CN103075847A - Terminal refrigeration system with refrigerant pump and data center terminal refrigeration system - Google Patents

Terminal refrigeration system with refrigerant pump and data center terminal refrigeration system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103075847A
CN103075847A CN2013100174691A CN201310017469A CN103075847A CN 103075847 A CN103075847 A CN 103075847A CN 2013100174691 A CN2013100174691 A CN 2013100174691A CN 201310017469 A CN201310017469 A CN 201310017469A CN 103075847 A CN103075847 A CN 103075847A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
refrigeration
refrigerant
terminal
terminal refrigeration
cold
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CN2013100174691A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
葛海方
王维龙
朱利伟
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深圳睿立方智能科技有限公司
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Priority to CN2013100174691A priority Critical patent/CN103075847A/en
Publication of CN103075847A publication Critical patent/CN103075847A/en

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Abstract

The invention is applicable to the field of refrigeration and provides a terminal refrigeration system with a refrigerant pump. The terminal refrigeration system with the refrigerant pump is characterized in that the terminal refrigeration system comprises a plurality of scattered terminal refrigeration units, a refrigeration distribution unit, a refrigerant pipeline, a refrigerant inlet and a refrigerant outlet, wherein the refrigeration distribution unit is connected with the terminal refrigeration units through the refrigerant pipeline, the refrigeration distribution unit is used for providing circulating power and circulating refrigerant for the terminal refrigeration system, and the terminal refrigeration units are used for realizing direct heat exchange between refrigerant and air; and the refrigerant inlet and the refrigerant outlet are connected with the refrigeration distribution unit and are used for providing a cold source to the refrigeration distribution unit. The terminal refrigeration system has the advantages the refrigeration distribution unit and the terminal refrigeration units can be flexibly deployed in a data center machine room and the online expansion is facilitated; and by adopting a near-heat-source refrigeration method, the consumed power for delivering cold air in long distance when a large-space air delivery method is adopted is saved and the energy consumption is reduced.

Description

Terminal refrigeration system and data center's terminal refrigeration system with refrigerated medium pump

Technical field

The invention belongs to refrigeration technology field, relate in particular to terminal refrigeration system and data center's terminal refrigeration system with refrigerated medium pump.

Background technology

Compressor is the source of whole circulation powers of air-conditioning system in traditional air-conditioning refrigeration system, compressor is drawn the refrigerant vapour from evaporimeter low-temp low-pressure out in the systemic circulation process, with the high temperature after the supercharging, high pressure refrigerant vapor discharged to condenser.In the condenser the inside, the refrigerant vapour of HTHP obtains fully cooling, finally becomes all relatively low liquid refrigerants of temperature and pressure.Finally becoming low temperature, low pressure liquid state from condenser the inside liquid refrigerant out through after the throttling of throttle mechanism, and finally get back to evaporimeter and enter again evaporation, also take away heat in the time of evaporation, thereby realized a complete vaporation cooling refrigeration circulation.

In above-mentioned traditional evaporative cooling process, compressor provides unique circulation power for whole circulation, drives cold-producing medium again and again circulation in whole system, and compressor is the heart of traditional air-conditioning system.

Now data center's thermic load and power density and day sharp increase, the single chassis heat dissipation capacity is increasing, and the large space air-supply refrigeration modes of traditional air conditioner in machine room has been very difficult to adapt to the cooling requirement of present data center.The middle-size and small-size compressor refrigeration system of traditional distributing seems unable to do what one wishes in the face of the new variation in the available data and new demand the time, have a series of problem:

1, the relative distance between the indoor unit and outdoor unit of traditional air-cooled air conditioner in machine room and the restriction of installation relative fall affect the deployment of solutions for refrigeration;

2, the stability of traditional middle-size and small-size air conditioner in machine room and reliability are difficult problems of industry always, up to the present fail to obtain good solution, when there was numerous middle-size and small-size air conditioner in machine room units the machine room the inside, it was safeguarded, maintenance work also needs quite huge cost payout simultaneously;

3, along with the increase of machine room power density, the space in the data center is tied up by increasing air conditioner in machine room, and the electrisity consumption of air conditioner in machine room also becomes surprising;

4, the conventional data centers cooling scheme build and deployment aspect the cycle oversize, and the poor efficiency of the large space air-supply type of cooling also becomes more and more and denounces.

The data center's cooling scheme that some near-thermal source refrigeration occurred has in recent years also occurred using large-scale handpiece Water Chilling Units to replace the trend of the distributing compression refrigeration of conventional data centers simultaneously.The efficient of large-scale handpiece Water Chilling Units and refrigerating capacity have larger advantage comparatively speaking, but use chilled water also to bring the hidden danger of water to data center as low-temperature receiver, and this also is the secret worry that water cooling air conditioning system exists always.Simultaneously, the water cooling air conditioning system utilization of adding the near-thermal source type of cooling still can not be satisfied the demand of the more and more higher power density of modern data center.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of terminal refrigeration system with refrigerated medium pump and data center's terminal refrigeration system, is intended to improve heat exchange efficiency and the exchange capability of heat of terminal system.

The present invention is achieved in that a kind of terminal refrigeration system with refrigerated medium pump, comprises terminal refrigeration unit, refrigeration allocation units, refrigerant line, refrigerant import, the refrigerant outlet of some dispersions;

Described refrigeration allocation units link to each other with described terminal refrigeration unit by refrigerant line, described refrigeration allocation units are used to described terminal refrigeration system that circulation power and refrigerant circulation are provided, and described terminal refrigeration unit is used for realizing carrying out between cold-producing medium and the air direct heat exchange;

Described refrigerant import links to each other with described refrigeration allocation units with described refrigerant outlet, is used for providing low-temperature receiver to described refrigeration allocation units.

Further, described refrigerant line comprises cold-producing medium tracheae and the refrigerant liquid pipe that is connected in respectively described terminal refrigeration unit two ends.

Further, described refrigeration allocation units comprise that plate changes, reservoir, refrigerated medium pump;

Described refrigerant import and refrigerant outlet are located at described plate and are changed, described plate changes has a liquid outlet that links to each other with described refrigerated medium pump with described reservoir simultaneously, also has first a cold-producing medium port that links to each other with described cold-producing medium tracheae, be used for cooling from gaseous state or the gas-liquid mixed agent of the afterwards heating of machine room absorbed inside heat, and the low-temperature refrigerant liquid after the cooling is transported to described reservoir;

Described reservoir is used for receiving and storage is changed cooling low-temperature refrigerant liquid afterwards via described plate;

Described refrigerated medium pump has the second refrigerant port that links to each other with described refrigerant liquid pipe, is used for providing low-temperature refrigerant liquid-circulating power.

Further, described terminal refrigeration unit comprises blower fan and heat exchanger, is used for the heat exchange between realization cold-producing medium and the air.

Further, the front end of described terminal refrigeration unit is installed a constant flow control valve, is used for the head piece size according to pressure reduction adjusting before and after self self.

Further, described refrigerated medium pump is a totally enclosed cold-producing medium delivery pump.

The refrigerant of further, described refrigerant import, the outlet of described refrigerant is chilled water.

The refrigerant of further, described refrigerant import, the outlet of described refrigerant is the cooling fluid of nature cooling or is the cooling fluid of naturally cooling and the combination of chilled water.

The present invention also provides a kind of data center terminal refrigeration system, comprises as above arbitrary described terminal refrigeration system, and described terminal refrigeration unit is close to the server rack of data center.

The present invention compared with prior art, beneficial effect is:

1, expanded deployment way and the flexibility of traditional air conditioner in machine room refrigeration modes, the worry that the factors such as the high drop of traditional air conditioner in machine room, oil return design, long connecting leg are brought has been saved in the deployment of system of the present invention;

2, the terminal refrigeration unit adopts the method that cold-producing medium directly evaporates swell refrigeration, cold-producing medium utilizes its latent heat heat exchange to absorb machine room heat, and common chilled water air-conditioning utilizes the sensible heat transfer absorbing heat, therefore heat exchange efficiency and the exchange capability of heat of terminal refrigeration system of the present invention all are greatly improved, and will be conducive to tackle the demand that data center's high heat flux uses;

3, the near-thermal source refrigeration modes that adopts has saved the wasted work of the required remote conveying cold wind of paying of large space air supply mode, energy efficient;

4, terminal refrigeration system of the present invention can realize that focus accurately freezes, freezes as required, has cleared away the harm of hot localised points to the data center;

5, than traditional air conditioner in machine room refrigeration modes, terminal refrigeration system of the present invention has good stability, and maintenance workload reduces greatly, thereby cuts operating costs;

6, terminal refrigeration system of the present invention can be disposed refrigeration allocation units and terminal refrigeration unit neatly in data center machine room, and can expand online easily.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of terminal refrigeration system of the present invention.

The specific embodiment

In order to make purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.

As shown in Figure 1, a kind of terminal refrigeration system with refrigerated medium pump, the terminal refrigeration unit 1 that comprises some dispersions, the quantity of wherein said terminal refrigeration unit 1 can dispose flexibly according to the actual requirements, freeze allocation units 2, refrigerant line, refrigerant import 6, refrigerant outlet 7; Described refrigeration allocation units 2 link to each other with described terminal refrigeration unit 1 by refrigerant line, described refrigeration allocation units 2 are used to described terminal refrigeration system that circulation power and refrigerant circulation are provided, described terminal refrigeration unit 1 is used for realizing carrying out between cold-producing medium and the air direct heat exchange, in terminal refrigeration unit 1, the refrigerant liquid of low temperature and air carry out heat exchange, low-temperature refrigerant undergoes phase transition owing to having absorbed amount of heat in this process, namely direct evaporation latent heat heat transfer process.Adopt the sensible heat transfer that does not have phase transition process than common chilled water end system, the latent heat heat transfer process can provide higher heat exchange efficiency and larger heat exchange amount.Described refrigerant import links to each other with described refrigeration allocation units with described refrigerant outlet, is used for providing low-temperature receiver to described refrigeration allocation units.

Combine with above-described embodiment, described refrigerant line comprises: cold-producing medium tracheae 9 and refrigerant liquid pipe 8, described refrigerant liquid pipe 8 be connected cold-producing medium tracheae 9 and connect respectively described terminal refrigeration unit two ends.

Combine with above-described embodiment, described refrigeration allocation units 2 comprise: it is plate type heat exchanger that plate changes 3(), reservoir 4, refrigerated medium pump 5.Described refrigerant import 6 and described refrigerant outlet 7 are located at described plate and are changed on 3, described plate changes 3 and has a liquid outlet that links to each other with described refrigerated medium pump 5 with described reservoir 4 simultaneously, also has first a cold-producing medium port that links to each other with described cold-producing medium tracheae 9, be used for cooling from gaseous state or the gas-liquid mixed agent of the afterwards heating of machine room absorbed inside heat, and the low-temperature refrigerant liquid after the cooling is transported to described reservoir 4.Described reservoir 4 receives and stores via plate and changes 3 coolings low-temperature refrigerant liquid afterwards.Described refrigerated medium pump 5 has the second refrigerant port that links to each other with described refrigerant liquid pipe 8, be used for providing low-temperature refrigerant liquid-circulating power, being transported to each described terminal refrigeration unit 1 by described refrigerant liquid pipe 8 after the low-temperature refrigerant liquid supercharging of described reservoir 4 the insides.

Combine with the various embodiments described above, described terminal refrigeration unit 1 comprises blower fan and heat exchanger, is used for the heat exchange between realization cold-producing medium and the air.Described terminal refrigeration unit 1 general realistic device rack is disposed, and can save like this wasted work of the required remote conveying cold wind of paying of large space air supply mode, energy efficient; Certainly also can dispose without the realistic device according to actual needs.

Combine with the various embodiments described above, for guaranteeing that each described terminal refrigeration unit 1 obtains equably cold-producing medium and distributes, front end at described terminal refrigeration unit 1 is installed a constant flow control valve, and described constant flow control valve is regulated the head piece size of self according to pressure reduction before and after self.Head piece diminishes when pressure reduction is larger, and head piece is larger when pressure reduction is less, thereby guarantees that each terminal refrigeration unit 1 obtains uniform flow distribution of refrigerant.

Combine with the various embodiments described above, described refrigerated medium pump 5 is the cold-producing medium delivery pumps that totally enclosed net positive suction head is lower, and according to the field conduct experience, net positive suction head is preferably lower than 1.5 meters.The refrigerated medium pump of refrigerant conveying requires not cause easily the mechanical seal of leaking, and preferred, the motor of described refrigerated medium pump and the pump housing are taked totally-enclosed design.Because liquid refrigerant is a kind of liquid that is easier to evaporate, so needing to use the as far as possible little pump of suction pressure loss in course of conveying carries, should use exactly in short NPSH(NPSH to represent net positive suction head, be design parameter of pump itself) lower pump.Can prevent refrigrant leakage like this, and guarantee that cold-producing medium successfully is delivered to each terminal refrigeration unit 1.Consider the factor of environmental protection aspect, the present invention is R134a(CH 2 FCF 3, HFC-134a at the cold-producing medium of described refrigeration allocation units 2 and the circulation of terminal refrigeration unit 1 the inside), the used cold-producing medium of the present invention also can be replaced with other cold-producing mediums commonly used, such as R22(CHClF2, monochlorodifluoromethane), R410a, perhaps R407c etc.Described terminal refrigeration unit 1 adopts the directly method of evaporation swell refrigeration, and cold-producing medium utilizes its latent heat heat exchange to absorb the heat of machine room.Low-temperature refrigerant becomes the cold-producing medium of gaseous state or gas-liquid mixed attitude after the heat of terminal refrigeration unit 1 interior abundant absorption machine room inside, and then the cold-producing medium of these gaseous states or gas-liquid mixed attitude is collected and is transported to plate and changes in 3, and then changed chilled water cooling in 3 by plate, finally get back to the circulation that enters in the reservoir 4 next time.

Combine with the various embodiments described above, a kind of embodiment is, the refrigerant of described refrigerant import 6, described refrigerant outlet 7 is chilled water, and described chilled water generally derives from large-scale refrigerating water sets.

Combine with the various embodiments described above, another kind of embodiment is, consideration for energy-conservation aspect, the refrigerant of described refrigerant import 6, described refrigerant outlet 7 is (Free-Cooling) cooling fluid of nature cooling, the described naturally cooling fluid of cooling can be the refrigerating medium that a kind of and outdoor natural cooling source carried out heat exchange, such as, described refrigerating medium can be water, ethylene glycol solution or cold-producing medium etc.Or can in same set of terminal refrigeration system, both provide chilled water, and the cooling fluid of nature cooling is provided again, so just formed a kind of system of mixing the cooling form.Terminal refrigeration system of the present invention also can work in this case.

Combine with the various embodiments described above, a kind of data center terminal refrigeration system comprises aforesaid each described terminal refrigeration system, and described terminal refrigeration unit 1 is close to the server rack of data center.Can save like this wasted work of the required remote conveying cold wind of paying of large space air supply mode, energy efficient has also solved the series of problems that the high drop of traditional air conditioner in machine room, oil return design and long connecting leg etc. bring simultaneously.

The above only is preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limiting the present invention, all any modifications of doing within the spirit and principles in the present invention, is equal to and replaces and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the terminal refrigeration system with refrigerated medium pump is characterized in that, comprising: the terminal refrigeration unit of some dispersions, refrigeration allocation units, refrigerant line, refrigerant import, refrigerant outlet;
Described refrigeration allocation units link to each other with described terminal refrigeration unit by refrigerant line, described refrigeration allocation units are used to described terminal refrigeration system that circulation power and refrigerant circulation are provided, and described terminal refrigeration unit is used for realizing carrying out between cold-producing medium and the air direct heat exchange;
Described refrigerant import links to each other with described refrigeration allocation units with described refrigerant outlet, is used for providing low-temperature receiver to described refrigeration allocation units.
2. terminal refrigeration system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described refrigerant line comprises: the cold-producing medium tracheae and the refrigerant liquid pipe that are connected in respectively described terminal refrigeration unit two ends.
3. terminal refrigeration system according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described refrigeration allocation units comprise: plate changes, reservoir, refrigerated medium pump;
Described refrigerant import and refrigerant outlet are located at described plate and are changed, described plate changes has a liquid outlet that links to each other with described refrigerated medium pump with described reservoir simultaneously, also has first a cold-producing medium port that links to each other with described cold-producing medium tracheae, be used for cooling from gaseous state or the gas-liquid mixed agent of the afterwards heating of machine room absorbed inside heat, and the low-temperature refrigerant liquid after the cooling is transported to described reservoir;
Described reservoir is used for receiving and storage is changed cooling low-temperature refrigerant liquid afterwards via described plate;
Described refrigerated medium pump has the second refrigerant port that links to each other with described refrigerant liquid pipe, is used for providing low-temperature refrigerant liquid-circulating power.
4. terminal refrigeration system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described terminal refrigeration unit comprises blower fan and heat exchanger, is used for the heat exchange between realization cold-producing medium and the air.
5. terminal refrigeration system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the front end of described terminal refrigeration unit is installed a constant flow control valve, is used for the head piece size according to pressure reduction adjusting before and after self self.
6. terminal refrigeration system according to claim 3 is characterized in that, described refrigerated medium pump is totally enclosed cold-producing medium delivery pump.
7. terminal refrigeration system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the refrigerant of described refrigerant import, the outlet of described refrigerant is chilled water.
8. terminal refrigeration system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the refrigerant of described refrigerant import, the outlet of described refrigerant is the cooling fluid of nature cooling or is the cooling fluid of naturally cooling and the combination of chilled water.
9. data center's terminal refrigeration system is characterized in that, comprises that described terminal refrigeration unit is close to the server rack of data center such as each described terminal refrigeration system of claim 1 to 8.
CN2013100174691A 2013-01-17 2013-01-17 Terminal refrigeration system with refrigerant pump and data center terminal refrigeration system CN103075847A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104764291A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-07-08 西安理华节能技术有限公司 Two-phase liquid cooling system
CN105135549A (en) * 2015-09-11 2015-12-09 深圳市共济科技有限公司 Landed type multi-connection precise air conditioner with natural cooling function
CN105784141A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-07-20 龙文凯 Skid-proof temperature monitoring device for electrical devices
CN105806500A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-07-27 龙文凯 Electrical equipment temperature monitoring device convenient to maintain
CN105806499A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-07-27 龙文凯 Low-noise temperature monitoring device of electrical equipment
CN106017728A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-10-12 龙文凯 Electrical equipment temperature monitoring device

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CN102625643A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-08-01 合肥通用制冷设备有限公司 Data center cooling system and method
JP2012199300A (en) * 2011-03-18 2012-10-18 Shimizu Corp Unit type data center
US20120324930A1 (en) * 2003-12-05 2012-12-27 Liebert Corporation Cooling system for high density heat load
CN203036917U (en) * 2013-01-17 2013-07-03 深圳睿立方智能科技有限公司 Terminal refrigerating system provided with refrigerant pump and data center terminal refrigerating system

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120324930A1 (en) * 2003-12-05 2012-12-27 Liebert Corporation Cooling system for high density heat load
WO2011003692A1 (en) * 2009-07-09 2011-01-13 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Cooling apparatus
JP2012199300A (en) * 2011-03-18 2012-10-18 Shimizu Corp Unit type data center
CN102625643A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-08-01 合肥通用制冷设备有限公司 Data center cooling system and method
CN203036917U (en) * 2013-01-17 2013-07-03 深圳睿立方智能科技有限公司 Terminal refrigerating system provided with refrigerant pump and data center terminal refrigerating system

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104764291A (en) * 2015-03-19 2015-07-08 西安理华节能技术有限公司 Two-phase liquid cooling system
CN105135549A (en) * 2015-09-11 2015-12-09 深圳市共济科技有限公司 Landed type multi-connection precise air conditioner with natural cooling function
CN105784141A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-07-20 龙文凯 Skid-proof temperature monitoring device for electrical devices
CN105806500A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-07-27 龙文凯 Electrical equipment temperature monitoring device convenient to maintain
CN105806499A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-07-27 龙文凯 Low-noise temperature monitoring device of electrical equipment
CN106017728A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-10-12 龙文凯 Electrical equipment temperature monitoring device
CN105806499B (en) * 2016-05-18 2018-07-03 民航中南空管设备工程公司 The electrical equipment temperature monitoring device of low noise
CN106017728B (en) * 2016-05-18 2018-08-07 珠海思特自动化系统工程有限公司 electrical equipment temperature monitoring device
CN105784141B (en) * 2016-05-18 2018-11-06 公碧燕 Anti-slip type electrical equipment temperature monitoring device
CN105806500B (en) * 2016-05-18 2018-12-04 南安市柳信光电科技有限公司 Electrical equipment temperature monitoring device easy to maintain

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Application publication date: 20130501