CN103081689A - Vegetation recovery method for water front hard protection slope - Google Patents

Vegetation recovery method for water front hard protection slope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103081689A
CN103081689A CN2013100357086A CN201310035708A CN103081689A CN 103081689 A CN103081689 A CN 103081689A CN 2013100357086 A CN2013100357086 A CN 2013100357086A CN 201310035708 A CN201310035708 A CN 201310035708A CN 103081689 A CN103081689 A CN 103081689A
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plant
water
planting
plants
zone
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CN103081689B (en
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昝启杰
韦萍萍
程华荣
黄嫦娥
程红星
毛礼
周海旋
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SHENZHEN GREENJIUZHOU LANDSCAPING CO., LTD.
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SHENZHEN DONGHUA LANDSCAPING CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a vegetation recovery method for a water front hard protection slope. The method comprises the following steps of A. digging holes in the hard protection slope and making planting holes; planting plants in a discontinuous hard protection slope removing mode; B. screening and planting plant species growing in water-land transition zones; C. planting plants in a nursery stock plantation and seeding mode, wherein plant spacing of the plants is 90% of the sum of radiuses of adjacent plant crown widths; D. nurturing nursery stocks. According to the vegetation recovery method for the water front hard protection slope, through making planting holes, namely the discontinuous hard protection slope removing mode, original protection slope stability is maintained, suitable growing environment for plants is added, and interference and influence on the riverbank ecology system by dismounting and reconstruction and other large-scale engineering can be avoided.

Description

The method for recovering vegetation of a kind of waterside hardening bank protection
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of vegetation implantation methods on the bank protection of hardening riverbank, especially a kind of Hekou Area or strand Hekou Area, the vegetation implantation methods of degree of saltiness water blending hardening riverbank, area bank protection.
Background technology
The waterfront bank protection as the zone of transition of aquatic ecosystem and terrestrial ecosystem, is the important place that two large system materials, energy and living resources exchange.The water body caused environmental change of rising that disappears, can for animal and plant even microorganism many distinctive habitats are provided.Studies show that, in Riparian Zone, animal and plant kind quantity will be apparently higher than other ecosystems, a lot of arthropodss and belong to the riverbank kind without arthropods.In England, have in the discovery riverbank district vegetation such as De Graaf and surpass reptile and the amphibian of 2000 kinds, quantity is much abundanter than the forest of the same race away from the riverbank.At U.S.'s the Pacific Northwest bank, Riparian vegetation is the key factor that determines birds interspecies competition and structure.
Most water front in the world at present, primary riverbank buffer strip is destroyed, and the riverbank plant is cut down even and is removed, and water channel, dam are accomplished in a lot of basins.Especially in city river is built, people pay attention to the basic function of river flood control, water drainage, shipping, irrigation, the problems such as main consideration river channel erosion, water and soil conservation, adopt grouts or the hard structures such as placed rockfill shore protection, cast-in-place concrete shore protection, precast concrete block shore protection and geotechnical fabric bag concrete revetment more.The waterproof hardening bank protection structure that this class river cross-section form is single, not only make the riverbank plant be difficult to grow on domatic, the waterfront animal has lost suitable living environment, material recycle and the energy flow of the land and water ecosystem have also been intercepted, affect the self-purification capacity in river course, the ecological effect of ignoring the river has been destroyed the natural, ecological function in river.
Along with the intensification day by day that people pay close attention to the river channel ecology function, the method for many reparation tradition river course slope protections is suggested, and wherein uses to such an extent that be the most namely to rebuild ecology typed bank revetment.Ecological revetment comprises the forms such as slope vegetation protection, soil solidification, vegetation reinforcement bank protection, gabion box retaining wall, greening concrete protective slope.The reconstruction of each ecology typed bank revetment all must be carried out under the prerequisite of removing the mixed earth shore protection of original tradition, and economic input and Engineering Disturbance are all larger.The technological means of directly carrying out planting at hardening slope body mainly contains climbs rattan plantation and alien earth sparging etc., and said method effect on view recovers is better, but less to the contribution of riverbank especially riverbank, strand natural, ecological functional rehabilitation.Plantation is climbed rattan and easily caused the riverbank Vegetation community single, and it is high to climb the rattan cover degree, and is unfavorable to relying on the waterfront animal that water body swelling and subsiding zone rests.Alien earth sparging is the structure that has increased the imitative nature of one deck on original hardening riverbank, still can not realize the communication of the land and water ecosystem.At present, in the strand, the aspect such as the plant community of the area hardening bank protection such as river course, lake bank and habitat recovery still requires further study, will be from ecosystem structures and function, grasp the interaction between each key element of the ecosystem, propose to respect land and water ecotone natural quality, meet the restorative procedure of water body swelling and subsiding zone self-regeneration principle.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome above-mentioned prior art deficiency, the invention provides the method for recovering vegetation of a kind of waterfront hardening bank protection, comprise the following steps:
Steps A holes on the hardening bank protection, makes kind of a plant hole; Adopt noncontinuity to remove the mode planting plants of hardening bank protection;
Step B screens and plants land and water zone of transition growing plants kind;
Step C adopts the mode planting plants of nursery stock plantation and planting seed, and the spacing in the rows of plant is 90% of adjacent plant hat width radius sum;
Step D fosters nursery stock.
Wherein, it is domatic that " noncontinuity dismounting " refers to remove at a certain distance a certain size hardening, according to plant characteristics involved in the present invention, namely hole domatic dismounting of hardening, make kind of a plant hole, wherein, the spacing of removing that holes is 500mm-2500mm, the aperture of planting plant hole is 50mm-100mm, and the degree of depth that holes is with till reaching the loam soil layer.
The present invention adopts above technical scheme, its advantage is, use artificial means to get through the passage that land and water is linked up on the hardening bank protection, in exposing the passage of soil according to the distance of distance water body distance, plant suitable plant species, build dissimilar vegetation microhabitat, thereby recover view and the ecological functions of waterfront bank protection.The present invention need not the mixed earth shore protection of overall pulling down hardening, and cost drops into less, and can not cause larger disturbance to the bank protection environment.Adopt the mode of nursery stock plantation and planting seed to carry out the recovery of different types vegetation, spacing in the rows is 90% of adjacent plant hat width radius sum, in order to guarantee 10% canopy ecotone.
Preferably, select at least a in white popinac, Chinese tamarisk, Xu Shu, Aegiceras corniculatum, autumn eggplant, the yellow rose of Sharon, cyperus malaccensis, Taiwan speedwell, Bermuda grass, paspalum vaginatum, reed, Li Shi standing grain, large broomcorn millet, class reed in step B.
Plant of the present invention is the kind that occurs in the natural deduction of restoring area vegetation, meets the principle of himself recovering.Wherein adjacent plant refers to: swelling and subsiding zone zone Aegiceras corniculatum and the autumn eggplant of the same race or not of the same race between be adjacent plant, be adjacent plant between Li Shi standing grain, cyperus malaccensis, paspalum vaginatum of the same race or not of the same race, reed, Xu Shu are adopted as single plantation of planting, without adjacent plant; Be adjacent plant between the above regional yellow rose of Sharon of swelling and subsiding zone, Chinese tamarisk, white popinac of the same race or not of the same race, is adjacent plantation between broomcorn millet and class reed of the same race or not of the same race greatly, and Bermuda grass and Taiwan speedwell are alternate plantation, are adjacent plant.
Preferably, in described A step, the cutting scope of shrub and arbor kind plant hole is regional higher than the hardening bank protection of average sea high-water mark or river course, strand river water level in dry season line or lake dry season water level line.
The present invention further adopts above technical characterictic, and its advantage is, the cutting scope of planting plant hole be regional higher than the hardening bank protection more than more than the high-water mark 1000mm of ocean or river course, strand river water level in dry season line 1000mm.The breeding scheme of zone of transition growing plants kind is for higher than ocean high-water mark 2000mm and above or be the shrub planting range higher than 2000mm and above scope on river course, strand river water level in dry season line, and herbaceous plant can be dug in scope at all and all can be planted.
Preferably, in described B step, vegetation configuration is divided into two parts: the water body swelling and subsiding zone zone is Li Shi standing grain, cyperus malaccensis, paspalum vaginatum, reed, Aegiceras corniculatum, autumn eggplant and Xu Shuzhong at least a; The above zone of swelling and subsiding zone is Taiwan speedwell, Bermuda grass, at least a in broomcorn millet, class reed, Chinese tamarisk, white popinac and the yellow rose of Sharon greatly.
Wherein, " more than swelling and subsiding zone " floods regional line or ocean high-water mark above zone when referring to the river course high water level, comprise water logging less than the bank protection zone and apart from the top, slope 3 meters with interior land area.
Preferably, in described C step, large broomcorn millet, class reed, Taiwan speedwell, Bermuda grass adopt the seeding method plantation, and each plantation bunch planting kind is no less than 10 seeds.
Preferably, in the plant of described C step plantation, the arbor sapling highly is no more than 1000mm, and shrub seedling is no more than 500mm, and draft is no more than 200mm.
Preferably, described kind of plant hole is plum blossom-shaped to be arranged, and settings of staggering between adjacent row is corresponding and be arranged in parallel between odd number is arranged or between even rows.
The present invention further adopts above technical characterictic, and its advantage is, plants plant hole and is the distance that plum blossom-shaped is arranged can be increased between vertical kind of plant hole like this, thereby further reduce the impact on original slope stability.
Preferably, in described D step maintenance early stage, all draft kind plant holes outsides is wound around pvc pipe, pvc pipe be readily removable except and do not damage the device mode of plant, protect.
The present invention further adopts above technical characterictic, and its advantage is, reduces stormy waves to the impact of plant and seed.
Preferably, planting the matrix soil of filling in plant hole in described C step is the mixture of soil, detritus soil and N, P, the K composite fertilizer of 65:35:1 for weight ratio, and wherein, the ratio of N, P, K composite fertilizer is roughly 1:1:1.
Preferably, the 3-6 of described D step middle and later periods maintenance is in the month, and soil moisture keeps being not less than 20%, and the leaf renewal of branching out adopts the liquid fertilization mode to append nitrogen nutriment.
Technique effect of the present invention is:
1. the present invention plants by manufacturing the mode that this noncontinuity in cave is removed the hardening bank protection, has increased the plant suitable habitat of giving birth to after firm keeping original bank protection, has avoided the heavy constructions such as dismounting and reconstruction on interference and the impact of riparian ecosystem.
2. plant species used in the present invention is area, local riverbank Common Species, meets the natural law of riverbank succession of plant, to the plant community safety of this locality.
3. the present invention improves the survival rate of plant by the dismountable pvc pipe protection of initial planting and the strategy that topdresses of different times.
4. the present invention falls behind in groups in the vegetal inspired that adopts, and structure is abundant, can better keep the stable of plant community, also can satisfy the vegetation Habitat requirement of dissimilar animal, tidewater fluctuation band stay white also more the strand aquatic bird provide be fit to rest ground.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 plants the structural representation that plant hole is arranged in the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of an embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, more excellent embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail:
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, plant plant hole 1 and be the plum blossom-shaped arrangement.Can increase like this distance between vertical kind of plant hole, thereby further reduce the impact on original slope stability.In kind of plant hole 1, settings of staggering between adjacent row, corresponding and be arranged in parallel between odd number is arranged or between even rows.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 2, steps A holes on hardening bank protection 5, makes kind of a plant hole 1; Adopt noncontinuity to remove the mode planting plants 4 of hardening bank protection 5;
Step B screens and plants land and water zone of transition growing plants kind 2;
Step C adopts the mode planting plants of nursery stock plantation and planting seed;
Step D. protects kind of plant hole 1 outside winding pvc pipe 3, and pvc pipe 3 can be removed.
Embodiment 3
Hardening riverbank, the thing both sides bank protection of choosing estuary 200 meters sections to the inland, Bay in Shenzhen Feng Tang river is transformation sample ground.The riverbank, east side is blocked by tributary, Feng Tang river and is two sections of coastal waters end and nearly Lu Duan.Coastal waters end bank protection is because the sea wind invasion and attack of bearing are stronger, and design adopts the small-sized draft of plantation to carry out again green to this section bank protection.At first connect the gap and strengthen hole changing the mixed earth of section along horizontal transverse direction, the Taiwan speedwell seed of sowing grass seeds by duster in exposing the gap of soil subsequently, seedling grow and rear growing way relatively poor location are filled spray, and need not late maintaining.After two growth seasons, the speedwell of this section grows fine, and the vegetation coverage of multiple green scope reaches 70%.The nearly Lu Duan in east side and riverbank, west side adopt the method for digging kind of plant hole to carry out the recovery of riverbank vegetation, plant height is no more than the arbor sapling of 1 meter and is planted higher than high-water mark in the kind plant hole more than 2 meters, and the kind plant holes on high-water mark in 2 meters scopes are planted large broomcorn millet, class reed by the mode of sowing.After fostering a growth season, arbor kind silk tree is that similar plant species growth is best, and survival rate is near 80%; The growing way of large broomcorn millet is also better, and survival rate is more than 85%.After two growth seasons, the vegetation cover degree on hardening riverbank, river reaches more than 80%, and the plant species growth beyond design is arranged in the kind plant hole that target species do not survive, and the plant species number in sample ground is over 10 kinds.
Above content is in conjunction with concrete preferred embodiment further description made for the present invention, can not assert that concrete enforcement of the present invention is confined to these explanations.For the general technical staff of the technical field of the invention, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, can also make some simple deduction or replace, all should be considered as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the method for recovering vegetation of a waterfront hardening bank protection, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
Steps A holes on the hardening bank protection, makes kind of a plant hole; Adopt noncontinuity to remove the mode planting plants of hardening bank protection;
Step B screens and plants land and water zone of transition growing plants kind;
Step C adopts the mode planting plants of nursery stock plantation and planting seed, and the spacing in the rows of plant is 90% of adjacent plant hat width radius sum;
Step D. fosters nursery stock.
2. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, selects at least a in white popinac, Chinese tamarisk, Xu Shu, Aegiceras corniculatum, autumn eggplant, the yellow rose of Sharon, cyperus malaccensis, Taiwan speedwell, Bermuda grass, paspalum vaginatum, reed, Li Shi standing grain, large broomcorn millet, class reed in step B.
3. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, in described A step, the cutting scope of shrub and arbor kind plant hole is the hardening bank protection zone higher than average sea high-water mark or river course, strand river water level in dry season line or lake dry season water level line.
4. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, in described B step, vegetation configuration is divided into two parts: the water body swelling and subsiding zone zone is Li Shi standing grain, cyperus malaccensis, paspalum vaginatum, reed, Aegiceras corniculatum, autumn eggplant and Xu Shuzhong at least a; The above zone of swelling and subsiding zone is Taiwan speedwell, Bermuda grass, at least a in broomcorn millet, class reed, Chinese tamarisk, white popinac and the yellow rose of Sharon greatly.
5. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, in described C step, large broomcorn millet, class reed, Taiwan speedwell, Bermuda grass adopt the seeding method plantation, and each plantation bunch planting kind is no less than 10 seeds.
6. method as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that, in the plant of described C step plantation, the arbor sapling highly is no more than 1000mm, and shrub seedling is no more than 500mm, and draft is no more than 200mm.
7. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, plants plant hole and be the plum blossom-shaped arrangement.
8. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, in described D step maintenance early stage, all draft kind plant holes outsides is wound around pvc pipes protects.
9. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, planting the matrix soil of filling in plant hole in described C step is the mixture of soil, detritus soil and N, P, the K composite fertilizer of 65:35:1 for weight ratio.
10. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, the 3-6 of described D step middle and later periods maintenance is in the month, and soil moisture keeps being not less than 20%, and the leaf renewal of branching out adopts the liquid fertilization mode to append nitrogen nutriment.
CN201310035708.6A 2013-01-30 2013-01-30 Vegetation recovery method for water front hard protection slope Active CN103081689B (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104074198A (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-10-01 王光军 Efficient vegetation-restoration rocky slope technology for greening holes
CN104081924A (en) * 2014-05-19 2014-10-08 华南农业大学 Scientific fertilizing method of Neyraudia reynaudiana
CN105594408A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-05-25 吉林建筑大学 Method for improving reproductive capacity of Chloris virgata by applying nitrogenous fertilizer
CN106922344A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-07-07 广西壮族自治区海洋研究院 In the method that the short leaf cyperus malaccensis of tide wetland application carries out restoration of the ecosystem
CN108848734A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-11-23 水利部交通运输部国家能源局南京水利科学研究院 A kind of plant web frame ecology shield beach method
CN110512562A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-11-29 花王生态工程股份有限公司 A kind of river corridor restoration construction method

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104081924A (en) * 2014-05-19 2014-10-08 华南农业大学 Scientific fertilizing method of Neyraudia reynaudiana
CN104081924B (en) * 2014-05-19 2016-01-06 华南农业大学 The method that applies fertilizers scientifically of one kind reed
CN104074198A (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-10-01 王光军 Efficient vegetation-restoration rocky slope technology for greening holes
CN105594408A (en) * 2015-11-05 2016-05-25 吉林建筑大学 Method for improving reproductive capacity of Chloris virgata by applying nitrogenous fertilizer
CN106922344A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-07-07 广西壮族自治区海洋研究院 In the method that the short leaf cyperus malaccensis of tide wetland application carries out restoration of the ecosystem
CN108848734A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-11-23 水利部交通运输部国家能源局南京水利科学研究院 A kind of plant web frame ecology shield beach method
CN110512562A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-11-29 花王生态工程股份有限公司 A kind of river corridor restoration construction method

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