CN103017441B - Refrigerator with vacuumizing device and control method thereof - Google Patents

Refrigerator with vacuumizing device and control method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103017441B
CN103017441B CN 201110300313 CN201110300313A CN103017441B CN 103017441 B CN103017441 B CN 103017441B CN 201110300313 CN201110300313 CN 201110300313 CN 201110300313 A CN201110300313 A CN 201110300313A CN 103017441 B CN103017441 B CN 103017441B
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vacuum
refrigerator
means
control module
container
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CN 201110300313
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103017441A (en )
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朴成杰
滕东晖
王丰蕾
许云翔
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海尔集团技术研发中心
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Abstract

一种具有抽真空装置的冰箱及其控制方法,所述冰箱包括箱体,设置在所述箱体内的内胆,以及抽真空装置,在所述内胆内设置有冷冻室和/或冷藏室,所述抽真空装置包括真空容器、对所述真空容器抽真空的抽取装置、检测真空容器内真空度的检测装置,以及与所述抽取装置连通以控制真空抽取,并且与检测装置连通以获取检测结果的真空控制模块,在所述箱体和所述内胆之间还设有非制冷空间,所述抽真空装置设置在所述非制冷空间内。 And a control method of a refrigerator having an evacuation means, said refrigerator comprising a cabinet, a liner disposed inside the case, and a vacuum means is provided with a freezing chamber and / or in said refrigerator compartment liner the evacuation means comprises a vacuum vessel, the vacuum vessel was evacuated extraction means, detection means for detecting the degree of vacuum in the vacuum container, and in communication with said extraction means to control the vacuum extraction, and communicates with the detection means to obtain the vacuum control module detection result, between said liner and said housing further has a non-refrigerated space, said vacuum means disposed in said non-refrigerated space. 采用本发明的具有抽真空装置的冰箱及其控制方法,能够节约能源,并且可采用普通的抽真空装置,对抽真空装置的各元件质量不需特别要求。 According to the present invention and a control method of a refrigerator having a vacuum apparatus, it is possible to save energy, and can be an ordinary evacuating means for evacuating the respective mass element without special apparatus requirements.

Description

具有抽真空装置的冰箱及其控制方法 And a control method of a refrigerator having a vacuum means

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明是有关于一种冰箱,特别是关于一种具有抽真空装置的冰箱及其控制方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a refrigerator, and more particularly to a method for controlling a refrigerator having a vacuum suction device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,冰箱已经成为千家万户必备的一种家用电器。 [0002] Currently, the refrigerator has become an essential household appliances to millions of households. 但是经过长时间的使用,人们发现仅依靠冷藏的方式还不足以满足食物长期保存的需要。 But after a long period, it was found frozen to rely only way is not enough to meet the food needs of long-term preservation. 于是,具有真空保鲜功能的冰箱应运而生。 Thus, a refrigerator having a vacuum preservation of function emerged.

[0003] 现有的真空冰箱多为将冰箱特定门体内的冷藏空间设置为真空空间。 [0003] The conventional vacuum plurality refrigerator freezer door body refrigerated space specific to the vacuum space. 在围成该空间的箱体上设置包括真空泵,压力感测器和充气装置等的抽真空装置。 Setting means comprises a vacuum pump, a pressure sensor and the inflator and the like in the enclosed space of the housing. 在使用者将食物放入该真空空间,并将其门体关闭后,由使用者按压特定的按键,启动真空泵,真空泵将真空空间内的空气抽出,当压力感测器感测到真空空间内已达到预设压力时,真空泵结束工作。 The users put food into the vacuum space, and the door is closed, the particular key pressed by the user, the vacuum pump, a vacuum pump extracting air in the vacuum space, when the pressure sensing sensor senses the vacuum space If it has reached the preset pressure, pump end of the work. 当使用者需要打开真空空间,取放食物时,需要按压特定按键,启动充气装置,由充气装置对真空空间充气,使真空空间内的压力与冰箱外界平衡,然后使用者方可打开真空空间,取放食物。 When the user needs to open the vacuum space, taking foodstuffs, need to press a specific key, starting the inflator, the inflator to the vacuum space by the inflator, the pressure balance in the refrigerator outside the vacuum space, and then the user before opening the vacuum space, pick and place food.

[0004] 但是这种真空冰箱存在明显的缺陷。 [0004] However, the vacuum obvious defects refrigerator. 首先,上述抽真空装置通常设置在冷藏空间内,致使抽真空装置需要长期在低温条件下工作,这样就对抽真空装置的真空泵,压力感测器和充气装置等有一定的质量要求。 First the vacuum device is generally disposed in the refrigerated space, resulting in long-term vacuum means working at low temperatures, so that on the vacuum pump means, pressure sensor and the inflator such as a certain quality requirements. 其次,由于技术限制真空空间不可能做成完全密封,这样,在每次关闭真空空间,并将其抽成真空后,需要由压力感测器不断地感测真空空间内的压力,一旦该压力小于预设压力,即自动启动真空泵,再次将真空空间内的空气抽出,才能保证真空空间内的真空度保持在一定的范围内,比较费电,不利于节能环保。 Second, due to technical limitations can not be made completely sealing the vacuum space, so that, after each closing the vacuum space, and a vacuum pump which requires constant pressure sensed by the pressure sensor within the vacuum space, as soon as the pressure less than a preset pressure, that is, the vacuum pump automatically, again out of the air in the vacuum of space, in order to ensure the degree of vacuum in the vacuum space is maintained within a certain range, more cost electricity, is not conducive to energy conservation and environmental protection. 并且,现有的真空冰箱不论真空空间内放入的是何种食物,真空空间内的真空度都保持在一定值,而我们发现,不同的食物对真空保鲜要求的真空度不同,例如西瓜等水果,若在不正确的真空度下被保存于冰箱内时,其表皮会因为水分蒸发而产生海绵现象,即其表面因为失水而变成海绵状,影响食物的口感。 Further, the conventional refrigerator vacuum within the vacuum space no matter what kind of food is placed in the vacuum degree in the vacuum space is maintained at a constant value, we found that different foods different requirements on the degree of vacuum preservation, e.g. watermelons fruit, if stored in the refrigerator is at an incorrect degree of vacuum, because of water evaporation epidermis generated sponge phenomenon that the surface becomes water loss because of spongy, affect the taste of food. 因此这种真空冰箱并不能满足真空保存食物的需要。 This vacuum and therefore can not meet the needs of the refrigerator to preserve food vacuum.

[0005] 另外还有一种真空冰箱,是在其制冷空间内部或者门体上设有连接真空泵的真空吸嘴,其可将具有对应吸嘴和单向阀的保鲜盒抽成真空,再将保鲜盒放在冰箱制冷空间内保存,但是这种方式必须采用具有与冰箱的真空吸嘴配套的对应吸嘴的保鲜盒,不可使用市面上一般的具有单向阀的保鲜盒。 [0005] There is also a refrigerator vacuum, a vacuum pump connected to the vacuum suction nozzle is provided on its inside or the door of the refrigerated space, which may correspond to the nozzle and having a check valve crisper evacuated, then fresh cartridge stored refrigerated space in the refrigerator, but this approach must be used with the vacuum suction nozzle having a refrigerator crisper supporting corresponding nozzle, generally can not be used commercially in the food container having a check valve.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 有鉴于此,本发明的目的在于提供一种能够节约能源,可采用普通的抽真空装置,对抽真空装置的各元件质量不需特别要求的具有抽真空装置的冰箱。 [0006] In view of this, an object of the present invention to provide a refrigerator having a vacuum apparatus can save energy, can be an ordinary evacuation means for evacuating the respective mass element without special apparatus requirements.

[0007] 本发明的另一目的在于提供一种能够节约能源,并且还可以根据要保存的食物的不同种类设定不同的真空度,使各种食物保存在最适宜的真空度条件下的具有抽真空装置的冰箱的控制方法。 [0007] Another object of the present invention is to provide an energy-saving, and can also be set different depending on the kind of the degree of vacuum of food to be saved, so that various kinds of food stored in the optimum condition with a vacuum degree vacuum pumping control method of a refrigerator apparatus.

[0008] 为达上述优点,本发明提供一种具有抽真空装置的冰箱,其包括箱体,设置在所述箱体内的内胆,以及抽真空装置,在所述内胆内设置有冷冻室和/或冷藏室,所述抽真空装置包括真空容器、对所述真空容器抽真空的抽取装置、检测真空容器内真空度的检测装置,以及与所述抽取装置连通以控制真空抽取,并且与检测装置连通以获取检测结果的真空控制模块,在所述箱体和所述内胆之间还设有非制冷空间,所述抽真空装置设置在所述非制冷空间内。 [0008] To achieve the above advantages, the present invention provides a refrigerator having a vacuum suction device, which includes a housing, a liner disposed inside the case, and a vacuum means is provided with a freezing chamber within said liner and / or the refrigerating chamber, the evacuation means comprises a vacuum vessel, the vacuum vessel was evacuated extraction means, detection means for detecting the degree of vacuum in the vacuum container, and in communication with said extraction means to control the vacuum extraction, and with communication means for detecting a detection result of the vacuum control module, between said casing and said liner further provided with a non-refrigerated space, said vacuum means disposed in said non-refrigerated space.

[0009] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述抽真空装置还包括具有单向阀的保鲜容器,所述保鲜容器可收容待抽真空的物品于其内,所述抽真空装置通过所述保鲜容器对待抽真空的物品进行抽真空。 [0009] In one embodiment of the present invention, the apparatus further comprising a vacuum container having a check valve preservation of the preservation container may be housed within a vacuum drawn article thereon, said evacuating means through said preservation container treated article evacuated evacuated.

[0010] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述冰箱还包括制冷系统,所述制冷系统与所述内胆内的冷冻室和/或冷藏室连通,所述非制冷空间不与所述制冷系统连通。 [0010] In one embodiment of the present invention, the refrigerator further comprises a cooling system, a freezing chamber within the liner with the refrigeration system and / or the refrigerating communication with the non-refrigerated space is not the refrigerating communication system.

[0011] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述冰箱还包括冰箱控制模块,所述抽真空装置的真空控制模块设置在所述冰箱控制模块上,所述冰箱还包括电源模块,所述电源模块与所述抽真空装置电连接。 [0011] In one embodiment of the present invention, the refrigerator further comprises a refrigerator control module, the control module the vacuum evacuation means disposed in the control module of the refrigerator, the refrigerator further comprises a power supply module, the power supply the evacuation module is electrically connected.

[0012] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述冰箱控制模块包括控制面板以及电路板,所述控制面板上设有多个按键,至少部分所述多个按键分别对应真空泵的多个工作档位。 [0012] In one embodiment of the present invention, the refrigerator control module includes a control panel and a circuit board, a plurality of keys on the control panel, at least a portion of the plurality of keys respectively corresponding to a plurality of vacuum pumps work gear bit.

[0013] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述抽真空装置还包括同样由所述控制模块控制并且可对真空容器充气的充气开关,所述控制模块可设置成可发出指令关闭所述充气开关、启动所述抽取装置,或者根据所述检测装置反馈的信号关闭所述抽取装置、开启所述充气开关,所述控制模块和所述抽取装置、所述充气开关、所述检测装置电连接,并且与所述冰箱的电源模块电连接。 [0013] In one embodiment of the present invention, the apparatus further comprises a vacuum likewise controlled by said pneumatic control module and switching on the vacuum vessel may be inflated, the control module may be arranged to issue an instruction to close the inflator switch, starting the extraction means, said extraction means or based on a signal detecting means to close said feedback, said pneumatic switch opening, the control module and the extraction means, the inflator switch means electrically connected to said detector , and electrically connected to the power module of the refrigerator.

[0014] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述真空容器是一端开口的柱体,在其开口端设有可将其开口密封的盖体,在所述真空容器上还设置有抽气孔和充气孔,所述抽取装置包括真空泵,驱动真空泵的电机,以及连接所述真空泵的进气口与所述真空容器的抽气孔的管路,所述驱动真空泵的电机受所述真空控制模块控制,所述充气开关与所述真空容器的充气孔连通。 [0014] In one embodiment of the present invention, the vacuum container is a cylinder open at one end, provided at its open end which can seal the opening of the lid on the container is also provided with vacuum suction holes and the pneumatic bore, said extraction means comprises a vacuum pump, a motor driven pump, connecting pipes and the suction hole of the intake port of the vacuum pump and the vacuum container, the vacuum pump is driven by a motor of the vacuum control module, the gas-filled switchgear communication with the inflator hole of the vacuum vessel.

[0015] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述冰箱还包括多个门体,所述冰箱的冷冻室、冷藏室以及非制冷空间分别由多个门体覆盖,所述非制冷空间的门体包括密封所述真空容器的盖体。 [0015] In one embodiment of the present invention, the refrigerator further comprises a plurality of door, the freezer compartment, refrigerator compartment and the non-refrigerated space are covered by a plurality of door, the door of the non-refrigerated space said body includes a cover sealed vacuum container.

[0016] 本发明还提供一种具有真空装置的冰箱的控制方法,所述真空装置包括真空容器、对所述真空容器抽真空的抽取装置、控制真空抽取的控制模块以及检测真空容器内真空度的检测装置,其特征在于:所述控制方法包括以下步骤: [0016] The present invention further provides a control method of a refrigerator having a vacuum means, said vacuum means comprises a vacuum vessel, the vacuum vessel was evacuated extraction apparatus, the vacuum control module extracting and detecting a degree of vacuum in the vacuum container detection means, wherein: said control method comprising the steps of:

[0017] 提供一个由所述控制模块控制并且可对真空容器充气的充气开关; [0017] providing a control of the control module and may switch inflatable pneumatic vacuum vessel;

[0018] 所述控制模块发出指令关闭所述充气开关、启动所述抽取装置; [0018] The control module instructs the inflator off switch, starting the extraction means;

[0019] 所述检测装置检测所述真空容器内的真空度; [0019] detecting the degree of vacuum in the vacuum vessel detection means;

[0020] 所述控制模块根据所述检测装置反馈的信号关闭所述抽取装置、开启所述充气开关。 [0020] The control module of the extraction means based on a signal detecting means to close said feedback, said pneumatic switch opening.

[0021] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述控制模块根据所述检测装置反馈的所述真空容器内的真空度达到预定值的信号关闭所述抽取装置、开启所述充气开关。 [0021] In one embodiment of the present invention, the control module off signal reaches a predetermined value in accordance with the degree of vacuum in the vacuum vessel detection means of the said feedback extraction means opening the gas-filled switchgear.

[0022] 在本发明的一个实施例中,所述真空容器是一端开口的柱体,在其开口端设有可将其开口密封的盖体,在所述真空容器上还设置有抽气孔和充气孔,所述抽取装置包括真空泵,驱动真空泵的电机,以及连接所述真空泵的进气口与所述真空容器的抽气孔的管路,所述驱动真空泵的电机受所述真空控制模块控制,所述充气开关与所述真空容器的充气孔连通。 [0022] In one embodiment of the present invention, the vacuum container is a cylinder open at one end, provided at its open end which can seal the opening of the lid on the container is also provided with vacuum suction holes and the pneumatic bore, said extraction means comprises a vacuum pump, a motor driven pump, connecting pipes and the suction hole of the intake port of the vacuum pump and the vacuum container, the vacuum pump is driven by a motor of the vacuum control module, the gas-filled switchgear communication with the inflator hole of the vacuum vessel.

[0023] 在本发明的实施例中,在冰箱箱体和内胆间设置非制冷空间,将抽真空装置设置在该非制冷空间内,因此可采用普通的抽真空装置,对抽真空装置的各元件质量不需特别要求。 [0023] In an embodiment of the present invention, non-refrigerated space is provided between the refrigerator body and the liner, will be drawn in the non-refrigerated space, and therefore can be an ordinary vacuum means evacuation means is provided, the vacuum pump each mass element without any special requirements. 并且在本发明具有抽真空装置的冰箱中,不需要长期保持抽真空装置的真空容器中的真空度,因此这种具有抽真空装置的冰箱既能够达到真空保存食物的目的,又能够节约能源。 In the present invention, and a refrigerator having a vacuum device, it does not need long-term vacuum vessel was evacuated in a vacuum device, so that a refrigerator having a vacuum means both to achieve a vacuum of food preservation, but also can save energy. 采用这种具有抽真空装置的冰箱还可以根据要保存的食物的不同种类设定不同的真空度,使各种食物保存在最适宜的真空度条件下。 With such a refrigerator having a vacuum device may also be set different depending on the kind of the degree of vacuum of food to be saved, so that various kinds of food stored in the most appropriate degree of vacuum. 并且这些食物不必须保存在冰箱内,也可以保存在冰箱外。 These foods are not and must be stored in the refrigerator, you can store it outside the refrigerator. 此外,这种具有抽真空装置的冰箱还可将真空保存扩展到食物以外的物品,例如易于受潮的底片、照片,或者需要长期保存的衣物等,均可放在大小合适的保鲜容器中,再放入冰箱的抽真空装置抽取到合适的真空度,然后置于储藏柜等内长期保存。 Furthermore, such a refrigerator having a vacuum device may also be saved in vacuo to extend beyond the food items, such as ease of wet backsheet, photographs, or long-term storage of clothing, can be placed in an appropriate size container preservation, and then refrigerator evacuation means to a suitable degree of vacuum extraction, and then placed in long-term preservation within the cabinets and the like.

[0024] 上述说明仅是本发明技术方案的概述,为了能够更清楚了解本发明的技术手段,而可依照说明书的内容予以实施,并且为了让本发明的上述和其他目的、特征和优点能够更明显易懂,以下特举较佳实施例,并配合附图,详细说明如下。 [0024] The above description is only an overview of the technical solution of the present invention, in order to more fully understood from the present invention, but may be implemented in accordance with the contents of the specification, and in order to make the aforementioned and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention can be more apparent from the following Patent cited preferred embodiments accompanied with figures are described in detail below.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0025] 图1为本发明具有抽真空装置的冰箱的一个实施例的示意图。 [0025] FIG. 1 is a schematic of an embodiment of a refrigerator having a vacuum apparatus of the present invention.

[0026] 图2为本发明实施例中的箱体和内胆的结构示意图。 [0026] FIG. 2 is a schematic arrangement of an embodiment of the housing and liner of the present invention.

[0027] 图3为本发明实施例中的抽真空装置的结构示意图。 [0027] FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram evacuating device in the embodiment of the present invention.

[0028] 图4为本发明实施例中的抽真空装置的控制方法的流程图。 [0028] FIG 4 is a flowchart method for controlling a vacuum pumping apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0029] 为更进一步阐述本发明为达成预定发明目的所采取的技术手段及功效,以下结合附图及较佳实施例,对依据本发明提出的具有抽真空装置的冰箱及其控制方法的具体实施方式、结构、特征及其功效,详细说明如后。 [0029] To further elaborate the technical means and effects the present invention is predetermined to achieve the object of the invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the following preferred embodiments, specific for the refrigerator and a control method of the vacuum device is proposed according to the invention embodiment, the structure, characteristics and efficacy, as will be described in detail.

[0030] 请参考图1和图2所示,本发明实施例的具有抽真空装置的冰箱3是一种现有的通过制冷循环系统制冷的家用冰箱,其包括箱体36,内胆37,制冷系统,冰箱控制模块,电源模块,以及构成普通家用冰箱的其它元件(图未示)。 [0030] Please refer to FIGS. 1 and 2, a refrigerator having a vacuum apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention is a 3 by a conventional refrigeration cycle system refrigerant household refrigerator, which includes a case 36, liner 37, refrigeration system, the refrigerator control module, power module, and other components (not shown) constituting the ordinary household refrigerator. 在内胆37内设置有冷藏室和冷冻室,冷藏室和冷冻室与制冷系统连通,亦即制冷系统对冷藏室和冷冻室提供制冷。 In the tank 37 is provided with refrigerator and freezer, refrigerator and freezer communication with the refrigeration system, i.e. the refrigeration system to provide refrigeration to the freezing chamber and the refrigerating compartment. 在内胆和箱体之间还设有不具备制冷功能的非制冷空间38,即该非制冷空间38不与制冷系统连通,制冷系统不对其提供制冷,非制冷空间38内的温度为室温。 Between the liner and the casing is also provided with a non-refrigerated space 38 does not have the cooling function, that is, the non-refrigerated space 38 does not communicate with the refrigeration system, the refrigeration system does not provide cooling thereof, the temperature in the non-refrigerated space 38 at room temperature. 冷冻室由门体30覆盖,冷藏室分成两个空间,分别由门体30、和33覆盖,非制冷空间38由门体32覆盖。 Covered by the freezing chamber door 30, the refrigerating compartment is divided into two spaces, respectively, by the door body 30, and the cover 33, the non-refrigerated space 38 by a door 32 covers. 冰箱控制模块包括控制面板34以及电路板(图未示),所述控制面板34设置在门体31和门体32之间,其上设有多个按键。 Refrigerator control module 34 includes a control panel and a circuit board (not shown), the control panel 34 is provided between the door 31 and the door 32, on which a plurality of keys. 在非制冷空间38内门体32覆盖的部分设置有抽真空装置I。 In the non-refrigerated space portion 3832 is provided to cover the inner door with a vacuum means I.

[0031] 以下详述抽真空装置I的结构及控制方法。 [0031] The following detailed description of the structure and control method of the vacuum pumping apparatus I. 请参照图3,在本实施例中,抽真空装置I包括真空容器10、真空泵12、驱动真空泵的电机120、充气开关14、真空度检测装置15以及真空控制模块16。 Referring to FIG 3, in the present embodiment, the vacuum suction device I comprises a vacuum vessel 10, a vacuum pump 12, the motor 120 drives the vacuum pump, a pneumatic switch 14, the vacuum degree detection means 15 and a vacuum control module 16.

[0032] 真空容器10是一端开口的圆柱体,在其开口端设有盖体102。 [0032] The vacuum vessel 10 is a cylinder open at one end, is provided with a cover at its open end 102. 在盖体102关闭时,盖体102可覆盖真空容器10的开口端。 When lid 102 is closed, the cover 102 may cover the open end of the vacuum vessel 10. 在真空容器10的开口端和/或盖体102周围设有密封胶条(图未示),从而在盖体102关闭时,盖体102和真空容器10可形成密封空间。 The open end of the vacuum vessel 10 and / or a sealing strip (not shown) around the cover 102, so that when the lid 102 is closed, the lid 102 and the vacuum vessel 10 may form a sealed space. 在真空容器10的侧壁上设置有抽气孔104和充气孔106。 There is provided a pneumatic suction holes 104 and holes 106 on the side wall of the vacuum chamber 10.

[0033] 真空泵12的进气口通过管路122与真空容器10的抽气孔104连通,真空泵12的出气口直接与大气连通。 Air inlet [0033] conduit 122 by the vacuum pump 12 and the vacuum vessel 10 is evacuated communication hole 104, the vacuum pump outlet port 12 communicates directly with the atmosphere. 驱动真空泵的电机120与真空控制模块16电路连通,并受真空控制模块16控制。 A motor driven vacuum pump 120 communicates with the vacuum control module circuit 16, and by the vacuum control module 16 controls.

[0034] 充气开关14可以是由真空控制模块16控制通断的电磁阀,充气开关14通过管路142与真空容器10的充气孔106连通,充气开关14的进气口直接与大气连通。 [0034] The pneumatic switch 14 may be controlled by a vacuum control module 16 on-off solenoid valve 14 communicates with line 142 through the inflation hole 10 of the vacuum chamber 106 a pneumatic switch, the pneumatic switch the intake port 14 communicates directly with the atmosphere.

[0035] 真空度检测装置15,如负压真空传感器设置在真空容器10上,以检测真空容器10内的真空度。 [0035] The vacuum degree detection means 15, such as a negative pressure sensor is disposed in a vacuum on the vacuum vessel 10, to detect the degree of vacuum in the vacuum chamber 10.

[0036] 真空控制模块16包括控制面板162以及电路板(图未标),控制面板162上设有多个按键164,该多个按键164分别对应真空泵12的工作档位。 [0036] Vacuum control module 16 includes a control panel 162 and a circuit board (not labeled), a control panel 164 is provided with a plurality of keys 162, 164 respectively corresponding to the plurality of key operating range of the vacuum pump 12. 由于不同的食物需要在不同的真空度条件下进行保存,因此真空泵12的工作档位可依据需要保存的食物种类划分,例如肉类、西瓜等多汁的水果、其它水果、蔬菜等。 Since different foods need to be stored at different degree of vacuum, vacuum pump 12 and therefore the operating range can be based on the need to preserve food division type, such as meat, juicy fruit like watermelon, other fruits and vegetables. 电路板分别与真空泵12、充气开关14、真空度检测装置15以及控制面板162电连接。 Each circuit board 12, the pneumatic switch 14, the vacuum degree detection means 15 and a control panel 162 is electrically connected to a vacuum pump.

[0037] 抽真空装置I的真空泵12的工作档位由储存在真空控制模块16中的预设的真空度来控制。 [0037] I evacuating device operating range of the vacuum pump 12 is controlled by a predetermined degree of vacuum in the vacuum control module 16 is stored in. 真空容器10内的真空度是否达到预设的值由真空度检测装置15检测,并反馈给真空控制模块16。 The degree of vacuum in the vacuum chamber 10 reaches a preset value by the vacuum control module detecting means 15 detects the degree of vacuum, and back to 16.

[0038] 抽真空装置I还可包括保鲜容器(图未示),所述保鲜容器收容待抽真空的物品于其内,抽真空装置I对保鲜容器进行抽真空,以在保鲜容器内物品周围形成真空环境。 [0038] I further comprising a vacuum container preservation apparatus (not shown), housed within the preservation container to be evacuated article thereon, evacuating device for evacuating I preservation vessel to around the article in the container preservation forming a vacuum environment. 保鲜容器可以是市面上销售的任意一种具有单向阀的保鲜盒、保鲜袋等容器,该单向阀能够阻挡外界空气进入保鲜容器,但保鲜容器内的空气可以通过单向阀流出保鲜容器。 Preservation container may be of any kind on the market having a crisper, plastic bags and other containers of the check valve, the check valve capable of blocking fresh outside air into the container, but the air can flow inside the preservation container preservation container through a check valve . 当待抽真空的物品放置在保鲜容器内时,只需通过单向阀将保鲜容器内部抽真空即可;当保鲜容器内部的物品无需保持真空状态,或者需要打开保鲜容器时,只需转动保鲜容器上的单向阀将外部空气注入保鲜容器,即可使保鲜容器处于非真空状态,解除保鲜容器内物品周围的真空状态。 When the article to be evacuated placed in the container preservation, only through the check valve inside the vessel was evacuated to preservation; when the interior of the container preservation article without maintain a vacuum state, or the need to open the container preservation, simply turning fresh a check valve on the fresh air into the container outside the container, the container can be of the wrap in a non-vacuum state, the vacuum state is released around the article within the container preservation.

[0039] 请参照图4所示,抽真空装置I的控制方法的步骤如下:用户首先将保存有食物,例如切开的西瓜的保鲜容器(图未示)放入真空容器10。 [0039] Referring to FIG. 4, the step of vacuum pumping apparatus control method I are as follows: First, the user stores food, such as watermelon fresh cut container (not shown) into the vacuum vessel 10. 然后,由用户关闭真空容器10的盖体102,启动控制面板162上的对应按键164,例如西瓜等多汁的水果,启动抽真空程序。 Then, the user closes the lid 10 of the vacuum vessel 102, the corresponding key on the control panel starting 162,164, watermelon and other juicy fruit e.g., start evacuation procedures. 控制面板162发出命令,关闭充气开关14,启动真空泵12,使其工作。 The control panel 162 issues a command to close a pneumatic switch 14, the vacuum pump 12 to make it work. 由真空度检测装置15检测真空容器10内的真空度是否达到预设的值,例如西瓜等多汁的水果的最佳保存真空度是50%,真空度检测装置15将检测结果反馈给真空控制模块16。 The degree of vacuum is detected by the detection means 15 of the vacuum chamber 10, the degree of vacuum reaches a preset value, for example, the best preservation of the degree of vacuum juicy fruit watermelons 50%, the degree of vacuum means 15 detecting the detection result to the control vacuo module 16. 在真空度未达到预设值时,真空泵12继续工作;在真空度达到预设值时,控制面板162发出命令,关闭真空泵12,此时真空容器10以及真空容器10内保鲜容器的真空度达到预设的值,抽真空完成,但在此时由于真空容器10内的压力小于真空容器10外部的大气压力,用户是无法打开盖体102,取出保鲜容器的。 When the degree of vacuum does not reach a preset value, the vacuum pump 12 continues to operate; when the vacuum reaches a preset value, the control panel 162 issues a command, the vacuum pump 12, and a vacuum degree in the case 10 of the vacuum chamber 10 a vacuum vessel reaches fresh container a preset value, evacuation is completed, but this time the pressure in the vacuum vessel 10 is smaller than the outer vacuum vessel 10 atmospheric pressure, the user is unable to open the cover 102, taken fresh container. 随后控制面板162发出命令,打开充气开关14,使得真空容器10内的压力恢复到大气压力,从而抽真空装置I结束工作,用户可以打开盖体102,取出保鲜容器。 Then the control panel 162 issues a command to open a pneumatic switch 14, so that the pressure within the vacuum chamber 10 is returned to atmospheric pressure, so that the end of the vacuum suction device I work, the user may open the cover member 102, remove the container preservation. 但由于保鲜容器具有单向阀,因此保鲜容器内的真空度仍为预设的值。 However, due to preservation container having a check valve, and therefore the degree of vacuum in the container remains fresh preset value. 此时,用户可以将该保鲜容器放入冰箱3的冷藏室或者就放置在常温条件下,即可增长保鲜容器内食物的保鲜时间。 In this case, the user may refrigerator freezer preservation container 3 is placed on or under normal temperature conditions, to increase the preservation time of the food container preservation.

[0040] 请继续参考图1,在本实施例中,抽真空装置I设置在门体32内,亦即将抽真空装置I设置在冰箱3的非制冷空间38内。 [0040] Please continue to refer to FIG. 1, in the present embodiment, the vacuum suction device I is provided in the door body 32, i.e., the vacuum evacuation means disposed in the refrigerator I non-refrigerated space 38 3. 将真空容器10固定在门体32内的空间,并将一块挡板35设置在真空容器10外围,以遮蔽真空泵12等元件。 The vacuum vessel 10 is fixed in the space inside the body 32, and a baffle 35 provided at the periphery of the vacuum chamber 10, vacuum pump 12 and the like in the shielding member. 将盖体102固定在门体32上,其位置设置成只要门体32关闭,盖体102即可覆盖真空容器10的开口端即可。 The cover 102 is fixed on the door body 32, which is positioned to the door body 32 is closed as long as the cover member 102 can cover the open end of the vacuum vessel 10 can be. 抽真空装置I的真空控制模块16可与冰箱3的冰箱控制模块做成一体,亦即将真空控制模块16的控制面板162设置在冰箱控制模块的控制面板34上。 I vacuum evacuating device control module 16 can be made integrally with the freezer refrigerator control module 3, i.e., the vacuum control module 16 of the control panel 162 is provided on the control panel 34 of the refrigerator control module. 抽真空装置I与冰箱3内的电源模块(图未示)电连接,并由其直接供电。 I evacuating device 3 and the refrigerator power module (not shown) is electrically connected, which is powered directly by.

[0041] 可以理解,本发明的具有抽真空装置的冰箱,其冷藏室、冷冻室,以及非制冷空间的排布方式不限于本实施例所示的排布方式。 [0041] It will be appreciated, the present invention is a refrigerator having a vacuum device, refrigerator, freezer, and non-refrigerated space arranging manner is not limited to the present embodiment of the arrangement illustrated embodiment. 本发明的具有抽真空装置的冰箱所采用的抽真空装置也不限于本实施例所示的抽真空装置,其可以是各种业界已知的抽真空装置。 Evacuation device for a refrigerator having a vacuum suction device of the present invention employs a vacuum apparatus is not limited to the present embodiment illustrated embodiment, which may be of various vacuum devices known in the art.

[0042] 同样可以理解,真空容器10也可以不是圆柱体,而是立方柱体或者多边形柱体等其它柱体形状。 [0042] also be appreciated that the vacuum chamber 10 need not be cylindrical, but other cylindrical shape or a polygonal pillar cube-like cylinder. 真空容器10也可以不设盖体102,直接由非制冷空间38的门体32将真空容器10的开口端覆盖以及密封,亦即由非制冷空间38的门体32直接充当真空容器10的盖体。 The vacuum chamber 10 may not be provided a cover member 102, the door 38 directly from the non-refrigerated space 32 covers the open end of the vacuum vessel 10 and sealing member that is non-refrigerated space 38 by a door 32 of the vacuum chamber cover 10 directly as the body.

[0043] 综上所述,在本发明具有抽真空装置的冰箱中,在冰箱箱体和内胆间设置非制冷空间,将抽真空装置设置在该非制冷空间内,因此可采用普通的抽真空装置,对抽真空装置的各元件质量不需特别要求。 [0043] As described above, in a refrigerator having a vacuum suction device of the present invention, non-refrigerated space is provided between the refrigerator body and the liner, will be drawn in the non-refrigerated space, and therefore can be an ordinary evacuating means arranged vacuum means for evacuating the respective mass element without special apparatus requirements. 并且在本发明具有抽真空装置的冰箱中,不需要长期保持抽真空装置的真空容器中的真空度,因此这种具有抽真空装置的冰箱既能够达到真空保存食物的目的,又能够节约能源。 In the present invention, and a refrigerator having a vacuum device, it does not need long-term vacuum vessel was evacuated in a vacuum device, so that a refrigerator having a vacuum means both to achieve a vacuum of food preservation, but also can save energy. 采用这种具有抽真空装置的冰箱还可以根据要保存的食物的不同种类设定不同的真空度,使各种食物保存在最适宜的真空度条件下。 With such a refrigerator having a vacuum device may also be set different depending on the kind of the degree of vacuum of food to be saved, so that various kinds of food stored in the most appropriate degree of vacuum. 并且这些食物不必须保存在冰箱内,也可以保存在冰箱外。 These foods are not and must be stored in the refrigerator, you can store it outside the refrigerator. 此外,这种具有抽真空装置的冰箱还可将真空保存扩展到食物以外的物品,例如易于受潮的底片、照片,或者需要长期保存的衣物等,均可放在大小合适的保鲜容器中,再放入冰箱的抽真空装置抽取到合适的真空度,然后置于储藏柜等内长期保存。 Furthermore, such a refrigerator having a vacuum device may also be saved in vacuo to extend beyond the food items, such as ease of wet backsheet, photographs, or long-term storage of clothing, can be placed in an appropriate size container preservation, and then refrigerator evacuation means to a suitable degree of vacuum extraction, and then placed in long-term preservation within the cabinets and the like.

[0044] 以上所述,仅是本发明的较佳实施例而已,并非对本发明作任何形式上的限制,虽然本发明已以较佳实施例揭露如上,然而并非用以限定本发明,任何熟悉本专业的技术人员,在不脱离本发明技术方案范围内,当可利用上述揭示的技术内容作出些许更动或修饰为等同变化的等效实施例,但凡是未脱离本发明技术方案内容,依据本发明的技术实质对以上实施例所作的任何简单修改、等同变化与修饰,均仍属于本发明技术方案的范围内。 [0044] The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention only, not limitation of the present invention in any form, although the invention has been disclosed above by the preferred embodiments, but not intended to limit the present invention, anyone familiar with Those skilled in the art, without departing from the scope of the technical solution of the present invention, when the content of the above techniques can be used to make minor modifications disclosed as equivalent variations or modifications equivalent embodiments, but all without departing from the technical content of the present invention, according to technical essence of the invention is a simple modification of any of the above embodiments made equivalent modifications and variations, provided they fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (11)

  1. 1.一种具有抽真空装置的冰箱,其包括箱体,设置在所述箱体内的内胆,以及抽真空装置,在所述内胆内设置有冷冻室和/或冷藏室,所述抽真空装置包括真空容器、对所述真空容器抽真空的抽取装置、检测真空容器内真空度的检测装置,以及与所述抽取装置连通以控制真空抽取,并且与检测装置连通以获取检测结果的真空控制模块,其特征在于:在所述箱体和所述内胆之间还设有非制冷空间,所述抽真空装置设置在所述非制冷空间内。 1. A refrigerator having a vacuum suction device, which includes a housing, a liner disposed inside the case, and a vacuum means is provided with a liner inside the freezing chamber and / or the refrigerating compartment, the suction vacuum means comprises a vacuum vessel, the vacuum vessel was evacuated extraction means, detection means for detecting the degree of vacuum in the vacuum container, and in communication with said extraction means to control the vacuum extraction, and the detection means communicates with the detection result of the vacuum to obtain a control module, wherein: between said casing and said liner further provided with a non-refrigerated space, said vacuum means disposed in said non-refrigerated space.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的具有抽真空装置的冰箱,其特征在于:所述抽真空装置还包括具有单向阀的保鲜容器,所述保鲜容器可收容待抽真空的物品于其内,所述抽真空装置通过所述保鲜容器对待抽真空的物品进行抽真空。 2. The refrigerator having a vacuum suction device according to claim 1, wherein: said apparatus further comprises a vacuum vessel having a fresh check valve, the preservation container may be housed within a vacuum drawn article thereon, the evacuation by means of the vacuum container preservation treated article evacuated.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的具有抽真空装置的冰箱,其特征在于:所述冰箱还包括制冷系统,所述制冷系统与所述内胆内的冷冻室和/或冷藏室连通,所述非制冷空间不与所述制冷系统连通。 3. The refrigerator having a vacuum suction device according to claim 1, wherein: said refrigerator further comprises a cooling system, a freezing chamber within the liner with the refrigeration system and / or the refrigerating communication, the non-refrigerated space does not communicate with the refrigeration system.
  4. 4.如权利要求3所述的具有抽真空装置的冰箱,其特征在于:所述冰箱还包括电源模块,所述电源模块与所述抽真空装置电连接,所述冰箱还包括冰箱控制模块,所述抽真空装置的真空控制模块设置在所述冰箱控制模块上。 The refrigerator having a vacuum suction device according to claim 3, wherein: said refrigerator further comprises a power supply module, the power module and electrically connected to the evacuation means, said refrigerator further comprises a refrigerator control module, the vacuum evacuation means disposed in the control module of the refrigerator control module.
  5. 5.如权利要求4所述的具有抽真空装置的冰箱,其特征在于:所述冰箱控制模块包括控制面板以及电路板,所述控制面板上设有多个按键,至少部分所述多个按键分别对应真空泵的多个工作档位。 The refrigerator of claim 4 having a vacuum apparatus as claimed in claim, characterized in that: the refrigerator control module includes a control panel and a circuit board, a plurality of keys on the control panel, at least a portion of the plurality of keys respectively corresponding to the plurality of vacuum pumps operating range.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的具有抽真空装置的冰箱,其特征在于:所述抽真空装置还包括同样由所述真空控制模块控制并且可对真空容器充气的充气开关,所述真空控制模块设置成可发出指令关闭所述充气开关、启动所述抽取装置,或者根据所述检测装置反馈的信号关闭所述抽取装置、开启所述充气开关,所述真空控制模块和所述抽取装置、所述充气开关、所述检测装置电连接,并且与所述冰箱的电源模块电连接。 The refrigerator of claim 1 having the evacuating device as claimed in claim, characterized in that: said apparatus further comprises a vacuum controlled by the same control module and the vacuum switch of the vacuum container inflatable inflating the vacuum control module arranged to issue an instruction to close the pneumatic switch, starting the extraction means, said extraction means or based on a signal detecting means to close said feedback, said pneumatic switch opening, the vacuum control module and the extraction means, the said pneumatic switch, electrically connected to said detecting means, and electrically connected to the power module of the refrigerator.
  7. 7.如权利要求6所述的具有抽真空装置的冰箱,其特征在于:所述真空容器是一端开口的柱体,在其开口端设有可将其开口密封的盖体,在所述真空容器上还设置有抽气孔和充气孔,所述抽取装置包括真空泵,驱动真空泵的电机,以及连接所述真空泵的进气口与所述真空容器的抽气孔的管路,所述驱动真空泵的电机受所述真空控制模块控制,所述充气开关与所述真空容器的充气孔连通。 The refrigerator of claim 6 having a vacuum suction device as claimed in claim, wherein: said vessel is a cylinder open at one end, an opening may be provided with a sealing lid at its open end, the vacuum the container is also provided with a suction hole and filling the hole, the extraction means comprise a vacuum pump, a motor driven pump, connecting pipes and the suction hole of the intake port of the vacuum pump and the vacuum container, the vacuum pump drive motor by the vacuum control module, the pneumatic switch communicating with the inflator hole of the vacuum vessel.
  8. 8.如权利要求6所述的具有抽真空装置的冰箱,其特征在于:所述冰箱还包括多个门体,所述冰箱的冷冻室、冷藏室以及非制冷空间分别由多个门体覆盖,所述非制冷空间的门体包括密封所述真空容器的盖体。 8. A refrigerator having a vacuum suction device according to claim 6, characterized in that: further comprising a plurality of said refrigerator door, the freezer compartment, refrigerator compartment and the non-refrigerated space are covered by a plurality of door the non-refrigerated space of the door body of the vacuum vessel includes a sealing lid.
  9. 9.一种具有抽真空装置的冰箱的控制方法,所述冰箱包括箱体,设置在所述箱体内的内胆,以及抽真空装置,在所述内胆内设置有冷冻室和/或冷藏室,所述抽真空装置包括真空容器、对所述真空容器抽真空的抽取装置、控制真空抽取的真空控制模块以及检测真空容器内真空度的检测装置,其特征在于:在所述箱体和所述内胆之间还设有非制冷空间,所述抽真空装置设置在所述非制冷空间内,所述抽真空装置还包括由所述真空控制模块控制并且可对真空容器充气的充气开关,所述控制方法包括以下步骤: 所述真空控制模块发出指令关闭所述充气开关、启动所述抽取装置; 所述检测装置检测所述真空容器内的真空度; 所述真空控制模块根据所述检测装置反馈的信号关闭所述抽取装置、开启所述充气开关。 A control method of a refrigerator having a vacuum suction device, said refrigerator comprising a housing, the liner is disposed inside the case, and a vacuum means is provided with a freezing chamber within the liner and / or refrigeration chamber, the evacuation means comprises a vacuum vessel, the vacuum vessel was evacuated extraction means, vacuum control module controls the vacuum extraction and detection means for detecting the degree of vacuum in the vacuum container, wherein: in said housing and the liner is also provided between the non-refrigerated space, said vacuum means disposed in said non-refrigerated space, said apparatus further comprising controlling evacuation by the vacuum control module and switching on the vacuum container inflatable inflating , the control method comprising the steps of: said vacuum control module issues an instruction to close the pneumatic switch, starting the extraction means; detecting the degree of vacuum in the vacuum vessel detection means; the vacuum control module according to the signal detecting means closing said feedback extraction means opening the gas-filled switchgear.
  10. 10.如权利要求9所述的控制方法,其特征在于:所述真空控制模块根据所述检测装置反馈的所述真空容器内的真空度达到预定值的信号关闭所述抽取装置、开启所述充气开关。 10. The control method according to claim 9, characterized in that: said vacuum control module off signal reaches a predetermined value in accordance with the degree of vacuum in the vacuum vessel detection means of the said feedback extraction means, said opening The pneumatic switch.
  11. 11.如权利要求9或10所述的控制方法,其特征在于:所述真空容器是一端开口的柱体,在其开口端设有可将其开口密封的盖体,在所述真空容器上还设置有抽气孔和充气孔,所述抽取装置包括真空泵,驱动真空泵的电机,以及连接所述真空泵的进气口与所述真空容器的抽气孔的管路,所述驱动真空泵的电机受所述真空控制模块控制,所述充气开关与所述真空容器的充气孔连通。 The control method of claim 9 or claim 10, wherein: said vessel is a cylinder open at one end, an opening may be provided with a sealing lid at its open end, said vacuum container and is also provided with pneumatic suction hole hole, the extraction means comprise a vacuum pump, a motor driven pump, connecting pipes and the suction hole of the intake port of the vacuum pump and the vacuum container, the vacuum pump is driven by the motor said vacuum control module controls the inflation of the switch in communication with the inflator hole of the vacuum vessel.
CN 201110300313 2011-09-28 2011-09-28 Refrigerator with vacuumizing device and control method thereof CN103017441B (en)

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CN106813442A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-06-09 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Refrigerating and freezing device and preservation control method thereof
CN106679319A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-17 青岛海尔股份有限公司 Refrigeration device and preservation control method thereof

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