CN103109656A - Submerged plant underwater turf cultivation structure and submerged plant underwater turf planting method - Google Patents

Submerged plant underwater turf cultivation structure and submerged plant underwater turf planting method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103109656A
CN103109656A CN2012105293300A CN201210529330A CN103109656A CN 103109656 A CN103109656 A CN 103109656A CN 2012105293300 A CN2012105293300 A CN 2012105293300A CN 201210529330 A CN201210529330 A CN 201210529330A CN 103109656 A CN103109656 A CN 103109656A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
turf
water
submerged plant
rack
argillic horizon
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012105293300A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张留恩
裴乐乐
金波昌
张志永
李传龙
程兴华
李中园
胡旭
吴姗姗
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhenjiang Shanshuiwan Eco-Agriculture Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Zhenjiang Shanshuiwan Eco-Agriculture Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhenjiang Shanshuiwan Eco-Agriculture Development Co Ltd filed Critical Zhenjiang Shanshuiwan Eco-Agriculture Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN2012105293300A priority Critical patent/CN103109656A/en
Publication of CN103109656A publication Critical patent/CN103109656A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a submerged plant underwater turf cultivation structure and a submerged plant underwater turf planting method. The submerged plant underwater turf cultivation structure comprises a lower clay layer laid in a hard seedling growing water pool with the flat bottom surface or a water tank, a seedling growing net frame made of degradable natural materials is laid above the lower clay layer, an upper clay layer is laid on the seedling growing net frame, the seedling growing net frame and the upper clay layer are bonded together to form a seedling growing base material, and the submerged plants are arranged on the seedling growing base material. The submerged plant underwater turf cultivation structure has the following advantages that the seedling growing base material is made of natural materials so as to be capable of degrading gradually after being planted underwater; the whole turf is flexible and cable be packed into a roll to be transported conveniently to greatly save transportation cost; due to large flexibility, the turf can be directly spread in planting and can be also cut into modules to plant in a scatter mode; and labor is saved, simultaneously operation in water in planting is reduced, and labor intensity is greatly reduced.

Description

Submerged plant turf is under water cultivated structure and implantation methods
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of implantation methods of turf under water, the submerged plant of the rapid build of especially a kind of fast quick-recovery that is applicable to submerged vegetation and submerged plant structure of community turf is under water cultivated structure and implantation methods, belongs to water ecological environment reparation or water landscape Planting Techniques field.
Background technology
It is a step crucial in the water ecological environment repair process that aquatic vegetation recovers, and being grown in of submerged plant plays critical effect in purification of water quality.The growth of submerged plant can increase Dissolved Oxygen in Water content, absorbs the water nutrition material, reduce bed mud disturbance increase water transparency.Due to the particular surroundings of submerged plant growth, the lower water operation of artificial cuttage plantation palpus, submerged plant planting is larger to human and material resources consumption; Utilize the soil seed bank, soil seed pool soil moved in to improve the original to recover quantities large, transportation inconvenience; Carry out submerged plant recovery meeting with turf under the module-type water of plastics or the cultivation of other non-degradable media water-bed environment is caused secondary pollution.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide and a kind ofly can save manpower, the underwater work time when reducing plantation, the submerged plant that reduces labour intensity turf is under water cultivated structure and implantation methods.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, submerged plant of the present invention turf is under water cultivated structure, is included in the lower argillic horizon that the smooth hard in bottom surface is grown seedlings and laid in pond or tank, and the top of lower argillic horizon is equipped with the rack of growing seedlings that is formed by degradable natural material; Growing seedlings is equipped with argillic horizon on rack, grow seedlings rack and the upper argillic horizon formation seedling medium that sticks together, and submerged plant is positioned on seedling medium.
The thickness of described lower argillic horizon and upper argillic horizon is all 1cm.
A kind of above-mentioned submerged plant is the implantation methods of turf under water, comprises the following steps:
A, laying seedling medium:
A, with degradable natural material jute screen cloth or vegetable fiber screen cloth as the rack of growing seedlings;
B, in the smooth hard in bottom surface is grown seedlings pond or tank the paving one deck lower argillic horizon, the rack of growing seedlings is tiled on lower argillic horizon, argillic horizon on the one deck that tiles again on the rack of growing seedlings, sprinkle water and grab into the foundry loam shape to hand, then with the instrument beating, clay and the rack of growing seedlings are sticked together and form foundry loam shape seedling medium;
B, turf is cultivated under water: with submerged plant seed, sleeping bud, the sowing of stem section or transplanting on seedling medium, add the dark water of 10~20cm in grow seedlings pond or tank, water temperature is controlled at 20-25 ℃, natural daylight is cultivated in the good environment of illumination, and the submerged plant root system penetrates in seedling medium and forms one with the rack of growing seedlings;
C, turf transport under water: when submerged plant grows to 5~10cm, drain the water in grow seedlings pond or tank, the turf that forms is packaged into turf rolls in Turnover Box or Plastic Drum, the turf volume that installs is transported to plantation on-the-spot;
D, turf plantation under water: at planting area, the turf volume is launched directly to be tiled in during the suitable planting zone adds water to 20~30cm or directly turf is tiled in the dark water of 20~30cm, progressively be raised to target water level after pasture and water survive and form turf view under water.
After adopting submerged plant of the present invention turf being cultivated structure and implantation methods, have following beneficial effect under water:
1, seedling medium used is natural material, and degraded gradually after the plantation under water for the environmentally friendly volume of turf under water, is applicable to the plot that substrate is difficult for transplanting more firmly;
2, seedling medium gross thickness 2cm left and right, middle vegetable fiber rack makes whole turf have pliability, and cost of transportation has been saved in the convenient transportation of the rolling of can packing greatly;
3, because seedling medium is thin, during lifting packing rolling, all root systems are all stayed can not cause in seedling medium and are hindered root;
During 4, due to the larger plantation of pliability of turf directly tiling open and get final product, also can cut into the module shape and disperse plantation, saved a large amount of manpowers, also reduced the underwater work time when planting simultaneously, greatly reduce labour intensity.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is submerged plant of the present invention turf cultivation under water structure structural representation.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, to submerged plant of the present invention under water turf cultivate structure and implantation methods is described in further detail.
As shown in the figure, submerged plant of the present invention turf is under water cultivated structure, is included in the lower argillic horizon 1 that the smooth hard in bottom surface is grown seedlings and laid in pond or tank, and the top of lower argillic horizon 1 is equipped with the rack 2 of growing seedlings that is formed by degradable natural material; Growing seedlings is equipped with argillic horizon 3 on rack 2, grow seedlings rack 2 and the upper argillic horizon 3 formation seedling medium that sticks together, and submerged plant 5 is positioned on seedling medium, and the thickness that wherein descend argillic horizon 1 and upper argillic horizon 3 is all about 1cm.
Above-mentioned submerged plant of the present invention is the turf implantation methods under water, and seedling medium adopts the natural material degradation material, and is convenient feasible, specifically comprises the following steps:
A, laying seedling medium:
A, with degradable natural material jute screen cloth or vegetable fiber screen cloth as the rack of growing seedlings;
B, the lower argillic horizon (or river embankment bed mud) in the smooth hard in bottom surface is grown seedlings pond or tank about paving one deck 1cm, the rack of growing seedlings is tiled on lower argillic horizon, argillic horizon on one deck 1cm that tiles again on the rack of growing seedlings is thick, sprinkle water and grab into the foundry loam shape to hand, then with plank or the beating of other instruments, clay and the rack of growing seedlings are sticked together and form foundry loam shape seedling medium;
B, turf is cultivated under water: with submerged plant seed, sleeping bud, the sowing of stem section or transplanting on seedling medium, add the dark water of 10~20cm in grow seedlings pond or tank, water temperature is controlled at 20-25 ℃, natural daylight is cultivated in the good environment of illumination, and the submerged plant root system penetrates in seedling medium and forms one with the rack of growing seedlings;
C, turf transport under water: when submerged plant grows to 5~10cm, drain the water in grow seedlings pond or tank, the turf that forms is packaged into turf to be rolled in Turnover Box or Plastic Drum, intact being retained in seedling medium of this cultural method submerged plant root system can not damage the submerged plant root system in lifting and transportation; The turf volume that installs is transported to plantation on-the-spot, notes avoiding solar radiation in transportation;
D, turf plantation under water: at planting area, the turf volume is launched directly to be tiled in during the suitable planting zone adds water to 20~30cm or directly turf is tiled in the dark water of 20~30cm, progressively be raised to target water level after pasture and water survive and can form turf view under water, the jute screen cloth in seedling medium (or other plant fiber) is along with passage of time will be degraded gradually.
Preferably turf is as example under water to cultivate eel grass simultaneously, and the vegetable fiber rack adopts the jute screen cloth, can take following steps:
1. the thick loess of tiling one deck 1cm in the smooth hard nursery pond in bottom surface, be tiled in the jute screen cloth on loess, and one deck 1cm thick loess again tiles on the jute screen cloth;
2. watering to grabbing into the foundry loam shape with hand, is patted seedling medium with plank or other instruments and is made seedling medium become foundry loam on the seedling medium that lays, and jute screen cloth and foundry loam become one;
3. evenly sow the eel grass seed on the seedling medium of handling well, add water to 10~20cm dark, water temperature is controlled at 20~25 ℃, cultivates under natural lighting;
4. after the eel grass seed rooted, along with the growth of seedling, its root system passes the jute screen cloth and whole seedling medium forms integral body;
5. when seedling grows to 5-10cm, drain the water in nursery pond, the turf rolling of packing is positioned over that to be transported to plantation in plastic box or Plastic Drum on-the-spot, note avoiding solar radiation in transportation;
6. turf volume is taken out from container, be tiled in target plantation point, add water to the 20cm left and right dark, after eel grass survives, add water to gradually target water level.

Claims (3)

  1. A submerged plant under water turf cultivate structure, it is characterized in that: be included in the lower argillic horizon (1) that the smooth hard in bottom surface is grown seedlings and laid in pond or tank, the top of lower argillic horizon (1) is equipped with the rack of growing seedlings (2) that is formed by degradable natural material; Growing seedlings is equipped with argillic horizon (3) on rack (2), the described rack of growing seedlings (2) and upper argillic horizon (3) the formation seedling medium that sticks together, and described submerged plant (5) is positioned on seedling medium.
  2. 2. according to submerged plant claimed in claim 1 turf cultivation under water structure, it is characterized in that: the thickness of described lower argillic horizon (1) and upper argillic horizon (3) is all the 1cm left and right.
  3. 3. according to the described submerged plant of claim 1 or 2 implantation methods of turf under water, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
    A, laying seedling medium:
    A, with degradable natural material jute screen cloth or vegetable fiber screen cloth as the rack of growing seedlings;
    B, in the smooth hard in bottom surface is grown seedlings pond or tank the paving one deck lower argillic horizon, the rack of growing seedlings is tiled on lower argillic horizon, argillic horizon on the one deck that tiles again on the rack of growing seedlings, sprinkle water and grab into the foundry loam shape to hand, then with the instrument beating, clay and the rack of growing seedlings are sticked together and form foundry loam shape seedling medium;
    B, turf is cultivated under water: with submerged plant seed, sleeping bud, the sowing of stem section or transplanting on seedling medium, add the dark water of 10~20cm in grow seedlings pond or tank, water temperature is controlled at 20-25 ℃, natural daylight is cultivated in the good environment of illumination, and the submerged plant root system penetrates in seedling medium and forms one with the rack of growing seedlings;
    C, turf transport under water: when submerged plant grows to 5~10cm, drain the water in grow seedlings pond or tank, the turf that forms is packaged into turf rolls in Turnover Box or Plastic Drum, the turf volume that installs is transported to plantation on-the-spot;
    D, turf plantation under water: at planting area, the turf volume is launched directly to be tiled in during the suitable planting zone adds water to 20~30cm or directly turf is tiled in the dark water of 20~30cm, progressively be raised to target water level after pasture and water survive and form turf view under water.
CN2012105293300A 2012-12-11 2012-12-11 Submerged plant underwater turf cultivation structure and submerged plant underwater turf planting method Pending CN103109656A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012105293300A CN103109656A (en) 2012-12-11 2012-12-11 Submerged plant underwater turf cultivation structure and submerged plant underwater turf planting method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012105293300A CN103109656A (en) 2012-12-11 2012-12-11 Submerged plant underwater turf cultivation structure and submerged plant underwater turf planting method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103109656A true CN103109656A (en) 2013-05-22

Family

ID=48408044

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012105293300A Pending CN103109656A (en) 2012-12-11 2012-12-11 Submerged plant underwater turf cultivation structure and submerged plant underwater turf planting method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103109656A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103858632A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-06-18 深圳市益水生态科技有限公司 Method for making composite submerged plant turf
CN105265211A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-01-27 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所 Submerged plant artificial turf cultivation system and cultivation transplanting method
CN105461076A (en) * 2016-01-06 2016-04-06 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Method for recovery of submerged plant communities through submerged vegetation turf
CN110451739A (en) * 2019-09-09 2019-11-15 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 A kind of ecological restoring method rich in high dirty colloidal solid object water body
CN110627216A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-12-31 武汉市天泉慧源环保科技有限公司 Submerged turf planting method for improving ecology of hard riverways and pond ponds

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100784634B1 (en) * 2006-11-27 2007-12-12 배영길 The filtration method of the pond water which uses the aquatic plant
CN101898834A (en) * 2010-07-23 2010-12-01 辛萍 Artificially cultivated underwater lawn
CN102282999A (en) * 2011-06-28 2011-12-21 上海水生环境工程有限公司 Underwater turf planting method for modularized submerged plants
CN102329001A (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-01-25 上海太和水环境科技发展有限公司 Modular waterweed planting method and waterweed culture module in underwater ecological restoration

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100784634B1 (en) * 2006-11-27 2007-12-12 배영길 The filtration method of the pond water which uses the aquatic plant
CN101898834A (en) * 2010-07-23 2010-12-01 辛萍 Artificially cultivated underwater lawn
CN102329001A (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-01-25 上海太和水环境科技发展有限公司 Modular waterweed planting method and waterweed culture module in underwater ecological restoration
CN102282999A (en) * 2011-06-28 2011-12-21 上海水生环境工程有限公司 Underwater turf planting method for modularized submerged plants

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103858632A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-06-18 深圳市益水生态科技有限公司 Method for making composite submerged plant turf
CN103858632B (en) * 2014-02-24 2018-05-15 深圳市益水生态科技有限公司 A kind of production method of combined type submerged plant turf
CN105265211A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-01-27 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所 Submerged plant artificial turf cultivation system and cultivation transplanting method
CN105265211B (en) * 2015-10-20 2017-11-21 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所 A kind of submerged plant artificial grass culture system and cultivation method for transplanting
CN105461076A (en) * 2016-01-06 2016-04-06 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Method for recovery of submerged plant communities through submerged vegetation turf
CN105461076B (en) * 2016-01-06 2017-11-14 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 A kind of method for recovering Submerged plant communities using submerged vegetation turf
CN110451739A (en) * 2019-09-09 2019-11-15 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 A kind of ecological restoring method rich in high dirty colloidal solid object water body
CN110627216A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-12-31 武汉市天泉慧源环保科技有限公司 Submerged turf planting method for improving ecology of hard riverways and pond ponds

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102282999B (en) Underwater turf planting method for modularized submerged plants
CN102668831B (en) Submerged plant breeding blanket and application thereof
CN103109656A (en) Submerged plant underwater turf cultivation structure and submerged plant underwater turf planting method
CN104160864A (en) Movable submerged plant lawn block production method
CN104798656B (en) The long tree-planting method of weathered rockses falling zone terrestrial water
CN103109655A (en) Submerged plant thrown seedling cultivating and planting method
CN103960106A (en) Supertree planting method
CN105265211A (en) Submerged plant artificial turf cultivation system and cultivation transplanting method
CN102613055A (en) Protected Sagittaria sagittifolia seedling raising method
CN105010192B (en) Method for semi-closed ecological desalination cultivation of penaeus monodon
CN102124908B (en) Technology for industrially culturing graft of Camellia reticulata Lindl anvil with single damage part
CN108668880A (en) A kind of semi-submersible type sea grass breeding apparatus and breeding method
CN204206869U (en) A kind of soilless cultivation facility
KR100580927B1 (en) Method manufacturing vegetation mat using of porous film
CN103598078B (en) Summer floating-seedling method of barley tissue culture seedlings
CN102060384B (en) Underwater lawn capable of removing phosphorous and inhibiting algae and construction method thereof
CN104542236A (en) Artificial reproduction method for wild kelps
CN203683234U (en) Submerged plant modular growth bed
CN202680075U (en) Aquatic weed culture box
CN105393908B (en) The method and modular combination of the quick modularization plantation of submerged plant tissue-cultured seedling
CN204518647U (en) Lawn breeding arrangement
CN107055789A (en) A kind of method that utilization three-dimensional plant net repairs Submerged plant communities
CN104221635A (en) Dry-land rice seedling raising method
CN104957017A (en) Seedling method for bare-rooted soilless seedling of aquatic plant withe underleaf pearl
CN107853062B (en) Method for planting grapes by comprehensively utilizing flue-cured tobacco seedling culture nutrient solution and greenhouse

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20130522