CN103074958A - Wallboard for building - Google Patents

Wallboard for building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103074958A
CN103074958A CN2013100403544A CN201310040354A CN103074958A CN 103074958 A CN103074958 A CN 103074958A CN 2013100403544 A CN2013100403544 A CN 2013100403544A CN 201310040354 A CN201310040354 A CN 201310040354A CN 103074958 A CN103074958 A CN 103074958A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shape
plate
panel
wallboard
framework
Prior art date
Application number
CN2013100403544A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103074958B (en
Inventor
张波
王国富
Original Assignee
山东万斯达建筑科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201220306000.0 priority Critical
Priority to CN2012203060000 priority
Priority to CN201220306000 priority
Application filed by 山东万斯达建筑科技有限公司 filed Critical 山东万斯达建筑科技有限公司
Priority to CN201310040354.4A priority patent/CN103074958B/en
Publication of CN103074958A publication Critical patent/CN103074958A/en
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Publication of CN103074958B publication Critical patent/CN103074958B/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/78Heat insulating elements
    • E04B1/80Heat insulating elements slab-shaped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/296Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and non-metallic or unspecified sheet-material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • E04C2/38Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure with attached ribs, flanges, or the like, e.g. framed panels
    • E04C2/384Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure with attached ribs, flanges, or the like, e.g. framed panels with a metal frame

Abstract

The invention provides a wallboard for a building, which comprises at least one wallboard, wherein each wallboard is provided with a frame which is formed by upper, lower, left and right four metal section bars; an inner decorative plate is connected with one side of the frame; an outer decorative plate is connected with the other side of the frame; a heat-insulating material is filled between the inner decorative plate and the outer decorative plate; the cross sections of the four metal section bars all have the shape of irregularly shaped bulges or irregularly shaped slots; or one of the four metal section bars has the shape of irregularly shaped bulge while the other has the shape of irregularly shaped slot; when a plurality of wallboards are connected, the irregularly shaped bulges are matched with the irregularly shaped slots; an outwards raised top tray is arranged on the cross section of each of the irregularly shaped bulges, two ends of the top tray are respectively connected with the upper ends of vertical plates and all the plates form a cavity; an inwards raised top panel is arranged on the cross section of each of the irregularly shaped slots, the two ends of the top panel are respectively connected with the upper ends of a panel and all the plates form one cavity; the top panel, a first vertical panel and a second vertical panel form one slot; and the slot is located on the exterior of the cavity. The invention can solve the problem of the prior art.

Description

A kind of building panel

Technical field

The present invention relates to the building unit technical field, specifically a kind of building panel.

Background technology

Along with improving constantly of builing industry scientific and technological level, dwelling construction need to be to the industrialization future development.Body of wall on the building, kitchen, washroom etc. are all adopted the industrialization Workshop Production, being transported to the job site assembles again, with the workload of minimizing site operation and the pollution of site environment, fundamentally improve construction speed and efficient, be that the epoch are to an urgent demand of construction industry development.

At present, the skin plate mostly is reinforced concrete prefabricated structure, in use find to have following problem: one, own wt is larger, it is had relatively high expectations to the basis of building and the load bearing stength of framework, therefore so that the design standard of building foundation and framework strengthens and cause construction costs to increase; Two, self intensity is larger, and it is when lifting or when the fortuitous event such as earthquake occurs, easily to framework injury or the damage of building; Three, making and installation effectiveness are lower, and not only fabrication cycle is longer for it, and waste time and energy when building is installed; Four, the surrounding of wallboard is flat shape, when the polylith wallboard on building frame during assembly unit, each wallboard accurate smooth location each other is inconvenience quite, causes installation effectiveness lower, though and the slit between each wallboard can't fundamentally stop the infiltration of rainwater through encapsulation process; Five, the window periphery is flat shape, and it can't stop effectively that rainwater infiltrates etc. in the gap of window and window frame.Because the existence of the problems referred to above, cause that this area is difficult in the building suitability for industrialized production realizes extensive the propelling, how to address the above problem also is one of important topic of studying of those skilled in the art.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of building panel, make it can solve the problem that prior art exists.

The present invention for achieving the above object, be achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of building panel, comprise at least one block of wallboard, every block of wallboard all has up and down four frameworks that shape consists of, framework one side connects trim panel, the framework opposite side connects outer plaque, fill insulant material between trim panel and the outer plaque, the cross sectional shape of four shapes all is abnormity projections or all is special impressions, perhaps wherein one or two be abnormity projection, another root or two are special impressions, when the polylith wallboard links to each other, the abnormity projection matches with special impression, there is an outwards top board of projection in the cross section of abnormity projection, the top board two ends link to each other with the upper end of the first riser with the second riser respectively, the other end of the first riser and the second riser links to each other with an end of the second flat board with the first flat board respectively to downward-extension, the first flat board links to each other with the upper end of the first side plate with the second side plate respectively with the other end of the second dull and stereotyped horizontal direction, the lower end of the first side plate arranges the first batten that bends inwards, the lower end of the second side plate arranges the second batten that bends inwards, above-mentioned each plate consists of a cavity, and top board is outwards protruding with respect to cavity;

There is an inwardly protruded top panel in the cross section of special impression, the top panel two ends link to each other with the upper end of the first facade plate and the second facade plate respectively, the other end of the first facade plate and the second facade plate links to each other with an end of the first surface plate and the second surface plate respectively to downward-extension, the other end of the first surface plate and the second surface plate horizontal direction links to each other with an end of the first side panel and the second side panel respectively, the upper end of the first side panel arranges the first stripe board that bends inwards, the upper end of the second side panel arranges the second stripe board that bends inwards, above-mentioned each plate consists of a cavity, top panel, the first facade plate, the second facade plate consists of groove, and groove is positioned at the cavity outside.

Two the first shape and the second shapes with horizontal direction parallel are installed in the described framework at least, the first shape and the second shape distribute up and down, two three shapes vertical with horizontal direction and the 4th shape are installed in the framework at least, the first shape, the second shape, the 3rd shape and the 4th shape are positioned at same plane, the first shape, the second shape, the 3rd shape links to each other the first shape respectively with the 4th shape two ends with framework, the second shape, the 3rd shape, the 4th shape two end side panels links to each other with trim panel with outer plaque respectively.The middle part consists of window after the first shape, the second shape, the 3rd shape and the combination of the 4th shape, the upper and lower port of the outer plaque at window place is respectively to the framework inner bending, kink links to each other with the second shape with the first shape respectively, and the height of outer plaque is greater than the height of trim panel.There is a top plate in the cross section of described the first shape, one end of top plate links to each other with the upper end of the first side panel, the other end of top plate links to each other with the upper end of the second side panel, the lower end of the first side panel arranges the first strip plate that bends inwards, the lower end of the second side panel arranges the second strip plate that bends inwards, the left part of top plate is provided with the first flat-shaped plate, the right part of top board is provided with the second flat-shaped plate, the first flat-shaped plate is positioned at two different horizontal planes of height with the second flat-shaped plate, adopts skewback to link to each other between the first flat-shaped plate and the second flat-shaped plate; The cross sectional shape of the second shape, the 3rd shape, the 4th shape is identical with the cross sectional shape of the first shape.Wire lath is installed in the framework, and wire lath is connected with the shape of framework, and fill insulant material between wire lath and trim panel and outer plaque, described heat insulating material are foam concrete.Between special-shaped projection on outer plaque and the framework and the special impression or/and heat insulating mattress is installed respectively between outer plaque and the first shape, the second shape, the 3rd shape and the 4th shape, heat insulating mattress one side and outer plaque inner surface fit, the heat insulating mattress another side fits with a side of every shape respectively, and the another side of every shape fits with trim panel respectively.Between the shape of per two wallboard junction frameworks cushion pad is installed, the top board that cushion pad specifically is installed in abnormity projection and the profiled slot place that cooperatively interacts, between two heat insulating mattresss of per two wallboard junctions packing is installed, filling with sealant between two outer plaque terminations of per two wallboard junctions, fluid sealant while and packing close contact.The first hanger and the second hanger are installed in wallboard top, two hanger structures are identical, hanger has a rectangular box, the horizontal hanging scroll two ends that arrange in the box body are connected with box body respectively, the first hanger is fixedly connected with the shape of framework respectively with the second hanger, and the external surface of two hangers all is positioned at same plane with the external surface of trim panel.At least one connector is offered in the wallboard bottom, and the degree of depth of connector is as the criterion with the shape external surface of exposed framework.The first riser and the second riser in the abnormity projection are skewbacks, and the first facade plate and the second facade plate in the special impression are skewbacks.

Building panel provided by the invention is compared with the reinforced concrete prefabricated wallboard of same size, weight saving about 60%, thereby significantly alleviated the load bearing stength requirement of building foundation and building frame, made the whole building construction costs save cost about 30%; Wallboard of the present invention be owing to the shape that cooperatively interacts, can accurately locate fast, makes quick and easy for installationly, enhances productivity about 40% than prior art; Simultaneously, because the ad hoc structure of shape interconnects Shi Buhui at wallboard and produces rainwater to the inboard phenomenon of infiltrating of wallboard, thoroughly solved the difficult problem of prior art deadlight junction infiltration; Building panel of the present invention after testing, its heat-insulating property, heat-proof quality are all close with reinforced concrete prefabricated wallboard; Building panel of the present invention also can change the Construction Condition that stirs up a cloud of dust, and is pollution-free when making construction; It is short that wallboard of the present invention also has fabrication cycle, without advantages such as later stage maintenance, energy conservation.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is one of the embodiment of the present invention structural representation;

Fig. 2 is two structural representations of embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is the B-B sectional structure schematic diagram of Fig. 2;

Fig. 5 is three cross section structure schematic diagrames of embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is four cross section structure schematic diagrames of embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional structure schematic diagram of the first shape a1 of the present invention;

Fig. 8 is the structural representation after four blocks of wallboards interconnect;

Fig. 9 be the E of Fig. 8 to local structure for amplifying schematic diagram, the structure of contact surface when illustrating mainly that per two blocks of wallboards connect;

Figure 10 is five cross-sectional view of embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 11 is the cross sectional shape schematic diagram of abnormity projection of the present invention;

Figure 12 is the cross sectional shape schematic diagram of special impression of the present invention.

The specific embodiment

Its major scheme of building panel provided by the invention is: have a wallboard at least, every block of wallboard all has up and down four frameworks 1 that shape consists of, framework 1 one sides connect trim panel 4, framework 1 opposite side connects outer plaque 3, fill insulant material 5 between trim panel 4 and the outer plaque 3, the cross sectional shape of four shapes all is abnormity projections or all is special impressions, perhaps wherein one or two be abnormity projection, another root or two are special impressions, when the polylith wallboard links to each other, the abnormity projection matches with special impression, there is an outwards top board M of projection in the cross section of abnormity projection, top board M two ends link to each other with the upper end of the first riser M1 and the second riser M2 respectively, the other end of the first riser M1 and the second riser M2 links to each other with the end of the first dull and stereotyped M3 and the second dull and stereotyped M4 respectively to downward-extension, the other end of the first dull and stereotyped M3 and the second dull and stereotyped M4 horizontal direction links to each other with the upper end of the first side plate M21 and the second side plate M22 respectively, the lower end of the first side plate M21 arranges the first batten M21a that bends inwards, the lower end of the second side plate M22 arranges the second batten M22a that bends inwards, above-mentioned each plate consists of a cavity A1, and top board M is outwards protruding with respect to cavity A1;

There is an inwardly protruded top panel W in the cross section of special impression, top panel W two ends link to each other with the upper end of the first facade plate W1 and the second facade plate W2 respectively, the other end of the first facade plate W1 and the second facade plate W2 links to each other with the end of the second surface plate W4 with the first surface plate W3 respectively to downward-extension, the other end of the first surface plate W3 and the second surface plate W4 horizontal direction links to each other with the end of the second side panel W22 with the first side panel W21 respectively, the upper end of the first side panel W21 arranges the first stripe board W21a that bends inwards, the upper end of the second side panel W22 arranges the second stripe board W22a that bends inwards, above-mentioned each plate consists of a cavity C 1, top panel W, the first facade plate W1, the second facade plate W2 consists of groove B1, and groove B1 is positioned at cavity C 1 outside.Said structure can be finished the object of the invention, and can reach preferably good effect.Described heat insulating material 5 preferred foams concrete have the noninflammability energy under the prerequisite preferably reaching insulation, heat-proof quality, stop disaster hidden-trouble.Described outer plaque 3 can be made according to requirement of engineering the surface plate of the different materials such as cement water-proof layer, resin waterproofing course or ceramic tile, is used for the erosion of the natural environments such as waterproof, anticorrosion, Anti-blow-open Exposure to Sunlight.The thickness of outer plaque 3 can be made the thickness different size according to different materials, different engineering demand.The cross sectional shape of the shape of said structure in a wallboard can be identical, it also can be difformity, as: the cross sectional shape of the shape in wallboard all is abnormity projections, the cross sectional shape of the shape of another piece wallboard all is special impressions, when the polylith wallboard was connected, the shape wallboard of abnormity projection matched with the shape wallboard of special impression; For another example: the cross sectional shape of the shape in upper end in wallboard is special-shaped projection or special impression, the cross sectional shape of the shape that the lower end is is special impression or abnormity projection, the cross sectional shape of the shape in the left side is special-shaped projection or special impression, the cross sectional shape of the shape in the right is special impression or abnormity projection, the cross sectional shape of the shape of the other wallboard that then links to each other with this wallboard is made corresponding with it fit shapes, that is: the abnormity projection matches with special impression.

The cross sectional shape of shape is special-shaped projection or special impression in the wallboard of the present invention, wherein the first riser M1 in the special-shaped projection and the preferred scheme of the second riser M2 all are skewbacks, the first facade plate W1 in the special impression and the preferred scheme of the second facade plate W2 all are skewbacks, this shape is convenient to processing, is convenient to the demoulding, simultaneously, its load-bearing to global sections, resistance to deformation and bend resistance performance are all relatively high.

Wallboard of the present invention is in order further to improve total bearing capacity, improve support strength and rigidity, the further scheme that provides is: two the first shape a1 and the second shape a2 with horizontal direction parallel are installed in framework 1 at least, the first shape a1 and the second shape a2 distribute up and down, two three shape b1s vertical with horizontal direction and the 4th shape b2 are installed in the framework 1 at least, the first shape a1, the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2 are positioned at same plane, the first shape a1, the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1 links to each other the first shape a1 respectively with the 4th shape b2 two ends with framework 1, the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1, the 4th shape b2 two end side panels links to each other with trim panel 4 with outer plaque 3 respectively.

According to the construction work needs, when needing to offer window on the wallboard, need to offer window 7 at the wallboard middle part, window 7 is by the first shape a1, the second shape a2, the middle part consists of after the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2 combination, and this moment, the upper and lower port of the outer plaque 3 at window 7 places is respectively to framework 1 inner bending, kink links to each other with the second shape a2 with the first shape a1 respectively, make simultaneously the height of outer plaque 3 greater than the height of trim panel 4, such as Fig. 4, shown in Figure 6, the lower end of trim panel 4 is higher than the lower end of outer plaque 3, has avoided rainwater to window 7 interior inflows.

The the first shape a1 that installs in the wallboard of the present invention, the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1 is identical with the cross sectional shape of the 4th shape b2, as an example of the cross sectional shape of the first shape a1 example its concrete structure shape is described: there is a top plate D in the cross section of described the first shape a1, the end of top plate D links to each other with the upper end of the first side panel 21, the other end of top plate D links to each other with the upper end of the second side panel 22, the lower end of the first side panel 21 arranges the first strip plate 21a that bends inwards, the lower end of the second side panel 22 arranges the second strip plate 22a that bends inwards, the left part of top plate D is provided with the first flat-shaped plate 23, the right part of top board D is provided with the second flat-shaped plate 24, the first flat-shaped plate 23 is positioned at two different horizontal planes of height with the second flat-shaped plate 24, adopts skewback 25 to link to each other between the first flat-shaped plate 23 and the second flat-shaped plate 24; The cross sectional shape of the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1, the 4th shape b2 is identical with the cross sectional shape of the first shape a1.This cross sectional shape is under the prerequisite that reaches better support strength requirement, and can realize that the installation heat insulating mattress reaches the textural association of better insulation, effect of heat insulation, can prevent simultaneously that rainwater from infiltrating to trim panel 4, make wallboard of the present invention reach that support strength is high, thermal and insulating performance good in, thoroughly Seepage does not appear in waterproof, and then further improves the application life of wallboard.

Further scheme provided by the invention is: cushion pad 33 is installed between the shape of per two wallboard junction frameworks 1, the top board that cushion pad 33 specifically is installed in abnormity projection and the profiled slot place that cooperatively interacts, 12 of two heat insulating mattresss of per two wallboard junctions are installed packing 31, filling with sealant 32 between two outer plaque 3 terminations of per two wallboard junctions, 32 whiles and packing 31 close contacts of fluid sealant.After this structure can make the polylith wallboard be interconnected to integral wall, without any inside infiltration phenomenon, and avoid simultaneously the rigidity between shape to contact, make shape when flexible, not produce destructive power to wallboard.

Wallboard of the present invention is in order to increase its intensity, and at framework 1 interior installation wire lath 6, wire lath 6 is connected with the shape of framework 1,3 fill insulant materials 5 of wire lath 6 and trim panel 4 and outer plaque.Described heat insulating material 5 is foam concrete.

Further scheme of the present invention is: between the special-shaped projection on outer plaque 3 and the framework 1 and the special impression or/and heat insulating mattress 12 is installed respectively between outer plaque 3 and the first shape a1, the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2, heat insulating mattress 12 1 sides and outer plaque 3 inner surfaces fit, heat insulating mattress 12 another sides fit with a side of every shape respectively, and the another side of every shape fits with trim panel 4 respectively.This structure has further increased the heat preservation and insulation of wallboard, can reduce simultaneously the deflection that shape produces wallboard when flexible, and such as Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and shown in Figure 10: heat insulating mattress 12 can be installed between special-shaped projection and special impression and the outer plaque 3; Heat insulating mattress 12 also can be installed between outer plaque 3 and the first shape a1, the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2; Heat insulating mattress 12 also can be installed between outer plaque 3 and abnormity projection, special impression, the first shape a1, the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2.

Wallboard of the present invention is for the ease of installing and fixing, the first hanger 1a and the second hanger 1b can be installed on wallboard top, two hanger structures are identical, hanger has a rectangular box, the horizontal hanging scroll two ends that arrange in the box body are connected with box body respectively, the first hanger 1a is fixedly connected with the shape of framework 1 respectively with the second hanger 1b, and the external surface of two hangers all is positioned at same plane with the external surface of trim panel 4.Certainly, the fixing of wallboard also can adopt other various ways, as: the brace summer at building is made saturating groove, and wallboard is directly fixed within it.

The present invention is more firm when the polylith wallboard is interconnected, and offers at least one connector 4a in the wallboard bottom, and the degree of depth of connector 4a is as the criterion with the shape external surface of exposed framework 1.

Wallboard of the present invention according to said structure as can be known, it has various embodiments:

Example 1: the basic embodiment of wallboard of the present invention comprises up and down four frameworks 1 that shape consists of, the cross sectional shape of shape comprises special-shaped projection and special impression, framework 1 interior filled and process concrete, a side of framework 1 is connected with trim panel 4, and opposite side is connected with outer plaque 3.

Example 2: in order further to improve support strength and the rigidity of wallboard, increase wire lath 6 on the basis of embodiment 1 structure, that is: wire lath 6 is installed in the framework 1, and is connected with framework 1 respectively.Wire lath 6 can adopt wire to make, also can adopt metal column to make or adopt steel plate with holes to make.The foam concrete of framework 1 interior filling all contains wire lath 6, and wire lath 6 is played a supporting role in foam concrete, further improves the impact resistance intensity of wallboard.

Example 3: such as Fig. 5, Fig. 6, shown in Figure 10, wallboard of the present invention increases the structure of heat insulating mattress 12 on the basis of embodiment 2 structures, that is: heat insulating mattress 12 is installed between outer plaque 3 and special-shaped projection and special impression; Heat insulating mattress 12 also can be installed between outer plaque 3 and the first shape a1, the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2; Heat insulating mattress 12 can also be installed between outer plaque 3 and abnormity projection, special impression, the first shape a1, the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2.This structure can avoid the cold and hot temperature on the outer plaque 3 to be directly delivered on the shape, can further improve heat insulation, the heat-insulating property of wallboard, and reduces simultaneously the deflection that shape produces wallboard when flexible.

Example 4: wallboard of the present invention on the basis of embodiment 1 or embodiment 2 or embodiment 3 structures, increases horizontal and vertical shape in order to increase support strength and rigidity.That is: two the first shape a1 and the second shape a2 with horizontal direction parallel are installed at least in framework 1, the first shape a1 and the second shape a2 distribute up and down, two three shape b1s vertical with horizontal direction and the 4th shape b2 are installed in the framework 1 at least, the first shape a1, the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2 are positioned at same plane, the first shape a1, the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1 links to each other the first shape a1 respectively with the 4th shape b2 two ends with framework 1, the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1, the 4th shape b2 two end side panels links to each other with trim panel 4 with outer plaque 3 respectively.When framework 1 interior installation wire lath 6, the first shape a1, the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2 link to each other with wire lath 6 respectively.

Example 5: when wallboard of the present invention arranges window according to requirement of engineering, the middle part consists of window 7 after the first shape a1, the second shape a2, the 3rd shape b1 and the 4th shape b2 combination of framework 1 interior installation, the upper and lower port of the outer plaque 3 at window 7 places is respectively to framework 1 inner bending, kink links to each other with the second shape a2 with the first shape a1 respectively, and the height of outer plaque 3 is greater than the height of trim panel 4.

Example 6: when building panel of the present invention need to connect use with the polylith wallboard, need to be on the basis of any scenario-frame described in the embodiment 1-5, increase following structure: cushion pad 33 is installed between the shape of per two wallboard junction frameworks 1, the top board that cushion pad 33 specifically is installed in abnormity projection and the profiled slot place that cooperatively interacts, 12 of two heat insulating mattresss of per two wallboard junctions are installed packing 31, filling with sealant 32 between two outer plaque 3 terminations of per two wallboard junctions, 32 whiles and packing 31 close contacts of fluid sealant.As shown in Figure 9.

Example 7, all hanger can be installed on the basis of any wall plate structure of above-described embodiment of the present invention, the first hanger 1a and the second hanger 1b are installed on wallboard top, two hanger structures are identical, hanger has a rectangular box, the horizontal hanging scroll two ends that arrange in the box body are connected with box body respectively, and the first hanger 1a is fixedly connected with the shape of framework 1 respectively with the second hanger 1b, and the external surface of two hangers all is positioned at same plane with the external surface of trim panel 4.

The invention is not restricted to each textural association mode of described embodiment.Wallboard of the present invention also can be done indoor wallboard and use, and this moment, inner wall panel can be identical with the material of side fascia.5a is the second heat insulating material among the figure, and 12a is the second heat insulating mattress.

Up and down position of the present invention is all take shown position as the reference position.

Claims (10)

1. building panel, it is characterized in that: comprise at least one block of wallboard, every block of wallboard all has up and down four frameworks (1) that shape consists of, framework (1) one side connects interior trim (4), framework (1) opposite side connects outer plaque (3), fill insulant material between trim panel (4) and the outer plaque (3), the cross sectional shape of four shapes all is abnormity projections or all is special impressions, perhaps wherein one or two be abnormity projection, another root or two are special impressions, when the polylith wallboard links to each other, the abnormity projection matches with special impression, there is an outwards top board (M) of projection in the cross section of abnormity projection, top board (M) two ends link to each other with the upper end of the first riser (M1) with the second riser (M2) respectively, the other end of the first riser (M1) and the second riser (M2) links to each other with the end of the first flat board (M3) with the second flat board (M4) respectively to downward-extension, the other end of the first flat board (M3) and the second flat board (M4) horizontal direction links to each other with the upper end of the first side plate (M21) with the second side plate (M22) respectively, the lower end of the first side plate (M21) arranges the first batten (M21a) that bends inwards, the lower end of the second side plate (M22) arranges the second batten (M22a) that bends inwards, above-mentioned each plate consists of a cavity (A1), and top board (M) is with respect to the outside projection of cavity (A1);
There is an inwardly protruded top panel (W) in the cross section of special impression, top panel (W) two ends link to each other with the upper end of the first facade plate (W1) and the second facade plate (W2) respectively, the other end of the first facade plate (W1) and the second facade plate (W2) links to each other with the end of the first surface plate (W3) with the second surface plate (W4) respectively to downward-extension, the other end of the first surface plate (W3) and the second surface plate (W4) horizontal direction links to each other with the end of the first side panel (W21) with the second side panel (W22) respectively, the upper end of the first side panel (W21) arranges the first stripe board (W21a) that bends inwards, the upper end of the second side panel (W22) arranges the second stripe board (W22a) that bends inwards, above-mentioned each plate consists of a cavity (C1), top panel (W), the first facade plate (W1), the second facade plate (W2) consists of groove (B1), and groove (B1) is positioned at cavity (C1) outside.
2. a kind of building panel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: two the first shape (a1) and the second shapes (a2) with horizontal direction parallel are installed in the framework (1) at least, the first shape (a1) and the second shape (a2) distribute up and down, two three shapes (b1) vertical with horizontal direction and the 4th shape (b2) are installed in the framework (1) at least, the first shape (a1), the second shape (a2), the 3rd shape (b1) and the 4th shape (b2) are positioned at same plane, the first shape (a1), the second shape (a2), the 3rd shape (b1) links to each other the first shape (a1) respectively with the 4th shape (b2) two ends with framework (1), the second shape (a2), the 3rd shape (b1), the 4th shape (b2) two end side panels links to each other with trim panel (4) with outer plaque (3) respectively.
3. a kind of building panel according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the middle part consists of window (7) after the first shape (a1), the second shape (a2), the 3rd shape (b1) and the 4th shape (b2) combination, the upper and lower port of the outer plaque (3) that window (7) is located is respectively to framework (1) inner bending, kink links to each other with the second shape (a2) with the first shape (a1) respectively, and the height of outer plaque (3) is greater than the height of trim panel (4).
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described a kind of building panels, it is characterized in that: there is a top plate (D) in the cross section of described the first shape (a1), one end of top plate (D) links to each other with the upper end of the first side panel (21), the other end of top plate (D) links to each other with the upper end of the second side panel (22), the lower end of the first side panel (21) arranges the first strip plate (21a) that bends inwards, the lower end of the second side panel (22) arranges the second strip plate (22a) that bends inwards, the left part of top plate (D) is provided with the first flat-shaped plate (23), the right part of top board (D) is provided with the second flat-shaped plate (24), the first flat-shaped plate (23) is positioned at two different horizontal planes of height with the second flat-shaped plate (24), adopts skewback (25) to link to each other between the first flat-shaped plate (23) and the second flat-shaped plate (24); The cross sectional shape of the second shape (a2), the 3rd shape (b1), the 4th shape (b2) is identical with the cross sectional shape of the first shape (a1).
5. a kind of building panel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: wire lath (6) is installed in the framework (1), wire lath (6) is connected with the shape of framework (1), fill insulant material (5) between wire lath (6) and trim panel (4) and outer plaque (3), described heat insulating material (5) is foam concrete.
6. according to claim 1,2,3 or 5 each described a kind of building panels, it is characterized in that: between the special-shaped projection on outer plaque (3) and the framework (1) and the special impression or/and outer plaque (3) and the first shape (a1), the second shape (a2), between the 3rd shape (b1) and the 4th shape (b2) heat insulating mattress (12) is installed respectively, heat insulating mattress (12) one sides and outer plaque (3) inner surface fit, heat insulating mattress (12) another side fits with a side of every shape respectively, and the another side of every shape fits with trim panel (4) respectively.
7. according to claim 1,2,3 or 5 each described a kind of building panels, it is characterized in that: cushion pad (33) is installed between the shape of per two wallboard junction frameworks (1), the top board that cushion pad (33) specifically is installed in abnormity projection and the profiled slot place that cooperatively interacts, between two heat insulating mattresss (12) of per two wallboard junctions packing (31) is installed, filling with sealant (32) between two outer plaques (3) termination of per two wallboard junctions, fluid sealant (32) while and packing (31) close contact.
8. a kind of building panel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the first hanger (1a) and the second hanger (1b) are installed in wallboard top, two hanger structures are identical, hanger has a rectangular box, the horizontal hanging scroll two ends that arrange in the box body are connected with box body respectively, the first hanger (1a) is fixedly connected with the shape of framework (1) respectively with the second hanger (1b), and the external surface of two hangers all is positioned at same plane with the external surface of trim panel (4).
9. a kind of building panel according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: at least one connector (4a) is offered in the wallboard bottom, and the degree of depth of connector (4a) is as the criterion with the shape external surface of exposed framework (1).
10. a kind of building panel according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the first riser (M1) and the second riser (M2) in the special-shaped projection they are skewbacks, the first facade plate (W1) and the second facade plate (W2) in the special impression they are skewbacks.
CN201310040354.4A 2012-06-28 2013-02-01 Wallboard for building CN103074958B (en)

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CN201210477328.3A CN102912932B (en) 2012-06-28 2012-11-22 Hanging type wall plate of building
CN 201220622152 CN202936946U (en) 2012-06-28 2012-11-22 Suspension type building wallboard
CN201310040354.4A CN103074958B (en) 2012-06-28 2013-02-01 Wallboard for building
CN 201320058294 CN203097103U (en) 2012-06-28 2013-02-01 Building wallboard

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CN104120851A (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-10-29 张跃 Steel exterior wall with hanging seats
US10011989B2 (en) 2014-07-22 2018-07-03 Wanessa Sue Pence Composite building panel
CN104912231B (en) * 2015-06-26 2017-07-14 长沙远大住宅工业集团有限公司 The cladding attachment structure and its construction method of prefabricated outer wall panel and shear wall
CN104895193B (en) * 2015-06-26 2017-08-25 湖南远大工程设计有限公司 Prefabricated outer wall panel connects box and connecting node
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WO2014000451A1 (en) 2014-01-03
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CN202936946U (en) 2013-05-15
CN103074958B (en) 2015-06-17
CN203097103U (en) 2013-07-31

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