CN103074958B - Wallboard for building - Google Patents

Wallboard for building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103074958B
CN103074958B CN201310040354.4A CN201310040354A CN103074958B CN 103074958 B CN103074958 B CN 103074958B CN 201310040354 A CN201310040354 A CN 201310040354A CN 103074958 B CN103074958 B CN 103074958B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shape
plate
panel
framework
wallboard
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310040354.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103074958A (en
Inventor
张波
王国富
Original Assignee
山东万斯达建筑科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201220306000.0 priority Critical
Priority to CN2012203060000 priority
Priority to CN201220306000 priority
Application filed by 山东万斯达建筑科技有限公司 filed Critical 山东万斯达建筑科技有限公司
Priority to CN201310040354.4A priority patent/CN103074958B/en
Publication of CN103074958A publication Critical patent/CN103074958A/en
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Publication of CN103074958B publication Critical patent/CN103074958B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/78Heat insulating elements
    • E04B1/80Heat insulating elements slab-shaped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/296Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and non-metallic or unspecified sheet-material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • E04C2/38Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure with attached ribs, flanges, or the like, e.g. framed panels
    • E04C2/384Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure with attached ribs, flanges, or the like, e.g. framed panels with a metal frame

Abstract

The invention provides a wallboard for a building, which comprises at least one wallboard, wherein each wallboard is provided with a frame which is formed by upper, lower, left and right four metal section bars; an inner decorative plate is connected with one side of the frame; an outer decorative plate is connected with the other side of the frame; a heat-insulating material is filled between the inner decorative plate and the outer decorative plate; the cross sections of the four metal section bars all have the shape of irregularly shaped bulges or irregularly shaped slots; or one of the four metal section bars has the shape of irregularly shaped bulge while the other has the shape of irregularly shaped slot; when a plurality of wallboards are connected, the irregularly shaped bulges are matched with the irregularly shaped slots; an outwards raised top tray is arranged on the cross section of each of the irregularly shaped bulges, two ends of the top tray are respectively connected with the upper ends of vertical plates and all the plates form a cavity; an inwards raised top panel is arranged on the cross section of each of the irregularly shaped slots, the two ends of the top panel are respectively connected with the upper ends of a panel and all the plates form one cavity; the top panel, a first vertical panel and a second vertical panel form one slot; and the slot is located on the exterior of the cavity. The invention can solve the problem of the prior art.

Description

A kind of building panel

Technical field

The present invention relates to building unit technical field, specifically a kind of building panel.

Background technology

Along with improving constantly of builing industry scientific and technological level, dwelling construction needs to industrialization future development.Body of wall on building, kitchen, washroom etc. are all adopted industrialization Workshop Production, be transported to job site again to assemble, with the pollution of the workload and site environment that reduce site operation, fundamentally improving construction speed and efficiency, is an urgent demands of epoch to construction industry development.

At present, skin plate is mostly reinforced concrete prefabricated structure, in use find to there is following problem: one, own wt is larger, it requires higher to the load bearing stength of the basis of building and framework, therefore makes the design standard of building foundation and framework strengthen and cause construction costs to increase; Two, self-strength is comparatively large, and it is when lifting or when there is the fortuitous events such as earthquake, easily causes damage to the framework of building or damages; Three, make and installation effectiveness lower, not only fabrication cycle is longer for it, and wastes time and energy when installing on building; Four, the surrounding of wallboard is flat shape, when polylith wallboard is assembled on building frame, each wallboard accurate smooth location is each other quite inconvenient, causes installation effectiveness lower, and though the gap between each wallboard is through encapsulation process, the infiltration of rainwater fundamentally cannot be stopped; Five, window periphery is flat shape, and it effectively cannot stop that rainwater infiltrates in the gap of window and window frame.Due to the existence of the problems referred to above, cause this area more difficult realization in building suitability for industrialized production to advance on a large scale, how to solve the problem also is one of important topic of studying of those skilled in the art.

Summary of the invention

The object of this invention is to provide a kind of building panel, enable it solve prior art Problems existing.

The present invention for achieving the above object, be achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of building panel, comprise at least one block of wallboard, the framework that every block wallboard all has four shapes up and down to form, framework side connects trim panel, framework opposite side connects outer plaque, fill insulant material between trim panel and outer plaque, the cross sectional shape of four shapes is all abnormity projections or is all special impressions, or wherein one or two is that abnormity is protruding, another root or two are special impressions, when polylith wallboard is connected, abnormity is protruding to match with special impression, there is the top board of an outwardly convex in the cross section of abnormity projection, top board two ends are connected with the upper end of the first riser with the second riser respectively, first riser is connected with one end of the second flat board to downward-extension is dull and stereotyped with first respectively with the other end of the second riser, first flat board is connected with the upper end of the first side plate with the second side plate respectively with the other end in the second flatbed horizontal direction, the lower end of the first side plate arranges the first batten bent inwards, the lower end of the second side plate arranges the second batten bent inwards, above-mentioned each plate forms a cavity, top board is relative to cavity outwardly convex,

There is an inwardly protruded top panel in the cross section of special impression, top panel two ends are connected with the upper end of the first facade plate with the second facade plate respectively, first facade plate is connected with the first surface plate one end with the second surface plate to downward-extension respectively with the other end of the second facade plate, first surface plate is connected with the first side panel one end with the second side panel respectively with the other end of the second surface plate horizontal direction, the upper end of the first side panel arranges the first stripe board bent inwards, the upper end of the second side panel arranges the second stripe board bent inwards, above-mentioned each plate forms a cavity, top panel, first facade plate, second facade plate forms groove, groove is positioned at cavity outside.

At least install in described framework two with the first shape of horizontal direction parallel and the second shape, first shape and the second shape distribute up and down, two three shapes vertical with horizontal direction and the 4th shape are at least installed in framework, first shape, second shape, 3rd shape and the 4th shape are positioned at same plane, first shape, second shape, 3rd shape is connected with framework respectively with the 4th shape two ends, first shape, second shape, 3rd shape, 4th shape two end side panels is connected with trim panel with outer plaque respectively.After first shape, the second shape, the 3rd shape and the combination of the 4th shape, middle part forms window, the upper and lower port of the outer plaque at window place is respectively to framework inner bending, kink is connected with the second shape with the first shape respectively, and the height of outer plaque is greater than the height of trim panel.There is a top plate in the cross section of described first shape, one end of top plate is connected with the upper end of the first side panel, the other end of top plate is connected with the upper end of the second side panel, the lower end of the first side panel arranges the first strip board bent inwards, the lower end of the second side panel arranges the second strip board bent inwards, the left part of top plate is provided with the first flat-shaped plate, the right part of top board is provided with the second flat-shaped plate, first flat-shaped plate and the second flat-shaped plate are positioned at the different horizontal plane of height two, adopt skewback to be connected between the first flat-shaped plate and the second flat-shaped plate; The cross sectional shape of the second shape, the 3rd shape, the 4th shape is identical with the cross sectional shape of the first shape.Install wire lath in framework, wire lath is connected with the shape of framework, and fill insulant material between wire lath and trim panel and outer plaque, described heat insulating material is foam concrete.Between the protruding and special impression of abnormity on outer plaque and framework or/and outer plaque and the first shape, the second shape, respectively heat insulating mattress is installed between the 3rd shape and the 4th shape, heat insulating mattress one side and outer plaque inner surface fit, heat insulating mattress another side fits with a side of every root shape respectively, and the another side of every root shape fits with trim panel respectively.Between the shape of every two pieces of wallboard junction frameworks, cushion pad is installed, cushion pad is specifically arranged on protruding the cooperatively interacting with the top board of profiled slot of abnormity and locates, between two heat insulating mattresss of every two pieces of wallboard junctions, packing is installed, filling with sealant between two outer plaque terminations of every two pieces of wallboard junctions, with packing close contact while of fluid sealant.The first hanger and the second hanger are installed in wallboard top, two hanger structures are identical, hanger has a rectangular box, the horizontal hanging scroll two ends arranged in box body are connected with box body respectively, first hanger is fixedly connected with the shape of framework respectively with the second hanger, and the external surface of two hangers is all positioned at same plane with the external surface of trim panel.At least one connector is offered in wallboard bottom, and the degree of depth of connector is as the criterion with the shape external surface of exposed framework.The first riser in abnormity projection and the second riser are skewbacks, and the first facade plate in special impression and the second facade plate are skewbacks.

Building panel provided by the invention is compared with the reinforced concrete prefabricated wallboard of same size, weight saving about 60%, thus significantly alleviate the load bearing stength requirement of building foundation and building frame, make whole building construction costs save cost about 30%; Wallboard of the present invention, can accurate quick position due to the shape cooperatively interacted, and makes quick and easy for installation, enhances productivity about 40% than prior art; Meanwhile, due to the ad hoc structure of shape, the phenomenon that rainwater infiltrates inside wallboard can not be produced when wallboard is interconnected, thoroughly solve a difficult problem for prior art deadlight junction infiltration; After testing, its heat-insulating property, heat-proof quality are all close with reinforced concrete prefabricated wallboard for building panel of the present invention; Building panel of the present invention also can change the Construction Condition stirred up a cloud of dust, pollution-free when making construction; It is short that wallboard of the present invention also has fabrication cycle, without the advantage such as late maintaining, energy conservation.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is one of embodiment of the present invention structural representation;

Fig. 2 is two structural representations of embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is the B-B sectional structure schematic diagram of Fig. 2;

Fig. 5 is three cross section structure schematic diagrames of embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is four cross section structure schematic diagrames of embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional structure schematic diagram of the first shape a1 of the present invention;

Fig. 8 is the structural representation after four blocks of wallboards are interconnected;

Fig. 9 be the E of Fig. 8 to partial enlargement structural representation, the structure of contact surface when the every two blocks of wallboards of main signal connect;

Figure 10 is five cross-sectional view of embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 11 is the cross sectional shape schematic diagram of abnormity projection of the present invention;

Figure 12 is the cross sectional shape schematic diagram of special impression of the present invention.

Detailed description of the invention

Its major scheme of building panel provided by the invention is: have one block of wallboard at least, the framework 1 that every block wallboard all has four shapes up and down to form, framework 1 side connects trim panel 4, framework 1 opposite side connects outer plaque 3, fill insulant material 5 between trim panel 4 and outer plaque 3, the cross sectional shape of four shapes is all abnormity projections or is all special impressions, or wherein one or two is that abnormity is protruding, another root or two are special impressions, when polylith wallboard is connected, abnormity is protruding to match with special impression, there is the top board M of an outwardly convex in the cross section of abnormity projection, top board M two ends are connected with the upper end of the second riser M2 with the first riser M1 respectively, the other end of the first riser M1 and the second riser M2 to downward-extension respectively M3 dull and stereotyped with first be connected with one end of the second dull and stereotyped M4, first dull and stereotyped M3 is connected with the upper end of the second side plate M22 with the first side plate M21 respectively with the other end of the second dull and stereotyped M4 horizontal direction, the lower end of the first side plate M21 arranges the first batten M21a bent inwards, the lower end of the second side plate M22 arranges the second batten M22a bent inwards, above-mentioned each plate forms a cavity A1, top board M is relative to cavity A1 outwardly convex,

There is an inwardly protruded top panel W in the cross section of special impression, top panel W two ends are connected with the upper end of the second facade plate W2 with the first facade plate W1 respectively, first facade plate W1 is connected with one end of the second surface plate W4 with the first surface plate W3 to downward-extension respectively with the other end of the second facade plate W2, first surface plate W3 is connected with one end of the second side panel W22 with the first side panel W21 respectively with the other end of the second surface plate W4 horizontal direction, the upper end of the first side panel W21 arranges the first stripe board W21a bent inwards, the upper end of the second side panel W22 arranges the second stripe board W22a bent inwards, above-mentioned each plate forms a cavity C 1, top panel W, first facade plate W1, second facade plate W2 forms groove B1, it is outside that groove B1 is positioned at cavity C 1.Said structure can complete the object of the invention, and can reach good good effect.Described heat insulating material 5 preferred foams concrete, has noninflammability energy reaching under insulation, the good prerequisite of heat-proof quality, stops disaster hidden-trouble.Described outer plaque 3 can make the surface plate of the different materials such as cement water-proof layer, resin waterproofing course or ceramic tile according to requirement of engineering, for the erosion of the natural environments such as waterproof, anticorrosion, Anti-blow-open Exposure to Sunlight.The thickness of outer plaque 3 can make thickness different size according to different materials, different engineering demand.The cross sectional shape of shape in a wallboard of said structure can be identical, also can be difformity, as: the cross sectional shape of the shape in one block of wallboard is all that abnormity is protruding, the cross sectional shape of the shape of another block wallboard is all special impressions, when polylith wallboard is connected, the shape wallboard of abnormity projection matches with the shape wallboard of special impression; For another example: the cross sectional shape of the shape in upper end in one block of wallboard is abnormity projection or special impression, the cross sectional shape of the shape that lower end is is that special impression or abnormity are protruding, the cross sectional shape of the shape in the left side is abnormity projection or special impression, the cross sectional shape of the shape in the right is that special impression or abnormity are protruding, the cross sectional shape of the shape of the other wallboard be then connected with this wallboard makes the fit shapes corresponded, that is: abnormity is protruding matches with special impression.

In wallboard of the present invention, the cross sectional shape of shape is abnormity projection or special impression, the first riser M1 wherein in special-shaped projection and the preferred scheme of the second riser M2 are all skewbacks, the first facade plate W1 in special impression and the preferred scheme of the second facade plate W2 are all skewbacks, this shape is convenient to processing, is convenient to the demoulding, meanwhile, its load-bearing to global sections, resistance to deformation and bend resistance performance homogeneous phase are to higher.

Wallboard of the present invention is in order to improve total bearing capacity further, improve support strength and rigidity, the further scheme provided is: at least install in framework 1 two with the first shape a1 of horizontal direction parallel and the second shape a2, first shape a1 and the second shape a2 distributes up and down, two three shape b1s vertical with horizontal direction and the 4th shape b2 are at least installed in framework 1, first shape a1, second shape a2, 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2 is positioned at same plane, first shape a1, second shape a2, 3rd shape b1 is connected with framework 1 respectively with the 4th shape b2 two ends, first shape a1, second shape a2, 3rd shape b1, 4th shape b2 two end side panels is connected with trim panel 4 with outer plaque 3 respectively.

According to construction work needs, when wallboard needing offer window, window 7 need be offered in the middle part of wallboard, window 7 is by the first shape a1, second shape a2, after 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2 combines, middle part is formed, and now, the upper and lower port of the outer plaque 3 at window 7 place is respectively to framework 1 inner bending, kink is connected with the second shape a2 with the first shape a1 respectively, make the height of outer plaque 3 be greater than the height of trim panel 4 simultaneously, as Fig. 4, shown in Fig. 6, the lower end of trim panel 4 is higher than the lower end of outer plaque 3, avoid rainwater to flow in window 7.

The the first shape a1 installed in wallboard of the present invention, second shape a2, 3rd shape b1 is identical with the cross sectional shape of the 4th shape b2, for the cross sectional shape of the first shape a1, its concrete structure shape is described: there is a top plate D in the cross section of described first shape a1, one end of top plate D is connected with the upper end of the first side panel 21, the other end of top plate D is connected with the upper end of the second side panel 22, the lower end of the first side panel 21 arranges the first strip board 21a bent inwards, the lower end of the second side panel 22 arranges the second strip board 22a bent inwards, the left part of top plate D is provided with the first flat-shaped plate 23, the right part of top board D is provided with the second flat-shaped plate 24, first flat-shaped plate 23 and the second flat-shaped plate 24 are positioned at the different horizontal plane of height two, skewback 25 is adopted to be connected between first flat-shaped plate 23 and the second flat-shaped plate 24, the cross sectional shape of the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1, the 4th shape b2 is identical with the cross sectional shape of the first shape a1.This cross sectional shape is under the prerequisite reaching better support strength requirement, and can realize the textural association that heat insulating mattress reaches better insulation, effect of heat insulation is installed, can prevent rainwater from infiltrating to trim panel 4 simultaneously, make wallboard of the present invention reaching that support strength is high, thermal and insulating performance good while, there is not Seepage in thorough waterproof, and then improves the application life of wallboard further.

Further scheme provided by the invention is: install cushion pad 33 between the shape of every two pieces of wallboard junction frameworks 1, cushion pad 33 is specifically arranged on protruding the cooperatively interacting with the top board of profiled slot of abnormity and locates, between two heat insulating mattresss 12 of every two pieces of wallboard junctions, packing 31 is installed, filling with sealant 32 between two outer plaque 3 terminations of every two pieces of wallboard junctions, with packing 31 close contact while of fluid sealant 32.After this structure can make polylith wallboard be interconnected to integral wall, without any inside infiltration phenomenon, and avoid the rigidity between shape to contact simultaneously, make shape not produce destructive power to wallboard when flexible.

Wallboard of the present invention is in order to increase its intensity, and in framework 1, install wire lath 6, wire lath 6 is connected with the shape of framework 1, fill insulant material 5 between wire lath 6 and trim panel 4 and outer plaque 3.Described heat insulating material 5 is foam concrete.

Further scheme of the present invention is: between the protruding and special impression of abnormity on outer plaque 3 and framework 1 or/and outer plaque 3 and the first shape a1, the second shape a2, between the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2, heat insulating mattress 12 is installed respectively, heat insulating mattress 12 1 side and outer plaque 3 inner surface fit, heat insulating mattress 12 another side fits with a side of every root shape respectively, and the another side of every root shape fits with trim panel 4 respectively.This structure further increases the heat preservation and insulation of wallboard, can reduce to the deflection that wallboard produces when shape stretches, as shown in Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and Figure 10 simultaneously: it is protruding and between special impression and outer plaque 3 that heat insulating mattress 12 can be arranged on abnormity; Heat insulating mattress 12 also can be arranged on outer plaque 3 and the first shape a1, the second shape a2, between the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2; Heat insulating mattress 12 also can be arranged on outer plaque 3 and abnormity projection, special impression, the first shape a1, the second shape a2, between the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2.

Wallboard of the present invention is for the ease of installing and fixing, first hanger 1a and the second hanger 1b can be installed on wallboard top, two hanger structures are identical, hanger has a rectangular box, the horizontal hanging scroll two ends arranged in box body are connected with box body respectively, first hanger 1a is fixedly connected with the shape of framework 1 respectively with the second hanger 1b, and the external surface of two hangers is all positioned at same plane with the external surface of trim panel 4.Certainly, the fixing of wallboard also can adopt other various ways, as: on the brace summer of building, make groove, wallboard is directly fixed within it.

More firm when the present invention is in order to make polylith wallboard be interconnected, offer at least one connector 4a in wallboard bottom, the degree of depth of connector 4a is as the criterion with the shape external surface of exposed framework 1.

Wallboard of the present invention is according to said structure, and it has various embodiments:

Example 1: the basic embodiment of wallboard of the present invention comprises the framework 1 of four shape formations up and down, the cross sectional shape of shape comprises abnormity projection and special impression, filled and process concrete in framework 1, the side of framework 1 is connected with trim panel 4, and opposite side is connected with outer plaque 3.

Example 2: in order to improve support strength and the rigidity of wallboard further, the basis of embodiment 1 structure increases wire lath 6, that is: wire lath 6 is arranged in framework 1, and is connected with framework 1 respectively.Wire lath 6 can adopt wire to make, metal column also can be adopted to make or adopt steel plate with holes to make.Wire lath 6 all contains by the foam concrete of filling in framework 1, and wire lath 6 is played a supporting role in foam concrete, improves the impact resistance intensity of wallboard further.

Example 3: as shown in Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Figure 10, wallboard of the present invention, on the basis of embodiment 2 structure, increases the structure of heat insulating mattress 12, that is: install heat insulating mattress 12 at outer plaque 3 and between abnormity projection and special impression; Heat insulating mattress 12 also can be arranged on outer plaque 3 and the first shape a1, the second shape a2, between the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2; Heat insulating mattress 12 can also be arranged on outer plaque 3 and abnormity projection, special impression, the first shape a1, the second shape a2, between the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2.This structure can avoid the cold and hot temperature on outer plaque 3 to be directly delivered on shape, can improve heat insulation, the heat-insulating property of wallboard further, and reduces shape when flexible to the deflection that wallboard produces simultaneously.

Example 4: wallboard of the present invention, in order to increase support strength and rigidity, on the basis of embodiment 1 or embodiment 2 or embodiment 3 structure, increases horizontal and vertical shape.That is: at least install in framework 1 two with the first shape a1 of horizontal direction parallel and the second shape a2, first shape a1 and the second shape a2 distributes up and down, two three shape b1s vertical with horizontal direction and the 4th shape b2 are at least installed in framework 1, first shape a1, second shape a2, 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2 is positioned at same plane, first shape a1, second shape a2, 3rd shape b1 is connected with framework 1 respectively with the 4th shape b2 two ends, first shape a1, second shape a2, 3rd shape b1, 4th shape b2 two end side panels is connected with trim panel 4 with outer plaque 3 respectively.When installing wire lath 6 in framework 1, the first shape a1, the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1 are connected with wire lath 6 respectively with the 4th shape b2.

Example 5: when wallboard of the present invention arranges window according to requirement of engineering, after the first shape a1, the second shape a2 that install in framework 1, the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2 combine, middle part forms window 7, the upper and lower port of the outer plaque 3 at window 7 place is respectively to framework 1 inner bending, kink is connected with the second shape a2 with the first shape a1 respectively, and the height of outer plaque 3 is greater than the height of trim panel 4.

Example 6: when building panel of the present invention needs to connect use with polylith wallboard, need on the basis of any one scenario-frame described in embodiment 1-5, increase following structure: between the shape of every two pieces of wallboard junction frameworks 1, cushion pad 33 is installed, cushion pad 33 is specifically arranged on protruding the cooperatively interacting with the top board of profiled slot of abnormity and locates, between two heat insulating mattresss 12 of every two pieces of wallboard junctions, packing 31 is installed, filling with sealant 32 between two outer plaque 3 terminations of every two pieces of wallboard junctions, with packing 31 close contact while of fluid sealant 32.As shown in Figure 9.

Example 7, hanger all can be installed in the basis of any one wall plate structure of above-described embodiment of the present invention, first hanger 1a and the second hanger 1b is installed on wallboard top, two hanger structures are identical, hanger has a rectangular box, the horizontal hanging scroll two ends arranged in box body are connected with box body respectively, and the first hanger 1a is fixedly connected with the shape of framework 1 respectively with the second hanger 1b, and the external surface of two hangers is all positioned at same plane with the external surface of trim panel 4.

The invention is not restricted to each textural association mode of described embodiment.Wallboard of the present invention also can do indoor wallboard and use, and now inner wall panel can be identical with the material of side fascia.In figure, 5a is the second heat insulating material, and 12a is the second heat insulating mattress.

Position up and down of the present invention is all reference position with shown position.

Claims (8)

1. a building panel, it is characterized in that: comprise at least one block of wallboard, the framework (1) that every block wallboard all has four shapes up and down to form, framework (1) side connects trim panel (4), framework (1) opposite side connects outer plaque (3), fill insulant material between trim panel (4) and outer plaque (3), the cross sectional shape of four shapes is all that abnormity is protruding or are all special impressions or wherein one or two is that abnormity is protruding, another root or two are special impressions, when polylith wallboard is connected, abnormity is protruding to match with special impression, there is the top board (M) of an outwardly convex in the cross section of abnormity projection, top board (M) two ends are connected with the upper end of the first riser (M1) with the second riser (M2) respectively, first riser (M1) is connected with the first flat board (M3) one end with the second flat board (M4) to downward-extension respectively with the other end of the second riser (M2), first flat board (M3) is connected with the upper end of the first side plate (M21) with the second side plate (M22) respectively with the other end of the second flat board (M4) horizontal direction, the lower end of the first side plate (M21) arranges the first batten (M21a) bent inwards, the lower end of the second side plate (M22) arranges the second batten (M22a) bent inwards, above-mentioned each plate forms a cavity (A1), top board (M) is relative to cavity (A1) outwardly convex,
There is an inwardly protruded top panel (W) in the cross section of special impression, top panel (W) two ends are connected with the upper end of the first facade plate (W1) with the second facade plate (W2) respectively, first facade plate (W1) is connected with the first surface plate (W3) one end with the second surface plate (W4) to downward-extension respectively with the other end of the second facade plate (W2), first surface plate (W3) is connected with the first side panel (W21) one end with the second side panel (W22) respectively with the other end of the second surface plate (W4) horizontal direction, the upper end of the first side panel (W21) arranges the first stripe board (W21a) bent inwards, the upper end of the second side panel (W22) arranges the second stripe board (W22a) bent inwards, above-mentioned each plate forms a cavity (C1), top panel (W), first facade plate (W1), second facade plate (W2) forms groove (B1), it is outside that groove (B1) is positioned at cavity (C1), at least install in framework (1) two with first shape (a1) of horizontal direction parallel and the second shape (a2), first shape (a1) and the second shape (a2) distribute up and down, two three shapes (b1) vertical with horizontal direction and the 4th shape (b2) are at least installed in framework (1), first shape (a1), second shape (a2), 3rd shape (b1) and the 4th shape (b2) are positioned at same plane, first shape (a1), second shape (a2), 3rd shape (b1) is connected with framework (1) respectively with the 4th shape (b2) two ends, first shape (a1), second shape (a2), 3rd shape (b1), 4th shape (b2) two ends side panel is connected with trim panel (4) with outer plaque (3) respectively, there is a top plate (D) in the cross section of described first shape (a1), one end of top plate (D) is connected with the upper end of the first side panel (21), the other end of top plate (D) is connected with the upper end of the second side panel (22), the lower end of the first side panel (21) arranges the first strip board (21a) bent inwards, the lower end of the second side panel (22) arranges the second strip board (22a) bent inwards, the left part of top plate (D) is provided with the first flat-shaped plate (23), the right part of top plate (D) is provided with the second flat-shaped plate (24), first flat-shaped plate (23) and the second flat-shaped plate (24) are positioned at the different horizontal plane of height two, skewback (25) is adopted to be connected between first flat-shaped plate (23) and the second flat-shaped plate (24), the cross sectional shape of the second shape (a2), the 3rd shape (b1), the 4th shape (b2) is identical with the cross sectional shape of the first shape (a1).
2. a kind of building panel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: after the first shape (a1), the second shape (a2), the 3rd shape (b1) and the combination of the 4th shape (b2), middle part forms window (7), the upper and lower port of the outer plaque (3) at window (7) place is respectively to framework (1) inner bending, kink is connected with the second shape (a2) with the first shape (a1) respectively, and the height of outer plaque (3) is greater than the height of trim panel (4).
3. a kind of building panel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in framework (1), wire lath (6) is installed, wire lath (6) is connected with the shape of framework (1), fill insulant material (5) between wire lath (6) and trim panel (4) and outer plaque (3), described heat insulating material (5) is foam concrete.
4. according to claim 1, a kind of building panel described in 2 or 3 any one, it is characterized in that: between the protruding and special impression of the abnormity on outer plaque (3) and framework (1) or outer plaque (3) and the first shape (a1), second shape (a2), between 3rd shape (b1) and the 4th shape (b2), heat insulating mattress (12) is installed respectively, heat insulating mattress (12) one side and outer plaque (3) inner surface fit, heat insulating mattress (12) another side fits with a side of every root shape respectively, the another side of every root shape fits with trim panel (4) respectively.
5. a kind of building panel according to any one of claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterized in that: between the shape of every two pieces of wallboard junctions framework (1), cushion pad (33) is installed, cushion pad (33) is specifically arranged on protruding the cooperatively interacting with the top board of profiled slot of abnormity and locates, between two heat insulating mattresss (12) of every two pieces of wallboard junctions, packing (31) is installed, filling with sealant (32) between two outer plaque (3) terminations of every two pieces of wallboard junctions, with packing (31) close contact the while of fluid sealant (32).
6. a kind of building panel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the first hanger (1a) and the second hanger (1b) are installed in wallboard top, two hanger structures are identical, hanger has a rectangular box, the horizontal hanging scroll two ends arranged in box body are connected with box body respectively, first hanger (1a) is fixedly connected with the shape of framework (1) respectively with the second hanger (1b), and the external surface of two hangers is all positioned at same plane with the external surface of trim panel (4).
7. a kind of building panel according to claim 6, is characterized in that: at least one connector (4a) is offered in wallboard bottom, and the degree of depth of connector (4a) is as the criterion with the shape external surface of exposed framework (1).
8. a kind of building panel according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the first riser (M1) in special-shaped projection and the second riser (M2) are skewbacks, and the first facade plate (W1) in special impression and the second facade plate (W2) are skewbacks.
CN201310040354.4A 2012-06-28 2013-02-01 Wallboard for building CN103074958B (en)

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CN201310040354.4A CN103074958B (en) 2012-06-28 2013-02-01 Wallboard for building

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CN201210477328.3A CN102912932B (en) 2012-06-28 2012-11-22 Hanging type wall plate of building
CN 201220622152 CN202936946U (en) 2012-06-28 2012-11-22 Suspension type building wallboard
CN201310040354.4A CN103074958B (en) 2012-06-28 2013-02-01 Wallboard for building
CN 201320058294 CN203097103U (en) 2012-06-28 2013-02-01 Building wallboard

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CN102912932B (en) * 2012-06-28 2015-03-11 山东万斯达集团有限公司 Hanging type wall plate of building
CN104120851A (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-10-29 张跃 Steel exterior wall with hanging seats
US10011989B2 (en) 2014-07-22 2018-07-03 Wanessa Sue Pence Composite building panel
CN104912231B (en) * 2015-06-26 2017-07-14 长沙远大住宅工业集团有限公司 The cladding attachment structure and its construction method of prefabricated outer wall panel and shear wall
CN104895193B (en) * 2015-06-26 2017-08-25 湖南远大工程设计有限公司 Prefabricated outer wall panel connects box and connecting node
FR3038330B1 (en) * 2015-07-03 2017-08-11 Art Metal Charpente Composite wall for construction, as well as a construction unit comprising at least one such composite wall

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WO2014000451A1 (en) 2014-01-03
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CN103074958A (en) 2013-05-01
CN202936946U (en) 2013-05-15
CN203097103U (en) 2013-07-31

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