CN103075705A - Emergency illuminating device supplied with power by using hybrid energy - Google Patents

Emergency illuminating device supplied with power by using hybrid energy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103075705A
CN103075705A CN2012105917982A CN201210591798A CN103075705A CN 103075705 A CN103075705 A CN 103075705A CN 2012105917982 A CN2012105917982 A CN 2012105917982A CN 201210591798 A CN201210591798 A CN 201210591798A CN 103075705 A CN103075705 A CN 103075705A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
batteries
emergency lighting
power supply
wind
power generation
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Granted
Application number
CN2012105917982A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103075705B (en
Inventor
李少滨
罗文广
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Shenzhen Guang'an Fire-Fighting & Decoration Engineering Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Guang'an Fire-Fighting & Decoration Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201210591798.2A priority Critical patent/CN103075705B/en
Publication of CN103075705A publication Critical patent/CN103075705A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/40Control techniques providing energy savings, e.g. smart controller or presence detection

Abstract

The invention discloses an emergency illuminating device supplied with power by using hybrid energy. The device comprises an emergency illuminating device, a photovoltaic power generation device, a wind power generation device and a battery pack, wherein the battery pack is connected with a commercial power line through a normally closed relay and a charger, and is connected with and used for charging the photovoltaic power generation device, the wind power generation device and the emergency illuminating device; the emergency illuminating device is provided with a power failure start switch for starting automatically in case of a power failure; the power failure start switch is connected with the commercial power line and the battery pack respectively; and when the power failure occurs in a building due to disasters or emergencies, the normally closed relay is switched off due to power loss, the power failure start switch is started under the triggering action of a power failure signal, the battery pack is communicated with the emergency illuminating device, and the battery pack is used for supplying power to the emergency illuminating device. According to the emergency illuminating device supplied with power by using hybrid energy, complementary power supply is formed through commercial power, solar energy and wind energy, so that emergency illumination can be provided for evacuees, and people can evacuate and escape orderly in an emergency state; and moreover, the emergency illuminating device is environment-friendly, and contributes to saving energy.

Description

The emergency lighting device of energy mix power supply
[technical field]
The present invention relates to the emergency lighting system of building, particularly relate to and a kind ofly carry out complementary power supply by clean energy resource and civil power, be conducive to environmental protection, and be convenient to that people evacuate in order and the emergency lighting device of the energy mix power supply of escape when the state of emergency.
[background technology]
People know that electric power is the lifeblood of national economy, are indispensable parts during people live.Main electricity consumption at present industry and the people life all is to depend on the resources such as coal, nuclear fuel to generate electricity, and coal, nuclear fuel equal energy source are non-renewable energy resources.Along with global economy development and population increase, to the demand of electricity with day increase severely, and can constantly reduce for the energy of exploitation, to the increase of the demand of electricity and the contradiction of the shortage of resources of generating electricity.In the development process of urbanization, people need more electric power development industry, decorate the city and realize domestic electrification, and these all form continual new demand to electric power.On the other hand, with discharging great amount of carbon dioxide in the coal power generation process, atmospheric environment is caused direct impact.Therefore, how to utilize natural energy source, just become our outline such as generatings such as wind energy, solar energy, potential energy to alleviate need for electricity and protection of the environment.
At present, along with the deterioration of earth atmosphere environment, cause natural calamity to take place frequently, and the transition of electricity, coal gas, natural gas etc. and the improper use generation that also often causes fire, fire often can make power failure again when occuring.For this reason, outlet and needed position in the present building all are provided with emergency light, in order to provide illumination for people's escape when outage.Yet existing emergency light all is to be the charge in batteries store electrical energy by the coal electricity, and it needs the coal electric resources of consume valuable, therefore is unfavorable for environmental protection and energy-saving and emission-reduction.
[summary of the invention]
The present invention is intended to address the above problem, carry out complementary power supply and provide a kind of by clean energy resource and civil power, can be evacuation and escape personnel emergence dispersal lighting is provided, be convenient to people and when the state of emergency, evacuate in order and escape, and the emergency lighting device of the energy mix of environmental protection and energy saving power supply.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides a kind of emergency lighting device of energy mix power supply, this device comprises the corridor of being located in the building, stair, the emergency lighting device at fire escape and place, each extra exit, be located at outdoor photovoltaic power generation apparatus, wind power generation plant and batteries, described batteries is connected with line by normally closed relay and charger, and batteries and photovoltaic power generation apparatus, wind power generation plant and emergency lighting device connect, batteries is by line, photovoltaic power generation apparatus, wind power generation plant is its charging, described emergency lighting device is provided with automatically actuated outage starting switch when outage, described outage starting switch is connected with line and described batteries respectively, when building internal cause disaster or accident and when cutting off the power supply, normally closed relay disconnects because of dead electricity, described outage starting switch is triggered by power-off signal and starts, batteries is communicated with emergency lighting device, is the emergency lighting device power supply by batteries.
Emergency lighting device comprises outage starting switch and luminescent device, described outage starting switch is connected with normally closed relay, batteries and luminescent device, when cutting off the power supply because of disaster or accident, normally closed relay disconnects, described outage starting switch is communicated with batteries and luminescent device, is the luminescent device power supply by batteries.
The outage starting switch is normally opened relay, it is connected with normally closed relay, batteries and luminescent device respectively, when making indoor power supply circuit dead electricity because of the emergency outage, normally closed relay disconnects, normally opened relay is then closed and be communicated with batteries and luminescent device, is the luminescent device power supply by batteries.
Described luminescent device is the LED lamp.
Photovoltaic power generation apparatus comprises solar panel and the controller for solar that is attached thereto, and described controller for solar is connected with solar panel and batteries respectively.
Solar panel is a kind of in crystal silicon cell plate, amorphous silicon battery plate, the multi-element compounds solar cell.
Batteries is a kind of in Ni-MH battery group, nickel-cadmium cell group, the lithium battery group.
Wind power generation plant comprises wind-driven generator and charger, and described charger is connected with wind-driven generator and batteries respectively, and this wind power generation plant is arranged at top of building.
Wind-driven generator is horizontal axis wind-driven generator or vertical axis aerogenerator.
Contribution of the present invention is that it efficiently solves existing emergency lighting device and waits the non-renewable energy resources power supply by the coal electricity, is unfavorable for the problems such as environmental protection and energy-saving and emission-reduction.Because emergency lighting device of the present invention is by consisting of complementary electric power system as the solar energy of clean energy resource and powered by wind energy and civil power; not only can be and evacuate and evacuation and the escape illumination of escape personnel when emergency rating is provided; being convenient to people evacuates and escape when the state of emergency in order; and be conducive to environmental protection and energy-saving and emission-reduction, and can effectively save the coal electric resources.The characteristics such as the present invention also has simple in structure, and is easy to implement.
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 is overall structure block diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is outage starting switch structured flowchart of the present invention.
[specific embodiment]
The following example is to further explanation of the present invention and replenishes, the present invention is not constituted any limitation.
Consult Fig. 1, the emergency lighting device of energy mix power supply of the present invention comprises emergency lighting device 10, photovoltaic power generation apparatus 20, wind power generation plant 30 and batteries 40.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, described emergency lighting device 10 is arranged at respectively each corridor, stair, fire escape and the place, each extra exit in the building, is used for when the disaster such as fire, earthquake or accident occurring for evacuating and the escape personnel provides and evacuates and the escape illumination.As shown in Figure 1, this emergency lighting device 10 comprises outage starting switch 11 and luminescent device 12.In the present embodiment, described luminescent device 12 can be any in the known luminescent device, and it can be fluorescent lamp, electricity-saving lamp, LED lamp etc., and in the present embodiment, this luminescent device 12 is the LED lamp, and its input voltage is direct current 12V.Described outage starting switch 11 is connected with normally closed relay 41, batteries 40 and luminescent device 12.Such as Fig. 2, in the present embodiment, described outage starting switch 11 is normally opened relay, and more specifically, in the present embodiment, this outage starting switch 11 is the open type open phase relay.The input of this normally opened relay and normally closed relay 41 also connect, and its output is connected with batteries 40 and luminescent device 12.When making the indoor power supply circuit dead electricity that links to each other with public electric wire net because of the disasters such as fire, earthquake or accident, the normally-closed contact of normally closed relay 41 disconnects because of phase shortage, the normally opened contact of normally opened relay is then closed because of phase shortage, thereby batteries 40 is communicated with luminescent device 12, be luminescent device 12 power supply by batteries 40, make luminescent device 12 provide emergency lighting for the evacuee.
As shown in Figure 1, described photovoltaic power generation apparatus 20 comprises solar panel 21 and the controller for solar 22 that is attached thereto, and described controller for solar 22 is connected with solar panel 21 and batteries 40 respectively.Described solar panel 21 can be a kind of in known crystal silicon cell plate, amorphous silicon battery plate, the multi-element compounds solar cell, in the present embodiment, and preferred crystal silion cell plate.Described controller for solar 22 is connected with solar panel 21 and batteries 40 respectively; controller for solar 32 can be known solar electrical energy generation controller; it is used for controlling the duty of whole photovoltaic power generation apparatus, and batteries 40 is played the effect of additives for overcharge protection, over.In the larger place of the temperature difference, controller for solar 22 also can carry out temperature-compensating.Described solar panel 21 and controller for solar 22 can become one, and are arranged on top of building.This solar panel 21 also can arrange the sunray tracking means, to obtain best incident ray.
As shown in Figure 1, described wind power generation plant 30 is arranged at top of building, and it comprises wind-driven generator 31 and charger 32, and described charger 32 is connected with wind-driven generator 31 and batteries 40 respectively.In the present embodiment, described wind-driven generator 31 can be known horizontal axis wind-driven generator or vertical axis aerogenerator, preferred double-fed induction generator.Wind-driven generator 31 comprises the known members such as wind wheel, generator, direction-regulator, support, speed-limiting safety mechanism.In the present embodiment, described charger 32 is the chargers with rectification circuit, and it is used for backward batteries 40 chargings of the AC rectification of wind-driven generator 31 outputs.
Among Fig. 1, described batteries 40 is a kind of in Ni-MH battery group, nickel-cadmium cell group, the lithium battery group, in the present embodiment, and batteries 40 preferred lithium batteries, the electric energy that it produces for storage civil power, photovoltaic power generation apparatus 20, wind power generation plant 30, and be emergency lighting device 10 power supplies.Described batteries 40 is connected with line, photovoltaic power generation apparatus 20, wind power generation plant 30, charger 42 and emergency lighting device 10 respectively, specifically, among Fig. 1, batteries 40 is by normally closed relay 41, charger 42 and indoor power supply connection, when the indoor power supply circuit is normal, be batteries 40 chargings by civil power through charger 42.Simultaneously, photovoltaic power generation apparatus 20, wind power generation plant 30 are also to batteries 40 chargings, and wherein, it is batteries 40 chargings that photovoltaic power generation apparatus 20 can have in the daylight situation by day, wind power generation plant 30 can having under the landscape condition to batteries 40 chargings, therefore can form complementary generating.In batteries 40 the charge protection switch can be set, when batteries 40 charging had been expired, the charge protection switch disconnected, thereby can prevent that batteries from overcharging.The output voltage of batteries 40 is direct current 12V or 24V, is 12V in the present embodiment, and it can be emergency lighting device 10 the 12V direct current is provided.This batteries 40 can become one with photovoltaic power generation apparatus 20 and wind power generation plant 30, and is arranged at top of building, is used for storage of electrical energy, and is emergency lighting device 10 power supplies when the disaster such as fire, earthquake or accident occurring.Consult Fig. 1, when making the outage of indoor power supply circuit because of the disaster such as fire, earthquake or accident, normally opened contact as the normally opened relay of outage starting switch 11 is closed because of phase shortage, batteries 40 is communicated with luminescent device 12, be luminescent device 12 power supply by batteries 40, mode by solar energy, wind energy and mains hybrid power supply is for the corridor in the building, stair, fire escape and the power supply of each extra exit and emergency lighting is provided, thereby has realized energy-conserving and environment-protective and emergency lighting purpose.
Although by above embodiment the present invention is disclosed, protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this, is not departing under the condition of the present invention design, and the distortion that above each member is done, replacement etc. all will fall in the claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the emergency lighting device of energy mix power supply, it is characterized in that, this device comprises the corridor of being located in the building, stair, the emergency lighting device (10) at fire escape and place, each extra exit, be located at outdoor photovoltaic power generation apparatus (20), wind power generation plant (30) and batteries (40), described batteries (40) is connected with line by normally closed relay (41) and charger (42), and batteries (40) and photovoltaic power generation apparatus (20), wind power generation plant (30) and emergency lighting device (10) connect, batteries (40) is by line, photovoltaic power generation apparatus (20), wind power generation plant (30) is its charging, described emergency lighting device (10) is provided with automatically actuated outage starting switch (11) when outage, described outage starting switch (11) is connected with line and described batteries (40) respectively, when building internal cause disaster or accident and when cutting off the power supply, normally closed relay (41) disconnects because of dead electricity, described outage starting switch (11) is triggered by power-off signal and starts, batteries (40) is communicated with emergency lighting device (10), is emergency lighting device (10) power supply by batteries (40).
2. the emergency lighting device of energy mix as claimed in claim 1 power supply, it is characterized in that, described emergency lighting device (10) comprises outage starting switch (11) and luminescent device (12), described outage starting switch (11) is connected with normally closed relay (41), batteries (40) and luminescent device (12), when cutting off the power supply because of disaster or accident, normally closed relay (41) disconnects, described outage starting switch (11) is communicated with batteries (40) and luminescent device (12), is luminescent device (12) power supply by batteries (40).
3. the emergency lighting device of energy mix as claimed in claim 2 power supply, it is characterized in that, described outage starting switch (11) is normally opened relay, it is connected with normally closed relay (41), batteries (40) and luminescent device (12) respectively, when making indoor power supply circuit dead electricity because of the emergency outage, normally closed relay (41) disconnects, normally opened relay is then closed and be communicated with batteries (40) and luminescent device (12), be that luminescent device (12) is powered by batteries (40).
4. the emergency lighting device of energy mix power supply as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that described luminescent device (12) is the LED lamp.
5. the emergency lighting of photovoltaic generation as claimed in claim 1 and emergency lighting device, it is characterized in that, the controller for solar (22) that described photovoltaic power generation apparatus (20) comprises solar panel (21) and is attached thereto, described controller for solar (22) are connected with solar panel (21) and batteries (40) respectively.
6. the emergency lighting device of energy mix as claimed in claim 5 power supply is characterized in that, described solar panel (21) is a kind of in crystal silicon cell plate, amorphous silicon battery plate, the multi-element compounds solar cell.
7. the emergency lighting device of energy mix as claimed in claim 2 power supply is characterized in that, described batteries (40) is a kind of in Ni-MH battery group, nickel-cadmium cell group, the lithium battery group.
8. the emergency lighting device of energy mix as claimed in claim 1 power supply, it is characterized in that, described wind power generation plant (30) comprises wind-driven generator (31) and charger (32), described charger (32) is connected with wind-driven generator (31) and batteries (40) respectively, and this wind power generation plant (30) is arranged at top of building.
9. the emergency lighting device of energy mix power supply as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that described wind-driven generator (31) is horizontal axis wind-driven generator or vertical axis aerogenerator.
CN201210591798.2A 2012-12-31 2012-12-31 The emergency lighting device that energy mix is powered Active CN103075705B (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1812225A (en) * 2006-03-02 2006-08-02 郭亚晋 Solar energy emergency power supplying method and system for high building
JP2006350962A (en) * 2005-06-20 2006-12-28 Ntt Facilities Inc Emergency light device and emergency light system
CN201628165U (en) * 2010-03-02 2010-11-10 江苏江旭照明科技有限公司 Energy-saving LED road lamp with solar energy and wind energy complementation
CN201663461U (en) * 2010-01-25 2010-12-01 浙江东冠通信技术股份有限公司 Wind, light and electricity complementary power supply device
CN201994730U (en) * 2011-04-20 2011-09-28 深圳中科捷高光电科技有限公司 Off-grid power supply system guaranteeing communication and lighting in public emergency disasters
CN202403161U (en) * 2011-11-08 2012-08-29 李光胜 Wind and solar energy mutual-complementing hybrid power supply intelligent-control LED (light-emitting diode) illumination system for corridor

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006350962A (en) * 2005-06-20 2006-12-28 Ntt Facilities Inc Emergency light device and emergency light system
CN1812225A (en) * 2006-03-02 2006-08-02 郭亚晋 Solar energy emergency power supplying method and system for high building
CN201663461U (en) * 2010-01-25 2010-12-01 浙江东冠通信技术股份有限公司 Wind, light and electricity complementary power supply device
CN201628165U (en) * 2010-03-02 2010-11-10 江苏江旭照明科技有限公司 Energy-saving LED road lamp with solar energy and wind energy complementation
CN201994730U (en) * 2011-04-20 2011-09-28 深圳中科捷高光电科技有限公司 Off-grid power supply system guaranteeing communication and lighting in public emergency disasters
CN202403161U (en) * 2011-11-08 2012-08-29 李光胜 Wind and solar energy mutual-complementing hybrid power supply intelligent-control LED (light-emitting diode) illumination system for corridor

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