CN103101632B - Unmanned aerial vehicle body modularization folding tool platform and usage of the same - Google Patents

Unmanned aerial vehicle body modularization folding tool platform and usage of the same Download PDF

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CN103101632B
CN103101632B CN 201210588222 CN201210588222A CN103101632B CN 103101632 B CN103101632 B CN 103101632B CN 201210588222 CN201210588222 CN 201210588222 CN 201210588222 A CN201210588222 A CN 201210588222A CN 103101632 B CN103101632 B CN 103101632B
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positioning
plate
body
lower
base
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CN 201210588222
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CN103101632A (en
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石小红
吴高强
秦俊
赵敏
庄震宇
丁磊
崔巍
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中国人民解放军总参谋部第六十研究所
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Abstract

本发明无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台及其使用方法涉及的是一种用于复合材料板件的无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台及其使用方法。 UAV body collapsed modular tooling platform of the present invention relates to methods of use thereof modular UAV A composite body panel tooling platform for collapse and methods of use. 包括基础平台、主体结构件、下板件合拢件和上板件合拢件;主体结构件组成了工装的主体框架,快速拼接重复构建反复使用,主体结构件包括几种不同高度的支撑杆、压板、基础定位板、连接板和下板件托框;下板件合拢件包括下板件限位板、下翼安装组件、前发射支点安装组件、后射支点安装组件、立式框板定位座、进气道前端定位组件和进气道后端定位组件;上板件合拢件包括机头安装组件、上板件限位板、尾翼安装组件、上板件安装框组件和机翼安装滑台。 Comprises a base platform, the body structure, the lower plate member and the closure member closed upper plate member; the main structural components of the body frame tooling, rapid build repeatedly repeating mosaic, the main structure comprises several different heights of the support rods, the platen , base positioning plate, the connecting plate and the lower plate member holding frame; lower closure plate member includes a lower plate member stopper plate, lower wing mounting assembly pivot mounting assembly prior to transmission, the outgoing pivot mounting assembly, the vertical frame plate spud , inlet port located in the front and rear assembly positioning assembly; an upper plate member comprises a closure member head mounting assembly, the upper plate member stopper plate, tail mounting assembly, the upper plate member and mounting frame assembly mounted slide wing . 所述基础平台,开有矩阵式梯形槽,用于各种不同机型的机体合拢工装平台。 The base platform, matrix trapezoidal groove is opened, the body for a variety of different models tooling closed internet.

Description

无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台及其使用方法 UAV body collapsed modular tooling platform and method of use

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台及其使用方法涉及的是一种用于复合材料板件的无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台及其使用方法。 [0001] The present invention is a modular UAV body collapse tooling platform and methods of use relates to a modular UAV A composite body panel tooling platform for collapse and methods of use.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,各类新型无人机研发周期短、速度快,传统的整体化合拢工装设计思路和加工周期难以满足现实要求,而且整体工装的加工难度大造价高,存储及运输极不方便,不适于的现代化无人机的生产。 [0002] Currently, new types of UAV development cycle is short, fast, traditional integrated closed tooling design ideas and processing cycle is difficult to meet the practical requirements, tooling and overall difficulty of processing large high cost, storage and transportation very inconvenient not suitable for modern UAV production. 无人机的机体结构通常采用玻纤和碳纤复合材料,需要进行2次或多次分步合拢,新型无人机研发阶段还存在大量的改进需求,以往整体化结构不适应机型变换和升级改进的需要,局部不能调整,在使用过程中使用操作不方便。 UAV body structure usually glass and carbon composites, performed twice or more fractional closed, new UAV development phase also there are a lot of needs to improve, overall structure suited conventional type conversion and upgrading improved need not be adjusted locally, using the operation is inconvenient during use.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的在于针对上述整体化合拢工装结构改进难、周期长等不足,提供一种无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台及其使用方法,是一种模块化的机体合拢工装平台,其特征在于进行模块化的组合,下板件合拢件、上板件合拢件分别满足了机体的分步合拢要求,工装平台可以根据机型的改进变换进行同步升级,满足不同种类机型的合拢要求,节约生产场地,非常适合于现代化研发类无人机的生产。 [0003] The object of the present invention is collapsed configuration for improving the above integrated tooling difficult and long period is insufficient, there is provided a modular UAV body collapse tooling platform and methods of use, is a modular tooling platform body collapse characterized in that the combination of modular, close the lower plate member, upper closure plate member satisfy the requirements of the body collapse step, tooling platform can be synchronized according to a modified transform models upgraded to meet different types of models closure requirements, saving production sites, ideally suited for modern research and development class UAV production.

[0004] 本发明无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台及其使用方法是采取以下技术方案实现: [0004] The present invention is a modular UAV body collapse tooling platform and methods of use to take the following technical solution:

[0005] 无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台工装平台包括基础平台1、主体结构件、下板件合拢件和上板件合拢件,4个基本组成部分。 [0005] UAV platform body tooling fixture collapsed modular platform comprises a base platform, the body structure, the lower plate member and the closure member closed the upper plate member, four basic components.

[0006] 所述的基础平台I的材料为铸铁,稳定性好变形小,台面水平且平面度高,开有矩阵式梯形槽,可以用于各种无不同机型的机体合拢工装平台。 [0006] The material of the base platform I is iron, good stability deformation, and the horizontal plane of the table is high, the trapezoidal groove opened matrix, different models may be used in a variety of non-collapsed body tooling internet.

[0007] 所述的主体结构件组成了工装的主体框架,可以快速拼接重复构建反复使用。 According to [0007] the main structural components of the body frame tooling, can quickly build repeatedly stitching repeated. 主体结构件包括几种不同高度的支撑杆、压板、基础定位板、连接板和下板件托框;支撑杆包括支撑杆一、支撑杆二,支撑杆一、支撑杆二的两端均有4个标准的定位孔,定位连接非常方便;压板用于将支撑杆一、支撑杆二分别固定在基础平台上;基础定位板包括基础定位板一、基础定位板二和基础定位板三,采用了矩阵式定位孔,在降低自身重量的同时,保持足够的刚性,可以分层进行组合,也可以根据机体不同长度自由连接;连接板分别用于基础定位板一、基础定位板二和基础定位板三的连接;下板件托框包括下板件托框一、下板件托框二、下板件托框三、下板件托框四、下板件托框五,下板件托框一安装在基础定位板一下方,下板件托框二安装在基础定位板二上方,下板件托框三、下板件托框四和下板件托框五分别安装在基础定位板三上,左 The main structure element comprises several different heights of the support rods, the platen, the positioning base plate, the connecting plate and the lower plate member holding frame; support bar comprises a support bar, two support bars, one support bar, the support rod ends are two four standard positioning holes, the positioning is very easy connection; a platen for supporting rod, two support rods are fixed to the base platform; base includes a base plate locating a positioning plate, the base plate positioning and two three basic positioning plate, using the positioning hole matrix, reducing its own weight while maintaining sufficient rigidity, can be layered in combination, may be connected in accordance with the different length of the free body; positioning web for the base plate, respectively, a basic two positioning plate positioning and base connecting plate three; lower panel holding frame comprises a lower plate member holding frame a lower plate member holding frame two, the lower plate member holding frame three, the lower plate member holding frame four lower plate member torr box 5, the lower plate member Torr block a mounting on the basis of the positioning plate at side, the lower plate member holding frame two mounted above the base positioning plate two lower plate member holding frame three, the lower plate member holding frame four and a lower plate member holding frame five are mounted on base positioning plate the three left 右连接;采用绞制孔螺钉进行主体结构件的定位与连接。 Right connection; stranding hole using a screw connection with the main structure positioning member.

[0008] 所述的下板件合拢件包括包括下板件限位板、下翼安装组件、前发射支点安装组件、后射支点安装组件、立式框板定位座、进气道前端定位组件和进气道后端定位组件;下板件限位板(左右对称)分别安装在基础定位板一、基础定位板三两侧的下方;下翼安装组件安装在基础平台上利用T型槽定位;前发射支点安装组件(左右各2件)安装在基础定位板一下方,后射支点安装组件(左右各2件)安装基础定位板三下方;立式框板定位座安装在基础定位板三上、进气道前端定位组件安装在基础定位板二上、进气道后端定位组件安装在基础定位板三上。 The lower plate member [0008] said closure member includes a lower plate member comprises a stopper plate, lower wing mounting assembly pivot mounting assembly prior to transmission, the outgoing pivot mounting assembly, the vertical positioning of seat frame plate, the front end of the positioning assembly inlet positioning assembly inlet and a rear end; a lower plate member stopper plate (symmetrical) are mounted on three sides beneath the base of a positioning plate, the base plate positioning; lower wing mounting assembly mounted on the base platform is positioned a T-slot ; prior to transmission pivot mounting assembly (left and right 2) mounted on the base side at the positioning plate, the pivot mounting assembly shot (two on each side) plate positioned three lower mounting base; vertical frame plate mounted on the seat base is positioned three positioning plate on the inlet front end positioning assembly mounted on the base plate positioning two, port rear positioning assembly mounted on the base plate positioning three.

[0009] 所述的上板件合拢件包括机头安装组件、上板件限位板、尾翼安装组件、上板件安装框组件和机翼安装滑台。 [0009] The upper plate member comprises a closure head mounting assembly, the upper plate member stopper plate, tail mounting assembly, the mounting plate and wing assembly mounting frame slide. 机头安装组件安装在工装平台的头部利用左右两侧的基础定位板一固定;上板件限位板(左右对称)分别安装在基础定位板一和基础定位板三两侧的上方,使用手柄式定位销快速定位;尾翼安装组件安装在基础定位板三上,上板件安装框组件包括上板件压框一、上板件压框二分别安装在基础定位板三和基础定位板一上,机翼安装滑台组件安装在基础定位板三上。 Head mounting assembly mounted on the head tooling platform fixed by left and right sides of a base of the positioning plate; an upper plate member stopper plate (symmetrical) are mounted above the base three sides of the base and a positioning plate positioning plate, using the lever positioning pin rapid positioning; tail mounting assembly mounted on the base positioning plate three, the upper plate member mounting frame assembly comprises an upper plate member pressing frame an upper plate member pressing frame two are attached on the basis of the positioning plate and three basic positioning plate a on wing mounting slide assembly mounted on the base plate positioning three.

[0010] 所述的无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台的使用方法,其特征在于: [0010] The UAV body collapse use modular tooling platform, wherein:

[0011] 首先,在基础平台上拼装主体结构件,选择不同高度的支撑杆一和支撑杆二,其中支撑杆一高于支撑杆二,使用压板将支撑杆一、支撑杆二固定在基础平台上,压板采用螺杆安装在基础平台的矩阵式梯形槽内,支撑杆一和支撑杆二的两端分别开有4个标准的定位孔;基础定位板一和基础定位板二分别开有矩阵式定位孔,利用绞制孔螺钉分别将基础定位板一与支撑杆一连接,基础定位板二与支撑杆二连接,进行组合,然后再利用连接板首尾连接组成左侧框架,同样的拼装方法组成右侧框架;左、右两侧的框架的使用下板件托框一、下板件托框二、下板件托框三、下板件托框四、下板件托框五分别连接,下板件托框一、下板件托框二、下板件托框三、下板件托框四、下板件托框五分别开有统一尺寸和中心距的安装孔,利用绞制孔螺钉在基础定位板 [0011] First, on the basis of the body structure assembly platform, select a different height support rods and two support rods, wherein two support rods above a support rod, a press plate to a support bar, two support bars fixed to the base platform on a matrix platen trapezoidal groove of the screw mounted on the base platform, a support rod ends are opened and two support rods 4 of the standard positioning holes; a base plate and positioning the positioning plate two basic matrix are opened positioning holes, respectively, using the screw holes stranding the base plate is positioned with a supporting rod connected to a basic two positioning plate connected to the two support rods, combined, and then use web composed of left side frame connected end to end, the assembly method of the same composition a right side frame; the frame plate using the left and right sides of a carrier frame, two lower plate member holding frame, the holding frame plate three, four lower plate holding frame, the holding frame plate are connected to five, the lower plate member holding frame a lower plate member holding frame two, the lower plate member holding frame three, the lower plate member holding frame four, stranding hole of the lower plate member holding frame five are opened from the mounting hole uniform size and center, using on the basis of the positioning plate screws 下方的对应位置连接固定,主体结构件安装完成。 Corresponding to the position below the fixed connection body structure installed.

[0012] 主体结构件安装完成后进行下板件合拢件的安装,首先,将下板件限位板分别安装在基础定位板一两侧的下方,下板件限位板起到无人机机体下板件左右两侧的限位作用;前发射支点安装组件包括定位安装座一、板件开孔钻套、支点定位手柄一,后发射支点安装组件包括定位安装座二、板件开孔钻套、支点定位手柄二,前发射支点安装组件和后发射支点安装组件分别安装在基础定位板一下方对应位置;板件开孔钻套用于复合材料机体下板件在工装里的开孔定位,将无人机下板件放入工装平台,进行下板件的开孔,开孔完成后抽出钻套,分别插入支点定位手柄一、支点定位手柄二,支点定位手柄一、支点定位手柄二分别用于前后发射支点和机体下板件的定位,快速锁紧定位。 [0012] mounted under the main structural member after the completion of mounting plate closure member, first, the lower plate below the stopper plate are mounted on both sides of a base plate is positioned, the lower plate member stopper plate serves UAV limiting the role of the left and right sides of the lower plate body; pivot mounting assembly comprises a front emission positioning a mount, drill bushing plate aperture, a positioning handle pivot, the pivot mounting assembly comprises a transmit positioning mounts two, aperture plate drill sleeve, two fulcrum positioning handle, pivot mounting assembly pre-launch and post-emitting pivot mounting assembly are mounted on base plate positioned at a position corresponding to the side; drill bushing plate aperture plate for positioning hole in the composite material body in the tooling the plate member into the lower tooling UAV platform, the openings of the lower plate member, after the completion of opening out the bit holder, are respectively inserted into the positioning handle a fulcrum, the fulcrum positioning handle two, positioning handle a fulcrum, the fulcrum handle two positioning They are used to transmit longitudinal positioning fulcrum and the lower plate member body, quick lock positioning.

[0013] 进气道前端定位组件包括滑动板和左右2件进气口定位件,滑动板可以在左右两侧的基础定位板二上前后滑动和定位,进气口定位件安装在滑动板上,定位件型面与复合材料的进气道前端内口配合,进气道后端定位组件安装在基础定位板一上,包括定位台和后端定位套及定位止口圈,定位台横跨在主体结构件上与基础定位板一连接,后端定位套垂直固定在定位台上,定位止口圈与后端定位套配合,止口圈止口部分与无人机进气道后端内壁配合,实现无人机进气道与机体板件工装中的空间定位;立式框板定位座分成左右两件分别安装在两侧基础定位板一上,保证无人机机体框板与机体下板件的垂直安装。 [0013] Inlet assembly comprises a slide plate located in the front left and right two intake ports positioning member, and a slide plate slidable on the titanium base positioned at the front and rear left and right sides of the positioning plate, the intake port is positioned in the slide plate member is mounted the positioning member distal profile of the air inlet mouth and composite material, the inlet assembly is mounted in the rear end is positioned based on a positioning plate, comprising a positioning table and a rear positioning stop and positioning sleeve mouth ring, a positioning table across on the basis of the body structure member and a positioning plate connected to the rear end of the positioning sleeve fixed perpendicularly to the positioning table, the rear end of the positioning ring and spigot locating sleeve fit, retaining ring inlet port portion and the rear end rabbet inner wall UAV cooperate with the body inlet spatial UAV tooling plate orientation; vertical spud into left and right frame plates are mounted on two sides of a base plate positioned on the body to ensure UAV body frame and the lower plate vertical mounting plate. 下翼安装组件由中心定位板和下翼定位块组合而成,中心定位板安装在基础平台上,以平台滑槽左右定位,下翼定位块16-2安装在中心定位板上,实现与下翼翼型配合定位;完成以上的安入机体合拢装后,将无人机下板件放工装平台内,可以进行机体下板件与各个框板、前后发射支点、进气道、下翼的定位和一次合拢固化。 Lower wing mounting assembly and plate combination of a centrally located lower wing positioning block formed, centrally located platform mounted on the base plate to the platform around the chute is positioned under the wing positioning block 16-2 positioning plate mounted in the center, to achieve lower positioning wing type complexes; safe completion of the above positioning means into the body after the closure, the discharge plate within the lower tooling UAV platform, the plate member may be the respective frame plate and the lower body, the front and rear pivot emission, the inlet, the lower wing and a curing collapse.

[0014] 一次合拢固化完成以后,进行机体上板件与下板件的合拢。 [0014] The collapse time after the completion of curing, a closure plate and the lower plate member on the body. 首次抽出进气道后端组件的定位止口套,取下进气道后端定位组件,取下立式框板定位座,将无人机机体上板件合在下板件上;机头安装组件安装在工装平台的前部,利用左右两侧的基础定位板一固定,机头安装组件由圆形止口内支持环和周向定位销组成,用于定位圆形的机体头部金属框;在主体结构件上安装上板件压框一、上板件压框二,上板件压框一、上板件压框二为半圆型与机身上板件外形相匹配;机翼安装滑台组件由左右两侧的支持块、横梁、竖梁组成,可以分别实现无人机机翼滑台等部件的空间定位;尾翼安装组件由左右两侧的支持块、横梁组成,横梁上有4个尾翼定位孔可以定位尾翼连接件;最后利用手柄式插销定位机体上板件限位板,上板件限位板分别安装在基础定位板一两侧的上方,上板件限位板可以防止合拢时上板件向外变形; Withdrawal of the first assembly positioning a rear end stop inlet port sleeve, a port to remove the rear end of the positioning assembly, remove the vertical positioning seat frame plate, the upper plate body UAV engaged on the lower plate member; mounting head tooling assembly is mounted in the front portion of the platform, using the left and right sides of the base plate a fixed positioning, head mounting assembly supported by the inner circular ring and the spigot composition circumferential direction positioning pins for positioning the head of a circular metal frame body; mounted on the main structural frame member pressing a plate member, two pressing frame upper plate member, a pressing frame upper plate member, the plate member is pressed two semi-circular frame body and the plate matches the outer shape; sliding wing mounted table assembly supported by the left and right blocks, beams, composed of both sides of the vertical beams, respectively, may be achieved unmanned aircraft like the slide member is positioned space station; tail mounting assembly of left and right sides by the support blocks, beams composed of the beam 4 a tail fin positioning holes may be positioned connecting member; Finally plate stopper plate positioned on the bolt handle type body, the upper plate member stopper plate are mounted above the base on both sides of a positioning plate, the upper plate can be prevented limiting plate member the upper plate member deformed when folded outwardly; 完成后进行机体的二次合拢固化,二次合拢固化后分别取下机头安装组件、机翼滑台组件、尾翼安装组件,向机头方向滑动进气道前端定位组件使止口部分脱开,将前、后发生支点定位套抽出,拔去插销取下两侧的上板件限位板,最后将合拢好的无人机机体在工装平台中取出。 After completion of the secondary closure for curing the body, are removed after closed head mounting assembly for a secondary cure, slide assembly wings, tail mounting assembly, the slide assembly positioned distal to the inlet direction so that the head is disengaged rabbet , front and rear fulcrum positioning sleeve occurs withdrawn, pulling the latch plate removed on both sides of the stopper plate, and finally the collapse of the body removed tooling good UAV platform.

[0015] 本发明无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台及其使用方法的优点: [0015] The present invention is a modular UAV body collapse and methods of using the tooling platform advantages:

[0016] 1、模块化组合设计,可以根据不同机体结构特点快速构建,通用性好,符合了现代化无人机产品的特点; [0016] 1, the combination of modular design, the body may be different according to the structural characteristics of rapid construction, versatility, and in line with the characteristics of modern UAV products;

[0017] 2、解决了复合材料的板件合拢时止口变形问题,满足了机体分步合拢的需要; [0017] 2, to solve the spigot member when collapse deformation composite plate material to meet the needs of the body collapse step;

[0018] 3、工装平台成本低,操作方便效率高,可拆卸存储适合于现代化生产的需要; [0018] 3, low cost tooling platform, easy to operate high efficiency, is suitable for the removable storage needs of modern production;

[0019] 4、采用了高精度的基础定位板等构件定位精度高,通过本工装平台合拢的机体具有较高的精度和可靠性。 [0019] 4, using a high precision positioning member base plate with high precision, with high accuracy and reliability of the present tooling platform collapsed body.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0020] 以下将结合附图对本发明作进一步说明: [0020] conjunction with the accompanying drawings will further illustrate the present invention:

[0021] 图1是本发明无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台结构示意图。 [0021] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the present invention, a modular body UAV platform tooling structure collapses.

[0022] 图2是本发明无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台立体图。 [0022] FIG. 2 is a modular body of the present invention UAV platform collapsed perspective view of tooling.

[0023] 图中的:1、基础平台,2、压板,3、支撑杆一,4、基础定位板一,5、前发射支点安装组件,6、连接板,7、下板件托框一,8、下板件限位板,9、下板件托框二,10、进气道前端定位组件,11、支撑杆二,12、后发射支点安装组件,13、连接螺母,14、下板件托框三,15、下板件托框四,16、下翼安装组件,17、下板件托框五,18、手柄式定位销,19、尾翼安装组件,20、上板件压框一,21、进气道后定位组件,22、立式框板定位座,23、机翼安装滑台组件,24、绞制孔螺钉,25、上板件压框二,26、上板件限位板,27、机头安装组件,28、基础定位板二,29、基础定位板三。 [0023] FIG: 1, the base platform 2, the pressure plate 3, a support rod 4, a base plate is positioned, 5, pivot mounting assembly prior to transmission, 6, connecting plate 7, a lower plate member holding frame 8, the lower plate member stopper plate, 9, two lower plate holding frame 10, a front end intake positioning assembly 11, two support rods 12, the emission pivot mounting assembly 13, the coupling nut 14, the plate holding frame three, 15, the lower plate member holding frame four, 16, the lower wing mounting assembly 17, a lower plate member holding frame five, 18, handle positioning pin 19, tail mounting assembly 20, the upper plate member pressing a box, 21, after the positioning of the inlet assembly, 22, a vertical frame plate locating base 23, the wing mounting slide assembly 24, screw hole stranding, 25, two of the upper plate member pressing frame 26, the upper plate limiting plate member 27, head mounting assembly, 28, two basic positioning plate 29, three basic positioning plate.

[0024] 5-1、定位安装座一,5-2、支点定位手柄一,12-1、定位安装座二,12-2、支点定位手柄二,16-1、中心定位板,16-2、下翼定位块。 [0024] 5-1, a positioning mount, 5-2, a positioning handle pivot, 12-1, two positioning mounts, 12-2, two positioning handle pivot, 16-1, centrally located plate, 16-2 , the wing positioning block.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0025] 参照附图1、2,无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台包括基础平台1、主体结构件、下板件合拢件和上板件合拢件,4个基本组成部分。 [0025] Referring to figures 1 and 2, the collapsed modular tooling UAV platform body comprises a base platform 1, the body structure, the lower plate member and the closure member closed the upper plate member, four basic components.

[0026] 所述的基础平台I的材料为铸铁,稳定性好变形小,台面水平且平面度高,开有矩阵式梯形槽,可以用于各种无不同机型的机体合拢工装平台。 [0026] The material of the base platform I is iron, good stability deformation, and the horizontal plane of the table is high, the trapezoidal groove opened matrix, different models may be used in a variety of non-collapsed body tooling internet.

[0027] 所述的主体结构件组成了工装的主体框架,可以快速拼接重复构建反复使用。 According to [0027] the main structural components of the body frame tooling, can quickly build repeatedly stitching repeated. 主体结构件包括几种不同高度的支撑杆、压板2、基础定位板、连接板6和下板件托框;支撑杆包括支撑杆一3、支撑杆二11,支撑杆一3、支撑杆二11的两端均有4个标准的定位孔,定位连接非常方便;压板2用于将支撑杆一3、支撑杆二11分别固定在基础平台I上;基础定位板包括基础定位板一4、基础定位板二28和基础定位板三29,采用了矩阵式定位孔,在降低自身重量的同时,保持足够的刚性,可以分层进行组合,也可以根据机体不同长度自由连接;连接板6分别用于基础定位板一4、基础定位板二28和基础定位板三29的连接;下板件托框包括下板件托框一7、下板件托框二9、下板件托框三14、下板件托框四15、下板件托框五17,下板件托框一7安装在基础定位板一4下方,下板件托框二9安装在基础定位板二28上方,下板件托框三14、下板件托框四15和下板件托框五17分别 The main structure element comprises several different heights of the support bar, the pressure plate 2, the positioning base plate, the connection plate 6 and the lower plate member holding frame; support bar comprises a support bar 3, two support bars 11, a support bar 3, two support rods the ends 11 are four standard positioning holes, the positioning is very easy connection; platen 2 for a support bar 3, two support rods 11 are fixed to the base platform I; base includes a base plate locating a positioning plate 4, positioning base plate 28 and two three basic positioning plate 29, the positioning holes using a matrix, reducing its own weight while maintaining sufficient rigidity, can be layered in combination may be freely connected depending on the length of the body; the web 6, respectively 4 for one, two positioning plate 28 connected to the foundation and the base 29 of the positioning plate three basic positioning plate; a lower plate member comprises a holding frame holding frame a lower plate member 7, the lower plate member 9 holding frame two, three lower plate member holding frame 14, the lower plate member holding frame four 15, the lower plate member holding frame 5:17, the lower plate member holding frame a 7 installed below the base positioning plate a 4, lower panel holding frame two 9 is mounted above the base positioning plate two 28, three lower plate holding frame 14, the lower plate member 15 and a lower holding frame four panel holding frame 17, respectively, five 装在基础定位板三29上,左右连接;采用绞制孔螺钉24进行主体结构件的定位与连接。 Positioning plate mounted on the base 29 three, about the connection; stranding hole using a screw connection body 24 is positioned with the structural member.

[0028] 所述的下板件合拢件包括包括下板件限位板8、下翼安装组件16、前发射支点安装组件5、后射支点安装组件12、立式框板定位座22、进气道前端定位组件10和进气道后端定位组件21 ;下板件限位板8所述的前发射支点安装组件5包括定位安装座一5-1、板件开孔钻套、支点定位手柄一5-2 ;后发射支点安装组件12包括定位安装座二12-1、板件开孔钻套、支点定位手柄二12-2,前发射支点安装组件5和后发射支点安装组件12分别安装在基础定位板一4下方对应位置。 The lower plate member [0028] said closure member includes a lower plate member comprises a stopper plate 8, the lower wing mounting assembly 16, pivot mounting assembly prior to transmission 5, the pivot mounting assembly 12 exit vertical frame plate positioning seat 22, into the airway port 10 and the front end of the rear end of the positioning assembly positioning assembly 21; pivot mounting assembly prior to transmission of the lower plate member 8, the stopper plate 5 comprises a positioning mounts 5-1, drill bushing plate aperture, positioning a fulcrum 5-2 a handle; after launch pivot mounting assembly 12 includes a positioning mounts two 12-1, bit holder plate openings, two fulcrum positioning handle 12-2, prior to transmission 5 and the rear pivot mounting assembly pivot mounting assembly 12 are emitted mounted beneath a base plate 4 corresponding to the positioning position. 板件开孔钻套用于复合材料机体下板件在工装里的开孔定位,将无人机下板件放入工装平台,进行下板件的开孔,开孔完成后抽出钻套,分别插入支点定位手柄一5-1、支点定位手柄二12-1,支点定位手柄一5-1、支点定位手柄二12-1分别用于前后发射支点和机体下板件的定位,可以快速锁紧定位。 Drill bushing plate aperture apertured plate for positioning the tooling element inside the body of the composite material, the lower plate member into the tooling UAV platform, the lower plate aperture, the opening out is completed drill bushing, respectively, inserting a positioning handle pivot 5-1, two fulcrum positioning handle 12-1, a positioning handle pivot 5-1, 12-1, respectively, two fulcrum positioning handle for positioning the front and rear pivot emitting plate member and the lower body, the locking quickly positioning.

[0029] 所述的进气道前端定位组件10包括滑动板和左右2件进气口定位件,滑动板可以在左右两侧的基础定位板二28上(较低的一层)前后滑动和定位,进气口定位件安装在滑动板上,定位件型面与复合材料的进气道前端内口配合。 Inlet distal positioning assembly [0029] The slide plate 10 includes left and right two intake ports positioning member, the slide plate may be (lower layer) to slide back and forth on the left and right sides of the base 28 and two positioning plates positioning the air inlet is positioned in the slide plate member is mounted, the front end of the inlet port and the positioning member profile and composite material.

[0030] 所述的进气道后端定位组件21安装在基础定位板一4上(较高的一层),包括定位台和后端定位套及定位止口圈,定位台横跨在主体结构件上与基础定位板一4连接,后端定位套垂直固定在定位台上,定位止口圈与后端定位套配合,止口圈止口部分与无人机进气道后端内壁配合,实现无人机进气道与机体板件工装中的空间定位。 Inlet rear alignment assembly [0030] 21 is mounted on (high level) a base positioning plate 4, includes a positioning table and a rear positioning stop and positioning sleeve opening ring, is positioned across the table body a structural member 4 connected with the base plate is positioned, the rear end of the positioning sleeve fixed vertically positioning tool, the positioning ring and spigot locating sleeve with a rear end, only the mouth ring portion and the rabbet fit the inner wall of the rear end of the inlet UAV , UAV inlet space and the body of the positioning tooling plate.

[0031] 所述的立式框板定位座22分成左右两件分别安装在两侧基础定位板一4上,保证无人机机体框板与机体下板件的垂直安装。 [0031] The vertical positioning of seat frame plate 22 mounted vertically into left and right two sides are mounted on a base plate 4 is positioned, to ensure the UAV frame body and the body plate of the lower plate member.

[0032] 所述的下翼安装组件16由中心定位板16-1和下翼定位块16-2组合而成,中心定位板16-1安装在基础平台I上,以平台滑槽左右定位,下翼定位块16-2安装在中心定位板16-1上,实现与下翼翼型配合定位。 Lower wing mounting assembly [0032] 16 by a centrally located lower wing plate 16-1 and the combination of the positioning block 16-2, 16-1 centrally located plate mounted on the base platform I, to the chute is positioned around the platform, lower wing positioning block 16-2 is mounted on the centering plate 16-1, to achieve positioning with the lower wing type.

[0033] 所述的机头安装组件26由圆形止口内支持环和周向定位销组成,用于定位圆形的机体头部金属框。 [0033] The handpiece assembly 26 is mounted by the inner support ring and a circular circumferential rabbet composition to the positioning pin for positioning the head body circular metal frame.

[0034] 在主框架上安装上板件压框一20、上板件压框二25,上板件压框一20、上板件压框二25为半圆型与机身上板件外形相匹配;机翼安装滑台组件23由左右两侧的支持块、横梁、竖梁组成,可以分别实现无人机机翼滑台等部件的空间定位;尾翼安装组件19由左右两侧的支持块、横梁组成,横梁上有4个尾翼定位孔可以定位尾翼连接件。 [0034] mounted on the main frame plate member a pressing frame 20, two upper plate member pressing frame 25, a pressing frame upper plate member 20, the upper plate member 25 is press-frame two semi-circular shape and the plate member relative to the body matching; wing mounted slide assembly 23 supported by the left and right blocks, beams, composed of both sides of the vertical beams, respectively, may be achieved unmanned aircraft like the slide member is positioned space station; tail mounting assembly 19 by the left and right sides of the support block , composed of beams, with four positioning holes may be positioned tail fin connected to the cross member.

[0035] 上板件限位板26 (左右对称)分别安装在基础定位板一4、基础定位板三29两侧的下方;下翼安装组件16安装在基础平台I上利用T型槽定位;前发射支点安装组件(左右各2件)安装在基础定位板一4下方,后射支点安装组件(左右各2件)安装基础定位板三29下方;立式框板定位座22安装在基础定位板三29上、进气道前端定位组件10安装在基础定位板二28上、进气道后端定位组件21安装在基础定位板三29上。 On [0035] The plate member stopper plate 26 (symmetrical) are mounted beneath a 4, three basic positioning plate 29 is positioned on both sides of the base plate; a lower wing mounting assembly 16 is mounted on the base platform I using T-slot location; pivot mounting assembly prior to transmission (two on each side) on the bottom base 4 a positioning plate, the pivot mounting assembly shot (two on each side) 29 is mounted below the three basic positioning plate; vertical frame plate is positioned on the basis of the positioning seat 22 is mounted three upper plate 29, a front end positioning assembly inlet 10 mounted on the base 28 two positioning plate, inlet rear end positioning assembly 21 is mounted on the base 29 three positioning plate.

[0036] 所述的上板件合拢件包括机头安装组件27、上板件限位板26、尾翼安装组件19、上板件安装框组件和机翼安装滑台。 [0036] The upper plate member comprises a closure head mounting assembly 27, the upper plate member stopper plate 26, tail mounting assembly 19, the upper plate member and mounting frame assembly mounted slide wing. 机头安装组件27安装在工装平台的头部利用左右两侧的基础定位板一4固定;上板件限位板26 (左右对称)分别安装在基础定位板一4和基础定位板三29两侧的上方,使用手柄式定位销18快速定位;尾翼安装组件19安装在基础定位板三29上,上板件安装框组件包括上板件压框一20、上板件压框二25分别安装在基础定位板三29和基础定位板一4上,机翼安装滑台组件23安装在基础定位板三29上。 Head mounting assembly tooling 27 mounted on the head 4 fixed by a platform left and right sides of the base positioning plate; an upper plate member stopper plate 26 (symmetrical) are mounted on a base plate 4 and the positioning base 29 two positioning plate three the upper side, using the handle positioner pin 18 fast positioning; tail mounting assembly 19 is mounted on the base positioning plate three 29, the upper plate member mounting frame assembly comprises an upper plate member pressing frame a 20, the upper plate member pressing block 2 (25) are attached positioned on the base plate 29 and three base a positioning plate 4, a wing mounted slide assembly 23 is mounted on the base 29 three positioning plate.

[0037] 所述的前发射支点安装组件5包括定位安装座一5-1、板件开孔钻套、支点定位手柄一5-2 ;后发射支点安装组件12包括定位安装座二12-1、板件开孔钻套、支点定位手柄二12-2,前发射支点安装组件5和后发射支点安装组件12分别安装在基础定位板一4下方对应位置。 [0037] The front pivot mounting assembly 5 comprises a transmit positioning mounts a 5-1, drill bushing plate aperture, a positioning handle pivot 5-2; rear pivot mounting assembly 12 includes a transmit positioning mounts two 12-1 , drill bushing plate aperture, two fulcrum positioning handle 12-2, prior to transmission 5 and the rear pivot mounting assembly emission pivot mounting assembly 12 are mounted beneath the base 4 corresponding to the position of a positioning plate. 板件开孔钻套用于复合材料机体下板件在工装里的开孔定位,将无人机下板件放入工装平台,进行下板件的开孔,开孔完成后抽出钻套,分别插入支点定位手柄一5-1、支点定位手柄二12-1,支点定位手柄一5-1、支点定位手柄二12-1分别用于前后发射支点和机体下板件的定位,可以快速锁紧定位。 Drill bushing plate aperture apertured plate for positioning the tooling element inside the body of the composite material, the lower plate member into the tooling UAV platform, the lower plate aperture, the opening out is completed drill bushing, respectively, inserting a positioning handle pivot 5-1, two fulcrum positioning handle 12-1, a positioning handle pivot 5-1, 12-1, respectively, two fulcrum positioning handle for positioning the front and rear pivot emitting plate member and the lower body, the locking quickly positioning.

[0038] 所述的进气道前端定位组件10包括滑动板和左右2件进气口定位件,滑动板可以在左右两侧的基础定位板二28上(较低的一层)前后滑动和定位,进气口定位件安装在滑动板上,定位件型面与复合材料的进气道前端内口配合; Inlet distal positioning assembly [0038] The slide plate 10 includes left and right two intake ports positioning member, the slide plate may be (lower layer) to slide back and forth on the left and right sides of the base 28 and two positioning plates positioning the air inlet is positioned in the slide plate member is mounted, the positioning member interlocked with the front end of the inlet port of the composite material;

[0039] 所述的进气道后端定位组件21安装在基础定位板一4上(较高的一层),包括定位台和后端定位套及定位止口圈,定位台横跨在主体结构件上与基础定位板一4连接,后端定位套垂直固定在定位台上,定位止口圈与后端定位套配合,止口圈止口部分与无人机进气道后端内壁配合,实现无人机进气道与机体板件工装中的空间定位。 Inlet rear alignment assembly [0039] 21 is mounted on (high level) a base positioning plate 4, includes a positioning table and a rear positioning stop and positioning sleeve opening ring, is positioned across the table body a structural member 4 connected with the base plate is positioned, the rear end of the positioning sleeve fixed vertically positioning tool, the positioning ring and spigot locating sleeve with a rear end, only the mouth ring portion and the rabbet fit the inner wall of the rear end of the inlet UAV , UAV inlet space and the body of the positioning tooling plate.

[0040] 所述的立式框板定位座22分成左右两件分别安装在两侧基础定位板一4上,保证无人机机体框板与机体下板件的垂直安装。 [0040] The vertical positioning of seat frame plate 22 mounted vertically into left and right two sides are mounted on a base plate 4 is positioned, to ensure the UAV frame body and the body plate of the lower plate member.

[0041] 所述的下翼安装组件16由中心定位板16-1和下翼定位块16-2组合而成,中心定位板16-1安装在基础平台I上,以平台滑槽左右定位,下翼定位块16-2安装在中心定位板16-1上,实现与下翼翼型配合定位; Lower wing mounting assembly [0041] 16 by a centrally located lower wing plate 16-1 and the combination of the positioning block 16-2, 16-1 centrally located plate mounted on the base platform I, to the chute is positioned around the platform, lower wing positioning block 16-2 is mounted on the centering plate 16-1, to achieve positioning with the lower wing type;

[0042] 所述的机头安装组件26由圆形止口内支持环和周向定位销组成,用于定位圆形的机体头部金属框; [0042] The handpiece assembly 26 is mounted by the inner support ring and a circular rabbet circumferentially positioning pins composition, for positioning the head of a circular metal frame body;

[0043] 在主框架上安装上板件压框一20、上板件压框二25,上板件压框一20、上板件压框二25为半圆型与机身上板件外形相匹配;机翼安装滑台组件23由左右两侧的支持块、横梁、竖梁组成,可以分别实现无人机机翼滑台等部件的空间定位;尾翼安装组件19由左右两侧的支持块、横梁组成,横梁上有4个尾翼定位孔可以定位尾翼连接件。 [0043] mounted on the main frame plate member a pressing frame 20, two upper plate member pressing frame 25, a pressing frame upper plate member 20, the upper plate member 25 is press-frame two semi-circular shape and the plate member relative to the body matching; wing mounted slide assembly 23 supported by the left and right blocks, beams, composed of both sides of the vertical beams, respectively, may be achieved unmanned aircraft like the slide member is positioned space station; tail mounting assembly 19 by the left and right sides of the support block , composed of beams, with four positioning holes may be positioned tail fin connected to the cross member.

[0044] 无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台的使用方法如下: [0044] UAV body collapse use modular tooling platform:

[0045] 首先,在基础平台上拼装主体结构件,选择不同高度的支撑杆一3和支撑杆二11,其中支撑杆一3高于支撑杆二11,使用压板将支撑杆一3、支撑杆二11固定在基础平台I上,压板2采用螺杆安装在基础平台I的矩阵式梯形槽内,支撑杆一3和支撑杆二11的两端分别开有4个标准的定位孔;基础定位板一4和基础定位板二28分别开有矩阵式定位孔,利用绞制孔螺钉24分别将基础定位板一4与支撑杆一3连接,基础定位板二28与支撑杆二11连接,进行组合,然后再利用连接板6首尾连接组成左侧框架,同样的拼装方法组成右侧框架;左、右两侧的框架的使用下板件托框一7、下板件托框二9、下板件托框三14、下板件托框四15、下板件托框五17分别连接,下板件托框一7、下板件托框二9、下板件托框三14、下板件托框四15、下板件托框五17分别开有统一尺寸和中心距的安装孔, [0045] First, on the basis of the body structure assembly platform, select a different height of the supporting rod 3 and two support rods 11, a support bar 3 above wherein two support bars 11, a press plate a support bar 3, support rods two platform 11 fixed to the base I, the platen 2 in matrix trapezoidal screw mounted in slot I is the base platform, a support rod ends 3 and two support rods 11 are opened four standard positioning holes; basic positioning plate a positioning plate 4 and the base 28 are two positioning holes opened matrix by stranding screw holes 24 are connected to a base positioning plate 3 and a support rod 4, two basic positioning plate 28 is connected to two support bars 11, in combination and then use web composed of left side frame 6 connected end to end, the same method of assembly composed of the right side frame; the frame plate using the left and right sides of a carrier frame 7, two holding frame lower plate 9, the lower plate element holding frame three 14, the lower plate member holding frame four 15, the lower plate member holding frame 5:17 respectively connected to the lower plate member holding frame a 7, lower panel holding frame two 9, the lower plate member holding frame three 14, the lower plate four holding frame member 15, the lower plate member holding frame 17 are opened five mounting holes of uniform size and center distance, 用绞制孔螺钉24在基础定位板一4下方的对应位置连接固定,主体结构件安装完成。 Stranding with holes corresponding to the screws 24 is connected and fixed at a position below a base of the positioning plate 4, the main structure installed.

[0046] 主体结构件安装完成后进行下板件合拢件的安装。 [0046] The body structure for mounting the lower plate member is folded after installation. 首先,将下板件限位板8分别安装在基础定位板一4两侧的下方,下板件限位板8起到无人机机体下板件左右两侧的限位作用;前发射支点安装组件5包括定位安装座一5-1、板件开孔钻套、支点定位手柄一5-2,后发射支点安装组件12包括定位安装座二12-1、板件开孔钻套、支点定位手柄二12-2,前发射支点安装组件5和后发射支点安装组件12分别安装在基础定位板一4下方对应位置。 First, the lower plate member stopper plate 8 are mounted below the sides of the base 4 a positioning plate, a lower plate member stopper plate 8 plays the role of limiting the left and right sides of the lower plate body UAV; prelaunch fulcrum the mounting assembly 5 comprises a positioning mounts 5-1, drill bushing plate aperture, positioning handle a fulcrum 5-2, the emitter 12 comprises a pivot mounting assembly mounts two locating 12-1, drill bushing plate aperture, the fulcrum two positioning handle 12-2, prior to transmission 5 and the rear pivot mounting assembly emission pivot mounting assembly 12 are mounted beneath the base 4 corresponding to the position of a positioning plate. 板件开孔钻套用于复合材料机体下板件在工装里的开孔定位,将无人机下板件放入工装平台,进行下板件的开孔,开孔完成后抽出钻套,分别插入支点定位手柄一5-1、支点定位手柄二12-1,支点定位手柄一5-1、支点定位手柄二12-1分别用于前后发射支点和机体下板件的定位,可以快速锁紧定位。 Drill bushing plate aperture apertured plate for positioning the tooling element inside the body of the composite material, the lower plate member into the tooling UAV platform, the lower plate aperture, the opening out is completed drill bushing, respectively, inserting a positioning handle pivot 5-1, two fulcrum positioning handle 12-1, a positioning handle pivot 5-1, 12-1, respectively, two fulcrum positioning handle for positioning the front and rear pivot emitting plate member and the lower body, the locking quickly positioning.

[0047] 进气道前端定位组件10包括滑动板和左右2件进气口定位件,滑动板可以在左右两侧的基础定位板二28上(较低的一层)前后滑动和定位,进气口定位件安装在滑动板上,定位件型面与复合材料的进气道前端内口配合,进气道后端定位组件21安装在基础定位板一4上(较高的一层),包括定位台和后端定位套及定位止口圈,定位台横跨在主体结构件上与基础定位板一4连接,后端定位套垂直固定在定位台上,定位止口圈与后端定位套配合,止口圈止口部分与无人机进气道后端内壁配合,实现无人机进气道与机体板件工装中的空间定位;立式框板定位座22分成左右两件分别安装在两侧基础定位板一4上,保证无人机机体框板与机体下板件的垂直安装。 [0047] 28 on the two (lower layer) and a backward slide positioning the front end intake port 10 includes a slide plate assembly is positioned about two and a gas inlet positioned, the slide base plate may be positioned at the left and right sides of the plate, into the port positioning member mounted on the sliding plate, the positioning member distal profile of the air inlet mouth and composite material, the rear end of the inlet 21 is mounted on a positioning assembly (higher layer) a base plate 4 is positioned, comprising a positioning table and a rear positioning stop and positioning sleeve mouth ring is positioned on the body across the table and the base structure 4 is connected to a positioning plate, the rear end of the positioning sleeve fixed vertically positioned table, and the rear end of the positioning ring positioned spigot shrink fit, retaining ring inlet port portion and the rear end of the rabbet fit the inner wall of the UAV, UAV spatial body inlet and positioning the tooling plate; vertical positioning of seat frame plate 22 respectively into left and right two mounted on both sides of a base plate 4 is positioned, to ensure the vertical mounting plate UAV body frame and the body of the lower plate member. 下翼安装组件16由中心定位板16-1和下翼定位块16-2组合而成,中心定位板16-1安装在基础平台I上,以平台滑槽左右定位,下翼定位块16-2安装在中心定位板16-1上,实现与下翼翼型配合定位;完成以上的安入机体合拢装后,将无人机下板件放工装平台内,可以进行机体下板件与各个框板、前后发射支点、进气道、下翼的定位和一次合拢固化。 Mounting assembly 16 by a lower wing plate 16-1 and a centrally located lower wing positioning block combination 16-2, 16-1 centrally located plate mounted on the base platform I, to the platform around the chute is positioned under the wing positioning block 16- 2 mounted on the centering plate 16-1, to achieve positioning with the lower wing type; completion of the above security means into the body after the closure, the discharge plate within the lower tooling UAV platform, with each plate can be the lower body frame plate, front and rear fulcrum emission, inlet, and a lower wing positioning collapse cured.

[0048] 一次合拢固化完成以后,进行机体上板件与下板件的合拢。 [0048] The collapse time after the completion of curing, a closure plate and the lower plate member on the body. 首次抽出进气道后端组件21的定位止口套,取下进气道后端定位组件21,取下立式框板定位座22,将无人机机体上板件合在下板件上;机头安装组件26安装在工装平台的前部,利用左右两侧的基础定位板一4固定,机头安装组件26由圆形止口内支持环和周向定位销组成,用于定位圆形的机体头部金属框;在主体结构件上安装上板件压框一20、上板件压框二25,上板件压框一20、上板件压框二25为半圆型与机身上板件外形相匹配;机翼安装滑台组件23由左右两侧的支持块、横梁、竖梁组成,可以分别实现无人机机翼滑台等部件的空间定位;尾翼安装组件19由左右两侧的支持块、横梁组成,横梁上有4个尾翼定位孔可以定位尾翼连接件;最后利用手柄式插销18定位机体上板件限位板26,上板件限位板26 (对称件)分别安装在基础定位板一4两侧的上方,上板件限位板26可 Withdrawal of the first assembly is positioned rear inlet port 21 of the locking sleeve, a port to remove the rear end of the positioning assembly 21, remove the vertical positioning of seat frame plate 22, the upper plate body UAV engaged on the lower plate member; head mounting assembly mounted to the front portion of the tooling platform 26, using the left and right sides of the base 4 is fixed to a positioning plate, the head mounting assembly 26 supported by the inner circular ring and the spigot composition circumferential direction positioning pins for positioning circular metal frame head body; is mounted on the main structural member a pressing frame plate member 20, two pressing frame upper plate member 25, a pressing frame upper plate member 20, the upper plate member 25 is pressing two semi-circular frame body and match plate shape; wing mounted slide assembly 23 supported by the left and right blocks, beams, composed of both sides of the vertical beams, respectively, may be achieved unmanned aircraft like the slide member is positioned space station; tail mounting assembly 19 by the left and right side support blocks, beams composition, there are four tail fin positioning holes may be positioned on the cross beam connector; Finally, the latch handle type body 18 is positioned on the plate member stopper plate 26, the upper plate member stopper plate 26 (symmetric member), respectively, mounting the upper on both sides on the basis of a positioning plate 4, the stopper plate 26 of the upper plate member may 防止合拢时上板件向外变形;完成后进行机体的二次合拢固化,二次合拢固化后分别取下机头安装组件26、机翼滑台组件23、尾翼安装组件19,向机头方向滑动进气道前端定位组件10使止口部分脱开,将前、后发生支点定位套抽出,拔去插销取下两侧的上板件限位板,最后将合拢好的无人机机体在工装平台中取出。 When the upper plate member to prevent collapse outwardly deformed; secondary closure for the body after the completion of curing, the head mounting assembly 26 are removed after curing the second collapse, the wings slide assembly 23, mounting assembly 19 tail to nose direction positioning the slide assembly 10 causes the front end of the inlet spigot is disengaged, the front and rear pivot positioning sleeve occurs withdrawn, pulling the latch plate removed on both sides of the stopper plate, and finally the collapse of the body in good UAV tooling platform removed.

Claims (10)

1.一种无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台,其特征在于:包括基础平台、主体结构件、下板件合拢件和上板件合拢件; 所述的主体结构件组成了工装平台的主体框架,可以快速拼接重复构建反复使用,主体结构件包括几种不同高度的支撑杆、压板、基础定位板、连接板和下板件托框;支撑杆包括支撑杆一、支撑杆二,支撑杆一、支撑杆二的两端均有标准的定位孔,定位连接非常方便;压板用于将支撑杆一、支撑杆二分别固定在基础平台上;基础定位板包括基础定位板一、基础定位板二和基础定位板三,采用了矩阵式定位孔,可以分层进行组合,也可以根据机体不同长度自由连接;连接板分别用于基础定位板一、基础定位板二和基础定位板三的连接;下板件托框包括下板件托框一、下板件托框二、下板件托框三、下板件托框四、下板件托框五,下板件托 A UAV collapsed modular tooling platform body, characterized by: a base platform, the body structure, the lower plate member and the closure member closed the upper plate member; said body structural member composed of a main body of the tooling platform frame, can be used repeatedly to build quickly repeated splicing, the main structure comprises several different heights of the support rods, the platen, the positioning base plate, the connecting plate and the lower plate member holding frame; supporting rod comprises a support rod, two support rods, the support rods First, both ends of the support bars are standard two positioning holes, the positioning is very easy connection; a platen for supporting rod, two support rods are fixed to the base platform; base includes a base plate locating a positioning plate, the base plate positioning two and three basic positioning plate, the positioning holes using a matrix, can be layered in combination may be freely connected depending on the length of the body; web basis for respectively positioning a plate, connected to the foundation base and two positioning plates three positioning plate ; torr lower frame plate holding frame comprises a lower plate, the lower plate member holding frame two, three holding frame lower plate, the lower plate member holding frame four, five lower plate holding frame, a lower plate member Torr 框一安装在基础定位板一下方,下板件托框二安装在基础定位板二上方,下板件托框三、下板件托框四和下板件托框五分别安装在基础定位板三上,左右连接;采用绞制孔螺钉进行主体结构件的定位与连接; 所述的下板件合拢件包括下板件限位板、下翼安装组件、前发射支点安装组件、后发射支点安装组件、立式框板定位座、进气道前端定位组件和进气道后端定位组件;下板件限位板安装在基础定位板一、基础定位板三两侧的下方;下翼安装组件安装在基础平台上利用T型槽定位;前发射支点安装组件安装在基础定位板一下方,后发射支点安装组件安装基础定位板三下方;立式框板定位座安装在基础定位板三上、进气道前端定位组件安装在基础定位板二上,进气道后端定位组件安装在基础定位板三上; 所述的上板件合拢件包括机头安装组件、上板 Block a mounting on the basis of the positioning plate at side, the lower plate member holding frame two mounted above the base positioning plate two lower plate member holding frame three, the lower plate member holding frame four and a lower plate member holding frame five are mounted on base positioning plate the three, left and right connection; stranding using a screw hole connected to the body structure of the positioning member; said lower plate member comprises a lower closure plate member stopper plate, lower wing mounting assembly pivot mounting assembly prior to transmission, transmitting the fulcrum a mounting assembly, the vertical positioning of seat frame plate, inlet port located in the front and rear assembly positioning assembly; lower plate member stopper plate mounted beneath the base three sides of a positioning plate, the base plate positioning; lower wing installation using the T-slot mounting assembly positioned on a base platform; pivot mounting assembly prior to transmission on the basis of the positioning plate is mounted about the side, after transmitting three pivot mounting assembly mounting plate positioned below the base; spud vertical frame plate mounted on the base plate positioned three , located in the front inlet assembly mounted on the base plate positioning two, port rear positioning assembly mounted on the base plate positioning III; collapse of the upper plate member comprises a head member mounting assembly, the upper plate 限位板、尾翼安装组件、上板件安装框组件和机翼安装滑台组件;机头安装组件安装在工装平台的头部利用左右两侧的基础定位板一固定;上板件限位板分别安装在基础定位板一和基础定位板三两侧的上方,使用手柄式定位销快速定位;尾翼安装组件安装在基础定位板三上,上板件安装框组件包括上板件压框一、上板件压框二分别安装在基础定位板三和基础定位板一上,机翼安装滑台组件安装在基础定位板三上。 Stopper plate, tail mounting assembly, the upper plate member and mounting frame assembly mounted slide assembly wings; head mounting assembly mounted on the head tooling platform fixed by left and right sides of a base of the positioning plate; an upper plate member stopper plate are mounted above the three sides of the base plate positioning and a positioning base plate, using the handle positioner rapid positioning pin; tail mounting assembly mounted on the base plate positioning three upper mounting plate assembly includes an upper frame plate member a pressing frame, the upper plate member pressing frame are mounted two three positioning plate and a base plate positioned on the base, the wing mounting slide assembly mounted on the base plate positioning three.
2.根据权利要求1所述的无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台,其特征在于:所述的基础平台的材料为铸铁,台面水平且平面度高,开有矩阵式梯形槽,用于各种不同机型的机体合拢工装平台。 The modular UAV body according to claim 1 closed tooling platform, wherein: said material is cast iron base platform, and the high level of the table plane, matrix trapezoidal groove is opened, for each kinds of different models of the body close tooling platform.
3.根据权利要求1所述的无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台,其特征在于:所述的前发射支点安装组件包括定位安装座一、板件开孔钻套、支点定位手柄一;后发射支点安装组件包括定位安装座二、板件开孔钻套、支点定位手柄二,前发射支点安装组件和后发射支点安装组件分别安装在基础定位板一下方对应位置;板件开孔钻套用于复合材料机体下板件在工装平台里的开孔定位,将无人机下板件放入工装平台,进行下板件的开孔,开孔完成后抽出钻套,分别插入支点定位手柄一、支点定位手柄二,支点定位手柄一、支点定位手柄二分别用于前后发射支点和机体下板件的定位,可以快速锁紧定位。 The modular UAV body according to claim 1, wherein said closed tooling platform, wherein: the pivot mounting assembly comprises a front emission positioning a mount, drill bushing plate aperture, a positioning handle pivot; after emission pivot mounting assembly comprises two positioning mount, drill bushing plate aperture, positioning handle two fulcrum, pivot mounting assembly pre-launch and post-emitting pivot mounting assembly are mounted on base plate positioned at a position corresponding to the side; apply drill hole plate in the opening in the tooling plate positioned in the platform body in composite material, into the lower tooling plate UAV platform, the lower opening of the plate member, after the completion of opening out the bit holder, are respectively inserted into the positioning handle a fulcrum , two positioning handle pivot, a positioning handle pivot fulcrum positioning handle two fulcrum for respectively emitting front positioning plate and the lower body member, locating the locking quickly.
4.根据权利要求1所述的无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台,其特征在于:所述的进气道前端定位组件包括滑动板和左右2件进气口定位件,滑动板可以在左右两侧的基础定位板二上前后滑动和定位,进气口定位件安装在滑动板上,进气口定位件型面与复合材料的进气道前端内口配合。 The modular UAV body according to claim 1, wherein said closed tooling platform, wherein: said air intake assembly comprises a slide plate located in the front left and right two intake ports positioning member, the slide plate can be left two sliding and positioning the front and rear base plate positioned on both sides of the air inlet is positioned in the slide plate member is mounted, the air intake inlet and the positioning member distal profile in the mouth and composite material.
5.根据权利要求1所述的无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台,其特征在于:所述的进气道后端定位组件安装在基础定位板一上,包括定位台和后端定位套及定位止口圈,定位台横跨在主体结构件上与基础定位板一连接,后端定位套垂直固定在定位台上,定位止口圈与后端定位套配合,定位止口圈止口部分与无人机进气道后端内壁配合,实现无人机进气道与机体板件工装中的空间定位。 The modular UAV body according to claim 1 closed tooling platform, wherein: said air intake assembly is mounted on the rear end is positioned based on a positioning plate, a rear end and comprising a positioning table and positioning sleeve locating spigot ring, a positioning station is connected across the base plate is positioned on the body structure member, the rear end of the positioning sleeve fixed vertically positioning table, the rear end of the positioning ring and spigot locating sleeve with the positioning ring spigot portion rabbet inlet fitting drone rear inner wall, and intake UAV spatial body positioning tooling plate.
6.根据权利要求1所述的无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台,其特征在于:所述的立式框板定位座分成左右两件分别安装在两侧基础定位板一上,保证无人机机体框板与机体下板件的垂直安装。 6. The modular UAV body according to claim 1 collapsed tooling platform, wherein: said vertical frame plate is positioned into left and right two seats are installed on both sides on the basis of a positioning plate, to ensure that no vertical mounting machine body frame plate and the lower plate member body.
7.根据权利要求1所述的无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台,其特征在于:所述的下翼安装组件由中心定位板和下翼定位块组合而成,中心定位板安装在基础平台上,以平台滑槽左右定位,下翼定位块安装在中心定位板上,实现与下翼翼型配合定位。 The modular UAV body according to claim 1 closed tooling platform, wherein: the lower wing mounting assembly and plate combination of a centrally located lower wing positioning block formed, centrally located in the plate mounting base platform on to the platform around the chute is positioned, the positioning block installed under wing panel positioned in the center, to achieve positioning with the lower wing type.
8.根据权利要求1所述的无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台,其特征在于:所述的机头安装组件由圆形止口内支持环和周向定位销组成,用于定位圆形的机体头部金属框。 UAV body according to claim 1, wherein the modular tooling closed platform, wherein: said head mounting assembly supported by the inner circular ring and the spigot pin composition circumferential positioning, for positioning a circular the head of the body metal frame.
9.根据权利要求1所述的无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台,其特征在于:在主框架上安装上板件压框一、上板件压框二,上板件压框一、上板件压框二为半圆型与机身上板件外形相匹配;机翼安装滑台组件由左右两侧的支持块、横梁、竖梁组成,实现无人机机翼安装滑台组件的空间定位;尾翼安装组件由左右两侧的支持块、横梁组成,横梁上有4个尾翼定位孔可以定位尾翼连接件。 9. The modular UAV body according to claim 1 closed tooling platform, wherein: the upper plate member mounting a pressing frame on the main frame, two upper plate member pressing frame, a pressing frame upper plate member, the two pressing frame plate is semi-circular plate member and the body to match the profile; wing mounted slide assembly supported by the left and right blocks, beams, consisting of vertical beams on both sides, wing UAV mounted slide assembly space positioning; tail mounting assembly is supported by the left and right blocks, consisting of beams, with four positioning holes may be positioned tail fin connected to the cross member.
10.权利要求1所述的无人机机体模块化合拢工装平台的使用方法,其特征在于: 首先,在基础平台上拼装主体结构件,选择不同高度的支撑杆一和支撑杆二,其中支撑杆一高于支撑杆二,使用压板将支撑杆一、支撑杆二固定在基础平台上,压板采用螺杆安装在基础平台的矩阵式梯形槽内,支撑杆一和支撑杆二的两端分别开有4个标准的定位孔;基础定位板一和基础定位板二分别开有矩阵式定位孔,利用绞制孔螺钉分别将基础定位板一与支撑杆一连接,基础定位板二与支撑杆二连接,进行组合,然后再利用连接板首尾连接组成左侧框架,同样的拼装方法组成右侧框架;左、右两侧的框架的使用下板件托框一、下板件托框二、下板件托框三、下板件托框四、下板件托框五分别连接,下板件托框一、下板件托框二、下板件托框三、下板件托框四、下板件托框 Wherein the first support, on the base platform assembled body structure, a selection of different heights of the support rod and two support rods,: UAV modular body according to claim 1 10. The use of collapse tooling platform, wherein a lever higher than two support rods, support rods using a pressure plate, two support rods secured to the base platform, a matrix platen trapezoidal groove of the screw mounted on the base platform, a support rod and support bars two open ends, respectively there are four standard positioning holes; a base plate positioning and locating base plate, respectively, two positioning holes opened matrix by stranding screw holes respectively connected to a base plate positioning and a supporting rod, the positioning base plate and two support rods two connection, combination, and then use web composed of left side frame connected end to end, the same method of assembly composed of the right side frame; the frame plate using the left and right sides of a carrier frame, two lower plate member holding frame, the plate holding frame three, the lower plate member holding frame four lower plate member holding frame five are connected to the lower plate member holding frame a lower plate member holding frame two, the lower plate member holding frame three, the lower plate member holding frame four, the lower plate member holding frame 五分别开有统一尺寸和中心距的安装孔,利用绞制孔螺钉在基础定位板一下方的对应位置连接固定,主体结构件安装完成; 主体结构件安装完成后进行下板件合拢件的安装,首先,将下板件限位板分别安装在基础定位板一两侧的下方,下板件限位板起到无人机机体下板件左右两侧的限位作用;前发射支点安装组件包括定位安装座一、板件开孔钻套、支点定位手柄一,后发射支点安装组件包括定位安装座二、板件开孔钻套、支点定位手柄二,前发射支点安装组件和后发射支点安装组件分别安装在基础定位板一下方对应位置;板件开孔钻套用于复合材料机体下板件在工装里的开孔定位,将无人机下板件放入工装平台,进行下板件的开孔,开孔完成后抽出钻套,分别插入支点定位手柄一、支点定位手柄二,支点定位手柄一、支点定位手柄二分别用于前后 V respectively open mounting holes of uniform size and center distance, the use of stranding apertures screw at the corresponding position of the side is connected and fixed on the basis of the positioning plate, the main structural member installed; for installation plate close member rear body structure installed first, the lower plate member stopper plate are mounted on both sides of a base under the alignment plate, the lower plate member stopper plate serves the role of limiting the left and right sides of the lower plate body UAV; pivot mounting assembly prior to transmission positioning a mount comprising a plate member hole drill bushing, a positioning handle pivot, the pivot mounting assembly comprises a transmit positioning mounts two plate openings drill sleeve member, two pivot positioning handle, pivot mounting assembly pre-launch and post-emitting fulcrum the mounting assembly are mounted on base plate positioned at a position corresponding to the side; drill bushing plate aperture apertured plate for positioning the tooling element inside the body of the composite material, the lower plate member into the tooling UAV platform, the lower plate member opening, after completion of opening out the bit holder, are respectively inserted into the positioning handle a fulcrum, the fulcrum handle two positioning, a positioning handle pivot, two fulcrum, respectively for the front and rear positioning handle 发射支点和机体下板件的定位,快速锁紧定位; 进气道前端定位组件包括滑动板和左右2件进气口定位件,滑动板可以在左右两侧的基础定位板二上前后滑动和定位,进气口定位件安装在滑动板上,定位件型面与复合材料的进气道前端内口配合,进气道后端定位组件安装在基础定位板一上,包括定位台和后端定位套及定位止口圈,定位台横跨在主体结构件上与基础定位板一连接,后端定位套垂直固定在定位台上,定位止口圈与后端定位套配合,定位止口圈止口部分与无人机进气道后端内壁配合,实现无人机进气道与机体板件工装中的空间定位;立式框板定位座分成左右两件分别安装在两侧基础定位板一上,保证无人机机体框板与机体下板件的垂直安装;下翼安装组件由中心定位板和下翼定位块组合而成,中心定位板安装在基础平台上,以平台滑槽 Emission positioning fulcrum and the lower plate member body, positioning quick lock; inlet assembly includes a sliding plate located in the front left and right two intake ports positioning member, the slide plate may be positioned about the base plate and slide back and forth on both sides of the two positioning the air inlet is positioned in the slide plate member is mounted, the positioning member distal profile of the air inlet mouth and composite material, the inlet assembly is mounted in the rear end is positioned based on a positioning plate, comprising a positioning table and a rear end positioning sleeve and the positioning ring spigot, a cross positioning table attached to the base body and the positioning plate structural member, the rear end of the positioning sleeve fixed vertically positioning table, the rear end of the positioning ring and spigot locating sleeve with the positioning ring spigot inlet port portion and the rear end stopper the inner wall with the UAV, UAV spatial body inlet and positioning the tooling plate; vertical spud into left and right frame plates are mounted on two sides of the positioning base plate an upper, vertically mounted ensure UAV body frame plate and the lower plate member of the body; lower wing mounting assembly and plate combination of a centrally located lower wing positioning block from the center of the positioning plate mounted on the base platform to platform chute 右定位,下翼定位块安装在中心定位板上,实现与下翼翼型配合定位;完成以上的安入机体合拢装后,将无人机下板件放工装平台内,可以进行机体下板件与各个框板、前后发射支点、进气道、下翼的定位和一次合拢固化; 一次合拢固化完成以后,进行机体上板件与下板件的合拢;首次抽出进气道后端组件的定位止口套,取下进气道后端定位组件,取下立式框板定位座,将无人机机体上板件合在下板件上;机头安装组件安装在工装平台的前部,利用左右两侧的基础定位板一固定,机头安装组件由圆形止口内支持环和周向定位销组成,用于定位圆形的机体头部金属框;在主体结构件上安装上板件压框一、上板件压框二,上板件压框一、上板件压框二为半圆型与机身上板件外形相匹配;机翼安装滑台组件由左右两侧的支持块、横梁、竖梁组成,实现 The right positioning, the positioning block installed under wing positioned at the center of the board, to achieve positioning with the lower wing type; completion of the above security means into the body after the closure, the discharge plate within the lower tooling UAV platform, the plate body may be respective frame plate before and after the emission fulcrum, inlet, and a lower wing positioning collapse curing; collapse time after the completion of curing, a closure body upper plate and the lower plate member; first extraction port positioned back-end component muzzle stop, removing the rear port positioning assembly, remove the vertical positioning seat frame plate, the upper plate body UAV engaged on the lower plate member; head mounting assembly mounted at the front of the tooling platform, using the left and right sides of a base plate fixed positioning, head mounting assembly supported by the inner circular ring and the spigot composition circumferential direction positioning pins for positioning the head of a circular metal frame body; is mounted on the main body structure member pressing plate a frame, two pressing frame upper plate member, a pressing frame upper plate member, the plate member is pressed two semi-circular frame body and the plate matches the outer shape; wing mounted slide assembly supported by the left and right hand sides, beams, consisting of vertical beams, to achieve 人机机翼安装滑台组件的空间定位;尾翼安装组件由左右两侧的支持块、横梁组成,横梁上有4个尾翼定位孔可以定位尾翼连接件;最后利用手柄式插销定位机体上板件限位板,上板件限位板分别安装在基础定位板一两侧的上方,上板件限位板可以防止合拢时上板件向外变形;完成后进行机体的二次合拢固化,二次合拢固化后分别取下机头安装组件、机翼滑台组件、尾翼安装组件,向机头方向滑动进气道前端定位组件使止口部分脱开,将前、后发生支点定位套抽出,拔去插销取下两侧的上板件限位板,最后将合拢好的无人机机体在工装平台中取出。 Sliding wing mounted man-machine spatial positioning stage assembly; tail mounting assembly of left and right sides by the support blocks, beams composition, there are four tail fin positioning holes may be positioned on the cross beam connector; Finally, the handle type body pin alignment plate stopper plate, the upper plate member stopper plate are mounted above the base on both sides of a positioning plate, the upper plate member can be prevented on the stopper plate when the plate member deformed outwardly closed; secondary closure for the body after the completion of curing, two collapse times were removed after curing head mounting assembly, the wing slide assembly, tail mounting assembly, the sliding direction of the head positioning assembly so that the front end of the inlet spigot is disengaged, the front and rear pivot positioning sleeve occurs withdrawn, pulling the latch plate removed on both sides of the stopper plate, and finally the collapse of the body removed tooling good UAV platform.
CN 201210588222 2012-12-29 2012-12-29 Unmanned aerial vehicle body modularization folding tool platform and usage of the same CN103101632B (en)

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