CN102979332B - A kind of stereo circulating plants cultural method - Google Patents

A kind of stereo circulating plants cultural method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102979332B
CN102979332B CN201210535531.1A CN201210535531A CN102979332B CN 102979332 B CN102979332 B CN 102979332B CN 201210535531 A CN201210535531 A CN 201210535531A CN 102979332 B CN102979332 B CN 102979332B
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layer
layers
cattle
water
mushroom
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CN102979332A (en
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陈德恩
林文智
黄志艺
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Jiuquan youyue Information Technology Co.,Ltd.
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陈德恩
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H5/00Buildings or groups of buildings for industrial or agricultural purposes
    • E04H5/08Buildings or groups of buildings for agricultural purposes

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of stereo circulating plantation cultural method, breed fish in a building, cowboying, cultivated mushroom and planting forage grass, the cattle manure that its cowboying is produced is used as mushroom base material, the Excreta cattle urine of cattle enters methane-generating pit, cattle food-residue is used to breed fish, mushroom base material after harvesting is used for planting forage grass, and biogas slurry pours herbage, and herbage becomes cattle feedstuff.Scientific utilization land resource of the present invention, plants cultural technique using stereo circulating, reduces the occupancy of resource and wastes, and that improves soil is used in mixed way rate.

Description

A kind of stereo circulating plants cultural method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of three-dimensional agriculture production technology method, the especially a kind of stereo circulating plantation in building Cultural technique scheme.
Background technology
China has a large population in a small area, and First, feed the people, and second, build the country, and three want ecological environment, the reasonable of land resource to utilize heavy to closing Will, cause the situation of water and soil resources shortage to cause rationally there is prominent ecological significance in China using soil.
Planting industry at present and aquaculture are all on soil to cultivate and cultivate, and can only hold a kind of industry behaviour on a piece of land Make, do multi industry, with regard to many land occupations.Aboveground space is rationally utilized, the underground space is made full use of, agricultural is more beneficial for various Operation and development.
The content of the invention
For scientific utilization land resource, stereo circulating of the present invention plants cultural technique, and mainly compact and intensive is using soil Ground, while the occupancy of resource is reduced with wasting, improves being used in mixed way for land function.
The stereo circulating plantation cultural technique scheme taken by the present invention, every cattle one produce 1000 kilograms of dry cow dung per year, can Make base material for 60 square metres of mushrooms.To cultivate the planning of 160 cattle, 5 square metres of the average usable floor area of every cattle raises area 800 Square metre, 80 square metres of stair, Cargo Lift, storeroom and operating room, 880 square metres of construction area.
First, long 46 meters, wide 24 meters, 1100 square metres of an area, deep 2.5 meters of heatable adobe sleeping platforms, if heatable adobe sleeping platform are dug in ground grading Infiltration directly can be used less, be seeped water big, and hole bottom and surrounding want consolidation process.
2nd, building main body being built, building foundation being built at hole bottom, ground and building frame are reinforced concrete structure, the first floor height 2.5 meters of degree, 3 meters of the second layer, third layer and the 4th layer height, top layer(Roof)1.5 meters of surrounding enclosure wall height.Building main building Occupy in the middle of heatable adobe sleeping platform, building longitudinal direction left and right and rear end are spaced 2 meters with heatable adobe sleeping platform edge, and longitudinal front end is alignd with heatable adobe sleeping platform.
3rd, ground floor is used to breed fish, and reinforced concrete framework long period of soaking in water, reinforced with waterproof material by framework appearance. The second layer is used for cowboying, along clump to building manger 4,0.6 meter of every width, and cattle bed 4,2 meters of every width, 4, gutter, often 0.2 meter of bar width, footpath 3,1 meter of every width.Third layer and the 4th layer of kind mushroom, put up mushroom bed, floor height 0.5 along longitudinal direction Rice, 1.2 meters of bedside, 0.6 meter of sidewalk width.Top layer planting forage grass, top floor and surrounding enclosure wall are reinforced with waterproof material, heap Put 0.5 meter of soil layer.
4th, a staircase is built between front end one framework of building longitudinal direction, between a lifting Cargo Lift, a storeroom and work Room.Steam boiler is installed in stair and Cargo Lift import and export centre position, and steam boiler steam pipe leads to mushroom layer, protects for sterilizing Temperature.
5th, flush water pump water inlet pipe stretches into heatable adobe sleeping platform pond, and outlet pipe leads to each floor, and two layers of outlet pipe are used to rinse cattle Bed, top layer outlet are used to pour herbage.Biogas slurry pump to top layer is directly poured herbage by biogas slurry water pump.Fresh water pipeline leads to each Layer, two layers of drinking-water for being used for cattle, three layers, four layers and top layer water outlet are used to clean.
6th, pumping equipment, top layer enter heatable adobe sleeping platform pond by drain pipe in rainy season rainwater, three layers, four layers of mushroom house it is clear Scouring water enters heatable adobe sleeping platform pond by drain pipe, and two layers of manger water for cleaning enter heatable adobe sleeping platform pond, cattle bed wash water by drain pipe Methane-generating pit is entered by blow-off pipe with cattle homaluria thing.
7th, methane-generating pit construction, digs long 15 meters, wide 3 meters, a deep 3 meters heatable adobe sleeping platform by heatable adobe sleeping platform, builds according to biogas design drawing Methane-generating pit is made, 120 cubic metres of volume is built.If many cowshed share a methane-generating pit, the volume of methane-generating pit is corresponding in proportion Increase.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, the operation that 4 kinds cultivate and plant is concentrated on to be carried out inside and outside a building, improves Land area utilization rate, forms ecological stereo circulating pattern, saves labour force, reduce and pollute, improve life between plantation and cultivation Produce benefit.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is that a kind of stereo circulating of the invention plants cultural technique schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is a kind of stereo circulating plantation cultural technique building sectional view of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the second layer(Cowboying layer)Top view.
Fig. 4 be third layer, the 4th layer(Mushroom house)Top view.
Fig. 5 is top layer(Planting forage grass)Top view.
Embodiment
In embodiment illustrated in fig. 1, the cattle of raising(1)The feces of generation are used as mushroom(3)Base material, mushroom(3)After harvest Base material as herbage(5)Fertilizer, cattle(1)The urine and flushing sewage of excretion is enteredMethane-generating pit(2), biogas water is used as herding Grass(5)Fertilizer, cattle(1)Food debriss and trough flushing liquor breed fish into fishpond(4), fishpond water pouring herbage(5), herd Grass(5)As the forage feed of cattle.
In embodiment illustrated in fig. 2, on ground(11)Hole cut the earth as fishpond(9), building is built in heatable adobe sleeping platform(10), building , in fishpond, two floor plates are parallel to the ground, two layers for layer(8)Space cowboying(1), three layers, four-level space kind mushroom(3), four layers Roof(6)Planting forage grass(5).
Fig. 3 is two layers of cowboying space top view,(9)It is fishpond,(2)It is to build the methane-generating pit beside fishpond, on fishpond side Water pump is installed(14), one of methane liquid water pump for applying fertilizer to herbage, another water pump take out fishpond water water to herbage and Two layers of cattle bed(23)Rinse.Building corner fixes a drainpipe(19), connect top layer discharge outlet, three layers and four layers of discharge outlet above And two layers of manger(22)Flush discharge mouth, leads to fishpond below.
People's row stair are built on the building front end left side(15), a lifting Cargo Lift is built on the right(18), middle room(17)Make For Medical Treatment Room and storeroom, a steam boiler is built on ground in the middle of the front end(16), boiler steam pipe is towards three layers, four layers.
Building rear end blow-off pipe(21)Connection cattle bed Limber(20), the other end is towards methane-generating pit(2).
Fig. 4 is three layers, four layers of top view, in figure(24)It is water pump pipeline,(25)It is mushroom house storage workplace,(26)It is row The mouth of a river, mushroom bed(27)Longitudinal direction is built, and stays passage between mushroom bed(28).
Fig. 5 is top layer top view,(29)It is top layer storeroom and cultivates Tool Room, top layer discharge outlet(30)Connect with discharge outlet It is logical,(31)It is to cultivate passage,(32)It is pasture growing soil layer.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of stereo circulating plants cultural method, it is characterized in that:A square hole, the building iron cement in hole are dug on ground Building, 4 layers of building, one layer is breeded fish, two layers of cowboying, three layers, four layers of kind mushroom, top layer kind herbage;
Ground floor is used to breed fish, and reinforced concrete framework long period of soaking in water, reinforced with waterproof material by framework appearance;The second layer is used In cowboying, along clump to building manger 4,0.6 meter of every width, cattle bed 4,2 meters of every width, 4, gutter, every width 0.2 meter, footpath 3,1 meter of every width;Third layer and the 4th layer of kind mushroom, put up mushroom bed, 0.5 meter of floor height, bed along longitudinal direction Wide 1.2 meters, 0.6 meter of sidewalk width, top layer planting forage grass, top floor and surrounding enclosure wall are reinforced with waterproof material, stack soil 0.5 meter of layer;
A staircase is built between front end one framework of building longitudinal direction, between a lifting Cargo Lift, a storeroom and operating room, stair Steam boiler is installed with Cargo Lift import and export centre position, steam boiler steam pipe leads to mushroom layer, for sterilizing and heat-preserving;
Flush water pump water inlet pipe stretches into heatable adobe sleeping platform pond, and outlet pipe leads to each floor, and two layers of outlet pipe are used to rinse cattle bed, and top layer goes out The mouth of a river is used to pour herbage, and biogas slurry pump to top layer is directly poured herbage by biogas slurry water pump, and fresh water pipeline leads to each layer, and two layers are used for The drinking-water of cattle, three layers, four layers and top layer water outlet are used to clean;
Pumping equipment, top layer enter heatable adobe sleeping platform pond by drain pipe in rainy season rainwater, three layers, four layers of mushroom house water for cleaning by Drain pipe enters heatable adobe sleeping platform pond, and two layers of manger water for cleaning enter heatable adobe sleeping platform pond, cattle bed wash water and cattle urine row by drain pipe Let out thing and methane-generating pit is entered by blow-off pipe.
CN201210535531.1A 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 A kind of stereo circulating plants cultural method Active CN102979332B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103195270B (en) * 2013-04-09 2013-12-11 山东佳源农牧科技发展有限公司 Comprehensive planting, cultivation and ensiling circulating system and method
CN103918479B (en) * 2014-04-13 2016-04-27 荆门华中农业开发有限公司 Scale steer ration field waste comprehensive utilization process
CN106468108A (en) * 2015-08-18 2017-03-01 南充市嘉陵区金玉养殖专业合作社 A kind of new and effective Agro-ecology blood circulation
CN108203207A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-06-26 苏州农业职业技术学院 A kind of farm water circulation of culture zone rain dirt separation utilizes system
CN109041950A (en) * 2018-09-28 2018-12-21 桐城市牯牛背农业开发有限公司 A kind of dual-purpose greenhouse of plantation breeding ecological circulation

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JPH1023837A (en) * 1996-07-09 1998-01-27 Kenichirou Nagamori Plant for food production
CN1213496A (en) * 1997-10-08 1999-04-14 余祥练 Multifunctional house planting and growing setting method
CN1303591A (en) * 1999-11-26 2001-07-18 陈贤根 High-effective multilayer breeding farm
CN101235678A (en) * 2007-01-18 2008-08-06 吴庆元 Multiple stereo utilization method for land
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