CN102989564A - Household food garbage processor - Google Patents

Household food garbage processor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102989564A
CN102989564A CN2012105281197A CN201210528119A CN102989564A CN 102989564 A CN102989564 A CN 102989564A CN 2012105281197 A CN2012105281197 A CN 2012105281197A CN 201210528119 A CN201210528119 A CN 201210528119A CN 102989564 A CN102989564 A CN 102989564A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
milling
apotheca
mobile
blade
hatch door
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012105281197A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102989564B (en
Inventor
罗亚辉
胡文武
蒋蘋
刘建庭
童艳丽
Original Assignee
湖南农业大学
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Priority to CN201210528119.7A priority Critical patent/CN102989564B/en
Publication of CN102989564A publication Critical patent/CN102989564A/en
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Publication of CN102989564B publication Critical patent/CN102989564B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a household food garbage processor comprising a milling device, a milling chamber and a storage chamber, wherein the milling device is mounted above the milling chamber; the milling chamber is mounted on the storage chamber in a sealed manner; the milling chamber is communicated with the storage chamber through a connector; the storage chamber is externally provided with a moving device for driving the milling device to move in a vertical direction; and the moving device drives the milling device to move upwards in the vertical direction. According to the household food garbage processor, food garbage can be crushed into slurry liquid or very small grains; in-time, convenient and fast kitchen cleaning can be easily realized; and pathogenic bacteria, mosquitoes and peculiar smells, which are caused by depositing untreated food garbage, are avoided; and therefore, a domestic environment is effectively optimized and the problem that a sewer is easy to block is completely solved.

Description

A kind of Household treating machine for food rubbish

Technical field:

The present invention relates to a kind of Household treating machine for food rubbish.

Background technology:

Existing food waste disposer is to drive cutterhead by small-sized DC or alternating current generator, utilize centrifugal force with the food refuse powder in the crushing chamber, its core component is device for grinding, it is made by stainless steel, process food by the motor high speed rotating, still, existing food waste disposer has only just accomplished to smash function, food garbage after smashing is difficult to process and store, and therefore can't recycle.

Summary of the invention:

The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art and a kind of paste liquid or nano sized particles of food refuse can being ground into is provided, can easily realize immediately, kitchen cleaning easily and efficiently, avoid food refuse to be untreated and pile up and grow germ, mosquito and peculiar smell, effectively optimize domestic environment, solve sewer and hold susceptible to plugging Household treating machine for food rubbish.

For achieving the above object, the technical scheme of employing is:

A kind of Household treating machine for food rubbish, comprise milling device, mobile device, grinding house and apotheca, described milling device is installed in the described grinding house, described mobile device drives described milling device vertical direction in described grinding house and moves, described grinding house is provided with the garbage inlet that is communicated with described grinding house, the connector that described apotheca is provided with garbage outlet and is communicated with described grinding house, described connector is provided with openable hatch door, the sealing of described grinding house is installed on the described apotheca, described milling device comprises power set, slowdown module and blade, described mobile device is connected with an output of described power set by described slowdown module, on another output of described power set blade is installed, described blade is arranged on described in grinding house and in the horizontal direction rotation, it is mobile in vertical direction that described mobile device drives described milling device, described blade top, cutterhead is installed in the rotating shaft, with described rotating shaft rotation, the diameter of described blade and described cutterhead is not less than the diameter of described connector for described cutterhead.

Described power set are motor, described slowdown module adopts turbine and worm mechanism, described mobile device comprises slide rail, the tooth bar that is vertically mounted on the described apotheca and is installed in slide block on the described power set, described guide block is installed on the described slide block, the upper end output shaft of described motor is connected with described tooth bar by described turbine and worm mechanism and drives described power set by the in-house wheel and rack engagement of described turbine and worm and moves up and down along described tooth bar, and described mobile device is by the stroke of travel switch moving-limiting.

Described apotheca is provided with drying cavity, described apotheca outer wrapping heat insulation foam, described apotheca and described drying cavity are by letting in air and heat-resisting reticulate body is communicated with, be provided with heating wire in the described drying cavity, described drying cavity also is provided with air blast, and described air blast is so that described drying cavity inner air flow enters described apotheca.

Be provided with the drawer of depositing rubbish in the described apotheca, described drawer passes in and out from described garbage outlet.

Described hatch door is by the vertical mobile interlock of linkage with described milling device, and when described milling device moved down, described hatch door was opened, and when described milling device moved up, described hatch door was closed.

Described linkage comprises directive wheel, backguy, one end of described backguy is installed in the top of described milling device, the other end is installed in an end of described hatch door downside by described directive wheel, and the other end of described hatch door is hinged on the connector of described apotheca by spring hinge.

Described apotheca lower end is equipped with support baseboard, and described support baseboard below is equipped with universal rolling wheel.

Described cutterhead is 2.4cm apart from blade.

The present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages:

(1) the present invention integrates the novel foodstuff garbage disposer that food garbage is smashed, compresses, dried, described milling device is arranged on the top of described apotheca, therefore the rubbish after milling can enter easily the apotheca processing and reclaim in grinding house, can effectively process life food garbage by drawer-type structure in the apotheca again, also can realize the secondary utilization of waste resource.

(2) the turbine and worm winding machine as a motor a tractor serves several purposes function of power set, motor is all established up and down output, on the one hand, the electric machine main shaft High Rotation Speed realizes smashing function; By worm and gear and reducing gear, realize that blade is milled up and down and the up and down compression movement of cutterhead on the other hand.

(3) realized the auto-closing of hatch door by the wire drawing of spring hinge complexed metal.Change food garbage over to drying cavity by the polishing chamber.

(4) motor of being realized by travel switch and rack section automatically about, close down motion.

(5) drying cavity is realized the oven dry of residue, prevents that the corruption of residue is spoiled.

In sum, the present invention can be ground into food refuse paste liquid or nano sized particles, can easily realize immediately, kitchen cleaning easily and efficiently, avoid food refuse to be untreated and pile up and grow germ, mosquito and peculiar smell, thereby effectively optimize domestic environment, and thoroughly solve sewer and hold susceptible to plugging problem.

Description of drawings:

Fig. 1 (a) is the structural representation of this device;

Fig. 1 (b) is the top view of Fig. 1 (a);

Fig. 1 (c) is the cutaway view of the A-A of Fig. 1 (a);

Fig. 1 (d) is the left view of Fig. 1 (a);

Fig. 2 is the inner stereogram of this device;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of this device drying cavity.

In the accompanying drawing, 1, bung, 2, round tank, 3, pulley system, 4, wire, 5, rubbish is poured hatch door into, and 6, junction steel plate, 7, Square barrel, 8, slide rail, 9, slide block, 10, worm screw, 11, bearing block, 12, gear 2,13, turbine, 14, tooth bar, 15, the tooth bar clip, 16, gear 3,17, shaft coupling, 18, L-square, 19, upper thin sheet, 20, motor, 21, lower thin sheet, 22, cutterhead, 23, blade, 24, hatch door, 25, air blast, 26, support baseboard, 27, universal rolling wheel, 28, heating wire, 29, drawer, 30, the second axle, 31, gear 1,32, the first axle, 33, spring hinge, 34, jump ring.

The specific embodiment:

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, further describe the specific embodiment of this patent.

As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, food waste disposer is comprised of three parts, be milling device topmost, be the chamber of milling then, the shell in the chamber of milling is round tank 2, and the shell of apotheca is Square barrel 7, on the bucket wall of Square barrel 7, be vertically installed with an one slide rail 8 every 90 degree, slide rail 8 evenly arranges, and slide rail 8 is with bolts fixing with 2 barrels of walls of round tank; A tooth bar 14 is also installed in 2 barrels of wall inboards of round tank, holing in the upper and lower side both sides of tooth bar 14, is fixed on the clip 15 in inserting bolt on the hole, and the installation aperture is equipped with in clip 15 both sides, utilize these apertures that tooth bar 14 is with bolts, be fixed on 2 barrels of walls of round tank.

Milling device is provided with motor 20, blade 23, slowdown module and slide block 9, motor 20 two ends are equipped with installation screw, with bolt two thin plates 19,21 are loaded onto at motor 20 two, four limits on two thin plates 19,21, mill out respectively adjustable slotted hole with certain depth, the L-square 18 of loading onto with bolts, L-square 18 1 ends are fixed on the thin plate of motor 20, by bolt slide block 9 is installed on the other end, with this four slide blocks 9 are installed, this slide block 9 is installed on the described slide rail 8, so that milling device can be mobile at slide rail 8 along with slide block 9.

Fixed support as the first axle 32 and the second axle 30 in the slowdown module also is installed on the L-square 18 on thin plate, described the first axle 32 is provided with turbine 13 and gear 31, gear 12 and gear 16 are installed on the second axle 30, motor 20 upper end output shafts connect scroll bar 10 by shaft coupling 17, turbine 13 engagements on scroll bar 10 and the first axle 32, and send power to the first axle 32; A pair of gear 31 and gear 12 on the first axle 32, the second axle 30 once slow down again, finally by gear 16 and tooth bar 14 engagements of the second axle 30, realize the whole slow easy motion downwards of milling device.

The lower end output shaft of motor 20 is connected with cutterhead 22 and blade 23 by shaft coupling, at cutterhead 22 bearing block is housed, and 22 of cutterheads are connected with bearing outer ring, when power transmission shaft rotates, cutterhead 22 does not rotate, and cutterhead uses jump ring 34 spacing in the upper end about in the of 22, and an end adopts bearing pin spacing.Blade 23 is loaded on cutterhead 22 belows, and installing hole is designed to D font circular hole, does high speed rotary motion with output shaft, and blade 23 upper ends use the shaft shoulder spacing, and the lower end uses bearing pin spacing.

The connector of apotheca is in the hatch door 24 of normally off when off working state is installed, hatch door 24 is comprised of two square sheets, is connected to an end of spring hinge 33 at an end of thin slice with rivet, and the other end of spring hinge 33 is fixed on the square tube with rivet.When hatch door 24 is not stressed, provide support power by spring hinge 33, make hatch door 24 be in normally off, one end of hatch door is connected with wire 4, the other end of wire 4 is by pulley system 3 and be installed in the top of milling device, decline along with milling device, wire 4 drives hatch door 24 and slowly opens by closing, and but the food garbage of smashing the most at last is sent in the drawer 29 of the push-and-pull in the apotheca, and apotheca is outside equipped with the drying cavity of sealing, is fixed with two heating wire 28 with bolt in the drying cavity, for apotheca provides heat energy, drawer 29 both sides that store residue are drilled with aperture, and post thin wire gauze, and the outer end of apotheca is equipped with passage, external air blast 25, the outer parcel of whole apotheca heat insulation foam prevents that heating power from distributing, and prevents that simultaneously the scald situation from occuring.

The apotheca lower end is equipped with removable support baseboard 26, and base plate and apotheca adopt and be welded and fixed, and at four angles of base plate universal rolling wheel 27 are installed, and can move as required placement.

Operation principle

Food waste disposer motor 20 adopts direct current generator, provides voltage-stabilized power supply by the 12V direct-flow storage battery, and the shell of milling device is cylindric, is convenient to moving back and forth up and down of motor 20, and apotheca is designed to square tube, is convenient to the closure of hatch door 24.

Behind power initiation, motor 20 upper end output shafts drive the worm mechanism rotation, with the turbine of worm engaging connecting axle being carried out 90 degree subsequently turns to, slow down simultaneously, the gear 31 coaxial with turbine carries out the deceleration engagement of big speed ratio with gear 12, the rotating speed of the second axle is controlled at certain scope, gear 16 on the second axle and 14 engagements of the tooth bar of the outer wall that is fixed in apotheca, because the speed of the second axle has been reduced to certain limit, wheel and rack can steadily move slowly, and drive whole electric motor stand and cutterhead part and slowly move downward, realize the compression function to food garbage.

The output shaft of motor 20 lower ends is installed cutterhead 22 and blade 23, utilizes the High Rotation Speed of motor 20 and moves downward, and directly food garbage is fully smashed processing.

After motor 20 and whole milling device dropped to certain position, the block that is positioned on the milling device touched the one stroke switch, 20 counter-rotatings of control motor, and motor 20 and milling device upwards climb, and arrive preset height, touch another travel switch, and motion finishes.

Motor 20 is in the decline process, wire 4 other ends that are connected with milling device are bundled on the closed hatch door 24 of being fixed by spring hinge 33, decline along with milling device, wire 4 drives hatch door 24 and slowly opens by closing, but and the food garbage of smashing the most at last be sent in the drawer 29 of the push-and-pull in the apotheca.

Utilizing at last air blast and heating wire that food garbage is carried out heating, drying processes.

Claims (8)

1. Household treating machine for food rubbish, it is characterized in that: comprise milling device, mobile device, grinding house and apotheca, described milling device is installed in the described grinding house, described mobile device drives described milling device vertical direction in described grinding house and moves, described grinding house is provided with the garbage inlet that is communicated with described grinding house, the connector that described apotheca is provided with garbage outlet and is communicated with described grinding house, described connector is provided with openable hatch door, the sealing of described grinding house is installed on the described apotheca, described milling device comprises power set, slowdown module and blade, described mobile device is connected with an output of described power set by described slowdown module, on another output of described power set blade is installed, described blade is arranged on described in grinding house and in the horizontal direction rotation, it is mobile in vertical direction that described mobile device drives described milling device, described blade top, cutterhead is installed in the rotating shaft, with described rotating shaft rotation, the diameter of described blade and described cutterhead is not less than the diameter of described connector for described cutterhead.
2. Household treating machine for food rubbish according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described power set are motor, described slowdown module adopts turbine and worm mechanism, described mobile device comprises the slide rail that is vertically mounted on the described apotheca, tooth bar and the slide block that is installed on the described power set, described guide block is installed on the described slide block, the upper end output shaft of described motor is connected with described tooth bar by described turbine and worm mechanism and drives described power set by the in-house wheel and rack engagement of described turbine and worm and moves up and down along described tooth bar, and described mobile device is by the stroke of travel switch moving-limiting.
3. Household treating machine for food rubbish according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described apotheca is provided with drying cavity, described apotheca outer wrapping heat insulation foam, described apotheca and described drying cavity are by letting in air and heat-resisting reticulate body is communicated with, be provided with heating wire in the described drying cavity, described drying cavity also is provided with air blast, and described air blast is so that described drying cavity inner air flow enters described apotheca.
4. Household treating machine for food rubbish according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: be provided with the drawer of depositing rubbish in the described apotheca, described drawer passes in and out from described garbage outlet.
5. Household treating machine for food rubbish according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described hatch door is by the vertical mobile interlock of linkage with described milling device, and when described milling device moved down, described hatch door was opened, when described milling device moved up, described hatch door was closed.
6. Household treating machine for food rubbish according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described linkage comprises directive wheel, backguy, one end of described backguy is installed in the top of described milling device, the other end is installed in an end of described hatch door downside by described directive wheel, and the other end of described hatch door is hinged on the connector of described apotheca by spring hinge.
7. Household treating machine for food rubbish according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described apotheca lower end is equipped with support baseboard, and described support baseboard below is equipped with universal rolling wheel.
8. Household treating machine for food rubbish according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cutterhead is 2.4cm apart from blade.
CN201210528119.7A 2012-12-10 2012-12-10 Household food garbage processor CN102989564B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102989564B CN102989564B (en) 2014-09-17

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103418459A (en) * 2013-08-30 2013-12-04 昆山奥德鲁自动化技术有限公司 Crushing device
CN104748370A (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-07-01 钱海荣 Heater for garbage disposer
CN104826714A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-08-12 贵州省长顺黔南山绿色食品有限公司 Pepper grinding device
CN105291467A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-02-03 浙江理工大学 Automatic compressor for household garbage
CN106241115A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-21 吉林大学 A kind of napkin retracting device
CN107837922A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-03-27 俞备东 A kind of feed-processing equipment

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3207203A1 (en) * 1982-02-27 1983-09-08 Artur Richard Greul Process and apparatus for the gasification of household refuse and similar wastes
WO1987001792A1 (en) * 1985-09-23 1987-03-26 Stiftelsen For Industriell Og Teknisk Forskning Ve Method and apparatus for thermal treatment
US5311830A (en) * 1990-02-23 1994-05-17 Thermoselect Aktiengesellschaft Method of energetic and material utilization of waste goods of all kind and device for implementing said method
EP0661368A2 (en) * 1991-06-18 1995-07-05 Thermoselect Aktiengesellschaft Process for the valorisation of waste whereby the waste is thermally treated and subjected to a complete conversion of substances
CN201086086Y (en) * 2007-08-21 2008-07-16 胡爱林 Refuse treatment system
CN201217272Y (en) * 2008-04-15 2009-04-08 卢哲 Garbage compression pulverizer
CN202427514U (en) * 2011-12-21 2012-09-12 东莞福泰电子有限公司 Paper shredder with retractable trash can
CN203061241U (en) * 2012-12-10 2013-07-17 湖南农业大学 Household food waste processor

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3207203A1 (en) * 1982-02-27 1983-09-08 Artur Richard Greul Process and apparatus for the gasification of household refuse and similar wastes
WO1987001792A1 (en) * 1985-09-23 1987-03-26 Stiftelsen For Industriell Og Teknisk Forskning Ve Method and apparatus for thermal treatment
US5311830A (en) * 1990-02-23 1994-05-17 Thermoselect Aktiengesellschaft Method of energetic and material utilization of waste goods of all kind and device for implementing said method
EP0661368A2 (en) * 1991-06-18 1995-07-05 Thermoselect Aktiengesellschaft Process for the valorisation of waste whereby the waste is thermally treated and subjected to a complete conversion of substances
CN201086086Y (en) * 2007-08-21 2008-07-16 胡爱林 Refuse treatment system
CN201217272Y (en) * 2008-04-15 2009-04-08 卢哲 Garbage compression pulverizer
CN202427514U (en) * 2011-12-21 2012-09-12 东莞福泰电子有限公司 Paper shredder with retractable trash can
CN203061241U (en) * 2012-12-10 2013-07-17 湖南农业大学 Household food waste processor

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103418459A (en) * 2013-08-30 2013-12-04 昆山奥德鲁自动化技术有限公司 Crushing device
CN104748370A (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-07-01 钱海荣 Heater for garbage disposer
CN104826714A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-08-12 贵州省长顺黔南山绿色食品有限公司 Pepper grinding device
CN105291467A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-02-03 浙江理工大学 Automatic compressor for household garbage
CN106241115A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-21 吉林大学 A kind of napkin retracting device
CN106241115B (en) * 2016-08-30 2019-04-23 吉林大学 A kind of paper handkerchief recyclable device
CN107837922A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-03-27 俞备东 A kind of feed-processing equipment

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