CN103072775A - Compression type environmental sanitation compartment with clapboard and environmental sanitation vehicle with environmental sanitation compartment - Google Patents

Compression type environmental sanitation compartment with clapboard and environmental sanitation vehicle with environmental sanitation compartment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103072775A
CN103072775A CN2013100218577A CN201310021857A CN103072775A CN 103072775 A CN103072775 A CN 103072775A CN 2013100218577 A CN2013100218577 A CN 2013100218577A CN 201310021857 A CN201310021857 A CN 201310021857A CN 103072775 A CN103072775 A CN 103072775A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
compartment
plate
railway carriage
envelope
carriage
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Pending
Application number
CN2013100218577A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王涛
郑时
彭大光
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HUBEI CENTURY ZHONGYUAN VEHICLES CO Ltd
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HUBEI CENTURY ZHONGYUAN VEHICLES CO Ltd
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Priority to CN2013100218577A priority Critical patent/CN103072775A/en
Publication of CN103072775A publication Critical patent/CN103072775A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a compression type environmental sanitation compartment with a clapboard. A compartment body is of a sealed compartment-shaped structure, and is provided with a garbage inlet and a garbage outlet; the clapboard is arranged between a compartment base plate and a compartment top plate, is provided with one or a plurality of liquid leakage holes penetrating through the thickness of the clapboard, and divides an inner part of the compartment body into a compartment body bottom layer and a compartment body upper layer; the periphery of the clapboard is respectively in seal connection with inner surfaces of the periphery of the compartment body; a compressor is arranged on the compartment body upper layer, and compresses garbage; one or a plurality of sewage discharge holes are arranged in a bottom part of the compartment body bottom layer, and is communicated with the inner part of the compartment body and an outer part of the compartment body; and a sewage discharge valve is arranged on each sewage discharge hole. Due to the utilization of the compression type environmental sanitation compartment with the clapboard, sewage in garbage can be separated from solid garbage through extruding, and is collected intensively; and meanwhile, the size of the garbage is greatly reduced, and the garbage can be transported conveniently. The compression type environmental sanitation compartment with the clapboard can be combined with a heavy vehicle second-class chassis to form an environmental sanitation vehicle so as to be used, and the effect is obvious.

Description

The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment and the sanitation cart that this environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment is set of dividing plate are set
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment and the sanitation cart that this environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment is set, particularly a kind of sanitation cart that the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set and is provided with this environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment.
Background technology
Along with socioeconomic fast development, people improve constantly the requirement of urban environmental hygiene condition.Because the speed of urbanization is accelerated, increasing in numbers swiftly of urban population, the quantum of output of municipal refuse is also increasing sharply, along with the day by day raising of resident living level and the modernization of social life, the composition of municipal refuse is also day by day complicated, liquid component in the rubbish constantly increases, run into sleety weather, liquid component in the municipal refuse more can be multiplied, so that transporting in the way of municipal refuse, environmental sanitation refuse vehicle can constantly spill sewage on the way, urban highway is caused serious secondary pollution, the environmental sanitation refuse vehicle that uses does not at present possess sewage and separates memory function, can't prevent the secondary pollution that the sewage in the municipal refuse forms urban highway, can't compress rubbish simultaneously yet, to reduce garbage bulk, make things convenient for garbage transporting.
Summary of the invention
In order to prevent that the sewage in the municipal refuse from forming secondary pollution to urban highway, and reduce garbage bulk, the present invention proposes a kind of sanitation cart that the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set and is provided with this environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment, and the technical scheme that adopts is:
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, comprise envelope and garbage inlet, envelope is the railway carriage or compartment shape structure of sealing, the bottom of envelope arranges the railway carriage or compartment base plate, the top of envelope arranges the compartment top plate, the left and right sides side of envelope arranges respectively left railway carriage or compartment plate and right railway carriage or compartment plate, the front and rear side of envelope arranges respectively front railway carriage or compartment plate and back carriage plate, envelope arranges garbage inlet and/or garbage outlet, garbage inlet is arranged on front portion or the middle part of compartment top plate, garbage outlet is arranged on the top of back carriage plate, garbage inlet and garbage outlet are communicated with respectively the inside of envelope and the outside of envelope, garbage outlet arranges the garbage outlet lid, the garbage outlet cap seal closes garbage outlet, between railway carriage or compartment base plate and the compartment top plate dividing plate is set, dividing plate is platy structure, dividing plate arranges one or more liquid-leaking nozzles that run through block board thickness, dividing plate is envelope bottom and envelope upper strata with the envelope interior separation, the contour shape of dividing plate and the interior shape of envelope are suitable, the periphery of dividing plate respectively with the left railway carriage or compartment plate of envelope, right railway carriage or compartment plate, the inside face of front railway carriage or compartment plate and back carriage plate is tightly connected, the envelope upper strata arranges compression set, compression set arranges mobile drive deivce, runner device and push plate device, mobile drive deivce arranges mobile base and the mobile driving head of driving, the mobile base that drives is captiveed joint with envelope, mobile driving head is connected with the mobile base sliding that drives, mobile driving head arranges extended position and punctured position, runner device arranges elongated slideway and slide block, slide block is along length direction and the slideway sliding block joint of slideway, mobile driving head is captiveed joint with slider-actuated, distance between the length of slideway and the extended position of mobile driving head and the punctured position is suitable, the direction of mobile driving head from punctured position to extended position, point to the direction of back carriage plate for the past railway carriage or compartment plate, push plate device is captiveed joint with slide block, push plate device is fixedly installed push pedal, the surface coverage envelope upper strata of push pedal inner vertically part area or the entire area of section, the bottom of envelope bottom arranges one or more Sewage outlets, Sewage outlet is arranged on left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, the bottom of front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate, perhaps be arranged on the base plate of railway carriage or compartment, Sewage outlet is communicated with the inside of envelope and the outside of envelope, and Sewage outlet arranges sewage blow-down valve.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and dividing plate arranges a plurality of liquid-leaking nozzles that run through block board thickness, and a plurality of liquid-leaking nozzles are along surface uniform or the uneven distribution setting of dividing plate.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, liquid-leaking nozzle be shaped as circle, rectangle, triangle, elongated grooved, ellipse or equilateral hexagon.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and the upper surface of dividing plate is parallel with the upper surface of railway carriage or compartment base plate, and the upper surface of railway carriage or compartment base plate is parallel with horizontal surface.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, Vehicle body skeleton is set, Vehicle body skeleton is latticed framed structure, Vehicle body skeleton holds interior profile or the outline of envelope, railway carriage or compartment base plate, compartment top plate, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate are single layer structure, railway carriage or compartment base plate, compartment top plate, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate are arranged on the outside or inner of skeleton, and railway carriage or compartment base plate, compartment top plate, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate are captiveed joint with skeleton.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, Vehicle body skeleton is set, the body skeleton is latticed framed structure, Vehicle body skeleton arranges on the surface of envelope, railway carriage or compartment base plate, compartment top plate, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate are the double-decker that two-layer tabular spacing structure stacks, Vehicle body skeleton is arranged between the double-decker, and double-deck every one deck structure of railway carriage or compartment base plate, compartment top plate, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate is captiveed joint with Vehicle body skeleton respectively.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, mobile drive deivce is Mechanical Moving actuating device, hydraulic moving actuating device or pneumatic mobile drive deivce, the Mechanical Moving actuating device is electric pushrod, nut-screw mobile drive deivce or rack-and-gear mobile drive deivce, and the power of nut-screw mobile drive deivce or rack-and-gear mobile drive deivce is Electronmotive Force, aerodynamic force or hydraulic power.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate arrange observation window, observation window arranges observes fenestra and observation window transparent panel, observe the fenestra direct-view and be communicated with the inside of envelope and the outside of envelope, the material of observation window transparent panel is transparency glass plate or transparent engineering plastic flitch, and the observation window transparent panel is connected with the peripheral sealing of observing fenestra.
Be provided with the sanitation cart in the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set, autotruck two class chassis are set, the driving power on autotruck two class chassis is petrol power, diesel, liquefied natural gas (LNG) power and/or Electronmotive Force, the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set is fixedly installed on the autotruck two class chassis, and front railway carriage or compartment plate is towards the headstock direction on autotruck two class chassis.
Be provided with the sanitation cart in the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set, autotruck two class chassis are set, the driving power on autotruck two class chassis is petrol powers, diesel, liquefied natural gas (LNG) power and/or Electronmotive Force, the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set is fixedly installed on the body with frame, the rear end bottom in compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set is hinged with the rear portion on autotruck two class chassis, arrange between the railway carriage or compartment base plate lower surface at the front portion in compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate or middle part and the autotruck two class chassis hydraulic jacking device is set, front railway carriage or compartment plate is towards the headstock direction on autotruck two class chassis.
The sanitation cart that the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set and is provided with this environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of the present invention, the technique effect that adopts technique scheme to obtain is:
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, comprise envelope and garbage inlet, envelope is the railway carriage or compartment shape structure of sealing, the bottom of envelope arranges the railway carriage or compartment base plate, the top of envelope arranges the compartment top plate, the left and right sides side of envelope arranges respectively left railway carriage or compartment plate and right railway carriage or compartment plate, and the front and rear side of envelope arranges respectively front railway carriage or compartment plate and back carriage plate, can prevent that the rubbish dirt from spilling.Envelope arranges garbage inlet and/or garbage outlet, garbage inlet is arranged on front portion or the middle part of compartment top plate, garbage outlet is arranged on the top of back carriage plate, garbage inlet and garbage outlet are communicated with respectively the inside of envelope and the outside of envelope, garbage outlet arranges the garbage outlet lid, the garbage outlet cap seal closes garbage outlet, the rubbish and discharge rubbish of being convenient to pack into, and prevent that the rubbish dirt from spilling.Between railway carriage or compartment base plate and the compartment top plate dividing plate is set, dividing plate is platy structure, dividing plate arranges one or more liquid-leaking nozzles that run through block board thickness, dividing plate is envelope bottom and envelope upper strata with the envelope interior separation, can make the sewage in the rubbish flow into the envelope bottom by liquid-leaking nozzle, make rubbish and sewage realize separating.The contour shape of dividing plate and the interior shape of envelope are suitable, the periphery of dividing plate is tightly connected with the inside face of the left railway carriage or compartment plate of envelope, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and back carriage plate respectively, the rubbish that can prevent the envelope upper strata drains to the envelope bottom, destroys the separating effect of rubbish and sewage.The envelope upper strata arranges compression set, compression set arranges mobile drive deivce, runner device and push plate device, mobile drive deivce arranges mobile base and the mobile driving head of driving, the mobile base that drives is captiveed joint with envelope, mobile driving head is connected with the mobile base sliding that drives, mobile driving head arranges extended position and punctured position, runner device arranges elongated slideway and slide block, slide block is along length direction and the slideway sliding block joint of slideway, mobile driving head is captiveed joint with slider-actuated, distance between the length of slideway and the extended position of mobile driving head and the punctured position is suitable, the direction of mobile driving head from punctured position to extended position, point to the direction of back carriage plate for the past railway carriage or compartment plate, push plate device is captiveed joint with slide block, push plate device is fixedly installed push pedal, the surface coverage envelope upper strata of push pedal inner vertically part area or the entire area of section, can be by the extruding of push plate device, sewage in the rubbish is farthest separated with solid refuse, and leak to the envelope bottom, make sewage obtain centralized collection at the envelope bottom, simultaneously significantly reduce garbage bulk, make things convenient for garbage transporting.The bottom of envelope bottom arranges one or more Sewage outlets, Sewage outlet is arranged on the bottom of left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate, perhaps be arranged on the base plate of railway carriage or compartment, Sewage outlet is communicated with the inside of envelope and the outside of envelope, is convenient to sewage effluent.Sewage outlet arranges sewage blow-down valve, can prevent that sewage from spilling, and is convenient to concentrate to sewage storage facility sewage effluent.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and dividing plate arranges a plurality of liquid-leaking nozzles that run through block board thickness, can reduce the size of liquid-leaking nozzle, stops that refuse receptacle is to liquid storage tank.A plurality of liquid-leaking nozzles can be selected according to the production of liquid the density of setting of diverse location liquid-leaking nozzle along surface uniform or the uneven distribution setting of dividing plate, guarantee the smooth influent storage bin of liquid.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, liquid-leaking nozzle be shaped as circle, rectangle, triangle, elongated grooved, ellipse or equilateral hexagon, can provide multiple choices for the designing and making of liquid-leaking nozzle, be conducive to the carrying out of designing and making work.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and the upper surface of dividing plate is parallel with the upper surface of railway carriage or compartment base plate, and the upper surface of railway carriage or compartment base plate is parallel with horizontal surface, can improve the sewage amount of storage of envelope bottom, and the compression that adapts to the municipal refuse of various aqueous ingredientss separates and transportation.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, Vehicle body skeleton is set, can improve the strength and stiffness of envelope.Vehicle body skeleton is latticed framed structure, Vehicle body skeleton holds interior profile or the outline of envelope, the railway carriage or compartment base plate, the compartment top plate, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate are single layer structure, the railway carriage or compartment base plate, the compartment top plate, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate are arranged on the outside or inner of skeleton, the railway carriage or compartment base plate, the compartment top plate, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate are captiveed joint with skeleton, can utilize different set-up modes, form the different structure feature and different appearance effect of envelope inside and envelope outside, adapt to various application conditions.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, Vehicle body skeleton is set, can improve the strength and stiffness of envelope.The body skeleton is latticed framed structure, Vehicle body skeleton arranges on the surface of envelope, railway carriage or compartment base plate, compartment top plate, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate are the double-decker that two-layer tabular spacing structure stacks, Vehicle body skeleton is arranged between the double-decker, double-deck every one deck structure of railway carriage or compartment base plate, compartment top plate, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate is captiveed joint with Vehicle body skeleton respectively, can further improve the strength and stiffness of envelope, improve the appearance effect of envelope.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and mobile drive deivce is Mechanical Moving actuating device, hydraulic moving actuating device or pneumatic mobile drive deivce, can provide multiple choices for mobile drive deivce, is convenient to the Design and manufacture work of mobile drive deivce.The Mechanical Moving actuating device is electric pushrod, nut-screw mobile drive deivce or rack-and-gear mobile drive deivce, is convenient to type selecting and the design of Mechanical Moving actuating device.The power of nut-screw mobile drive deivce or rack-and-gear mobile drive deivce is Electronmotive Force, aerodynamic force or hydraulic power, can according to the specific works condition, select suitable power.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate arrange observation window, can conveniently observe state, the volume of rubbish and sewage in the compartment, observe the mode of operation of compression set.Observation window arranges observes fenestra and observation window transparent panel, observes the fenestra direct-view and is communicated with the inside of envelope and the outside of envelope, and the material of observation window transparent panel is transparency glass plate or transparent engineering plastic flitch, can guarantee observing effect.The observation window transparent panel is connected with the peripheral sealing of observing fenestra, can prevent that rubbish and sewage from leaking.
Be provided with the sanitation cart in the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set, autotruck two class chassis are set, the driving power on autotruck two class chassis is petrol power, diesel, liquefied natural gas (LNG) power and/or Electronmotive Force, can drive power by flexible choice, adapts to various usage conditions and environmental demands.The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set is fixedly installed on the autotruck two class chassis, can utilize the truck chassis of various power, cooperates with the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set, and the sanitation cart of sewage in the municipal refuse can be separated and transport to formation.Front railway carriage or compartment plate conveniently compresses rubbish towards the headstock direction on autotruck two class chassis, the convenient rubbish of discharging.
Be provided with the sanitation cart in the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set, autotruck two class chassis are set, the driving power on autotruck two class chassis is petrol power, diesel, liquefied natural gas (LNG) power and/or Electronmotive Force, can drive power by flexible choice, adapts to various usage conditions and environmental demands.The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set is fixedly installed on the body with frame, can utilize the truck chassis of various power, cooperates with the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set, and the sanitation cart of sewage in the municipal refuse can be separated and transport to formation.The rear end bottom in compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set is hinged with the rear portion on autotruck two class chassis, arrange between the railway carriage or compartment base plate lower surface at the front portion in compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate or middle part and the autotruck two class chassis hydraulic jacking device is set, make and to separate and to transport that the sanitation cart of sewage has self-unloading function in the municipal refuse, improve the Mechanization Level for the treatment of of urban garbage.Front railway carriage or compartment plate can conveniently compress rubbish towards the headstock direction on autotruck two class chassis, conveniently utilizes the self-unloading mode to discharge rubbish.
Use the sanitation cart that the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set and is provided with this environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of the present invention, can avoid the sewage in the rubbish to spill, prevent that the sewage in the municipal refuse from forming secondary pollution to urban highway, significantly reduce simultaneously garbage bulk, make things convenient for garbage transporting, the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set can be used separately, also can form sanitation cart and use, and effect is remarkable.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the side-looking structural representation that the present invention arranges the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate.
Fig. 2 be the present invention compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set vertically look closely structural representation.
Fig. 3 is the inside plan structure schematic diagram that the present invention arranges the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate.
Fig. 4 is the side-looking structural representation that compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that the present invention arranges dividing plate arranges Vehicle body skeleton.
Fig. 5 is the another kind of side-looking structural representation that compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that the present invention arranges dividing plate arranges Vehicle body skeleton.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation that the present invention is provided with the sanitation cart in the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation that the present invention is provided with the dump type sanitation car in the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set.
Fig. 8 is the hook connecting connection device structural representation that the present invention arranges the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment garbage outlet lid of dividing plate.
Fig. 9 is that the hand that the present invention arranges the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment garbage outlet lid of dividing plate is pulled elastic hook locking device structural representation.
Sign implication among the figure is as follows:
1-envelope, 2-garbage inlet, 3-railway carriage or compartment base plate, 4-compartment top plate, 5-left railway carriage or compartment plate, 6-right railway carriage or compartment plate, 7-front railway carriage or compartment plate, 8-back carriage plate, 9-dividing plate, 10-liquid-leaking nozzle, 11-compression set, 12-mobile drive deivce, 13-runner device, 14-push plate device, the 15-mobile base that drives, 16-mobile driving head, 17-slideway, 18-slide block, 19-roller, 20-push pedal, 21-Sewage outlet, 22-sewage blow-down valve, 23-autotruck, two class chassis, 24-the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate, 25-hydraulic jacking device be set, 26-support, 27-observation window, 28-observation fenestra, 29-observation window transparent panel, 30-hand is pulled the elastic hook locking device, 31-coupler body, 32-hand is pulled link, 33-spring, 34-envelope bottom, 35-envelope upper strata, 36-garbage outlet, 37-garbage outlet lid, 38-hook connecting connection device, 39-hook, 40-link, 41-set collar, 42-Hook, 43-garbage outlet lid hinge-point, 44-jacking hinge-point, 45-gib head, 46-Vehicle body skeleton, 47-bulkhead bracket.
The specific embodiment
The present invention arrange dividing plate compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment the side-looking structural representation as shown in Figure 1, the present invention arrange dividing plate compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment vertically look closely structural representation as shown in Figure 2, the present invention arrange dividing plate compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment inside plan structure schematic diagram as shown in Figure 3.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, comprise envelope 1 and garbage inlet 2, envelope 1 is the railway carriage or compartment shape structure of sealing, the bottom of envelope 1 arranges railway carriage or compartment base plate 3, and the top of envelope 1 arranges compartment top plate 4, and the left and right sides side of envelope 1 arranges respectively left railway carriage or compartment plate 5 and right railway carriage or compartment plate 6, the front and rear side of envelope 1 arranges respectively front railway carriage or compartment plate 7 and back carriage plate 8, envelope 1 arranges garbage inlet 2 and/or garbage outlet 36, and garbage inlet 2 is arranged on front portion or the middle part of compartment top plate 4, and garbage inlet 2 can arrange the garbage inlet lid.Garbage outlet 36 is arranged on the top of back carriage plate 8, and garbage inlet 2 and garbage outlet 36 are communicated with respectively the inside of envelope and the outside of envelope, and garbage outlet 36 arranges garbage outlet lid 37, and garbage outlet 37 cap seals close garbage outlet 36.
Between railway carriage or compartment base plate 3 and the compartment top plate 4 dividing plate 9 is set, dividing plate 9 is platy structure, dividing plate 9 arranges one or more liquid-leaking nozzles 10 that run through dividing plate 9 thickness, dividing plate 9 is envelope bottom 34 and envelope upper strata 35 with envelope 1 interior separation, the interior shape of the contour shape of dividing plate 9 and envelope 1 is suitable, and the periphery of dividing plate 9 is tightly connected with the inside face of the left railway carriage or compartment plate 5 of envelope 1, right railway carriage or compartment plate 6, front railway carriage or compartment plate 7 and back carriage plate 8 respectively.
Envelope upper strata 35 arranges compression set 11, compression set 11 arranges mobile drive deivce 12, runner device 13 and push plate device 14, mobile drive deivce 12 arranges mobile base 15 and the mobile driving head 16 of driving, the mobile base 15 that drives is captiveed joint with envelope 1, mobile driving head 16 and mobile base 15 sliding block joints that drive, mobile driving head 16 arranges extended position and punctured position, runner device 13 arranges elongated slideway 17 and slide block 18, slide block 18 is along length direction and slideway 17 sliding block joints of slideway 17, mobile driving head 16 drives with slide block 18 captives joint, and extended position and the distance between the punctured position of the length of slideway 17 and mobile driving head 16 are suitable.
The direction of mobile driving head 16 from punctured position to extended position is generally the in the past direction of railway carriage or compartment plate 7 sensing back carriage plates 8.
Usually mobile drive deivce 12 closes on the inwall setting of front railway carriage or compartment plate 7.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and slideway can contain the slide block sliding block joint, or slide block containing slideway sliding block joint, and the section form at slideway and slide block sliding block joint position is generally circle, rectangle, ellipse, dove-tail form or T-shaped.
In the accompanying drawing 1, slideway 17 be shaped as flute profile, transverse shape and the size of the contour shape of slide block 18 and size and slideway 17 are suitable, slideway 17 contains slide blocks 18, slide block 18 is along length direction and slideway 17 sliding block joints of slideway 17.
Slideway can also be the axle shape, the section form of axle shape slideway can be circle, rectangle, ellipse, dove-tail form, T-shaped or other polygons, slide block is generally the axle sleeve that contains axle shape slideway in this case, and slide block is along length direction and the slideway sliding block joint of slideway.
In order to reduce the friction force of 17 in slide block 18 and slideway, slide block 18 can arrange roller 19, and 17 in roller 19 and slideway are realized friction of rolling.Slide block shown in Fig. 1 18 just is provided with roller 19.
Usually in envelope 1 each side arrange one the cover runner device 13, runner device 13 can be arranged on left railway carriage or compartment plate 5 and/or the right railway carriage or compartment plate 6, also support 26 can be set, and runner device 13 is arranged on the support 26, as shown in Figure 1.
Push plate device 14 is captiveed joint with slide block 18, and push plate device 14 is fixedly installed push pedal 20, surface coverage envelope upper strata 35 inner vertically part area or the entire areas of section of push pedal 20.Usually between 90 degree, the upper end of push pedal 20 tilts to the shrinkage direction of mobile driving head 16 angle between the upper surface of the surface of push pedal 20 and railway carriage or compartment base plate 3 at 60 degree.
The bottom of envelope bottom 34 arranges one or more Sewage outlets 21, Sewage outlet 21 is arranged on the bottom of left railway carriage or compartment plate 5, right railway carriage or compartment plate 6, front railway carriage or compartment plate 7 and/or back carriage plate 8, perhaps be arranged on the railway carriage or compartment base plate 3, Sewage outlet 21 is communicated with the inside of envelope 1 and the outside of envelope 1, and Sewage outlet 21 arranges sewage blow-down valve 22.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and dividing plate 9 arranges a plurality of liquid-leaking nozzles 10 that run through block board thickness, and a plurality of liquid-leaking nozzles 10 are along surface uniform or the uneven distribution setting of dividing plate 9.During uneven distribution, the distribution density of garbage-compressing ultimate position liquid-leaking nozzle 10 is larger usually.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, liquid-leaking nozzle 10 be shaped as circle, rectangle, triangle, elongated grooved, ellipse or equilateral hexagon.Equilateral hexagon liquid-leaking nozzle 10 can be arranged as honeycomb.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and the position that liquid-leaking nozzle 10 is set can arrange screen cloth, and screen cloth covers the entire area of 1 liquid-leaking nozzle 10 or the entire area of a plurality of liquid-leaking nozzle 10,
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and screen cloth can be positioned at upper surface or the lower surface of dividing plate 9, and screen cloth is captiveed joint with upper surface or the lower surface of railway carriage or compartment base plate 3.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and when the leading dimensions of liquid-leaking nozzle 10 was larger, screen cloth can be captiveed joint with the peripheral of liquid-leaking nozzle 10, and the length of side of sieve screen apertures is generally 2 millimeters to 25 millimeters.The width of the length of side, radial dimension or elongated slot that the liquid-leaking nozzle 10 of screen cloth is not set is generally 2 millimeters to 25 millimeters.The distribution density of liquid-leaking nozzle 10 is larger generally speaking.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and the upper surface of dividing plate 9 is usually parallel with the upper surface of railway carriage or compartment base plate 3, and the upper surface of railway carriage or compartment base plate 3 is usually parallel with horizontal surface.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, Vehicle body skeleton 46 is set, Vehicle body skeleton 46 is latticed framed structure, Vehicle body skeleton 46 holds interior profile or the outline of envelope 1, railway carriage or compartment base plate 3, compartment top plate 4, left railway carriage or compartment plate 5, right railway carriage or compartment plate 6, front railway carriage or compartment plate 7 and/or back carriage plate 8 are single layer structure, railway carriage or compartment base plate 3, compartment top plate 4, left railway carriage or compartment plate 5, right railway carriage or compartment plate 6, front railway carriage or compartment plate 7 and/or back carriage plate 8 are arranged on the outside or inner of Vehicle body skeleton 46, and railway carriage or compartment base plate 3, compartment top plate 4, left railway carriage or compartment plate 5, right railway carriage or compartment plate 6, front railway carriage or compartment plate 7 and/or back carriage plate 8 are captiveed joint with Vehicle body skeleton 46.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, Vehicle body skeleton 46 is set, Vehicle body skeleton 46 is latticed framed structure, Vehicle body skeleton 46 arranges on the surface of envelope 1, the double-decker that railway carriage or compartment base plate 3, compartment top plate 4, left railway carriage or compartment plate 5, right railway carriage or compartment plate 6, front railway carriage or compartment plate 7 and/or back carriage plate 8 stack for two-layer tabular spacing structure, Vehicle body skeleton 46 is arranged between the double-decker, and double-deck every one deck structure of railway carriage or compartment base plate 3, compartment top plate 4, left railway carriage or compartment plate 5, right railway carriage or compartment plate 6, front railway carriage or compartment plate 7 and/or back carriage plate 8 is captiveed joint with Vehicle body skeleton 46 respectively.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, mobile drive deivce 12 is Mechanical Moving actuating device, hydraulic moving actuating device or pneumatic mobile drive deivce, the Mechanical Moving actuating device is electric pushrod, nut-screw mobile drive deivce or rack-and-gear mobile drive deivce, and the power of nut-screw mobile drive deivce or rack-and-gear mobile drive deivce is Electronmotive Force, aerodynamic force or hydraulic power.
A kind of embodiment of garbage outlet 36 is: the end face of garbage outlet 36 from top to bottom tilts to the back lower place, the end face of garbage outlet 36 and the angle between vertical surface are that 3 degree are to 10 degree, garbage outlet 36 arranges garbage outlet lid 37, garbage outlet lid 37 sealing garbage outlets 36.The back carriage plate 8 of garbage outlet 36 belows is from the bottom to top to the back upper place to inclination, and the surface of the back carriage plate 8 of garbage outlet 36 belows and the angle between horizontal surface are that 30 degree are to 50 degree.The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and the upper end of garbage outlet lid 37 and compartment top plate 4 or back carriage plate 8 are hinged, and the hinge-point 43 of garbage outlet lid 37 as shown in Figure 8.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, middle part or the bottom of garbage outlet lid 37, can and back carriage plate 8, left railway carriage or compartment plate 5 and/or right railway carriage or compartment plate 6 between hook connecting connection device 38 is set.
Hook connecting connection device 38 arranges hook 39 and link 40, hook 39 arranges set collar 41 and Hook 42, Hook 42 hangs fixedly sleeved with set collar 41, Hook 42 does not arrange gib head 43 with the end that set collar 41 is socketed, gib head 48 embeds socket with link 40, set collar 41 is captiveed joint with back carriage plate 8, left railway carriage or compartment plate 5 and/or right railway carriage or compartment plate 6 usually, and link 40 covers 37 with garbage outlet usually captives joint.
The present invention arrange dividing plate compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment garbage outlet lid hook connecting connection device structural representation as shown in Figure 8.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, middle part or the bottom of garbage outlet lid 37, can and back carriage plate 8, left railway carriage or compartment plate 5 and/or right railway carriage or compartment plate 6 between hand be set pull elastic hook locking device 30, hand pulls that elastic hook locking device 30 arranges coupler body 31, hand is pulled link 32 and spring 33, hand is pulled link 32 open position and locked position is set, pull link 32 at the open position hand and break away from coupler bodies 31, pull link 32 at the locked position hand and be connected with spring 33 elasticity and fasten with coupler body 31 elasticity.Hand is pulled in the elastic hook locking device 30, and common coupler body 31 covers 37 with garbage outlet captives joint.
The present invention arranges the hand of the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment garbage outlet lid of dividing plate and pulls elastic hook locking device structural representation as shown in Figure 9.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and the material of dividing plate 9 can be carbon steel sheet, stainless steel sheet and/or engineering plastic flitch.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and the coating preservative coat is recommended on the surface of the dividing plate 9 of carbon steel sheet, and preservative coat is anti-rust metal or engineering plastics normally.
In order to strengthen the strength and stability of dividing plate 9, between dividing plate 9 and envelope 1 or the railway carriage or compartment base plate 3 bulkhead bracket 47 can be set, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and the material of envelope 1 can be carbon steel sheet, stainless steel sheet and/or engineering plastic flitch.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and the material of the envelope 1 of the carbon steel sheet at least side surface in envelope 1 is recommended the coating preservative coat.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and screen cloth is carbon steel screen cloth, stainless steel mesh or engineering plastics screen cloth.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, and the surface of carbon steel screen cloth is the coating preservative coat usually.
The compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, left railway carriage or compartment plate 5, right railway carriage or compartment plate 6 and/or back carriage plate 8 arrange observation window 27, observation window 27 arranges observes fenestra 28 and observation window transparent panel 29, observe fenestra 28 direct-views and be communicated with the inside of envelope 1 and the outside of envelope 1, the material of observation window transparent panel 29 is transparency glass plate or transparent engineering plastic flitch, and observation window transparent panel 29 is connected with the peripheral sealing of observing fenestra 28.Can and observe between the fenestra 28 at observation window transparent panel 29, the packing element realization sealing that rubber or macromolecular material are made is set.
Be provided with the sanitation cart in the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set, autotruck two class chassis 23 are set, the driving power on autotruck two class chassis 23 is petrol power, diesel, liquefied natural gas (LNG) power and/or Electronmotive Force, the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment 24 that dividing plate is set is fixedly installed on the autotruck two class chassis 23, and front railway carriage or compartment plate 7 is towards the headstock direction on autotruck two class chassis 23.The direction of mobile driving head 16 from punctured position to extended position, the tailstock direction on sensing autotruck two class chassis 23.
The present invention be provided with the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set sanitation cart structural representation as shown in Figure 6.
Be provided with the sanitation cart in the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set, autotruck two class chassis 23 are set, the driving power on autotruck two class chassis 23 is petrol powers, diesel, liquefied natural gas (LNG) power and/or Electronmotive Force, the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment 24 that dividing plate is set is fixedly installed on the body with frame 23, front railway carriage or compartment plate 7 is towards the headstock direction on autotruck two class chassis 23, the rear end bottom in compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment 24 that dividing plate is set is hinged with the rear portion on autotruck two class chassis 23, arranges between railway carriage or compartment base plate 3 lower surfaces at the front portion in compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment 24 of dividing plate or middle part and the autotruck two class chassis 23 hydraulic jacking device 25 is set.
Garbage inlet 2 is arranged on front portion or the middle part of compartment top plate 4, and garbage outlet 36 is arranged on the top of back carriage plate 8.The direction of mobile driving head 16 from punctured position to extended position, the tailstock direction on sensing autotruck two class chassis 23.
The present invention be provided with the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set the dump type sanitation car structural representation as shown in Figure 7, jacking hinge-point 44 is as shown in Figure 7.
The present invention arranges the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate and is provided with the sanitation cart in this environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment; be not restricted to the described embodiments; every principle of the present invention and mode utilized passed through conversion, replacement and/or made up formed technical scheme, all in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set, comprise envelope and garbage inlet, it is characterized in that: envelope is the railway carriage or compartment shape structure of sealing, the bottom of described envelope arranges the railway carriage or compartment base plate, the top of described envelope arranges the compartment top plate, the left and right sides side of described envelope arranges respectively left railway carriage or compartment plate and right railway carriage or compartment plate, the front and rear side of described envelope arranges respectively front railway carriage or compartment plate and back carriage plate, described envelope arranges garbage inlet and/or garbage outlet, described garbage inlet is arranged on front portion or the middle part of described compartment top plate, described garbage outlet is arranged on the top of described back carriage plate, described garbage inlet and garbage outlet are communicated with respectively the inside of described envelope and the outside of described envelope, described garbage outlet arranges the garbage outlet lid, described garbage outlet cap seal closes described garbage outlet, between described railway carriage or compartment base plate and the described compartment top plate dividing plate is set, described dividing plate is platy structure, described dividing plate arranges one or more liquid-leaking nozzles that run through block board thickness, described dividing plate is envelope bottom and envelope upper strata with described envelope interior separation, the contour shape of described dividing plate and the interior shape of described envelope are suitable, the periphery of described dividing plate respectively with the left railway carriage or compartment plate of described envelope, right railway carriage or compartment plate, the inside face of front railway carriage or compartment plate and back carriage plate is tightly connected, described envelope upper strata arranges compression set, described compression set arranges mobile drive deivce, runner device and push plate device, described mobile drive deivce arranges mobile base and the mobile driving head of driving, the described mobile base that drives is captiveed joint with described envelope, described mobile driving head is connected with the described mobile base sliding that drives, described mobile driving head arranges extended position and punctured position, described runner device arranges elongated slideway and slide block, described slide block is along length direction and the described slideway sliding block joint of described slideway, described mobile driving head is captiveed joint with described slider-actuated, distance between the length of described slideway and the extended position of described mobile driving head and the punctured position is suitable, the direction of described mobile driving head from described punctured position to described extended position, for point to the direction of described back carriage plate from described front railway carriage or compartment plate, described push plate device is captiveed joint with described slide block, described push plate device is fixedly installed push pedal, the described envelope of the surface coverage of described push pedal upper strata inner vertically part area or the entire area of section, the bottom of described envelope bottom arranges one or more Sewage outlets, described Sewage outlet is arranged on described left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, the bottom of front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate, perhaps be arranged on the base plate of described railway carriage or compartment, described Sewage outlet is communicated with the inside of described envelope and the outside of described envelope, and described Sewage outlet arranges sewage blow-down valve.
2. the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dividing plate arranges a plurality of liquid-leaking nozzles that run through block board thickness, and a plurality of described liquid-leaking nozzles are along surface uniform or the uneven distribution setting of described dividing plate.
3. the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described liquid-leaking nozzle be shaped as circle, rectangle, triangle, elongated grooved, ellipse or equilateral hexagon.
4. the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the upper surface of described dividing plate is parallel with the upper surface of described railway carriage or compartment base plate, and the upper surface of described railway carriage or compartment base plate is parallel with horizontal surface.
5. the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: Vehicle body skeleton is set, described Vehicle body skeleton is latticed framed structure, described Vehicle body skeleton holds interior profile or the outline of described envelope, described railway carriage or compartment base plate, the compartment top plate, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate are single layer structure, described railway carriage or compartment base plate, the compartment top plate, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate are arranged on the outside or inner of described skeleton, described railway carriage or compartment base plate, the compartment top plate, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate are captiveed joint with described skeleton.
6. the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: Vehicle body skeleton is set, described Vehicle body skeleton is latticed framed structure, described Vehicle body skeleton arranges on the surface of described envelope, described railway carriage or compartment base plate, the compartment top plate, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate are the double-decker that two-layer tabular spacing structure stacks, described Vehicle body skeleton is arranged between the described double-decker, described railway carriage or compartment base plate, the compartment top plate, left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate, double-deck every one deck structure of front railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate is captiveed joint with described Vehicle body skeleton respectively.
7. the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described mobile drive deivce is Mechanical Moving actuating device, hydraulic moving actuating device or pneumatic mobile drive deivce, described Mechanical Moving actuating device is electric pushrod, nut-screw mobile drive deivce or rack-and-gear mobile drive deivce, and the power of described nut-screw mobile drive deivce or rack-and-gear mobile drive deivce is Electronmotive Force, aerodynamic force or hydraulic power.
8. the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described left railway carriage or compartment plate, right railway carriage or compartment plate and/or back carriage plate arrange observation window, described observation window arranges observes fenestra and observation window transparent panel, described observation fenestra direct-view is communicated with the inside of described envelope and the outside of described envelope, the material of described observation window transparent panel is transparency glass plate or transparent engineering plastic flitch, and described observation window transparent panel is connected with the peripheral sealing of described observation fenestra.
9. be provided with the sanitation cart that the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: autotruck two class chassis are set, the driving power on described autotruck two class chassis is petrol power, diesel, liquefied natural gas (LNG) power and/or Electronmotive Force, the described compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set is fixedly installed on the described autotruck two class chassis, and described front railway carriage or compartment plate is towards the headstock direction on described autotruck two class chassis.
10. be provided with the sanitation cart that the compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment of dividing plate is set claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: autotruck two class chassis are set, the driving power on described autotruck two class chassis is petrol powers, diesel, liquefied natural gas (LNG) power and/or Electronmotive Force, the described compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set is fixedly installed on the described body with frame, the bottom, rear end in the described compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set is hinged with the rear portion on described autotruck two class chassis, between the front portion in the described compression environmental sanitation railway carriage or compartment that dividing plate is set or the railway carriage or compartment base plate lower surface at middle part and the described autotruck two class chassis hydraulic jacking device is set, described front railway carriage or compartment plate is towards the headstock direction on described autotruck two class chassis.
CN2013100218577A 2013-01-21 2013-01-21 Compression type environmental sanitation compartment with clapboard and environmental sanitation vehicle with environmental sanitation compartment Pending CN103072775A (en)

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Application publication date: 20130501