CN103053454A - Precious marine product proliferation reef applicable to diversified mixed culture and use method of precious marine product proliferation reef - Google Patents

Precious marine product proliferation reef applicable to diversified mixed culture and use method of precious marine product proliferation reef Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103053454A
CN103053454A CN2013100028498A CN201310002849A CN103053454A CN 103053454 A CN103053454 A CN 103053454A CN 2013100028498 A CN2013100028498 A CN 2013100028498A CN 201310002849 A CN201310002849 A CN 201310002849A CN 103053454 A CN103053454 A CN 103053454A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
reefs
shell
marine product
reef
propagation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
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CN2013100028498A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张立斌
张涛
于波
阚仁涛
王志焕
史祖郡
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SHANDONG BLUE OCEAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHANDONG BLUE OCEAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN2013100028498A priority Critical patent/CN103053454A/en
Publication of CN103053454A publication Critical patent/CN103053454A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

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  • Artificial Fish Reefs (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to precious marine product proliferation facilities, in particular to a precious marine product proliferation reef used for diversified mixed culture of fishes, stichopus japonicus, abalones and the like and a use method of the precious marine product proliferation reef. The precious marine product proliferation reef comprises a reef shell and abalone and stichopus japonicus proliferation reefs held at the bottom of an inner cavity of the reef, the reef shell comprises a prism frustum frame type base and a square frame type reef shell body and is formed by pouring reinforced concrete, and the abalone and stichopus japonicus proliferation reefs are stones or other small proliferation reefs held at the bottom of the inner cavity of the whole reef. After the whole precious marine product proliferation reef is thrown into the flat seabed of a designated sea area, abalone and stichopus japonicus offspring seeds are thrown into the reef, and diversified culture and proliferation of algae, the stichopus japonicus and the abalones is achieved by means of natural luring concentration of fishes loving reefs. The reef can be used for diversified comprehensive culture of the fishes, the stichopus japonicus and the abalones, yield and quality of products are improved, and habitat restoration and sea area comprehensive use are benefited.

Description

A kind ofly be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs and using method thereof of raising together with
Technical field
The present invention relates to precious marine product propagation facility, specifically a kind of for polynary precious marine product propagation reefs and the using method thereof of raising together with such as fish, ginseng, Bao.
Background technology
Current, the aquatic breeding development of the precious marine products such as stichopus japonicus, Bao is swift and violent.Wherein, bottom sowing culture is owing to can simulate the natural environment of precious marine product existence, growth, and the excellent product quality of production is subject to consumer's favor.Stichopus japonicus, Bao bottom sowing culture extensively adopt reef or adherance, are only limited to stone, tile, pipe of cement, plastic tube etc., and there are the problems such as function singleness, complicated operation in these reefs or adherance.Piling up stone in breeding water body is the cultural method of the most widely used stichopus japonicus in producing at present, Bao etc.Although this mode has been simulated the natural growing environment of sea cucumber, culture efficiency is better, because that stone was piled up was low, only limits to the cultivation of stichopus japonicus, Bao, can't lure the fish gathering class, can not realize the comprehensive utilization to the sea area.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of polynary precious marine product propagation reefs and using method thereof of raising together with that be applicable to, solve the artificial reefs or the adherance that exist thrown in and have the problems such as function singleness, complicated operation.
The objective of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind ofly be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with, this precious marine product propagation reefs comprises the reefs shell and is loaded into the Bao ginseng propagation reef of whole reefs intracavity bottom that the side of reefs shell is provided with limbers and fish passage.
Describedly be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with, the limbers is positioned at the bottom of reefs shell, and the fish passage is positioned at the top of reefs shell, and the upper end of Bao ginseng propagation reef is lower than the fish passage.
Describedly be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with, the reefs shell is built by armored concrete and is formed.
Describedly be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with, the reefs shell is comprised of terrace with edge frame type base and frame type reefs shell, and terrace with edge frame type base is arranged at frame type reefs shell bottom, the terrace with edge frame type base formation inner chamber that communicates with frame type reefs shell.
Describedly be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with, each side of terrace with edge frame type base is provided with the limbers, and each side of frame type reefs shell is provided with the fish passage, and the upper end of Bao ginseng propagation reef is lower than the fish passage.
Describedly be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with, terrace with edge frame type base is the hollow truncated rectangular pyramids of the outer length of side 80-160cm of length of side 100-200cm outside the bottom surface, end face, high 20-50cm, thick 5-20cm, and each side of terrace with edge frame type base is provided with at least two limberss; Frame type reefs shell is the hollow cube structure of outer length of side 80-160cm, high 80-160cm, thick 5-20cm, and each side of frame type reefs shell is provided with the circular fish passage that at least two diameters are 5-20cm, and the reefs shell is built by armored concrete and formed.
Describedly be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with, Bao ginseng propagation reef is stone or other small-sized propagation reefs.
Describedly be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with, other small-sized propagation reefs are scallop shell or oyster shell.
The described using method that is applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with, behind the smooth bottom of whole precious marine product propagation reefs input appointment marine site, throw in the seed of stichopus japonicus and Bao in the reefs, love the reef fish by natural luring, realize the polynary aquaculture of algae Bao ginseng.
The described using method that is applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with, precious marine product propagation reefs is thrown in to the argillo arenaceous of specifying the marine site or sandy smooth bottom by lifting by the reefs allocation plan.
Advantage of the present invention and beneficial effect are:
1. the present invention adopts stereochemical structure, and bottom is used for the aquaculture of Bao, ginseng, and the upper strata is used for the collection that lures of fish, and stichopus japonicus can fish, the ight soil of Bao is for food, realizes many trophic level integrated culture, takes full advantage of breeding water body;
2. the present invention reduces the invasion and attack of harmful organisms, increases precious marine product output;
3. the present invention utilizes the sea area natural bait, and fully simulates the living environment of precious marine product, has improved the quality of precious marine product;
4. the present invention is easy and simple to handle, reduces labor intensity, and is convenient to management and results;
5. the present invention weakens cultivation to the impact of natural waters ecotope, is conducive to cultivate reparation and the comprehensive utilization of marine ecosystem environment.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the polynary perspective view of raising together with precious marine product propagation reefs of the present invention;
Wherein: 1 reefs shell, 2 Baos ginseng propagation reef, 3 terrace with edge frame type bases, 4 frame type reefs shells, 5 limberss, 6 fish passages.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, of the present inventionly be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with, comprise reefs shell 1 and be loaded into the Bao ginseng propagation reef 2 of reefs intracavity bottom, reefs shell 1 is comprised of terrace with edge frame type base 3 and frame type reefs shell 4, terrace with edge frame type base 3 is arranged at frame type reefs shell 4 bottoms, the terrace with edge frame type base 3 formation inner chamber that communicates with frame type reefs shell 4; Terrace with edge frame type base 3 is the hollow truncated rectangular pyramids of the outer length of side 100cm of length of side 120cm outside the bottom surface, end face, high 30cm, thick 10cm, and each side of terrace with edge frame type base 3 is provided with 3 limberss 5; Frame type reefs shell 4 is the hollow cube structure of outer length of side 100cm, high 100cm, thick 10cm, and each side of frame type reefs shell 4 is provided with the circular fish passage 6 that 6 diameters are 10cm, and reefs shell 1 is built by armored concrete and formed.
Bao ginseng propagation reef 2 is stone, and Bao ginseng propagation reef 2 is loaded into whole reefs intracavity bottom, and the upper end is lower than fish passage 6.
In the present embodiment, precious marine product propagation reefs is thrown in to the argillo arenaceous smooth bottom of Laizhou Wan Tu Shan surrounding waters by lifting by the reefs allocation plan, throw in the seed of stichopus japonicus and Bao in the reefs by the diver, love the reef fish by natural luring, realize the polynary aquaculture of algae Bao ginseng.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 1, of the present inventionly be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with, comprise reefs shell 1 and be loaded into the Bao ginseng propagation reef 2 of reefs intracavity bottom, reefs shell 1 is comprised of terrace with edge frame type base 3 and frame type reefs shell 4, terrace with edge frame type base 3 is arranged at frame type reefs shell 4 bottoms, the terrace with edge frame type base 3 formation inner chamber that communicates with frame type reefs shell 4; Terrace with edge frame type base 3 is the hollow truncated rectangular pyramids of the outer length of side 100cm of length of side 120cm outside the bottom surface, end face, high 30cm, thick 10cm, and each side of terrace with edge frame type base 3 is provided with 3 limberss 5; Frame type reefs shell 4 is the hollow cube structure of outer length of side 100cm, high 100cm, thick 10cm, and each side of frame type reefs shell 4 is provided with the circular fish passage 6 that 6 diameters are 10cm, and reefs shell 1 is built by armored concrete and formed.
Bao ginseng propagation reef 2 is oyster shell, and Bao ginseng propagation reef 2 is loaded into whole reefs intracavity bottom, and the upper end is lower than fish passage 6.
In the present embodiment, precious marine product propagation reefs is thrown in to the argillo arenaceous smooth bottom of surrounding waters, Laizhou Wan lotus island by lifting by the reefs allocation plan, throw in the seed of stichopus japonicus and Bao in the reefs by the diver, love the reef fish by natural luring, realize the polynary aquaculture of algae Bao ginseng.
Embodiment 3
As shown in Figure 1, of the present inventionly be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with, comprise reefs shell 1 and be loaded into the Bao ginseng propagation reef 2 of reefs intracavity bottom, reefs shell 1 is comprised of terrace with edge frame type base 3 and frame type reefs shell 4, terrace with edge frame type base 3 is arranged at frame type reefs shell 4 bottoms, the terrace with edge frame type base 3 formation inner chamber that communicates with frame type reefs shell 4; Terrace with edge frame type base 3 is the hollow truncated rectangular pyramids of the outer length of side 100cm of length of side 120cm outside the bottom surface, end face, high 30cm, thick 10cm, and each side of terrace with edge frame type base 3 is provided with 3 limberss 5; Frame type reefs shell 4 is the hollow cube structure of outer length of side 100cm, high 100cm, thick 10cm, and each side of frame type reefs shell 4 is provided with the circular fish passage 6 that 6 diameters are 10cm, and reefs shell 1 is built by armored concrete and formed.
Bao ginseng propagation reef 2 is scallop shell, and Bao ginseng propagation reef 2 is loaded into whole reefs intracavity bottom, and the upper end is lower than fish passage 6.
In the present embodiment, precious marine product propagation reefs is thrown in to the argillo arenaceous smooth bottom of surrounding waters, Laizhou Wan lotus island by lifting by the reefs allocation plan, throw in the seed of stichopus japonicus and Bao in the reefs by the diver, love the reef fish by natural luring, realize the polynary aquaculture of algae Bao ginseng.
Embodiment result shows, Bao ginseng propagation reef of the present invention adopts stone or other the small-sized propagation reefs that is loaded into whole reefs intracavity bottom, behind the smooth bottom of whole precious marine product propagation reefs input appointment marine site, throw in the seed of stichopus japonicus and Bao in the reefs, love the reef fish by natural luring, realize the polynary aquaculture of algae Bao ginseng.Reefs facility of the present invention can be used for the polynary integrated cultures such as fish ginseng Bao, has improved product yield and quality, is conducive to realize the comprehensive utilization in habitat rehabilitation and sea area.

Claims (10)

1. one kind is applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with, and it is characterized in that: this precious marine product propagation reefs comprises the reefs shell and is loaded into the Bao ginseng propagation reef of whole reefs intracavity bottom that the side of reefs shell is provided with limbers and fish passage.
2. be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with according to claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the limbers is positioned at the bottom of reefs shell, and the fish passage is positioned at the top of reefs shell, and the upper end of Bao ginseng propagation reef is lower than the fish passage.
3. be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with according to claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the reefs shell is built by armored concrete and is formed.
4. be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with according to claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the reefs shell is comprised of terrace with edge frame type base and frame type reefs shell, terrace with edge frame type base is arranged at frame type reefs shell bottom, the terrace with edge frame type base formation inner chamber that communicates with frame type reefs shell.
5. be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with according to claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: each side of terrace with edge frame type base is provided with the limbers, each side of frame type reefs shell is provided with the fish passage, and the upper end of Bao ginseng propagation reef is lower than the fish passage.
6. be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with according to claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: terrace with edge frame type base is the hollow truncated rectangular pyramids of the outer length of side 80-160cm of length of side 100-200cm outside the bottom surface, end face, high 20-50cm, thick 5-20cm, and each side of terrace with edge frame type base is provided with at least two limberss; Frame type reefs shell is the hollow cube structure of outer length of side 80-160cm, high 80-160cm, thick 5-20cm, and each side of frame type reefs shell is provided with the circular fish passage that at least two diameters are 5-20cm, and the reefs shell is built by armored concrete and formed.
7. be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with according to claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: Bao ginseng propagation reef is stone or other small-sized propagation reefs.
8. be applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with according to claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: other small-sized propagation reefs are scallop shell or oyster shell.
9. according to the using method that is applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: after whole precious marine product propagation reefs is thrown in appointment marine site smooth bottom, throw in the seed of stichopus japonicus and Bao in the reefs, love the reef fish by natural luring, realize the polynary aquaculture of algae Bao ginseng.
10. by the described using method that is applicable to polynary precious marine product propagation reefs of raising together with of claim 9, it is characterized in that: precious marine product propagation reefs is thrown in to the argillo arenaceous of specifying the marine site or sandy smooth bottom by lifting by the reefs allocation plan.
CN2013100028498A 2013-01-05 2013-01-05 Precious marine product proliferation reef applicable to diversified mixed culture and use method of precious marine product proliferation reef Pending CN103053454A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106234266A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-21 青岛金沙海洋科技有限公司 A kind of method of the oyster bioherm district alive ecological aquaculture of algae shellfish ginseng
CN111387119A (en) * 2020-03-27 2020-07-10 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Sea reef suitable for seeding abalones at bottom of sea area with sediment bottom and aquaculture method
CN114051958A (en) * 2021-11-25 2022-02-18 烟台市海洋经济研究院(烟台市渔业技术推广站、烟台市海洋捕捞增殖管理站) Deep sea abalone culture method
CN115713232A (en) * 2022-11-12 2023-02-24 山东省海洋资源与环境研究院(山东省海洋环境监测中心、山东省水产品质量检验中心) Apostichopus japonicus bottom sowing proliferation risk joint defense early warning system

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KR100765849B1 (en) * 2007-03-06 2007-10-10 주식회사 정석종합건설 Tower type steel artificial fishing reef
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KR100994531B1 (en) * 2010-03-10 2010-11-15 주식회사 오션 Ceramic composition and fishing reef block for recovering ocean ecology using the same
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CN102388830A (en) * 2011-12-06 2012-03-28 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Multi-layer composite type propagating reef
CN202535898U (en) * 2011-12-14 2012-11-21 国家海洋局第一海洋研究所 Combined type multilayer complex artificial reef for farming pond Apostichopus japonicus
CN203040415U (en) * 2013-01-05 2013-07-10 山东蓝色海洋科技股份有限公司 Multiplication reef applicable to multi-element polyculture of fish and trepang and abalone

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06237667A (en) * 1993-02-16 1994-08-30 Asahi Chem Ind Co Ltd Fish reef
JP2005143457A (en) * 2003-11-19 2005-06-09 Wako Concrete Kogyo Kk Composite type artificial reef and method for producing the same
KR100762820B1 (en) * 2006-03-24 2007-10-04 한국해양연구원 Stone pagoda style multifucntional artificial reef
KR100765849B1 (en) * 2007-03-06 2007-10-10 주식회사 정석종합건설 Tower type steel artificial fishing reef
CN201451037U (en) * 2009-07-21 2010-05-12 上海海洋大学 Precious sea product proliferation and culture type artificial reef
KR100994531B1 (en) * 2010-03-10 2010-11-15 주식회사 오션 Ceramic composition and fishing reef block for recovering ocean ecology using the same
CN201640196U (en) * 2010-04-15 2010-11-24 上海海洋大学 Combined type step-shaped artificial fish reef
CN102388830A (en) * 2011-12-06 2012-03-28 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Multi-layer composite type propagating reef
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106234266A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-21 青岛金沙海洋科技有限公司 A kind of method of the oyster bioherm district alive ecological aquaculture of algae shellfish ginseng
CN106234266B (en) * 2016-07-29 2019-04-19 青岛金沙海洋科技有限公司 A kind of method of oyster bioherm area algae-shellfish-ginseng ecology aquaculture living
CN111387119A (en) * 2020-03-27 2020-07-10 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Sea reef suitable for seeding abalones at bottom of sea area with sediment bottom and aquaculture method
CN114051958A (en) * 2021-11-25 2022-02-18 烟台市海洋经济研究院(烟台市渔业技术推广站、烟台市海洋捕捞增殖管理站) Deep sea abalone culture method
CN115713232A (en) * 2022-11-12 2023-02-24 山东省海洋资源与环境研究院(山东省海洋环境监测中心、山东省水产品质量检验中心) Apostichopus japonicus bottom sowing proliferation risk joint defense early warning system
CN115713232B (en) * 2022-11-12 2024-04-23 山东省海洋资源与环境研究院(山东省海洋环境监测中心、山东省水产品质量检验中心) Stichopus japonicus bottom sowing proliferation risk joint defense early warning system

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Application publication date: 20130424