CN103058791B - Insecticidal complex formulation agent - Google Patents

Insecticidal complex formulation agent Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103058791B
CN103058791B CN201310005488.2A CN201310005488A CN103058791B CN 103058791 B CN103058791 B CN 103058791B CN 201310005488 A CN201310005488 A CN 201310005488A CN 103058791 B CN103058791 B CN 103058791B
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parts
dichlorvos
weight
potassium permanganate
spider mite
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CN103058791A (en
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刘媛
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刘媛
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Abstract

The invention discloses an insecticidal complex formulation agent. The insecticidal complex formulation agent comprises 20-35 parts by weight of dichlorvos, 12-18 parts by weight of heavy calcium superphosphate, 14-18 parts by weight of diammonium phosphate, and 0.0001-0.0003 parts by weight of potassium permanganate. The insecticidal complex formulation agent prepared through the above mode can effectively kill pests comprising red spiders, aphids and the like, doest harm the stems and leaves of plants, and basically has no residues on crops.

Description

A kind of insecticidal compound agent
Technical field
The invention belongs to pesticide field, particularly relating to a kind of Recompounded pesticide for killing two spotted spider mite.
Background technology
Cotton red spider is that cotton region, China various places generally occurs, to cause harm a heavier class pest, cotton red spider mainly sucks nutrition juice at the back side of cotton leaf, when causing harm initial there is more white point in face of blade, after several days, petiole place reddens, time serious, fallen leaves collapse bar, and shape, as burnt, causes and drops in production over a large area or have no harvest.
At present, agricultural production prevents and treats cotton red spider mainly based on cultural control, biological control and chemical control.Cultural control refers to promotes disease-resistant cotton variety, but due to the Leaf Mite Species of cotton of causing harm more, and change is various rapidly, general disease-resistant cotton variety after popularization in a few years disease-resistant performance namely can lose, it is lasting to be difficult to; Disease-resistant variety and the proterties such as high yield, high-quality also exist certain contradiction in addition, and the control area of biological control is also little, still based on chemical control on thus producing.Agricultural production to be noted use and have the double agricultural chemicals controlling effect to two spotted spider mite, the generation resistance that existing product has, what have is eliminated due to other reason, therefore, according to the generation of cotton disease with prevent and treat situation, need that development is efficient, wide spectrum, low toxicity, safety, delaying drug resistance, operating period be long and to the effective novel pesticide of two spotted spider mite.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, the object of the invention is to provide a kind of insecticidal compound agent, and this insecticidal compound agent is half environmental agricultural chemicals, can effectively kill the insect such as two spotted spider mite, aphid, and to the harmless effect of plant stem-leaf, medicament does not remain substantially to crops.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme disclosed by the invention is: a kind of insecticidal compound agent, comprises dichlorvos, double superphosphate, phosphoric acid diamines and potassium permanganate, and the content of each component is as follows by weight: dichlorvos: 20 parts-35 parts; Double superphosphate: 12 parts-18 parts; Phosphoric acid diamines: 14 parts-18 parts; Potassium permanganate: 0.0001 part-0.0003 part.
Preferably, the content of described each component is as follows by weight: dichlorvos: 20 parts-34 parts; Double superphosphate: 14 parts-16 parts; Phosphoric acid diamines: 14 parts-18 parts; Potassium permanganate: 0.0001 part-0.0003 part.
Insecticidal compound agent described in the present invention, according to above-mentioned parts by weight by after composite for each component getting well, after good with appropriate water proportioning, can be sprayed onto in field.
Dichlorvos described in the present invention, sterling is colourless to amber color liquid, has fragranced, boiling point 74 DEG C/133.3 handkerchief, density 1.415g/cm3, vapour pressure 1.2 × 10-2 × 133.3 handkerchief when 20 DEG C, index of refraction 1.4523, at room temperature in water, solvability is 10 grams per liters, in kerosene, solvability is 2%-3%, can with most of organic solvent and aerosol propellants miscible, to thermally-stabilised, have very strong volatility.Easily decompose in water, decompose faster in alkaline solution.Dichlorvos is medium to people, animal toxicity, former medicine big white mouse acute oral LD 50, male is 80mg/kg, and female is 56mg/kg, acute through skin LD to big white mouse 50, male is 107mg/kg, and female is 75mg/kg, blue or green cheek fish TLM24 hour 1mg/L, dichlorvos have insect very strong to tag, stomach toxicity and fumigation action, knockdown effect is strong, has larger lethality to ladybug, food aphid horsefly etc.
Double superphosphate adsorptivity described in the present invention is better, can make medicament rapid solidification, reduces crops to the absorption of dichlorvos.Double superphosphate described in the present invention is treble superphosphate again, is a kind of phosphate fertilizer of high concentration.Belong to water soluble phosphorous fertilizer, the phosphorus namely contained by fertilizer is soluble in water, directly can absorb for plant.Outward appearance is Dark grey or linen particle or Powdered.Belong to acidic chemical fertilizer.Hygroscopicity and corrosivity stronger than normal superphosphate, therefore powdery product easily hardens.
Chemical analysis mainly (the NH of the phosphoric acid diamines described in the present invention 4) 2hPO 4, available phosphorus (%) 46-48>=42>=38.Diammonium phosphate is a kind of two high effect composite fertilizers of nitrogenous, phosphorus two kinds of nutritive elements, and it is widely used in agricultural production.It both can make base manure, can topdress again, both dry crop was adapted to, also adapt to wet crop, be not only applicable to acid ground, also can be used for basic soil, significant effect of increasing production is all had to various crops, and than the monomer nitrogenous fertilizer of equal nutrient and phosphate fertilizer amount of increase in production large, two ammonium products except main component diammonium phosphate, also containing a small amount of MAP, ammonium sulfate and other impurity.In practice, be the solution of oiliness in water di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate amine solvent, it to be sprayed onto on crop blade face dry after see layer protecting film with viscosity or oiliness on blade face.When this insecticidal compound agent uses, phosphoric acid diamines forms a kind of water-based protective film at crop surface, makes to be killed by liquid and the corpse nutrition of the two spotted spider mite activated is protected, and is more conducive to absorbing of crops.
Containing potassium permanganate in insecticidal compound agent of the present invention, be the discoloration utilizing potassium permanganate, play the effect of the various microorganisms killed on two spotted spider mite corpse and crops.Potassium permanganate (KMnO described in the present invention 4), popular name: potassium permanganate, Potassium Permanganate, dissolve in water, be soluble in methyl alcohol, acetone, but mix with the organic matters such as glycerine, sucrose, camphor, turpentine oil, ethylene glycol, ether, azanol or easy material strong burning or blast occur.Medical potassium permanganate has strong oxidizing property, can sterilizing.
When using insecticidal compound agent described in the present invention, insecticidal compound agent and water are prepared liquid with certain proportion, be generally be carry out preparating liquid at 1: 40 by the weight ratio of insecticidal compound agent and water, also can carry out proportioning according to other ratios.Liquid prepares rear to the crops such as cotton there being the place of two spotted spider mite spray; the liquid of the 20kg generally prepared can spray 1 mu of ground; as long as two spotted spider mite one contacts liquid and will be killed by liquid; double superphosphate thereupon in liquid and phosphoric acid diamines rapid solidification form layer protecting film the surface that the two spotted spider mite killed is pasted onto crops immediately; the corpse nutrition of two spotted spider mite is progressively absorbed (temperature difference produces dew and helps Foliage Absorption) by corps leaf surface through 7-10 days high temperature actions, thus can make to be recovered verdure by the cotton leaf of two spotted spider mite harm jaundice after 10 days.The whole process killing two spotted spider mite is equivalent to the effect effect of spraying a foliage fertilizer in cotton field, and dichlorvos medicament is to the less residue of crop, in addition the rapid solidification of ingredients double superphosphate and phosphoric acid diamines, quick minimizing crops are to the absorption of dichlorvos, spray latter 10 days to crop dichlorvos detect residual quantity be 0, therefore insecticidal compound agent of the present invention belongs to half ecological agent, cross the place of crop through this medicine liquid spray, annual need use once.
For better play deinsectization evil effect, insecticidal compound agent of the present invention also can with other insects attractants with the use of.As with coccinella septempunctata attractant with the use of, coccinella septempunctata attractant can be lured on the crop of worm coccinella septempunctata, and then eat worm, but all worms can not have been eliminated by coccinella septempunctata, and insecticidal compound agent of the present invention is the medicament utterly destroyed two spotted spider mite and do not omit, to aphid, cotton sandfly worm has same elimination effect.Both coordinate for China's Future Development ecological cotton, and organic cotton has good effect.Coccinella septempunctata can to aphid, two spotted spider mite, scale insect multiple pathogenic microorganisms has good killing action, cotton, the control rate 80% of crop rotation bacterium sickle-like bacteria, if coccinella septempunctata attractant and two spotted spider mite activator share the grain to China, melon and fruit, vegetables, cotton and industrial Urban Landscape Construction bring ecology, the environment of environmental protection.
Within 2000, insecticidal compound agent of the present invention is studied successfully, the test of cotton, walnut bergamot pear was carried out at north Xinjiang agriculture Shi Santuan and periphery counties and townships, result is fairly good, this agent both can with coccinella septempunctata attractant adapted, also this agent can be used separately, even if dichlorvos exceedes many times of usual amounts in ingredients, but still harmless to cotton cauline leaf.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention can effectively kill the insect such as two spotted spider mite, aphid, and to the harmless effect of plant stem-leaf, medicament does not remain substantially to crops.
Embodiment
Below preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, can be easier to make advantages and features of the invention be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus more explicit defining is made to protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment one: (density is 1.415g/cm to get 150 milliliters, dichlorvos 3), double superphosphate pulverizes 150 grams, and the phosphoric acid diamines 150 grams mainly containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium three kinds of nutritive elements, 0.002 gram, potassium permanganate, after stirring, is dissolved in 20 kg water, sprays after mixing.Large area can remove the insects such as the two spotted spider mite on crops.
Embodiment two: (density is 1.415g/cm to get 180 milliliters, dichlorvos 3), double superphosphate pulverizes 160 grams, and the phosphoric acid diamines 160 grams mainly containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium three kinds of nutritive elements, 0.003 gram, potassium permanganate, after stirring, is dissolved in 20 kg water, sprays after mixing.Large area can remove the insects such as the two spotted spider mite on crops.
Embodiment three, (density is 1.415g/cm to get 180 milliliters, dichlorvos 3), double superphosphate pulverizes 180 grams, and the phosphoric acid diamines 140 grams mainly containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium three kinds of nutritive elements, 0.001 gram, potassium permanganate, after stirring, is dissolved in 20 kg water, sprays after mixing.Large area can remove the insects such as the two spotted spider mite on crops.
Embodiment four: (density is 1.415g/cm to get 180 milliliters, dichlorvos 3), double superphosphate pulverizes 140 grams, and the phosphoric acid diamines 140 grams mainly containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium three kinds of nutritive elements, 0.001 gram, potassium permanganate, after stirring, is dissolved in 25 kg water, sprays after mixing.Large area can remove the insects such as the two spotted spider mite on crops.
Embodiment five: by weight, get 20 parts, dichlorvos, double superphosphate 12 parts, phosphoric acid diamines 14 parts, 0.0001 part, potassium permanganate carries out proportioning, coordinates evenly, is dissolved in by liquid in 20 kg water, sprays after mixing.Large area can remove the insects such as the two spotted spider mite on crops.
Embodiment six: get 35 parts, dichlorvos, double superphosphate 18 parts, phosphoric acid diamines 18 parts by weight, 0.0003 part, potassium permanganate carries out proportioning, coordinates evenly, is dissolved in by liquid in 30 kg water, sprays after mixing.Large area can remove the insects such as the two spotted spider mite on crops.
The insecticidal effect of insecticidal compound agent of the present invention and other insecticides is contrasted as follows:
Insecticidal compound agent and desinsection mite+decis use contrast table to the two spotted spider mite on walnut
Insecticidal compound agent and desinsection mite+decis use contrast table to the two spotted spider mite on cotton
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every utilize description of the present invention to do equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. an insecticidal compound agent, is characterized in that, is made up of dichlorvos, double superphosphate, diammonium phosphate and potassium permanganate, and the content of each component is as follows by weight:
Dichlorvos: 20 parts-35 parts;
Double superphosphate: 12 parts-18 parts;
Diammonium phosphate: 14 parts-18 parts;
Potassium permanganate: 0.0001 part-0.0003 part.
2. insecticidal compound agent according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the content of described each component is as follows by weight:
Dichlorvos: 20 parts-34 parts;
Double superphosphate: 14 parts-16 parts;
Diammonium phosphate: 14 parts-18 parts;
Potassium permanganate: 0.0001 part-0.0003 part.
CN201310005488.2A 2013-01-08 2013-01-08 Insecticidal complex formulation agent Active CN103058791B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104441160A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-03-25 阜南县永盛工艺品有限公司 Rattan processing method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1065973A (en) * 1991-04-23 1992-11-11 魏文辉 Efficient harmless insecticide
CN1091241A (en) * 1994-01-18 1994-08-31 庞道毛 Diseases prevention and control sterilization, insecticidal smoke
CN101543232A (en) * 2009-05-11 2009-09-30 杨绍福 Mixture for controlling konjak diseases and insects
CN101891557A (en) * 2009-05-19 2010-11-24 李明久 Yield-increasing fertilizer for corn

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4216517B2 (en) * 2002-03-18 2009-01-28 フマキラー株式会社 Liquid composition for pest control

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1065973A (en) * 1991-04-23 1992-11-11 魏文辉 Efficient harmless insecticide
CN1091241A (en) * 1994-01-18 1994-08-31 庞道毛 Diseases prevention and control sterilization, insecticidal smoke
CN101543232A (en) * 2009-05-11 2009-09-30 杨绍福 Mixture for controlling konjak diseases and insects
CN101891557A (en) * 2009-05-19 2010-11-24 李明久 Yield-increasing fertilizer for corn

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