CN103058719A - Fast aerobic fermentation device for domestic waste and/or kitchen waste - Google Patents

Fast aerobic fermentation device for domestic waste and/or kitchen waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103058719A
CN103058719A CN2013100410247A CN201310041024A CN103058719A CN 103058719 A CN103058719 A CN 103058719A CN 2013100410247 A CN2013100410247 A CN 2013100410247A CN 201310041024 A CN201310041024 A CN 201310041024A CN 103058719 A CN103058719 A CN 103058719A
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China
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fermentation
fermentation cabin
air
pad
materials
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CN2013100410247A
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Chinese (zh)
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周鼎力
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周鼎力
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Priority to CN2013100410247A priority Critical patent/CN103058719A/en
Publication of CN103058719A publication Critical patent/CN103058719A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention relates to a fast aerobic fermentation device for domestic wastes and/or kitchen wastes, and the fast aerobic fermentation device mainly comprises a cylindrical or rectangular multi-layer fermentation bin (39), an air heater (14), a feeder (6), an air feeder (13), a draining storage pool (15) and an air purification device (35). According to the invention, the multi-section fermentation bin (39) is adopted to carry out multilayer fermentation, so that the air utilization ratio is enhanced, the decomposed speed of fermented materials is accelerated, the equipment utilization ratio is enhanced, and the equipment occupied area is small; especially, the fermented materials are overturned up and down under the action of a stirring device, the fermented materials are in a loosened state, and the fermented materials can fast achieve needed optimal fermentation temperature in hot air flows, so that the fermentation speed of the materials is accelerated, the fermentation production cost is reduced, the fermentation time is shortened, and the high yield of the fermentation bin within unit volume is achieved. The fast aerobic fermentation device disclosed by the invention has the advantages of good creativity, novelty and industrial applicability.

Description

The quick aerobic fermentation device of domestic refuse and/or changing food waste
Technical field
The present invention relates to the quick aerobic fermentation device of one way of life rubbish and/or changing food waste, belong to the environmental protection equipment field;
Background technology
Along with improving constantly of people's living standard, the content of organic waste constantly rises in the domestic refuse, the perishable environment that rots to affect people's existence of the biomass in the organic waste (such as melon and fruit peel, vegetables residue, surplus food etc. after the meal); Scientificlly and effectively the recycling of it is innoxious, minimizing, particularly domestic refuse and/or changing food waste has caused the generally attention of the whole society; About the existing many reports of the aerobic fermentation equipment of changing food waste, as in CN202052759U " continuous food waste treatment device ", charging or the discharging of fermentation cabin (or fermentor tank) belong to batch operation; Adopt thermal medium to carry out indirect heating ground to the fermentation materials heating, exist heat transfer slow, the defective that heat utilization efficiency is low; Especially, adopt air at room temperature to ferment, the required oxygen of aerobic fermentation (or air) only contacts at the upper face of changing food waste (or fermentation materials), fermentation materials can not fully contact with required oxygen, causes fermentation time long, and cost raises, efficient is low, " vapour locking, ponding " phenomenon occurs in indirect heating pipe or the heat transfer tube of fermentation equipment bottom exterior layer easily, and body crack, separation of welds, breakage or fault usually occur, and maintenance is inconvenient.
In the equipment of existing disclosed life refuse high temperature aerobic compost, charging or the discharging of fermentation cabin (or fermentor tank) belong to batch operation, adopt air at room temperature to ferment, fermentation materials needed optimum activity temperature of mesophile microorganism of thermophase (25-40 ℃) from room temperature rises to needs 3-5 days the soonest, the needed optimum activity temperature of thermophile bacteria microorganism of (50-80 ℃) of reaching a high temperature the stage needs 10-15 days at the soonest, cause the aerobic fermentation time of domestic refuse long, energy consumption is high, yielding poorly of unit volume fermentation cabin, the investment of the domestic refuse fermentation cabin of unit weight is large, increase production cost, reduced productivity effect.
Purpose of the present invention is exactly the shortcoming that will overcome aforesaid device, provide a kind of warm air of using as thermal source, warm air is directly contacted to fermentation materials with fermentation materials to be rapidly heated, alternately directly contact with fermentation materials (changing food waste and/or domestic refuse) with warm air or air at room temperature, make fermentation materials reach rapidly the good leavening temperature of each stage (such as middle thermophase, hot stage, middle thermophase); Especially, under the up and down rolling effect of whipping appts, fermentation materials can mix uniformly with the air that blasts, and fermentation materials can absorb sufficient oxygen, improves the domestic refuse of fermenting speed and/or the quick aerobic fermentation device of changing food waste.
Summary of the invention
The present invention consists of like this: the quick aerobic fermentation device of domestic refuse and/or changing food waste, and mainly by the multi-layer type fermentation cabin, charger, airheater, fan, draining storage pond and gas-cleaning installation form;
Described multi-layer type fermentation cabin, by housing, the fermentation cabin charging opening, glass vision panel, thermometer or hygrosensor, agitator, with holes about two material back up pads, promote the hydraulic efficiency plant of back up pad motion (close or close), spiral discharging device forms:
Described fermentation cabin housing can be round shape or rectangle, and its material can be the coagulation structure of brick and cement, or metal, plastics, organic composite material;
Described charger can be the reciprocating type charger that hydraulic efficiency plant promotes, or worm conveyor, is driven by buncher;
Described fermentation cabin charging opening can dispose artificial charging opening or dispose the charging opening of mechanical charger; Described hand-fed mouth is configured in top one end of fermentation cabin housing, air-locked lid that the top configuration of described hand-fed mouth can seal; Described power feed machine charging opening is configured in the top the other end of fermentation cabin housing;
Described glass visor is configured in the sidewall of described fermentation cabin housing upper, middle and lower section;
Described agitator can be spiral stirrer, grid agitator, wing shape agitator; Be configured in respectively upper strata, the middle level of described fermentation cabin housing, the inside of lower floor by the sea line direction, every layer of configurable one or more agitator drive agitator by buncher and rotate;
Described fermentation materials back up pad with holes, formed by two back up pads such as left side semicircle with holes or rectangle fermentation materials back up pad and the right semicircle with holes or rectangle fermentation materials back up pads, be configured in respectively upper strata, middle level, the lower interior part of described fermentation cabin housing by the sea line direction;
Described hydraulic efficiency plant belongs to conventional hydraulic efficiency plant, by telescopic hydraulic supporting strut, respectively with each layers such as the upper strata of described fermentation cabin housing, middle level, lower floor with holes about two limit fermentation materials back up pads connect; By the work of described hydraulic efficiency plant and hydraulic supporting strut, can effectively control described about two back up pads 0 degree opening or closing to the rotation of 90 degree scopes;
Described spiral discharging device belongs to conventional feed screw, drives rotation by buncher, is configured in the below of fermentation materials back up pad with holes in the described fermentation cabin housing, and horizontal direction is arranged; The bottom configuration discharge port of the discharge end of described spiral discharging device, the below configuration discharge valve of discharge port;
Described dividing plate with holes is configured in the lower position of described spiral discharging device;
Described draining savings storehouse belongs to dividing plate and the space between the fermentation cabin housing bottom surface with holes, and the height in draining savings storehouse is at 0.5-1.5 rice, and the top, side that draining is saved the storehouse disposes air intlet, and its underpart disposes wastewater outlet;
Described airheater, belong to the airheater of nichrome wire heat transfer, the airheater that hot plate conducts heat, the airheater that the electric heating infrared line conducts heat, or by the shell and tube air heat exchanger of steam as thermal source, or by the shell and tube air heat exchanger of high-temperature flue gas as thermal source, or by the shell and tube air heat exchanger of high temperature heat conductive oil (or fused salt) as thermal source; By fan with in the air at room temperature input air well heater, air at room temperature and nichrome wire (or hot plate, the infrared rays heat transmitter) directly contacts being heated intensification and become warm air, or air at room temperature in shell and tube heat exchanger with heat catalysis (such as steam, high-temperature flue gas, thermal oil or fused salt) carry out indirect contact and be heated, become warm air, air at room temperature has become warm air through heat exchange, warm air is through with the upwards ejection of bottom from housing of the air dispersion pipe of pore, enter and be distributed in the fermentation materials, to fermentation materials heating with provide fermentation needed oxygen;
Described temperature sensor, sensor passes to controller with the temperature of material in the housing, controller is according to the prior temperature controlling range designed to material in the housing, power (or strength of current) to the electrothermal air well heater automatically adjusts, the variation of the air themperature height that the control airheater is discharged, adjusting enters the temperature of air in the housing, to reach the temperature of fermentation materials in the final control housing; Usually, the temperature of warm air is controlled automatically at 30-90 ℃; During fermentation, the hot air temperature that enters in the housing is controlled at 30-80 ℃, and when fermentation is complete when carrying out dry materials, the hot air temperature that enters in the housing is controlled at 80-90 ℃ of airflow drying that carries out material;
Described gas-cleaning installation belongs to round shape or rectangular housing, and inner filling gas cleaning of substances is processed and absorbed carbonic acid gas, the ammonia of discharging in the fermentation gas, and other gaseous matter and dust;
The present invention and existing same device relatively have following advantage:
1. under the up and down rolling of whipping appts to fermentation materials, material is in loose state, the needed oxygen of aerobic fermentation (or air) can permeate and be distributed to the inside of fermentation materials equably, can mix fully with fermentation materials and contact, improved the speed of fermentation, it is not volatile to have overcome the moisture that produces in traditional static fermentation, and oxygen and fermentation materials can not uniform contact cause slowly defective of fermenting speed;
2. adopt warm air directly to contact with fermentation materials, can rapidly the heat of warm air be passed to fermentation materials, bring up to fast the optimum temps of the needed hot stage of technique (50-80 ℃) in order to make the fermentation materials temperature of room temperature, especially, can improve the moisture film on the required saturating fermentation materials of the air string surface of aerobic fermentation, the degree that is penetrated into the fermentation materials internal layer improves fermenting speed, or adopt room temperature freezing air (or Cryogenic air) directly to contact with the fermentation materials of hot stage, absorb the heat of thermophilic fermentation material with room temperature freezing air (or Cryogenic air), rapidly the temperature of thermophilic fermentation material is down to the needed middle thermophase of the phase technique of becoming thoroughly decomposed (25-40 ℃) temperature, enter the high or low of air themperature in the fermentation cabin by what controller was regulated airheater output automatically, shortened the time of whole fermenting process, and it is low to consume energy;
3. adopt same fermentation equipment that fermentation materials is carried out the fermentation by stages of multistage ground, improved the utilization ratio of aerobic air, accelerated the speed of becoming thoroughly decomposed of fermentation materials, plant factor is high, and floor space is little; Especially, material is up and down rolling under the effect of whipping appts, and material is in loose state, and in the air-flow of warm air, the volatile and rapid drying of moisture in the material has reduced production cost;
4. in the fermentation of material, adopt each needed optimum fermentation temp of technological temperature stage of automatic control and adjustment, simple to operate, less investment, fermenting speed is fast;
5. the waste gas that produces in the fermentation and dust are constantly absorbed by gas-cleaning installation and remove, and discharge non-secondary pollution in the fermentation without harmful foul smell;
6. adopt vertical multi-sectional fermentation cabin structure, can be simultaneously to the raw material of each layer in the stirring of agitator with carry under the dual useful effect of warm air and carry out fast fermentation; Can be continuous or the step power feed device that utilizes reinforced to fermentation cabin, also can utilize charging opening to carry out intermittent feeding; Material after the fermentation can be continuously or intermittent type ground adopt easily discharging of spiral conveyer, easy and simple to handle, improved the output of the fermentation materials of unit volume fermentation cabin, reduced the required energy consumption of fermenting, reduced the production cost of fermentation;
The present invention has shortened fermentation time, has improved fermenting speed, has reduced facility investment and the production cost of material fermentation, has improved working efficiency, and floor space is little, and the output of unit volume fermentation cabin is high, has good creativeness, novelty and industrial applicibility.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is section (A-A) vertical view of multi-stage type fermentation cabin;
Fig. 3 is section (B-B) vertical view of multi-stage type fermentation cabin;
In Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the housing of 1-multi-stage type fermentation cabin; 2-ferment the layer; 3-thermometer or hygrosensor; Propping up of the rotatable fermentation materials back up pad of 4-turns bolt; The 5-valve; The 6-charger; The 7-air intake valve; The discharge opening of 8-power feed machine or the mechanical loading mouth of fermentation cabin; The 9-air intlet; The 10-controller; The 11-intake valve; The 12-air intlet; The 13-fan; The 14-airheater; 15-draining storage pond; The 16-water discharge valve; 17-draining discharge outlet; 18-draining savings storehouse; 19-fermentation materials outlet valve; 20-fermentation materials discharge port; The 21-spiral discharging device; 22-ferment the layer; 23-ferment the layer; 24-hydraulic part telescopic lever; The 25-buncher; 26-ferment the layer; 27-promotes the hydraulic efficiency plant that back up pad (28,29) is closed or opened; The fermentation materials back up pad that the 28-left side is with holes; The fermentation materials back up pad that 29-the right is with holes; The 30-glass vision panel; The 31-pneumatic outlet; 32-fermentation cabin feeding cover; The hand-fed mouth of 33-fermentation cabin; The 34-valve; The 35-gas-cleaning installation; The 36-screw mixer; The finned agitator of 36a-; The 37-air intake valve; The dividing plate that 38-is with holes; 39-multi-layer type fermentation cabin;
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, structure of the present invention and use are further described, but are not limited;
Such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, the present invention consists of like this: the quick aerobic fermentation device of domestic refuse and/or changing food waste, main multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39) by round shape or rectangle, airheater (14), charger (6), fan (13), draining storage pond (15) and gas-cleaning installation (35) form, it is characterized in that: the discharge opening UNICOM of multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39) top or top one end charging opening (8) and charger (6), the hand-fed mouth (33) of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39) is configured in top or the top the other end of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39), air-locked lid (32) that the top configuration of described hand-fed mouth (33) can seal; The pneumatic outlet (31) at described fermentation cabin (39) top or top respectively with valve (34) and valve (5) inlet mouth UNICOM, the air outlet of valve (34) is through pipeline and gas-cleaning installation (35) UNICOM; Described fan (13) air outlet and described airheater (14) inlet mouth UNICOM, the hot air outlet of airheater (14) is respectively through valve (7,11,37) and described multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39) UNICOM; Described thermometer or hygrosensor (3), be configured in respectively the sidewall of the upper, middle and lower section of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39), and the inside that is inserted into each fermentation layer (2,22,23,26) contacts with material, each hygrosensor (3) is connected respectively described controller (10) by signal wire, and controller (10) is connected respectively by signal wire and air electrothermal heater (14) and fan (13); The draining discharge outlet (17) of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39) bottom is through valve (16) UNICOM draining storage pond (15); Fermentation materials discharge port (20) UNICOM's fermentation materials outlet valve (19) of the spiral discharging device (21) of multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39) bottom.
Described charger (6) can be reciprocating type charger or the worm conveyor that hydraulic efficiency plant promotes, and is driven by buncher;
Described multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39), by housing (1), fermentation cabin charging opening (8,33), glass vision panel (30), thermometer or hygrosensor (3), agitator (36), two fermentation materials back up pads (28,29) about with holes, promote the hydraulic efficiency plant (24,27) that back up pad is closed or opened, spiral discharging device (21) forms, particularly:
Described housing (1) can be round shape or rectangle, and its material can be the coagulation structure of brick and cement, or metal, plastics, organic composite material;
Described fermentation cabin charging opening has the charging opening (41) that can dispose hand-fed mouth (33) or dispose mechanical charger; Described hand-fed mouth (33) is configured in top one end of fermentation cabin housing (1), air-locked lid (32) that the top configuration of described hand-fed mouth (33) can seal; Described power feed machine charging opening (41) is configured in the top the other end of fermentation cabin housing (1);
Described glass visor (30) is configured in the sidewall of described fermentation cabin housing (1) upper, middle and lower section;
Described agitator (36), referring to accompanying drawing 3, can be screw mixer (36), grid agitator, wing shape agitator (36a), be configured in respectively upper strata, the middle level of described fermentation cabin housing (1), the inside of lower floor by the sea line direction, every layer of configurable one or more agitator (36 or 36a) drive agitator (36,36a) by buncher (25) and rotate;
A described left side with holes and right two fermentation materials back up pads (28,29), formed by semicircle or rectangle fermentation materials back up pad with holes, the material of described back up pad (28,29): can be metal, plastics, organic composite material, marble slab or inanimate matter sheet material, aperture on the back up pad (28,29) is configured in respectively upper strata, middle level, the lower interior part of described fermentation cabin housing (1) at the 0.5-3 centimetre by the sea line direction; By rotatable stay-bolt (4), the fermentation materials back up pad (28) that described left side semicircle or rectangle is with holes and the right semicircle or rectangle fermentation materials back up pad (29) with holes are separately fixed at the side of described fermentation cabin housing (1), two back up pads (28,29) can with rotatable stay-bolt (4) as pivot point, be rotated in sea line direction (0 degree) to vertical line direction (90 degree) scope about described; Namely, when left side back up pad (28) or the right back up pad (29) are in (0 degree) sea line position simultaneously, two back up pads of left side back up pad (28) and the right back up pad (29) are closed up fully and are closed, and the fermentation materials above left side back up pad (28) and the right back up pad (29) is toward falling; When left side back up pad (28) and the right back up pad (29) are in the position of vertical direction (90 degree), left side back up pad (28) and the right back up pad (29) are opened fully, and the fermentation materials of left side back up pad (28) and the right back up pad (29) top is all toward falling; Left side back up pad (28) and the right back up pad (29) are configured in the 0.3-1 rice position, agitator (36,36a) below of each layers such as multi-stage type fermentation cabin housing (1) upper strata, middle level, lower floor;
Described hydraulic efficiency plant (27), belong to conventional hydraulic efficiency plant, by telescopic hydraulic supporting strut (24), be configured respectively with each layers such as the upper strata of described multi-stage type fermentation cabin housing (1), middle level, lower floor left side back up pad (28) with holes and the right back up pad (29) respectively and connect, by the work of described hydraulic efficiency plant (27) and hydraulic supporting strut (24), can effectively control described left side back up pad (28) and the right back up pad (29) 0 degree opening or closing to the rotation of 90 degree scopes;
Described spiral discharging device (21) belongs to conventional feed screw, drives rotation by buncher (25), is configured in the below of the interior material back up pad of multi-stage type fermentation cabin housing (1) (28,29), and horizontal direction is arranged; The bottom configuration discharge port (20) of the discharge end of described spiral discharging device (21), the below configuration discharge valve (19) of discharge port (20);
Described dividing plate with holes (38), be configured in the 5-30 centimetre position, below of described spiral discharging device (21), the sea line direction is arranged, the aperture of dividing plate (38) is the 0.5-3 centimetre, and its material can be metal, plastics, organic composite material, marble slab, brick mixing cement structure;
Described draining savings storehouse (18), belong to described dividing plate (38) with holes and the space between described multi-stage type fermentation cabin housing (1) bottom surface, be that the height in draining savings storehouses (18) is at 0.5-1.5 rice, the top, side in draining savings storehouses (18) disposes air intlet (12), and its underpart disposes draining discharge outlet (17).
When the present invention works: at first feed in raw material, when reinforced, utilize the convergent force of hydraulic efficiency plant (24,27), with multi-stage type fermentation cabin housing (1) upper strata, the left side back up pad (28) that each layers such as middle level and lower floor are with holes and the right back up pad (29) all shrink or fall to sea line perpendicular 90 the degree open positions; Then, by reciprocating type charger (6), (illustrate: fermentation materials is by changing food waste and/or domestic refuse raw material with the fermentation materials of the moisture 40-55% (Wt%) of certainweight, high-temperature aerobic microbial bacteria or decomposing agent, water, and Nutrious fermented loose base-material etc. mixes by known technical formula and forms, C/N is 20-30) pass through charging opening (8) and utilize action of gravity to join above the interior dividing plate (38) of multi-stage type fermentation cabin (39) submerged fermentation layer (22) downwards, when fermentation materials was feeded to 4/5 height from dividing plate (38) surface, it was complete to feed in raw material in the fermentation layer (22); Then, the reinforced successively of each fermentation layer (23,26,2) of layer (22) top of fermenting; Namely, utilize the expansion force of hydraulic efficiency plant (24,27), to ferment layer (23) bottom about two back up pads (28,29) uphold or up be pushed into the off-position of closing up of sea line (0 degree), then, above-described fermentation materials is passed through reciprocating type charger (6), till 4/5 height, it is complete to feed in raw material in the fermentation layer (23) in charging opening (8) joins fermentation layer (23) downwards; Then, according to the reinforced same method of above-mentioned fermentation layer (22,23), in turn described fermentation materials is joined in fermentation layer (26) and the fermentation layer (2), each fermentation layer is feeded respectively till 4/5 height location; After the fermentation materials of each fermentation layer (22,23,26,2) in the multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39) is reinforced complete, begin fermentation;
During fermentation, close and seal the lid (32) above multi-stage type fermentation cabin (39) the top feeding mouth (33), side by side, utilize the mode of the feeding rod compression material in the reciprocating type stock pusher (6) to seal charging opening (8), stop the interior gas of fermentation cabin (39) to outward leakage, valve-off (5,16,19) is opened valve (7,11,37); Then, start the buncher (25) of agitator in each layers such as fermentation cabin (39) upper strata, middle level, lower floor (36,36a), drive agitator (36,36a) rotation, allow various components in the fermentation materials in the multi-stage type fermentation cabin (39) (as, changing food waste and/or domestic refuse raw material, high-temperature aerobic microbial bacteria or decomposing agent, water and Nutrious fermented loose base-material) fully mix and up and down rolling; Carry out work by controller (14) startup fan (13) and electrothermal air well heater (14), with fan (13) air at room temperature is sent in the electrothermal air well heater (14), the air at room temperature heating is become 50-80 ℃ warm air, warm air is transported to multi-stage type fermentation cabin (39) upper strata, the middle level, in each layer such as lower floor, and direction string fermentation materials back up pad (28 excessively with holes from the bottom up, 29) aperture enters into fermentation materials, the heat of warm air is passed to the fermentation materials of room temperature equably, offer the needed oxygen of fermentation materials; In the warm air fermentation materials that is penetrated into uniformly each fermentation layer (22,24,26,2) from the bottom up, it is consistent that the ascending temperature of fermentation materials and the temperature of warm air reach balance rapidly, the active middle thermophase (25-40 ℃) that adapts to of mesophile that namely reaches fast or keep the zymotechnique requirement carries out the fermentation of middle thermophase, or reaches fast and the best hot stage (50-80 ℃) of keeping the thermophile bacteria activity and adapting to; After hot stage (50-80 ℃) fermentation is complete, the middle thermophase (25-40 ℃) that enters the desired fermentation materials of technique becomes thoroughly decomposed the phase, close airheater (14) or regulate the power that reduces airheater (14) by controller (10), room temperature freezing air or Cryogenic air are input to multi-stage type fermentation cabin (39) upper strata, the middle level, in the fermentation materials of each layer such as lower floor, with the heat in room temperature freezing air or the Cryogenic air absorption fermentation materials (50-80 ℃), make rapidly the temperature of the fermentation materials of hot stage be reduced to the active middle thermophase (25-40 ℃) that adapts to of mesophile of processing requirement, finally finish fast whole fermenting process; In aerobic fermentation, can be according to processing requirement the regular or irregular fermentation materials input air of giving each layers such as multi-stage type fermentation cabin (39) upper strata, middle level, lower floor, can the be regular or irregular agitator (36,36a) that starts, fermentation materials is contacted fully with air in stirring up and down, increase oxygen fully contacts with material, improves fermenting speed; In the fermentation, the draining that oozes that is collected in the draining savings storehouses (18) that will produce in will fermenting termly enters in the draining storage pond (15) through draining discharge outlet (17) and valve (16), ooze draining and can turn back to the needed moisture of adjusting fermentation materials in the multi-stage type fermentation cabin (39), or through discharging after the environmental purification processing up to standard; The carbonic acid gas that will produce in constantly will fermenting, water vapor, ammonia and other gas are discharged multi-stage type fermentation cabin (39) from venting port (31), and gas enters in the gas-cleaning installation (35) through valve (34), enter atmosphere after process absorption or purifying treatment are up to standard; Controller (10) can be at any time to the stopping or open of fan (13), and the electric heating output rating of electrothermal air well heater (14) is automatically adjusted, so that control enters the variation of the air themperature in the multi-stage type fermentation cabin (39); When hygrosensor (3) sends to the temperature parameter that the drop in temperature of fermentation materials of the fermentation layer (22) of multi-stage type fermentation cabin (39) foot that controller (10) shows finishes to the desired fermentation of technique, or open discharge valve (19) degree of corrosion or the degree of stability of the fermentation materials in the fermentation layer (22) detected chemical examination, after showing that such as test fermentation is finished, stop the fermentation of fermentation layer (22) interior material; Fermentation layer (22) interior fermentation materials this moment (domestic refuse or changing food waste) be the innoxious bio-organic fertilizer that has changed into the loose shape of brown, and the fermenting process in the fermentation cabin (22) is finished; Then, close air door (37), open discharge valve (19), start spiral discharging device (21,25), the interior bio-feritlizer of layer (22) that will ferment is all discharged from multi-stage type fermentation cabin (39) through discharge gate (20) and valve (19), then carry out sorting, fragmentation, allotment, granulation, drying and packing, obtain at last the bio-feritlizer commodity;
After the fermentation materials in the fermentation layer (22) is all discharged, begin again feed to fermentation layer (22) and carry out the fermentation of next batch fermentation materials, the fermentation materials in the fermentation layer (23) of layer (22) top of will ferment drops into downwards in ferment layer (22) and further ferments; Working method: by the convergent force of hydraulic efficiency plant (24,27), the left side back up pad (28) of layer (23) bottom supporting fermentation materials of will fermenting is all shunk with the right back up pad (29) or is pulled down to the open position of vertical (90 spend), to ferment, the downward action of gravity of material utilization in all fermentations drops in the fermentation layer (22) in the layer (23), carries out further thoroughly fermentation in fermentation layer (23); Then, utilize the expansion force of hydraulic efficiency plant (24,27), to ferment layer (23) bottom about two back up pads (28,29) uphold or up be pushed into the off-position of closing up of sea line (0 degree), begin charging for fermentation layer (23); Namely, the fermentation materials in the fermentation layer (26) on layer (23) top of will fermenting drops into downwards in the fermentation layer (23) and further ferments, working method: by the convergent force of hydraulic efficiency plant (24,27), the left side back up pad (28) of layer (26) bottom supporting fermentation materials of will fermenting is all shunk with the right back up pad (29) or is pulled down to the open position of vertical (90 degree), and the downward action of gravity of material utilization during all ferment in the layer (26) that will ferment drops in ferment layer (23); According to above the same manner of giving fermentation layer (22,23) charging, the fermentation materials of layer (2) of will fermenting installs in the fermentation layer (26), after the fermentation materials in the fermentation layer (2) is drained downwards, feed for fermentation layer (2), namely, can utilize hand-fed mouth (33) or reciprocating type charger (6) that described fermentation materials is sent in the fermentation layer (2) to 4/5 height, can effectively monitor the work loading height in the fermentation layer (2) by glass visor (30);
Biochemical basis according to aerobic fermentation, the present invention can carry out the aerobic fermentation of kinds of processes in the following manner, namely, (1) fermentation materials can be by method as described above, from room temperature state, thermophase in the process in order (25-40 ℃)---zymotechnique of the routine of the middle thermophase of hot stage (50-80 ℃)-----(25-40 ℃); (2) fermentation materials is from room temperature state, directly being climbed to hot stage (50-80 ℃) ferments fast, utilize the biochemical Decomposition of high temperature thermophilic microorganism bacterium that organism is degraded rapidly, then fermentation materials is carried out further fast cooling to middle thermophase (25-40 ℃), carry out the fermentation of the phase of becoming thoroughly decomposed in later stage; (3) fermentation materials is from room temperature state, thermophase in the process in order (25-40 ℃) fermentation----hot stage (50-80 ℃) fermentation, then, with ferment material after complete of hot stage, discharge fermentation cabin of the present invention (39), middle thermophase (25-40 ℃) fermentation of the phase of in the aerobic fermentation chamber of routine, becoming thoroughly decomposed again after the sorting of sieving, the pulverizing;
After the fermentation materials fermentation was complete, sieve sorting, pulverizing, allotment, granulation, drying obtained the organic fertilizer product at last.

Claims (4)

1. the quick aerobic fermentation device of domestic refuse and/or changing food waste, main multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39) by round shape or rectangle, airheater (14), charger (6), fan (13), draining storage pond (15) and gas-cleaning installation (35) form, it is characterized in that: the discharge opening UNICOM of multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39) top or top one end charging opening (8) and charger (6), the hand-fed mouth (33) of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39) is configured in top or the top the other end of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39), air-locked lid (32) that the top configuration of described hand-fed mouth (33) can seal; The pneumatic outlet (31) at described fermentation cabin (39) top or top respectively with valve (34) and valve (5) inlet mouth UNICOM, the air outlet of valve (34) is through pipeline and gas-cleaning installation (35) UNICOM; Described fan (13) air outlet and described airheater (14) inlet mouth UNICOM, the hot air outlet of airheater (14) is respectively through valve (7,11,37) and described multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39) UNICOM; Described thermometer or hygrosensor (3), be configured in respectively the sidewall of the upper, middle and lower section of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39), and the inside that is inserted into each fermentation layer (2,22,23,26) contacts with material, each hygrosensor (3) is connected respectively described controller (10) by signal wire, and controller (10) is connected respectively by signal wire and air electrothermal heater (14) and fan (13); The draining discharge outlet (17) of described multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39) bottom is through valve (16) UNICOM draining storage pond (15); Fermentation materials discharge port (20) UNICOM's fermentation materials outlet valve (19) of the spiral discharging device (21) of multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39) bottom.
2. the quick aerobic fermentation device of domestic refuse according to claim 1 and/or changing food waste, it is characterized in that: described multi-layer type fermentation cabin (39), by housing (1), fermentation cabin charging opening (8,33), glass vision panel (30), thermometer or hygrosensor (3), agitator (36), two fermentation materials back up pads (28,29) about with holes, promote the hydraulic efficiency plant (24,27) that back up pad is closed or opened, spiral discharging device (21) forms; Particularly: described housing (1) can be round shape or rectangle; Described fermentation cabin charging opening has hand-fed mouth (33) or disposes the charging opening (41) of mechanical charger; Described hand-fed mouth (33) is configured in top one end of fermentation cabin housing (1), and the top of described hand-fed mouth (33) disposes air-locked lid (32); Described power feed machine charging opening (41) is configured in the top the other end of fermentation cabin housing (1); Described glass visor (30) is configured in the sidewall of described fermentation cabin housing (1) upper, middle and lower section; Described agitator can be screw mixer (36), grid agitator, or wing shape agitator (36a), be configured in respectively upper strata, the middle level of described fermentation cabin housing (1), the inside of lower floor by the sea line direction, every layer of configurable one or more agitator (36 or 36a); A described left side with holes and right two fermentation materials back up pads (28,29) are comprised of semicircle or rectangle fermentation materials back up pad with holes; Aperture on the described back up pad (28,29) is configured in respectively upper strata, middle level, the lower interior part of described fermentation cabin housing (1) at the 0.5-3 centimetre by the sea line direction; By rotatable stay-bolt (4), the fermentation materials back up pad (28) that described left side semicircle or rectangle is with holes and the right semicircle or rectangle fermentation materials back up pad (29) with holes are separately fixed at the side of described fermentation cabin housing (1), two back up pads (28,29) can with rotatable stay-bolt (4) as pivot point, be rotated in sea line direction (0 degree) to vertical line direction (90 degree) scope about described; Left side back up pad (28) and the right back up pad (29) are configured in the 0.3-1 rice position, agitator (36,36a) below of each layers such as multi-stage type fermentation cabin housing (1) upper strata, middle level, lower floor; Described hydraulic efficiency plant (27), belong to conventional hydraulic efficiency plant, by telescopic hydraulic supporting strut (24), be configured respectively with each layers such as the upper strata of described multi-stage type fermentation cabin housing (1), middle level, lower floor left side back up pad (28) with holes and the right back up pad (29) respectively and connect; Described spiral discharging device (21) belongs to conventional feed screw, is configured in the below of the interior material back up pad of multi-stage type fermentation cabin housing (1) (28,29), and horizontal direction is arranged; The bottom configuration discharge port (20) of the discharge end of described spiral discharging device (21), the below configuration discharge valve (19) of discharge port (20); Described dividing plate with holes (38) is configured in the 5-30 centimetre position, below of described spiral discharging device (21), and the sea line direction arranges that the aperture of dividing plate (38) is the 0.5-3 centimetre; Described draining savings storehouse (18), belong to described dividing plate (38) with holes and the space between described multi-stage type fermentation cabin housing (1) bottom surface, the height in draining savings storehouses (18) is at 0.5-1.5 rice, the top, side in draining savings storehouses (18) disposes air intlet (12), and its underpart disposes wastewater outlet (17).
3. the quick aerobic fermentation device of domestic refuse according to claim 1 and/or changing food waste is characterized in that: described charger (6) can be reciprocating type charger or the worm conveyor that is promoted by the hydraulic efficiency plant that buncher drives.
4. the quick aerobic fermentation device of domestic refuse according to claim 1 and/or changing food waste, it is characterized in that: described described airheater (14), can be the airheater of nichrome wire heat transfer, the airheater that hot plate conducts heat, the airheater that the electric heating infrared line conducts heat, or by the shell and tube air heat exchanger of steam as thermal source, or by the shell and tube air heat exchanger of high-temperature flue gas as thermal source, or by high temperature heat conductive oil or the fused salt shell and tube air heat exchanger as thermal source.
CN2013100410247A 2013-02-04 2013-02-04 Fast aerobic fermentation device for domestic waste and/or kitchen waste CN103058719A (en)

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CN103664271A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-03-26 广西博世科环保科技股份有限公司 Tower-type self-coupled deodorization high-temperature aerobic fermentation system
CN103724061A (en) * 2014-01-14 2014-04-16 卢璐娇 Device and method for producing biological organic fertilizer by using bagasse
CN104045402A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-09-17 覃仁安 Specific tea-oil tree compound fertilizer containing tung oil
CN104045401A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-09-17 覃仁安 Special tung-oil-containing compound fertilizer for tea trees
CN104341176A (en) * 2014-10-20 2015-02-11 广西华兴食品有限公司 Poultry manure treatment device
CN104748370A (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-07-01 钱海荣 Heater for garbage disposer
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CN104829282A (en) * 2014-02-11 2015-08-12 江苏同盐环保科技有限公司 Organic garbage compost device
CN106007998A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-10-12 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Method for reducing nitrogen loss of compost
CN106007818A (en) * 2016-05-24 2016-10-12 徐州工程学院 Full-automatic-temperature-control refuse fermentation apparatus and operating method thereof
CN106216248A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-12-14 安徽笑堂茶业有限公司 A kind of Intelligent tea winnower
CN107285825A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-10-24 江苏农丰宝生物科技有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer fermentation method
CN109293407A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-02-01 大连理工大学 A kind of rubbish from cooking fast composting device and method
CN109316701A (en) * 2017-07-31 2019-02-12 杭州时迈环境科技股份有限公司 The full-automatic unmanned house refuse apparatus for continuous treatment on duty of microkinetic
CN109704827A (en) * 2019-02-03 2019-05-03 王英宾 It can rotten organic solid waste fast degradation method
CN109812814A (en) * 2019-03-18 2019-05-28 王英宾 A kind of waste incineration improvement technique

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CN103664271B (en) * 2013-12-19 2015-07-22 广西博世科环保科技股份有限公司 Tower-type self-coupled deodorization high-temperature aerobic fermentation system
CN103664271A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-03-26 广西博世科环保科技股份有限公司 Tower-type self-coupled deodorization high-temperature aerobic fermentation system
CN104748370A (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-07-01 钱海荣 Heater for garbage disposer
CN103724061A (en) * 2014-01-14 2014-04-16 卢璐娇 Device and method for producing biological organic fertilizer by using bagasse
CN103724061B (en) * 2014-01-14 2015-09-23 卢璐娇 A kind of apparatus and method utilizing bagasse to produce bio-organic fertilizer
CN104829282A (en) * 2014-02-11 2015-08-12 江苏同盐环保科技有限公司 Organic garbage compost device
CN104829282B (en) * 2014-02-11 2018-01-30 江苏同盐环保科技有限公司 A kind of organic garbage composting device
CN104829278B (en) * 2014-02-11 2018-01-30 江苏同盐环保科技有限公司 A kind of organic waste composting treatment method
CN104829278A (en) * 2014-02-11 2015-08-12 江苏同盐环保科技有限公司 Organic garbage compost treatment method
CN104045402A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-09-17 覃仁安 Specific tea-oil tree compound fertilizer containing tung oil
CN104045401A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-09-17 覃仁安 Special tung-oil-containing compound fertilizer for tea trees
CN104045402B (en) * 2014-07-03 2016-04-13 覃仁安 A kind of oil tea compound fertilizer special containing tung oil
CN104045401B (en) * 2014-07-03 2016-04-13 覃仁安 A kind of tea tree compound fertilizer special containing tung oil
CN104341176A (en) * 2014-10-20 2015-02-11 广西华兴食品有限公司 Poultry manure treatment device
CN106007818A (en) * 2016-05-24 2016-10-12 徐州工程学院 Full-automatic-temperature-control refuse fermentation apparatus and operating method thereof
CN106007998A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-10-12 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Method for reducing nitrogen loss of compost
CN106216248A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-12-14 安徽笑堂茶业有限公司 A kind of Intelligent tea winnower
CN107285825A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-10-24 江苏农丰宝生物科技有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer fermentation method
CN109316701A (en) * 2017-07-31 2019-02-12 杭州时迈环境科技股份有限公司 The full-automatic unmanned house refuse apparatus for continuous treatment on duty of microkinetic
CN109293407A (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-02-01 大连理工大学 A kind of rubbish from cooking fast composting device and method
CN109704827A (en) * 2019-02-03 2019-05-03 王英宾 It can rotten organic solid waste fast degradation method
CN109812814A (en) * 2019-03-18 2019-05-28 王英宾 A kind of waste incineration improvement technique

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