CN103112931B - Reduce liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device - Google Patents

Reduce liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103112931B
CN103112931B CN201310059813.3A CN201310059813A CN103112931B CN 103112931 B CN103112931 B CN 103112931B CN 201310059813 A CN201310059813 A CN 201310059813A CN 103112931 B CN103112931 B CN 103112931B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
electrode
water
casing
electric conductivity
replacement treatment
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201310059813.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103112931A (en
Inventor
诸葛小春
施徐明
毕广顺
包方波
施俊
张永刚
Original Assignee
吴英
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 吴英 filed Critical 吴英
Priority to CN201310059813.3A priority Critical patent/CN103112931B/en
Publication of CN103112931A publication Critical patent/CN103112931A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103112931B publication Critical patent/CN103112931B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

Reduce liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device, comprise electrode group, casing and back flushing shower pipe, described electrode group is arranged in described casing, described back flushing shower pipe is arranged on above described electrode group, described electrode group comprises multiple electrode, any two adjacent described electrodes are connected with the positive and negative electrode of power supply respectively, and described electrode is by having conduction or adsorbing material is made, and described material at least comprises the cotton one wherein of carbon fiber cotton or Carbon fibe.Carbon fiber cotton and Carbon fibe cotton structure loosen, and solution can penetrate into the gap place between fiber, and all surfaces of all carbon fiber cotton and Carbon fibe cotton can be used for absorption.Therefore the amount of ionic adsorption also increases greatly.And no matter be that carbon fiber cotton or Carbon fibe are cotton, can directly buy on the market, cost is very low.

Description

Reduce liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of device removing water intermediate ion, especially relate to and reduce liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device.
Background technology
The standard regulation electrical conductivity of water of process water wants specific conductivity <800us/cm, and in a lot of situation, electrical conductivity of water does not all reach requirement.Electrical conductivity of water mainly affects by the ion in water, and the ion in water is mainly by the salt formation be dissolved in water.
At present, waste water reduces specific conductivity desalination and generally adopts the technology such as reverse osmosis, electrodialysis, but the place that the technology such as reverse osmosis, electrodialysis comes with some shortcomings: easily cause dirty stifled, that water production rate obtains water rate is low, the technology of reverse osmosis, electrodialysis etc. is simultaneously very high to pretreated requirement, need again to throw in a large amount of medicament, also can cause secondary pollution, the investment of engineering is also large.
Another kind of desalination mode is electro-adsorption demineralization, and the research of the salt during electro-adsorption demineralization electro-adsorption dewaters starts from the 60's of 20th century, is completed by the researchist of University of Oklahoma.Their experiment is desalination from slightly alkaline water.The report of Caudle etc. is detailed describes the capacitor deionizing instrument using porous carbon electrodes, and they use the macromolecule adhesive of inertia to be bonded together by carbon particles in conductive plate.During use, utilize conducting plates to transmit electric charge, make carbon particles charged, the zwitterion in charged carbon ion adsorbent solution.But the electrode of this structure, the contact area of carbon ion and solution is too small, and the amount of ionic adsorption is limited, can not apply to reality.
To this, Ai Site company improves electrode, and concrete improved procedure is: sticked to by ultra-fine carbon powder particle on titanium conductor, then toasts with the high temperature of 800 degree, and carbon dust is sintered on titanium.This electrode, the contact area of carbon ion and solution increases to some extent, and the amount of ionic adsorption increases to some extent, but cost improves a lot.
See Fig. 1, the existing electrode for electro-adsorption can be found out, be all the absorption that mode by adhering to carbon powder particle 101 on conductor 100 realizes ion, and be only positioned at the outermost carbon powder particle of conductor and just can play adsorption, so the amount of the ion of absorption can not be a lot.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to deficiency of the prior art, for solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention is solved by following technical proposals: reduce liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device, comprise electrode group, casing and back flushing shower pipe, described electrode group is arranged in described casing, described back flushing shower pipe is arranged on above described electrode group, described electrode group comprises multiple electrode, any two adjacent described electrodes are connected with the positive and negative electrode of power supply respectively, described electrode by have conduction or adsorbing material make, described material at least comprises carbon fiber cotton or the cotton one wherein of Carbon fibe.Carbon fiber cotton and Carbon fibe cotton structure loosen, and solution can penetrate into the gap place between fiber, and all surfaces of all carbon fiber cotton and Carbon fibe cotton can be used for absorption.Therefore the amount of ionic adsorption also increases greatly.And no matter be that carbon fiber cotton or Carbon fibe are cotton, can directly buy on the market, cost is very low.During use, pending waste water enters in casing, and electrode is immersed in waste water, then electrifying electrodes, the zwitterion in absorption waste water.When electrode does not adsorb saturated, after completing the water discharge of absorption, specific conductivity can reach below 800us/cm.If the water conductivity of discharging is more than 800us/cm, then electrode power-off, and the zwitterion of short circuit electric discharge release absorption, then put the current in dry casing, with shower back flushing electrode, make electrode recover adsorptive power.
In technique scheme, preferably, also comprise the rainwater collection pool for collecting rainwater, for store waste water equalizing tank, for storing the backwash pond of backwash zwitterion water and one for storing the water collecting basin of the water after ionic adsorption, described rainwater collection pool is connected with the water-in of described equalizing tank with described casing, described backwash pond is connected with described back flushing shower pipe, and described water collecting basin is connected with the water outlet of described casing.Rain electrical conductivity of water is general very low, and at about 100us/cm, and useless electrical conductivity of water is far away higher than this numerical value, so rainwater can play the effect watering down waste water.
In technique scheme, preferably, the pipeline being communicated with described equalizing tank and described casing is provided with quartz filter, the pipeline being communicated with described casing and described water collecting basin is provided with activated charcoal filter.Quartz filter is used for particulate matter larger in filtering water.The effect of activated charcoal filter mainly contains two aspects: the insoluble thing 1, in filtering water; 2, adsorb the organism of solubility, improve the quality of water treatment.
In technique scheme, preferably, also comprise three conductivitimeters, three described conductivitimeters are respectively used to the specific conductivity measuring liquid in described equalizing tank, described rainwater collection pool and described water collecting basin.
In technique scheme, preferably, be provided with a baffle plate in described water collecting basin, described water collecting basin is divided into not connected two portions by described baffle plate.The part that wherein water collecting basin communicates with the water outlet of casing plays precipitating action.Contamination precipitation in water is at the bottom of this part, and the clear water on upper strata flows to another part of water collecting basin after covering baffle plate.
In technique scheme, preferably, described rainwater collection pool is connected with described backwash pond.The rainwater that rainwater collection pool is collected is used for supplementing backwash pond.
In technique scheme, preferably, the sidewall in described backwash pond is provided with an overflow port.When the water yield in backwash pond exceedes the height of overflow port, water just flows out in overflow port, and anti-sealing raises further in backwash pond, and then overflows backwash pond.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: carbon fiber cotton and Carbon fibe cotton structure loosen, solution can penetrate into the gap place between fiber, and all surfaces of all carbon fiber cotton and Carbon fibe cotton can be used for absorption.Therefore the amount of ionic adsorption also increases greatly.And no matter be that carbon fiber cotton or Carbon fibe are cotton, can directly buy on the market, cost is very low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of existing electrode.
Fig. 2 is schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of shower.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of electrode.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of clamping plate.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail: see the show electrode group in order to remove in Fig. 2, Fig. 2, chest portion is divided and decomposed by we.Reduce liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device, comprise casing 4, controller 5, equalizing tank 6, rainwater collection pool 7, backwash pond 8 and water collecting basin 9.Be provided with electrode group in casing 4, electrode group comprises multiple electrode 1, and any two adjacent electrodes 1 are connected with the positive and negative electrode of power supply respectively.
See Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, each described electrode 1 at least comprises carbon fiber cotton 11 and two clamping plates 12, and carbon fiber cotton 11 is clamped between fixing two clamping plates 12, forms certain thickness carbon fiber cotton layer.Clamping plate 12 form multiple through hole 121 communicated with carbon fiber cotton 11.Distance between the carbon fiber cotton layer of every two pieces of adjacent electrodes 1 is 6mm.
See Fig. 3, the top of electrode group is provided with the shower 13 of spray, and described shower 13 main body is a pipe, pipe is provided with multiple through hole 131, and the quantity of through hole 131 is identical with the quantity of electrode 1, and each through hole 131 is positioned at directly over an electrode 1.One end of shower 13 is connected with water pump 2a by magnetic valve 21, and water pump 2a is connected with backwash pond 8.The sidewall in backwash pond 8 is provided with overflow weir 81, when the water yield in backwash pond 8 exceedes the height of overflow port 81, water just flows out in overflow port 81, and anti-sealing raises further in backwash pond 8, and then overflows backwash pond 8.The bottom in backwash pond 8 is provided with a water outlet 82, and water outlet 82 is connected with magnetic valve 26.A conductivitimeter 31 is provided with in backwash pond 8.
Equalizing tank 6, for collecting pending waste water, is provided with conductivitimeter 32 in equalizing tank 6.Equalizing tank 6 is by being connected with the water-in of casing 4 after magnetic valve 22, quartz filter 61.Equalizing tank 6 is arranged on open air, can deposit the rainwater fallen rainy day, and rain electrical conductivity of water is general very low, and at about 100us/cm, and useless electrical conductivity of water is far away higher than this numerical value, so rainwater can play the effect watering down waste water.The water inlet of casing is connected with a magnetic valve 23.Also a conductivitimeter 32 is provided with in equalizing tank.Quartz filter plays macrofiltration, mainly larger in filtering water particulate matter.
Rainwater collection pool 7 is for collecting the rainwater fallen rainy day, and one end of rainwater collection pool exit connected electromagnetic valve 24, the other end of magnetic valve 24 is divided into two-way, and a road is connected with backwash pond, and another road is connected with magnetic valve 25, and magnetic valve 25 is connected with casing 4.Rain electrical conductivity of water is general very low, and at about 100us/cm, and the specific conductivity of industry standard prescribes is 800us/cm, so after being mixed into rainwater in casing, can play the effect watering down pending useless electrical conductivity of water brownout in casing.
The water outlet of casing 4 is connected with water collecting basin 9 with after activated charcoal filter 41 by magnetic valve 27, and the pipeline be connected with casing 4 water outlet is provided with a conductivitimeter 33.Be provided with one piece of baffle plate 91 in water collecting basin 9, water collecting basin 9 is divided into mutually different two portions by baffle plate 91, and the part that wherein water collecting basin communicates with the water outlet of casing plays precipitating action.Contamination precipitation in water is at the bottom of this part, and the clear water on upper strata covers another part that baffle plate 91 flows to water collecting basin afterwards, then takes away with water pump 2b, is transported to the place needed with water.The effect of activated charcoal filter mainly contains two aspects: the insoluble thing 1, in filtering water; 2, adsorb the organism of solubility, improve the quality of water treatment.Controller is used for the break-make of Controlling solenoid valve 21,22,23,24,25,26,27, and controller is also for receiving the take off data of conductivitimeter 31,32,33, and the break-make of control electrode 1.
Just the present invention illustrates practical process of the present invention for the treatment of an embodiment of steel rolling waste emulsified mixture below.
Steel rolling waste emulsified mixture is after biochemical treatment, and specific conductivity still higher than 2600 μ s/cm, does not meet the requirement of process water.Therefore need to process with the present invention, remove the zwitterion in water.During beginning, magnetic valve 21,22,23,24,25,26,27 is all in off condition.When conductivitimeter 32 measuring result specific conductivity 1500 μ s/cmduring left and right, controller start button starts, and device will by the PLC program work of establishment, and first controller 5 Controlling solenoid valve 22 and magnetic valve 27 obtain electric opening, and starting electrode group, make to produce electric field between adjacent electrode 1.Waste emulsified mixture in equalizing tank 6 enters in casing 4 after quartz filter, and through the adsorption of electrode 1, the zwitterion in water greatly reduces.Then processed water flows out in casing 4, and water flows in settling tank after flowing out after activated charcoal filter.When electrode does not adsorb saturated, conductivitimeter 33 is measured the specific conductivity obtained and is less than 800 μ s/cm, when after operation for some time (running 7 hours), electrode 1 absorption reaches capacity, and the specific conductivity that conductivitimeter 33 records is greater than 800 μ s/cm. now, controller 5 Controlling solenoid valve 22 and magnetic valve 27, and make the voltage of electrode 1 all become zero, and short circuit electric discharge, the zwitterion that electrode adsorbs, owing to not having the effect of electric field, progressively comes back in the liquid in casing.After 50 minutes, controller 5 Controlling solenoid valve 23 is opened.Water in casing flows out from magnetic valve 23.After water discharge in casing is clean, controller 5 Controlling solenoid valve 23 is closed, then controller Controlling solenoid valve 21,24,25 is opened, start water pump 2a simultaneously, water in backwash pond 8 enters on shower 13 by vacuum primingpump 2a, water is vertically discharged downwards by the through hole 131 on shower 13, is sprayed onto on electrode, realizes the backwash to electrode.The water rinsed after electrode flows in backwash pond 8 after magnetic valve 25.Until when the specific conductivity that conductivitimeter 31 records is less than 300 μ s/cm, backwash completes.Magnetic valve 21,24,25 dead electricity restores to the original state, and electrode tips voltage resume enters the process of next round backwater.
Carbon fiber cotton is loosened, and solution can penetrate into the gap place between fiber, and all surfaces of carbon fiber cotton can be used for absorption.Therefore the amount of ionic adsorption also increases greatly.And carbon fiber cotton, can directly buy on the market, cost is very low.
In addition, electrode also can be made with Carbon fibe cotton, but the electric conductivity of independent Carbon fibe cotton is very low, needs to be wrapped on conductor, and by conductor delivered current, therefore cost increases to some extent.

Claims (6)

1. reduce liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device, comprise electrode group, casing and back flushing shower pipe, described electrode group is arranged in described casing, described back flushing shower pipe is arranged on above described electrode group, described electrode group comprises multiple electrode, any two adjacent described electrodes are connected with the positive and negative electrode of power supply respectively, it is characterized in that: each described electrode at least comprises carbon fiber cotton and two clamping plates, carbon fiber cotton is clamped between fixing two clamping plates, form certain thickness carbon fiber cotton layer, between described electrode, there is certain gap, also comprise the rainwater collection pool for collecting rainwater, for storing the equalizing tank of waste water, for storing the backwash pond of backwash zwitterion water and one for storing the water collecting basin of the water after ionic adsorption, described rainwater collection pool is connected with the water-in of described equalizing tank with described casing, described backwash pond is connected with described back flushing shower pipe, described water collecting basin is connected with the water outlet of described casing.
2. reduction liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: on the pipeline being communicated with described equalizing tank and described casing, be provided with quartz filter, the pipeline being communicated with described casing and described water collecting basin is provided with activated charcoal filter.
3. reduction liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise three conductivitimeters, three described conductivitimeters are respectively used to the specific conductivity measuring liquid in described equalizing tank, described rainwater collection pool and described water collecting basin.
4. reduction liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with a baffle plate in described water collecting basin, described water collecting basin is divided into not connected two portions by described baffle plate.
5. reduction liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the sidewall in described backwash pond is provided with an overflow port.
6. reduction liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rainwater collection pool is connected with described backwash pond.
CN201310059813.3A 2013-02-26 2013-02-26 Reduce liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device Active CN103112931B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310059813.3A CN103112931B (en) 2013-02-26 2013-02-26 Reduce liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310059813.3A CN103112931B (en) 2013-02-26 2013-02-26 Reduce liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103112931A CN103112931A (en) 2013-05-22
CN103112931B true CN103112931B (en) 2015-08-19

Family

ID=48411342

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310059813.3A Active CN103112931B (en) 2013-02-26 2013-02-26 Reduce liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103112931B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103739040B (en) * 2013-12-05 2015-11-18 铸神科技无锡有限公司 A kind of modularization monomer electrochemical water treatment case

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1778464A (en) * 2004-11-18 2006-05-31 上海维安新材料研究中心有限公司 Production of carbon electrode of liquid-flow electric adsorption desalting device
CN101573299A (en) * 2006-11-20 2009-11-04 田致重 Electro-chemical water processing apparatus and method thereof
CN201581010U (en) * 2009-05-06 2010-09-15 中山大学 Clamp slot type activated carbon fiber electrode capacitance adsorption deionizing device

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002346568A (en) * 2001-05-28 2002-12-03 Nippon Rensui Co Ltd Electric regeneration type pure water production apparatus
CN1544116A (en) * 2003-11-13 2004-11-10 上海大学 Making method for charcoal electrode of liquid flow type electroadsorption desalinization device
CN1328182C (en) * 2004-03-30 2007-07-25 上海大学 Liquid flow type sea water desalting plant in capacitance model and manufacturing method
CN1730403A (en) * 2004-08-07 2006-02-08 王科峰 Liquid separation treatment method
KR20110068466A (en) * 2009-12-16 2011-06-22 광주과학기술원 Device for capacitive deionization

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1778464A (en) * 2004-11-18 2006-05-31 上海维安新材料研究中心有限公司 Production of carbon electrode of liquid-flow electric adsorption desalting device
CN101573299A (en) * 2006-11-20 2009-11-04 田致重 Electro-chemical water processing apparatus and method thereof
CN201581010U (en) * 2009-05-06 2010-09-15 中山大学 Clamp slot type activated carbon fiber electrode capacitance adsorption deionizing device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103112931A (en) 2013-05-22

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN202542980U (en) Industrial circulating water bypass filtration treatment device
KR20140098241A (en) Flow-through capacitor, deionized liquid manufacturing device, and deionized liquid manufacturing method
CN201206108Y (en) Electro-adsorption desalination system for sewage advanced treatment
JP2003285067A (en) Full automatic and energy saving deionization system
CN104944647A (en) Capacitance type sewage and waste water treatment device and method based on action of direct current electric field
CN205151856U (en) Electric capacity deionization purifier
EA026258B1 (en) Device and process for improved recovery of deionised water
CN103112931B (en) Reduce liquid electric conductivity electron ion replacement Treatment device
CN208648977U (en) A kind of Water treatment device for coal slime
CN103086545A (en) Method and device for removing and recovering heavy metal in waste water through regenerated active carbon
CN102689935A (en) Method for processing acid mine drainage
CN203256013U (en) Electric ion substitution processing device used for reducing liquid conductivity
CN2764765Y (en) Spiral wound type capacitive ion remover
CN202625963U (en) Electronic water treatment and composite dielectric film integrated water purification equipment
CN103561841A (en) Active regeneration method for deionization module and water treatment apparatus using the same
CN103130363A (en) Desalination system and desalination method
CN102360748A (en) Electric oil purification method and device
CN2758244Y (en) Fluorine removal arsenic removal water purifier
CN206767720U (en) A kind of electric adsorption liquid treatment device
CN104098218B (en) Water-purifying process and water purifying plant thereof
CN203959894U (en) Purifier and water cleaning systems
CN203999894U (en) A kind of electroplating bath solution in-line purification device
JP2019209297A (en) Operation method of liquid-flow type capacitor
CN202643483U (en) Coking waste water desalination device
CN203295246U (en) Electrode assembly for electric ion replacement processing device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model