CN103098614B - Small and medium size self-propelled corncob-stem both-gaining corn combine harvester - Google Patents

Small and medium size self-propelled corncob-stem both-gaining corn combine harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103098614B
CN103098614B CN201310064490.7A CN201310064490A CN103098614B CN 103098614 B CN103098614 B CN 103098614B CN 201310064490 A CN201310064490 A CN 201310064490A CN 103098614 B CN103098614 B CN 103098614B
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floor
feeding roller
roller
feeding
taiwan
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CN103098614A (en
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齐自成
姜伟
马继春
位国建
李青龙
刘继元
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Shandong Agriculture Machinery Research Institute
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Shandong Agriculture Machinery Research Institute
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Abstract

The invention discloses a small and medium size self-propelled corncob-stem both-gaining corn combine harvester which comprises a walking base disc. The walking base disc is provided with an upper layer header, a lower header, a drive cab, a fruit-corncob conveyer, an engine, a grass chamber, a crop chamber, an oil chamber, a dialing wheel assembly, a straw feeding device and a kicker. One end of the upper layer header is connected with an installing base of the upper layer header in a hanging mode. A lower end is connected with the lower layer header through an oil cylinder of the upper layer header. The lower layer header is located below the upper layer header. One end of the upper layer header is connected with an installing base of the lower layer header in a hanging mode. The lower end of the lower layer header is connected with the walking base disc through an oil cylinder of the upper layer header. The installing base of the lower layer header and the installing base of the upper layer header are respectively connected with the walking base disc. The dialing wheel assembly, the straw feeding device and the kicker are connected with the front portion of the walking base disc. The small and medium size self-propelled corncob-stem both-gaining corn combine harvester can be used for completing corn harvest in the field, corn straw cutting, chopping, collecting and stubble cleaning operations in one time. The small and medium size self-propelled corncob-stem both-gaining corn combine harvester can not only harvest corn corncobs and straws, but also avoid resource wasting and environment pollution brought from straw burning.

Description

Middle-size and small-size self-propelled corncob and stalk corn combined harvester
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of agricultural harvesting, particularly relate to a kind of middle-size and small-size self-propelled corncob and stalk corn combined harvester adapting to Huang-Huai-Hai.
Background technology
Corn stem is gathered in the crops and is pulverized collection by external silage maize harvester usually together with fruit ear, the BiGX_850 that such as German krone company produces, but external machine is huge, expensive, be not adapted at Huang-Huai-Hai spread, because corn is the important cereal crops of China, domesticly usually corn ear and cane to be gathered in the crops separately, represent type and have state rich 4YQW-3 type backpack corncob and stalk corn reaping machine and the self-propelled corncob and stalk corn combined harvester of seamount 4YZQ-4, backpack corncob and stalk corn reaping machine due to operating efficiency low, market is atrophy gradually, 4YZQ-4 type is mainly adapted at operation on large plot, northeast, its structure is not suitable for operation on Small burden in knob, maize straw as important livestock feed, fuel source, in the urgent need to a kind of middle-size and small-size self-propelled corncob and stalk corn combined harvester on market.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is exactly to solve prior art above shortcomings; A kind of middle-size and small-size self-propelled corncob and stalk corn combined harvester is provided; The present invention disposablely can complete field corn results, maize straw cutting, chopping, collect and stubble-cleaning operation, be conducive to second stubble crop no-tillage seeding, can harvesting corn fruit ear, can harvesting corn stalk, realize one-machine-multi-function, the wasting of resources avoiding crop straw burning to bring and environmental pollution, improve Social benefit and economic benefit, be particluarly suitable for central plain area and use.
To achieve these goals, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of middle-size and small-size self-propelled corncob and stalk corn combined harvester, comprise walking chassis, walking chassis is provided with the upper strata ceding of Taiwan, lower floor's ceding of Taiwan, driver's cabin, ear forwarder, engine, grass box, tanker, fuel tank, thumb wheel assembly, stalk feeding unit, spinner; Ceding of Taiwan one end, upper strata is articulated in upper header mount pad upper and lower end and is connected with the lower floor ceding of Taiwan by upper strata ceding of Taiwan oil cylinder; Lower floor's ceding of Taiwan is positioned at below the ceding of Taiwan of upper strata, and one end is articulated in lower cutting table mount pad upper and lower end and is connected with walking chassis by lower cutting table oil cylinder, and lower cutting table mount pad, upper header mount pad are connected with walking chassis respectively; Described thumb wheel assembly, stalk feeding unit, spinner are connected with front portion, walking chassis.
Ear forwarder is arranged on the right side of driver's cabin, grass box and tanker are located at walking chassis afterbody, grass box passes on left that grass box rotating shaft is hinged on grass box support, right side is supported by grass box rotational fuel tank, is hinged on tanker support, left side supports by tanker rotational fuel tank on the right side of tanker by tanker rotating shaft; In the below of tanker and grass box, fuel tank is installed.
Lower floor's ceding of Taiwan comprises lower floor's header frame and cutter mill, and lower floor's header frame is connected with walking chassis, and lower floor's header frame is provided with reciprocating cutterbar, and reciprocating cutterbar is arranged on frame front end; Thumb wheel assembly, cane conveying screw feeder, cane feeding unit is respectively equipped with after reciprocating cutterbar.
Thumb wheel assembly comprises thumb wheel sprocket wheel, the left spindle nose of thumb wheel, band boss circular seat bearing, left group roller, central shaft bearing, right group roller, wherein thumb wheel sprocket wheel is connected with left spindle nose, left spindle nose, right spindle nose are welded on left group roller, right group roller respectively, left spindle nose, right spindle nose are connected with screw feeder side plate by band boss circular seat bearing, screw feeder side plate is connected with walking chassis, and left dialling in the middle of roller, right group roller is connected by central shaft bearing.
Stalk feeding unit mainly comprises front feeding roller, middle feeding roller, rear feeding roller, front feeding roller is connected by front rod with middle feeding roller, middle feeding roller is connected by intermediate connecting rod with rear feeding roller, rear feeding roller is fixed on back shaft by back link, back shaft is welded on feeding side plate, feeding side plate is connected with walking chassis, mechanism's power is inputted by universal joint, one power passes to sprocket wheel III through sprocket wheel IV, by transmission of power to front feeding roller, another strand of power passes to chain wheel II through chain wheel I, power is reached after feeding roller.
Described stalk feeding unit is connected with feeding roller floating installation, described feeding roller floating installation comprises spring I, spring II, spring III, wherein spring I upper end is articulated in front rod upper and lower end and is articulated on lower floor's header frame, spring II upper end is articulated in intermediate connecting rod upper and lower end and is articulated on lower floor's header frame, and spring III one end is articulated on back link, the other end is articulated on lower floor's header frame.
Described spinner mainly comprises tube connector, spinner shell, blower fan, throwing cylinder, guide plate, belt pulley, adjustment bracing wire, guide plate, wherein tube connector one end is connected with spinner shell, and coordinate with the fan shaft position of blower fan, the tube connector other end to be exported with the cutter mill of the lower floor ceding of Taiwan by transition conduit and is connected, belt pulley is arranged on blower fan one end, transferring power, spinner shell bottom is connected with walking chassis by bracing frame, top is connected with throwing cylinder, rotating disk is provided with between spinner shell and throwing cylinder, hydraulic motor, hydraulic motor is connected with rotating disk by rotating sprocket, thus drive dial rotation, realize turning to of throwing cylinder, throwing cylinder end is provided with guide plate, guide plate is connected with adjustment bracing wire, the jet length of forage is adjusted by adjustment bracing wire.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1. the present invention can harvesting corn fruit ear, again can harvesting corn stalk, realize one-machine-multi-function, the wasting of resources avoiding crop straw burning to bring and environmental pollution, improve Social benefit and economic benefit, is particluarly suitable for middle Small burden uses;
2. tanker of the present invention and grass box are arranged on reaping machine simultaneously, can gather in the crops fruit ear and cane simultaneously, and truck need not follow car, are especially applicable to central plain area's Small burden operation, improve work production rate, reduce cost;
3. the present invention adopts reciprocating cutterbar, and reciprocating cutterbar has that cutting-height is even, stubble height is low, and installation cost is low and generalization degree is high; Avoid employing to be rolled into formula cutter and easily roll earth, cause stalk to pollute, the defect of greenfeed can not be used as;
4. the present invention adopts the auxiliary feeding of thumb wheel, effectively solves the defect that reciprocating cutterbar does not carry cane ability backward, makes reciprocating cutterbar become possibility in maize straw results large-scale application, can reduce production cost;
5. the present invention adopts three single rollers to float intake mechanism, simplify frame for movement, preliminary roller adopts tooth-shape structure, have the ability capturing cane, central roll and rear roller adopt flat tooth structure, mainly play the broken joint feeding of stalk, three rollers are connected by connecting rod, can float each other, the speed ratio gone forward one by one between by each roller, can be transported to cutter mill smoothly by cane;
6. the present invention adopts and axially feeds spinner, and cane, after cutter mill chopping, throws the spinner center to back upper place, solves the problem laterally feeding and easily result in blockage, and save installing space, is easy to arrange.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is spike collecting of the present invention and forage collection structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 lower floor ceding of Taiwan structural representation;
Fig. 4 thumb wheel assembly apparatus schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 stalk feeding unit structural representation;
Fig. 6 feeding roller floating installation schematic diagram
Fig. 7 spinner structural representation.
Wherein, 1. the upper strata ceding of Taiwan, 2. upper strata ceding of Taiwan oil cylinder, 3. lower floor's ceding of Taiwan, 4. upper header mount pad, 5. lower cutting table oil cylinder, 6. lower cutting table mount pad, 7. driver's cabin, 8. walking chassis, 9. spinner, 10. ear forwarder, 12. engines, 14. grass boxs, 15. grass box rotating shafts, 16. grass box supports, 17. grass box rotational fuel tanks 1, 18. tankers, 19. tanker rotating shafts, 20. tanker supports, 21 tanker rotational fuel tanks, 22. fuel tanks, 23. reciprocating cutterbars, 24. thumb wheel assemblies, 25. cane feeding screw feeders, 26. lower floor's header frames, 27. cane feeding units, 28. cutter mills, 29. thumb wheel sprocket wheels, the left spindle nose of 30. thumb wheel, 31 band boss circular seat bearings, 32. screw feeder side plates, 33. left groups of rollers, 34. central shaft bearings, 35. right groups of rollers, feeding roller before 36., 37. front rods, 38. chain wheel I, 39. intermediate connecting rods, 40. chain wheel II, 41 back links, 42. sprocket wheels III, 43. sprocket wheels IV, 44. universal joints, 45. middle feeding rollers, feeding roller after 46., 47. feeding side plates, 48. back shafts, 49. springs I, 50. springs II, 51. springs III, 52. tube connectors, 53. bracing frames, 54. spinner shells, 55. blower fans, 56. belt pulleys, 57. rotating disks, 58. throwing cylinders, 59. rotating sprockets, 60 hydraulic motors, 61. adjustment bracing wires, 62. guide plates.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
A kind of middle-size and small-size self-propelled corncob and stalk corn combined harvester, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, comprise walking chassis 8, walking chassis 8 is provided with the upper strata ceding of Taiwan 1, lower floor's ceding of Taiwan 3, driver's cabin 7, ear forwarder 10, engine 12, grass box 14, tanker 18, fuel tank 22, thumb wheel assembly, stalk feeding unit, spinner 9; The upper strata ceding of Taiwan 1 one end is articulated in upper header mount pad 4 upper and lower end and is connected with the lower floor ceding of Taiwan 3 by upper strata ceding of Taiwan oil cylinder 2; Lower floor's ceding of Taiwan is positioned at below the ceding of Taiwan of upper strata, and one end is articulated in lower cutting table mount pad 6 upper and lower end and is connected with walking chassis 8 by lower cutting table oil cylinder 5, and lower cutting table mount pad 6, upper header mount pad 4 weld with walking chassis 8 respectively; Ear forwarder 10 is arranged on the right side of driver's cabin 7, walking chassis 8 afterbody is provided with grass box 14 and tanker 18, grass box 14 passes on left that grass box rotating shaft 15 is hinged on grass box support 16, right side is supported by grass box rotational fuel tank 17, is hinged on tanker support 20, left side supports by tanker rotational fuel tank 21 on the right side of tanker 18 by tanker rotating shaft 19; In the below of tanker 18 and grass box 14, fuel tank 22 is installed; The rear lower on walking chassis 7 is located at by stubble cleaner 13, thumb wheel assembly, stalk feeding unit, spinner, and described thumb wheel assembly, stalk feeding unit, spinner are connected with front portion, walking chassis 8.
Lower floor's ceding of Taiwan 3 comprises lower floor's header frame 26 and cutter mill 28, and lower floor's header frame 26 is connected with walking chassis 8, and lower floor's header frame 26 is provided with reciprocating cutterbar 23, and reciprocating cutterbar 23 is arranged on frame front end; Thumb wheel assembly 24, cane conveying screw feeder 25, cane feeding unit 27 is respectively equipped with after reciprocating cutterbar 23.
Thumb wheel assembly comprises thumb wheel sprocket wheel 29, the left spindle nose 30 of thumb wheel, band boss circular seat bearing 31, left group roller 33, central shaft bearing 34, right group roller 35, wherein thumb wheel sprocket wheel 29 is connected with left spindle nose 30, left spindle nose, right spindle nose are welded on left group roller 33, right group roller 35 respectively, left spindle nose, right spindle nose are connected with screw feeder side plate 32 by band boss circular seat bearing 31, screw feeder side plate 32 is connected with walking chassis 8, and left dialling in the middle of roller 33, right group roller 35 is connected by central shaft bearing 34.
Stalk feeding unit mainly comprises front feeding roller 36, middle feeding roller 45, rear feeding roller 46, front feeding roller 36 is connected by front rod 37 with middle feeding roller 45, middle feeding roller 45 is connected by intermediate connecting rod 39 with rear feeding roller 46, rear feeding roller 46 is fixed on back shaft 48 by back link 41, back shaft 48 is welded on feeding side plate 47, feeding side plate 47 is connected with walking chassis 8, mechanism's power is inputted by universal joint 44, one power passes to sprocket wheel III 42 through sprocket wheel IV 43, front feeding roller is given by transmission of power, another strand of power passes to chain wheel II 40 through chain wheel I 38, power is reached rear feeding roller 46.
Described stalk feeding unit is connected with feeding roller floating installation, described feeding roller floating installation comprises spring I 49, spring II 50, spring III 51, wherein spring I 49 upper end is articulated in front rod 37 upper and lower end and is articulated on lower floor's header frame 26, spring II 50 upper end is articulated in intermediate connecting rod 39 upper and lower end and is articulated on lower floor's header frame 26, and spring III 51 one end is articulated on back link 41, the other end is articulated on lower floor's header frame 26.
Described spinner mainly comprises tube connector 52, spinner shell 54, blower fan 55, throwing cylinder 58, guide plate 62, belt pulley 56, adjustment bracing wire 61, guide plate 62, wherein tube connector 52 one end is connected with spinner shell 54, and coordinate with the fan shaft position of blower fan 55, tube connector 52 other end to be exported with the cutter mill of the lower floor ceding of Taiwan 3 by transition conduit and is connected, belt pulley 56 is arranged on blower fan one end, transferring power, spinner shell 54 bottom is connected with walking chassis 8 by bracing frame 53, top is connected with throwing cylinder 58, rotating disk 57 is provided with between spinner shell 54 and throwing cylinder 58, hydraulic motor 60, hydraulic motor 60 is connected with rotating disk 57 by rotating sprocket 59, thus drive rotating disk 57 to rotate, realize turning to of throwing cylinder, throwing cylinder 58 end is provided with guide plate 62, guide plate 62 is connected with adjustment bracing wire 61, the jet length of forage is adjusted by adjustment bracing wire 61.
Operation principle of the present invention is: fruit ear is taken by the upper strata ceding of Taiwan 1, and the fruit ear taken, through ear forwarder 10, directly enters tanker 18.While harvesting, milpa is being had fast shut-off under bearing state by reciprocating cutterbar 23.Stalk after cut-out is dumped into cane conveying screw feeder 25 under thumb wheel 24 acts on, the cane conveying screw feeder blade different through rotation direction delivers to cane feeding unit 27 to centre collection, when cane feed quantity increases, three feeding rollers overcome respective spring pressure, increase feeding gap, thus strengthen the feed quantity of stalk, when feed quantity reduces, under the pulling force of spring, roller recovers original position; When cane is delivered to cutter mill 28 after the broken joint of multistage feeding roller, the cane of chopping throws to spinner 9, and blower fan 55 is injected into grass box 14 after cane is after a step is accelerated.Like this, whole stalk recovery operation is just completed.
By reference to the accompanying drawings invention embodiment is described although above-mentioned; but not limiting the scope of the invention; one of ordinary skill in the art should be understood that; on the basis of technical scheme of the present invention, those skilled in the art do not need to pay various amendment or distortion that creative work can make still within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. one kind middle-size and small-size self-propelled corncob and stalk corn combined harvester, comprise walking chassis, it is characterized in that, walking chassis is provided with the upper strata ceding of Taiwan, lower floor's ceding of Taiwan, driver's cabin, ear forwarder, engine, grass box, tanker, fuel tank, thumb wheel assembly, stalk feeding unit, spinner; Ceding of Taiwan one end, upper strata is articulated in upper header mount pad upper and lower end and is connected with the lower floor ceding of Taiwan by upper strata ceding of Taiwan oil cylinder; Lower floor's ceding of Taiwan is positioned at below the ceding of Taiwan of upper strata, and one end is articulated in lower cutting table mount pad upper and lower end and is connected with walking chassis by lower cutting table oil cylinder, and lower cutting table mount pad, upper header mount pad are connected with walking chassis respectively; Described thumb wheel assembly, stalk feeding unit, spinner are connected with front portion, walking chassis;
Described thumb wheel assembly comprises thumb wheel sprocket wheel, the left spindle nose of thumb wheel, band boss circular seat bearing, left group roller, central shaft bearing, right group roller, wherein thumb wheel sprocket wheel is connected with left spindle nose, left spindle nose, right spindle nose are welded on left group roller, right group roller respectively, left spindle nose, right spindle nose are connected with screw feeder side plate by band boss circular seat bearing, screw feeder side plate is connected with walking chassis, and left dialling in the middle of roller, right group roller is connected by central shaft bearing;
Described stalk feeding unit mainly comprises front feeding roller, middle feeding roller, rear feeding roller, front feeding roller adopts tooth-shape structure, middle feeding roller and rear feeding roller adopt flat tooth structure, front feeding roller is connected by front rod with middle feeding roller, middle feeding roller is connected by intermediate connecting rod with rear feeding roller, rear feeding roller is fixed on back shaft by back link, back shaft is welded on feeding side plate, feeding side plate is connected with walking chassis, mechanism's power is inputted by universal joint, one power passes to sprocket wheel III through sprocket wheel IV, front feeding roller is given by transmission of power, another strand of power passes to chain wheel II through chain wheel I, power is reached rear feeding roller,
Described spinner mainly comprises tube connector, spinner shell, blower fan, throwing cylinder, guide plate, belt pulley, adjustment bracing wire, guide plate, wherein tube connector one end is connected with spinner shell, and coordinate with the fan shaft position of blower fan, the tube connector other end to be exported with the cutter mill of the lower floor ceding of Taiwan by transition conduit and is connected, belt pulley is arranged on blower fan one end, transferring power, spinner shell bottom is connected with walking chassis by bracing frame, top is connected with throwing cylinder, rotating disk is provided with between spinner shell and throwing cylinder, hydraulic motor, hydraulic motor is connected with rotating disk by rotating sprocket, thus drive dial rotation, realize turning to of throwing cylinder, throwing cylinder end is provided with guide plate, guide plate is connected with adjustment bracing wire, the jet length of forage is adjusted by adjustment bracing wire.
2. middle-size and small-size self-propelled corncob and stalk corn combined harvester as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described ear forwarder is arranged on the right side of driver's cabin, grass box and tanker are located at walking chassis afterbody, grass box passes on left that grass box rotating shaft is hinged on grass box support, right side is supported by grass box rotational fuel tank, is hinged on tanker support, left side supports by tanker rotational fuel tank on the right side of tanker by tanker rotating shaft; In the below of tanker and grass box, fuel tank is installed.
3. middle-size and small-size self-propelled corncob and stalk corn combined harvester as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the ceding of Taiwan of described lower floor comprises lower floor's header frame and cutter mill, lower floor's header frame is connected with walking chassis, lower floor's header frame is provided with reciprocating cutterbar, and reciprocating cutterbar is arranged on frame front end; Thumb wheel assembly, cane conveying screw feeder, cane feeding unit is respectively equipped with after reciprocating cutterbar.
4. middle-size and small-size self-propelled corncob and stalk corn combined harvester as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described stalk feeding unit is connected with feeding roller floating installation, described feeding roller floating installation comprises spring I, spring II, spring III, wherein spring I upper end is articulated in front rod upper and lower end and is articulated on lower floor's header frame, spring II upper end is articulated in intermediate connecting rod upper and lower end and is articulated on lower floor's header frame, and spring III one end is articulated on back link, the other end is articulated on lower floor's header frame.
CN201310064490.7A 2013-02-28 2013-02-28 Small and medium size self-propelled corncob-stem both-gaining corn combine harvester Active CN103098614B (en)

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