CN102989747A - Solid construction waste processing and treating system - Google Patents

Solid construction waste processing and treating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102989747A
CN102989747A CN2011104313980A CN201110431398A CN102989747A CN 102989747 A CN102989747 A CN 102989747A CN 2011104313980 A CN2011104313980 A CN 2011104313980A CN 201110431398 A CN201110431398 A CN 201110431398A CN 102989747 A CN102989747 A CN 102989747A
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plane
plate
stone
moving plate
water
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CN102989747B (en
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何德裕
黄利辉
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何德裕
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

The invention discloses a solid construction waste processing and treating system which comprises a compound crusher, a double-cone crusher, a high-frequency vibrating screen, a water separator and a stone surface treatment machine, wherein solid construction waste with the rated size is crushed into the size less than that of preset particles by the compound crusher and enters the double-cone crusher to be further crushed into particles with the size less than that of another preset particles; the crushed particles are fed into the high-frequency vibrating screen and are separated to be in grades which are smaller than or equal to a large grade, a middle grade and a small grade, the particles of different grades are fed into the water separator to separate out stones, red bricks, pure concrete particles, as well as remove floating matters; and finally, the stones with different particle sizes are fed into the stone surface treatment machine, and the concrete layers on the surfaces of the stones are removed. The system is simple in structure, the stones and other building materials which accord with the building standard can be treated, waste materials can be changed into valuable materials, and the system is environment-friendly.

Description

Solid building castoff processing treatment system
Technical field
Invention relates to a kind of system that processes processing for the solid building castoff.
Background technology
The disclosed a kind of method for comprehensive treatment of construction refuse of Chinese patent literature CN1990129, at first the building waste that produces in demolition of buildings, house decoration and the transformation road is transported to car and processed the place, then, but with the material of artificial way with the utilization of the Direct Regeneration in the building waste, such as metal material, wooden class material and plastic materials sorting and grouping, directly supply with corresponding company and process.To materials such as the bulk waste concrete in the building waste, useless brick, marbles, the size of utilizing large-scale broken hammer or crusher in crushing can pulverize to pulverizer, be generally less than 100 millimeters, then be crushed to building required stone, sand with stone crusher, again with said mixture with multi-layer grading sieve be classified into rubble that closes the symbol building standard, microlith is sub, coarse sand is sub, fine sand is sub, and the regrown material such as silt particle.
The processing method of this traditional solid building castoff mostly uses traditional mining machinery broken, and then, deironing and screening obtain the coarse fodder of different sizes.The mixture that this coarse fodder is comprised of stone, common brick, wood chip etc. often, and the surface of stone can't directly replace new stone to use with one deck concrete layer.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is for the problems referred to above, provide a kind of simple in structure to society, can process out the stone and other construction material that meet building standard, can turn waste into wealth, the solid building castoff processing treatment system of environmental protection.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: design a kind of solid building castoff processing treatment system, comprise the composite crusher that connects successively, deironing apparatus, the bipyramid disintegrating machine, high frequency shale shaker, water separator and stone surface treating machine consist of, composite crusher is crushed to the solid building castoff of nominal amount below the predetermined particle size, then, then, remove ferrous material by deironing apparatus, enter into again the bipyramid disintegrating machine and further be crushed to the following particle of another predetermined particle size, after the particle after the fragmentation is sent into high frequency shale shaker, be separated into less than or equal to greatly, little Three Estate neutralizes, again the particle of different brackets is sent into water separator and isolate stone, common brick, pure concrete particle, and removal floating thing, at last the stone of different-grain diameter is sent into the stone surface treating machine, peel off the concrete layer on stone surface.
In the specific embodiment, described nominal amount can be that the material footpath is greater than the solid building castoff of 1000mm; Described predetermined particle size can be the following particle of 100mm; Described another predetermined particle size can be the following particle of 30mm; Greatly, the little Three Estate of neutralization can be between 13MM-30mm, between 5-13mm with less than the Three Estate of 5mm.
As improvement of the present invention, described composite crusher comprises broken segment and the drive unit that is arranged on the frame, described broken segment comprises decides plate and moving plate, to decide plate reciprocating with respect to described under the effect of drive unit for described moving plate, it is characterized in that: the described inner surface of deciding plate is that three sections continuous inclined-planes consist of, wherein the epimere inclined-plane slopes inwardly, and the inclined-plane, stage casing is outward-dipping, and the hypomere inclined-plane slopes inwardly again; The inner surface of described moving plate also is that three sections continuous inclined-planes consist of, and epimere inclined-plane, inclined-plane, stage casing and the hypomere inclined-plane of wherein deciding plate is symmetrical arranged along center line with epimere inclined-plane, inclined-plane, stage casing and the hypomere inclined-plane of moving plate respectively; Be provided with in opposite directions independently meal cone tooth at the epimere slope level of the described epimere inclined-plane of deciding plate and described moving plate, and consist of the broken chamber of one-level; Being provided with the cross section between the hypomere inclined-plane of the described hypomere inclined-plane of deciding plate and described moving plate is trapezoidal movable head, and the hypomere inclined-plane of plate is decided and the hypomere inclined-plane of described moving plate consists of two two-stage crushing chambers with described respectively in the side of movable head; Level is provided with independently fine powder cone tooth respectively on two sides of the described hypomere inclined-plane of deciding the hypomere inclined-plane of plate, described moving plate, movable head; Described moving plate moves horizontally under the effect of drive unit, and described movable head along with moving plate is reciprocating, is provided with empty avoiding stroke at least one top of described servo-actuated connecting rod by servo-actuated connecting rod.
As improvement of the present invention, described meal cone tooth and fine powder cone tooth from top to bottom its diameter and length successively decrease gradually, and its density increases progressively gradually.
As improvement of the present invention, the distance of described empty avoiding stroke is half of plate stroke.
As improvement of the present invention, described bipyramid disintegrating machine comprises mill chamber, described mill chamber is identical by two structures, hold opposed greatly and be spaced in intervals, on the same level axis, both rotating speeds equate but two butt circular cones of switched in opposite consist of, a frustum of a cone small end is by the auger convey materials therein, discharged from the spacing of opposed of large end by the material behind the mill, inner surface at described two butt circular cones is provided with dental lamina, and described dental lamina is provided with the roll flute that protrudes from the dental lamina surface.
As improvement of the present invention, the cross section of described roll flute is right-angled trapezium, and the inclined-plane of described right-angled trapezium is for going out charge level, and the vertical plane of described right-angled trapezium is the pusher face.
As improvement of the present invention, described water separator comprises separating tank, described separating tank is track type, two straight shape separating tank bottoms at described track type separating tank are provided with the resettlement section of collecting different material, in described separating tank, be provided with the circulating water of predetermined altitude, circulating water flows to a direction with predetermined flow velocity in separating tank under the effect of water circulation drive unit, described two straight shape separating tanks be higher than horizontal plane above be provided with the solid building castoff section that feeds intake; In the deep-slotted chip breaker of the two ends of described track type separating tank, respectively be provided with a water circulation drive unit.
As improvement of the present invention, described water separator comprises high water level pond, low water level pond and delivery port, and described delivery port is located on the low water level pond, is provided with the solid building castoff section that feeds intake above described delivery port; Under the effect of high water level Chi Shui, water sprays from delivery port, will be divided into two parts from the separated material that the solid building castoff feeds intake under the clan, directly enters the low water level pond than heavy material, and the material of light specific gravity enters first with current and accommodates the pond; The first water of accommodating the pond is drawn back the high water level pond through water circulating pump and is recycled.
As improvement of the present invention, described stone surface treating machine comprises mill chamber, described mill chamber is identical by two structures, hold opposed greatly and be spaced in intervals, on the same level axis, both rotating speeds equate but two butt circular cones of switched in opposite consist of, a frustum of a cone small end is by the auger convey materials therein, discharged from the spacing of opposed of large end by the material behind the mill, inner surface at described two butt circular cones is provided with dental lamina, and described dental lamina is provided with the steel wire bristle made from steel wire that protrudes from the dental lamina surface.
As improvement of the present invention, described guiding principle silk bristle is to be pressed in the steel wire trough of described dental lamina with pressing plate to make.
The present invention has simple in structure, and cost is low, and treatment effect is good, energy-conserving and environment-protective, and meet the advantage of the theory of Green Sustainable.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the frame structure schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view of a kind of embodiment of composite crusher among Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view of the another kind of embodiment of composite crusher among Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the perspective view of the movable head among Fig. 2 and Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the wall idle stroke among the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the cross-sectional view of a kind of embodiment of bipyramid disintegrating machine among the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the left dental lamina among Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the A-A cross-sectional view among Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the right dental lamina among Fig. 6.
Figure 10 is the left and right dental lamina planar structure of stone surface treating machine schematic diagram among the present invention.
Figure 11 is the top plan view structural representation of a kind of embodiment of flat flow water separator among the present invention.
Figure 12 is the A-A cross-sectional view of Figure 11.
Figure 13 is the schematic top plan view of the another kind of embodiment of flat flow water separator among the present invention.
Figure 14 is the top plan view structural representation of vertical a kind of embodiment of streaming water separator among the present invention.
Figure 15 is the schematic top plan view of the another kind of embodiment of vertical streaming water separator among the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Hereinafter, describe with reference to the accompanying drawings preferred embodiment of the present invention in detail.
See also Fig. 1, what Fig. 1 disclosed is a kind of solid building castoff processing treatment system, comprise the composite crusher 3 that connects successively, deironing apparatus 2, bipyramid disintegrating machine 4, high frequency shale shaker 5, water separator 6 and stone surface treating machine 7 consist of, composite crusher 3 is crushed to the solid building castoff of nominal amount below the predetermined particle size, then, remove ferrous material by deironing apparatus 2, enter into again bipyramid disintegrating machine 4 and further be crushed to the following particle of another predetermined particle size, after the particle after the fragmentation is sent into high frequency shale shaker 5, be separated into less than or equal to greatly, little Three Estate neutralizes, again the particle of different brackets is sent into water separator and isolate stone, common brick, pure concrete particle, and removal floating thing, at last the stone of different-grain diameter is sent into stone surface treating machine 7, peel off the concrete layer on stone surface.
In the present embodiment, described nominal amount can be that the material footpath is greater than the solid building castoff of 1000mm; Described predetermined particle size can be the following particle of 100mm; Described another predetermined particle size can be the following particle of 30mm; Greatly, the little Three Estate of neutralization can be between 13mm-30mm, between 5-13mm with less than the Three Estate of 5mm.
As can be seen from Figure 1, the genus mixture less than 5mm after the high frequency shale shaker screening can use it for anything else directly into recovery bin 51, does not enter subsequent treatment; The particle between 13mm-50mm that is separated enters the first water separator 6 and separates, and isolates the concrete stone of surface band, enters the concrete layer that the first stone epidermis processor 7 grinds off the stone surface; The same particle between 5mm-13mm enters the second water separator 8 and separates, and isolates the concrete stone of surface band, enters the concrete layer that the second stone epidermis processor 9 grinds off the stone surface; The first water separator 6 is identical with the second water separator 8 its structures, and the common brick that it is separated etc. enters common brick gathering-device 601,801, and its floating thing enters floating object separating device 602,802; The first stone epidermis processor 7 is identical with stone epidermis processor 9 its structures.
If the solid building castoff at volume greater than nominal amount, it is pre-broken then to need to utilize preliminary treatment device 1 to enter, preliminary treatment device 1 commonly used has palate crusher, hammer mill etc., carry out precrushing preferably with some than bigger material, remove such as artificial modes of employing such as wooden, reinforcing bar and tiles; For can with the irony material of deironing apparatus removal, preferably removing with deironing apparatus 2 first.
See also Fig. 2, Fig. 2 discloses is a kind of composite crusher among the present invention, comprise the broken segment 32 and the drive unit 33 that are arranged on the frame 31, described broken segment 32 comprises decides plate 322 and moving plate 323, to decide plate 322 reciprocating with respect to described under the effect of drive unit 33 for described moving plate 323, and the described inner surface of deciding plate 322 is that three sections continuous inclined-planes consist of, and wherein epimere inclined-plane 3221 slopes inwardly, inclined-plane, stage casing 3222 is outward-dipping, and hypomere inclined-plane 3223 slopes inwardly again; The inner surface of described moving plate 323 also is that three sections continuous inclined-planes consist of, and wherein epimere inclined-plane 3231, inclined-plane, stage casing 3232 and the hypomere inclined-plane 3233 of moving plate 323 are symmetrical arranged along center line 324 with the epimere inclined-plane 3221 of deciding plate 322, inclined-plane, stage casing 3222 and hypomere inclined-plane 3223 respectively; Be provided with in opposite directions independently meal cone tooth 321 in epimere inclined-plane 3231 levels of the described epimere inclined-plane 3221 of deciding plate 322 and described moving plate 323, and consist of the broken chamber 325 of one-level; Being provided with the cross section between the hypomere inclined-plane 3233 of the described hypomere inclined-plane 3223 of deciding plate 322 and described moving plate 323 is trapezoidal movable head 326, and the hypomere inclined-plane 3223 of plate 322 is decided and the hypomere inclined-plane 3233 of described moving plate 323 consists of two two-stage crushing chambers 3263 with described respectively in the two sides 3261,3262 of movable head 326; Level is provided with independently fine powder cone tooth 3264 respectively on two sides 3261,3262 of the described hypomere inclined-plane 3233 of deciding the hypomere inclined-plane 3223 of plate 322, described moving plate 323, movable head 326; Described moving plate 323 moves horizontally under the effect of drive unit 33, described movable head 326 along with moving plate 323 is reciprocating, is provided with empty avoiding stroke 3266(referring to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 at least one top of described servo-actuated connecting rod 3265 by servo-actuated connecting rod 3265).Drive unit 33 in of the present invention is crankshaft connecting rod systems, because crankshaft connecting rod system is prior art, no longer is repeated in this description among the present invention, and obviously, the drive unit 33 among the present invention also can replace with hydraulic mechanism.
Fig. 4 is that Fig. 4 is the perspective view of the movable head 326 among Fig. 2 and Fig. 3.From figure as can be known, movable head 326 is that a bottom is trapezoidal, top is a strip movable head of the formation of triangular-section, its long and moving plate 323 is suitable with the length of deciding plate 322, be that 2-5 rice is long among the present invention, be respectively equipped with a lug 3268 at the two ends of movable head 326, be provided with empty avoiding stroke 3266 in lug 3268, described servo-actuated connecting rod 3265 is flexibly connected with described lug 3268.The purpose that the cross section is set is leg-of-mutton sub-material section 3267 at the top of movable head 326 is to have better material-distributing action for movable head 326.
In order to make things convenient for the replacing of meal cone tooth 321 and fine powder cone tooth 3264, meal to be bored tooth 321 and fine powder cone tooth 3264 be located at separately respectively on its dental lamina 327,328 among the present invention, then, with screw dental lamina 327,328 is separately fixed at and decides on plate 322, moving plate 323 and the movable head 326.
Among the present invention, described meal cone tooth 321 from top to bottom its diameter and length successively decreases gradually, and its density increases progressively gradually, and described fine powder cone tooth 3264 from top to bottom its diameter and length successively decreases gradually, its density increases progressively gradually, is conducive to like this improve crushing efficiency of the present invention.Meal cone tooth 321 among the present invention and fine powder cone tooth 3264 can be made of chromium alloy material.
Among the present invention, the distance of described empty avoiding stroke 3266 is half of plate stroke, for example, if moving plate stroke is 40mm, then 3266 of empty avoiding strokes are 20mm, like this, when moving plate 323 closes up, originally movable head 326 can be not servo-actuated, when moving plate 323 moves to half stroke, under the acting in conjunction of the material that is broken in servo-actuated connecting rod 3265 and two-stage crushing chamber 3263, promote movable head to deciding the motion of plate 322 directions, reach the material that is broken in another two-stage crushing chamber 3263 of further fragmentation.
Obviously, described empty avoiding stroke 3266 also can be respectively to establish a part at servo-actuated connecting rod 3265 two ends, two parts are added up and are just in time equaled a complete empty avoiding stroke 3266, be 20mm such as empty avoiding stroke 3266, can establish 10mm empty avoiding stroke at the end that servo-actuated connecting rod 3265 is connected with movable head 326, an end that is connected with moving plate 323 at servo-actuated connecting rod 3265 is established the empty avoiding stroke of 10mm again, the empty avoiding stroke 3266 at two ends can be established greater than zero, and both sums equal half any number of moving plate stroke.
See also Fig. 3, embodiment illustrated in fig. 3 and embodiment illustrated in fig. 2 comparing, its general structure is identical, and difference is that enforcement shown in Figure 3 is to be in series by plural broken segment 32, drives whole disintegrating machine by a drive unit 33.Specifically, it is a kind of combined type cone dental lamina building castoff disintegrating machine, comprise the broken segment 32 and the drive unit 33 that are arranged on plural continuous setting on the frame 31, each described broken segment 32 comprises decides plate 322 and moving plate 323, to decide plate 322 reciprocating with respect to described under the effect of drive unit 33 for described moving plate 323, the described inner surface of deciding plate 322 is that three sections continuous inclined-planes consist of, wherein epimere inclined-plane 3221 slopes inwardly, inclined-plane, stage casing 3222 is outward-dipping, and hypomere inclined-plane 3223 slopes inwardly again; The inner surface of described moving plate 323 also is that three sections continuous inclined-planes consist of, and wherein epimere inclined-plane 3231, inclined-plane, stage casing 3232 and the hypomere inclined-plane 3233 of moving plate 323 are symmetrical arranged along center line 324 with the epimere inclined-plane 3221 of deciding plate 322, inclined-plane, stage casing 3222 and hypomere inclined-plane 3223 respectively; Level is provided with independently meal cone tooth 321 in opposite directions on the epimere inclined-plane 3231 of the described epimere inclined-plane 3221 of deciding plate 322 and described moving plate 323, and consists of the broken chamber 325 of one-level; Being provided with the cross section between the hypomere inclined-plane 3233 of the described hypomere inclined-plane 3223 of deciding plate 322 and described moving plate 323 is trapezoidal movable head 326, and the hypomere inclined-plane 3223 of plate 322 is decided and the hypomere inclined-plane 3233 of described moving plate 323 consists of two two-stage crushing chambers 3263 with described respectively in the two sides 3261,3262 of movable head 326; Level is provided with independently fine powder cone tooth 3264 respectively on two sides 3261,3262 of the described hypomere inclined-plane 3233 of deciding the hypomere inclined-plane 3223 of plate 322, described moving plate 323, movable head 326; Described moving plate 323 moves horizontally under the effect of drive unit 33, described movable head 326 by servo-actuated connecting rod 3265 along with moving plate 323 is reciprocating, be provided with empty avoiding section (not drawing, identical with the structure of empty avoiding stroke 3266) at least one top of described servo-actuated connecting rod 3265; Decide plate 322 and moving plate 323 movable head 34 of formation that is connected as a single entity for adjacent one in the middle of being positioned at, be connected by the follow-up connecting rod (not shown) between the movable head 326 of described movable head 34 and upper level, be provided with the empty avoiding section at least one top of described follow-up connecting rod.Like this, when work, moving plate 323 is when motion, drive the movable head 326 adjacent with moving plate 323 by servo-actuated connecting rod 326, movable head 326 more logical follow-up connecting rod drives moving plate 34 1 startings, reach and utilize a drive unit 33 to drive plural broken segment 32, only drawn the series connection form of two broken segments 32 among Fig. 3, in fact, as long as the power of drive unit 33 is enough large, the present invention's more broken segment 32 of can also connecting, such as three, four, five etc., the structure of three above broken segments 32 of string, the content of asking the reader to narrate according to the present invention is understood, and does not remake more detailed explanation here.
Obviously, among second embodiment of the present invention, described meal cone tooth 321 from top to bottom its diameter and length successively decreases gradually, its density increases progressively gradually, described fine powder cone tooth 3264 from top to bottom its diameter and length successively decreases gradually, its density increases progressively gradually, is conducive to like this improve crushing efficiency of the present invention.Meal cone tooth 321 among the present invention and fine powder cone tooth 3264 can be made of chromium alloy material.
Described empty avoiding stroke 3266 is or/and the distance of empty avoiding section also can be half of plate stroke.Described empty avoiding stroke 3266 also can be respectively to establish a part at servo-actuated connecting rod 3265 two ends; Described empty avoiding section is respectively to establish a part at the follow-up connecting rod two ends.
All move horizontally with respect to deciding plate owing to having adopted moving plate in the above-mentioned two schemes of the present invention, and the independent meal cone tooth that arranges and fine powder cone tooth all are to be parallel to the moving plate direction of motion, moving like this plate only has horizontal snap-action, driving meal cone tooth and fine powder cone tooth directly insert in the concrete, make concrete directly broken, improved crushing efficiency.Adopt one-level fragmentation and two-stage crushing compound up and down, and movable head is set in two-stage crushing, two-stage crushing is divided into two broken chambers, further improved crushing efficiency of the present invention and the floor space that has reduced disintegrating machine; And a drive unit drives moving plate and movable head simultaneously, and is not only energy-conservation, and uses structure more simple.
In addition, in second embodiment of the present invention, adopt a plurality of broken segments to connect step by step, and driven by a drive unit, can further improve output of the present invention, be suitable for the mass disposal concrete waste material.
See also Fig. 6 to Fig. 9, Fig. 6 to Fig. 9 discloses is a kind of bipyramid disintegrating machine among the present invention, it is broken to be mainly used in tail, it comprises mill seat 41, be provided with mill chamber 42 at described mill seat 41, described mill chamber 42 is identical by two structures, large end is opposed and be spaced in intervals 421, on the same level axis, both rotating speeds equate but respectively by two gears 432, two butt circular cones 422 of 433 switched in opposite that drive, 423 consist of, at the small end 4221 of left side frustum of a cone 422 by auger 43 convey materials (material among the present invention refers to that mainly the surface is with the stone of concrete layer) with feed hopper 431, discharged from the spacing 421 of opposed of large end by the material behind the mill, at described two butt circular cones 422,423 inner surface is provided with dental lamina 424,425, described dental lamina 424,425 are provided with the roll flute 426 that protrudes from the dental lamina surface, 427(is referring to Fig. 7 and Fig. 9), among the present invention, described roll flute 426,427 is arc, two frustum of a cones 422,423 dental lamina 424, the quantity that arc on 425 is ground one's teeth in sleep equates, but arcuate directions is opposite, this structure is conducive to accelerate discharge, arc among Fig. 7 direction of grinding one's teeth in sleep is clockwise, and the direction of grinding one's teeth in sleep of the arc among Fig. 9 is counterclockwise.In order to prolong the service life of grinding one's teeth in sleep, described roll flute 426,427 can be made of evanohm.Spacing 421 among the present invention can be regulated as required.Fig. 8 is the A-A cross-sectional view among Fig. 7, the cross sectional shape of expression roll flute is ladder structure of right angle, and the inclined-plane 4261 of described right-angled trapezium is mainly used in discharge, for going out charge level, rotate in mill chamber and the vertical plane 4262 of right-angled trapezium is mainly used in driving material, be the pusher face.
Because bipyramid disintegrating machine 4 has adopted at described two butt circular cones 422,423 inner surface and has been provided with dental lamina 424,425, described dental lamina 424,425 is provided with the roll flute 426 that protrudes from dental lamina 424,425 surfaces, 427 structure, after pending stone enters mill chamber, in roll flute 426,427 effect, drive stone in mill chamber 42 interior high-band motions, thereby make and produce collision between stone and the stone, make and be with concrete stone further broken, the stone that particle diameter is less throws away to circumference from the spacing between the large end of two butt circular cones.
If above-mentioned band roll flute 426,427 is used the steel wire bristle, the bipyramid disintegrating machine among the present invention is with regard to the variable stone surface treating machine that becomes, and particular content is asked for an interview following.
See also Figure 10, Figure 10 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the left and right dental lamina of stone surface treating machine 7 among the present invention.In the stone surface treating machine 7, its mill chamber structure is identical with structure shown in Figure 6, difference is that a steel wire bristle that the steel wire 44 that roll flute 426,427 usefulness on dental lamina surface need be protruded from dental lamina 424,425 surfaces is made replaces, and just becomes stone surface treating machine 7.In assembling during steel wire 44, first grooving on dental lamina 424,425, and the guiding principle silk 44 of predetermined length controlled on groove is pressed into pressing plate 441 in the groove with instrument, and is screwed pressing plate 441, and just to be fixed on groove interior for guiding principle silk 44 like this.The concrete effect on stone surface treating machine 7 removing stone surfaces is fine.
Because stone surface treating machine 7 has adopted at described two butt circular cones 422,423 inner surface and has been provided with dental lamina 424,425, described dental lamina 424,425 is provided with the structure of the bristle made from steel wire 44 that protrudes from dental lamina 424,425 surfaces, after pending stone enters mill chamber 42, effect at the steel wire bristle, drive stone high-band motion in mill chamber, thereby make and produce collision and friction between stone and the stone, the concrete layer on stone surface is come off, and the stone after the surface comes off throws away to circumference from the spacing between the large end of two butt circular cones.Its surface clean of stone after stone surface treating machine 7 is processed can be used as new stone and use.
Water separator 6 among the present invention can be divided into flat flow water separator 61 and vertical streaming water separator 62, is described below in concrete:
See also Figure 11 and Figure 12, Figure 11 and Figure 12 disclose is a kind of flat flow water separator 61 among the present invention, comprise separating tank 611, be provided with the resettlement section 6111,6112,6113 of collecting different material in described separating tank 611 bottoms, in described separating tank 611, be provided with the circulating water of predetermined altitude H, circulating water is under the effect of water circulation drive unit 612, flow from a side of separating tank 611 opposite side with predetermined flow rate and direction separating tank 611, described separating tank 611 be higher than horizontal plane 6114 above be provided with the solid building castoff section 613 that feeds intake; Separated material enters the circulating water from the section of feeding intake 613, under the effect of circulating water, heavy material enters the first resettlement section 6111 that is positioned at the subordinate side that feeds intake, the material that proportion is less enters other resettlement section 6112,6113 of next-door neighbour the first resettlement section successively, be three resettlement sections in the present embodiment, obviously, other resettlement section comprises N resettlement section, the second resettlement section to the, and N is more than or equal to 1.
See also Figure 13, Figure 13 is another kind of flat flow water separator of the present invention, and it is compared with embodiment shown in Figure 12 with Figure 11, its general structure is identical, institute is not both in same separating tank, has increased another component from device, can improve separative efficiency more than one times.
Specifically, it is a kind of flat flow water separator 61, comprise separating tank 611, described separating tank 611 is track type, be provided with the resettlement section 6111 of collecting different material in two straight shape separating tank 6114 bottoms of described track type separating tank, 6112,6113(is referring to Fig. 1), in described separating tank 611, be provided with the circulating water of predetermined altitude H, circulating water is under the effect of water circulation drive unit 612, in separating tank 611, flow to a direction with predetermined flow velocity, described two straight shape separating tanks 6115 be higher than horizontal plane above be provided with the solid building castoff section 612 that feeds intake; In the two ends of described track type separating tank deep-slotted chip breaker 6116, respectively be provided with a water circulation drive unit 612; Separated material enters the circulating water from the section of feeding intake 613, under the effect of circulating water, heavy material enters the first resettlement section 6111 that is positioned at the subordinate side that feeds intake, the material that proportion is less enters other resettlement section 6112,6113 of next-door neighbour the first resettlement section 6111 successively, other resettlement section comprises N resettlement section, the second resettlement section to the, and N is more than or equal to 1.
Among above-mentioned two kinds of embodiment, it is water pump that described water circulation drive unit 612 can adopt.The predetermined altitude H of described circulating water can be chosen in the 3-5 rice scope, the purpose of the circulating water of certain altitude is set, to allow from the solid building castoff separated object that section 613 gets off that feeds intake be arranged the sufficient fall time circulating water, so that circulating water is separated into different types of material with them.
In the present embodiment, the predetermined flow velocity of described circulating water is decided according to the predetermined altitude of the proportion of separated material and circulating water, different separated materials have different proportion, and concrete material will carry out separation test at the separation initial stage, determines the predetermined altitude H of optimum flow rate and circulating water.Preferably, described separated material is crushed to the 10-50mm particle diameter in advance.
In the present embodiment, described separating tank 611 tops are provided with floating thing knot screen (not shown), are used for removing paper, styrenic foams, wood chip or/and the floating things such as polybag realize separating with removal of impurities and carry out synchronously.
The present invention needs general building castoff is carried out one-level by disintegrating machine in use, secondary, even after three grades of fragmentations, the material after institute's fragmentation is carried out magnetic separation, and removal steel part etc., and be divided into various components according to granular size.
During use, be noted that the size of the water content of separated object, can affect the proportion of separated object, for a collection of separated object, testing in the starting stage of separating, determine which type of water flow velocity can reach the optimal separation state with.
The inventor is with under the natural air drying, and namely the building from immediately removing was not caught in the rain, and after being pulverized, size is 10-50mm, and the better separation parameter that adopts is as follows:
Water velocity 70-80 m/min; Separated material enters the height of drop in the flowing water, and namely flowing water predetermined altitude H can effectively isolate successively and be enclosed with concrete stone, pure concrete particle, common brick particle and tile and so in 3-5 rice scope.
See also Figure 14, what Figure 14 disclosed is a kind of vertical streaming water separator 62 of the present invention, comprise high water level pond 621, low water level pond 622 and delivery port 623, described delivery port 623 is located on the low water level pond 622, preferably, the bottom surface that sets out the mouth of a river 623 in low water level pond 622 is preferably the inclined-plane, is provided with the solid building castoff section 624 that feeds intake above described delivery port 623; Under the effect of high water level pond 621 interior water, water is from delivery port 623 ejections, to be divided into two parts from the solid building castoff separated material that section 624 falls that feeds intake, the heavier material of proportion directly enters in the low water level pond 622, and the material of light specific gravity enters first with current and accommodates pond 625; The first water of accommodating pond 625 is drawn back high water level pond 621 through water circulating pump 626 and is recycled.
During use, described water is decided according to the proportion of separated material from the speed that delivery port 623 flows out, and the data of this flow velocity can according to different material, be made small lot and test and get when initial.
See also Figure 15; embodiment illustrated in fig. 15 and embodiment illustrated in fig. 14 comparing; its structure is substantially identical; difference is: described high water level pond 621 is to connect by valve 627 with being connected low water level pond 622; can keep like this water in high water level pond 621 when shutting down, not discharged, can save the time that next time, start was used.
As mentioned above, water separator 6 is compared with existing isolation technics, has following advantage, the separating medium that this water separator adopts is water, be different from the suspension that adopts chemical substance to do, it not only can be recycling, even and waste water can not cause any pollution to environment yet; Again, water can obtain different separators with relatively low cost as medium from building castoff, such as stone, brickbat, broken concrete etc., classify, and these materials all can reuse.The present invention can not only can realize the building gurry is separated, and can also realize floating thing, and such as paper, styrenic foams, wood chip be or/and the synchronously removal of impurities such as polybag, can save selection by winnowing in the conventional process building castoff except step, achieves many things at one stroke.
The present invention is under the prerequisite of its technological thought or principal character, and aforesaid the present invention can implement with other various forms.Therefore, should be appreciated that embodiment disclosed herein is complete to be to illustrate with the mode of example rather than the mode of restriction.

Claims (10)

1. a solid building castoff is processed treatment system, it is characterized in that: comprise the composite crusher that connects successively, deironing apparatus, the bipyramid disintegrating machine, high frequency shale shaker, water separator and stone surface treating machine consist of, composite crusher is crushed to the solid building castoff of nominal amount below the predetermined particle size, then, remove ferrous material by deironing apparatus, enter into again the bipyramid disintegrating machine and further be crushed to the following particle of another predetermined particle size, after the particle after the fragmentation is sent into high frequency shale shaker, be separated into less than or equal to greatly, little Three Estate neutralizes, again the particle of different brackets is sent into water separator and isolate stone, common brick, pure concrete particle, and removal floating thing, at last the stone of different-grain diameter is sent into the stone surface treating machine, peel off the concrete layer on stone surface.
2. solid building castoff according to claim 1 is processed treatment system, it is characterized in that: described composite crusher comprises broken segment and the drive unit that is arranged on the frame, described broken segment comprises decides plate and moving plate, to decide plate reciprocating with respect to described under the effect of drive unit for described moving plate, it is characterized in that: the described inner surface of deciding plate is that three sections continuous inclined-planes consist of, wherein the epimere inclined-plane slopes inwardly, and the inclined-plane, stage casing is outward-dipping, and the hypomere inclined-plane slopes inwardly again; The inner surface of described moving plate also is that three sections continuous inclined-planes consist of, and epimere inclined-plane, inclined-plane, stage casing and the hypomere inclined-plane of wherein deciding plate is symmetrical arranged along center line with epimere inclined-plane, inclined-plane, stage casing and the hypomere inclined-plane of moving plate respectively; Be provided with in opposite directions independently meal cone tooth at the epimere slope level of the described epimere inclined-plane of deciding plate and described moving plate, and consist of the broken chamber of one-level; Being provided with the cross section between the hypomere inclined-plane of the described hypomere inclined-plane of deciding plate and described moving plate is trapezoidal movable head, and the hypomere inclined-plane of plate is decided and the hypomere inclined-plane of described moving plate consists of two two-stage crushing chambers with described respectively in the side of movable head; Level is provided with independently fine powder cone tooth respectively on two sides of the described hypomere inclined-plane of deciding the hypomere inclined-plane of plate, described moving plate, movable head; Described moving plate moves horizontally under the effect of drive unit, and described movable head along with moving plate is reciprocating, is provided with empty avoiding stroke at least one top of described servo-actuated connecting rod by servo-actuated connecting rod.
3. solid building castoff according to claim 2 processing treatment system is characterized in that: described meal cone tooth and fine powder cone tooth from top to bottom its diameter and length successively decrease gradually, and its density increases progressively gradually.
4. according to claim 2 or 3 described solid building castoffs processing treatment systems, it is characterized in that: the distance of described empty avoiding stroke is half of plate stroke.
5. solid building castoff according to claim 1 is processed treatment system, it is characterized in that: described bipyramid disintegrating machine comprises mill chamber, described mill chamber is identical by two structures, hold opposed greatly and be spaced in intervals, on the same level axis, both rotating speeds equate but two butt circular cones of switched in opposite consist of, a frustum of a cone small end is by the auger convey materials therein, discharged from the spacing of opposed of large end by the material behind the mill, inner surface at described two butt circular cones is provided with dental lamina, and described dental lamina is provided with the roll flute that protrudes from the dental lamina surface.
6. solid building castoff according to claim 5 is processed treatment system, and it is characterized in that: the cross section of described roll flute is right-angled trapezium, and the inclined-plane of described right-angled trapezium is for going out charge level, and the vertical plane of described right-angled trapezium is the pusher face.
7. solid building castoff according to claim 1 is processed treatment system, it is characterized in that: described water separator comprises separating tank, described separating tank is track type, two straight shape separating tank bottoms at described track type separating tank are provided with the resettlement section of collecting different material, in described separating tank, be provided with the circulating water of predetermined altitude, circulating water is under the effect of water circulation drive unit, in separating tank, flow to a direction with predetermined flow velocity, described two straight shape separating tanks be higher than horizontal plane above be provided with the solid building castoff section that feeds intake; In the deep-slotted chip breaker of the two ends of described track type separating tank, respectively be provided with a water circulation drive unit.
8. solid building castoff according to claim 1 is processed treatment system, it is characterized in that: described water separator comprises high water level pond, low water level pond and delivery port, described delivery port is located on the low water level pond, is provided with the solid building castoff section that feeds intake above described delivery port; Under the effect of high water level Chi Shui, water sprays from delivery port, will be divided into two parts from the separated material that the solid building castoff feeds intake under the clan, directly enters the low water level pond than heavy material, and the material of light specific gravity enters first with current and accommodates the pond; The first water of accommodating the pond is drawn back the high water level pond through water circulating pump and is recycled.
9. solid building castoff according to claim 1 is processed treatment system, it is characterized in that: described stone surface treating machine comprises mill chamber, described mill chamber is identical by two structures, large end is opposed and be spaced in intervals, on the same level axis, both rotating speeds equate but two butt circular cones of switched in opposite consist of, a frustum of a cone small end is by the auger convey materials therein, discharged from the spacing of opposed of large end by the material behind the mill, inner surface at described two butt circular cones is provided with dental lamina, and described dental lamina is provided with the steel wire bristle made from steel wire that protrudes from the dental lamina surface.
10. solid building castoff according to claim 9 processing treatment system is characterized in that: described guiding principle silk bristle is to be pressed in the steel wire trough of described dental lamina with pressing plate to make.
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CN104446202A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-03-25 魏云峰 Disposal method for reusing highly-compound construction waste
CN104874591A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-09-02 揭阳市绿源环保处理有限公司 Building remaining mud processing technology and system
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EP2949632A1 (en) 2014-05-30 2015-12-02 Destamatic Oy Hydraulic composite material based on recycled materials and method for production thereof
CN107876392A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-04-06 王世豪 Building material specification processing system
CN108080396A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-05-29 付朝品 A kind of primary dregs regeneration method
CN111604348A (en) * 2019-06-26 2020-09-01 北新集团建材股份有限公司 Assembled wall body recovery system
CN112138857A (en) * 2020-09-16 2020-12-29 合肥欣畅源光电科技有限公司 Building rubbish sorting system
CN112705298A (en) * 2020-12-09 2021-04-27 南京春又绿科技有限公司 Limestone powder making process

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CN103908999A (en) * 2014-04-09 2014-07-09 广州世正环保科技发展有限公司 Energy-saving environment-friendly construction waste recovery system
CN103908999B (en) * 2014-04-09 2016-08-17 广州世正环保科技发展有限公司 A kind of building castoff resource utilization system of energy-conserving and environment-protective
EP2949632A1 (en) 2014-05-30 2015-12-02 Destamatic Oy Hydraulic composite material based on recycled materials and method for production thereof
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CN104874591A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-09-02 揭阳市绿源环保处理有限公司 Building remaining mud processing technology and system
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CN107876392A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-04-06 王世豪 Building material specification processing system
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CN111604348A (en) * 2019-06-26 2020-09-01 北新集团建材股份有限公司 Assembled wall body recovery system
CN112138857A (en) * 2020-09-16 2020-12-29 合肥欣畅源光电科技有限公司 Building rubbish sorting system
CN112138857B (en) * 2020-09-16 2022-05-10 合肥欣畅源光电科技有限公司 Building rubbish sorting system
CN112705298A (en) * 2020-12-09 2021-04-27 南京春又绿科技有限公司 Limestone powder making process

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