CN103011921A - Preparation method of biological organic and inorganic mixed liquid fertilizer - Google Patents

Preparation method of biological organic and inorganic mixed liquid fertilizer Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103011921A
CN103011921A CN2012105141064A CN201210514106A CN103011921A CN 103011921 A CN103011921 A CN 103011921A CN 2012105141064 A CN2012105141064 A CN 2012105141064A CN 201210514106 A CN201210514106 A CN 201210514106A CN 103011921 A CN103011921 A CN 103011921A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
ratio
liquid
fertilizer
fermentation
liquid fertilizer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN2012105141064A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103011921B (en
Inventor
邵孝侯
毛欣宇
邓伯钧
程晋
陈立华
梁晓辉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hohai University HHU
Original Assignee
Hohai University HHU
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hohai University HHU filed Critical Hohai University HHU
Priority to CN201210514106.4A priority Critical patent/CN103011921B/en
Publication of CN103011921A publication Critical patent/CN103011921A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103011921B publication Critical patent/CN103011921B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to a preparation method of a biological organic and inorganic mixed liquid fertilizer. The preparation method comprises the steps of evenly mixing materials according to the ratio of EM solid glass Cassie to dried poultry litter to 1% EM stoste being (5-8) to (88-92) to (3-4) (parts by weight), yarding and fermenting for 21-25 days at room temperature, airing until the moisture content is lower than or equal to 30wt%; putting the materials into a fermentation tank according to the ratio of an ingredient to EM active carbon of 1 to 9 (weight ratio); hermetically fermenting for 5-7 days under an intermittent mixing condition; filtering the fermentation liquor to remove insoluble substance to obtain the clear liquid and store; mixing nutrients of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the filtrate, so that the content ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus to potassium achieves the ratio of N to P2O5 to K2O being 1 to 2 to 2.5 (weight ratio), and N+P2O5+K2O is higher than or equal to 110g/L, and storing and bottling the materials. The preparation method disclosed by the invention is fast in fermentation speed, short in preparation period, and high in fermentation degree; the efficient biological organic and inorganic mixed liquid fertilizer can be obtained, and the preparation method has the effects of comprehensive nutrition, high fertilizer efficiency, nuisanceless property and obvious yield-increasing effect of crop.

Description

A kind of preparation method of biologic organic, inorganic compound liquid fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of biological liquid fertilizer, especially relate to a kind of method of utilizing agricultural wastes to prepare high-performance bio organic-inorganic compound liquid fertilizer.
Background technology
Bio-feritlizer is take microorganism or its product as raw material; has specific fertilizer efficiency; because various, the diverse in function of microbe species; in the situation of the multiple pressure such as facing mankind energy dilemma, resource scarcity, environmental pollution; research and the application potential of bio-feritlizer are huge, and day by day are subject to the attention of countries in the world.Microbial fertilizer occurs absorption, purification and rehabilitating soil, the reduction corps diseases of nitric nitrogen, heavy metal, agricultural chemicals culture fertility, raising chemical fertilizer utilization ratio, inhibition farm crop, promotes the utilization of becoming thoroughly decomposed, the protection of the environment of agricultural crop straw and municipal wastes and improve the aspects such as crop products quality and food safety to have shown irreplaceable effect.
China's livestock industry intensive degree improves constantly, and the cultivation scale increases day by day, but wherein has the above intensive livestock and poultry farm of 80 % not have the livestock and poultry fecaluria of corresponding auxiliary facility to dissolve and to produce, and consequent negative impact is exactly the pollution to environment.If the mishandling meeting of the organic wastes such as excrement of animals becomes pollutent, but after suitably processing, can become high-quality and efficient bio-organic fertilizer again.At present, be composting to the traditional means of feces of livestock and poultry harmless treatment, also be one of effective way of present production application.The biological organic-inorganic compound fertilizer of the friendly type of development environment is the objective requirement of agriculture clean and safe production and soil protection and water body environment, also be build a well-off society in an all-round way with Promoting The Construction of New Countryside in the urgent need to.
Existing progress to correlation technique is as follows: Deng Zhicheng etc. (2002) studies show that and use effective microorganism (Effective Microorganisms when chicken manure is processed, be called for short EM, by photosynthetic bacterium, lactobacillus, yeast flora, the multifunctional bio group that the compound cultivation of 5 sections, 10 genus 80 multiple-microorganisms such as actinomycete group forms) one side can solve the problem of the deodorizing difficulty in the chicken manure treating processes effectively, and the way by beneficial microorganism and anaerobism low temperature fermentation suppresses former bacterium and harmful worm's ovum, prevented the pollution that a large amount of obnoxious flavoures that chicken manure produces in oxidation decomposition course and heat cause the atmosphere ecotope; Efficacious microbial colony can be accelerated the degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed of chicken manure on the other hand, shortens fermentation time, and carries out anaerobically fermenting by beneficial microorganism, changes it into soil required organic matter, improves the content of available nutrient in the chicken manure; Application number provides a kind of method of utilizing the freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement to produce liquid fertilizer for 201110000877.7 application for a patent for invention, sealed fermenting is made liquid fertilizer after utilizing the liquid manure dilution after the freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement dewaters, application number provides a kind of organic fertilizer liquid take feces of livestock and poultry as raw material for 201110043440.1 applications for a patent for invention, with fresh feces of livestock and poultry by fermentation after, extract the liquid that it produces.But there is no to come the preparation biologic organic, inorganic compound liquid fertilizer of quick fermentation chicken manure to come the document of replacing fertilizer and control widespread pollution from the overuse of fertilizers and pesticides in rural area aspect with solid EM and liquid EM preparation simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention:The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of biologic organic, inorganic compound liquid fertilizer, take livestock breeding waste recycling as purpose, in bank up fermentation and liquid fermenting process, take full advantage of the EM technology, realize the abundant fermentation to the livestock breeding waste.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of biologic organic, inorganic compound liquid fertilizer, have replace chemical fertilizer, improvement soil, prevention and control disease and pest, ecotope and improve the effect such as crop quality protects the fields.
Technical scheme:
A kind of preparation method of biologic organic, inorganic compound liquid fertilizer is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
(1) solid fermentation: EM solid Bo Kaxi: dried poultrymanure: 1%EM stoste=5-8:88-92:3-4(weight part) mixing, stacking at room temperature fermentation 21-25 days forms through drying, and the water content of finished product is less than or equal to 30 % by weight;
(2) liquid anaerobically fermenting: with step (1) gained batching, according to batching: EM active liquid=1:9(weight ratio) add the EM active liquid, put into fermentor tank, under the intermittent stirring condition, sealed fermenting 5-7 days, get fermented liquid;
(3) filter: gained fermented liquid in the step (2) is removed by filter insoluble substance through 100 purpose filtering nets get clear liquid, deposit;
(4) composite: as in filtrate, to carry out the allotment of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium nutrition, use the content of urea allotment N, use the content of potassium primary phosphate allotment P and K, make the content ratio of its nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium reach N:P 2O 5: K 2O=1:2:2.5(weight ratio) and N+P 2O 5+ K 2O 〉=110g/L;
(5) storage and bottling.
Described EM solid Bo Kaxi (by liking that peaceful happy environment friendly biological technology (Nanjing) company limited provides, following EM stoste is also provided by this enterprise) is take matrix such as rice brans as carrier, the solid EM product made from solid-fermented technique;
Chicken manure is that the fresh chicken manure just delivered for sale of poulty house is air-dry to water ratio 10%-20%(weight percent).
Described EM stoste contains the effective active microorganisms such as milk-acid bacteria, yeast, photosynthetic bacteria, and viable count is no less than 100,000,000/milliliter, and pH is not less than 3.8, and color is tawny, and translucent liquid, smell are denseer pure tart flavour or tart flavour; Described 1%EM stoste is that 1 part of EM stoste is formed with 99 parts of deionized waters (parts by volume) dilution; Described EM active liquid is that 1 part of EM stoste, 1 part of molasses, 98 parts of deionized waters (volume ratio) mix airtight cultivation and formed in 5-7 days.
Technique effect:
Bio-fertilizer of the present invention can replace chemical fertilizer fully, and can improve soil physical and chemical property simultaneously, make that the required nutritive element of each plant development is able to abundant release in the soil, improve fertilizer utilization ratio, reduce the use of agricultural chemicals, control is owing to use the widespread pollution from the overuse of fertilizers and pesticides in rural area that chemical fertilizer, agricultural chemicals cause.
(1) EM fermentation period weak point, less investment, simple to operate, non-secondary pollution, safety and environmental protection;
(2) raw material is easy to get, and cost of manufacture is cheap, fertilizer be adapted at the occasions such as land for growing field crops, orchard and protection ground booth and use; Fertilizing method can adopt artificial sprinkling or fertilising to fill with (spray drip irrigation).
(3) EM and chicken manure mixed fermentation can reduce chicken manure pH, preserve more available nitrogen, chicken manure stink, ammonia flavor are significantly reduced, fertilizer efficiency is good, gained fertilizer imposes on and can accelerate the decomposition of soil organic matter conversion in the soil, makes nutrient content increase in the soil, increases soil microorganisms content, improve biological activity of soil and surge capability, improved ecological environment of soil.With use chemical fertilizer relatively, save cost more than 50%, also reduce the chemical fertilizer life-time service to the harm of soil simultaneously.
(4) contain VITAMIN, plant growth hormones etc. in the gained fertilizer of the present invention, need not to add microbiotic, but the invasion and attack of establishment pathogenic micro-organism and development, reducing disease and pest occurs, promote plant growth and photosynthesis, improve crop yield, the average stimulation ratio of field crop reaches more than 10%; Stimulation ratio can reach more than the 20%-30% in the facility continuous cropping obstacle soil.
(4) preparation of the present invention is subacidity tawny liquid, the product main component: effective viable bacteria content 〉=0.5 hundred million/ml, N+P 2O 5+ K 2O 〉=100g/L.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with 6 examples solid fermentation of the present invention and liquid fermenting are carried out detailed narration, but the present invention is not limited to given embodiment.
The material rate table of the solid fermentation step of table 1 embodiment 1-6
Among the embodiment, by above-mentioned weight solid EM Bo Kaxi and chicken manure are mixed first, bank up, cover plastics film, fermentation is wherein raised the plastics film turning once every a week in confined conditions, and sprays 1% liquid EM in the turning process, then epiphragma continues fermentation, after fermentation in 21-25 days, dry.
Measure through standard method, its pH value scope of the biological organic fertilizer that each embodiment makes is 7~7.5; C/N value scope is 12~15; NO 3 --N/NH 4 +-N value 〉=3.5; Full nitrogen 〉=1.6%; Full phosphorus 〉=1.4%; Full potassium 〉=1.2%; Living bacteria count (CFU) 〉=0.2 hundred million/gram, water content is less than or equal to 35%, and heavy metal Cu and Zn do not exceed standard.
In chicken manure is banked up fermenting process, the bulk thing of the rice bran among the solid EM Bo Kaxi during not only as compost, and play the effect of regulating the C/N ratio.The solid EM that adds in the composting process and the liquid EM of sprinkling can accelerate the degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed of chicken manure, shorten fermentation time, and carry out anaerobically fermenting by beneficial microorganism, improve the content of available nutrient in the chicken manure.The standard that meets Ministry of Agriculture's commodity biological organic fertilizer by the prepared goods of embodiment.
The material rate table of table 2 embodiment 1-6 liquid anaerobically fermenting, filtration, composite step
Upper table 2 data can find out, embodiment 1-6 carries out the water-insoluble there was no significant difference of gained fertilizer behind the liquid fermenting, illustrates that the most of material among the embodiment decomposes during the fermentation; Simultaneously, its living bacteria count difference is also little, illustrates by liquid starter to significantly improve living bacteria count in the liquid fertilizer.Need to prove N+P in each embodiment fertilizer 2O 5+ K 2The content of O is through composite certain content, the therefore N+P of several embodiment of reaching in the step 4 2O 5+ K 2O content is more or less the same.
Select embodiment 1,3; 5,6 preparation gained liquid fertilizers carry out the test of tomato booth, and fertilizing method can adopt artificial sprinkling or fertilising to fill with (spray drip irrigation).The result shows: in the rate of fertilizer situation identical with application process, and use merely chemical fertilizer and compare, the tomato production of each embodiment is processed than chemical fertilizer and is improved respectively 30%-38%.
More than a kind of method of utilizing dried poultrymanure to prepare high-performance bio organic-inorganic compound liquid fertilizer provided by the present invention is described in detail, and used specific case principle of the present invention and embodiment are set forth, the explanation of above embodiment just is used for helping to understand method of the present invention and core concept thereof.

Claims (4)

1. the preparation method of a biologic organic, inorganic compound liquid fertilizer is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
(1) solid fermentation: EM solid Bo Kaxi: dried poultrymanure: 1%EM stoste=5-8:88-92:3-4(weight part) mixing, stacking at room temperature fermentation 21-25 days forms through drying, and the water content of finished product is less than or equal to 30 % by weight;
(2) liquid anaerobically fermenting: with step (1) gained batching, according to batching: EM active liquid=1:9(weight ratio) add the EM active liquid, put into fermentor tank, under the intermittent stirring condition, sealed fermenting 5-7 days, get fermented liquid;
(3) filter: gained fermented liquid in the step (2) is removed by filter insoluble substance through 100 purpose filtering nets get clear liquid, deposit;
(4) composite: as in filtrate, to carry out the allotment of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium nutrition, use the content of urea allotment N, use the content of potassium primary phosphate allotment P and K, make the content ratio of its nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium reach N:P 2O 5: K 2O=1:2:2.5(weight ratio) and N+P 2O 5+ K 2O 〉=110g/L;
(5) storage and bottling.
2. the preparation method of biologic organic, inorganic compound liquid fertilizer according to claim 1 is characterized in that described chicken manure is that the fresh chicken manure just delivered for sale of poulty house is air-dry to water ratio 10%-20%(weight percent).
3. the preparation method of biologic organic, inorganic compound liquid fertilizer according to claim 1 is characterized in that the described 1%EM stoste of step (1) is that 1 part of EM stoste is formed with 99 parts of deionized waters (parts by volume) dilution.
4. the preparation method of biologic organic, inorganic compound liquid fertilizer according to claim 1 is characterized in that the described EM active liquid of step (2) is that 1 part of EM stoste, 1 part of molasses, 98 parts of deionized waters (volume ratio) mix airtight cultivation and formed in 5-7 days.
CN201210514106.4A 2012-12-05 2012-12-05 Preparation method of biological organic and inorganic mixed liquid fertilizer Expired - Fee Related CN103011921B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210514106.4A CN103011921B (en) 2012-12-05 2012-12-05 Preparation method of biological organic and inorganic mixed liquid fertilizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210514106.4A CN103011921B (en) 2012-12-05 2012-12-05 Preparation method of biological organic and inorganic mixed liquid fertilizer

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103011921A true CN103011921A (en) 2013-04-03
CN103011921B CN103011921B (en) 2014-01-22

Family

ID=47961089

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201210514106.4A Expired - Fee Related CN103011921B (en) 2012-12-05 2012-12-05 Preparation method of biological organic and inorganic mixed liquid fertilizer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103011921B (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103274774A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-09-04 河海大学 High-efficiency biological liquid fertilizer taking livestock liquid dung as raw material and preparation method of fertilizer
CN103360127A (en) * 2013-07-11 2013-10-23 金寨县古碑獭兔养殖专业合作社 EM (Effective Microorganism) fungus organic fertilizer
CN106083297A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-11-09 河海大学 A kind of manufacture method of training algae agent used for aquiculture
CN106478304A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-03-08 广西丞朔生物科技有限公司 Composite liquefied fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106518530A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-03-22 广西丞朔生物科技有限公司 Compound organic fluid fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN107344888A (en) * 2017-04-11 2017-11-14 山东博华高效生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of ferment fertilizer product with sweetened effect and preparation method thereof
CN108040562A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-05-18 河海大学 A kind of continuous cropping greenhouse plants water-fertilizer conditioning method
CN111233541A (en) * 2020-02-21 2020-06-05 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Farmyard manure retting method suitable for drip irrigation

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000178092A (en) * 1998-12-18 2000-06-27 Mitsubishi Agricult Mach Co Ltd Composting of garbage and processing material
CN101172906A (en) * 2007-10-15 2008-05-07 曲沃县万乡红肥业有限公司 Organic-inorganic liquid compound fertilizer and producing method thereof
CN102391031A (en) * 2011-08-17 2012-03-28 河海大学 Special biological organic fertilizer for organically cultivating paddies
CN102669186A (en) * 2012-05-22 2012-09-19 句容美华园林景观发展有限公司 EM (Effective Microorganism) active solution as well as preparation method and application thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000178092A (en) * 1998-12-18 2000-06-27 Mitsubishi Agricult Mach Co Ltd Composting of garbage and processing material
CN101172906A (en) * 2007-10-15 2008-05-07 曲沃县万乡红肥业有限公司 Organic-inorganic liquid compound fertilizer and producing method thereof
CN102391031A (en) * 2011-08-17 2012-03-28 河海大学 Special biological organic fertilizer for organically cultivating paddies
CN102669186A (en) * 2012-05-22 2012-09-19 句容美华园林景观发展有限公司 EM (Effective Microorganism) active solution as well as preparation method and application thereof

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
徐珊珊等: "EM技术在土壤改良方面的应用及其前景", 《江苏耕地质量建设论文集》, 31 December 2008 (2008-12-31), pages 200 - 205 *

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103274774A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-09-04 河海大学 High-efficiency biological liquid fertilizer taking livestock liquid dung as raw material and preparation method of fertilizer
CN103274774B (en) * 2013-05-22 2014-11-19 河海大学 High-efficiency biological liquid fertilizer taking livestock liquid dung as raw material and preparation method of fertilizer
CN103360127A (en) * 2013-07-11 2013-10-23 金寨县古碑獭兔养殖专业合作社 EM (Effective Microorganism) fungus organic fertilizer
CN106083297A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-11-09 河海大学 A kind of manufacture method of training algae agent used for aquiculture
CN106478304A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-03-08 广西丞朔生物科技有限公司 Composite liquefied fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106518530A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-03-22 广西丞朔生物科技有限公司 Compound organic fluid fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN107344888A (en) * 2017-04-11 2017-11-14 山东博华高效生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of ferment fertilizer product with sweetened effect and preparation method thereof
CN108040562A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-05-18 河海大学 A kind of continuous cropping greenhouse plants water-fertilizer conditioning method
CN111233541A (en) * 2020-02-21 2020-06-05 广西壮族自治区农业科学院 Farmyard manure retting method suitable for drip irrigation

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103011921B (en) 2014-01-22

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103011921B (en) Preparation method of biological organic and inorganic mixed liquid fertilizer
CN102219570B (en) Bio-organic fertilizer produced by using livestock manure
CN101973803B (en) High-efficiency multi-bacterial activity biogas residue biofertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN101486609A (en) Ecological organic fertilizer containing organic, inorganic and beneficial microorganism
CN100425690C (en) Fast harmless biological treating process of animal excrement and manure water
CN103145465A (en) Biological fermentation compost technique
CN103694006B (en) A kind of biological organic fertilizer production technique
CN101781149A (en) Bio-organic compound fertilizer
CN103964907B (en) Bombyx mori L. biological organic fertilizer and production method
CN104193431B (en) A kind of feces of livestock and poultry harmless treatment specific complex microbial bacterial agent and preparation method
CN102898189A (en) Method for producing functional biological organic base fertilizer by using poultry excrement
CN103524222A (en) Rice biological fertilizer and production method thereof
CN103435377A (en) Environment-friendly bio-fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102432356A (en) Method for producing specialized organic fertilizer for protected cultivation by silkworm excrement fermentation
CN101665312B (en) Livestock and poultry manure treating method
CN104591847A (en) Biological composite fertilizer
CN102633543B (en) Production process of bio-organic fertilizer
CN104788244A (en) Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106631546A (en) Bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106278417A (en) A kind of method utilizing municipal sludge to produce biological organic fertilizer
CN102674922A (en) High-efficiency biological organic fertilizer and preparation method
CN106699474A (en) Novel bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN109369228A (en) A kind of method that can promote the decomposed speed of solid organic fertilizer
CN101575226A (en) Tea-seed cake organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN107473824A (en) A kind of complex microorganism liquid fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140122

Termination date: 20191205

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee