CN103096377A - Method and system for controlling terminal response and trigger under network congestion state - Google Patents

Method and system for controlling terminal response and trigger under network congestion state Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103096377A
CN103096377A CN2011103482750A CN201110348275A CN103096377A CN 103096377 A CN103096377 A CN 103096377A CN 2011103482750 A CN2011103482750 A CN 2011103482750A CN 201110348275 A CN201110348275 A CN 201110348275A CN 103096377 A CN103096377 A CN 103096377A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
message
described
terminal
mobility management
process
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CN2011103482750A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴昊
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中兴通讯股份有限公司
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Priority to CN2011103482750A priority Critical patent/CN103096377A/en
Publication of CN103096377A publication Critical patent/CN103096377A/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W76/00Connection management
    • H04W76/50Connection management for emergency connections
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W76/00Connection management
    • H04W76/10Connection setup
    • H04W76/18Management of setup rejection or failure

Abstract

The invention discloses a method and a system for controlling terminal response and trigger under a network congestion state and is used for solving the technical problem that a terminal can not respond to requests of urgent tasks needing to be executed by a Microsoft technology center (MTC) server when a network is under the congestion state. The method comprises the following steps: when the network is under the congestion state, a mobile management unit sends delay time to a terminal; after the terminal receives the delay time, a delay timer is started; and when the delay timer is in operation, if the terminal receives trigger information sent by the mobile management unit, the delay timer is stopped, and a mobile management process or a process management process is started. According to the method and the system for controlling terminal response and trigger under the network congestion state, the terminal can respond to the requests of the urgent tasks launched by the MTC server when the network is under the congestion state.

Description

The method and system that under the network congestion state, the control terminal response triggers

Technical field

The present invention relates to the mobile communication technology field, relates in particular to a kind of method and system that machine type communication (Machine Type Communication, MTC) terminal response triggers of controlling under the network congestion state.

Background technology

As shown in Figure 1, cellular radio communication system mainly is comprised of core net (Core Network is called for short CN), Access Network (Radio Access Network is called for short RAN) and terminal.Core net is responsible for the Non-Access Stratum affairs, such as updating of terminal position etc., and is the anchor point of user's face.Access Network comprises the base station, and perhaps base station and base station are controlled, and Access Network is responsible for Access Layer affairs (for example management of Radio Resource).Can have physics or connection in logic according to actual conditions between the base station, as the connection between the base station 1 in Fig. 1 and base station 2 or base station 3, and each base station can with is connected or more than one core net node connects.Terminal be subscriber equipment (User Equipment, be called for short UE) refer to can with the various device of cellular radio communication network communication, such as mobile phone or notebook computer etc.

Mobility management unit (MME or SGSN) is to be in charge of the terminal access control in core net, and the unit of updating location information and switching is responsible for core net and is controlled and endpoint registration is arrived the function of network to the Non-Access Stratum signaling of terminal.

Home subscriber server (HSS) or homing user position register (HLR) are the entities of being responsible for identity information, authentication information and the authorization message etc. of preservation terminal equipment in core net.According to different situations, HSS or HLR can be used for preserving user's identity information and the binding information of user and terminal equipment, or only preserve user's identity information (can be preserved by gateway the binding information of user and terminal equipment), or directly preserve the identity information of terminal equipment.HSS or HLR also are responsible for user's subscribed database, and execution user's authentication and mandate etc.Business platform can be from HSS or HLR inquiring user or end message.

MTC interoperability functional entity (MTC IWF) is that between mobile radio communication and outside public network connects entity, can realize protocol conversion, address lookup, the functions such as information preservation.The interoperability functional entity externally connects application server, internally can be connected to HSS/HLR, or MME/SGSN.

Some business is arranged usually, such as monitoring management system need to obtain monitor data to monitor terminal, need to set up and being connected of server by the server triggers terminal, to report the data of needs.Terminal after receiving the triggering message of server, just needs and can make an immediate response so, and foundation is connected with server.At present in order to satisfy server to the triggering demand of terminal, existing solution sends trigger message to HSS by server, then pass through MME or the SGSN of HSS inquiry service terminal, message be will trigger and MME or SGSN sent to, then send to terminal by the Non-Access Stratum signaling, terminal is set up and being connected of server according to triggering message.

Yet when network congestion, terminal can not be initiated connection request, and therefore after triggering message sent to terminal, terminal possibly can't make an immediate response, thereby causes server can not in time obtain the data of needs.The triggering message that every server is sent due to network all can charging, so terminal can not in time respond and can affect user's experience.

Summary of the invention

In view of this, main purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of method and system that the control terminal response triggers under the network congestion state, be used for solving when network is in congestion state, can cause terminal can not respond the technical problem that the MTC server needs the request of the hot job that terminal carries out, need to collect the water level alarm data of MTC terminal collection etc. such as the MTC server, thereby cause the MTC server data that can not upgrade in time, make the problem of alarm processing.

For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that

A kind of method that the control terminal response triggers under the network congestion state, the method comprises:

Under network was in congestion state, the mobility management unit transmission lag time was to terminal;

After terminal receives described time of delay, the start delay timer;

When delay timer moves, if terminal receives the triggering message that mobility management unit sends, stop delay timer, initiate mobility management process or management of process process.

Further, at first described triggering message send to mobility management unit by machine type communication MTC server, then send to terminal by mobility management unit.

Further, described triggering message is used for urgency traffic.

Further, a kind of specific implementation of the process of transmitting of described triggering message is:

A1, described MTC server will trigger message and send to short message service center;

A2, short message service center read the terminal iidentification that triggers in message, will trigger message and be packaged into a short message and send to mobility management unit;

A3, mobility management unit send to terminal with short message.

Further, the another kind of specific implementation of the process of transmitting of described triggering message is:

B1, described MTC server will trigger message and send to machine type communication interoperability functional entity MTC IWF;

B2, described MTC IWF will trigger message and send to mobility management unit;

B3, mobility management unit will trigger message bearing and send to terminal in Non-Access Stratum NAS signaling.

Further, described NAS signaling is accepted signaling for adhering to request, or adheres to the request rejection signaling, or the tracing section updating request accepts signaling, or tracing section updating request rejection signaling, or descending general NAS command transmitting.

Further, described initiation mobility management process adheres to request for initiating, or the initiating updating of tracking area request, or initiating business request;

Described initiation management of process process is initiation packet data network PDN connection request.

Based on method provided by the invention, the present invention also provides a kind of system that the control terminal response triggers under the network congestion state, and this system comprises:

What be positioned at mobility management unit sends time of delay to the time-delay dispensing device of terminal for being at network under congestion state;

Be positioned at the deferred mount that is used for receiving described time of delay and start delay timer of terminal;

The transmission that is positioned at mobility management unit triggers the message dispensing device of message;

Be positioned at being used in time of delay of terminal, receive when triggering message, stop delay timer and initiate mobility management process or the trigger-response mechanism of management of process process.

Further, at first described triggering message send to described message dispensing device by machine type communication MTC server, and described message dispensing device sends to described trigger-response mechanism with described triggering message again;

Described triggering message is used for urgency traffic.

Further, described system also comprises: be positioned at the triggering message that the MTC server sends that be used for to receive of short message service center, and will trigger message and be packaged into the first message transmission device that a short message sends to described message dispensing device according to triggering terminal iidentification in message.

Further, described system also comprises: be positioned at the triggering message that is used for receiving the transmission of MTC server of MTC IWF, and described triggering message sent to the second message transmission device of described message dispensing device; Described the second message transmission device will trigger message bearing and send to described terminal in Non-Access Stratum NAS signaling.

Further, described initiation mobility management process adheres to request for initiating, or the initiating updating of tracking area request, or initiating business request; Described initiation management of process process is initiation packet data network PDN connection request.

Technique effect: can when network is in congestion state, make terminal still can respond the emergent operation request that the MTC server is initiated by the present invention.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the schematic network structure of cellular radio communication system in prior art;

A kind of method flow diagram that the control terminal response triggers under the network congestion state that Fig. 2 provides for the embodiment of the present invention.

Embodiment

For making the purpose, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, by the following examples and with reference to accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in more detail.

A kind of method flow diagram that the control terminal response triggers under the network congestion state that Fig. 2 provides for the embodiment of the present invention, the method comprises:

Step 201, under the network congestion state, mobility management unit (MME or SGSN) the transmission lag time is to terminal;

Virtual network operator can be processed what users' connection request simultaneously according to the serviceability of mobility management unit (MME or SGSN) such as maximum, load-threshold value is set, and load-threshold value must be less than the simultaneously treated number of users of maximum energy.When the number of users when pre-treatment reached load-threshold value, the mobility management unit decision network was in overload, and the transmission lag time is to terminal.

Terminal described in the embodiment of the present invention refers to have mobile subscriber's subscriber equipment of MTC function;

After step 202, terminal receive described time of delay, the start delay timer, and do not initiate mobility management process or management of process process within time of delay, wherein initiate mobility management process and can refer to initiate to adhere to request, initiating updating of tracking area request or initiating business request, the management of process process can refer to initiation packet data network PDN connection request;

Described terminal is after the time of delay that receives the mobility management unit transmission, at the local boot delay timer, the delay timer value is the value of time of delay of receiving, and described terminal is not initiated mobility management process or management of process process within time of delay, but except following four kinds of situations:

(1) initiate urgent call;

(2) called response, for example ICQ terminal;

(3) detach request;

(4) PDN connects the request of disconnection;

Step 203, when delay timer moves, if terminal receives the triggering message that mobility management unit sends, stop delay timer, initiate mobility management process or management of process process.

This trigger message by the MTC server via short message service center or MTC-IWF (MTC interoperability functional entity, be specifically designed to and carry out signaling or data retransmission between MTC server and mobile communications network, protocol conversion) send to mobility management unit (MME or SGSN), and then send to terminal by mobility management unit.

When delay timer moves, if the MTC server need to obtain real time data from terminal, need send to trigger message to terminal, can be including but not limited to the sign of terminal, the effective time of triggering indication in described triggering message.

Described triggering message can be the trigger request of urgency traffic, such as the MTC server need to be reported at this moment for the MTC terminal of water level alarm the data of monitoring

The method that the MTC server send to trigger message to terminal can have multiple, such as sends, pass through Non-Access Stratum NAS layer signaling transmission etc. by short message service center.

The MTC server sends to terminal the method that triggers message by short message service center:

Step 203A1, when the MTC server need to obtain real time data from terminal, will trigger message and send to short message service center;

Step 203A2, short message service center read the terminal iidentification that triggers in message, will trigger message and be packaged into a short message and send to mobility management unit, then send to terminal by mobility management unit;

After step 203A3, terminal receive described short message, resolve described short message, obtain to trigger message.

Step 203A4, when terminal judges to this moment delay timer still in when operation, stop this delay timer, execution is adhered to request or tracking area request or service request and is notified MME or SGSN, and terminal has received triggering message, or carry out the PDN connection request, foundation is connected with network.

The MTC application server sends to terminal the method that triggers message by the NAS signaling:

Step 203A1, when the MTC server need to obtain real time data from terminal, will trigger message and send to MTC IWF;

Step 203A2, MTC IWF will trigger message and send to MME or SGSN, and MME or SGSN will trigger message and send to terminal;

After step 203A3, terminal receive described short message, resolve described short message, obtain to trigger message.

Step 203A4, when terminal judges to this moment delay timer still in when operation, stop this delay timer, execution is adhered to request or tracking area request or service request and is notified MME or SGSN, and terminal has received triggering message, or carry out the PDN connection request, foundation is connected with network.

The above is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not for limiting protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (12)

1. the method that the control terminal response triggers under the network congestion state, is characterized in that, the method comprises:
Under network was in congestion state, the mobility management unit transmission lag time was to terminal;
After terminal receives described time of delay, the start delay timer;
When delay timer moves, if terminal receives the triggering message that mobility management unit sends, stop delay timer, initiate mobility management process or management of process process.
2. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, at first described triggering message send to mobility management unit by machine type communication MTC server, then send to terminal by mobility management unit.
3. method according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described triggering message is used for urgency traffic.
4. method according to claim 2, is characterized in that, the process of transmitting of described triggering message is specially:
A1, described MTC server will trigger message and send to short message service center;
A2, short message service center read the terminal iidentification that triggers in message, will trigger message and be packaged into a short message and send to mobility management unit;
A3, mobility management unit send to terminal with short message.
5. method according to claim 2, is characterized in that, the process of transmitting of described triggering message is specially:
B1, described MTC server will trigger message and send to machine type communication interoperability functional entity MTC IWF;
B2, described MTC IWF will trigger message and send to mobility management unit;
B3, mobility management unit will trigger message bearing and send to terminal in Non-Access Stratum NAS signaling.
6. method according to claim 5, is characterized in that,
Described NAS signaling is accepted signaling for adhering to request, or adheres to the request rejection signaling, or the tracing section updating request accepts signaling, or tracing section updating request rejection signaling, or descending general NAS command transmitting.
7. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described initiation mobility management process adheres to request for initiating, or the initiating updating of tracking area request, or initiating business request;
Described initiation management of process process is initiation packet data network PDN connection request.
8. the system that the control terminal response triggers under the network congestion state, is characterized in that, this system comprises:
What be positioned at mobility management unit sends time of delay to the time-delay dispensing device of terminal for being at network under congestion state;
Be positioned at the deferred mount that is used for receiving described time of delay and start delay timer of terminal;
The transmission that is positioned at mobility management unit triggers the message dispensing device of message;
Be positioned at being used in time of delay of terminal, receive when triggering message, stop delay timer and initiate mobility management process or the trigger-response mechanism of management of process process.
9. system according to claim 8, is characterized in that,
At first described triggering message send to described message dispensing device by machine type communication MTC server, and described message dispensing device sends to described trigger-response mechanism with described triggering message again;
Described triggering message is used for urgency traffic.
10. system according to claim 9, is characterized in that, described system also comprises:
Be positioned at the triggering message that the MTC server sends that be used for to receive of short message service center, and will trigger message and be packaged into the first message transmission device that a short message sends to described message dispensing device according to triggering terminal iidentification in message.
11. system according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described system also comprises:
Be positioned at the triggering message that is used for receiving the transmission of MTC server of MTC IWF, and described triggering message sent to the second message transmission device of described message dispensing device; Described the second message transmission device will trigger message bearing and send to described terminal in Non-Access Stratum NAS signaling.
12. system according to claim 8 is characterized in that, described initiation mobility management process adheres to request for initiating, or the initiating updating of tracking area request, or initiating business request; Described initiation management of process process is initiation packet data network PDN connection request.
CN2011103482750A 2011-11-07 2011-11-07 Method and system for controlling terminal response and trigger under network congestion state CN103096377A (en)

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PCT/CN2011/085070 WO2013067746A1 (en) 2011-11-07 2011-12-30 Method and system for controlling terminal response trigger in network congestion state

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CN107614073A (en) * 2015-05-22 2018-01-19 Cy游戏公司 Information processing system, server and program and terminal and program
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