CN103084375A - Kitchen waste collecting and separating device - Google Patents

Kitchen waste collecting and separating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103084375A
CN103084375A CN2013100245860A CN201310024586A CN103084375A CN 103084375 A CN103084375 A CN 103084375A CN 2013100245860 A CN2013100245860 A CN 2013100245860A CN 201310024586 A CN201310024586 A CN 201310024586A CN 103084375 A CN103084375 A CN 103084375A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
hopper
collecting
separating
kitchen waste
screening
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2013100245860A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐卓慧
赵臻梁
王峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WUXI SAIYA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
WUXI SAIYA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by WUXI SAIYA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical WUXI SAIYA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN2013100245860A priority Critical patent/CN103084375A/en
Publication of CN103084375A publication Critical patent/CN103084375A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kitchen waste collecting and separating device. The kitchen waste collecting and separating device is arranged at the front channel of a kitchen waste treatment production line; the top layer of the collecting hopper of a dual-layer structure consists of a plurality of filter plates with densely distributed with liquid filter holes; a slag discharge hole is formed on the bottom of a hopper; a screening device is arranged below the slag discharge hole; the plate surface of a base plate of a hopper at the lower layer is not provided with holes; and a liquid outlet is formed on the bottom of the hopper, and is communicated with a slag liquid mixing groove through a liquid delivery pipe. According to the invention, aiming at the characteristic of great water content of kitchen waste, solids and liquids in the collecting hopper are separated, the separated liquids enter a screening device and a crashing device, so that adverse influences of high screening and crushing load, poor efficiency and the like caused by too much moisture are prevented, and efficient screening and crushing effects are obtained. According to the invention, not only can the fertilizer efficiency in sewage be fully utilized, but also pollution generated by sewage exhaust as well as the increased sewage treatment appliances and running cost are prevented.

Description

The collecting and separating device of kitchen castoff
Technical field
The present invention relates to environmental technology field, especially a kind of collecting and separating device of kitchen castoff.
Background technology
Have the two attributes of harmfulness and resource in kitchen castoff and deposit.On the one hand, kitchen castoff oil-containing water rate is high, generally 80%~90%, and perishable generation stench, improper processing (landfill or burning) can cause serious environmental pollution; And the source is complicated, has virus, pathogenic bacteria, pathogenic microorganism, also can cause the propagation infection of pathogen etc., and harmfulness is stronger.Simultaneously, the kitchen castoff content of organics is high, is rich in various trace elements and the animal and plant fats such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and the potential utilization of resources is worth high.In prior art, changing food waste is innoxious, the resource scheme comprise utilize the content of organics high to produce feed meal, produce marsh gas power generation, biological flora carries out fermenting and producing organic fertilizer or soil conditioner etc., these all need with from the restaurant, restaurant, the living area kitchen castoff of collecting first concentrates collection, screening enters aftertreatment technology again.But be not directed to specially the collecting and separating device of kitchen castoff characteristics in prior art, on-the-spot a large amount of sewage and the soup juice of often spreading unchecked of sorting, poor working environment not only, ground is wet and slippery easily slips, and the smell is awful, and worm dances in the air fly; And these sewage directly discharging can cause secondary pollution, and a large amount of fertilizer efficiency and the grease that wherein contain have been wasted.
Summary of the invention
The applicant processes the shortcoming of the collecting and separating device that there is no specialty for above-mentioned kitchen castoff, a kind of collecting and separating device of kitchen castoff rational in infrastructure is provided, thereby can effectively complete the collection mask work of kitchen castoff.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of collecting and separating device of kitchen castoff is arranged on the front road that kitchen castoff is processed streamline, and double-deck collection bucket top layer is comprised of the filter plate with holes of some densely covered filtrate hole, and feed hopper bottom forms cinder notch, and screening plant is set below slag notch; Lower floor's hopper base plate plate face does not arrange the hole, and feed hopper bottom forms liquid outlet, and liquid outlet is communicated to slag liquid mixing channel by woven hose.
As further improvement in the technical proposal: gathering the top layer hopper quarrel periphery of bucket, be provided with hot-water line, be provided with some perforates on tube wall.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
The present invention is directed to the large characteristics of kitchen castoff water content, carry out Separation of Solid and Liquid at the collection bucket, the solid of isolating wherein enters screening plant and pulverizer, thereby has avoided too much moisture to cause the adverse effects such as screening, the pulverizing load is large, efficient is poor, obtains screening and crushing effect efficiently.The filtrate that the present invention will gather bucket is mixed into slag liquid mixing channel and realizes that solid-liquid mixes, thereby the slag liquid that has guaranteed the input solid-liquid separating machine has suitable concentration and mobility, and does not need to dilute with running water separately; Not only take full advantage of it and include fertilizer efficiency, and avoided the pollution of discharge of wastewater generation and sewage treatment facility and the operating cost of increase.
The present invention arranges hot-water line and carries out the hot water injection gathering the bucket top, can effectively clean and gather bucket, eliminates peculiar smell, can adapt to the particularity of northern cold climate simultaneously, has good adaptability and reliability.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of duty of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is front view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 2.
In figure: 1, gather bucket; 2, screening plant; 3, pulverizer; 4, slag liquid mixing channel; 5, slag notch; 6, woven hose; 7, liquid outlet; 8, hot-water line; 9, filtrate hole; 10, filter plate with holes; 11, base plate; 12, refuse collector.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention is arranged on collection bucket 1 structure that kitchen castoff is processed the front road of streamline, as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, gathering bucket 1 is the double-layer hopper structure, top layer is welded to form broach hopper by the filter plate with holes 10 of some densely covered filtrate hole 9, feed hopper bottom forms cinder notch 5, and slag notch 5 places are provided with stainless steel wire sieve, and the conveyer belt of screening plant 2 is set below slag notch 5; Lower floor's hopper base plate 11 plate faces do not arrange the hole, and feed hopper bottom forms liquid outlet 7, and liquid outlet 7 is communicated to slag liquid mixing channel 4 by woven hose 6.At top layer hopper quarrel periphery, be provided with hot-water line 8, be provided with some perforates on tube wall.
During real work, refuse collector 12 will be poured over from the kitchen castoff of collecting in restaurant, restaurant, residential block on the filter plate with holes 10 that gathers bucket 1 top layer hopper, in kitchen castoff, 80~90% liquid flows into lower floor's hopper by the filtrate hole 9 on filter plate 10 with holes, and collects output from liquid outlet 7; Solid matter tumbles along the inclined-plane, and dropping by slag notch 5 is dispersed on the zone face of conveyer belt, and the solid that bottle etc. are larger is stopped by screen cloth.The objects such as the metal in 2 pairs of solid matters of screening plant, plastics are removed, and then fall into pulverizer 3 and pulverize and drop into slag liquid mixing channel 4.From the liquid that woven hose 6 is directly inputted, also enter slag liquid mixing channel 4 internal solid slag particles and mix with liquid, form approximately 80%~90% mixture of moisture content, carried by the backward last part technology of sludge pump suction.
In the situation that gap or the filter plate with holes 10 plate faces of work are dirtier, pass into hot water and spray by pipe tap in hot-water line 8, cleaner plate face effectively, hot water also can dissolve the grease that solidifies on the plate face it is cleaned effectively; In addition, if rear portion slag liquid mixing channel 4 interior solids ratios are too large, too dense thick, also can carry out by spray hot water additional adjusting of liquid of slag liquid mixing channel 4.
Above description is explanation of the invention, is not that limited range of the present invention is referring to claim, in the situation that without prejudice to spirit of the present invention, the present invention can do any type of modification to the restriction of invention.

Claims (2)

1. the collecting and separating device of a kitchen castoff, be arranged on kitchen castoff and process the front road of streamline, it is characterized in that: double-deck collection bucket (1) top layer is comprised of the filter plate with holes (10) of some densely covered filtrate hole (9), feed hopper bottom forms cinder notch (5), and screening plant (2) is set below slag notch (5); Lower floor's hopper base plate (11) plate face does not arrange the hole, and feed hopper bottom forms liquid outlet (7), and liquid outlet (7) is communicated to slag liquid mixing channel (4) by woven hose (6).
2. according to the collecting and separating device of kitchen castoff claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: gathering the top layer hopper quarrel periphery of bucket (1), be provided with hot-water line (8), be provided with some perforates on tube wall.
CN2013100245860A 2013-01-23 2013-01-23 Kitchen waste collecting and separating device Pending CN103084375A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013100245860A CN103084375A (en) 2013-01-23 2013-01-23 Kitchen waste collecting and separating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013100245860A CN103084375A (en) 2013-01-23 2013-01-23 Kitchen waste collecting and separating device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103084375A true CN103084375A (en) 2013-05-08

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2013100245860A Pending CN103084375A (en) 2013-01-23 2013-01-23 Kitchen waste collecting and separating device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103084375A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104607442A (en) * 2015-02-05 2015-05-13 宁波德坤工业设计有限公司 Three-phase separation integrated machine for kitchen waste
CN109078956A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-25 安徽华瑞医药技术开发有限公司 A kind of waste material recovery device of the agricultural byproducts processing convenient for discharging
CN109095032A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-28 陈健 Classified-refuse recovery system

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20010067534A (en) * 2001-02-07 2001-07-13 임정남 the food garbage Pre-disposal system
JP4066425B2 (en) * 2003-03-31 2008-03-26 タマティーエルオー株式会社 Organic matter treatment equipment using solid-liquid two-phase circulation method
CN101224999A (en) * 2008-01-16 2008-07-23 宝林 Anaerobic digestion handling method for restaurant garbage
CN101632996A (en) * 2009-05-31 2010-01-27 北京嘉博文生物科技有限公司 Kitchen waste preprocessing technology
CN102327890A (en) * 2011-09-19 2012-01-25 东莞市康达机电工程有限公司 Restaurant-kitchen garbage sorting system
CN102500593A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-06-20 江苏大学 Household kitchen waste disposer
KR20120114758A (en) * 2011-04-08 2012-10-17 전기헌 Organic waste disposal system
CN202667237U (en) * 2012-06-10 2013-01-16 无锡赛雅环保科技有限公司 Organic waste treatment system

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20010067534A (en) * 2001-02-07 2001-07-13 임정남 the food garbage Pre-disposal system
JP4066425B2 (en) * 2003-03-31 2008-03-26 タマティーエルオー株式会社 Organic matter treatment equipment using solid-liquid two-phase circulation method
CN101224999A (en) * 2008-01-16 2008-07-23 宝林 Anaerobic digestion handling method for restaurant garbage
CN101632996A (en) * 2009-05-31 2010-01-27 北京嘉博文生物科技有限公司 Kitchen waste preprocessing technology
KR20120114758A (en) * 2011-04-08 2012-10-17 전기헌 Organic waste disposal system
CN102327890A (en) * 2011-09-19 2012-01-25 东莞市康达机电工程有限公司 Restaurant-kitchen garbage sorting system
CN102500593A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-06-20 江苏大学 Household kitchen waste disposer
CN202667237U (en) * 2012-06-10 2013-01-16 无锡赛雅环保科技有限公司 Organic waste treatment system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104607442A (en) * 2015-02-05 2015-05-13 宁波德坤工业设计有限公司 Three-phase separation integrated machine for kitchen waste
CN104607442B (en) * 2015-02-05 2016-08-24 宁波德坤工业设计有限公司 A kind of changing food waste three phase separation all-in-one
CN109078956A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-25 安徽华瑞医药技术开发有限公司 A kind of waste material recovery device of the agricultural byproducts processing convenient for discharging
CN109095032A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-28 陈健 Classified-refuse recovery system

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Application publication date: 20130508

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)