CN103029938B - Automatic drawing method applicable to wheel set assemblies with gearboxes and motors - Google Patents

Automatic drawing method applicable to wheel set assemblies with gearboxes and motors Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103029938B
CN103029938B CN201210575913.7A CN201210575913A CN103029938B CN 103029938 B CN103029938 B CN 103029938B CN 201210575913 A CN201210575913 A CN 201210575913A CN 103029938 B CN103029938 B CN 103029938B
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China
Prior art keywords
wheel
drawing holes
wheel set
bar
automatic
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CN201210575913.7A
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CN103029938A (en
Inventor
姜琳
于靖
王鑫
刘红
孙凯峰
曹志杰
刘进辉
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BEIJING CONTROL INFRARED TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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BEIJING CONTROL INFRARED TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic drawing mechanism and an automatic drawing method thereof applicable to wheel set assemblies with gearboxes and motors, which belong to the technical field of stacker cranes. The automatic drawing method includes the following steps: a fork-telescoping mechanism of a stacker crane is first extended out to be connected with a track outside the stacker crane; the automatic drawing mechanism on the fork-telescoping mechanism then slides on the track of the fork-telescoping mechanism until drawing rods are opposite to drawing holes on a supporting trolley, the drawing rods rise to get into the drawing holes, the fork-telescoping mechanism pulls a wheel set to a specified position, and thereby drawing is finished. The invention is applicable to tracked aisle stereoscopic warehouses, and can effectively increase the efficiency of a wheel set storage space; the invention is applicable to a variety of models of high-power locomotives and a variety of models of wheel set assemblies with motors and gearboxes, and the automatic drawing mechanism can automatically put wheel sets into a warehouse and take wheel sets out of the warehouse, thus increasing the working efficiency in the process of storing a wheel set into the stereoscopic warehouse or taking the wheel set out of the stereoscopic warehouse.

Description

Be applicable to be with the wheel of gear case and motor to the extraction method of entirety
Technical field
The invention belongs to piler technical field, be specifically related to a kind of being applicable to and be with the wheel of gear case and motor to the extraction method of entirety.
Background technology
China greatly developed railway cause in recent years, wherein high-power locomotive obtains large scale application, Xi'an high-power locomotive Maintenance Bases is as domestic larger locomotive inspection and repair base, its all docking facility major parts for high-power locomotive adopted domesticly to use first, and all devices has all carried out particular design for high-power locomotive feature.Band axle box and motor wheel to stereo garage be then first Application in locomotive inspection and repair base, though have similar wheel to stereo-parking storehouse publication in the past, its for be common single take turns right, and take turns to not being with gear case and motor, gross weight is no more than 5 tons.High-power locomotive wheel with gear case and motor to relative to ordinary train wheel to motor car wheel to there being its certain particularity, have particular/special requirement to stereo-parking storehouse and relevant device.
High-power locomotive wheel contrast ordinary train wheel with gear case and motor is more complicated to structure composition.Ordinary train wheel to or motor car wheel form by wheel cake, axle, brake disc, part wheel is to also containing gear case, and gross weight is no more than 5 tons, and the high-power locomotive wheel with gear case and motor is to except wheel cake, axle, gear case, also containing drive motor, total weight reaches 8 tons.The wheel of current high-power locomotive is more to type kind, not only containing HX d1 type, HX d2 types, HX dthe Multiple Types such as 3 types, all types of size and shape of taking turns right motor and gear case is also different, and the connection mode of all types of high-power locomotive wheel to upper drive motor and car body is also different, and when adopting stereo-parking, effective support zone is subject to strict restriction.Because wheel is comparatively large to overall weight, the mode that therefore piler extracts automatically can not adopt the pallet fork of prior art to pitch and get mode, and adopts the mode of traction to realize automatic extraction.
Existingly take turns depositing in two kinds of situation, a kind of is the mode adopting plane to deposit, and take turns docking in order on the rail laid in repair and maintenance garage (warehouse), drive motor is supported by frock; Plane location mode space availability ratio is lower, takes turns stored number limited, and floor area is comparatively large, and omnidistance needs manually participates in, and cannot realize automatic access.Another kind adopts the mode of stereo-parking, by the pallet apparatus of specific customization, the wheel shaft that support wheel is right or wheel cake, by lifting, feedway automatically or S. A. complete the right storage of wheel and output; Solid storing mode for be ordinary wheel pair, its supporting way is comparatively simple, cannot adapt to the special support requirement that high-power locomotive wheel is right, and load capacity is comparatively light, and it is taken turns and needs by artificial mode during outbound, cannot realize full automation operation.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of being applicable to is with the wheel of gear case and motor to the automatic extracting device of entirety and extracting method thereof, for high-power locomotive wheel, particular design is carried out to the feature that complex structure, inconsistent, the effective support zone of vehicle kind are limited, coordinate supporting trolley can directly to the wheel with gear case and motor to extracting, do not need to pass through pallet apparatus.The automatic extracting device mentioned in the present invention is applicable to the piler in rail tiered warehouse facility, full automaticly can complete the right storage (warehouse-in) of wheel and export (outbound).Wheel to outbound time, the wheel on piler to automatic extracting device can automatically by wheel to draw to assigned address.Take turns and do not need operating personal to participate in access overall process, can full-automatic operation be realized.
Described automatic extracting device is arranged on pallet fork retractor device, and match with the supporting trolley of support wheel to entirety the extraction realized taking turns entirety.Described automatic extracting device is box body structure, tray interior is provided with two-position-five-way solenoid valve, air pump, extraction bar, cylinder and guide rail slide block mechanism, described air pump connects cylinder, for being cylinders providing power, cylinder piston up-and-down movement, piston is with piston rod up-and-down movement, piston rod top is connected to transverse slat, two free end positions of transverse slat are respectively provided with a guide rail slide block mechanism, described guide rail slide block mechanism is fixed on bottom box body, plays directional tagging to the up-and-down movement of transverse slat.Be fixedly connected with extraction bar in the position, two sides of described transverse slat, extracting bar can along with transverse slat together up-and-down movement.Described two-position-five-way solenoid valve, five paths are connected with air pump air inlet/outlet, cylinder air inlet/outlet and an exhausr port respectively, form a control system to piston motion.According to the signal sent of apparatus control system, two-position-five-way solenoid valve carries out corresponding action, thus makes cylinder piston direction action on request.
Described supporting trolley comprises handle, support and connection part and wheel, it is right with the wheel of gear case and motor that described support and connection part is used for support and connection, described support and connection part rearmost end for handle, be provided with two drawing holes foremost, described drawing holes matches with the extraction bar on automatic extracting device, namely the distance between two drawing holes equals to extract the distance between bar, and the internal diameter of drawing holes is greater than the external diameter extracting bar.Preferably drawing holes is set to slotted hole.The wheel spacing of described wheel equals to take turns right wheel spacing.
Described extracting method is specially:
The first step, stacker fork retractor device stretches out plugs into the track of piler outside;
Second step, the automatic extracting device on pallet fork retractor device slides on the track of pallet fork retractor device, until it is relative with the drawing holes on supporting trolley to extract bar.
3rd step, extracts bar and rises, insert in drawing holes.
4th step, pallet fork retractor device traction wheel, to assigned address, completes and once extracts.
The invention has the advantages that:
The present invention is applicable to rail roadway tiered warehouse facility, effectively improves wheel to the space efficiency stored; Can adapt to Multiple Type high-power locomotive, polytype translator gear case wheel to entirety, this automatic extracting device can realize taking turns and right automatically go out warehouse-in, improves tiered warehouse facility wheel to the work efficiency in access procedure.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The three-dimensional structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1 automatic extracting device provided by the invention;
The three-dimensional structure cross-sectional schematic of Fig. 2 automatic extracting device provided by the invention;
The mode of operation schematic three dimensional views of Fig. 3 a, 3b automatic extracting device provided by the invention;
Fig. 4 supporting trolley three-dimensional structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 supporting trolley support wheel is to the schematic three dimensional views of entirety;
Fig. 6 automatic extracting device is arranged on the overall schematic three dimensional views on fork mechanism;
Fig. 7 is with the overall schematic three dimensional views of four column pilers of the fork mechanism of automatic extracting device;
Fig. 8 is the diagram of circuit of extraction method of the present invention.
In figure:
1. two-position-five-way solenoid valve, 2. small air pump, 3. extract bar, 4. cylinder, 5. guide rail slide block mechanism, 6. shakes hands,
7. support and connection part, 8. wheel, 9. drawing holes, 10. four column frames, 11. operator's stations, 12. loading platforms,
13. traveling geaies, 14. pallet fork retractor devices, 15. hoist driver train;
A. automatic extracting device; B. be with the wheel of gear case and motor to entirety; C. to rail mechanism; D. supporting trolley.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in detail.
The invention provides a kind of wheel being applicable to have gear case and motor to the automatic extracting device of entirety and extracting method thereof.The gordian technique of wheel to the automatic abstraction function of entirety realizing band gear case and motor is two aspects, be on the one hand that wheel will have the supporting trolley of Special support form to part, while support teeth roller box and motor, supporting trolley be extracted feature (drawing holes 9).Be on the other hand on piler equipment automatic extracting device want can and supporting trolley be extracted mate features and closed automatic extraction work.On piler, automatic extracting device coordinates the wheel of the supporting trolley multi-form band gear case of wanting simultaneous adaptation to be extracted and motor right.
Automatic extracting device provided by the present invention is applicable to four column pilers, as shown in Figure 7, four described column pilers comprise four column frames 10, electric control console 11, loading platform 12, the traveling gear 13 that can run along rail in tiered warehouse facility tunnel, hoist driver train 15 and the pallet fork retractor device 14 that can vertically run, pallet fork retractor device 14 is fixedly mounted on loading platform 12, pallet fork retractor device 14 can do reciprocal telescopic movement along perpendicular to the direction running tunnel, loading platform 12 is arranged on above described traveling gear 13, and can move up and down along four column frames 10 under the driving of the driver train 15 that hoists.Electric control console 11 manipulates the hand push button on electrical control cabinet panel when operating personal Non-follow control piler, comprises the cylinder moving controlled on automatic extracting device A.
Automatic extracting device A provided by the invention is arranged on above the pallet fork retractor device 14 of four column pilers, as shown in Figure 6, automatic extracting device A moves along with the stretching operation of pallet fork retractor device 14, and described automatic extracting device A can relative movement on the slide rail of pallet fork retractor device 14, specifically mobilely to be controlled by electric control console 11.Support the motor side of entirety the wheel of band gear case and motor, realized by Special support dolly D, as shown in Figure 4, supporting trolley D comprises handle 6, support and connection part 7 and wheel 8, and described wheel 8 is positioned at car body both sides, and wheel spacing equals to take turns right wheel spacing.The rearmost end of support and connection part 7 is handle 6; Centre portion, for being connected and fixed wheel to upper gear case and motor, being generally detouchable bolt and connecting; The pitch of holes be provided with foremost between two drawing holes, 9, two drawing holes 9 equals the spacing between upper two the extraction bars 3 of automatic extracting device A.When the automatic extracting device A moved along ground vertical telescopic in piler is delivered to drawing holes 9 position bottom supporting trolley D by pallet fork retractor device 14, cylinder 4 drives extraction bar 3 to protrude upward, insert drawing holes 9 below supporting trolley D, then by pallet fork retractor device 14 traction wheel to assigned address.On supporting trolley D, drawing holes 9 Position Design is taking turns right center, and extraction bar 3 position on automatic extracting device A is also designed in the right center of wheel, by the impact of wheel on placing direction when therefore extracting.What finally extract due to the automatic extracting device A on piler and pallet fork retractor device 14 is supporting trolley car body, and therefore this automatic extracting device A is by the impact of wheel on the special construction such as axle box, gear case, and comformability is very extensive.The internal diameter of described drawing holes 9 is greater than the external diameter extracting bar 3, and distance wheel is equal to the distance of two side rails, can ensure drawing holes 9 like this and extract between bar 3 only to produce mobile aligning in rail length direction, and can not at vertical guide rail direction relativity shift.Described drawing holes 9 is preferably designed for slotted hole.
Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 a, 3b is the automatic extracting device A structural representation having wheel and act on automatic extraction provided by the invention respectively, as shown in Figure 1, described overall automatic extracting device A is box body structure, tray interior arranges two-position-five-way solenoid valve 1, air pump 2, extract bar 3, cylinder 4 and guide rail slide block mechanism 5, described air pump 2 connects cylinder 4, for providing power for cylinder 4, cylinder 4 piston up-down, piston is with piston rod 401 up-and-down movement, piston rod 401 top is connected to transverse slat 16, two free end positions of transverse slat 16 are respectively provided with a guide rail slide block mechanism 5, described guide rail slide block mechanism 5 is fixed on bottom box body, directional tagging is played to the up-and-down movement of transverse slat 16.Be fixedly connected with at two side positions of described transverse slat 16 and extract bar 3, extracting bar 3 can along with transverse slat 16 together up-and-down movement.Described automatic extracting device A, adopts pneumatic mode to drive.For reducing equipment to the requirement of basic condition, reduce number of lines, source of the gas is built in the extraction element of equipment.For reducing equipment volume, pneumatics drives the cylinder 4 of special large piston area by low power air pump 2, then drives extraction bar 3 finally to realize action by cylinder 4 by guide rail slide block mechanism 5.This equipment embodies that volume is little, strength is large, the feature of good rigidly, is suitable for automatically extracting traction heavy wares.
Wheel with gear case and motor has the detachable structure changing support and connection part 7 to tiered warehouse facility Special support dolly, this support and connection part 7 connects trolley and motor, multiple design can being carried out according to the different motor suspension forms of different locomotive vehicle as wheel to the support and connection part 7 of upper motor, adapting to multiple wheel motor when ensureing that supporting trolley car body is constant.
The outside steel rail laying direction being positioned at tiered warehouse facility outbound mouth place is vertical with steel rail laying direction, tiered warehouse facility tunnel, when piler moves to tiered warehouse facility outbound mouth, in Fig. 7, the pallet fork retractor device 14 in Fig. 6 is delivered to assigned address by the traveling gear along trapped orbit horizontal motion of four column pilers and the loading platform of perpendicular movement, plugged into by the rail of piler upper fork retractor device 14 with tiered warehouse facility outside, described automatic extracting device A is delivered to the wheel shown in Fig. 5 under integral bottom by Fig. 6 pallet fork retractor device 14, then the extraction bar 3 in automatic extracting device A stretches out under the driving of cylinder 4 (as Fig. 3 a) inserts in the drawing holes 9 of Fig. 4 supporting trolley D, thus supporting trolley D support wheel in Fig. 5 is completed under the traction of Fig. 6 pallet fork retractor device 14 overall B automatically to extract action.
The present invention adopts automatic extracting device A to be driven by pneumatics, can along vertical ground direction fore and aft motion.Special heavily loaded motor support dolly D is adopted to coordinate above-mentioned automatic extracting device A to realize the mode of towed automatic extraction.In the present invention, air pump is the actuating unit that can provide straight-line motion power, realizes connecting link important in extraction work by relevant straight-line motion execution unit; By realizing automatic extracting device A, supporting trolley D and the connection of wheel to overall B by extracting bar 3 drawing holes 9 inserted bottom supporting trolley D, thus make pallet fork telescoping mechanism traction wheel to motion.
Key of the present invention is the selection of power resources and the type of drive of required straight-line motion, and stronger integral rigidity.There is provided straight-line motion power by air pump 2, and complete translator and gear case wheel to the action required for overall B automatic withdrawing by the heavily loaded guide rail slide block mechanism 5 of large piston area cylinder 4 and straight-line motion.Adopt other power resources, if hydraulic efficiency gear, electric device are as power resources, and transformed by corresponding kinematic mechanism, final transferring power carries out fore and aft motion to linear actuator, can realize equally driving.
Based on above-mentioned automatic extracting device, present invention also offers a kind of extraction method, for the wheel on four column pilers to extraction, as shown in Figure 8, concrete steps are as follows:
The first step, stacker fork retractor device stretches out plugs into the rail of tiered warehouse facility outside;
Second step, the automatic extracting device on pallet fork retractor device slides on the track of pallet fork retractor device, until automatic extracting device delivers to wheel to beneath, extracts bar relative with the drawing holes on supporting trolley.
3rd step, the extraction bar 3 in automatic extracting device A stretches out under the driving of cylinder 4, extracts bar and rises, insert in the drawing holes 9 of supporting trolley D.
4th step, pallet fork retractor device traction wheel, to assigned address, completes and once extracts.

Claims (5)

1. be applicable to be with the wheel of gear case and motor to the extraction method of entirety, it is characterized in that:
The first step, stacker fork retractor device stretches out plugs into the track of piler outside;
Second step, the automatic extracting device on pallet fork retractor device slides on the track of pallet fork retractor device, until it is relative with the drawing holes on supporting trolley to extract bar;
3rd step, extracts bar and rises, and inserts in drawing holes;
4th step, pallet fork retractor device traction wheel, to assigned address, completes and once extracts;
Described automatic extracting device is box body structure, tray interior is provided with two-position-five-way solenoid valve, air pump, extraction bar, cylinder and guide rail slide block mechanism, described air pump connects cylinder, cylinder piston connects piston rod, piston rod top is connected to transverse slat, two free end positions of transverse slat are respectively provided with a guide rail slide block mechanism, described guide rail slide block mechanism is fixed on bottom box body, be fixedly connected with extraction bar in the position, two sides of described transverse slat, the distance between two extraction bars equals the spacing of two drawing holes on the right supporting trolley of support wheel; Five paths of described two-position-five-way solenoid valve are connected with air pump air inlet/outlet, cylinder air inlet/outlet and an exhausr port respectively, form a control system to piston motion.
2. extraction method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described supporting trolley comprises handle, support and connection part and wheel, described support and connection part is arranged in the middle of two wheels, and the centre portion of support and connection part and with gear case and motor wheel between removably connect, described support and connection part rearmost end for handle, be provided with two drawing holes foremost.
3. extraction method according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the internal diameter of described drawing holes is greater than the external diameter extracting bar.
4. extraction method according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described drawing holes is slotted hole.
5. extraction method according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the wheel spacing of described wheel equals to take turns right wheel spacing.
CN201210575913.7A 2012-12-26 2012-12-26 Automatic drawing method applicable to wheel set assemblies with gearboxes and motors Active CN103029938B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210575913.7A CN103029938B (en) 2012-12-26 2012-12-26 Automatic drawing method applicable to wheel set assemblies with gearboxes and motors

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105057225A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-18 国网天津市电力公司 Inspection submission device transceiving method
CN110422533A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-11-08 派罗(廊坊)机器人科技有限公司 Sorting equipment and sorting device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3314325B2 (en) * 1995-05-17 2002-08-12 新明和工業株式会社 Article storage facility
CN2839190Y (en) * 2005-10-27 2006-11-22 沈阳飞机工业(集团)有限公司 Intensive elevated storehouse stacker storing and picking device
CN201109617Y (en) * 2007-06-14 2008-09-03 王树生 Wheel pair solid thesaurus
CN201058805Y (en) * 2007-06-14 2008-05-14 王树生 Wheel assembly buck stacker
CN100575239C (en) * 2007-06-14 2009-12-30 王树生 Wheel is to piler
CN201058744Y (en) * 2007-06-14 2008-05-14 王树生 Warehouse in-out apparatus
CN101121461A (en) * 2007-09-11 2008-02-13 郑卫星 Interface arrangement for wheel pair and wheel pair stereo storage warehouse

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