CN103110008B - Fishmeal-free buoyant puffed feedstuff for micropterus salmoides and preparation method of feedstuff - Google Patents

Fishmeal-free buoyant puffed feedstuff for micropterus salmoides and preparation method of feedstuff Download PDF

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CN103110008B
CN103110008B CN201310044057.7A CN201310044057A CN103110008B CN 103110008 B CN103110008 B CN 103110008B CN 201310044057 A CN201310044057 A CN 201310044057A CN 103110008 B CN103110008 B CN 103110008B
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China
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kilograms
fish
kilogram
micropterus salmoides
feed
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CN201310044057.7A
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CN103110008A (en
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潘明官
陈乃松
周恒永
许培玉
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上海农好饲料有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses fishmeal-free buoyant puffed feedstuff for micropterus salmoides and a preparation method of the feedstuff. One thousand kilograms of feedstuff comprises the following components: 41-53 kg of dephenolized cottonseed protein, 20-30 kg of spray-dried animal blood cells, 200-240 kg of soy protein concentrate, 180-220 kg of rice protein powder, 150-170 kg of fish soluble protein, 30-32 kg of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 30kg of wheat gluten protein, 220kg of wheat flour, 20kg of lecithin oil, 30kg of fish oil, 5kg of fish trace elements, 2.5kg of betaine hydrochloride, 3kg of salt, 1.75kg of multi-vitamines for fish, 1kg of choline chloride, 1kg of L-carnitine, 1kg of a mildew inhibitor, 1.55kg of zeolite powder, and 0.2kg of ethoxyquinoline. The feedstuff use animal by-products and vegetable proteins to replace fish meal feedstuff, and the various raw materials are in synergistic combination to achieve cost minimization and benefit maximization of the feedstuff and solve the problem of high breeding cost.

Description

Micropterus salmoides is without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Micropterus salmoides without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Micropterus salmoides is the economic kind of China's carnivorous aquaculture famous-particular-excellent of crucial importance, and gross annual output amount is more than approximately 150,000 tons.But the artifical compound feed of this predacious fish of Micropterus salmoides be unable to do without a high proportion of high-quality fish meal always for a long time, and the raiser who even has is the object that reaches Micropterus salmoides Fast Growth, directly with chilled, live bait, throws something and feeds.Domesticly annual therefore to consume ten thousand tons of fish meal of 6-8 for the production of Micropterus salmoides feed.
In prior art, in Micropterus salmoides puffing material, generally contain following material (in every 1000 kilograms): 450 ~ 550 kilograms of imported fish meals, 200 ~ 220 kilograms, flour, 100 ~ 150 kilograms of 46% dregs of beans (described percentage is the mass percent that in dregs of beans, protein accounts for dregs of beans), 50 ~ 60 kilograms of corn protein powders, 40 ~ 50 kilograms of peanut meals, 10 ~ 20 kilograms of brewer's yeasts, 10 ~ 30 kilograms of cuttlefish cream, 10 ~ 20 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 10 ~ 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 10 ~ 20 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of fish trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of beet alkali hydrochlorates, 2 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of fish multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 1 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 1.55 kilograms of zeolite powders, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
This formula technique and the mode of production be strong to fish meal dependence, cause raiser's aquaculture cost higher, low in economic efficiency.And along with the shortage of global fish meal resource, this fish-meal at high proportion will become the great bottleneck of Micropterus salmoides industry development.This phenomenon is urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention be overcome existing Micropterus salmoides feed formula technology and the mode of production strong to fish meal dependence, cause raiser's aquaculture cost higher, low in economic efficiency defect, provide a kind of new Micropterus salmoides without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed and preparation method thereof, can replace routine to contain the Micropterus salmoides feed of fish meal at high proportion, solve high, strong to the fish meal dependence problem of Culture Techniques of Micropterws Salmoides cost, realize feed cost and drop into minimized, maximizing the benefits.
Object of the present invention, be to provide a kind of Micropterus salmoides without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, this feed is in 1000 kilograms, its formula contains following material: 41 ~ 53 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 ~ 30 kilograms of globulin powders, FSPC 200-240 kilogram, 180 ~ 220 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 ~ 170 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 15 of fish, 30 ~ 32 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 30 kilograms of wheat gluten proteins, 220 kilograms of wheat flours, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 30 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of fish trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of beet alkali hydrochlorates, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of fish multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 1 kilogram of l-cn, 1 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 1.55 kilograms of zeolite powders, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
In the present invention, described dephenolization cottonseed protein is the feed dephenolization cottonseed protein of this area routine, for the accessory substance after cottonseed processing cottonseed oil, with low temperature detoxification technology, remove wherein gossypol and obtain, its main component is generally: crude protein 50% ~ 55%, coarse ash 6.5% ~ 8.0%, group fiber 6% ~ 9%, described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for dephenolization cottonseed protein.
In the present invention, described globulin powder is the feed globulin powder of this area routine, and its main component is generally: crude protein 88% ~ 92%, crude fat <2%, coarse ash <10%, described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for globulin powder.
In the present invention, described FSPC is the feed FSPC of this area routine, for high-quality dregs of beans is removed the soy protein products making after water-soluble or the non-protein part of alcohol dissolubility.Its main component is generally: crude protein 65% ~ 70%, and crude fat <0.8%, coarse ash <6%, group fiber <4%, described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for FSPC.
In the present invention, described rice protein powder is the feed rice protein powder of this area routine, for producing the accessory substance of rice starch, main component is generally: crude protein 65% ~ 75%, crude fat <6%, coarse ash <4%, described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for rice protein powder.
In the present invention, the molten slurry albumen of fish that the molten slurry albumen of described fish is this area routine, is the accessory substance while producing fish meal, and it is rich in oligopeptide, nucleic acid and growth factor, contains extremely strong taste with sweet and sour flavor, and attractant palatability is good especially.Its main component is generally: crude protein 60% ~ 70%, and coarse ash 2% ~ 3%, crude fat 2% ~ 4%, described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for the molten slurry albumen of fish.
In the present invention, described calcium dihydrogen phosphate is the feed calcium dihydrogen phosphate of this area routine, general calcium content 16%, and phosphorus content 21%, described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for calcium dihydrogen phosphate.
In the present invention, described wheat gluten protein is the wheat gluten protein of this area routine, it is the accessory substance of producing wheaten starch, its main component is generally: crude protein 80 ~ 85%, crude fat <2%, coarse ash <2%, described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for wheat gluten protein.
In the present invention, described wheat flour is the feed wheat flour of this area routine, and it generally refers to the wheat flour extracting after wheat bran.Main component is generally: crude protein 11 ~ 14%, and coarse ash <1.2%, described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for wheat flour.
In the present invention, described phosphatide oil is the feed phosphatide oil of this area routine, is the product extracting from produce the oil foot of soybean oil.General content of phospholipid is 65%, and described percentage is the mass percent accounting for.
In the present invention, described fish oil is the feed fish oil of this area routine, and main component is generally: crude fat >99%, and moisture <1%, described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for fish oil.
In the present invention, described fish trace element is the fish trace element of this area routine, generally comprises ferrous sulfate monohydrate, monohydrate zinc sulphate, cupric sulfate pentahydrate, manganese sulfate monohydrate, calcium iodate diluent and sodium selenite diluent.In fish trace element, each element index is: iron 8000ppm, and zinc 5000ppm, copper 300ppm, manganese 1000ppm, iodine 200ppm and selenium 40ppm, described part per million is the quality part per million that accounts for fish trace element.
In the present invention, described beet alkali hydrochlorate is the feed garden beet alkali salt hydrochlorate of this area routine, is generally beet alkali hydrochlorate 98%, and described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for beet alkali hydrochlorate.
In the present invention, described salt is the fodder salt of this area routine.
In the present invention, described fish multidimensional is the fish multidimensional of this area routine, refers generally to be designated as the vitamin A that contains 5700000IU/kg, the vitamin D of 1400000IU/kg 3, the vitamin E of 57000IU/kg, the vitamin K of 10700mg/kg 3, the Cobastab of 6850mg/kg 1, the Cobastab of 11400mg/kg 2, the Cobastab of 11200mg/kg 6, the Cobastab of 28.5mg/kg 12, the pantothenic acid of 25200mg/kg, the nicotinic acid of 34200mg/kg, the folic acid of 2170mg/kg, the V of 100000mg/kg c, the inositol of 142000mg/kg, and the biotin of 114mg/kg.
In the present invention, described Choline Chloride is the feed Choline Chloride of this area routine, is generally Choline Chloride 50%, and described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for Choline Chloride.
In the present invention, described l-cn is the feed l-cn of this area routine, and general content is 20%, and described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for l-cn.
In the present invention, described mould inhibitor can be the existing mould inhibitor in this area.
In the present invention, described zeolite powder is the feed zeolite powder of this area routine.The general ammonia amount of inhaling is more than 150mmol/100g.
In the present invention, described ethoxyquinoline is the antioxidant of this area routine, and general content is 60%, and described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for ethoxyquinoline.
Preferably, Micropterus salmoides of the present invention is without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, in 1000 kilograms its contain following material: 41 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 240 kilograms of FSPCs, 200 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 15 of fish, 32 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 30 kilograms of wheat gluten proteins, 220 kilograms of wheat flours, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 30 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of fish trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of beet alkali hydrochlorates, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of fish multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 1 kilogram of l-cn, 1 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 1.55 kilograms of zeolite powders, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
Preferably, Micropterus salmoides of the present invention is without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, in 1000 kilograms its contain following material: 47 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 25 kilograms of globulin powders, 200 kilograms of FSPCs, 220 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 16 of fish, 31 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 30 kilograms of wheat gluten proteins, 220 kilograms of wheat flours, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 30 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of fish trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of beet alkali hydrochlorates, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of fish multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 1 kilogram of l-cn, 1 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 1.55 kilograms of zeolite powders, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
Preferably, Micropterus salmoides of the present invention is without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, in 1000 kilograms its contain following material: 53 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 30 kilograms of globulin powders, 220 kilograms of FSPCs, 180 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 17 of fish, 30 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 30 kilograms of wheat gluten proteins, 220 kilograms of wheat flours, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 30 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of fish trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of beet alkali hydrochlorates, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of fish multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 1 kilogram of l-cn, 1 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 1.55 kilograms of zeolite powders, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
Micropterus salmoides of the present invention is without also containing conventional various other additives that add in this area in fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, as long as it does not significantly affect Micropterus salmoides of the present invention without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed efficiency.
Two of object of the present invention is, the preparation method of a kind of Micropterus salmoides without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed is provided, these preparation method's following steps: by formula, fish trace element, Choline Chloride, salt, fish multidimensional, beet alkali hydrochlorate, l-cn, mould inhibitor, ethoxyquinoline, zeolite powder are mixed, make little feed additives; FSPC, rice protein powder, dephenolization cottonseed protein, wheat gluten protein, globulin powder, the molten slurry albumen of fish, wheat flour, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, after large raw material mixes, are added to described little feed additives; After mixing, carry out ultramicro grinding; Phosphatide oil, fish oil are mixed to modified, expanded, oven dry, cooling afterwards with aforementioned each composition.
Wherein, preferably, described large raw material mixes in primary mixer; Better, described large raw material enters in described mixer by computer automatic blending.
Wherein, preferably, described ultramicro grinding is carried out in micronizer; Described smashing fineness is more than 95% raw material reaches 80 orders; Described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for raw material.
Wherein, preferably, after described ultramicro grinding, raw material enters second drum mixer.
Wherein, preferably, described mixes phosphatide oil, fish oil in second drum mixer and carries out with aforementioned each composition.
Wherein, preferably, described modifiedly carry out in quality-adjusting device, better, described is modified for emphasizing matter, and the described matter of emphasizing is carried out with differential quality-adjusting device; Better, described modified temperature is 90 ℃ ~ 95 ℃; Described modified rear moisture is 22 ~ 25%, and described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for raw material.
Wherein, preferably, described expandedly carry out in twin-screw Bulking Machine, described expanded parameter is: 125 ℃ of temperature, moisture 22 ~ 27%, puffed degree 1.5.
Wherein, preferably, described oven dry is carried out in baker, and the moisture after described oven dry is below 10%.
Wherein, preferably, described when quick cooling, material temperature and the room temperature temperature difference are in 5 ℃.
Wherein, after described Micropterus salmoides buoyancy expanding feed makes, generally according to the packing of being weighed of this area conventional method, warehouse-in.
In above-mentioned preparation method, if described percentage, without specified otherwise, is the mass percent that accounts for raw material.
Agents useful for same of the present invention and raw material except specified otherwise, equal commercially available obtaining.
Meeting on the basis of this area general knowledge, in the present invention, the optimum condition of each above-mentioned technical characterictic can be combined and obtain preferred embodiments.
Positive progressive effect of the present invention is: Micropterus salmoides of the present invention is without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, use low price, originate abundant animal byproduct and vegetable protein, the feed that replaces the expensive fish meal of existing use, each raw material is collaborative, be used in combination, realize feed cost and dropped into minimized, maximizing the benefits, solved the high problem of aquaculture cost.
The specific embodiment
Mode below by embodiment further illustrates the present invention, but does not therefore limit the present invention among described scope of embodiments.The experimental technique of unreceipted actual conditions in the following example, according to conventional method and condition, or selects according to catalogue.
In following embodiment, raw materials used source is as shown in table 1:
The raw material using in table 1 embodiment and purchase producer thereof
Raw material Buy producer
Dephenolization cottonseed protein Shanghai Yuan Yao trade Co., Ltd
Rice protein powder Anhui Hui Jia Bioisystech Co., Ltd
Wheat gluten protein Qingdao Hai Daer starch Co., Ltd
FSPC Wandefu Ind Co., Ltd., Shandong
Globulin powder En Bi biotech inc, Wuhan
Fish soluble slurry protein powder Aquatic feeds Co., Ltd of Rongcheng City Yuxin
Wheat flour Five Suqian, the group Jiangsu flour Co., Ltds that get profit
Matrimony vine Shanghai Jinfeng Wine Brewing Co.,Ltd
Embodiment 1
Micropterus salmoides is without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, in 1000 kilograms its contain following material: 41 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 240 kilograms of FSPCs, 200 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 15 of fish, 32 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 30 kilograms of wheat gluten proteins, 220 kilograms of wheat flours, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 30 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of fish trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of beet alkali hydrochlorates, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of fish multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 1 kilogram of l-cn, 1 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 1.55 kilograms of zeolite powders, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
Preparation method: by fish trace element, Choline Chloride, salt, fish multidimensional, beet alkali hydrochlorate, l-cn, mould inhibitor, ethoxyquinoline, zeolite powder mixes by twin shaft paddle formula mixer by formula, makes little feed additives, FSPC, rice protein powder, cottonseed protein, wheat gluten protein, globulin powder, the molten slurry albumen of fish, wheat flour, calcium dihydrogen phosphates etc. enter batch bin as large raw material, by computer automatic blending, each large raw material is entered in a twin shaft paddle formula mixer by formula, then add little feed additives, after mixing, enter shepherd micronizer and carry out ultramicro grinding, more than the raw material of smashing fineness 95% reaches 80 orders, after ultramicro grinding, raw material enters secondary twin shaft paddle formula mixer in ratio in formula again, sprays into phosphatide oil simultaneously in second drum mixer, fish oil, various raw materials mix again, enter afterwards expanded storehouse, first with differential quality-adjusting device, emphasize matter, guarantee that modified rear moisture reaches 22-25%, refining temperature reaches 90-95 ℃, entering 125 twin-screw Bulking Machine carries out expanded again, guarantee that expanded parameter is as follows: 125 ℃ of temperature, moisture 22-27%, puffed degree 1.5, expanded rear material enters baker dries, moisture drops to below 10%, then carries out coolingly fast, guarantees that material temperature and the room temperature temperature difference are in 5 ℃.In 20 kilograms of packings of being weighed, warehouse-in.
Embodiment 2
Micropterus salmoides is without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, in 1000 kilograms its contain following material: 47 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 25 kilograms of globulin powders, 200 kilograms of FSPCs, 220 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 16 of fish, 31 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 30 kilograms of wheat gluten proteins, 220 kilograms of wheat flours, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 30 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of fish trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of beet alkali hydrochlorates, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of fish multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 1 kilogram of l-cn, 1 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 1.55 kilograms of zeolite powders, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
Preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
Micropterus salmoides is without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, in 1000 kilograms its contain following material: 53 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 30 kilograms of globulin powders, 220 kilograms of FSPCs, 180 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 17 of fish, 30 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 30 kilograms of wheat gluten proteins, 220 kilograms of wheat flours, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 30 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of fish trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of beet alkali hydrochlorates, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of fish multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 1 kilogram of l-cn, 1 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 1.55 kilograms of zeolite powders, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
Preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4
Micropterus salmoides is without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, in 1000 kilograms its contain following material: 44 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 23 kilograms of globulin powders, 215 kilograms of FSPCs, 205 kilograms of rice protein powders, 5 kilograms of the molten slurry protein 16s of fish, 31 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 30 kilograms of wheat gluten proteins, 220 kilograms of wheat flours, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 30 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of fish trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of beet alkali hydrochlorates, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of fish multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 1 kilogram of l-cn, 1 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 1.55 kilograms of zeolite powders, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
Preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 1
Micropterus salmoides is without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, feed as described in the background art, its concrete formula is counted with every 1000 kilograms: 450 kilograms of imported fish meals, 220.55 kilograms, flour, described in 46%(, percentage is the mass percent that in dregs of beans, protein accounts for dregs of beans) 130 kilograms of dregs of beans, 60 kilograms of corn protein powders, 45 kilograms of peanut meals, 20 kilograms of brewer's yeasts, 20 kilograms of cuttlefish cream, 16 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 15 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 10 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of fish trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of beet alkali hydrochlorates, 2 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of fish multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 1 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
Preparation method: by fish trace element, Choline Chloride, salt, fish multidimensional, beet alkali hydrochlorate, mould inhibitor, ethoxyquinoline mixes by twin shaft paddle formula mixer by formula, make little feed additives, imported fish meal, flour, 46% dregs of beans, corn protein powder, peanut meal, brewer's yeast, cuttlefish cream, calcium dihydrogen phosphate enters batch bin as large raw material, by computer automatic blending, each large raw material is entered in a twin shaft paddle formula mixer by formula, then add little feed additives, after mixing, enter shepherd micronizer and carry out ultramicro grinding, smashing fineness is more than 95% raw material reaches 80 orders, after ultramicro grinding, raw material enters secondary twin shaft paddle formula mixer in ratio in formula again, in second drum mixer, spray into phosphatide oil simultaneously, fish oil, various raw materials mix again, enter afterwards expanded storehouse, first with differential quality-adjusting device, emphasize matter, guarantee that modified rear moisture reaches 22-25%, refining temperature reaches 90-95 ℃, entering 125 twin-screw Bulking Machine carries out expanded again, guarantee that expanded parameter is as follows: 125 ℃ of temperature, moisture 22-27%, puffed degree 1.5, expanded rear material enters baker dries, moisture drops to below 10%, carry out again cooling fast, guarantee that material temperature and the room temperature temperature difference are in 5 ℃.With 20 kilograms of weigher packings, warehouse-in.
Effect embodiment 1
Selected ten towards sieve Micropterus salmoides seedling 7500 tails, and adopted comparative example feed to tame, the domestication time is 10d, Micropterus salmoides, adapts to breeding environment completely, ingests active, and enters formal test in the situation that does not have to die unexpectedly.Be divided at random 5 groups, every group of 3 repetitions.The DIFFERENT FEED of embodiment 1 ~ 4 and the comparative example 1 of feeding respectively.Test site is carried out in Discharge Engineering in Shanghai Jinshan District Xing Ta town Shanghai Ocean University and the good Research Base of Shanghai agriculture.Test period 150 days.Each outcome record is in table 2 ~ 4.
The impact of the feed of table 1 embodiment 1 ~ 4 and comparative example 1 on Micropterus salmoides growth performance
From table 2, do not contain the feed of the embodiment 1 ~ 4 of fish meal, in the speed of growth, in food ration, material ratio, survival rate, there is no difference with comparative example.The feed that does not contain the embodiment 1 ~ 4 of fish meal can replace traditional high fish-meal completely.Simultaneously containing the feed of the embodiment 1 ~ 4 of fish meal at the bodily form, body colour, coefficient of condition and comparative example indifference.There is not short fat, the phenomenon such as tripe is large.
The impact of the feed of table 3 embodiment 1 ~ 4 and comparative example 1 on Micropterus salmoides palatability
Micropterus salmoides is as a kind of ferociousness predacious fish, as there is no palatability bait, has and kills and devour mutually phenomenon, and large meeting kills and devour little Micropterus salmoides within these few days, so the palatability of feed is to need the key technology that solves.From table 3, through the laundering period of about 10 days, embodiment 1 ~ 4 to rob food very positive.Visible embodiment 1 ~ 4 can replacing whole high price fish-meal of the prior art, and the palatability of Micropterus salmoides is had no adverse effects.
The impact of the feed of table 4 embodiment 1 ~ 4 and comparative example 1 on Culture Techniques of Micropterws Salmoides cost, economic benefit
From at least cheap 3220 yuan per ton of the feed of the feed ratio comparative example 1 of table 4: embodiment 1 ~ 4, with embodiment feed cultivation Micropterus salmoides, often form 1 kilogram of Micropterus salmoides, raiser at least can many incomes 2.82 yuan.General Micropterus salmoides per mu yield is more than 2000 jin, and every mu of many incomes of Micropterus salmoides energy are more than 2800 yuan.Embodiment 1 ~ 4 is than comparative example 1 remarkable in economical benefits.
Conclusion: from the use contrast of the feed of above-described embodiment and comparative example, Micropterus salmoides provided by the invention is without the high fish meal puffing material of fish meal buoyancy expanding Feed Energy replacing whole tradition, Micropterus salmoides growth, survival rate, the bodily form, body colour etc. are had no adverse effects, and cost is low, culture benefit is high, reduced the dependence to high-quality fish meal, for the sustainable development of Culture Techniques of Micropterws Salmoides provides a kind of good demonstration and reference function.

Claims (13)

1. a Micropterus salmoides is without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, it is characterized in that: described feed is in 1000 kilograms, its formula contains following material: 41~53 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20~30 kilograms of globulin powders, FSPC 200-240 kilogram, 180~220 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0~170 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 15 of fish, 30~32 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 30 kilograms of wheat gluten proteins, 220 kilograms of wheat flours, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 30 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of fish trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of beet alkali hydrochlorates, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of fish multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 1 kilogram of l-cn, 1 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 1.55 kilograms of zeolite powders, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
2. Micropterus salmoides as claimed in claim 1 is without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, it is characterized in that: described Micropterus salmoides without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed in 1000 kilograms, it contains following material: 41 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 20 kilograms of globulin powders, 240 kilograms of FSPCs, 200 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 15 of fish, 32 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 30 kilograms of wheat gluten proteins, 220 kilograms of wheat flours, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 30 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of fish trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of beet alkali hydrochlorates, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of fish multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 1 kilogram of l-cn, 1 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 1.55 kilograms of zeolite powders, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
3. Micropterus salmoides as claimed in claim 1 is without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, it is characterized in that: described Micropterus salmoides without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed in 1000 kilograms, it contains following material: 47 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 25 kilograms of globulin powders, 200 kilograms of FSPCs, 220 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 16 of fish, 31 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 30 kilograms of wheat gluten proteins, 220 kilograms of wheat flours, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 30 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of fish trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of beet alkali hydrochlorates, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of fish multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 1 kilogram of l-cn, 1 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 1.55 kilograms of zeolite powders, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
4. Micropterus salmoides as claimed in claim 1 is without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, it is characterized in that: described Micropterus salmoides without fish meal buoyancy expanding feed in 1000 kilograms, it contains following material: 53 kilograms of dephenolization cottonseed proteins, 30 kilograms of globulin powders, 220 kilograms of FSPCs, 180 kilograms of rice protein powders, 0 kilogram of the molten slurry protein 17 of fish, 30 kilograms of calcium dihydrogen phosphates, 30 kilograms of wheat gluten proteins, 220 kilograms of wheat flours, 20 kilograms of phosphatide oils, 30 kilograms, fish oil, 5 kilograms of fish trace elements, 2.5 kilograms of beet alkali hydrochlorates, 3 kilograms of salt, 1.75 kilograms of fish multidimensional, 1 kilogram of Choline Chloride, 1 kilogram of l-cn, 1 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 1.55 kilograms of zeolite powders, 0.2 kilogram of ethoxyquinoline.
5. the Micropterus salmoides as described in claim 1-4 any one is without the preparation method of fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, it is characterized in that: it comprises the steps: by formula, fish trace element, Choline Chloride, salt, fish multidimensional, beet alkali hydrochlorate, l-cn, mould inhibitor, ethoxyquinoline, zeolite powder are mixed, make little feed additives; FSPC, rice protein powder, dephenolization cottonseed protein, wheat gluten protein, globulin powder, wheat flour, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, the molten slurry albumen of fish, after large raw material mixes, are added to described little feed additives; After mixing, carry out ultramicro grinding; Phosphatide oil, fish oil are mixed to modified, expanded, oven dry, cooling afterwards with aforementioned each composition.
6. Micropterus salmoides as claimed in claim 5, without the preparation method of fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, is characterized in that: described large raw material mixes in primary mixer.
7. Micropterus salmoides as claimed in claim 6, without the preparation method of fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, is characterized in that: described large raw material enters in described mixer by computer automatic blending.
8. Micropterus salmoides as claimed in claim 5, without the preparation method of fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, is characterized in that: described ultramicro grinding is carried out in micronizer; The fineness of described pulverizing is more than 95% raw material reaches 80 orders; Described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for raw material;
After described ultramicro grinding, raw material enters second drum mixer;
Described mixes phosphatide oil, fish oil in second drum mixer and carries out with aforementioned each composition;
Described modifiedly carry out in quality-adjusting device.
9. Micropterus salmoides as claimed in claim 8, without the preparation method of fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, is characterized in that: described is modified for emphasizing matter, and the described matter of emphasizing is carried out with differential quality-adjusting device.
10. Micropterus salmoides as claimed in claim 8, without the preparation method of fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, is characterized in that: described modified temperature is 90 ℃~95 ℃; Described modified rear moisture is 22~25%, and described percentage is the mass percent that accounts for raw material.
11. Micropterus salmoides as claimed in claim 5, without the preparation method of fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, is characterized in that: described expandedly carry out in twin-screw Bulking Machine, described expanded parameter is: 125 ℃ of temperature, moisture 22~27%, puffed degree 1.5.
12. Micropterus salmoides as claimed in claim 5, without the preparation method of fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, is characterized in that: described oven dry is carried out in baker, and the moisture after described oven dry is below 10%.
13. Micropterus salmoides as claimed in claim 5, without the preparation method of fish meal buoyancy expanding feed, is characterized in that: described being cooled to is cooling fast, and described when quick cooling, material temperature and the room temperature temperature difference are in 5 ℃.
CN201310044057.7A 2013-02-04 2013-02-04 Fishmeal-free buoyant puffed feedstuff for micropterus salmoides and preparation method of feedstuff CN103110008B (en)

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