A kind of stacker automatic branching device
The invention belongs to stacker, load transfer device field, be specifically related to a kind of stacker automatic branching device.
In the suitability for industrialized production such as modern chemical industry, food, feed, fertilizer, in order to increase work efficiency and workmanship, alleviate labor strength, people have used automatic stacking machine to replace manually the bagged product packing material being carried out piling more and more, have obtained extraordinary effect.But along with development, existing stacker in use yet comes with some shortcomings, and makes applying of its be subjected to a certain extent restriction.Wherein the most significantly deficiency is exactly that piling efficient is high not enough, can't satisfy the automatic stacking needs of the larger manufacturing line of some productive capacitys.Trace it to its cause, that existing stacker all is the single line design, be subcontracting before the piling, shaping, to organize into groups, push away the cargo handling operation such as bag all be to carry out at a flow process operating line, and each link needs certain duty cycle, the stack of several duty cycles is restricted piling efficient.For increasing substantially piling efficient, the single line operation of stacker is changed into the two-wire concurrent job thought a feasible realization direction by industry.And the parallel simultaneously palletizing operation of the two-wire that will realize piling, what at first will solve is exactly how to carry fast the product package material of coming at stacker realization automatic branching by setup program on front end manufacturing line single line.
Therefore, research and development can realize the parallel simultaneously High-Speed Automatic stacker of piling of two-wire, increase substantially the piling efficient of stacker, further enlarge the extent of spreading amd application of stacker, develop and to realize that the branch apparatus that packed packing material automatic branching is carried is top priority.
Summary of the invention
Technical matters to be solved by this invention provides a kind of stacker automatic branching device that can realize that packed packing material automatic branching is carried, can solve the parallel piling automatic branching problem of stacker two-wire.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above with following technical scheme:
A kind of stacker automatic branching of the present invention device, it is mainly by shunt conveyer 1, shunt guide plate 2, guide plate positioning seat 3, driving guide plate device 4 and bracing frame 5 consist of, bracing frame 5 is installed on the shunt conveyer 1, guide plate positioning seat 4 and driving guide plate device 5 are installed on the bracing frame 5, the postmedian of guide plate 2 is connected with guide plate positioning seat 3 through fix shaft 22 along separate routes, its rear portion is connected with driving guide plate device 4 so that it swings by the angle of setting through axle drive shaft 23, the entrance of described shunt conveyer is connected with a main road conveyer, and its outlet is connected with two branch road conveyers.
Described shunt conveyer is band conveyor, Conveyor or sour jujube roller conveyer, perhaps wherein several combination.
Described Conveyor is power Conveyor or unpowered Conveyor or both combinations.
The transportation work face of described shunt conveyer becomes angle less than 60 ° by import to Way out with horizontal surface towards having a down dip.
Perpendicular to the transportation work face several unpowered rollers or power roller, perhaps two kinds combination are installed on the described shunt guide plate; It also can be a ganoid flat board.
Described driving guide plate device is cylinder, also can be servomotor.
Described shunt conveyer front end is equipped with sensor 6, and sensor 6 can be photosensor, laser sensor or proximity transducer.
Be equipped with on the described bracing frame 5 and be positioned at the swing energy disperser of end of travel of guide plate 2 along separate routes, energy disperser can be air bellow, water bumper or mechanical spring, perhaps the wherein combination of the two.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: can solve in the automatic stacking operation process, how to carry fast the product package material of coming to realize automatically being divided into the technical matters that two-wire is carried by blas at stacker on front end manufacturing line single line.Make research and development can realize that the parallel simultaneously most important technology barrier of the High-Speed Automatic stacker of palletizing operation of two-wire is broken through, thereby solve existing stacker single line design, be subcontracting before the piling, shaping, marshalling, pushing away bag waits cargo handling operation all to carry out at a flow process operating line, and each link needs certain duty cycle, the stack of several duty cycles makes piling efficient improve the problem that is restricted, make the piling efficient of stacker can increase substantially more than 80%, can finely satisfy some large-scale production line to the needs of automatic stacking, further enlarge the extent of spreading amd application of automatic stacking machine.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of an embodiment of stacker automatic branching device of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the enlarged diagram of shunt guide plate among Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
As shown in Figure 1, stacker automatic branching device of the present invention is made of shunt conveyer 1, shunt guide plate 2, guide plate positioning seat 3, driving guide plate device 4 and bracing frame 5, bracing frame 5 is installed on the shunt conveyer 1, guide plate positioning seat 3 and driving guide plate device 4 are installed on the bracing frame 5, the postmedian of guide plate 2 is installed on the guide plate positioning seat 3 by fix shaft 22 along separate routes, its rear portion is connected through universal-joint by the impeller-hub of axle drive shaft 23 with driving guide plate device 4, and driving guide plate device 4 drives shunt guide plate 2 and swings by the angle of setting.Conveyer 1 is installed in slope conveyer 7 rear ends of stacker along separate routes, and the center of the slope conveyer 7 of the center of conveyer 1 and stacker point-blank along separate routes; The rear end of conveyer 1 symmetry connects two branch road conveyers 8 that mutually form an angle and branch road conveyer 9 along separate routes; The width of branch road conveyer is 1/2nd of shunt conveyer 1 width.
The bracing frame 5 that the present invention adopts can integral type be welded on the frame of shunt conveyer 1, also can adopt split type being bolted on the frame of shunt conveyer 1.The shunt conveyer 1 that adopts is band conveyor.In order to effectively reduce the friction force of packing material in the shunt steering procedure, make shunt more smooth and easy, the belt of shunt conveyer 1 is the smooth belt of selection work face as far as possible.Simultaneously, along separate routes the driving surface of conveyer 1 becomes angle less than 60 ° by import to Way out with horizontal surface towards having a down dip.
In the shunt process, deflect away from described shunt conveyer 1 for fear of packing material, can install respectively in the both sides of shunt conveyer 1 baffle plate 10 additional.
Shown in Figure 2, on the shunt guide plate 2 that the present invention adopts framework 21, fix shaft 22, axle drive shaft 23 are arranged, fix shaft 22 cooperations are installed on the guide plate positioning seat 3 and can rotate, and axle drive shaft 23 is connected through universal-joint with the impeller-hub of driving guide plate device 4.Guide plate positioning seat 3 is on the line of centers of shunt conveyer 1.Driving guide plate device 4 is double-acting cylinders, and the bearing of cylinder is fixedly mounted on the bracing frame 5 with bolt.Along separate routes the length of guide plate 2 with its pendulum to about can reach or exceed front end conveyer sideline during the position and be advisable.
Along separate routes Vertical Uniform is equipped with several unpowered rollers 24 on the framework 21 of guide plate 2, can effectively reduce like this in the shunt process packing material and the friction force of guide plate 2 along separate routes; The height of unpowered roller 24 is a little more than the height of packing material.
In order to realize the automatic control to shunt, front end or slope conveyer at shunt conveyer 1 are installed opto-electronic pickup 6, packing material on the travel line can be come the bag situation to be transferred to control system by signal, control system control along separate routes guide plate 2 swings by setup program, realizes the to the left and right automatic branching conveying of two branch road conveyers of packing material.
The working process of automatic branching device of the present invention is as follows: automatic branching device and front latter linked main road thereof, branch road conveyer, control system all are in the unlatching normal working, control system set the front end manufacturing line carry the packing material of coming by about each one bag of rule left road and right wing of assigning to respectively stacker carry.When the front end manufacturing line carries the packing material come to enter along separate routes conveyer 1 through the end of slope conveyer, the opto-electronic pickup 6 that is installed on shunt conveyer 1 front end has been sensed Yi Laibao, transfer signals to control system, system sends instruction, guide plate actuating device 3 actions of automatic branching device, guide plate 2 is put to the left side along separate routes, packing material enters in the automatic branching device according to the running velocity of conveyer, the left front end of packing material bumps against on the shunt guide plate 2 with certain angle, because this moment, the shunt conveyer 1 of automatic branching device continued it is carried out forward, under the effect of decomposing force, the packing material front end is deflection to the right gradually, the rear end is deflection left, until the left side of whole packing material rides on the unpowered roller 24 of shunt guide plate 2 fully, finished and turned to, under the effect of shunt conveyer 1, continue forward operation, until enter on the right branch road conveyer of stacker.When opto-electronic pickup 6 is sensed and is wrapped, transfer signals to control system, system sends instruction, driving guide plate device 3 actions of automatic branching device, along separate routes to the right, packing material is assigned to by said process on the left branch road conveyer of stacker and carries guide plate 2 by pendulum.So circulation conversion, thus realize carrying the packing material of coming to change working direction front end main road conveyer, automatically assign to thereafter by the formulation program and carry respectively by different directions on two branch road conveyers.
The shunt guide plate that the present invention adopts can be vertically installed with several unpowered rollers or power roller, and perhaps two kinds combination also can be a ganoid flat board.
The driving guide plate device that the present invention adopts also can be servomotor.
The sensor that the present invention adopts comes the bag situation and detection signal is transferred to control system for detection of packing material, by the along separate routes action of guide plate of control system control, realizes the automatic branching function.
The sensor that the present invention adopts is photosensor, laser sensor or proximity transducer.
The present invention can also be equipped with at bracing frame and be positioned at the swing energy disperser of end of travel of guide plate along separate routes, to be used for reducing when guide plate swings along separate routes impulsive force and the vibrations at end of travel.Energy disperser is respectively installed one at the shunt guide plate end of travel that swings, and can be air bellow, water bumper or mechanical spring, the perhaps wherein combination of the two.