A kind of rubbish from cooking is extracted squeezer
The present invention relates to the press apparatus of extracting of one way of life rubbish, particularly extract squeezer about a kind of rubbish from cooking.
Rubbish from cooking mainly forms by eating surplus food (not containing swill) two parts on the waste material that produces in the kitchen food process and dining table, is a kind of solid waste that the resident forms in the personal consumption process.The rubbish from cooking moisture content is higher, and mobility is larger, easily leaks, and causes secondary pollution, polluted surface water and underground water; And in rubbish from cooking, a large amount of water is unfavorable for the transportation of rubbish, more is unfavorable for the burning disposal of rubbish.Therefore, extract, squeeze, dewater most important to rubbish from cooking.
It number is 200810227550.1 " restaurant rubbish squeezing machine " that rubbish squeezing equipment of the prior art has patent application, it is to utilize the motor-driven leading screw to rotate, and leading screw rotates and produces moment, the motion of pushing piston plate, by piston plate, changing food waste is pushed, remove the moisture in rubbish.The periodic motion on leading screw of the piston plate of this application for a patent for invention, piston plate are under the drive of leading screw, and from an end motion of leading screw to the other end, the rubbish in extrusion chamber is extruded once; Piston plate is maximum away from the pressure that motor one end produces on leading screw, thereby pressing waste is removed moisture; But such extruding is not continuous, is resting period property, and the fashion of extrusion of resting period property is wasted time and energy, and the amount of extracting rubbish within the unit interval is less, and for the treatment plant of a large amount of disposals of refuse, treating capacity can not meet the demands far away; And the electrical control of this patent application is complicated, and electric components is many, and processing cost is high; Aspect the maintenance of equipment, maintenance, same cost is higher; And manufacturing, processed complex, to processing technology, rapidoprint requires high.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, the purpose of this invention is to provide and a kind ofly extract that dehydration rate is high, treating capacity is large, the simple rubbish from cooking of equipment electrical control is extracted squeezer.
For achieving the above object, the present invention takes following technical scheme: a kind of rubbish from cooking is extracted squeezer, it is characterized in that: it comprises the press cylinder that is horizontally installed on frame, a wherein end of described press cylinder is as head end, and be provided with a charging aperture at the top near this end, an other end of described press cylinder is as tail end, the taper shape that described tail end is arranged to shrink gradually; The bottom interval of described press cylinder is provided with some delivery ports, is provided with a solid-liquid isolated gate on each described delivery port; Axially be provided with a helical axis in described press cylinder, be provided with helical blade on described helical axis, the pitch of described helical blade constantly reduces to tail end from the head end of described press cylinder; Described helical axis passes the head end of described press cylinder near an end of charging aperture, and connects motor with gearbox by shaft coupling; The tail end that the other end of described helical axis passes described press cylinder is arranged on described frame, the tail end arranged outside of described press cylinder has a baffle plate, be provided with extrusion spring on the described helical axis in the described baffle plate outside, the other end of described extrusion spring is fixed on described frame, and the below of described extrusion spring is provided with discharging opening.
The present invention is owing to taking above technical scheme, it has the following advantages: 1, be provided with helical axis in press cylinder of the present invention, by the helical blade on helical axis, rubbish from cooking is constantly pushed, rubbed, and along with helical axis is fed forward, arrive discharging opening, and at the discharging opening place, helical axis reaches maximum to the extruding force of rubbish; Press cylinder arranges baffle plate near an end of discharging opening, the baffle plate arranged outside has spring, under the elastic force effect of spring, by baffle plate, out rubbish from cooking is increased external force in the other direction, increase squeezing intensity, rubbish is under the buffer brake double action of thrust, extruding force and the outer side shield of helical axis like this, and the moisture of rubbish inside has been improved the de-water ratio of rubbish from cooking by a large amount of removals.2, the present invention is closing on the end that baffle plate is arranged, and the pitch on helical axis constantly reduces, extruding, and rubbing puts more effort, and the moisture in rubbish is by further squeezing minimizing.3, helical axis uniform rotation of the present invention, charging, discharging are all continuous, the treating capacity of rubbish increases within the unit interval, satisfies the requirement of a large amount of disposals of refuse.4. press cylinder of the present invention is processed into taper shape near an end of discharging opening, be conducive to rubbish from the helical axis end out, be also constantly to reduce in order to produce herein a volume, the process that the extruding dynamics constantly increases is conducive to further reduce the moisture in rubbish.The present invention is simple in structure, and manufacturing process is simple, and low processing cost can effectively reduce the moisture in rubbish from cooking, can be widely used in the rubbish from cooking processing procedure.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes press cylinder 1, press cylinder 1 is horizontally installed on frame 2, a wherein end of press cylinder 1 is as head end, press cylinder 1 is provided with a charging aperture 3 near the top of head end, and an other end of press cylinder 1 is as tail end, the taper shape that tail end is arranged to shrink gradually.The bottom interval of press cylinder 1 is provided with some delivery ports 4, is provided with a solid-liquid isolated gate 5 on each delivery port 4.The interior helical axis 6 that axially is provided with of press cylinder 1 is provided with helical blade 7 on helical axis 6, the pitch of helical blade 7 constantly reduces to tail end from the head end of press cylinder 1.Helical axis 6 passes the head end of press cylinder 1 near an end of charging aperture 3, and by the motor 10 of shaft coupling 8 connections with gearbox 9.The tail end that the other end of helical axis 6 passes press cylinder 1 is arranged on frame 1; The conical tail end arranged outside of press cylinder 1 has a baffle plate 11, be provided with extrusion spring 12 on the helical axis 6 in baffle plate 11 outsides, the other end of extrusion spring 12 is fixed on frame 1, and the below of extrusion spring 12 is provided with discharge tank, and discharge tank bottom is provided with discharging opening 13.
The course of work of the present invention is: helical axis 6 is connected by shaft coupling 8 with motor 10, and gearbox 9 reduces the rotating speed of motor 10, for helical axis 6 provides suitable rotating speed at the uniform velocity.Motor 10 drives helical axis 6 uniform rotation, 7 pairs of rubbishes from cooking of coming in from charging aperture 3 of helical blade on helical axis 6 are ceaselessly pushed, are rubbed, and constantly pushing away to the tail end of press cylinder 1 and carrying, the pitch of helical blade 7 reduces gradually, extruding force constantly increases, when arriving the tail end of press cylinder 1, the baffle plate 11 that is positioned at the press cylinder 1 tail end outside can apply reverse pressure to the rubbish of extrusion, rubbish was depressed in dual the adding of spiral thrust, extruding force and baffle plate 11 pressure, and the moisture in rubbish is extruded fully.The water of extruding is discharged from delivery port 4 by solid-liquid isolated gate 5.The pressure size of baffle plate 11 can by regulating the decrement of extrusion spring 12, be regulated the elastic force of extrusion spring 12.During greater than the reaction force of extrusion spring 12, rubbish is pushed baffle plate 11 open, falls down by the self gravitation effect, from discharging opening 13 out when the thrust of helical axis 6.The rubbish from cooking moisture content of process the present invention extruding is generally between 55%～50%.
In above-described embodiment, adopt the motor 10 that meets national low energy consumption that power is provided.
The various embodiments described above only are used for explanation the present invention, and wherein the structure of each parts, connected mode etc. all can change to some extent, and every equivalents of carrying out on the basis of technical solution of the present invention and improvement all should not got rid of outside protection scope of the present invention.