CN103008448B - Automatic spring coiling equipment of measuring tape - Google Patents

Automatic spring coiling equipment of measuring tape Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103008448B
CN103008448B CN201210506566.2A CN201210506566A CN103008448B CN 103008448 B CN103008448 B CN 103008448B CN 201210506566 A CN201210506566 A CN 201210506566A CN 103008448 B CN103008448 B CN 103008448B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
spring
whorl
belt wheel
wind spring
coiling
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201210506566.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103008448A (en
Inventor
张亚东
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HENAN YADONG MEASURING TOOLS CO Ltd
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HENAN YADONG MEASURING TOOLS CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201210506566.2A priority Critical patent/CN103008448B/en
Publication of CN103008448A publication Critical patent/CN103008448A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103008448B publication Critical patent/CN103008448B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to automatic spring coiling equipment of a measuring tape, in particular to measuring tape spring coiling equipment which can precisely control the model, the length and the dynamics of a coiling spring in high-speed running and can automatically anneal the part of the coiling spring needing to be annealed. The automatic spring coiling equipment comprises a controller, a rack, an unwinding mechanism, a feed mechanism, a punching mechanism and a spring coiling mechanism, wherein the unwinding mechanism, the feed mechanism, the punching mechanism and the spring coiling mechanism are sequentially arranged on the rack. A spring belt is wound on the unwinding mechanism, and an electromagnetic heating induction coil as an annealing mechanism is also arranged on the rack between the unwinding mechanism and the feed mechanism. Horizontal grooves used for causing the coiled measuring tape to horizontally pass are formed between the unwinding mechanism and the electromagnetic heating induction coil, between the electromagnetic heating induction coil and the feed mechanism, between the feed mechanism and the punching mechanism, and between the punching mechanism and the spring coiling mechanism. The equipment can precisely determine the lengths of the spring head and the spring tail of the coiling spring in the high-speed running, and meanwhile can anneal the spring head and the spring tail of the coiling spring together or anneal any one of the spring head and the spring tail.

Description

The automatic wind spring equipment of a kind of tape measure
Technical field
The present invention relates to the automatic wind spring equipment of a kind of tape measure, be specifically related to a kind of in high-speed cruising, can control wind spring accurately moulding, length and dynamics, wind spring of can automatically annealing needs the automatic wind spring equipment of the tape measure of annealing portion.
Background technology
It is not of uniform size to there is the moulding of wind spring internal diameter in the automatic wind spring of tape measure in the market equipment, affects wind spring quality.Run into because the mechanical breakdown that the cause for quality of spring band causes cannot be got rid of fast, cause production efficiency low, labor strength is large.Equipment does not have annealing device, or the uneven and anneal intensity of annealing area cannot free adjustment, and then affects the quality of whole wind spring, unreeling structure great majority adopt and freely pull blowing, cause wind spring motor load large, wear and tear in machines is serious, and product rejection rate is high.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome deficiency of the prior art and provide a kind of products moulding unified, the automatic wind spring equipment of the tape measure that wind spring tape measure dynamics is consistent.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: comprise controller, frame, and the unreeling structure be successively set in frame, feed mechanism, punching mechanism, spring coiling mechanism, described Anti-curl mechanism is wound with spring band, frame between described unreeling structure and feed mechanism is also provided with the Electromagnetic Heating induction coil as annealing mechanism, between described unreeling machine and Electromagnetic Heating induction coil, between Electromagnetic Heating induction coil and feed mechanism, between feed mechanism and punching mechanism, be provided with between punching mechanism and spring coiling mechanism in order to wind spring tape measure horizontally through horizontal groove.
Described unreeling structure comprises charging tray, spring band governor motion, described spring band is wrapped on charging tray, described charging tray is connected with servomotor three by Timing Belt, spring band governor motion comprises belt wheel one, belt wheel two, belt wheel three, rocking arm, wherein said belt wheel one, belt wheel three is all arranged in same level with horizontal groove, described belt wheel two is positioned at belt wheel one, belt wheel three bottom, described belt wheel two is coaxially connected with one end of rocking arm, the rocking arm other end is fixedly installed in frame, and be coaxially connected with angular transducer, described angular transducer is connected with controller, upper limit sensor is respectively arranged with above and below described angular transducer, lower limit sensor, described upper limit sensor, lower limit sensor all with controller control connection.
Described spring band is through Electromagnetic Heating induction coil.
Described feed mechanism comprise feeding cylinder, on take turns one, lower whorl one, described feeding cylinder with on take turns one and be connected, described lower whorl one is connected with servomotor one, takes turns one, upper and lower that lower whorl one lays respectively at horizontal groove place horizontal plane on described.
The upper edge of described lower whorl one and the planes overlapping at horizontal groove place.
Described spring coiling mechanism comprises down pressing oil cylinder, on take turns two, lower whorl two, lower whorl three, wind spring push type broach, stroke push type broach cylinder, moulding cylinder, moulding block two, moulding block one, photoelectric sensor, gripper shoe, it is characterized in that: on described, take turns the lower tangent plane of two and the planes overlapping at horizontal groove place, described lower whorl two, the upper edge of lower whorl three and the planes overlapping at horizontal groove place, two are taken turns with the central shaft of lower whorl two on same vertical curve on described, take turns two on described to be connected with down pressing oil cylinder, described wind spring push type broach is arranged between lower whorl two and lower whorl three, and be connected with stroke push type broach cylinder, described gripper shoe is horizontally set on takes turns outside two and lower whorl two, described moulding cylinder is horizontally set on gripper shoe one end, and be connected with moulding block two, the other end of gripper shoe is fixedly installed moulding block one.
The gripper shoe of described moulding block one bottom is provided with stable block.
Described gripper shoe bottom is also provided with blow tank.
Take turns two on described, lower whorl two is connected with servomotor two.
Described Electromagnetic Heating induction coil, punching mechanism all with controller control connection.
The present invention has following advantage:
Owing to have employed automatic control technology, products moulding is unified, and wind spring dynamics is consistent.Take turns in feed mechanism and spring coiling mechanism and all can carry out troubleshooting by quick-detachment with cylinder.Annealing mechanism adopts way of electromagnetic induction heating, contactless to product, and firing rate is fast, and heating surface (area) (HS is even, and heating power and time are by the state modulator set by controller.The system that initiatively unreels also substantially increases the overall operation speed of equipment, and decreases the scrappage of product, reduces cost.During this equipment can run at high speed, accurate fixed-length is carried out to the spring head of wind spring and spring tail, can set the spring head of wind spring and spring tail is annealed jointly or carry out arbitrary annealing to spring head wherein and spring tail simultaneously.Control inerface is easy to learn, can be on duty without the need to complexity training.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of spring coiling mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of wind spring push type broach in spring coiling mechanism.
Detailed description of the invention
As Fig. 1, 2, shown in 3, the automatic wind spring equipment of a kind of tape measure, comprise controller 8, frame 1, and the unreeling structure 2 be successively set in frame 1, feed mechanism 5, punching mechanism 6, spring coiling mechanism 7, described Anti-curl mechanism 2 is wound with spring band 10, frame 1 between described unreeling structure 2 and feed mechanism 5 is also provided with the Electromagnetic Heating induction coil 4 as annealing mechanism, between described unreeling machine 2 and Electromagnetic Heating induction coil 4, between Electromagnetic Heating induction coil 4 and feed mechanism 5, between feed mechanism 5 and punching mechanism 6, be provided with between punching mechanism 6 and spring coiling mechanism 7 in order to wind spring tape measure horizontally through horizontal groove 3, groove 3 plays certain positioning action.
Described unreeling structure 2 comprises charging tray 2-1, spring band governor motion, described spring band 10 is wrapped on charging tray 2-1, described charging tray 2-1 is connected with servomotor three 2-2 by Timing Belt 2-3, spring band governor motion comprises belt wheel one 2-4, belt wheel two 2-5, belt wheel three 2-10, rocking arm 2-6, wherein said belt wheel one 2-4, belt wheel three 2-10 is all arranged in same level with horizontal groove 3, described belt wheel two 2-5 is positioned at belt wheel one 2-4, belt wheel three 2-10 bottom, described belt wheel two 2-5 is coaxially connected with one end of rocking arm 2-6, the rocking arm 2-6 other end is fixedly installed in frame 1, and be coaxially connected with angular transducer 2-8, described angular transducer 2-8 is connected with controller 8, upper limit sensor 2-9 is respectively arranged with above and below described angular transducer 2-8, lower limit sensor 2-7, described upper limit sensor 2-9, lower limit sensor 2-7 all with controller 8 control connection.
Described Electromagnetic Heating induction coil 4, punching mechanism 6 all with controller 8 control connection.Described spring band 10 is through Electromagnetic Heating induction coil 4, and wherein anneal intensity determined by the parameter set in controller.
Described feed mechanism 5 comprise Non-follow control feeding cylinder 5-1, on take turns a 5-4, lower whorl one 5-2, described Non-follow control feeding cylinder 5-1 with on take turns a 5-4 and be connected, described lower whorl one 5-2 is connected with servomotor one 5-3, takes turns a 5-4, upper and lower that lower whorl one 5-2 lays respectively at horizontal groove 3 place horizontal plane on described.
The upper edge of described lower whorl one 5-2 and the planes overlapping at horizontal groove 3 place.
Described spring coiling mechanism 7 comprises down pressing oil cylinder 7-13, on take turns two 7-12, lower whorl two 7-7, lower whorl three 7-8, wind spring push type broach 7-9, stroke push type broach cylinder 7-8, moulding cylinder 7-3, moulding block two 7-2, moulding block one 7-1, photoelectric sensor 7-14, gripper shoe 7-4, is characterized in that: take turns the lower tangent plane of two 7-12 and the planes overlapping at horizontal groove 3 place on described, described lower whorl two 7-7, the upper edge of lower whorl three 7-8 and the planes overlapping at horizontal groove 3 place, the central shaft of two 7-12 and lower whorl two 7-7 is taken turns on same vertical curve on described, take turns two 7-12 on described to be connected with down pressing oil cylinder 7-13, described wind spring push type broach 7-9 is arranged between lower whorl two 7-7 and lower whorl three 7-8, and be connected with stroke push type broach cylinder 7-8, described gripper shoe 7-4 is horizontally set on and takes turns outside two 7-12 and lower whorl two 7-7, described moulding cylinder 7-3 is horizontally set on gripper shoe 7-4 one end, and be connected with moulding block two 7-2, the other end of gripper shoe 7-4 is fixedly installed moulding block one 7-1.
The gripper shoe 7-4 of described moulding block one 7-1 bottom is provided with stable block 7-5.
Described gripper shoe 7-4 bottom is also provided with blow tank 7-6.
Take turns two 7-12 on described, lower whorl two 7-7 is connected with servomotor two 7-11.
Operation principle:
Wind spring servomotor two 7-11 and feeding servomotor one 5-3, unreel servomotor three 2-2 to control by controller 8, lower limit sensor 2-7 is connected with controller 8 input with the output of upper limit sensor 2-9, and the output of angular transducer 2-8 is connected with controller 8 input.The output of photoelectric sensor 7-14 is connected with controller 8 input.The input of punching mechanism 6 is connected with controller 8.
Controller 8 can be divided into manual mode, single pattern, automatic mode and autoalarm.The single action of each operation part of manual mode adjustable or the forward-reverse of servomotor, single pattern is then only run the production of a product, handled easily person's commissioning device.Automatic mode is then produced in batches for after equipment debugging.Operator only need change charging tray 2-1.
Unreeling structure 2, comprise charging tray 2-1, unreel servomotor three 2-2, connect charging tray 2-1 and the Timing Belt 2-3 unreeling servomotor, be fixed on the belt wheel excessively that frame 1 allows spring band 10 pass through, rocking arm 2-6 one end is fixed in frame, and is coaxially connected with angular transducer 2-8, the other end is then fixed with unsettled belt wheel two 2-5 that crosses, the Tensity size of spring band 10 can adjusting rock arm 2-6 with angular transducer 2-8 for the center of circle moves up and down.Lower limit sensor 2-7 and upper limit sensor 2-9 is the range of movement of rocking arm 2-6.
Unreeling structure 2 is made up of the charging tray can placing a wind spring band.Spring band 10 passed through three belt wheels successively by manually guiding, and through groove 3 and Electromagnetic Heating induction coil, entered feed mechanism 5 and arrived punching mechanism 6 die location.This Time Controller 8 Non-follow control feeding cylinder 5-1 kinetic energy press down on take turns one 5-4 keep press down, controller 8 artificial selection is single pattern, the die-cut wind spring nose shape of punching mechanism 6 after starting, after die-cut, feed mechanism 5 starts feeding, until deliver in spring coiling mechanism 7 on take turns two 7-12 and between lower whorl two 7-7 driven by wind spring servomotor two 7-11, the wind spring servomotor 7-11 now in spring coiling mechanism 7 and feeding servomotor one 5-3 in feed mechanism 5 is synchronous operation.After feeding servomotor one 5-3 feeding feeding cylinder 5-1 kinetic energy press down on take turns on a 5-4 and lift, wind spring servomotor two 7-11 in spring coiling mechanism 7 starts the length of spring headed length after computing set in isolated operation controller 8, wind spring moulding block two 7-2 that the cylinder of moulding simultaneously 7-3 connects enters duty and starts the moulding of wind spring internal diameter, and the parameter set by controller 8 controls moulding cylinder 7-3 and connected the retraction of wind spring moulding block two 7-2 end-of-job after computing.After after wind spring servomotor two 7-11 runs, the range-adjustable push type broach cylinder 7-8 be connected with wind spring push type broach 7-9 in spring coiling mechanism 7 starts working and keeps wind spring push type broach 7-9 to press down, wind spring servomotor two 7-11 simultaneously in spring coiling mechanism 7 brings into operation the length after via controller 8 computing, spring band starts to roll at spring band under the power of wind spring push type broach 7-9 and wind spring servomotor two 7-11 applying, the great efforts I rolled is regulated by the range-adjustable push type broach cylinder 7-8 be connected with wind spring push type broach 7-9, now photoelectric sensor 7-14 works, detect wind spring shaping whether successful always, until after wind spring servomotor two 7-11 operation, if way in moulding failure or wind spring unsuccessful, stopping alarm information is sent by controller 8.If after wind spring success wind spring servomotor two 7-11 runs, controlled to bring into operation as the Electromagnetic Heating induction coil 4 of annealing mechanism by controller 8, heating power and time are by the state modulator set by controller 8.After completing as the Electromagnetic Heating induction coil 4 of annealing mechanism, annealing position is moved to punching mechanism 6 position by the length of wind spring servomotor two 7-11 again after operation controller 8 computing.After operation, punching mechanism 6 is die-cut, the length of wind spring servomotor two 7-11 again after operation controller 8 computing, after operation, controller 8 control wind spring push type broach 7-9 connect range-adjustable push type broach cylinder 7-8 on lift, wind spring process terminates, and spring band tail is no longer subject to wind spring push type broach 7-9 and presses down given power, now wind spring servomotor two 7-11 synchronous operation spring band tail length, wind spring drops and to roll out at blow tank 7-6.So far a wind spring is produced, and system enters next production in automatic mode.

Claims (5)

1. a tape measure wind spring equipment, comprise controller (8), frame (1), and the unreeling structure (2) be successively set in frame (1), feed mechanism (5), punching mechanism (6), spring coiling mechanism (7), described unreeling structure (2) is wound with spring band (10), frame (1) between described unreeling structure (2) and feed mechanism (5) is also provided with the Electromagnetic Heating induction coil (4) as annealing mechanism, between described unreeling machine (2) and Electromagnetic Heating induction coil (4), between Electromagnetic Heating induction coil (4) and feed mechanism (5), between feed mechanism (5) and punching mechanism (6), be provided with between punching mechanism (6) and spring coiling mechanism (7) in order to wind spring tape measure horizontally through horizontal groove (3),
Described unreeling structure (2) comprises charging tray (2-1), spring band governor motion, described spring band (10) is wrapped on charging tray (2-1), described charging tray (2-1) is connected with servomotor three (2-2) by Timing Belt (2-3), spring band governor motion comprises belt wheel one (2-4), belt wheel two (2-5), belt wheel three (2-10), rocking arm (2-6), wherein said belt wheel one (2-4), belt wheel three (2-10) is all arranged in same level with horizontal groove (3), described belt wheel two (2-5) is positioned at belt wheel one (2-4), belt wheel three (2-10) bottom, described belt wheel two (2-5) is coaxially connected with one end of rocking arm (2-6), rocking arm (2-6) other end is fixedly installed in frame (1), and be coaxially connected with angular transducer (2-8), described angular transducer (2-8) is connected with controller (8), upper limit sensor (2-9) is respectively arranged with above and below described angular transducer (2-8), lower limit sensor (2-7), described upper limit sensor (2-9), lower limit sensor (2-7) all with controller (8) control connection,
Described spring band (10) is through Electromagnetic Heating induction coil (4);
Described feed mechanism (5) comprise feeding cylinder (5-1), on take turns one (5-4), lower whorl one (5-2), described feeding cylinder (5-1) with on take turns one (5-4) and be connected, described lower whorl one (5-2) is connected with servomotor one (5-3), takes turns one (5-4), upper and lower that lower whorl one (5-2) lays respectively at horizontal groove (3) place horizontal plane on described;
The upper edge of described lower whorl one (5-2) and the planes overlapping at horizontal groove (3) place;
Described Electromagnetic Heating induction coil (4), punching mechanism (6) all with controller (8) control connection.
2. a kind of tape measure wind spring equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described spring coiling mechanism (7) comprises down pressing oil cylinder (7-13), on take turns two (7-12), lower whorl two (7-7), lower whorl three (7-8), wind spring push type broach (7-9), stroke push type broach cylinder (7-8), moulding cylinder (7-3), moulding block two (7-2), moulding block one (7-1), photoelectric sensor (7-14), gripper shoe (7-4), the lower tangent plane of two (7-12) and the planes overlapping at horizontal groove (3) place is taken turns on described, described lower whorl two (7-7), the upper edge of lower whorl three (7-8) and the planes overlapping at horizontal groove (3) place, the central shaft of two (7-12) and lower whorl two (7-7) is taken turns on same vertical curve on described, take turns two (7-12) on described to be connected with down pressing oil cylinder (7-13), described wind spring push type broach (7-9) is arranged between lower whorl two (7-7) and lower whorl three (7-8), and be connected with stroke push type broach cylinder (7-8), described gripper shoe (7-4) is horizontally set on takes turns two (7-12) and lower whorl two (7-7) outside, described moulding cylinder (7-3) is horizontally set on gripper shoe (7-4) one end, and be connected with moulding block two (7-2), the other end of gripper shoe (7-4) is fixedly installed moulding block one (7-1).
3. a kind of tape measure wind spring equipment according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the gripper shoe (7-4) of described moulding block one (7-1) bottom is provided with stable block (7-5).
4. a kind of tape measure wind spring equipment according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described gripper shoe (7-4) bottom is also provided with blow tank (7-6).
5. a kind of tape measure wind spring equipment according to claim 2, is characterized in that: take turns two (7-12) on described, lower whorl two (7-7) is connected with servomotor two (7-11).
CN201210506566.2A 2012-12-03 2012-12-03 Automatic spring coiling equipment of measuring tape Expired - Fee Related CN103008448B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210506566.2A CN103008448B (en) 2012-12-03 2012-12-03 Automatic spring coiling equipment of measuring tape

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210506566.2A CN103008448B (en) 2012-12-03 2012-12-03 Automatic spring coiling equipment of measuring tape

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CN103008448A CN103008448A (en) 2013-04-03
CN103008448B true CN103008448B (en) 2015-01-07

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103212945B (en) * 2013-04-12 2016-05-25 宁波韵升弹性元件有限公司 clockwork spring automatic processing device
CN104475553B (en) * 2014-11-26 2016-07-27 揭阳榕申卷尺有限公司 One returns coil spring fully automatic forming machine
CN106734441B (en) * 2017-01-04 2019-11-01 中山市鹏耀五金制品有限公司 A kind of novel wind spring system
CN109500172B (en) * 2018-11-22 2020-10-27 宁波巨丰工具实业有限公司 Spring coiling machine

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0471602B2 (en) * 1984-10-09 1992-11-16 Kawasaki Steel Co
JPH03189036A (en) * 1989-12-19 1991-08-19 Kobe Steel Ltd Manufacture of tapered coil spring
CN100395050C (en) * 2006-08-23 2008-06-18 宁波长城精工实业有限公司 Shaper for flexible rule spring
CN100423867C (en) * 2006-11-17 2008-10-08 宁波长城精工实业有限公司 Tape zero-cutting machine

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