CN103005401A - Method for processing truffle ultra-fine powder - Google Patents

Method for processing truffle ultra-fine powder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103005401A
CN103005401A CN2012105881181A CN201210588118A CN103005401A CN 103005401 A CN103005401 A CN 103005401A CN 2012105881181 A CN2012105881181 A CN 2012105881181A CN 201210588118 A CN201210588118 A CN 201210588118A CN 103005401 A CN103005401 A CN 103005401A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ferfas
ultramicro
freeze
truffles
processing
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012105881181A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冯晓春
杨晓莹
冯晓明
苏瑞华
冯永敏
马章良
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yunnan Yongsheng Lyudiyuan Plant Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Yunnan Yongsheng Lyudiyuan Plant Development Co Ltd
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Application filed by Yunnan Yongsheng Lyudiyuan Plant Development Co Ltd filed Critical Yunnan Yongsheng Lyudiyuan Plant Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN2012105881181A priority Critical patent/CN103005401A/en
Publication of CN103005401A publication Critical patent/CN103005401A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for processing truffle ultra-fine powders. The method comprises the steps of: preventing brown stain of fresh truffles; prefreezing the truffles; carrying out sublimation drying and desorption drying on the truffle materials to obtain freeze-dried truffles; and placing the freeze-dried truffles in a grinder for fine crushing, and then carrying out superfine grinding in an ultrafine grinder to obtain the ultra-fine powder of the freeze-dried truffles. According to the method, the truffles are processed to prepare the ultra-fine powder, the residence time of nutritional components in a human body is prolonged to promote absorption, the in vivo bioavailability can be improved, and the waste of nutritional components is reduced.

Description

A kind of ferfas Ultramicro-powder processing method
Technical field
The present invention relates to divide based on biology the ferfas deep process technology of body technique, especially a kind of ferfas Ultramicro-powder processing method.
Background technology
Ferfas is the bright imperial crown in the wholefood, not only delicious, and healthy and helpful to the person, simply fantastic magical effect is arranged, the functional health special efficacy becomes classics handed down from ancient times, and the world one is exhausted, the mouthfeel that it is beautiful absolutely and abundant nutritive value, make it become one of the highest edible mushroom of economic worth, derive abundant ferfas and pluck and eat culture.Domestic ferfas is mainly produced in Yunnan and Chuan Xi, and the outlet of ferfas also becomes the important source of earning foreign exchange, Yunnan.Simultaneously, ferfas shows through correlative study as a kind of forest fungal component, and itself and host's symbiosis more is conducive to the growth of trees, and the large-scale planting of ferfas is conducive to shaking off poverty and setting out on the road to prosperity of forest conservation, peasant greatly.But the growth cycle of ferfas is long, and plucking time is short, and the transportation preservation condition requires high, has limited the marketing of Yunnan ferfas.
The Yunnan ferfas can promote growing of plant, improves the diseases and insect pests resistance of plant, keeps and the stable ecosystem, promotes recovery and the growth of forest cover.Can be applied in large area deserted mountain, barren hill afforestation, particularly Keshen specially looks grow the soil-geological condition plantation preferably ferfas woods that forms with limestone.Yet, it is also relatively backward to develop at present the ferfas industry in China, make it really become added value height, good in economic efficiency industry, the real real value that embodies its economy, ecology, society, also must make great efforts in raising ferfas output, Developing Yunnan ferfas industry, the unique advantage of (special weather conditions), land productivity (the special geology and geomorphology in Keshen), people and (culture of food bacterium is of long duration) when Yunnan Province's Developing Yunnan ferfas industry has day particularly, be the important directions that mountainous rural area is built, its prospect is inestimable.
Ferfas is mainly sold with bright ferfas at present, and because of fresh-keeping not good enough, price is unable to lift, and makes Yunnan ferfas industry be subject to massive losses, and is secondly insufficient to the reservation of ferfas nutritive value such as the frying method of the documents such as CN92112199 processing technology for meat flavour mushroom.
Summary of the invention
The present invention has overcome deficiency of the prior art, provide a kind of and ferfas can be processed into superfine powder, the time of staying of nutritional labeling in human body prolonged, promote to absorb, can improve bioavilability in the body, reduce the ferfas Ultramicro-powder processing method of nutritional labeling waste.
In order to solve the technical problem of above-mentioned existence, the present invention adopts following technical proposals, and its step is as follows:
(1) cut into serving pieces is processed in the anti-brown stain of fresh ferfas;
(2) prefreezing ferfas: when making the prefreezing temperature of ferfas reach-20 ~-26 ℃, keep 90min-110min, make the deep colling of ferfas material;
(3) the ferfas material carries out lyophilization: make the casing that the ferfas material is housed be evacuated to 30 ~ 60Pa, heating keeps the material solidification point to be lower than-16 ℃, keeps this process 5h to all ice crystal distillations;
(4) carry out parsing-desiccation, with removing by evaporation in conjunction with water that part in the material is not freezed, material is warming up to 45 ℃, when moisture content of material reaches 3%-5%, obtain the freeze-drying ferfas;
(5) putting into pulverizer, to carry out fine powder broken, then carries out ultramicro grinding in micronizer, obtains freeze-drying ferfas Ultramicro-powder.
Anti-brown stain is treated to and soaks at least 2min in citric acid dilute solution in the described step (1), then drains.
The material solidification point is between-25 ~-18 ℃ in the described step (3).
Because adopt technique scheme, ferfas Ultramicro-powder processing method provided by the invention has such beneficial effect:
(1) initiative of the present invention low temperature Ultramicro-powder technology is applied to ferfas processing, expanded the ferfas manufacture field, application and the market of ferfas is further enlarged;
(2) the ferfas Ultramicro-powder of the present invention's preparation is of high nutritive value, and mouthfeel is good, has effectively kept the natural nutrient component of ferfas, and the original bacterium that has kept ferfas is fragrant;
(3) product of the present invention can be widely used in the relevant food industry of deriving, and is convenient to suitability for industrialized production and marketing, has guaranteed to cover the whole year that product provides, and has avoided the supply restriction in season of ferfas.
The specific embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the specific embodiment.
Adopt the high-quality ferfas in Yunnan, the fresh ferfas of plucking carried out classification according to enterprise's raw material standard, then carry out following steps:
(1) prevents the brown stain processing, usually in citric acid dilute solution, soak 2min, then drain cut into serving pieces;
(2) prefreezing ferfas: in household freezer, make the prefreezing temperature of ferfas reach-20 ~-26 ℃ of lower times, keep making the material deep colling more than the 90min-110min;
(3) the ferfas material is carried out lyophilization: household freezer is evacuated to 30 ~ 60Pa, start tubing pump, front boxboard is heated, heating can not be too fast or excess Temperature, otherwise the bacterium deblocking temperature is too high, ice crystal melts, can affect quality, therefore temperature of heating plate is controlled under 25 ℃, keeps the material solidification point in-20 ~-25 ℃, keeps this process 5h to all ice crystal distillations;
(4) after the lyophilization, the bacterium piece still contain small part in conjunction with water, be difficult to take off, must improve temperature, just can reach the desired moisture of product, therefore carry out parsing-desiccation, with removing by evaporation in conjunction with water that part in the material is not freezed, material is warming up to 45 ℃, when material remnant moisture reaches 3%-5%, dry run can finish, and obtains the freeze-drying ferfas;
(5) putting into pulverizer, to carry out fine powder broken, then carries out ultramicro grinding in micronizer, obtains freeze-drying ferfas Ultramicro-powder.
The ferfas Ultramicro-powder of this method preparation is of high nutritive value, mouthfeel is good, the natural nutrient component that has effectively kept ferfas, the original bacterium that has kept ferfas is fragrant, and this Project Product can be widely used in the relevant food industry of deriving, be convenient to suitability for industrialized production and marketing, guaranteed to cover the whole year that product provides, avoided the supply restriction in season of ferfas.

Claims (3)

1. ferfas Ultramicro-powder processing method is characterized in that step is as follows:
(1) cut into serving pieces is processed in the anti-brown stain of fresh ferfas;
(2) prefreezing ferfas: when making the prefreezing temperature of ferfas reach-20 ~-26 ℃, keep 90min-110min, make the deep colling of ferfas material;
(3) the ferfas material carries out lyophilization: make the casing that the ferfas material is housed be evacuated to 30 ~ 60Pa, heating keeps the material solidification point to be lower than-16 ℃, keeps this process 5h to all ice crystal distillations;
(4) carry out parsing-desiccation: with removing by evaporation in conjunction with water that part in the material is not freezed, material is warming up to 45 ℃, when moisture content of material reaches 3%-5%, obtains the freeze-drying ferfas;
(5) the freeze-drying ferfas is put into pulverizer to carry out fine powder broken, then carries out ultramicro grinding in micronizer, obtains freeze-drying ferfas Ultramicro-powder.
2. ferfas Ultramicro-powder processing method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, anti-brown stain processing is to soak at least 2min in citric acid dilute solution in the described step (1), then drains.
3. ferfas Ultramicro-powder processing method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the material solidification point is between-25 ~-18 ℃ in the described step (3).
CN2012105881181A 2012-12-29 2012-12-29 Method for processing truffle ultra-fine powder Pending CN103005401A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103315048A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-09-25 熊海宽 Freeze-drying truffle production method
CN103478698A (en) * 2013-09-06 2014-01-01 南华县宏怡野生菌开发有限公司 Processing method of cold chain products of quick-frozen wild edible fungi
CN103598597A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-02-26 福建省农业科学院农业工程技术研究所 Method for preparing big clitocybe stem dietary fiber tablets by direct whole powder compression
CN103621981A (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-03-12 上海百信生物科技有限公司 Edible fungus freeze-drying superfine powder as well as preparation method and application thereof
CN104187595A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-10 中国农业大学 Preparation method of instant mushroom stipe and product of instant mushroom stipe
CN104323230A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-04 清源 Wall-breaking truffle lozenge and preparation method thereof
CN105410890A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-03-23 中华全国供销合作总社昆明食用菌研究所 Preparation method of ultrafine truffle powder of high sporoderm-broken rate and good dissolution quantity
CN106222014A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-12-14 永仁野森达菌业有限公司 A kind of processing method of Truffe wine
CN106722877A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-05-31 广州聚禅现代农业研究院有限公司 A kind of method for being vacuum dried lichee bacterium

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CN101703530A (en) * 2009-06-08 2010-05-12 上海荷仙菇生物科技股份有限公司 Mixed fungus ultrafine powder and preparation method thereof
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CN102634458A (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-08-15 攀枝花市晨丰林业有限公司 Freeze-dried truffle slice production method

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103315048A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-09-25 熊海宽 Freeze-drying truffle production method
CN103478698A (en) * 2013-09-06 2014-01-01 南华县宏怡野生菌开发有限公司 Processing method of cold chain products of quick-frozen wild edible fungi
CN103598597A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-02-26 福建省农业科学院农业工程技术研究所 Method for preparing big clitocybe stem dietary fiber tablets by direct whole powder compression
CN103598597B (en) * 2013-11-13 2015-05-20 福建省农业科学院农业工程技术研究所 Method for preparing big clitocybe stem dietary fiber tablets by direct whole powder compression
CN103621981A (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-03-12 上海百信生物科技有限公司 Edible fungus freeze-drying superfine powder as well as preparation method and application thereof
CN104187595A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-10 中国农业大学 Preparation method of instant mushroom stipe and product of instant mushroom stipe
CN104187595B (en) * 2014-09-05 2016-01-20 中国农业大学 Preparation method of a kind of instant mushroom stem and products thereof
CN104323230A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-04 清源 Wall-breaking truffle lozenge and preparation method thereof
CN104323230B (en) * 2014-11-19 2016-03-16 清源 Broken wall ferfas lozenge and preparation method thereof
CN105410890A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-03-23 中华全国供销合作总社昆明食用菌研究所 Preparation method of ultrafine truffle powder of high sporoderm-broken rate and good dissolution quantity
CN106222014A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-12-14 永仁野森达菌业有限公司 A kind of processing method of Truffe wine
CN106722877A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-05-31 广州聚禅现代农业研究院有限公司 A kind of method for being vacuum dried lichee bacterium

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