CN103106982B - Active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103106982B
CN103106982B CN201310031747.9A CN201310031747A CN103106982B CN 103106982 B CN103106982 B CN 103106982B CN 201310031747 A CN201310031747 A CN 201310031747A CN 103106982 B CN103106982 B CN 103106982B
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wire
roundel
twist
machine
shaft group
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CN103106982A (en
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谭良明
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DONGGUAN JINGTIE MACHINERY Co Ltd
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DONGGUAN JINGTIE MACHINERY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine, it includes frame, apparatus for destranding paying-off wire and rotational strain device, and apparatus for destranding paying-off wire includes payingoff mechanism and back-twisting mechanism;A kind of method making this active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine is also disclosed, the present invention provides the reasonable in design of active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine, ingenious, can be quick with the identical tension of predefined size, core is transported to wire twisting machine by balance, rotational strain device and the work of wire twisting machine are in the same direction with rotating speed action simultaneously, it is prevented effectively from and sprains core, and tension force control accuracy is high, core tension force is automatically and continuously detected in whole production process, regulation, remain constant, achieve the defeated line of identical tension truly, and it is easy to operate, it is substantially reduced labor intensity, and ensure that the quality of product, it is beneficial to improve enterprise competitiveness;The technique of the manufacture method that the present invention provides is simple, low cost, it is easy to accomplish, can quickly prepare active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine.

Description

Active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to constant force Setting-out Technique field, particularly to a kind of active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Present Global is striding into information-intensive society, and construction of information expressway just develops rapidly in some industrialized countries, to realizing this epoch-making blue print at initial stage 21st century.LAN is the ultimate unit constituting High speed Information Network, so the demand of LAN data cable the most rapidly increases, simultaneously to the transmission speed of data cable it is also proposed that the highest requirement, the standard of data cable is also being constantly updated, from three the earliest, four classes, it is gradually transitions five classes, surpasses five classes, to six classes, the seven class cables of today, matched production technology is also changing.Current data cable production technology processing procedure is generally: core insulation extrusion, heart yearn pair twist, twisted pair wire stranding, squeeze jacket, lopping, packaging, all there is twisted pair wire back twist in stranding production technology for the technical barrier in terms of line.
Most domestic manufacturing enterprise mainly takes following two twisted pair wire cabling process.
One is magnetic powder tension force back twist paying out machine, and corollary equipment includes magnetic powder tension force back twist paying out machine, set eye die holder, simple lay cable-former.Its draw drum is placed on a vertical rotating dish, frequency conversion motor drive, can rotation equidirectional with simple lay stranding, 100% back twist can be realized, laying tension is by magnetic powder brake control, and Tensity size is stepless adjustable.This process equipment shortcoming is that during dishful, drum is heavier, is easily broken by line owing to it uses passive unwrapping wire.Rotary body is vertical installation simultaneously, and bottom bearing bears bigger axial force, works long hours under high speed rotating state, and bearing wear is relatively big, is substantially reduced the whole service life of equipment.
Another kind is active back-twist paying out machine, and corollary equipment includes active back-twist paying out machine, swing arm tension bracket, set eye die holder, simple lay cable-former.Its draw drum is placed in horizontal rotating disc, when outside rotating disk is while rotating, and internal draw drum is driven by motor, and the most equidirectional rotation, can realize back twist process actively supplies line.Need not carry on a shoulder pole heart yearn and be attenuated the drawback broken, but there is also weak point, owing to the guide wheel of tension bracket can not rotate with simple lay cable-former simultaneously, therefore the twisted pair wire from unwrapping wire main frame back twist can not discharge in time, and twisted pair wire is just being sprained after tension bracket guide wheel.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned deficiency, one of the object of the invention is, it is provided that a kind of reasonable in design, ingenious, can with the identical tension of predefined size quickly, core is transported to wire twisting machine, and avoids spraining the active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine of core by balance.
The present invention also aims to, it is provided that a kind of method being used for making aforementioned active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine.
The present invention is for achieving the above object, the technical scheme provided is: a kind of active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine, it includes frame and is arranged on the apparatus for destranding paying-off wire in this frame and rotational strain device, described apparatus for destranding paying-off wire includes payingoff mechanism and the back-twisting mechanism arranged with this payingoff mechanism concentric, this back-twisting mechanism is connected with described rotational strain device by back twist driven shaft, and drives this rotational strain device synchronous axial system.
nullAs a modification of the present invention,Described back-twisting mechanism includes back twist motor、Back twist driving shaft group、Wire cylinder、Coupling bar、First crosses wire carrier、Second crosses wire carrier、3rd crosses wire carrier、First big disk、Second largest disk and the third-largest disk,Described back twist driving shaft group is movably arranged in described frame,One end position of the corresponding described back twist driving shaft group of described back twist motor is arranged in described frame,And be connected with back twist driving shaft group by pulley assembly,Described first big disk is arranged on the other end of described back twist driving shaft group,Second largest disk and the third-largest disk are spaced concentric successively by coupling bar and arrange,The home position of the third-largest disk is connected with one end of described back twist driven shaft,Described first big disk、Position, multiple hole it is arranged with on second largest disk and the third-largest disk,One end of described wire cylinder is arranged on the peripheral position of described first big disk,The other end is arranged on the peripheral position of described second largest disk,Described first position crossing the corresponding described wire cylinder of wire carrier is arranged on described coupling bar,Second crosses corresponding described first position crossing wire carrier of wire carrier is arranged on described second largest disk towards on the side of the third-largest disk,The 3rd wire hole position crossing the corresponding described back twist driven shaft of wire carrier is arranged on the third-largest disk.
As a modification of the present invention, described payingoff mechanism includes unwrapping wire motor, unwrapping wire driving shaft group, unwrapping wire driven shaft group and draw drum, described unwrapping wire driving shaft group is movably arranged in described back twist driving shaft group, and stretch out from described first big disk, one end position of the corresponding described unwrapping wire driving shaft group of described unwrapping wire motor is arranged in described frame, and be connected with unwrapping wire driving shaft group by pulley assembly, the other end position of the corresponding described unwrapping wire driving shaft group of described unwrapping wire driven shaft group is arranged on described second largest disk, this unwrapping wire driven shaft group is arranged with described unwrapping wire driving shaft group concentric, and can relatively this unwrapping wire driving shaft group draw close or separately action, to form an assembling position being used for placing described draw drum, described draw drum is arranged on this assembling position.
nullAs a modification of the present invention,Described rotational strain device includes the first roundel、Second roundel、3rd roundel、Optical axis、Linear axis bearing、Fixing tension force wheels、Active tension wheels、Center wire-passing tube、Chain gear transmission feedback device and counterweight regulating block,Described first roundel is arranged on the other end on described back twist driven shaft,One end of described optical axis is arranged on the peripheral position of described first roundel,The other end is arranged on the peripheral position of described 3rd roundel,3rd roundel is arranged in frame by rotary-driven shaft,Described second roundel is movably set on optical axis by linear axis bearing,And can draw close or separately action by the most described first roundel,Described fixing tension force wheels are arranged on the first roundel towards on the side of the second roundel,Described active tension wheels are arranged on the second roundel towards on the side of the first roundel,One end of described center wire-passing tube sequentially passes through rotary-driven shaft and the 3rd roundel,And can be connected by ball bearing and the second roundel,Described chain gear transmission feedback device is arranged on described frame side,Described counterweight regulating block is connected through the other end of described chain gear transmission feedback device with described center wire-passing tube by chain.
As a modification of the present invention, described chain gear transmission feedback device includes sprocket wheel, centre of sprocket axle, converter, gear and the potentiometer being meshed with this gear, described sprocket wheel is movably arranged on described frame side by centre of sprocket axle, described gear is arranged on described centre of sprocket axle, and described converter is connected with this potentiometer and unwrapping wire motor respectively.
A kind of method making above-mentioned active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine, it comprises the following steps: (1) makes frame;(2) making apparatus for destranding paying-off wire, be arranged on by apparatus for destranding paying-off wire in described frame, this apparatus for destranding paying-off wire includes payingoff mechanism and the back-twisting mechanism arranged with this payingoff mechanism concentric, it is achieved can the core on draw drum is quick, Differential Output;(3) rotational strain device is made, realize operationally, core is transported to wire twisting machine by, balance quick with the identical tension of predefined size, described rotational strain device is arranged in frame, by back twist driven shaft, this rotational strain device is connected with described back-twisting mechanism, make this back-twisting mechanism while rotating, and can synchronize to drive the rotation of rotational strain device, prepared active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine.
As a modification of the present invention, described step (2) specifically includes following steps: (2.1) preparation back twist motor, back twist driving shaft group, wire cylinder, coupling bar, first crosses wire carrier, second cross wire carrier, the 3rd cross wire carrier, the first big disk, second largest disk and the third-largest disk;(2.2) on the first big disk, second largest disk and the third-largest disk, position, symmetrically arranged hole, the center of circle it is respectively equipped with;(2.3) described back twist driving shaft group being movably arranged in described frame, described back twist motor is arranged in described frame by an end position of corresponding described back twist driving shaft group, and makes this back twist motor be connected with back twist driving shaft group by pulley assembly;(2.4) described first big disk is arranged on the other end of described back twist driving shaft group, second largest disk and the third-largest disk and is spaced concentric setting successively by coupling bar, one end of described back twist driven shaft is connected with the home position of the third-largest disk;(2.5) one end of described wire cylinder is arranged on the peripheral position of described first big disk, the other end of this wire cylinder is arranged on the peripheral position of described second largest disk, the position of corresponding described wire cylinder is crossed wire carrier by described first and is arranged on described coupling bar, corresponding described first crosses the position of wire carrier crosses second wire carrier and is arranged on described second largest disk towards on the side of the third-largest disk, and the wire hole position of corresponding described back twist driven shaft is crossed wire carrier by the 3rd and is arranged on the third-largest disk;(2.6) preparation unwrapping wire motor, unwrapping wire driving shaft group, unwrapping wire driven shaft group and draw drum;(2.7) described unwrapping wire driving shaft group is movably arranged in described back twist driving shaft group, and stretch out from described first big disk, described unwrapping wire motor is arranged in described frame by one end position of corresponding described unwrapping wire driving shaft group, and be connected with unwrapping wire driving shaft group by pulley assembly, described unwrapping wire driven shaft group is arranged on described second largest disk by the other end position of corresponding described unwrapping wire driving shaft group, this unwrapping wire driven shaft group is arranged with described unwrapping wire driving shaft group concentric, and can relatively this unwrapping wire driving shaft group draw close or separately action, to form an assembling position being used for placing described draw drum, described draw drum is arranged on this assembling position, prepare apparatus for destranding paying-off wire.
As a modification of the present invention, described step (3) specifically includes following steps: (3.1) prepare the first roundel, the second roundel, the 3rd roundel, optical axis, linear axis bearing, fixing tension force wheels, active tension wheels, center wire-passing tube, chain gear transmission feedback device and counterweight regulating block;(3.2) described first roundel is arranged on the other end on described back twist driven shaft;(3.3) one end of described optical axis is arranged on the peripheral position of described first roundel, and the other end is arranged on the peripheral position of described 3rd roundel;(3.4) by rotary-driven shaft, described 3rd roundel is arranged in frame, by linear axis bearing, described second roundel is movably set on optical axis, and make this second roundel to draw close or separately action by the most described first roundel;(3.5) described fixing tension force wheels are arranged on the first roundel towards on the side of the second roundel, described active tension wheels are arranged on the second roundel towards on the side of the first roundel;(3.6) one end of described center wire-passing tube is sequentially passed through rotary-driven shaft and the 3rd roundel, and can be connected by ball bearing and the second roundel;(3.7) described chain gear transmission feedback device being arranged on described frame side, described counterweight regulating block is connected through the other end of described chain gear transmission feedback device with described center wire-passing tube by chain, prepares rotational strain device.
As a modification of the present invention, described chain gear transmission feedback device includes sprocket wheel, centre of sprocket axle, converter, gear and the potentiometer being meshed with this gear, described sprocket wheel is movably arranged on described frame side by centre of sprocket axle, described gear is arranged on described centre of sprocket axle, and described converter is connected with this potentiometer and unwrapping wire motor respectively.
As a modification of the present invention, it is further comprising the steps of: (4) go between, the end of a thread of core on described draw drum is transported to first through described wire cylinder and crosses wire carrier, then pass through the position, hole on the first mistake wire carrier and be transported to the second mistake wire carrier, it is then transported to the 3rd and crosses wire carrier, the wire hole then passing through back twist driven shaft is transported to fixing tension force wheels, followed by being transported to active tension wheels, and wraparound fixes tension force wheels, eventually pass through center wire-passing tube and the end of a thread is received wire twisting machine;(5) go between complete, set turning to and turning degree of rotational strain device and wire twisting machine, make both turn to and to turn degree consistent, it is achieved there is no relative motion between the two, it is to avoid sprain core;(6) open active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine, start defeated line;(7) when the payingoff speed of active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine and the take-up speed of wire twisting machine are identical, active tension wheels are positioned at the centre position of optical axis with the second roundel;When payingoff speed diminishes, active tension wheels move to the first roundel one side position with the second roundel, otherwise toward moving to right;Meanwhile, second roundel drives center wire-passing tube axially-movable, center wire-passing tube drives described counterweight regulating block to make corresponding lifting action by chain accordingly, and then force chain wheel belt to cross pinion rotation, potentiometer sensing feeds back to converter, payingoff speed is regulated by converter accordingly, and the take-up speed of payingoff speed with wire twisting machine to keep active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine is consistent, it is achieved back twist constant force unwrapping wire;(8) repeat step (4) to (7), enter the recycling in next cycle.
The invention have the benefit that the present invention provides the reasonable in design of active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine, ingenious, can be quick with the identical tension of predefined size, core is transported to wire twisting machine by balance, rotational strain device and the work of wire twisting machine are in the same direction with rotating speed action simultaneously, it is prevented effectively from and sprains core, and tension force control accuracy is high, core tension force is automatically and continuously detected in whole production process, regulation, remain constant, achieve the defeated line of identical tension truly, and it is easy to operate, it is substantially reduced labor intensity, and ensure that the quality of product, it is beneficial to improve enterprise competitiveness;The technique of the manufacture method that the present invention provides is simple, low cost, it is easy to accomplish, can quickly prepare active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine.
Using coupling bar that the first big disk, second largest disk and the third-largest disk are fixed on one piece, position, big disk all of hole is by boring machine together machine-shaping, and concentricity is high, and rotary inertia is little;Do not use welding method, be greatly improved production and efficiency of assembling, it is to avoid welding stress deformation.
Payingoff mechanism and back-twisting mechanism are respectively arranged with independent drive system, and back twist motor drives back-twisting mechanism to rotate, and i.e. realizes back twist technique, and unwrapping wire motor drives draw drum to rotate, it is achieved actively supply line, and all transmissions use Timing Belt, and noise is little, and stable drive is accurate.
The direction of rotation of payingoff mechanism rotation direction and back-twisting mechanism, in same axle system, is greatly simplified the wiring path of twisted pair wire, also it is avoided that the second order buckling of core deforms.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the vertical TV structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the conspectus during unwrapping wire of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation during use of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment: see Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, a kind of active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine that the embodiment of the present invention provides, it includes frame 1 and is arranged on the apparatus for destranding paying-off wire in this frame 1 and rotational strain device 2, described apparatus for destranding paying-off wire includes payingoff mechanism 3 and the back-twisting mechanism 4 arranged with this payingoff mechanism 3 concentric, this back-twisting mechanism 4 is connected with described rotational strain device 2 by back twist driven shaft 5, and drives this rotational strain device 2 synchronous axial system.
nullDescribed back-twisting mechanism 4 includes back twist motor 41、Back twist driving shaft group 42、Wire cylinder 43、Coupling bar 44、First crosses wire carrier 45、Second crosses wire carrier 46、3rd crosses wire carrier 47、First big disk 48、Second largest disk 49 and the third-largest disk 50,Described back twist driving shaft group 42 is movably arranged in described frame 1,One end position of the corresponding described back twist driving shaft group 42 of described back twist motor 41 is arranged in described frame 1,And be connected with back twist driving shaft group 42 by pulley assembly,Described first big disk 48 is arranged on the other end of described back twist driving shaft group 42,Second largest disk 49 and the third-largest disk 50 are spaced concentric successively by coupling bar 44 and arrange,The home position of the third-largest disk 50 is connected with one end of described back twist driven shaft 5,Described first big disk 48、Position, multiple hole it is arranged with on second largest disk 49 and the third-largest disk 50,One end of described wire cylinder 43 is arranged on the peripheral position of described first big disk 48,The other end is arranged on the peripheral position of described second largest disk 49,Described first position crossing the corresponding described wire cylinder 43 of wire carrier 45 is arranged on described coupling bar 44,Second crosses corresponding described first position crossing wire carrier 45 of wire carrier 46 is arranged on described second largest disk 49 towards on the side of the third-largest disk 50,The 3rd wire hole position crossing the corresponding described back twist driven shaft 5 of wire carrier 47 is arranged on the third-largest disk 50.
nullDescribed payingoff mechanism 3 includes unwrapping wire motor 31、Unwrapping wire driving shaft group 32、Unwrapping wire driven shaft group 33 and draw drum 34,Described unwrapping wire driving shaft group 32 is movably arranged in described back twist driving shaft group 42,And stretch out from described first big disk 48,One end position of the corresponding described unwrapping wire driving shaft group 32 of described unwrapping wire motor 31 is arranged in described frame 1,And be connected with unwrapping wire driving shaft group 32 by pulley assembly,The other end position of the corresponding described unwrapping wire driving shaft group 32 of described unwrapping wire driven shaft group 33 is arranged on described second largest disk 49,This unwrapping wire driven shaft group 33 is arranged with described unwrapping wire driving shaft group 32 concentric,And can relatively this unwrapping wire driving shaft group 32 draw close or separately action,To form an assembling position being used for placing described draw drum 34,Described draw drum 34 is arranged on this assembling position.
nullDescribed rotational strain device 2 includes the first roundel 21、Second roundel 22、3rd roundel 23、Optical axis 24、Linear axis bearing 25、Fixing tension force wheels 26、Active tension wheels 27、Center wire-passing tube 28、Chain gear transmission feedback device 29 and counterweight regulating block 30,Described first roundel 21 is arranged on the other end on described back twist driven shaft 5,One end of described optical axis 24 is arranged on the peripheral position of described first roundel 21,The other end is arranged on the peripheral position of described 3rd roundel 23,3rd roundel 23 is arranged in frame 1 by rotary-driven shaft,Described second roundel 22 is movably set on optical axis 24 by linear axis bearing 25,And can draw close or separately action by the most described first roundel 21,Described fixing tension force wheels 26 are arranged on the first roundel 21 towards on the side of the second roundel 22,Described active tension wheels 27 are arranged on the second roundel 22 towards on the side of the first roundel 21,One end of described center wire-passing tube 28 sequentially passes through rotary-driven shaft and the 3rd roundel 23,And can be connected by ball bearing and the second roundel 22,Described chain gear transmission feedback device 29 is arranged on described frame 1 side,Described counterweight regulating block 30 is connected through the other end of described chain gear transmission feedback device 29 with described center wire-passing tube 28 by chain.
Described chain gear transmission feedback device 29 includes sprocket wheel, centre of sprocket axle, converter, gear and the potentiometer being meshed with this gear, described sprocket wheel is movably arranged on described frame 1 side by centre of sprocket axle, described gear is arranged on described centre of sprocket axle, and described converter is connected with this potentiometer and unwrapping wire motor 31 respectively.
A kind of method making above-mentioned active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine, it comprises the following steps.
(1) frame 1 is made.
(2) making apparatus for destranding paying-off wire, be arranged on by apparatus for destranding paying-off wire in described frame 1, this apparatus for destranding paying-off wire includes payingoff mechanism 3 and the back-twisting mechanism 4 arranged with this payingoff mechanism 3 concentric, it is achieved can the core on draw drum 34 is quick, Differential Output;Described step (2) specifically includes following steps: (2.1) preparation back twist motor 41, back twist driving shaft group 42, wire cylinder 43, coupling bar 44, first wire carrier 45, second excessively is crossed wire carrier the 46, the 3rd and crossed wire carrier the 47, first big disk 48, second largest disk 49 and the third-largest disk 50;(2.2) on the first big disk 48, second largest disk 49 and the third-largest disk 50, position, symmetrically arranged hole, the center of circle it is respectively equipped with;(2.3) described back twist driving shaft group 42 is movably arranged in described frame 1, described back twist motor 41 is arranged in described frame 1 by one end position of corresponding described back twist driving shaft group 42, and makes this back twist motor 41 be connected with back twist driving shaft group 42 by pulley assembly;(2.4) described first big disk 48 is arranged on the other end of described back twist driving shaft group 42, second largest disk 49 and the third-largest disk 50 are spaced concentric successively by coupling bar 44 and arrange, and are connected with the home position of the third-largest disk 50 one end of described back twist driven shaft 5;(2.5) one end of described wire cylinder 43 is arranged on the peripheral position of described first big disk 48, the other end of this wire cylinder 43 is arranged on the peripheral position of described second largest disk 49, the position of corresponding described wire cylinder 43 is crossed wire carrier 45 by described first and is arranged on described coupling bar 44, corresponding described first crosses the position of wire carrier 45 crosses second wire carrier 46 and is arranged on described second largest disk 49 towards on the side of the third-largest disk 50, and the wire hole position of corresponding described back twist driven shaft 5 is crossed wire carrier 47 by the 3rd and is arranged on the third-largest disk 50;(2.6) preparation unwrapping wire motor 31, unwrapping wire driving shaft group 32, unwrapping wire driven shaft group 33 and draw drum 34;(2.7) described unwrapping wire driving shaft group 32 is movably arranged in described back twist driving shaft group 42, and stretch out from described first big disk 48, described unwrapping wire motor 31 is arranged in described frame 1 by one end position of corresponding described unwrapping wire driving shaft group 32, and be connected with unwrapping wire driving shaft group 32 by pulley assembly, described unwrapping wire driven shaft group 33 is arranged on described second largest disk 49 by the other end position of corresponding described unwrapping wire driving shaft group 32, this unwrapping wire driven shaft group 33 is arranged with described unwrapping wire driving shaft group 32 concentric, and can relatively this unwrapping wire driving shaft group 32 draw close or separately action, to form an assembling position being used for placing described draw drum 34, described draw drum 34 is arranged on this assembling position, prepare apparatus for destranding paying-off wire.
(3) rotational strain device 2 is made, realize operationally, core is transported to wire twisting machine by, balance quick with the identical tension of predefined size, described rotational strain device 2 is arranged in frame 1, by back twist driven shaft 5, this rotational strain device 2 is connected with described back-twisting mechanism 4, make this back-twisting mechanism 4 while rotating, and can synchronize driving rotational strain device 2 and rotate, prepared active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine.Described step (3) specifically includes following steps: (3.1) prepare first roundel the 21, second roundel the 22, the 3rd roundel 23, optical axis 24, linear axis bearing 25, fixing tension force wheels 26, active tension wheels 27, center wire-passing tube 28, chain gear transmission feedback device 29 and counterweight regulating block 30;(3.2) described first roundel 21 is arranged on the other end on described back twist driven shaft 5;(3.3) one end of described optical axis 24 is arranged on the peripheral position of described first roundel 21, and the other end is arranged on the peripheral position of described 3rd roundel 23;(3.4) by rotary-driven shaft, described 3rd roundel 23 is arranged in frame 1; by linear axis bearing 25, described second roundel 22 is movably set on optical axis 24, and makes this second roundel 22 to draw close or separately action by the most described first roundel 21;(3.5) described fixing tension force wheels 26 are arranged on the first roundel 21 towards on the side of the second roundel 22, described active tension wheels 27 are arranged on the second roundel 22 towards on the side of the first roundel 21;(3.6) one end of described center wire-passing tube 28 is sequentially passed through rotary-driven shaft and the 3rd roundel 23, and can be connected by ball bearing and the second roundel 22;(3.7) described chain gear transmission feedback device 29 being arranged on described frame 1 side, described counterweight regulating block 30 is connected through the other end of described chain gear transmission feedback device 29 with described center wire-passing tube 28 by chain, prepares rotational strain device 2.Described chain gear transmission feedback device 29 includes sprocket wheel, centre of sprocket axle, converter, gear and the potentiometer being meshed with this gear, described sprocket wheel is movably arranged on described frame 1 side by centre of sprocket axle, described gear is arranged on described centre of sprocket axle, and described converter is connected with this potentiometer and unwrapping wire motor 31 respectively.
(4) lead-in wire, the end of a thread of core on described draw drum 34 is transported to first through described wire cylinder 43 and crosses wire carrier 45, then pass through the position, hole on the first mistake wire carrier 45 and be transported to the second mistake wire carrier 46, it is then transported to the 3rd and crosses wire carrier 47, the wire hole then passing through back twist driven shaft 5 is transported to fixing tension force wheels 26, followed by being transported to active tension wheels 27, and tension force wheels 26 are fixed in wraparound, eventually pass through center wire-passing tube 28 and the end of a thread is received wire twisting machine.
(5) go between complete, set turning to and turning degree of rotational strain device 2 and wire twisting machine, make both turn to and to turn degree consistent, it is achieved there is no relative motion between the two, it is to avoid sprain core.
(6) open active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine, start defeated line.
(7) when the payingoff speed of active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine and the take-up speed of wire twisting machine are identical, active tension wheels 27 are positioned at the centre position of optical axis 24 with the second roundel 22;When payingoff speed diminishes, active tension wheels 27 move to the first roundel 21 1 side position with the second roundel 22, otherwise toward moving to right;Meanwhile, second roundel 22 drives center wire-passing tube 28 axially-movable, center wire-passing tube 28 drives described counterweight regulating block 30 to make corresponding lifting action by chain accordingly, and then force chain wheel belt to cross pinion rotation, potentiometer sensing feeds back to converter, payingoff speed is regulated by converter accordingly, and the take-up speed of payingoff speed with wire twisting machine to keep active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine is consistent, it is achieved back twist constant force unwrapping wire.
(8) repeat step (4) to (7), enter the recycling in next cycle.
Using coupling bar 44 that first big disk 48, second largest disk 49 and the third-largest disk 50 are fixed on one piece, position, big disk all of hole is by boring machine together machine-shaping, and concentricity is high, and rotary inertia is little;Do not use welding method, be greatly improved production and efficiency of assembling, it is to avoid welding stress deformation.
Payingoff mechanism 3 and back-twisting mechanism 4 are respectively arranged with independent drive system, and back twist motor 41 drives back-twisting mechanism 4 to rotate, and i.e. realizes back twist technique, unwrapping wire motor 31 drives draw drum 34 to rotate, it is achieved actively supply line, and all transmissions use Timing Belt, noise is little, and stable drive is accurate.
The direction of rotation of payingoff mechanism 3 rotation direction and back-twisting mechanism 4, in same axle system, is greatly simplified the wiring path of twisted pair wire, also it is avoided that the second order buckling of core deforms.
During use, the present invention can with the identical tension of predefined size quickly, core is transported to gather eye die holder 6 by balance, it is then transferred to wire twisting machine 7, rotational strain device 2 and the work of wire twisting machine 7 are in the same direction with rotating speed action simultaneously, it is prevented effectively from and sprains core, and tension force control accuracy is high, core tension force is automatically and continuously detected in whole production process, is regulated, remain constant, achieve the defeated line of identical tension truly, and easy to operate, it is substantially reduced labor intensity, and ensure that the quality of product.
The announcement of book and teaching according to the above description, above-mentioned embodiment can also be changed and revise by those skilled in the art in the invention.Therefore, the invention is not limited in detailed description of the invention disclosed and described above, should also be as some modifications and changes of the present invention falling in the scope of the claims of the present invention.Although additionally, employ some specific terms in this specification, but these terms are merely for convenience of description, the present invention is not constituted any restriction.

Claims (4)

1. the method making active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine, it is characterised in that it comprises the following steps:
(1) frame is made;
(2) making apparatus for destranding paying-off wire, be arranged on by apparatus for destranding paying-off wire in described frame, this apparatus for destranding paying-off wire includes payingoff mechanism and the back-twisting mechanism arranged with this payingoff mechanism concentric, it is achieved can the core on draw drum is quick, Differential Output;
(3) rotational strain device is made, realize operationally, core is transported to wire twisting machine by, balance quick with the identical tension of predefined size, described rotational strain device is arranged in frame, by back twist driven shaft, this rotational strain device is connected with described back-twisting mechanism, make this back-twisting mechanism while rotating, and can synchronize to drive the rotation of rotational strain device, prepared active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine;
Described step (2) specifically includes following steps:
(2.1) preparation back twist motor, back twist driving shaft group, wire cylinder, coupling bar, first cross wire carrier, second cross wire carrier, the 3rd cross wire carrier, the first big disk, second largest disk and the third-largest disk;
(2.2) on the first big disk, second largest disk and the third-largest disk, position, symmetrically arranged hole, the center of circle it is respectively equipped with;
(2.3) described back twist driving shaft group being movably arranged in described frame, described back twist motor is arranged in described frame by an end position of corresponding described back twist driving shaft group, and makes this back twist motor be connected with back twist driving shaft group by pulley assembly;
(2.4) described first big disk is arranged on the other end of described back twist driving shaft group, second largest disk and the third-largest disk and is spaced concentric setting successively by coupling bar, one end of described back twist driven shaft is connected with the home position of the third-largest disk;
(2.5) one end of described wire cylinder is arranged on the peripheral position of described first big disk, the other end of this wire cylinder is arranged on the peripheral position of described second largest disk, the position of corresponding described wire cylinder is crossed wire carrier by described first and is arranged on described coupling bar, corresponding described first crosses the position of wire carrier crosses second wire carrier and is arranged on described second largest disk towards on the side of the third-largest disk, and the wire hole position of corresponding described back twist driven shaft is crossed wire carrier by the 3rd and is arranged on the third-largest disk;
(2.6) preparation unwrapping wire motor, unwrapping wire driving shaft group, unwrapping wire driven shaft group and draw drum;
(2.7) described unwrapping wire driving shaft group is movably arranged in described back twist driving shaft group, and stretch out from described first big disk, described unwrapping wire motor is arranged in described frame by one end position of corresponding described unwrapping wire driving shaft group, and be connected with unwrapping wire driving shaft group by pulley assembly, described unwrapping wire driven shaft group is arranged on described second largest disk by the other end position of corresponding described unwrapping wire driving shaft group, this unwrapping wire driven shaft group is arranged with described unwrapping wire driving shaft group concentric, and can relatively this unwrapping wire driving shaft group draw close or separately action, to form an assembling position being used for placing described draw drum, described draw drum is arranged on this assembling position, prepare apparatus for destranding paying-off wire.
The method of making active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described step (3) specifically includes following steps:
(3.1) the first roundel, the second roundel, the 3rd roundel, optical axis, linear axis bearing, fixing tension force wheels, active tension wheels, center wire-passing tube, chain gear transmission feedback device and counterweight regulating block are prepared;
(3.2) described first roundel is arranged on the other end on described back twist driven shaft;
(3.3) one end of described optical axis is arranged on the peripheral position of described first roundel, and the other end is arranged on the peripheral position of described 3rd roundel;
(3.4) by rotary-driven shaft, described 3rd roundel is arranged in frame, by linear axis bearing, described second roundel is movably set on optical axis, and make this second roundel to draw close or separately action by the most described first roundel;
(3.5) described fixing tension force wheels are arranged on the first roundel towards on the side of the second roundel, described active tension wheels are arranged on the second roundel towards on the side of the first roundel;
(3.6) one end of described center wire-passing tube is sequentially passed through rotary-driven shaft and the 3rd roundel, and can be connected by ball bearing and the second roundel;
(3.7) described chain gear transmission feedback device being arranged on described frame side, described counterweight regulating block is connected through the other end of described chain gear transmission feedback device with described center wire-passing tube by chain, prepares rotational strain device.
The method of making active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine the most according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described chain gear transmission feedback device includes sprocket wheel, centre of sprocket axle, converter, gear and the potentiometer being meshed with this gear, described sprocket wheel is movably arranged on described frame side by centre of sprocket axle, described gear is arranged on described centre of sprocket axle, and described converter is connected with this potentiometer and unwrapping wire motor respectively.
The method of making active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that it is further comprising the steps of:
(4) lead-in wire, the end of a thread of core on described draw drum is transported to first through described wire cylinder and crosses wire carrier, then pass through the position, hole on the first mistake wire carrier and be transported to the second mistake wire carrier, it is then transported to the 3rd and crosses wire carrier, the wire hole then passing through back twist driven shaft is transported to fixing tension force wheels, followed by being transported to active tension wheels, and tension force wheels are fixed in wraparound, eventually pass through center wire-passing tube and the end of a thread is received wire twisting machine;
(5) go between complete, set turning to and turning degree of rotational strain device and wire twisting machine, make both turn to and to turn degree consistent, it is achieved there is no relative motion between the two, it is to avoid sprain core;
(6) open active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine, start defeated line;
(7) when the payingoff speed of active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine and the take-up speed of wire twisting machine are identical, active tension wheels are positioned at the centre position of optical axis with the second roundel;When payingoff speed diminishes, active tension wheels move to the first roundel one side position with the second roundel, otherwise toward moving to right;Meanwhile, second roundel drives center wire-passing tube axially-movable, center wire-passing tube drives described counterweight regulating block to make corresponding lifting action by chain accordingly, and then force chain wheel belt to cross pinion rotation, potentiometer sensing feeds back to converter, payingoff speed is regulated by converter accordingly, and the take-up speed of payingoff speed with wire twisting machine to keep active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine is consistent, it is achieved back twist constant force unwrapping wire;
(8) repeat step (4) to (7), enter the recycling in next cycle.
CN201310031747.9A 2013-01-29 2013-01-29 Active back-twist constant-force pay-off machine and preparation method thereof Active CN103106982B (en)

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