CN103049118B - A kind of method and apparatus judging grip state on touch apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of method and apparatus judging grip state on touch apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103049118B
CN103049118B CN201110311601.0A CN201110311601A CN103049118B CN 103049118 B CN103049118 B CN 103049118B CN 201110311601 A CN201110311601 A CN 201110311601A CN 103049118 B CN103049118 B CN 103049118B
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China
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contact area
touch
contact
approximate
state
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CN201110311601.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103049118A (en
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查文
李贝
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北京搜狗科技发展有限公司
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Publication of CN103049118A publication Critical patent/CN103049118A/en
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Abstract

This application provides and a kind ofly on touch apparatus, judge the method and apparatus of grip state, a kind of adaptation method based on user's handling state and a kind of system based on user's handling state, wherein, touch apparatus judges that the method for grip state specifically comprises and receive the contact data of user on touch apparatus; According to described contact data, determine corresponding contact area; According to the parameter of described contact area, judge the grip state of user according to the physiological property of staff.The application can improve the accuracy of the result of determination of grip state.

Description

A kind of method and apparatus judging grip state on touch apparatus

Technical field

The application relates to touching technique field, particularly relates to a kind ofly on touch apparatus, judging the method and apparatus of grip state, a kind of adaptation method based on user's handling state and a kind of system based on user's handling state.

Background technology

At present, along with the development of information and mechanics of communication and semiconductor technology, the touch apparatus such as mobile phone, panel computer, music player are widely used.

Touch apparatus generally has flat platelike profile, and it generally includes front, the back side and multiple side.Normally, touch apparatus designs to be hold by one hand to user and operates, or, hold another hand on the other hand and operate.On these touch apparatus, the interface of most of application program is changeless, and specialized designs uses to the right hand, is embodied in the details such as interface layout, button putting position.

But, when the environment residing for user is different, such as ride, hand-held coffee or handbag time, the right hand may be occupied, now needs to use left-handed.When being under this operational scenarios, operating efficiency can be affected.Such as, when left-handed touch-screen mobile phone uses 9 key dummy keyboards to carry out text event detection, left hand thumb is difficult to by first candidate word, and this first-selected word normally the most accurately that, such input efficiency can be had a greatly reduced quality.

If can inform the gripping gesture that application user is current, then application program can adjust the details such as skins, mode of operation in time, to adapt to different user operation sights.For this reason, a kind of judging input habit method of prior art judges the input habit of user, and determines according to result of determination the gripping gesture that user is current, with reference to Fig. 1, specifically can comprise:

Step 101, detect one of a touch surface by a touch sensor and move;

Step 102, judge an input habit according to this motion track.

Wherein, when this move be slid into upper right side by the lower left on this touch surface, slid into right by the left on this touch surface or slide in a right side area on this touch surface time, judge that this input habit inputs as a right hand.Now, can think that user is in right hand grip state, and call the corresponding interface, notification application adjusts.

Lower left by this touch surface is slid into top-right movement and is judged to be right hand grip state by prior art, but, frequently can use the above-mentioned lower left by this touch surface and slide into top-right movement in a lot of application program, such as, the movement that stroke input or drawing produce, or even the movement that the dirty adept finger of screen brushes generation is all easy to meet with above-mentioned movement; Also namely, user's operation in the application and regular job is all easy causes interference to result of determination, thus affect the accuracy of result of determination.

In a word, the technical matters needing those skilled in the art urgently to solve is exactly: the accuracy that how can improve the result of determination of grip state.

Summary of the invention

Technical problems to be solved in this application are to provide a kind of method and apparatus judging grip state, can improve the accuracy of the result of determination of grip state.

Accordingly, present invention also provides the specific grip state obtained according to above-mentioned judgement, application programs carries out adaptive a kind of adaptation method based on user's handling state and a kind of system based on user's handling state.

In order to solve the problem, this application discloses a kind of method judging grip state on touch apparatus, comprising:

Receive the contact data of user on touch apparatus;

According to described contact data, determine corresponding contact area;

According to the parameter of described contact area, judge the grip state of user according to the physiological property of staff.

Preferably, the described parameter according to described contact area, judges the step of the grip state of user, comprising according to the physiological property of staff:

The canonical parameter of the contact area of the parameter of described contact area and certain specific grip state is compared, if comparative result is in preset range, then judges that the grip state of user is as this specific grip state.

Preferably, the parameter of described contact area comprises the shape of contact area, and/or trend, and/or distribution.

Preferably, the parameter of described contact area is obtained by following steps:

Obtain the peripheral coordinate points of described contact area;

By connecting all or part of described peripheral coordinate points, produce the profile of described contact area;

According to the profile of described contact area, determine the shape of described contact area;

According to the profile of described contact area relative to the direction of reference point, obtain the trend of described contact area;

According to the central point of the profile of described contact area relative to the position of reference point, obtain the distribution of described contact area.

Preferably, for the touch apparatus of one side touch screen, the standard trend of the contact area of left-handed state is for be extended to lower-left from upper right, and shape is ellipse or sub-elliptical type; The standard trend of the contact area of right hand grip state is for be extended to bottom right from upper left, and shape is ellipse or sub-elliptical type.

Preferably, for touch apparatus that is two-sided and/or two-sided and side touch screen, the many places contact that the standard profile of the contact area of right hand grip state comprises back side touch screen contacts with a place of touch apparatus right side edge, and shape is Ji type or approximate Ji type;

The many places contact that the standard profile of the contact area of left-handed state comprises back side touch screen contacts with a place of touch apparatus left side edge, and shape is E type or approximate E type;

The standard profile of the contact area of hands grasping state comprises the place contact at edge, the touch apparatus left and right sides.

Preferably, for the touch apparatus with back side touch screen, the standard profile of the contact area of left hand holding state comprises the C type at the back side or approximate C type palm and thumb contact, and other finger contact of one to four bar shaped or approximate bar shaped; Or comprise " recessed " font at the back side or the palm contacts of approximate " recessed " font, and the thumb contact of bar shaped on the left of " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font or approximate bar shaped;

The standard profile of the contact area of right hand holding state comprises the back side type or approximate type palm and thumb contact, and other finger contact of one to four bar shaped or approximate bar shaped; Or comprise " recessed " font at the back side or the palm contacts of approximate " recessed " font, and the thumb contact of bar shaped on the right side of " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font or approximate bar shaped.

Preferably, described method also comprises:

Receive user's moving on touch apparatus to operate and corresponding Mobile data;

According to described Mobile data, determine that the shape of corresponding mobile touch area is rectangular linear or approximate rectangular linear.

On the other hand, disclosed herein as well is a kind of device judging grip state on touch apparatus, comprising:

Touch detection module, for receiving the contact data of user on touch apparatus;

Contact area determination module, for according to described contact data, determines corresponding contact area; And

Gesture recognition module, for the parameter according to described contact area, judges the grip state of user according to the physiological property of staff.

Preferably, described gesture recognition module comprises:

Comparison sub-module, the canonical parameter for the contact area by the parameter of described contact area and certain specific grip state compares, if comparative result is in preset range, then judges that the grip state of user is as this specific grip state.

Preferably, the parameter of described contact area comprises the shape of contact area, and/or trend, and/or distribution.

Preferably, described device also comprises parameter acquisition module, comprising:

Peripheral acquisition submodule, for obtaining the peripheral coordinate points of described contact area;

Profile produces submodule, for by connecting all or part of described peripheral coordinate points, produces the profile of described contact area;

Shape determination submodule, for the profile according to described contact area, determines the shape of described contact area;

Move towards to obtain submodule, for the profile according to described contact area relative to the direction of reference point, obtain the trend of described contact area; And

Distributed acquisition submodule, for the central point of the profile according to described contact area relative to the position of reference point, obtains the distribution of described contact area.

Preferably, for the touch apparatus of one side touch screen, the standard trend of the contact area of left-handed state is for be extended to lower-left from upper right, and shape is ellipse or sub-elliptical type; The standard trend of the contact area of right hand grip state is for be extended to bottom right from upper left, and shape is ellipse or sub-elliptical type.

Preferably, for touch apparatus that is two-sided and/or two-sided and side touch screen, the many places contact that the standard profile of the contact area of right hand grip state comprises back side touch screen contacts with a place of touch apparatus right side edge, and shape is Ji type or approximate Ji type;

The many places contact that the standard profile of the contact area of left-handed state comprises back side touch screen contacts with a place of touch apparatus left side edge, and shape is E type or approximate E type;

The standard profile of the contact area of hands grasping state comprises the place contact at edge, the touch apparatus left and right sides.

Preferably, for the touch apparatus with back side touch screen, the standard profile of the contact area of left hand holding state comprises the C type at the back side or approximate C type palm and thumb contact, and other finger contact of one to four bar shaped or approximate bar shaped; Or comprise " recessed " font at the back side or the palm contacts of approximate " recessed " font, and the thumb contact of bar shaped on the left of " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font or approximate bar shaped;

The standard profile of the contact area of right hand holding state comprises the back side type or approximate type palm and thumb contact, and other finger contact of one to four bar shaped or approximate bar shaped; Or comprise " recessed " font at the back side or the palm contacts of approximate " recessed " font, and the thumb contact of bar shaped on the right side of " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font or approximate bar shaped.

Preferably, described device also comprises:

Mobile operation receiver module, operates and corresponding Mobile data for receiving user's moving on touch apparatus;

Mobile touch area determination module, for according to described Mobile data, determines that the shape of corresponding mobile touch area is rectangular linear or approximate rectangular linear.

On the other hand, disclosed herein as well is a kind of adaptation method based on user's handling state, it is characterized in that, comprising:

Adopt preceding method, judge that the grip state of user is as certain specific grip state;

According to result of determination, the application program run on touch apparatus is adjusted to mode of operation corresponding to this specific grip state.

Preferably, described method also comprises:

Receive first operation and corresponding first of user on touch apparatus and contact data;

According to described first contact data, determine corresponding first contact area;

When the duration of described first contact area is greater than preset durations, ignore described first operation.

On the other hand, disclosed herein as well is a kind of system based on user's handling state, comprising: the aforementioned device judging grip state on touch apparatus, and based on the adaptive device of user's handling state;

The described adaptive device based on user's handling state specifically comprises:

Adjusting module, for according to result of determination, is adjusted to mode of operation corresponding to this specific grip state by the application program run on touch apparatus.

Preferably, the described adaptive device based on user's handling state also comprises:

First operation receiver module, contacts data for receiving first operation and corresponding first of user on touch apparatus;

First contact area determination module, for according to described first contact data, determines corresponding first contact area;

Module is ignored in operation, for when the duration of described first contact area is greater than preset durations, ignores described first operation.

Compared with prior art, the application comprises following advantage:

The application, according to the contact data of user on touch apparatus, determines corresponding contact area, and according to the parameter of described contact area, judges the grip state of user according to the physiological property of staff; Like this, can based on the preset various decision plan of the physiological property of staff, coincide with contact area under judging described contact area and which kind of grip state; Owing to adopting based on the decision plan of the physiological property of staff, and described decision plan meets objective law and be not transfer with subjective will, therefore can avoid the interference to result of determination such as mobile operation, thus improves the accuracy of result of determination.

Secondly, the shape of the corresponding mobile touch area of mobile operation can be considered as rectangular linear or approximate rectangular linear by the application, the parameter such as shape (oval or sub-elliptical, E type or approximate E type, Ji type or approximate Ji type), trend of itself and preset contact area is all different.Therefore, relative to prior art, easily this kind of mobile operation can be eliminated when judging, avoiding the interference of this kind of mobile operation to result of determination.

Moreover determination strategy is automatic, does not need first term, the track not needing user to remember or action, everything is all carried out on backstage by machine, need not user intervention, to user's not burden; Further, in prior art, the interface being applied in the most of application programs on touch apparatus is changeless, and specialized designs uses to the right hand, is embodied in the details such as interface layout, button putting position.Because described application program according to the result of determination of grip state, can be adjusted to mode of operation corresponding to this specific grip state by the application.For input method, interface of input method can be switched at once the skins of applicable left-handed operation, now, user can press various major key more glibly, improves operating efficiency and comfort level.

Further, described first operation, when judging that corresponding first contact area of the first operation belongs to the region corresponding to grip state, is considered as maloperation and takes the operation ignored, with the true intention avoiding maloperation to depart from user by the application.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the schematic flow sheet of a kind of judging input habit method of prior art;

Fig. 2 is a kind of process flow diagram judging the embodiment of the method for grip state on touch apparatus of the application;

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the frame of reference and contact area on a kind of application scenarios of the application 1 time mobile phone;

Fig. 4 is a kind of structural drawing judging the device embodiment of grip state on touch apparatus of the application;

Fig. 5 is the process flow diagram of a kind of adaptation method embodiment based on user's handling state of the application;

Fig. 6 is the structural drawing of a kind of system embodiment based on user's handling state of the application.

Embodiment

For enabling above-mentioned purpose, the feature and advantage of the application more become apparent, below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the application is described in further detail.

User is gripping in the process using touch apparatus, and according to the physiological property of staff, under different grip state, the contact area that staff stays on the touch screen induction regions such as the front of touch apparatus, side, the back side is different often.

One of core idea of the embodiment of the present application is, according to the contact data of user on touch apparatus, determines corresponding contact area, and according to the parameter of described contact area, the physiological property based on staff judges which kind of grip state described contact area belongs to.

With reference to Fig. 2, show a kind of process flow diagram judging the embodiment of the method for grip state on touch apparatus of the application, comprising:

Step 201, the contact data of reception user on touch apparatus;

The application can be applied to the various touch apparatus with touch screen, as multimedia player, personal digital assistant, GPS device, mobile phone, panel computer etc., these touch apparatus generally include front, the back side and multiple side, and front wherein, the back side and multiple side all can arrange touch screen.

The application can provide following application scenarios:

Application scenarios 1,

Squeeze in the process of subway user, the right hand holds handle; When receiving note, needing to open mobile phone with left hand and replying.In a moment pinning screen leftward and follow-up operating process, this step all detects the contact data of left hand on touch apparatus by the sensor on touch apparatus.

Application scenarios 2,

Use in the process of panel computer user.A kind of typical attitude is that left hand is arrested on the left of machine, and the right hand operates.In whole use procedure, this step all detects the contact data of right-hand man on touch apparatus by the sensor on touch apparatus.

Step 202, according to described contact data, determine corresponding contact area;

When receiving described contact data, by converting them to contact coordinate, corresponding contact area can be determined.

According to the difference of induction mode, existing touch-screen roughly can be divided into four classes such as resistance-type, condenser type, infrared-type, Supersonic waves.For capacitance plate, 4 electrodes can be drawn in four angles with screen.When human body (such as pointing) touching touch-screen, the size of electric current can be changed.When detecting that this changes, can calculate according to the ratio flowing out corner electric current, obtaining the accurate coordinates of touch point.According to the coordinate of all touch points, corresponding contact area can be determined.

Step 203, parameter according to described contact area, judge the grip state of user according to the physiological property of staff.

In specific implementation, can based on the canonical parameter of the contact area of the physiological property of staff certain specific grip state preset.When judging, the canonical parameter of the contact area of the parameter of described contact area and certain specific grip state being compared, if comparative result is in preset range, then can judge that the grip state of user is as this specific grip state.

In practice, the parameter of described contact area specifically can comprise the shape of contact area, and/or trend, and/or distribution etc.Based on the physiological property of staff, the application can provide the canonical parameter of the contact area of certain specific grip state of different touch apparatus:

One, the touch apparatus of one side touch screen

When user holds the touch apparatus of one side touch screen, because the restriction of staff physiological property, its thumb contact region can be:

1) contact range of left hand-held set thumb is extended to lower-left from upper right;

2) contact range of right hand-held set thumb is extended to bottom right from upper left.

Can learn, the specific grip state of the touch apparatus of one side touch screen can comprise right hand grip state and left-handed state, the canonical parameter in corresponding contact region can comprise respectively: the standard trend of the contact area of left-handed state is for be extended to lower-left from upper right, and shape is ellipse or sub-elliptical type; The standard trend of the contact area of right hand grip state is for be extended to bottom right from upper left, and shape is ellipse or sub-elliptical type.

Two, the touch apparatus of two-sided and/or two-sided and side touch screen

When user holds the touch apparatus of two-sided and side touch screen, because the restriction of staff physiological property, its contact area can be:

1) during right hand-held set, back side touch screen has many places to contact (forefinger, middle finger, the third finger, little finger of toe or palm), and touch apparatus right side edge has place's contact (tiger's jaw and/or palm), is Ji type or the contact of approximate Ji type; It should be noted that, said in the application " Ji type or approximate Ji type " refers to that there is the vertical contact being approximately parallel to lateral edge on right side, and with this place vertically making contact to certain angle to strip-shaped contact everywhere, strip-shaped contact is in the left side of this vertical contact.Being called " Ji type or approximate Ji type " is for convenience of description, and not as the considered critical to shape.

2) during left hand-held set, back side touch screen has many places to contact (forefinger, middle finger, the third finger, little finger of toe or palm), and touch apparatus left side edge has place's contact (tiger's jaw and/or palm), is E type or the contact of approximate E type; It should be noted that, said in the application " E type or approximate E type " refers to that there is the vertical contact being approximately parallel to lateral edge in left side, and with this place vertically making contact to certain angle to strip-shaped contact everywhere, the right side that strip-shaped contact vertically contacts at this.Being called " E type or approximate E type " is for convenience of description, and not as the considered critical to shape.

3) during held by both hands machine, then respectively there is place contact at edge, the touch apparatus left and right sides.

Can learn, the specific grip state of the touch apparatus of two-sided and/or two-sided and side touch screen can comprise right hand grip state, left-handed state and hands grasping state, and the canonical parameter in corresponding contact region can comprise respectively:

For touch apparatus that is two-sided and/or two-sided and side touch screen, the many places contact that the standard profile of the contact area of right hand grip state can comprise back side touch screen contacts with a place of touch apparatus right side edge, and shape is Ji type or approximate Ji type;

The many places contact that the standard profile of the contact area of left-handed state can comprise back side touch screen contacts with a place of touch apparatus left side edge, and shape is E type or approximate E type;

The standard profile of the contact area of hands grasping state can comprise the place contact at edge, the touch apparatus left and right sides.

To the touch apparatus of two-sided touch screen, side can be the casing with pressure sensitive device, the contact of energy perception side.

Three, there is the touch apparatus of back side touch screen

When user hold the back side have a touch apparatus of touch screen time because the restriction of staff physiological property, its contact area can be:

1) when left hand is held, rear-face contact region is C type or approximate C type, C type originates in the contact at thumb and the back side, C type end extends to finger place, whether separate depending on finger can be one to four narrower bar shaped or approximate strip shaped contact (when finger separates), or a wider bar shaped or approximate strip shaped contact (when finger closes up);

If adopt left hand to hold machine of the holding mode of touch apparatus coboundary, palm place, rear-face contact region is " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font, and there is the thumb contact region of bar shaped or approximate bar shaped in the left side of " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font, thumb contact region left, to upper left or upwards extend;

2), when the right hand is held, equipment rear-face contact region is type or approximate type, type originates in the contact at thumb and the back side, type end extends to finger place, and whether separate depending on finger can be the bar shaped of to four or approximate strip shaped contact (when finger separates), or a wider bar shaped or approximate strip shaped contact (when finger closes up);

If adopt the right hand to hold machine of the holding mode of touch apparatus coboundary, palm place, rear-face contact region is " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font, and there is the thumb contact region of bar shaped or approximate bar shaped on the right side of " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font, thumb contact region to the right, to upper right or upwards extend.

Can learn, the specific grip state with the touch apparatus of back side touch screen can comprise left hand holding state and right hand holding state, the canonical parameter in corresponding contact region can comprise respectively:

The standard profile of the contact area of left hand holding state can comprise the C type at the back side or approximate C type palm and thumb contact, and other finger contact of one to four bar shaped or approximate bar shaped; " recessed " font at the back side or the palm contacts of approximate " recessed " font can also be comprised, and the thumb contact of bar shaped on the left of " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font or approximate bar shaped;

The standard profile of the contact area of right hand holding state can comprise the back side type or approximate type palm and thumb contact, and other finger contact of one to four bar shaped or approximate bar shaped; " recessed " font at the back side or the palm contacts of approximate " recessed " font can also be comprised, and the thumb contact of bar shaped on the right side of " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font or approximate bar shaped.

In a preferred embodiment of the present application, the parameter of described contact area can be obtained by following steps:

Steps A 1, obtain the peripheral coordinate points of described contact area;

Such as, for the determined contact area of step 202, first can carry out discretize to it, be decomposed into the point of various discrete, then, find in contact area and be positioned at outermost discrete point, be also peripheral coordinate points.

Steps A 2, by connect all or part of described peripheral coordinate points, produce the profile of described contact area;

Steps A 3, profile according to described contact area, determine the shape of described contact area;

For the touch apparatus of one side touch screen, usually only there is place's contact (thumb contact), therefore all or part of described peripheral coordinate points can be connected to form the profile of a contact area by straight line.For application scenarios 1, left hand thumb forms the profile of a contact area on the touch screen of mobile phone front, and can determine that the shape of this contact area is sub-elliptical type.

In particular cases, two contact areas that the contact of two places is formed are had.For application scenarios 2, left hand forms the profile of the contact area of a sub-elliptical type in the left side of panel computer touch screen, and meanwhile, right finger also forms the profile of the contact area of a sub-elliptical type on right side.

And for two-sided and/or two-sided and side touch screen touch apparatus and there is the touch apparatus of back side touch screen, often there is many places contact, therefore all or part of described peripheral coordinate points can be connected to form the profile of multiple contact area by straight line, and the shape of each contact area can be obtained further, as E type, bar shaped or rectangle etc.

Certainly, except straight line connects, all or part of described peripheral coordinate points can also be connected to form the profile of contact area by curve, do not limited at this,

Steps A 4, according to the profile of described contact area relative to the direction of reference point, obtain the trend of described contact area;

In specific implementation, can set up the frame of reference, horizontal ordinate is x, and ordinate is y, so, can true origin (0,0) as reference point.With reference to Fig. 3, show the schematic diagram of the frame of reference and contact area on application scenarios 1 time mobile phone, it is true origin (0 with the upper left corner on mobile phone, 0), y-axis is down, elliptic region in figure represents the contact area that left hand thumb is formed on the touch screen of mobile phone front, then can represent the trend of this elliptic region with the angle α of the major axis of this elliptic region or minor axis and x-axis.

Certainly, just exemplarily, those skilled in the art can adopt any means obtain and describe described trend, and the application is not limited this for the method for the trend of the described contact area of above-mentioned acquisition and the description of trend.

Steps A 5, according to the central point of the profile of described contact area relative to the position of reference point, obtain the distribution of described contact area.

If there is multiple contact area, this step then needs to obtain the position of central point relative to true origin (0,0) respectively.

When the canonical parameter of the contact area by the parameter of described contact area and certain specific grip state compares, if adopt multiple parameter, can compare separately.Suppose have employed shape and move towards two parameters, then, when the corresponding comparative result of shape and trend is all in preset range, can judge that the grip state of user is as this specific grip state.

At vpg connection, the registration (or misalignment) of two shapes can be compared.For the contact shape of thumb, in practice, if gather the contact data of user under various grip state, thus the canonical parameter of the contact area of preset specific grip state; What then compare is the registration of identical thumb, now, can arrange larger by registration threshold value, as 95%.And if canonical parameter is according to the contact data initialization of non-user under various grip state, the shape due to different thumb has difference, therefore can arrange less registration threshold value, as 80% etc.Normally, if the registration of the two is greater than registration threshold value, then think that comparative result is in preset range, the misalignment of the two is less than misalignment threshold value, then think that comparative result is in preset range, the application is not limited the concrete setting of registration or misalignment and concrete numerical value.

In moving towards, can according to the sample data gathered, the standard angle scope of the contact area of preset specific grip state, if by the trend of described contact area within the scope of this standard angle, then thinks that comparative result is in preset range.

For application scenarios 1, the touch shape that identical left hand thumb is formed on the touchscreen is identical, but each grip position difference determines trend and distribution changes simultaneously.Therefore actual specific comparatively time, can also using trend and distribution as a pair parameter, jointly compare.

For application scenarios 1, the parameter supposing the contact area that left hand thumb is formed on the touch screen of mobile phone front all leftward in the standard trend of the contact area of grip state and the preset range of shape, then can judge that user is in left-handed state.For application scenarios 2, although right-hand man forms a contact area respectively on panel computer, but, in the preset range of the parameter of the contact area formed in the left side of panel computer touch screen due to the left hand canonical parameter of the contact area of grip state leftward, therefore also can judge that this user is in left-handed state.

Above the comparison procedure of shape, trend and distribution three parameters is illustrated, be appreciated that the comparative approach of the application is not limited to above-mentioned example.Further, the parameter of the application is also not limited to above-mentioned three parameters, and the application is not limited concrete parameter and concrete comparison procedure.

The application is according to the parameter of described contact area, and the physiological property based on staff judges which kind of grip state described contact area belongs to.The application provide only the canonical parameter of the contact area of certain specific grip state of three kinds of touch apparatus, in fact, those skilled in the art can also according to the use habit of the physiological property of staff, the size shape of touch apparatus and handling characteristics, user, the canonical parameter of the contact area of certain specific grip state of other touch apparatus preset, the canonical parameter of the application to the contact area of certain specific grip state of concrete touch apparatus is not also limited.

In a preferred embodiment of the present application, described method can also comprise:

Receive user's moving on touch apparatus to operate and corresponding Mobile data;

According to described Mobile data, determine that corresponding moving contact region is rectangular linear shape.

Usually the mobile operation sliding up and down or horizontally slip can be used in a lot of application program, the corresponding moving contact region of mobile operation can be considered as rectangular linear shape by the application, and the parameters such as its shape with preset contact area (ellipse or E type or bar shaped), trend are all different; Especially, due to the rectangular linear shape for finger motion track on touch apparatus, bar shaped is the shape of this contact area on touch apparatus of finger, therefore the difference of the two is, the former is narrower longer, and the latter is wider shorter.Therefore, relative to prior art, easily this kind of mobile operation can be eliminated when judging, avoiding the interference of this kind of mobile operation to result of determination.

In a word, the application is according to the parameter of described contact area, and those skilled in the art can based on the preset various decision plan of the physiological property of staff, thus under judging described contact area and which kind of grip state, contact area coincide, and its tool has the following advantages:

1, owing to adopting based on the decision plan of the physiological property of staff, and described decision plan meets objective law and be not transfer with subjective will, therefore can improve the accuracy of result of determination, avoids the interference to result of determination such as mobile operation;

2, determination strategy is automatic, does not need first term, the track not needing user to remember or action, and everything is all carried out on backstage by machine, need not user intervention, to user's not burden;

3, especially, easily mobile operation can be eliminated when judging, avoiding the interference of this kind of mobile operation to result of determination, therefore there is the advantage judging that noise is little, support on main dependence hardware and identification, require very low to the performance accuracy of user itself;

4, the function (such as handwriting input, paddling page turning etc.) not disturbing application program self to possess.

Corresponding to preceding method embodiment, disclosed herein as well is a kind of device judging grip state on touch apparatus, with reference to Fig. 4, specifically can comprise:

Touch detection module 401, for receiving the contact data of user on touch apparatus;

Contact area determination module 402, for according to described contact data, determines corresponding contact area; And

Gesture recognition module 403, for the parameter according to described contact area, judges the grip state of user according to the physiological property of staff.

In a preferred embodiment of the present application, described gesture recognition module 303 may further include:

Comparison sub-module, the canonical parameter for the contact area by the parameter of described contact area and certain specific grip state compares, if comparative result is in preset range, then judges that the grip state of user is as this specific grip state.

In the embodiment of the present application, preferably, the parameter of described contact area specifically can comprise the shape of contact area, and/or trend, and/or distribution etc.

In another preferred embodiment of the application, described device can also comprise:

Parameter acquisition module, may further include:

Peripheral acquisition submodule, for obtaining the peripheral coordinate points of described contact area;

Profile produces submodule, for by connecting all or part of described peripheral coordinate points, produces the profile of described contact area;

Shape determination submodule, for the profile according to described contact area, determines the shape of described contact area;

Move towards to obtain submodule, for the profile according to described contact area relative to the direction of reference point, obtain the trend of described contact area; And

Distributed acquisition submodule, for the central point of the profile according to described contact area relative to the position of reference point, obtains the distribution of described contact area.

In a preferred embodiment of the present application, for the touch apparatus of one side touch screen, the standard trend of the contact area of left-handed state can for be extended to lower-left from upper right, and shape is ellipse or sub-elliptical type; The standard trend of the contact area of right hand grip state can for be extended to bottom right from upper left, and shape is ellipse or sub-elliptical type.

In another preferred embodiment of the present application, for touch apparatus that is two-sided and/or two-sided and side touch screen, the many places contact that the standard profile of the contact area of right hand grip state specifically can comprise back side touch screen contacts with a place of touch apparatus right side edge, and shape is Ji type or approximate Ji type;

The many places contact that the standard profile of the contact area of left-handed state specifically can comprise back side touch screen contacts with a place of touch apparatus left side edge, and shape is E type or approximate E type;

The standard profile of the contact area of hands grasping state specifically can comprise the place contact at edge, the touch apparatus left and right sides.

In another preferred embodiment of the application, for the touch apparatus with back side touch screen, the standard profile of the contact area of left hand holding state specifically can comprise the C type at the back side or approximate C type palm and thumb contact, and other finger contact of one to four bar shaped or approximate bar shaped; Or comprise " recessed " font at the back side or the palm contacts of approximate " recessed " font, and the thumb contact of bar shaped on the left of " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font or approximate bar shaped;

The standard profile of the contact area of right hand holding state specifically can comprise the back side type or approximate type palm and thumb contact, and other finger contact of one to four bar shaped or approximate bar shaped; Or comprise " recessed " font at the back side or the palm contacts of approximate " recessed " font, and the thumb contact of bar shaped on the right side of " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font or approximate bar shaped.

In a preferred embodiment of the present application, described device can also comprise:

Mobile operation receiver module, operates and corresponding Mobile data for receiving user's moving on touch apparatus;

Mobile touch area determination module, for according to described Mobile data, determines that corresponding mobile touch area is rectangular linear shape.

For the device embodiment judging grip state on touch apparatus, due to itself and the embodiment of the method basic simlarity judging grip state on touch apparatus, so description is fairly simple, relevant part illustrates see the part of the embodiment of the method judging grip state on touch apparatus.

With reference to Fig. 5, show the process flow diagram of a kind of adaptation method embodiment based on user's handling state of the application, specifically can comprise:

Step 501, the contact data of reception user on touch apparatus;

Step 502, according to described contact data, determine corresponding contact area;

According to the physiological property of staff, step 503, parameter according to described contact area, judge that the grip state of user is as certain specific grip state;

Step 504, foundation result of determination, be adjusted to mode of operation corresponding to this specific grip state by the application program run on touch apparatus.

The present embodiment based on user's handling state, can carry out adaptation to the application program run on touch apparatus, and the application can provide following Managed Solution:

Scheme one, described application program is adjusted to mode of operation corresponding to this specific grip state.

In the embodiment of the present application, preferably, the mode of operation of described application program specifically can comprise the interface display mode of application program and/or mode of operation.

In prior art, the interface being applied in the most of application programs on touch apparatus is changeless, and specialized designs uses to the right hand, is embodied in the details such as interface layout, button putting position.Like this, when left-handed touch-screen mobile phone uses 9 key dummy keyboards to carry out text event detection, left hand thumb is difficult to by first candidate word, and this first-selected word normally the most accurately that, such input efficiency can be had a greatly reduced quality.

And in a kind of embodiment of the application, pin screen leftward for a moment, left-handed state can be judged to be, and tell application program.Such as input method, interface of input method switches to the skins of applicable left-handed operation at once.Now, user can press various major key more glibly, improves operating efficiency and comfort level.

And for example, when use panel computer.A kind of typical attitude is that left hand is arrested on the left of machine, and the right hand operates.On the equipment applying this programme, equipment refers to overleaf according to palm and four, the contact feature of tiger's jaw on the left of equipment and judge that user is left-handed state, and tells application program by result of determination.The same example, application program also can carry out adaptation according to actual conditions.

In like manner, when user once grips mobile phone or panel computer with the right hand, the application also according to the result of determination of right hand grip state, can adjust the interface of corresponding application programs.

The problem of people how can be adapted to above better by example solution input method interactive interface, in fact, what can adjust according to gripping gesture is not limited only to interface of input method, other application also have Similar Problems, the such as menu item of Android (Android) system bottom, also can swap left and right according to left hand, to ensure that the project commonly used is more easily by arriving, and " exiting " such project be not easy by mistake by.

In addition, be not only interface, other are necessary that for the machine attitude of holding the adaptation of the functional or device characteristics aspect distinguished also is undertaken holding machine attitude by this programme and judged.

In a preferred embodiment of the present application, the described parameter according to described contact area, judges the step of the grip state of user as certain specific grip state according to the physiological property of staff, may further include:

The canonical parameter of the contact area of the parameter of described contact area and certain specific grip state is compared, if comparative result is in preset range, then judges that the grip state of user is as this specific grip state.

In the embodiment of the present application, preferably, the parameter of described contact area may further include the shape of contact area, and/or trend, and/or distribution.

In a preferred embodiment of the present application, described method can also comprise:

Receive user's moving on touch apparatus to operate and corresponding Mobile data;

According to described Mobile data, determine that corresponding mobile touch area is rectangular linear shape.

Scheme two,

Described method can also comprise:

Receive first operation and corresponding first of user on touch apparatus and contact data;

According to described first contact data, determine corresponding first contact area;

When the duration of described first contact area is greater than preset durations, ignore described first operation.

Such as, hold panel computer leftward, during right-hand operated.Touch-screen has been touched because of carelessness when likely left hand holds.Under this application scenarios, the surface of contact that left hand can touch by prior art by mistake is also counted as multiple point touching operation, causes the operation of true intention unavailable.Such as up slide, can be mistaken as at 2 and widen.

And the application is when the duration in this block region is greater than preset durations, be judged to be the region of left-handed, therefore when carrying out touch point and judging, touch point herein can be ignored, with the true intention avoiding maloperation to depart from user.In practice, described preset durations can be arranged according to the actual requirements, and such as, its value can be 60s, 120s, 180s etc., and the concrete numerical value of the application to preset durations is not limited.

For the management method embodiment of application program, due to itself and the embodiment of the method basic simlarity judging grip state on touch apparatus, so description is fairly simple, relevant part illustrates see the part of the embodiment of the method judging grip state on touch apparatus.

With reference to Fig. 6, show the structural drawing of a kind of system embodiment based on user's handling state of the application, it specifically comprises the aforementioned device 601 judging grip state on touch apparatus, and based on the adaptive device 602 of user's handling state;

Wherein, the described device 601 judging grip state on touch apparatus, for judging that the grip state of user is as certain specific grip state;

The described adaptive device 602 based on user's handling state, specifically can comprise:

Adjusting module 621, for according to result of determination, is adjusted to mode of operation corresponding to this specific grip state by the application program run on touch apparatus.

In the embodiment of the present application, preferably, the mode of operation of described application program specifically can comprise the interface display mode of application program and/or mode of operation.

In another preferred embodiment of the present application, the described adaptive device 602 based on user's handling state can also also comprise:

First operation receiver module, contacts data for receiving first operation and corresponding first of user on touch apparatus;

First contact area determination module, for according to described first contact data, determines corresponding first contact area;

Module is ignored in operation, for when the duration of described first contact area is greater than preset durations, ignores described first operation.

For the system embodiment based on user's handling state, due to itself and the adaptation method embodiment basic simlarity based on user's handling state, so description is fairly simple, relevant part illustrates see the part of the adaptation method embodiment based on user's handling state.

Each embodiment in this instructions all adopts the mode of going forward one by one to describe, and what each embodiment stressed is the difference with other embodiments, between each embodiment identical similar part mutually see.

What provide the application above a kind ofly judges the method and apparatus of grip state, a kind of adaptation method based on user's handling state and a kind of system based on user's handling state on touch apparatus, be described in detail, apply specific case herein to set forth the principle of the application and embodiment, the explanation of above embodiment is just for helping method and the core concept thereof of understanding the application; Meanwhile, for one of ordinary skill in the art, according to the thought of the application, all will change in specific embodiments and applications, in sum, this description should not be construed as the restriction to the application.

Claims (18)

1. on touch apparatus, judge a method for grip state, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Receive the contact data of user on touch apparatus;
According to described contact data, determine corresponding contact area; Described contact area comprises: the contact area that in palm, at least one finger and tiger's jaw, at least one is corresponding;
According to the parameter of described contact area, judge the grip state of user according to the physiological property of staff;
Wherein, the described parameter according to described contact area, judges the step of the grip state of user, comprising according to the physiological property of staff:
The canonical parameter of the contact area of the parameter of described contact area and certain specific grip state is compared, if comparative result is in preset range, then judges that the grip state of user is as this specific grip state; The described canonical parameter by the contact area of the parameter of described contact area and certain specific grip state compares, and comprising: the registration between the standard shape calculating the shape of described contact area and the contact area of certain specific grip state.
2. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the parameter of described contact area comprises the shape of contact area, and/or trend, and/or distribution.
3. method according to claim 2, is characterized in that, is obtained the parameter of described contact area by following steps:
Obtain the peripheral coordinate points of described contact area;
By connecting all or part of described peripheral coordinate points, produce the profile of described contact area;
According to the profile of described contact area, determine the shape of described contact area;
According to the profile of described contact area relative to the direction of reference point, obtain the trend of described contact area;
According to the central point of the profile of described contact area relative to the position of reference point, obtain the distribution of described contact area.
4. method according to claim 2, is characterized in that, for the touch apparatus of one side touch screen, the standard trend of the contact area of left-handed state is for be extended to lower-left from upper right, and shape is ellipse or sub-elliptical type; The standard trend of the contact area of right hand grip state is for be extended to bottom right from upper left, and shape is ellipse or sub-elliptical type.
5. method according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, for touch apparatus that is two-sided and/or two-sided and side touch screen, the many places contact that the standard profile of the contact area of right hand grip state comprises back side touch screen contacts with a place of touch apparatus right side edge, and shape is Ji type or approximate Ji type;
The many places contact that the standard profile of the contact area of left-handed state comprises back side touch screen contacts with a place of touch apparatus left side edge, and shape is E type or approximate E type;
The standard profile of the contact area of hands grasping state comprises the place contact at edge, the touch apparatus left and right sides.
6. method according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, for the touch apparatus with back side touch screen, the standard profile of the contact area of left hand holding state comprises the C type at the back side or approximate C type palm and thumb contact, and other finger contact of one to four bar shaped or approximate bar shaped; Or comprise " recessed " font at the back side or the palm contacts of approximate " recessed " font, and the thumb contact of bar shaped on the left of " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font or approximate bar shaped;
The standard profile of the contact area of right hand holding state comprises the back side type or approximate type palm and thumb contact, and other finger contact of one to four bar shaped or approximate bar shaped; Or comprise " recessed " font at the back side or the palm contacts of approximate " recessed " font, and the thumb contact of bar shaped on the right side of " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font or approximate bar shaped.
7. method according to any one of claim 1 to 6, is characterized in that, also comprises:
Receive user's moving on touch apparatus to operate and corresponding Mobile data;
According to described Mobile data, determine that the shape of corresponding mobile touch area is rectangular linear or approximate rectangular linear.
8. on touch apparatus, judge a device for grip state, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Touch detection module, for receiving the contact data of user on touch apparatus;
Contact area determination module, for according to described contact data, determines corresponding contact area; Described contact area comprises: the contact area that in palm, at least one finger and tiger's jaw, at least one is corresponding; And
Gesture recognition module, for the parameter according to described contact area, judges the grip state of user according to the physiological property of staff;
Wherein, described gesture recognition module comprises:
Comparison sub-module, the canonical parameter for the contact area by the parameter of described contact area and certain specific grip state compares, if comparative result is in preset range, then judges that the grip state of user is as this specific grip state; The described canonical parameter by the contact area of the parameter of described contact area and certain specific grip state compares, and comprising: the registration between the standard shape calculating the shape of described contact area and the contact area of certain specific grip state.
9. device according to claim 8, is characterized in that, the parameter of described contact area comprises the shape of contact area, and/or trend, and/or distribution.
10. device according to claim 9, is characterized in that, also comprises parameter acquisition module, comprising:
Peripheral acquisition submodule, for obtaining the peripheral coordinate points of described contact area;
Profile produces submodule, for by connecting all or part of described peripheral coordinate points, produces the profile of described contact area;
Shape determination submodule, for the profile according to described contact area, determines the shape of described contact area;
Move towards to obtain submodule, for the profile according to described contact area relative to the direction of reference point, obtain the trend of described contact area; And
Distributed acquisition submodule, for the central point of the profile according to described contact area relative to the position of reference point, obtains the distribution of described contact area.
11. devices according to claim 9, is characterized in that, for the touch apparatus of one side touch screen, the standard trend of the contact area of left-handed state is for be extended to lower-left from upper right, and shape is ellipse or sub-elliptical type; The standard trend of the contact area of right hand grip state is for be extended to bottom right from upper left, and shape is ellipse or sub-elliptical type.
12. devices according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, for touch apparatus that is two-sided and/or two-sided and side touch screen, the many places contact that the standard profile of the contact area of right hand grip state comprises back side touch screen contacts with a place of touch apparatus right side edge, and shape is Ji type or approximate Ji type;
The many places contact that the standard profile of the contact area of left-handed state comprises back side touch screen contacts with a place of touch apparatus left side edge, and shape is E type or approximate E type;
The standard profile of the contact area of hands grasping state comprises the place contact at edge, the touch apparatus left and right sides.
13. devices according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, for the touch apparatus with back side touch screen, the standard profile of the contact area of left hand holding state comprises the C type at the back side or approximate C type palm and thumb contact, and other finger contact of one to four bar shaped or approximate bar shaped; Or comprise " recessed " font at the back side or the palm contacts of approximate " recessed " font, and the thumb contact of bar shaped on the left of " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font or approximate bar shaped;
The standard profile of the contact area of right hand holding state comprises the back side type or approximate type palm and thumb contact, and other finger contact of one to four bar shaped or approximate bar shaped; Or comprise " recessed " font at the back side or the palm contacts of approximate " recessed " font, and the thumb contact of bar shaped on the right side of " recessed " font or approximate " recessed " font or approximate bar shaped.
Device according to any one of 14. according to Claim 8 to 13, is characterized in that, also comprises:
Mobile operation receiver module, operates and corresponding Mobile data for receiving user's moving on touch apparatus;
Mobile touch area determination module, for according to described Mobile data, determines that the shape of corresponding mobile touch area is rectangular linear or approximate rectangular linear.
15. 1 kinds based on the adaptation method of user's handling state, is characterized in that, comprising:
Adopt the method as described in claim 1 to 7 any one, judge that the grip state of user is as certain specific grip state;
According to result of determination, the application program run on touch apparatus is adjusted to mode of operation corresponding to this specific grip state.
16. methods according to claim 15, is characterized in that, also comprise:
Receive first operation and corresponding first of user on touch apparatus and contact data;
According to described first contact data, determine corresponding first contact area;
When the duration of described first contact area is greater than preset durations, ignore described first operation.
17. 1 kinds based on the system of user's handling state, is characterized in that, comprising: the device judging grip state as described in claim 8 to 14 any one on touch apparatus, and based on the adaptive device of user's handling state;
The described adaptive device based on user's handling state specifically comprises:
Adjusting module, for according to result of determination, is adjusted to mode of operation corresponding to this specific grip state by the application program run on touch apparatus.
18. systems according to claim 17, is characterized in that, the described adaptive device based on user's handling state also comprises:
First operation receiver module, contacts data for receiving first operation and corresponding first of user on touch apparatus;
First contact area determination module, for according to described first contact data, determines corresponding first contact area;
Module is ignored in operation, for when the duration of described first contact area is greater than preset durations, ignores described first operation.
CN201110311601.0A 2011-10-14 2011-10-14 A kind of method and apparatus judging grip state on touch apparatus CN103049118B (en)

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