%, reach mycelia in vain dense, bacterium bag is solid, there is faint yellow mycoderma in bacterium bag surface and surrounding, shows that bacterium bag has become physiological ripening.
mushroom canopy and mushroom bed prepare
Cultivation area is at Bao Yan town one, Dantu District, industry field of vegetables, and scrape out the North and South direction mushroom bed of wide 95cm, dark 30cm, length 4000cm, mushroom bed spacing 50cm, will make real at the bottom of surrounding and bed, and sterilizes in advance and desinsection.
earthing
When daily mean temperature is at about 12 DEG C, the bacterium bag reaching physiological ripening is carried out de-bag.Vertically put by bacterium cylinder after de-bag (long bag bacterium cylinder puts people after cutting off from centre again) in people mushroom bed, sack is directed upwardly, and at a distance of 5cm between cylinder and cylinder, centre grogs tamps.Thickness of earth covering is no more than lcm.Should immediately plastic foil be covered on frame after earthing, on ceiling, then hide straw screen or mat, frame two keeps printing opacity, reaches the illumination of 550lx.
management of producing mushroom
7.1 water transfer
After earthing 2 days, start from each water spray 1 time sooner or later, for three days on end, water spray wanted light, slow, and water transfer to grogs water content reaches 20 % (hand pinch flat grogs and tack-free).During water transfer, frequent ventilation.
7.2 urge and storing
The thermal stimulation of continuous 11 days, keeps 17 DEG C daytime, keeps 7 DEG C evening, and in conjunction with the illumination of 90% relative moisture and 500lx, bacterium cylinder side and grogs commissure place just there will be the former base of grain of rice shape.
7.3 management of producing mushroom
After former base occurs, make canopy temperature control at 15 DEG C by the increase and decrease of straw screen or mat, air humidity maintains about 90%, illuminance control 900lx.When mushroom flower bud grows to broad bean size, bushy variety will carry out thin storing, and 1 mushroom stores pouch, and sack retains 2 mushrooms and stores, and should keep certain gap between mushroom stores.
gather and adopt rear management
Occur that former base is after 15 days, mushroom body reaches 7-8 and divides ripe, and mushroom lid edge is turnup not yet outwards, gathers during mushroom body weight 300g.After having adopted a damp mushroom, do not injure mycelia because adopting mushroom, can moisturizing immediately and topdressing.Topdress and 1% glucose can be selected to add 0. 2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 0.2% urea complex liquid, point sooner or later to carry out, completed in 2 days, make top layer grogs pinch flat and not withered hand.Topdressed by moisturizing, the soft humidity of overburden layer, promotes mycelia rejuvenation, and accumulation nutrient, does not continue the basis of long mushroom surely, after moisturizing is topdressed, cultivates mycelia 13 days, urges the control measures such as Cao, can go out the second damp mushroom more than repeating.
When more than gathering, weigh to gathered fresh mushroom, record output, adds up, and measures bacteria cover diameter.Result: 100 jin of siccative gross yields are 100g, biological conversion rate is 100%, cap average diameter 11.0cm.

Claims (1)

1. a cultivation method for Pleuotus nebrodensis Quel, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
1. fill a prescription
Be: cotton seed hull 30 ~ 50%, corncob 30 ~ 50%, wheat bran 10 ~ 15%, garlic 10%, gypsum 1 ~ 2% that lime 2% is filled a prescription according to the percentage by weight of each component of culture material formula;
2. bacterium cylinder is made
By Compost moisture content about 65%, pack immediately and carry out sterilizing, sterilization time normal pressure reaches 100 DEG C and keeps 12 ~ 14 hours, and after high pressure emptying cold air, pressure reaches 1.5kg, maintains after 2.5 hours and removes from the pot, and is placed in the cooling chamber cooling of sterilization;
3. cultivation management is inoculated
Inoculate after front aerial fog disinfectant is sterilized 30 minutes and inoculate, after inoculation, bacterium bag is moved into immediately the bacterium room through sterilization, wall-is stacking, keeps 3 ~ 6 layers, at least should leave the gap of more than 50cm between row, then shading is cultivated, frequent ventilation, and temperature controls at about 25 DEG C; Send out bacterium about 10 days mycelia just can front cover, adopts plastic wire tying, sting 3 ~ 4 apertures, as mycelia material feeding distance bag 3 ~ 4cm, take out sealing binding with the fine needle after sterilization around sack;
4. After-mature cultivation
Mycelia is covered with after bag can not fruiting immediately, and now mycelia is sparse, and bacterium bag is soft, 23 ~ 26 DEG C, cultivate 35 ~ 40 days again under the environment of humidity about 70%, reach mycelia in vain dense, bacterium bag is solid, and faint yellow mycoderma appears in bacterium bag surface and surrounding;
5. mushroom canopy and mushroom bed prepare
Prepare cultured mushroom bed, mushroom bed spacing 50cm, will make real at the bottom of surrounding and bed, and sterilizes in advance and desinsection;
6. earthing
When mean temperature of air is at about 12 DEG C, the bacterium bag reaching physiological ripening is carried out de-bag, vertically put in people mushroom bed by the bacterium cylinder after de-bag, sack is directed upwardly, and at a distance of 5cm between cylinder and cylinder, centre grogs tamps, and thickness of earth covering is no more than lcm;
7. management of producing mushroom
A, water transfer
After earthing 2 days, start from each water spray 1 time sooner or later, for three days on end, water spray wanted light, slow, and water transfer reaches 20% to grogs water content, during water transfer, frequent ventilation;
B, urge and storing
The thermal stimulation of continuous 10 ~ 12 days, keeps 16 ~ 18 DEG C daytime, keeps 5 ~ 8 DEG C evening, and in conjunction with the illumination of 90% relative moisture and 500lx, bacterium cylinder side and grogs commissure place just there will be the former base of grain of rice shape;
C, management of producing mushroom
After former base occurs, make canopy temperature control at 12 ~ 16 DEG C by the increase and decrease of straw screen or mat, air humidity maintains about 90%, illuminance controls 80 ~ 1000lx, when mushroom flower bud grows to broad bean size, bushy variety will carry out thin storing, and 1 ~ 2 mushroom stores pouch, sack retains 2 ~ 3 mushrooms and stores, and should keep certain gap between mushroom stores.
8. gather and adopt rear management
Occur that former base is after 15 days, mushroom body reaches 7-8 and divides ripe, and mushroom lid edge is turnup not yet outwards, mushroom body weight 225 ~ 300g gathers, after having adopted a damp mushroom, do not injure mycelia because adopting mushroom, can moisturizing immediately and topdressing, divide and sooner or later carry out, completed in 2 ~ 3 days, after moisturizing is topdressed, cultivate mycelia 10 ~ 15 days, repeat above control measures, the second damp mushroom can be gone out.
CN201210529327.9A 2012-12-11 2012-12-11 Formula of culturing material for culturing pleurotus nebrodensis and culturing method of pleurotus nebrodensis CN103113146B (en)

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CN104557322A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-04-29 邬金飞 Production method of pleurotus nebrodensis cultivation material
CN104541994A (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-04-29 邬方成 Pleurotus nebrodensis culture method
CN104823703A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-08-12 吴中区胥口精益生物医药研究所 Culture method for pleurotus nebrodensis
CN105900690A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-08-31 灵璧县恒利健食用菌种植有限公司 Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation method
CN106342549A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-01-25 杨应林 Method for planting pleurotus citrinopileatus ornamental edible fungus bonsai
CN107079711B (en) * 2017-04-20 2020-04-21 广东东阳光药业有限公司 Cultivation method of morchella
CN107337511A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-11-10 徐州龙兴农牧科技发展有限公司 A kind of cultural method of Pleurotus nebrodensis
CN107242031A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-10-13 安徽诺亚农业有限公司 A kind of plantation breeding method of Pleurotus nebrodensis
CN108450235A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-08-28 山东常生源菌业有限公司 A kind of Pleurotus nebrodensis production method

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