CN102979332A - Three-dimensional circulating planting and breeding technology - Google Patents

Three-dimensional circulating planting and breeding technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102979332A
CN102979332A CN2012105355311A CN201210535531A CN102979332A CN 102979332 A CN102979332 A CN 102979332A CN 2012105355311 A CN2012105355311 A CN 2012105355311A CN 201210535531 A CN201210535531 A CN 201210535531A CN 102979332 A CN102979332 A CN 102979332A
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China
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layers
building
layer
mushroom
cattle
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CN2012105355311A
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CN102979332B (en
Inventor
陈德恩
林文智
黄志艺
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Jiuquan youyue Information Technology Co.,Ltd.
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陈德恩
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H5/00Buildings or groups of buildings for industrial or agricultural purposes
    • E04H5/08Buildings or groups of buildings for agricultural purposes

Abstract

The invention discloses a three-dimensional circulating planting and breeding technology, which is characterized in that fish and cattle are cultivated and mushrooms and forage grass are planted inside a building, cow dung produced by the cattle can be used as mushroom base stock, bovine urine of the cattle enters a methane tank, cattle feed residue is used for culturing the fish, the mushroom base stock after the mushroom is harvested is used for planting the forage grass, the methane fluid is used for irrigating the forage grass, and the forage grass is used as the cattle feed. Due to the adoption of the three-dimensional circulating planting and breeding technology, the land resource is scientifically utilized, the occupation and waste of resource can be reduced, and the mixed utilization rate of the land can be increased.

Description

A kind of stereo circulating plantation cultural technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of three-dimensional agriculture production technology method, especially a kind of stereo circulating plantation cultural technique scheme in building.
Background technology
China has a large population in a small area, and First, feed the people, and second, build the country, and three want ecological environment, and rationally utilizing of land resources is most important, causes the situation of water and soil resources shortage so that rationally utilize the soil to have outstanding ecological significance in China.
At present plant husbandry and aquaculture all are to cultivate and cultivate in the soil, can only hold a kind of industry operation on a piece of land, do diversified economy, with regard to many land occupations.Rationally utilize aboveground space, take full advantage of the underground space, more be conducive to the diversified agricultural economy development.
Summary of the invention
For scientific utilization land resources, stereo circulating of the present invention plantation cultural technique mainly is compact intensive utilization soil, reduce resource take with waste in, improve the mixing of land function and use.
The stereo circulating plantation cultural technique scheme that the present invention takes, every ox one is produced per year and does 1000 kilograms of cow dungs, can make base-material for 60 square metres of mushrooms.Cultivating the planning of 160 oxen, 5 square metres of every average usable floor areas of ox are raised 800 square metres of areas, 80 square metres of stair, Cargo Lift, storage room and service depots, 880 square metres of building areas.
One, ground grading dig one long 46 meters, wide 24 meters, 1100 square metres of areas, dark 2.5 meters heatable adobe sleeping platforms, if heatable adobe sleeping platform infiltration can directly be used less, it is large seep water, cheats the end and wants consolidation process all around.
Two, build the building main body, build building foundation in the end in the hole, ground and building frame are the reinforced concrete structure, and 2.5 meters of first floor height, 3 meters of the second layer, the 3rd layer and the 4th layer heights, top layer (roof) be 1.5 meters of enclosure wall height all around.The building main building occupies in the middle of the heatable adobe sleeping platform, 2 meters at about building is vertical and rear end and interval, heatable adobe sleeping platform edge, and vertically front end aligns with heatable adobe sleeping platform.
Three, first floor is used for breeding fish, and reinforced concrete framework long period of soaking is in water, and the framework appearance is reinforced with waterproofing materials.The second layer is used for cowboying, along clump to building 4 of mangers, and 0.6 meter of every width, 4 of ox beds, 2 meters of every width, 4 in gutter, 0.2 meter of every width, 3 on sidewalk, 1 meter of every width.The 3rd layer and the 4th layer of kind mushroom are longitudinally put up the mushroom bed, 0.5 meter of floor height, 1.2 meters of bedsides, 0.6 meter of sidewalk width.The top layer planting forage grass, enclosure wall was reinforced with waterproofing materials around top floor reached, and stacked 0.5 meter of soil layer.
Four, build a staircase between framework of the vertical front end of building, between a lifting Cargo Lift, storage room and service depot.Steam heating boiler is installed in stair and Cargo Lift import and export centre position, and the steam heating boiler steam pipe leads to the mushroom layer, is used for sterilizing and heat-preserving.
Five, the flush water pump water inlet pipe stretches into the heatable adobe sleeping platform pond, and outlet pipe leads to each floor, and two layers of outlet pipe are used for flushing ox bed, and the top layer delivery port is used for pouring herbage.Natural pond liquid water pump directly waters herbage with the natural pond liquid pump to top layer.Fresh water pipeline leads to each layer, two layers of drinking-water that is used for ox, and three layers, four layers and top layer water outlet are used for cleaning.
Six, drainage, top layer rainy season rainwater enter the heatable adobe sleeping platform pond by gutter, three layers, four layers mushroom house water for cleaning enter the heatable adobe sleeping platform pond by gutter, and two layers of manger water for cleaning enter the heatable adobe sleeping platform pond by gutter, and ox bed wash water and ox homaluria thing enter biomass pool by blow-off pipe.
Seven, biomass pool construction, heatable adobe sleeping platform other dig one long 15 meters, wide 3 meters, dark 3 meters heatable adobe sleeping platform is built biomass pool according to the biogas plan, builds 120 cubic metres of volumes.If many cowshed share a biomass pool, the volume of biomass pool is corresponding increase in proportion.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, the operations of 4 kinds of cultivation and plantation are carried out inside and outside concentrating on a building, improve the land area utilization rate, form ecological stereo circulating pattern between plantation and the cultivation, save the labour, reduce and pollute, the raising productivity effect.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of stereo circulating plantation of the present invention cultural technique schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is a kind of stereo circulating plantation of the present invention cultural technique building sectional view.
Fig. 3 is the second layer (cowboying layer) top view.
Fig. 4 is the 3rd layer, the 4th layer (mushroom house) top view.
Fig. 5 is top layer (planting forage grass) top view.
Embodiment
In embodiment illustrated in fig. 1, the ight soil that the ox (1) of raising produces is as the base-material of mushroom (3), base-material after mushroom (3) harvest is as the fertilizer of herbage (5), the urine that ox (1) drains and flushing sewage enter biomass pool (2), biomass pool water is as herbage (5) fertilizer, the swill of ox (1) and trough flushing liquor enter the fishpond and breed fish (4), and fishpond Chi Shui waters herbage (5), and herbage (5) is as the forage feed of ox.
In embodiment illustrated in fig. 2, (11) cut the earth the hole as fishpond (9) on ground, build building (10) in heatable adobe sleeping platform, building one deck is in the fishpond, and two floor plates are parallel to the ground, two sheaf space cowboying (8), three layers, four-level space kind mushroom (7), four floor top planting forage grasses (6).
Fig. 3 is two layers of cowboying space top view, (13) be the fishpond, (12) are that building is at next door, fishpond biomass pool, at limit, fishpond installation water pump (14), one of them methane liquid water pump is used for to the herbage fertilising, and another water pump takes out that fishpond water waters to herbage and two layers of ox bed (23) flushing.Four jiaos in building fix a drainpipe (19), the above connects top layer outfall, three layers and four layers of outfall and two layers of manger (22) flush discharge mouth, and the below is led to the fishpond.
People's Bank of China's stair (15) are built on the building front end left side, and a lifting Cargo Lift (18) is built on the right, and (17) build a steam heating boiler (16) as Medical Treatment Room and storage room on the middle ground of front end between middle cubicle, and boiler steam pipe leads to three layers, four layers.
Building rear end blow-off pipe (21) connects ox bed Limber (20), and the other end leads to biomass pool (12).
Fig. 4 is three layers, four layers top view, and (24) are water pump pipelines among the figure, and (25) are mushroom room storage workplaces, and (26) are outfall, and mushroom bed (27) is vertically built, and stays passage (28) between the mushroom bed.
Fig. 5 is the top layer top view, and (29) are the top layer storerooms and cultivate Tool Room, and top layer outfall (30) and outfall (19), (26) are communicated with, and (31) are to cultivate passage, and (32) are the pasture growing soil layers.

Claims (5)

1. a stereo circulating is planted cultural technique, it is characterized in that: dig a square hole on ground, and building iron cement building in the hole, 4 layers in building, one deck is breeded fish, two layers of cowboying, three layers, four layers kinds mushroom, top layer kind herbage.
2. described according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: building constructions is in square hole, and one deck can discharge water in the hole and breed fish below the ground line.
3. described according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: two layers of cowboying of building.
4. described according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: three layers, four layers cultivated mushroom of building.
5. described according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: top layer roof planting herbage.
CN201210535531.1A 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 A kind of stereo circulating plants cultural method Active CN102979332B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103195270A (en) * 2013-04-09 2013-07-10 山东佳源农牧科技发展有限公司 Comprehensive planting, cultivation and ensiling circulating system and method
CN103918479A (en) * 2014-04-13 2014-07-16 荆门华中农业开发有限公司 Waste comprehensive utilization process of large-scale beef cattle farms
CN106468108A (en) * 2015-08-18 2017-03-01 南充市嘉陵区金玉养殖专业合作社 A kind of new and effective Agro-ecology blood circulation
CN109041950A (en) * 2018-09-28 2018-12-21 桐城市牯牛背农业开发有限公司 A kind of dual-purpose greenhouse of plantation breeding ecological circulation

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN108203207A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-06-26 苏州农业职业技术学院 A kind of farm water circulation of culture zone rain dirt separation utilizes system

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CN101088320A (en) * 2007-06-30 2007-12-19 邱八连 Stereo rice field cultivation method
CN101235678A (en) * 2007-01-18 2008-08-06 吴庆元 Multiple stereo utilization method for land
CN102587702A (en) * 2011-01-07 2012-07-18 严士立 Overhead ecological agriculture workshop
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JPH1023837A (en) * 1996-07-09 1998-01-27 Kenichirou Nagamori Plant for food production
CN1213496A (en) * 1997-10-08 1999-04-14 余祥练 Multifunctional house planting and growing setting method
CN1303591A (en) * 1999-11-26 2001-07-18 陈贤根 High-effective multilayer breeding farm
CN101235678A (en) * 2007-01-18 2008-08-06 吴庆元 Multiple stereo utilization method for land
CN101088320A (en) * 2007-06-30 2007-12-19 邱八连 Stereo rice field cultivation method
CN102587702A (en) * 2011-01-07 2012-07-18 严士立 Overhead ecological agriculture workshop
WO2012154145A1 (en) * 2011-05-11 2012-11-15 Visnovatiy Anatoliy Isaakovich Vertical mini-farm

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103195270A (en) * 2013-04-09 2013-07-10 山东佳源农牧科技发展有限公司 Comprehensive planting, cultivation and ensiling circulating system and method
CN103918479A (en) * 2014-04-13 2014-07-16 荆门华中农业开发有限公司 Waste comprehensive utilization process of large-scale beef cattle farms
CN103918479B (en) * 2014-04-13 2016-04-27 荆门华中农业开发有限公司 Scale steer ration field waste comprehensive utilization process
CN106468108A (en) * 2015-08-18 2017-03-01 南充市嘉陵区金玉养殖专业合作社 A kind of new and effective Agro-ecology blood circulation
CN109041950A (en) * 2018-09-28 2018-12-21 桐城市牯牛背农业开发有限公司 A kind of dual-purpose greenhouse of plantation breeding ecological circulation

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Effective date of registration: 20190118

Address after: 610000 5th Floor, Xiongfei Center, No. 1 Tidu Street, Qingyang District, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province

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