CN103026991A - Facility for breeding and middle culture of stichopus japonicus seedlings in lagoons and semiclosed gulfs - Google Patents

Facility for breeding and middle culture of stichopus japonicus seedlings in lagoons and semiclosed gulfs Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103026991A
CN103026991A CN2012101847073A CN201210184707A CN103026991A CN 103026991 A CN103026991 A CN 103026991A CN 2012101847073 A CN2012101847073 A CN 2012101847073A CN 201210184707 A CN201210184707 A CN 201210184707A CN 103026991 A CN103026991 A CN 103026991A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
internal layer
protection network
support bar
etting
lagoon
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CN2012101847073A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邱天龙
杨红生
张涛
张立斌
孙璐
王培亮
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中国科学院海洋研究所
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Application filed by 中国科学院海洋研究所 filed Critical 中国科学院海洋研究所
Priority to CN2012101847073A priority Critical patent/CN103026991A/en
Publication of CN103026991A publication Critical patent/CN103026991A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to a facility for the breeding and the middle culture of stichopus japonicus seedlings, in particular to a facility for the breeding and the middle culture of stichopus japonicus seedlings in lagoons and semiclosed gulfs. The facility comprises an inner netting, an outer protective net, a plurality of support rods, wind ropes and a plurality of anchor rods, wherein the inner netting is arranged in water by the support rods, and the bottom of the inner netting, connected with the water bottom, is blocked; the outer protective net is arranged on the outer circumference of the inner netting by the support rods, and the support rods for fixing the outer protective net are connected with the support rods for fixing the inner netting by a second rope; and the anchor rods are arranged on the outer circumference of the outer protective net and respectively connected with the support rods for fixing the outer protective net by the wind ropes. The stichopus japonicus seedlings cultured by the facility have strong constitution, thick skin, solid flesh, excellent stress resistance and excellent adaptability to environments and fully have the excellent properties of wild stichopus japonicus. Through the middle culture of the seedlings by the facility, excellent transition environments can be provided to the seedlings to adapt to the wild conditions, and the survival rate of bottom sowing is increased.

Description

The juvenile stichopus that is adapted to Diarrhea lake and Lagoon is bred and the intermediate rearing facility

Technical field

The present invention relates to juvenile stichopus and breed and the intermediate rearing facility, specifically the juvenile stichopus of a kind of Diarrhea of being adapted to lake and Lagoon is bred and the intermediate rearing facility.

Background technology

Imitative stichopus japonicus Apostichopus japonicas (Selenka), claim again stichopus japonicus, belong to Echinodermata (Echinodermata), Holothuroidea (Holothuroidea), Stichopodidae (Stichopodidae), imitative stichopus japonicus belongs to (Apostichopus), is typical temperate zone kind.

The apostichopus japonicus culture economic benefit is huge, and China's stichopus japonicus output reached 13.03 ten thousand tons in 2010, and more than 260 hundred million yuan of annual value of production have become one of pillar industry of China's mariculture, and development prospect is very wide.

It is one of core of stichopus japonicus industry sound development that healthy seedling is cultivated.At present, the juvenile stichopus overwhelming majority is factory culturing, and the high density artificial environment causes seed resistance poor, is difficult to adapt to pond, cofferdam and bay etc. and forms environment, shows as that disease takes place frequently, survival rate is low, product quality is uneven etc.

Summary of the invention

The problems referred to above that exist in order to solve existing factory culturing juvenile stichopus the object of the present invention is to provide the juvenile stichopus of a kind of Diarrhea of being adapted to lake and Lagoon to breed and the intermediate rearing facility.

The objective of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:

The present invention includes internal layer etting, outer protection network, support bar, wind rope and anchor pole, wherein the internal layer etting is arranged in the water by many support bars, and bottom and water-bed joint are by shutoff; Described outer protection network is arranged on the periphery of internal layer etting by many support bars, links to each other by the second hawser between the support bar of the support bar of fixed outer layer protection network and fixing internal layer etting; Described outer protection network outer is arranged with a plurality of anchor poles, and each anchor pole is connected by the support bar of wind rope with the fixed outer layer protection network respectively.

Wherein: described internal layer etting and outer protection network with the tangent position of direction of tide mutually near, and near locating to arrange the manipulation ladder of being convenient to enter internal layer etting inside; The upper and lower edge of described internal layer etting and outer protection network is respectively equipped with the first hawser of reinforcing, and shutoff is carried out by sandbag and water-bed joint in the bottom of internal layer etting; Described internal layer etting and outer protection network are annular, and first hawser at internal layer etting and the upper and lower edge of outer protection network is fixed on the described support bar by frenulum respectively; The support bar of described fixedly internal layer etting and the support bar of fixed outer layer protection network be circumferentially uniform along internal layer etting and outer protection network all, and the top edge of internal layer etting and outer protection network links to each other by the second hawser respectively with between the junction of support bar; Described sandbag is the above sandbag of 15Kg, and the sandbag of placing between the two adjacent support bars is no less than three; The top edge of described internal layer etting exceeds the climax water level more than 30 centimetres, is used for internal layer etting employing 100~200 order polyamide fibre bolting silks that juvenile stichopus is bred; The top edge of the top edge of described outer protection network and internal layer etting is contour, or is lower than the top edge of internal layer etting and flushes with the climax water level; Spacing between described adjacent two support bars is 2 meters, and support bar inserts water-bed partial-length and is no less than 70 centimeters; Described anchor pole is at least four, links to each other by the support bar of wind rope with the fixed outer layer protection network respectively, and the length of described wind rope is not shorter than three times of the above Partial Height in the support bar bottom.

Advantage of the present invention and good effect are:

1. the present invention is a kind of facility that is suitable for carrying out the ecological seed breeding of stichopus japonicus and intermediate rearing, the juvenile stichopus physique of using this facilities to breed is strong, skin depth meat is real, has good resistance and to the adaptability of environment, and has the fine quality of wild stichopus japonicus fully; Utilize this facility to carry out the seed intermediate rearing and can provide good transitional environment for seed adapts to wild condition, improve the end and broadcast survival rate.

2. internal layer etting of the present invention and outer protection network are being close to the tangent position of fluctuation direction of tide, and manipulation ladder are being placed in herein when mounted, both have been convenient to stop ship, can prevent that again the greasy dirt that motor produces from drifting about in net.

3. the upper and lower edge of internal layer etting of the present invention and outer protection network all is provided with the first hawser and reinforces.

4. the present invention is provided with anchor pole in outer protection network periphery, and links to each other with the support bar of outer ring by the wind rope, has improved the steadiness of cultivating facility.

5. adopt the second hawser to connect between the support bar of the inside and outside circle of the present invention, further improved the steadiness of cultivating facility.

6. the present invention is provided with sandbag between internal layer etting bottom and the bottom, and shutoff is carried out with water-bed joint hole in internal layer etting bottom.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is one of perspective view of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is two of perspective view of the present invention;

Wherein: 1 is the internal layer etting, and 2 is outer protection network, and 3 is support bar, and 4 is sandbag, and 5 is anchor pole, and 6 is the first hawser, and 7 is the second hawser, and 8 is the wind rope, and 9 is manipulation ladder.

Embodiment

The invention will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.

As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the present invention includes internal layer etting 1, outer protection network 2, support bar 3, sandbag 4, wind rope 8 and anchor pole 5, wherein support bar 3 is divided into inside and outside two circles, all surround toroidal, spacing between adjacent two support bars 3 is 2 meters, support bar 3 inserts water-bed partial-length to be decided according to the substrate type, generally should be no less than 70 centimeters.

Internal layer etting 1 is annular, and upper and lower edge all is sewn in the etting, etting is reinforced with the first hawser 6, internal layer etting 1 around on the circumferencial direction on 2 meters support bars 3 that are fixed on inner ring with frenulum; To be internal layer etting 1 intert the sleeve of the first hawser 6 at upper and lower edge sewing to present embodiment, and the first hawser 6 is penetrated by sleeve.10~12 meters of the diameters of internal layer etting 1 are advisable, the top edge of internal layer etting 1 should exceed the climax water level more than 30 centimetres, be used for internal layer etting employing 100~200 order polyamide fibre bolting silks that juvenile stichopus is bred, and can adopt the bolting silk of different meshes for the internal layer etting of juvenile stichopus intermediate rearing according to the seed size difference.

Outer protection network 2 is annular, and upper and lower edge all directly interts with the first hawser 6 and reinforces in protection network.Outer protection network 2 is the polythene net sheet of aperture 1~2cm, and diameter is advisable with the diameter 1~2m that exceeds internal layer etting 1, and the top edge of the top edge of outer protection network 2 and internal layer etting 1 is contour, or is lower than the top edge of internal layer etting 1 and flushes with the climax water level.All tie on support bar 3 with frenulum in the upper and lower edge of internal layer etting 1 and outer protection network 2, and support bar 3 is inserted substrate, until the bottom of internal layer etting 1 and outer protection network 2 contacts with water-bed.Shutoff is carried out by sandbag 4 and water-bed joint in the bottom of internal layer etting 1, is used for the sandbag 4 of shutoff internal layer etting 1 and water-bed joint hole, should place 3 of adjacent two support bars to be no less than three, and single sandbag 4 heavily should be more than 15Kg.The first hawser 6 adopts the above nylon rope of diameter 8mm.

The quantity of the support bar 3 of fixed outer layer protection network 2 is identical with the quantity of the fixing support bar 3 of internal layer etting 1, and link to each other by the second hawser 7 between the supports 3 of corresponding inside and outside two circles, namely the top edge of internal layer etting 1 and outer protection network 2 links to each other by the second hawser 7 respectively with between the junction of support bar 3.Be arranged with a plurality of anchor poles 5 at outer protection network 2 outer, present embodiment is four (quantity of anchor pole 5 is advisable with at least four), is distributed in four direction, each anchor pole 5 is connected with the support bar 3 of fixed outer layer protection network 2 by wind rope 8 respectively, the length of wind rope 8 is not shorter than three times of the water-bed above Partial Heights of support bar 3, support bar 3 water-bed above parts refer to water-bed more than to tie part between the part of outer protection network 2 top edges and support bar 3.Internal layer etting 1 and outer protection network 2 with the tangent position of direction of tide mutually near, and near locating to arrange the manipulation ladder 9 of being convenient to enter internal layer etting 1 inside; The arrangement of manipulation ladder 9 both had been convenient to stop ship, can prevent that again the greasy dirt that motor produces from drifting about in net.

Embodiment 1:

On May 20th, 2011 is to June 5, at Yuehu Inlet, Shangdong, throws in the wild parent participation more than the 200g in the cultivation facility of the present invention; June 15 to parent participation on July 23 is laid eggs in batches, observes the interior accumulation of cultivation facility egg laying amount and reaches 30.5/L; When observing to September 27 the same year, it is 20/m that young ginseng maximum is deposited the seedling amount 2, average weight 0.012 ± 0.010g.

Embodiment 2:

On August 23rd, 2011, at Yuehu Inlet, Shangdong with 100/m 2Density throw in 300/500g, 700/500g, 1500/500g, the young ginseng of 10000/500g and carry out intermediate rearing.Continuous monitoring half a year, the result shows that 700/500g is obvious with interior young ginseng weight gain, and survival rate is more than 60%.Concrete data see Table one:

Table 1: young ginseng intermediate rearing weight in wet base growth pattern (unit: the g of Mean ± S.D.)

Claims (10)

1. a juvenile stichopus that is adapted to Diarrhea lake and Lagoon is bred and the intermediate rearing facility, it is characterized in that: comprise internal layer etting (1), outer protection network (2), support bar (3), wind rope (8) and anchor pole (5), wherein internal layer etting (1) is arranged in the water by many support bars (3), and bottom and water-bed joint are by shutoff; Described outer protection network (2) is arranged on the periphery of internal layer etting (1) by many support bars (3), links to each other by the second hawser (7) between the support bar (3) of the support bar (3) of fixed outer layer protection network (2) and fixing internal layer etting (1); The outer a plurality of anchor poles (5) that are arranged with of described outer protection network (2), each anchor pole (5) is connected with the support bar (3) of fixed outer layer protection network (2) by wind rope (8) respectively.
2. breed and the intermediate rearing facility by the juvenile stichopus of the Diarrhea of being adapted to claimed in claim 1 lake and Lagoon, it is characterized in that: described internal layer etting (1) and outer protection network (2) with the tangent position of direction of tide mutually near, and be convenient to enter the inner manipulation ladder (9) of internal layer etting (1) near locating to arrange.
3. breed and the intermediate rearing facility by the juvenile stichopus of claim 1 or the 2 described Diarrhea of being adapted to lakes and Lagoon, it is characterized in that: the upper and lower edge of described internal layer etting (1) and outer protection network (2) is respectively equipped with first hawser (6) of reinforcing, and shutoff is carried out by sandbag (4) and water-bed joint in the bottom of internal layer etting (1).
4. breed and the intermediate rearing facility by the juvenile stichopus of the Diarrhea of being adapted to claimed in claim 3 lake and Lagoon, it is characterized in that: described internal layer etting (1) and outer protection network (2) are annular, and first hawser (6) at internal layer etting (1) and the upper and lower edge of outer protection network (2) is fixed on the described support bar (3) by frenulum respectively.
5. breed and the intermediate rearing facility by the juvenile stichopus of the Diarrhea of being adapted to claimed in claim 3 lake and Lagoon, it is characterized in that: the support bar (3) of described fixedly internal layer etting (1) and the support bar (3) of fixed outer layer protection network (2) be circumferentially uniform along internal layer etting (1) and outer protection network (2) all, and the top edge of internal layer etting (1) and outer protection network (2) links to each other by the second hawser (7) respectively with between the junction of support bar (3).
6. breed and the intermediate rearing facility by the juvenile stichopus of the Diarrhea of being adapted to claimed in claim 3 lake and Lagoon, it is characterized in that: described sandbag (4) is the above sandbag of 15Kg, and the sandbag (4) of placing between the two adjacent support bars (3) is no less than three.
7. breed and the intermediate rearing facility by the juvenile stichopus of claim 1 or the 2 described Diarrhea of being adapted to lakes and Lagoon, it is characterized in that: the top edge of described internal layer etting (1) exceeds the climax water level more than 30 centimetres, is used for internal layer etting employing 100~200 mesh sieve thin,tough silk that juvenile stichopus is bred.
8. breed and the intermediate rearing facility by the juvenile stichopus of claim 1 or the 2 described Diarrhea of being adapted to lakes and Lagoon, it is characterized in that: the top edge of the top edge of described outer protection network (2) and internal layer etting (1) is contour, or is lower than the top edge of internal layer etting (1) and flushes with the climax water level.
9. breed and the intermediate rearing facility by the juvenile stichopus of claim 1 or the 2 described Diarrhea of being adapted to lakes and Lagoon, it is characterized in that: the spacing between described adjacent two support bars (3) is 2 meters, and support bar (3) inserts water-bed partial-length and is no less than 70 centimeters.
10. breed and the intermediate rearing facility by the juvenile stichopus of claim 1 or the 2 described Diarrhea of being adapted to lakes and Lagoon, it is characterized in that: described anchor pole (5) is at least four, link to each other with the support bar (3) of fixed outer layer protection network (2) by wind rope (5) respectively, the length of described wind rope (8) is not shorter than three times of the water-bed above Partial Height of support bar (3).
CN2012101847073A 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Facility for breeding and middle culture of stichopus japonicus seedlings in lagoons and semiclosed gulfs CN103026991A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103314890A (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-09-25 李胜南 Ecological breeding method and surrounding body structure unit for ecological breeding farm in water area
CN104170779A (en) * 2014-08-19 2014-12-03 嵊泗县陈久海洋生物集养有限公司 Aquaculture net cage
WO2015143573A1 (en) * 2014-03-25 2015-10-01 Espinoza Y Rojas Servicios De Ingenieria Limitada Modular protection system for fish farming cages preventing attack from natural predators, formed by a set of modules consisting of flat net surfaces and a plurality of structural and tensioning elements, and assembly method
WO2018091431A1 (en) * 2016-11-15 2018-05-24 Marine Constructions As Net for submersible marine fish pen

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5193481A (en) * 1989-04-18 1993-03-16 Nor'eastern Trawl Systems, Inc. Spar buoy pen system
US5617813A (en) * 1995-03-31 1997-04-08 Ocean Spar Technologies, Llc Anchorable mobile spar and ring fish pen
CN101611700A (en) * 2009-05-19 2009-12-30 威海西港刺参水产研究所有限公司 A kind of stichopus japonicus sea grow seedlings net cage and seedling-cultivating method
WO2010087713A1 (en) * 2009-01-30 2010-08-05 Akva Group Asa Device for a bottom ring for a fish farming net pen
CN101803579A (en) * 2010-03-10 2010-08-18 刘文杰 Multifunctional net cage
CN102301967A (en) * 2011-07-27 2012-01-04 翟玉明 Novel net of cultivation net cage

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5193481A (en) * 1989-04-18 1993-03-16 Nor'eastern Trawl Systems, Inc. Spar buoy pen system
US5617813A (en) * 1995-03-31 1997-04-08 Ocean Spar Technologies, Llc Anchorable mobile spar and ring fish pen
WO2010087713A1 (en) * 2009-01-30 2010-08-05 Akva Group Asa Device for a bottom ring for a fish farming net pen
CN101611700A (en) * 2009-05-19 2009-12-30 威海西港刺参水产研究所有限公司 A kind of stichopus japonicus sea grow seedlings net cage and seedling-cultivating method
CN101803579A (en) * 2010-03-10 2010-08-18 刘文杰 Multifunctional net cage
CN102301967A (en) * 2011-07-27 2012-01-04 翟玉明 Novel net of cultivation net cage

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103314890A (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-09-25 李胜南 Ecological breeding method and surrounding body structure unit for ecological breeding farm in water area
WO2015143573A1 (en) * 2014-03-25 2015-10-01 Espinoza Y Rojas Servicios De Ingenieria Limitada Modular protection system for fish farming cages preventing attack from natural predators, formed by a set of modules consisting of flat net surfaces and a plurality of structural and tensioning elements, and assembly method
CN104170779A (en) * 2014-08-19 2014-12-03 嵊泗县陈久海洋生物集养有限公司 Aquaculture net cage
CN104170779B (en) * 2014-08-19 2016-06-08 嵊泗县陈久海洋生物集养有限公司 A kind of aquiculture net cage
WO2018091431A1 (en) * 2016-11-15 2018-05-24 Marine Constructions As Net for submersible marine fish pen

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Application publication date: 20130410