CN103070101B - Ecological and environment-friendly fish larvae protection device - Google Patents

Ecological and environment-friendly fish larvae protection device Download PDF

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CN103070101B
CN103070101B CN 201210537222 CN201210537222A CN103070101B CN 103070101 B CN103070101 B CN 103070101B CN 201210537222 CN201210537222 CN 201210537222 CN 201210537222 A CN201210537222 A CN 201210537222A CN 103070101 B CN103070101 B CN 103070101B
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bottle
plastic bottle
large
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small plastic
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CN103070101A (en )
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俞存根
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浙江海洋学院
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, i.e. culture of aquatic animals

Abstract

本发明公开了一种生态环保的仔稚鱼保护装置,旨在提供一种成本低,内部结构复杂的适合仔稚鱼生长的生态环保型鱼礁。 The present invention discloses an eco-friendly fish larvae protection device designed to provide a low cost, complex internal structure suitable for the growth of fish larvae ecological, environmental reef. 它包括包括镂空的球体连接件、若干无底大塑料瓶、若干无底小塑料瓶A和至少一个有底小塑料瓶B,球体连接件由若干不同经度和纬度上的圆环组成,圆环上设置有若干螺纹孔,大塑料瓶通过瓶口螺纹与螺纹孔配合固定在球体外侧,小塑料瓶A和小塑料瓶B分别套进大塑料瓶里,并通过螺纹连接套管与大瓶口固定连接,大塑料瓶瓶身设置有若干圆孔。 It comprises a spherical connecting member comprises a hollow, bottomless several large plastic bottles, a plurality of bottomless small plastic bottle having a bottom and at least one A small plastic bottles B, the ball ring on the connecting member by a latitude and longitude of a number of different composition, ring is provided with a plurality of threaded holes, a large plastic bottle with a sphere fixed to the outside, a small plastic bottles A and B through the small plastic bottles and bottle thread into the threaded holes are large plastic bottle sleeve, and the sleeve is fixedly connected with the large bottle by a screw connection, a large plastic bottle is provided with a plurality of circular holes bottle. 本发明采用成本低,耐腐蚀,无毒环保的废弃塑料瓶建筑而成,具有海洋浮游生物附着面积大,内部空间复杂多变,同时又具有自净化能力的生态功能,非常适合仔稚鱼栖息生存。 The present invention is a low cost, corrosion-resistant, non-toxic and environmentally friendly building waste plastic bottles made with a large area of ​​adhesion of marine plankton, complex internal space, but also has the ability to self-cleaning function of ecological, very suitable habitat for fish larvae survive.

Description

一种生态环保的仔稚鱼保护装置 An eco-environmental protection of fish larvae

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种海水养殖领域,尤其是指一种保护仔稚鱼的人工鱼礁。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of marine aquaculture, particularly to a protective artificial reef fish larvae.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 由于人类活动的影响,海洋生物的种类和数量都在不断减少,保护海洋生物的品种和数量不仅要限制人类过渡捕捞的行为,更要保证海洋生物的幼苗能在安全健康的环境下成长,然而由于全球气候的变暖和海洋环境的恶化,自然鱼礁大量减少,使得鱼卵或仔稚鱼暴露在大鱼面前,无影遁形,加速了鱼类种群的灭绝。 [0002] Due to the impact of human activities, the types and quantities of marine organisms have continued to decline, to protect the variety and quantity of marine life is not only to limit human overfishing of behavior, but also to ensure that seedlings of marine life can, in a safe and healthy environment growth, however, due to the deterioration of the marine environment of global warming and climate, a significant reduction in natural reef fish, making eggs or fish larvae exposed in front of a big fish, shadowless hide, accelerated the extinction of fish stocks. 人工鱼礁作为保护、增殖鱼类,改善水域环境的一种方法,在世界范围内,尤其是美国和日本,投入大量人力和物力来研究和建造人工鱼礁,并取得了良好的生态效益和经济效益。 Artificial reefs as a protection, the proliferation of fish, a method of improving the water environment in the world, especially the United States and Japan, a lot of manpower and material resources to research and build artificial reefs, and have achieved good ecological and economic benefits. 近几年,随着中国政府对海洋资源开发的重视,为保护海洋生物的多样性和海洋资源开发的可持续性,大力投入人力物力进行人工鱼礁的开发和建造,同样产生了良好的效益。 In recent years, as the Chinese government attaches great importance to development of marine resources, for the protection of biodiversity and sustainable development of marine resources marine life, strong investment in human and material resources for the development and construction of artificial reefs, also produced good results .

[0003] 保护海洋物种的关键在于对仔稚鱼的保护,要求提供一个安全且食物充足的环境,这就要求人工鱼礁拥有较大的浮游生物附着面积和较复杂的内部结构空间,同时考虑人工鱼礁的经济性。 [0003] The key lies in the protection of marine species protection for fish larvae, and asked to provide a safe and adequate food environment, which requires artificial reefs have a larger area and plankton adhere more complex internal structure of space, taking into account economy artificial reefs. 目前最常用的人工鱼礁一般采用钢筋混凝土制成,如中国专利申请公告号:CN 102599081 A, 申请公告日2012年7月25日,公开了一种人工鱼礁,它包括人工鱼礁本体,人工鱼礁本体呈倒“Y”形状,所述呈倒"Y”形状的人工鱼礁木体由钢筋混凝土浇铸而成一体的上部单元、左下部单元及右下部单元所形成,下部单元呈垂直向下的“箭头”形状,其由上左斜柱、上中柱及上右斜柱所形成,左下部单元呈向上且偏右倾斜的“箭头”形状,其由左下左斜柱、左下中柱及左下右斜柱所形成,右下部单元呈向上且偏左倾斜的“箭头”形状,其由右下左刹柱、右下中柱及右下右斜柱所形成。 The most commonly used artificial reefs are generally made of reinforced concrete, such as Chinese Patent Application Publication No.: CN 102599081 A, Application Publication date July 25, 2012, discloses an artificial reef, which includes artificial reef body, this artificial reef substantially inverted "Y" shape, the upper unit form of an inverted "Y" shape of the wood body ARs cast integrally made of reinforced concrete, the lower left portion and the right lower portion of the unit cell is formed, the lower unit in a vertical down "arrow" shape, which is inclined from the left column, and the column of the right column of the formed obliquely lower left portion as a unit tilted upward and-right "arrow" shape, which is a left oblique lower left column, in the lower left lower left column and the right column is formed obliquely lower right and left portions inclined upwardly as a unit of "arrow" shape, which is formed by the left and right lower column brake, right lower column and right oblique lower right column. 该人工鱼礁通过组合堆叠构建鱼类产卵与栖息的场所,采用钢筋混凝土的人工鱼礁结构坚固可靠,且表面空隙多附着性能好,但是由于钢筋混凝土搭建鱼礁的结构较大,不能很好地保证鱼卵和仔稚鱼不被大鱼吃掉。 The artificial reef constructed by combining the stacking places fish spawning and habitat, sturdy and reliable artificial reefs reinforced concrete structure, and a multi-surface voids good adhesion properties, but because of a larger structure of reinforced concrete structures of the reef, it is not good to ensure that eggs and larvae being eaten by the big fish. 同时钢筋混凝土结构还存在造价高,运输不方便等问题。 Meanwhile reinforced concrete structures also exist high cost, convenient transportation and other issues.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明为了克服人工鱼礁造价高,内部结构简单,不适合仔稚鱼生存的问题,提供了一种成本低,内部结构复杂的适合仔稚鱼生长的生态环保型鱼礁。 [0004] The present invention is to overcome the high cost of artificial reef, a simple internal structure, is not suitable for fish larvae survival problem, a low-cost, complex internal structure suitable for the growth of fish larvae ecological, environmental reef.

[0005] 本发明的一种生态环保的仔稚鱼保护装置,包括中空的球体连接件、若干无底大塑料瓶、若干无底小塑料瓶A和至少一个有底小塑料瓶B,所述的球体连接件由若干不同经度和纬度上的圆环组成,所述的圆环上设置有若干螺纹孔,所述的大塑料瓶通过瓶口螺纹与螺纹孔配合固定在球体外侧,所述的小塑料瓶A套进大塑料瓶里,并通过螺纹连接套管与大瓶口固定连接,所述的小塑料瓶B套进大塑料瓶里,并通过螺纹连接套管与大瓶口固定连接,所述的大塑料瓶瓶身设置有若干圆孔,所述的小塑料瓶A瓶身设置有若干圆孔,所述的小塑料瓶B瓶身设置有若干条形槽。 [0005] A present invention is eco-friendly fish larvae protection device comprising a hollow spherical connecting member, a plurality of bottomless large plastic bottles, a plurality of bottomless small plastic bottle having a bottom and at least one A small plastic bottle B, the ball ring by a connecting member on the latitude and longitude of a number of different composition, provided with a plurality of threaded holes on the ring, said large ball fixed to the outside of plastic bottles, the bottle thread mating with the threaded through bore a small plastic bottle into large plastic bottle sleeve, and the sleeve is fixedly connected by screwing to a large bottle, a small plastic bottle set into large plastic bottle B, and is fixedly connected by screwing the sleeve with the large bottle, the large plastic bottle bottle provided with a plurality of said circular hole, a small plastic bottle is provided with a plurality of circular holes a bottle, a plastic bottle small bottle B is provided with a plurality of stripe groove.

[0006] 本发明采用可乐,矿泉水等饮料塑料瓶作为鱼礁的主体材料,这种塑料瓶在我们日常生活中消耗量很大,并经常被丢弃,全世界每年大约要消耗3000亿个塑料瓶,由于塑料瓶属于非生物降解材料,在自然环境中大概需要500-1000年才能完全消失,因此传统采用焚烧的处理方法,不仅污染环境还浪费能源,回收和二次利用塑料瓶是最好的处理方法。 [0006] The present invention employs cola, mineral water and other beverages plastic bottles reef fish as a main material, which consumed a large plastic bottles in our daily lives, and are often discarded, the world consumes about 300 billion plastic per year bottles, because the plastic bottles are non-biodegradable material, takes about 500 in the natural environment - the 1000 to completely disappear, so traditional treatment methods incineration, not only pollute the environment but also a waste of energy, recycling and secondary use of plastic bottles is the best approach. 由于塑料瓶主要材料为聚乙烯或聚丙烯,在低温环境下对人和动物都是无毒无公害的,而且具有高比强度,高耐磨性和高抗腐蚀性等特点,满足人工鱼礁建礁材料要求,同时废弃塑料瓶来源广,价格低,密度小,不仅解决了传统鱼礁材料造价高,重量大不易运输的问题,而且解决了环保问题。 Since the main material for plastic bottles of polyethylene or polypropylene, in a low temperature environment pollution not toxic to humans and animals, and has the characteristics of high specific strength, high wear resistance and high corrosion resistance, etc., to meet the ARs built reef material requirements, while discarded plastic bottles wide source, low price, low density, not only to solve the high cost of traditional artificial reef material, easy to transport large weight problem, and solve environmental problems. 与钢筋混粘土鱼礁大尺寸相比,塑料具有很好的易塑性和易加工特点,塑料瓶的尺寸相对较小,瓶壁薄,质量轻但比强度大,在瓶身开孔和去瓶底都很容易实现,其瓶身的容器空间和瓶壁多孔结构增加了结构的复杂性,本发明中将小塑料瓶套进大塑料瓶里,小塑料瓶的瓶口与大塑料瓶的瓶口通过一螺纹连接套管形成固定连接,而大塑料瓶的瓶口螺纹连接到预制有相应螺纹孔的球体连接件上,并形成球形放射状结构,球形连接件采用不锈钢制成,球形结构很好地利用了塑料瓶底大头小的结构特点,该结构利用较少的瓶子连接成具有较大的外触面积和内部空间的人工鱼礁,较大的外触面积能附着更多的富有生物,吸引跟多的鱼来觅食,达到聚鱼效果,塑料瓶半封闭空间里具有稳定的水流和阴影空间,给鱼安全感,使之能在瓶内产卵,从而提高仔稚鱼的 Compared with reinforced concrete reef large clay, plastic with good plastic workability and easy processing characteristics, plastic bottles of relatively small size, thin wall of the bottle, but the mass ratio of the intensity of light, and the bottle to bottle openings bottom are easy to implement, and which container space bottle sidewall porous structure increases the complexity of the structure, in the present invention is set into a small plastic bottle large plastic bottle, a plastic bottle small bottle with large plastic bottle, a fixed connection port is formed by a threaded connecting sleeve, large plastic bottles and bottle thread is connected to the connecting member on the ball prefabricated with corresponding threaded hole, and the spherical radial structure is formed, the spherical connection member made of stainless steel, good spherical structure use of a plastic bottle of the structural characteristics of small bulk, the structure of the bottle with less ARs connected to have larger outer contact area and an interior space, a larger contact area can be attached to the outer more rich biological, with many fish to attract foraging, achieve the effect of poly fish, plastic bottles semi-enclosed space with a stable stream of water and shade space, giving the fish a sense of security, so that it can spawn in the bottle, thereby enhancing the larvae 活率,大瓶套小瓶的双层塑料瓶结构使鱼礁的内部空间更加复杂多变,内瓶的透光性能更差,增加安全感。 Viability, a large double-layer structure of a plastic bottle of the vial bottle cover the internal space of the reef is more complex, the light transmission properties of the bottle worse, increase security.

[0007] 作为优选,所述的螺纹连接套管为带轴肩的套管,所述套管直径较大一端的管内壁设置有内螺纹,该内螺纹与小塑料瓶A或小塑料瓶B的瓶口螺纹配合,所述螺纹连接套管较小一端管外壁与大塑料瓶瓶口内壁配合,所述的螺纹连接套管直径较小一端沿圆截面设置有三角圆环卡口,在三角圆环卡口处沿轴线方向设置有两条长槽。 [0007] Advantageously, the threaded sleeve is connected with a shaft shoulder sleeve, the inner wall of the larger diameter end of the sleeve is provided with an internal thread, the internal thread A small plastic bottles or small plastic bottles B the bottle thread with the threaded outer wall of the connecting tube an inner wall of the large plastic bottles bottle with the small end of the sleeve, the diameter of the threaded sleeve is connected triangular bayonet ring in the smaller end of circular cross-section, triangular the bayonet ring in the axial direction is provided with two long grooves. 带轴肩的螺纹连接套管作为连接小塑料瓶和大塑料瓶的连接件,其直径较大一端的管内壁设置有内螺纹,与小塑料瓶的瓶口形成螺纹连接,直径较小一端的套管由大塑料瓶瓶口的底端穿至瓶口顶端,并通过套管端面的三角圆环卡口卡住大塑料瓶瓶口端面进行轴向限位。 The threaded sleeve is connected with a shoulder connecting member connecting small plastic bottles and large plastic bottles, having a diameter larger end of the inner wall is provided with an internal thread, is connected to the threaded finish small plastic bottles, smaller diameter end sleeve worn by a large plastic bottle bottle bottom to the top of the bottle, and axial stop large plastic bottles stuck bottle annular end surface of the triangular bayonet sleeve end face. 其中三角圆环卡口处沿轴线方向设置有两条长槽,使得卡口沿径向具有一定弹性,安装时比较省力。 Wherein the cam ring in the axial direction of the mount is provided with two elongated slots, such that the radial rim has a certain elasticity card, comparing the installation time and effort.

[0008] 作为优选,所述的小塑料瓶B内设置有棉絮团,所述的棉絮团内设置有海带孢子。 [0008] Advantageously, there is provided a batt groups in small plastic bottles B, within the group is provided with a batt Laminaria. 小塑料瓶B为有底塑料瓶,所以棉絮团不会从瓶子里掉出,由于塑料瓶一般为透明材料,在一定的水温和光照条件下海带孢子会慢慢生长,而海带的根会牢牢扎根在棉絮团里,海带主体则穿过小塑料瓶B的条形长孔向外生长,虽然海带的生长周期较长,长达数月至一年,但是海带的形成将大幅提闻鱼碟的生态环境,使鱼碟更显自然,浮游生物的附着率更闻,海带柔软密集的条形空间很适合躲避大鱼追捕,同时也是产卵的好产所,海带生长过程中能吸收周边海洋生物的排泄物,强化水体净化能力,适合仔稚鱼的生存和生长。 B is a small plastic bottle having a bottom plastic bottles, so batt group falling out from the bottle, because plastic bottles are generally of a transparent material, Laminaria slowly grown under certain temperature and lighting conditions, and will firmly root kelp regiment firmly rooted in cotton, seaweed body through the strip-shaped elongated hole of small plastic bottles B outgrowth, although longer kelp growth cycle, as long as several months to a year, but the steep increase of formation of seaweed smell of fish the ecological environment of the dish, the fish dish is more natural, more smell attachment rate of plankton, kelp soft, dense bar space is suitable for fish to escape capture, but also the spawning of good production, kelp growth process can absorb the surrounding marine life excrement, strengthen water purification capability, suitable for fish larvae survival and growth.

[0009] 作为优选,所述的小塑料瓶B瓶底设置有若干条形长孔。 [0009] Advantageously, the small plastic bottle B is provided with a plurality of strip-shaped bottom long holes. 由于鱼礁在投掷过程中并没有固定朝向,为了保证小塑料瓶B内海带孢子在生长过程中尽可能不受瓶子约束,在小塑料瓶B瓶底设置有若干条形长孔。 Since the reef is not fixed towards the throwing process, in order to ensure a small plastic bottle from the bottle B Laminaria constraints as much during growth, a small plastic bottle B is provided with a plurality of strip-shaped bottom long holes.

[0010] 作为优选,所述的球体连接件内空间设置有棉絮团,所述的棉絮团里设置有海藻孢子。 [0010] Advantageously, the inner space of said connecting member is provided with a ball batt group, said batt regiment provided seaweed spores. 吸水膨胀后的棉絮团不易从中空的球体连接件中掉出,棉絮团里的海藻孢子会在合适的条件下会发育成海藻并不断繁殖,从而吸引小鱼过来觅食 Cotton group after the swelling is not easy to hollow spheres falling out connector, cotton regiment algae spores will develop into algae under appropriate conditions and continue to breed, to attract the fish come to feed

[0011] 作为优选,利用一根绳子穿过所有小塑料瓶A和小塑料瓶B靠近瓶底的孔连成一立体结构的外罩网。 [0011] Advantageously, the use of a rope passing through all the small plastic bottles A and B small plastic bottles near a bottom perspective view of the housing structure Kong Liancheng network. 绳子穿过瓶底的孔洞连接成一立体结构的外罩网,复杂的网状结构能限制瓶子产生大角度的旋转,从而保证整体结构的牢固性,在海底抛掷该类型鱼礁时,外罩网能防止鱼礁之间相互交叉。 When the rope through the bottom holes connected to a three-dimensional network structure of the housing, a complicated network structure to limit rotation of the bottles to produce a large angle in order to ensure firmness of the overall structure, the throw type reef on the seabed, the housing can be prevented network cross-cutting between reef fish. 同时也为小鱼躲避大鱼时提供了更为复杂的躲避空间。 But also for small fish to provide a more sophisticated space to avoid the big fish escape.

[0012] 作为更优选,所述的绳子为双股麻绳。 [0012] More preferable, the rope is a double-stranded rope. 双股麻绳粗糙的表面很容易附着藻类等浮游生物,为仔稚鱼生长提供跟多食物来源。 Double-strand rope rough surface is easily attached to algae and other plankton, fish larvae as a food source provided with more growth.

[0013] 因此,本发明具有如下有益效果:(I)废弃塑料瓶作为鱼礁建礁材料具有来源广,成本低,无毒,耐磨,耐腐蚀,使用寿命长的特点;(2)塑料瓶半封闭空间里具有稳定的水流和阴影空间,给鱼安全感,使之能在瓶内产卵栖息;(3)利用瓶口螺纹结构进行组装配合,装配方式简单方便;(4)大瓶套小瓶的双层塑料瓶结构以及瓶壁多孔特性使鱼礁的内部空间更加复杂多变,增加仔稚鱼躲避几率;(5)海带能改善水体净化能力,提供更多浮游生物附着面积和仔稚鱼栖息空间。 [0013] Accordingly, the present invention has the following advantages: (I) as discarded plastic bottles reef fish reef construction material having a wide source and low cost, non-toxic, wear resistance, corrosion resistance, and long service life; (2) Plastic bottle semi-enclosed space having a steady stream and the shadow space, a sense of security to the fish, so that it can spawn perched on the bottle; (3) using the structure to be assembled with a threaded finish, easy assembly methods; (4) sets of large bottles double plastic bottle, and the bottle wall structure vials porous nature of the internal space of the reef is more complex, increase the probability of escape of fish larvae and juveniles; (5) seaweed can improve the water purification capacity, providing more attachment area plankton larvae and juveniles fish habitat space.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014] 图1是本发明实施例的结构示意图; [0014] FIG. 1 is a block diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;

[0015] 图2是本发明实施例中大小塑料瓶连接结构的剖视图; [0015] FIG. 2 is a sectional view of the connection structure of the plastic bottle size embodiment of the present invention;

[0016] 图3是本发明实施例中小塑料瓶B的结构示意图; [0016] FIG. 3 is a block diagram of the embodiment B of the small plastic bottle of the present invention;

[0017] 图4是本发明实施例中螺纹连接套管正视图; [0017] FIG. 4 is a diagram of the embodiment of the present invention connected to a threaded sleeve elevational view;

[0018] 图中:1.球体连接件、2.大塑料瓶、3.小塑料瓶A、4.小塑料瓶B、5.圆环、6.螺纹孔、7.螺纹连接套管、8.圆孔、9.条形槽、10.棉絮团、11.海带孢子、12.海藻孢子、13.长孔、14.绳子、71.内螺纹、72.三角圆环卡口、73.长槽。 [0018] FIG.:.... The ball connector 1, two large plastic bottles, small plastic bottles 3 A, 4 small plastic bottles B, 5 annular, threaded holes 6, 7 threaded sleeve 8. circular hole, 9. stripe groove 10. batt group, 11. Laminaria, 12. algae spores, 13. long hole 14. rope, 71 inner thread, 72 triangular bayonet ring, 73. long groove.

[0019] 具体实施方式 [0019] DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0020] 下面结合附图对本发明作进一步的描述。 [0020] The following figures present invention will be further described in connection with.

[0021] 在图1、图2和图3的实施例中,本发明的一种生态环保的仔稚鱼保护装置,包括中空的球体连接件1、若干无底大塑料瓶2、若干无底小塑料瓶A3和两个有底小塑料瓶B4,球体连接件I由三个相互垂直的圆环5组成,圆环5上等角度设置有若干螺纹孔6,大塑料瓶2通过瓶口螺纹与螺纹孔6配合固定在球体外侧,小塑料瓶A3套进大塑料瓶2里,并通过螺纹连接套管7与大瓶口固定连接,小塑料瓶B4套进大塑料瓶2里,并通过螺纹连接套管7与大瓶口固定连接,大塑料瓶2瓶身均匀设置若干圆孔8,小塑料瓶A3瓶身均匀设置有若干圆孔8,小塑料瓶B4瓶身沿轴线方向均匀设置有若干条形槽9。 [0021] In the embodiment of FIG 1, FIG 2 and FIG 3, a method according to the present invention is eco-friendly fish larvae protection device comprising a hollow ball connector 1, a number of large plastic bottles 2 without a bottom, a plurality of bottomless A3 and two small plastic bottles bottomed small plastic bottle B4, the ball connection I consists of three mutually perpendicular ring 5 composed of equal angular ring 5 is provided with a plurality of threaded holes 6, a large plastic bottle by bottle thread 2 6 with threaded hole fixed to the outside the sphere, set into a small plastic bottle A3 large plastic bottles 2, the sleeve 7 and is connected fixedly connected with the large bottle, a small plastic bottle B4 is nested in a large plastic bottle 2 by screwing and threadably connector sleeve 7 is fixedly connected with the large bottle, plastic bottle large bottle 2 is provided a plurality of circular holes 8 evenly, even small plastic bottles bottle A3 plurality of circular holes 8 is provided with a small plastic bottle B4 in the axial direction of the bottle is provided with a plurality of uniformly stripe groove 9.

[0022]本发明采用可乐,矿泉水等饮料塑料瓶作为鱼礁的主体材料,这些塑料瓶在我们日常生活中消耗量很大,并经常丢弃,全世界每年大约要消耗3000亿个塑料瓶,由于塑料瓶属于非生物降解材料,在自然环境中大概需要500-1000年才能完全消失,因此传统采用焚烧的处理方法,不仅污染环境还浪费能源,回收和二次利用塑料瓶是最好的处理方法。 [0022] The present invention employs cola, mineral water and other beverages plastic bottles of reef fish as a main material, these plastic bottles consumed widely in our daily lives, and often discarded, the world consumes about 300 billion plastic bottles a year, As the plastic bottles are non-biodegradable material, takes about 500 in the natural environment - the 1000 to completely disappear, so traditional treatment methods incineration, not only pollute the environment but also a waste of energy, recycling and secondary use of plastic bottles is the best deal method. 由于塑料瓶主要材料为聚乙烯或聚丙烯,在低温环境下对人和动物都是无毒无公害的,而且具有高比强度,高耐磨性和高抗腐蚀性等特点,满足人工鱼礁建礁材料要求,同时废弃塑料瓶来源广,价格低,密度小,不仅解决了传统鱼礁材料造价高,重量大不易运输的问题,而且解决了环保问题。 Since the main material for plastic bottles of polyethylene or polypropylene, in a low temperature environment pollution not toxic to humans and animals, and has the characteristics of high specific strength, high wear resistance and high corrosion resistance, etc., to meet the ARs built reef material requirements, while discarded plastic bottles wide source, low price, low density, not only to solve the high cost of traditional artificial reef material, easy to transport large weight problem, and solve environmental problems. 与钢筋混粘土鱼礁大尺寸相比,塑料具有很好的易塑性和易加工特点,塑料瓶的尺寸相对较小,瓶壁薄,质量轻但比强度大,在瓶身开孔和去瓶底都很容易实现,其瓶身的容器空间和瓶壁多孔结构增加了结构的复杂性,本发明中将小塑料瓶套进大塑料瓶2里,小塑料瓶的瓶口与大塑料瓶2的瓶口通过一螺纹连接套管7形成固定连接,而大塑料瓶2的瓶口螺纹连接到预制有相应螺纹孔6的球体连接件I上,并形成球形放射状结构,球形连接件采用不锈钢制成,球形结构很好地利用了塑料瓶底大头小的结构特点,该结构利用较少的瓶子连接成具有较大的外触面积和内部空间的人工鱼礁,较大的外触面积能附着更多的富有生物,吸引跟多的鱼来觅食,达到聚鱼效果,塑料瓶半封闭空间里具有稳定的水流和阴影空间,给鱼安全感,使之能在瓶内产卵,从而提高仔稚 Compared with reinforced concrete reef large clay, plastic with good plastic workability and easy processing characteristics, plastic bottles of relatively small size, thin wall of the bottle, but the mass ratio of the intensity of light, and the bottle to bottle openings bottom are easy to implement, which container space and the bottle sidewall porous structure increases the complexity of the structure, in the present invention is a small plastic bottle sleeve 2 into large plastic bottles, the plastic bottles of a small bottle with large plastic bottles 2 the bottle is connected by a threaded bushing 7 form a fixed connection, and a large plastic bottle bottle screw 2 is connected to a corresponding threaded hole preformed spherical body 6 is connected to the member I, and the formation of spherical radial structure, the spherical connection member made of stainless steel to, spherical structure good use of small plastic bottle structural characteristics of the bulk, the structure utilizes fewer bottle connected with an outer contact area ARs and a large interior space, a larger contact area can be attached to the outer more full of creatures, with many fish to attract foraging, achieve the effect of poly fish, plastic bottles semi-enclosed space with a stable stream of water and shade space, giving the fish a sense of security, so that it can spawn in the bottle, thus improving larvae and juveniles 的存活率,大瓶套小瓶的双层塑料瓶结构以及瓶壁多孔特性使鱼礁的内部空间更加复杂多变,增加仔稚鱼躲避几率。 Survival, large bilayer structures plastic bottle and bottle cover vial bottle wall porous nature of the internal space of the artificial reef is more complex, increasing the chance of escape of fish larvae and juveniles.

[0023] 在图4中,螺纹连接套管7为带轴肩的套管,套管直径较大一端的管内壁设置有内螺纹71,该内螺纹71与小塑料瓶A3或小塑料瓶B4的瓶口螺纹配合,螺纹连接套管7较小一端管外壁与大塑料瓶2瓶口内壁配合,螺纹连接套管7直径较小一端沿圆截面设置有三角圆环卡口72,在三角圆环卡口72处沿轴线方向设置有两条长槽73。 [0023] In Figure 4, sleeve 7 is connected with the threaded shaft shoulder of the sleeve, the larger diameter end of the sleeve inner wall is provided with an internal thread 71, inner thread 71 and the small plastic bottles or small plastic bottles A3 B4 the bottle screw fit, threaded sleeve 7 is connected with the outer wall of the smaller end of the tube 2 large plastic bottles with bottle inner wall, diameter of the threaded sleeve 7 with a bayonet cam ring 72 along the small end of circular cross-section, triangular circular ring 72 in the axial direction of the mount 73 is provided with two long grooves. 带轴肩的螺纹连接套管7作为连接小塑料瓶和大塑料瓶2的连接件,其直径较大一端的管内壁设置有内螺纹71,与小塑料瓶的瓶口形成螺纹连接,直径较小一端的套管由大塑料瓶2瓶口的底端穿至瓶口顶端,并通过套管端面的三角圆环卡口72卡住大塑料瓶2瓶口端面进行轴向限位。 A shoulder belt connected to the threaded shaft sleeve 7 is connected as a large plastic bottles and small plastic bottle coupling member 2, the larger diameter end of the inner wall is provided with an internal thread 71, is connected to the threaded finish small plastic bottle diameter than the small end of the sleeve through the bottom end of large plastic bottles 2 to the top of the bottle finish, and by limiting the axial end surface of cam sleeve the bayonet ring 72 stuck bottle large end surface 2 plastic bottles. 其中三角圆环卡口72处沿轴线方向设置有两条长槽73,使得卡口沿径向具有一定弹性,安装时比较省力。 Wherein the bayonet cam ring 72 in the axial direction is provided with two long grooves 73, so that the radial rim has a certain elasticity card, comparing the installation time and effort.

[0024] 小塑料瓶B4内设置有棉絮团10,棉絮团10内设置有海带孢子11,瓶底设置有若干条形长孔13。 [0024] B4 disposed inside a small plastic bottle with a cotton group 10, group 10 is provided with the batting 11 Laminaria, a number of strip-shaped elongated holes 13 disposed bottom. 小塑料瓶B4为有底塑料瓶,所以棉絮团10不会从瓶子里掉出,由于塑料瓶一般为透明材料,在一定的水温和光照条件下海带孢子11会慢慢生长,而海带的根会牢牢扎根在棉絮团10里,海带主体则穿过小塑料瓶B4的条形长孔13向外生长,由于鱼礁在投掷过程中并没有固定朝向,为了保证小塑料瓶B4内海带孢子11在生长过程中尽可能不受瓶子约束,在小塑料瓶B4瓶底设置有若干条形长孔13虽然海带的生长周期较长,长达数月至一年,但是海带的形成将大幅提高鱼礁的生态环境,使鱼礁更显自然,浮游生物的附着率更高,海带柔软密集的条形空间很适合躲避大鱼追捕,同时也是产卵的好产所,海带生长过程中能吸收周边海洋生物的排泄物,强化水体净化能力,适合仔稚鱼的生存和生长。 Small plastic bottle B4 bottomed plastic bottles, the batt 10 groups falling out from the bottle, because plastic bottles are generally of a transparent material, Laminaria 11 will slowly grow under certain temperature and lighting conditions, and the root of kelp regiment will be firmly rooted in the batt 10, the seaweed is through a small plastic bottle body stripe elongated hole 13 B4 outgrowth, since the reef is not fixed towards the throwing process, in order to ensure a small plastic bottle B4 Laminaria 11 in the growth process is not bound by the bottle as far as possible, in a small plastic bottle B4 bottom bar is provided with a number of long holes 13 although longer kelp growth cycle, as long as several months to a year, but will greatly enhance the formation of kelp the ecological environment of reef fish, reef fish make more natural, higher attachment rate of plankton, kelp soft, dense bar space is suitable for fish to escape capture, but also the spawning of good production, kelp can absorb the growth process excrement surrounding marine life, water purification strengthen the capacity for survival and growth of larvae.

[0025] 球体连接件I内空间设置有棉絮团10,所述的棉絮团10里设置有海藻孢子12。 [0025] I the ball connector is provided with a space group of batt 10, where the batt 10 is provided with a group of 12 algal spores. 吸水膨胀后的棉絮团10不易从中空的球体连接件I中掉出,棉絮团10里的海藻孢子12会在合适的条件下会发育成海藻并不断繁殖,在鱼礁投放初期,礁体浮游生物附着率不高的情况下,为仔稚鱼提供食物。 10 easily from the hollow spheres batt group after the water-swellable connection I falling out, cotton group 10 in the algae spores 12 may be develop into algae under suitable conditions and continue to multiply, served early in the reefs, of the reef planktonic under biofouling rate is not high, provide food for fish larvae. 用一根双股麻绳穿过所有小塑料瓶A和小塑料瓶B4靠近瓶底的孔连成一立体结构的外罩网。 With one pair of rope passes through all shares A small plastic bottles and plastic bottles B4 small mesh cover a bottom perspective view of the structure near Kong Liancheng. 双股麻绳粗糙的表面很容易附着藻类等浮游生物,为仔稚鱼生长提供跟多食物来源,绳子14穿过瓶底的孔洞连接成一立体结构的外罩网,复杂的网状结构能限制瓶子产生大角度的旋转,从而保证整体结构的牢固性,在海底抛掷该类型鱼礁时,外罩网能防止鱼礁之间相互交叉。 Double-strand rope rough surface is easily attached algae plankton, fish larvae to provide a connection with more food sources, the rope through the bottom hole of the housing 14 into a three-dimensional network structure is grown, complex network structure can restrict bottle when generating a large angle of rotation, in order to ensure robustness of the overall structure, the throw type reef on the seabed, the outer cover web can be prevented from crossing each other reef. 同时也为小鱼躲避大鱼时提供了更为复杂的躲避空间。 But also for small fish to provide a more sophisticated space to avoid the big fish escape.

[0026] 本发明的一种生态环保的仔稚鱼保护装置采用成本低,耐腐蚀,无毒环保的废弃塑料瓶建筑而成,具有海洋浮游生物附着面积大,内部空间复杂多变,同时又具有自净化能力的生态功能,非常适合仔稚鱼栖息生存。 [0026] A present invention is eco-friendly fish larvae protection device with a low cost, corrosion-resistant, non-toxic and environmentally friendly building waste plastic bottles made with large adhesion area plankton, complex internal space, while ecological function with self-purification capacity, very suitable habitat for fish larvae survival.

Claims (5)

1.一种生态环保的仔稚鱼保护装置,其特征在于,包括中空的球体连接件(I)、若干无底大塑料瓶(2)、若干无底小塑料瓶A (3)和至少一个有底小塑料瓶B (4),所述的球体连接件(I)由若干不同经度和纬度上的圆环(5)组成,所述的圆环(5)上设置有若干螺纹孔(6),所述的大塑料瓶(2)通过瓶口螺纹与螺纹孔(6)配合固定在球体外侧,所述的小塑料瓶A (3)套进大塑料瓶(2)里,并通过螺纹连接套管(7)与大瓶口固定连接,所述的小塑料瓶B (4)套进大塑料瓶(2)里,并通过螺纹连接套管(7)与大瓶口固定连接,所述的大塑料瓶(2)瓶身设置有若干圆孔(8),所述的小塑料瓶A (3)瓶身设置有若干圆孔(8),所述的小塑料瓶B (4)瓶身设置有若干条形槽(9),所述的螺纹连接套管(7)为带轴肩的套管,所述套管直径较大一端的管内壁设置有内螺纹(71),该内螺纹(71)与小塑料瓶A (3)或小塑料瓶B (4)的 An eco-friendly protection of fish larvae and juveniles, wherein the connector comprises a hollow sphere (the I), a plurality of bottomless large plastic bottle (2), a plurality of bottomless small plastic bottles A (3) and at least one bottomed small plastic bottle B (4), the ball connector (I) by a ring (5) on the latitude and longitude of a number of different composition, said ring (5) is provided with a plurality of threaded holes (6 a ), a large plastic bottle (2) fixed to the outside fitting sphere, a small plastic bottle a bottle screw through the screw holes (6) (3) set into a large plastic bottle (2) in and threadably connecting sleeve (7) is fixedly connected with the large bottle, a small plastic bottle B (4) set into a large plastic bottle (2), the bushing by a threaded connection (7) is fixedly connected with the large bottle, according to large plastic bottle (2) bottle provided with a plurality of circular holes (8), the small plastic bottle a (3) bottle provided with a plurality of circular holes (8), the small plastic bottle B (4) bottle stripe-shaped groove is provided with a plurality of (9), said threaded sleeve (7) is a sleeve with a shoulder, the inner wall of the larger diameter end of the sleeve is provided with an internal thread (71), the internal thread (71) with a small plastic bottle a (3) or a small plastic bottle B (4) of 口螺纹配合,所述螺纹连接套管(7)较小一端管外壁与大塑料瓶(2)瓶口内壁配合,所述的螺纹连接套管(7 )直径较小一端沿圆截面设置有三角圆环卡口(72),在三角圆环卡口(72)处沿轴线方向设置有两条长槽(73),所述的球体连接件(I)内空间设置有棉絮团(10),所述的棉絮团(10)里设置有海藻孢子(12)。 Mating threaded opening, the threaded bushing (7) and the outer wall of the smaller end of the tube a large plastic bottle (2) with an inner wall of bottle, the threaded connecting sleeve (7) disposed along the smaller diameter end of a circular cross section with a triangular bayonet ring (72), the triangular bayonet ring (72) in the axial direction is provided at two elongated slot (73), connected to said ball member (I) is provided with a space group of batt (10), said batt group (10) is provided with a seaweed spores in (12).
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种生态环保的仔稚鱼保护装置,其特征在于,所述的小塑料瓶B (4)内设置有棉絮团(10),所述的棉絮团(10)里设置有海带孢子(11)。 2. According to an eco-friendly fish larvae of the protective device 1 as claimed in claim, wherein said small plastic bottle B (4) is provided with a cotton inner group (10), said batt group (10 ) was provided with kelp spores (11).
3.根据权利要求2所述的一种生态环保的仔稚鱼保护装置,其特征在于,所述的小塑料瓶B (4)瓶底设置有若干条形长孔(13)。 An eco-friendly fish larvae protection device according to claim 2, characterized in that the small plastic bottle B (4) is provided with a plurality of strip-shaped bottom elongated hole (13).
4.根据权利要求1或2或3所述的一种生态环保的仔稚鱼保护装置,其特征在于,利用一根绳子(14)穿过所有小塑料瓶A (3)和小塑料瓶B (4)靠近瓶底的孔,并连接成一立体结构的外罩网。 4. According to an eco-friendly fish larvae protection device 1 or claim 2 or claim 3, characterized by a rope (14) passing through all the small plastic bottle A (3) and a small plastic bottle B (4) hole near the bottom of the housing and connected to a three-dimensional network structure.
5.根据权利要求4所述的一种生态环保的仔稚鱼保护装置,其特征在于,所述的绳子(14)为双股麻绳。 5. According to an eco-friendly 4 fish larvae protective device as claimed in claim, wherein said rope (14) double-stranded rope.
CN 201210537222 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 Ecological and environment-friendly fish larvae protection device CN103070101B (en)

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