CN103109631B - Special fertilizer applicator for fruit tree - Google Patents

Special fertilizer applicator for fruit tree Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103109631B
CN103109631B CN201310061725.7A CN201310061725A CN103109631B CN 103109631 B CN103109631 B CN 103109631B CN 201310061725 A CN201310061725 A CN 201310061725A CN 103109631 B CN103109631 B CN 103109631B
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fertilizer
wheel
support
plough
falsework
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CN201310061725.7A
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CN103109631A (en
Inventor
张志辉
王书鹏
任露泉
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Jilin University
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Jilin University
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Abstract

The invention relates to a special fertilizer applicator for a fruit tree, and belongs to the technology of agricultural machinery manufacturing. The special fertilizer applicator for the fruit tree is reliable to use, and good in fertilization effect, can adjust the fertilization depth, the fertilization distance and the fertilization amount. The technical scheme is that a rotary handle (1) and a bracket (2), a support wheel carrier (4) and the bracket (2), a work rack (10) and the bracket (2), and an opener (9) and the work rack (10) are respectively connected in a sleeving manner, and are respectively clamped and fixed by bolts; a fertilizer containing box (12) and a fertilizer apparatus (11) are respectively fixed at the upper and lower surfaces of the bracket of the fertilizer containing box through bolts; the fertilizer apparatus (11) adopts a universal external fluted roller fertilizer apparatus; power is provided for the fertilizer apparatus by a driving wheel/depth limiting wheel (7) through a transmission device (6); and a support wheel (5) and the support wheel carrier (4), the driving wheel/the depth limiting wheel (7) and the work rack (10), and a covering device (8) and the opener (9) are respectively hinged through bolt shafts.

Description

One planting fruit-trees fertilizer applicator special
Technical field
The present invention relates to a planting fruit-trees fertilizer applicator special, belong to manufacture of agricultural machinery technical field.
Background technology
About more than 170, whole world country produces fruit, mainly contains apple, pears, banana etc.More than 20 countries such as the state-owned China of main product, Brazil.Data demonstration, China has reached 54,500,000,000 kilograms the fruit gross yield of 1998, occupies first of the world.Planting fruit trees industry has a extensive future, and market is huge.
Applying fruit trees with fertilizer is the most important thing of fruit tree management, and fertilization effect is directly connected to output and the quality of fruit.In agricultural production, traditional applying fruit trees with fertilizer mode will be implemented step by step through digging pit, fill out fertilizer, burying three steps of soil, and labour intensity is large, and efficiency is low, is not suitable for large area fertilising operation.And domestic applying fruit trees with fertilizer apparatus mainly contains following two kinds of versions at present:
(1) direct insertion.This apparatus is that the fertilising duckbilled that can open and close by manual type inserts in soil by force, and maneuver control device injects a certain amount of fertilizer in the hole of having inserted, and after machinery is mentioned, then treads with pin earthing.Shortcoming is:
A, this planting fruit-trees fertilizer applicator, become hole completely to rely on and manually trample, and the amount of labour is larger.
B, the fertile dependence of storage are manually born, and from the course of work to moving process, all to operator's physical efficiency, require higher.
C, unevenness of application, fertilizer concentrates in several less holes completely, and Crop effect is bad.
(2) travelling.This apparatus is the fertilizer applicator that a two-wheeled is directly walked formula.During work, manual pusher tool moves in field, and meanwhile, manual manipulation control device is opened fertilizer row mouthful, and during fertilizer just can be manured into soil, shortcoming is:
A, the completely directly artificial promotion of dependence, labour intensity is large.
B, operator not only need the power that provides larger, and need to handle lower fertile device.
C, fertilising are apart from wayward.
D, fertilization depth are wayward.
Due at present for the apparatus of the special fertilising of fruit tree crop seldom, and existing several fertilising apparatuses can not meet the requirement of planting fruit trees and management well, so the fertilization mode that current people mostly adopt is by the fertilizer of digging pit-fill out-bury three step distributed operation of soil, workload is large, efficiency is low, weak effect.Therefore, improve constantly planting fruit trees management means, research and development applying fruit trees with fertilizer apparatus is very urgent.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of reasonable in design, use reliably, fertilization effect is good, the fruit tree fertilizer applicator special of capable of regulating fertilization depth, fertilising distance and fertilizing amount.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions, accompanying drawings is as follows:
One planting fruit-trees fertilizer applicator special, by swing handle 1, support 2, support wheel carrier 4, support wheel 5, transmission device 6, driving wheel/gauge wheel 7, covering device 8, plough 9, falsework 10, fertilizer apparatus 11 and contain fertile case 12 and form, between described swing handle 1 and support 2, support between wheel carrier 4 and support 2, between falsework 10 and support 2, between plough 9 and falsework 10, be to be socketed and fastened by bolt clip; The fertile case 12 of described Sheng and fertilizer apparatus 11 are separately fixed at the upper and lower surface of containing fertile box bracket by bolt, fertilizer apparatus 11 adopts general outer groove-wheel fertilizer apparatus, by driving wheel/gauge wheel 7, by transmission device 6, provides power; Described support wheel 5 and support between wheel carrier 4, between driving wheel/gauge wheel 7 and falsework 10, between covering device 8 and plough 9, to pass through respectively bolt shaft hinged.
Described support 2 is a T-shaped, and front end has an arc-shaped slot 3, described arc-shaped slot 3 for take crop root slightly top be the center of circle, the track that makes institute's fertilise is for take the circle that crop root is the center of circle.
Described driving wheel/gauge wheel 7 is used for controlling fertilization depth and for fertilizer apparatus 11 provides power, described support wheel 5 is for maintaining the balance of whole device.
Described plough 9 is adjustable with the upper-lower position of falsework 10, by changing the relative position regulated fertilization degree of depth of plough 9 and driving wheel/gauge wheel 7.
The present invention has the following advantages:
A, time saving and energy saving saving of labor.This fruit tree fertilizer applicator special has overcome traditional fertilization mode of digging pit, and three steps of the fertilizer of digging pit-fill out in the past-bury soil are combined into and promote fruit tree fertilizer applicator special and rotate a step, one man operation around fruit tree, easy to use, greatly save the working time, saved labour, and laborsaving.
B, little to crop root injury.Traditional fertilization mode need to be digged pit, and this injury of root system to crop is very large, has affected the normal growth of crop.And use fruit tree fertilizer applicator special to crop fertilization, little to the root system injury of crop.
Evenly, Crop is effective for c, fertilising.Traditional fertilization mode fertilizer only concentrates in several holes, and Crop is very slow, and effect is bad.And use the fertilising of this fruit tree fertilizer applicator special, and can be according to crop size or upgrowth situation, regulated fertilization amount, and institute's fertilise is dispersed in crop surrounding, and Crop scope is wide, and fertilization effect is good.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Wherein: 1, swing handle, 2, support, 3, arc-shaped slot, 4, support wheel carrier, 5, support wheel, 6, transmission device, 7, driving wheel/gauge wheel, 8, covering device, 9, plough, 10, falsework, 11, fertilizer apparatus, 12, contain fertile case.
Embodiment
By embodiment described in accompanying drawing, further illustrate particular content of the present invention and the course of work thereof below:
One planting fruit-trees fertilizer applicator special, by swing handle 1, support 2, arc-shaped slot 3, support wheel carrier 4, support wheel 5, transmission device 6, driving wheel/gauge wheel 7, covering device 8, plough 9, falsework 10, fertilizer apparatus 11 and contain fertile case 12 etc. and partly form.In the present invention, be plastic material, then add beyond each standard component except containing fertile case, fertilizer apparatus, two wheels, fertilizer guiding tube etc., remaining part is all to be processed by common iron.Wherein swing handle 1 is to removably connect with support 2, interspersed together by the steel pipe of different-diameter, by 1 bolt clip, is fastened; Support 2 is non-dismountable connections with arc-shaped slot 3, is welded; Supporting wheel carrier 4 is to removably connect with support 2, interspersed together by the steel pipe of different-diameter, by 2 bolt clips, is fastened; Containing fertile case 12, fertilizer apparatus 11 and by four bolts, be separately fixed at the upper and lower surface of containing fertile box bracket, is to removably connect; The general outer groove-wheel fertilizer apparatus that fertilizer apparatus 11 adopts on the market, provides power by chain drive 6 for it by driving wheel/gauge wheel 7; Falsework 10 is to removably connect with support 2, interspersed together by the steel pipe of different-diameter, by 2 bolt clips, is fastened; Plough 9 is to removably connect with falsework 10, interspersed together by the steel pipe of different-diameter, by 1 bolt clip, is fastened; Support wheel 5 is all hinged by a bolt shaft respectively with supporting wheel carrier 4, driving wheel/gauge wheel 7 and falsework 10, covering device 8 and plough 9, is dismountable flexible connection.
By regulating each set bolt, can be according to the distances of the different sizes that suitably regulate crop fertilization amounts such as the size of crop, upgrowth situation, the fertilising depth, fertilising distance etc., can also regulate the height of swing handle 1, to adapt to the labourer of different heights.
Described support 2 is a T-shaped, has an arc-shaped slot 3 above.During work, the root that arc-shaped slot 3 is stuck in applied thing is top slightly, and like this, whole machinery just forms one and take the leverage that arc-shaped slot 3 is fulcrum.The swing handle 1 of holding due to operator is greater than plough 9 to the distance of fulcrum, so whole machinery just forms a labour-saving leverage, rapid operation to the distance of fulcrum.
Described wheel has two of left and right, and one is driving wheel/gauge wheel 7, controls fertilization depth and provides power for fertilizer apparatus 11; Another is support wheel 5, maintains the balance of whole device.According to this mechanical operation principle, the track of institute's fertilise is for take the circle that crop root is the center of circle, and fertilizer is evenly distributed on crop around.Same fertilizing amount, utilizes this machine work, better effects if.
Described fertilization depth will be by regulating plough 9 and the relative position of driving wheel/gauge wheel 7 to regulate.In the present invention, the position of driving wheel/gauge wheel 7 is fixed, and plough 9 can move up and down within the specific limits, like this, and by regulating the upper-lower position of plough 9 just can complete the adjusting for fertilization depth.
The present invention is mainly used in the fertilising of all kinds of fruit tree crops.During use, handling the root that this machinery makes arc-shaped slot 3 on its support 2 be stuck in crop slightly goes up, promote swing handle 1 and make the rotation of mechanical winding crop, driving wheel/gauge wheel 7 will provide power for fertilizer apparatus 11 by transmission device 6, like this, fertilizer will fall in the groove of being outputed by plough 9, and then uniformly, covering device 8 is below buried fertilizer, and fertilising finishes.
First, by agriculture requirement, fruit tree fertilizer applicator special of the present invention is carried out to the adjusting of each parameter, the particular content of required adjusting has fertilizing amount, fertilization depth, fertilising distance and can adapt to the height etc. of the swing handle 1 of operator operation; After adjusting, to containing in fertile case 12, pack appropriate fertilizer into; Then, shift fruit tree fertilizer applicator special onto crop below, make arc-shaped slot 3 be stuck in the position that crop root is slightly gone up, left hand buttresses support 2, and right hand promotion swing handle 1 makes fruit tree fertilizer applicator special make thing and is rotated counterclockwise one week.
Embodiment:
Utilize fruit tree fertilizer applicator special of the present invention to the operation of applying fertilizer of life in 8 years and the winter jujube tree that grows fine.Institute's fertilise is compound potassium sulfate fertilizer.Each parameter regulating is respectively fertilization depth 80mm, fertilising radius 500mm, and fertilizer apparatus often turns defertilizing amount 0.06kg.First, to containing the compound potassium sulfate fertilizer that packs about 5kg in fertile case into, fruit tree fertilizer applicator special is shifted onto under winter jujube tree, make arc-shaped slot 3 be stuck in the position that winter jujube tree root is slightly gone up, left hand buttresses support 2, and the right hand promotes swing handle 1, make fruit tree fertilizer applicator special around the winter jujube tree be rotated counterclockwise, after rotating a circle, finish approximately 42 seconds consuming time.After fertilising, its operation quality is detected.Observe its fertilising track and measure, fertilising track is one to take trunk center as the center of circle, the circle that about 500mm is radius.After executed fertilizer is excavated, observe, the fertilizing amount of complete cycle is even, and fertilization depth is even, is about 80mm.Fertilizer covers tight.Meet agriculture requirement.
Then, we adopt traditional fertilizer of digging pit-fill out-bury cubic metre of earth formula to the operation of applying fertilizer of the close winter jujube tree of another situation, fertilizer are applied and are evenly distributed in winter jujube tree around in 5 holes of trunk 500mm left and right, approximately 2 minutes consuming time.And be operated by two people, workload is large, consume one's strength many.Fertilizer is excavated to discovery, and institute's fertilise is deposited in hole mostly, like this, and Crop weak effect.
Contrast by twice test is found, utilizes fruit tree fertilizer applicator special of the present invention operation, has time saving and energy saving saving of labor, and fertilising is even, Crop is effective, and crop root is injured to the advantages such as little.

Claims (3)

1. a planting fruit-trees fertilizer applicator special, by swing handle (1), support (2), support wheel carrier (4), support wheel (5), transmission device (6), driving wheel/gauge wheel (7), covering device (8), plough (9), falsework (10), fertilizer apparatus (11) and contain fertile case (12) and forms, between described swing handle (1) and support (2), between support wheel carrier (4) and support (2), between falsework (10) and support (2), be to be socketed between plough (9) and falsework (10) and fastened by bolt clip; The fertile case of described Sheng (12) and fertilizer apparatus (11) are separately fixed at the upper and lower surface of containing fertile box bracket by bolt, fertilizer apparatus (11) adopts general outer groove-wheel fertilizer apparatus, by driving wheel/gauge wheel (7), by transmission device (6), provides power; Described support wheel (5) and support between wheel carrier (4), between driving wheel/gauge wheel/gauge wheel (7) and falsework (10), between covering device (8) and plough (9), to pass through respectively bolt shaft hinged, it is characterized in that:
Described support (2) is a T-shaped, and front end has an arc-shaped slot (3), described arc-shaped slot (3) for take crop root slightly top be the center of circle, the track that makes institute's fertilise is for take the circle that crop root is the center of circle.
2. a planting fruit-trees fertilizer applicator special according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described driving wheel/gauge wheel (7) is used for controlling fertilization depth and provides power for fertilizer apparatus (11), and described support wheel (5) is for maintaining the balance of whole device.
3. a planting fruit-trees fertilizer applicator special according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described plough (9) is adjustable with the upper-lower position of falsework (10), by changing the relative position regulated fertilization degree of depth of plough (9) and driving wheel/gauge wheel (7).
CN201310061725.7A 2013-02-27 2013-02-27 Special fertilizer applicator for fruit tree Active CN103109631B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103749055B (en) * 2014-01-09 2016-04-20 李良刚 Tree intermittent fertilization control mechanism
CN105409412B (en) * 2015-12-12 2017-11-03 沈阳农业大学 Ejection type fertilizer apparatus
CN107484472A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-12-19 普定县豪泰农业科技有限公司 A kind of ring-type plough plane for applying fruit trees with fertilizer digs machine and applying fruit trees with fertilizer method
CN107646248A (en) * 2017-08-25 2018-02-02 普定县豪泰农业科技有限公司 A kind of trench digger and operating method for applying fruit trees with fertilizer
CN107509428A (en) * 2017-09-28 2017-12-26 青岛农业大学 A kind of fertilizer applicator for fruit trees
CN108990479A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-12-14 怀宁县涛涛家庭农场 A kind of fertilizer apparatus of uniform of application

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200953743Y (en) * 2006-10-19 2007-10-03 张福军 Multifunctional fertilizer-application machine
CN201167477Y (en) * 2008-01-25 2008-12-24 宋志华 Rotary type manual fertilizer spreader
CN101836532B (en) * 2010-05-20 2011-12-28 崔文仁 Manual gravity flow type fertilizer applicator for fruit trees
US8499703B2 (en) * 2010-12-08 2013-08-06 Matthew P. Hagny Seed tube mounting assembly for agricultural seeder
CN202385488U (en) * 2011-11-11 2012-08-22 山西省农业科学院小麦研究所 All-in-one machine for stalk opening, ditching, topdressing and suppressing in stubble no-tillage summer-seeding corn field

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