CN102975690A - Automobile locking system and method thereof - Google Patents

Automobile locking system and method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102975690A
CN102975690A CN2011102591695A CN201110259169A CN102975690A CN 102975690 A CN102975690 A CN 102975690A CN 2011102591695 A CN2011102591695 A CN 2011102591695A CN 201110259169 A CN201110259169 A CN 201110259169A CN 102975690 A CN102975690 A CN 102975690A
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China
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data
face
user
car
locking
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CN2011102591695A
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Chinese (zh)
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陶勇刚
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上海博泰悦臻电子设备制造有限公司
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Priority to CN2011102591695A priority Critical patent/CN102975690A/en
Publication of CN102975690A publication Critical patent/CN102975690A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides an automobile locking system and a method of the automobile locking. The automobile locking system comprises a camera which is used for collecting face data of users, a face identification unit which is used for identifying and verifying the face data and judging whether the users are authorized and an automobile controller. The automobile is unlocked if the user is authorized, otherwise the automobile remains to be locked. The automobile locking system and the method of the automobile locking have the advantages of being convenient to use and capable of improving safety.

Description

汽车锁定系统及方法 Car locking system and method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及汽车安全技术,尤其涉及一种汽车锁定系统及方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to vehicle safety technology, and particularly relates to a system and method for locking cars.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着汽车工业技术的发展,个人汽车的保有量也越来越大。 [0002] With the development of automobile industry technology, personal car ownership is also growing. 现有技术中,汽车的锁定与解锁主要是通过专用的控制部件来实现的,例如车钥匙之类,使得用户能够将车辆锁定或是解锁。 In the prior art, locking and unlocking the car is mainly achieved by specific control components, such as car keys or the like, so that the user can lock or unlock the vehicle.

[0003] 但是传统的例如车钥匙等控制部件往往需要用户随身携带,使用不方便,而且容易丢失,丢失后会导致用户在一定时间内无法正常使用车辆,而且丢失后还会造成潜在的危险,其他恶意人员获取该控制部件后,可能会导致车辆失窃。 [0003] However, the conventional example, car keys and other control components often require users to carry, convenient to use, and easy to lose, will lead to the loss of normal users can not use the vehicle within a certain time, but it will result in the loss of potential danger, after other malicious people to acquire the control unit may cause the vehicle stolen.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种汽车锁定系统及方法,便于使用而且能够提高车辆的安全性。 [0004] The present invention is to solve the technical problem to provide a system and method for locking cars, ease of use and safety of the vehicle can be improved.

[0005] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明提供了一种汽车锁定系统,包括: [0005] In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a vehicle locking system, comprising:

[0006] 摄像头,用于采集用户的人脸数据; [0006] camera for user's face data collection;

[0007] 人脸识别单元,用于对所述人脸数据进行识别和验证,判定所述用户是否是授权用户; [0007] The face recognition unit for identification and verification of the face data, determines whether the user is an authorized user;

[0008] 汽车控制器,若所述用户是授权用户则解锁汽车,否则保持所述汽车被锁定。 [0008] car controller, if the user is an authorized user to unlock the car, or keeping the car is locked.

[0009] 可选地,所述人脸识别单元包括: [0009] Alternatively, the recognition unit comprises:

[0010] 人脸捕获模块,用于将所述人脸数据中的人脸与背景分离,并提取所述人脸的特征数据; [0010] Capture module face, for the face data of the face and background separation, and extracting the facial feature data;

[0011] 权限验证模块,将所述人脸的特征数据与数据库中已登记的人像进行对比,判定所述用户是否是授权用户。 [0011] Privilege verifier module, the facial feature data registered in the database and comparing the portrait, it is determined whether the user is an authorized user.

[0012] 可选地,所述数据库为存储在所述人脸识别单元中的本地数据库,或存储在远程服务器中的网络数据库。 [0012] Alternatively, the database is a local database stored in the recognition unit, or a network database stored in the remote server.

[0013] 可选地,所述人脸识别单元还包括: [0013] Alternatively, the recognition unit further comprises:

[0014] 数据质量检测模块,用于接收所述摄像头产生的人脸数据并对其进行数据质量评估,若所述人脸数据的评估值高于预设评估值则将其传输至所述人脸捕获模块,否则控制所述摄像头重新采集所述人脸数据。 [0014] The data quality detection module for receiving said camera generating face data and its data quality evaluation, if the evaluation value data is higher than a preset facial evaluation value which will be transmitted to the human a face capture module, the camera control or re-acquire the face data.

[0015] 可选地,所述汽车锁定系统还包括: [0015] Alternatively, the auto locking system further comprises:

[0016] 真人鉴别单元,用于提示所述用户进行脸部表情的变化,以判定所述用户是否为真实的人。 [0016] Live discriminating unit, for prompting the user to change the facial expression to determine whether the user is a real person.

[0017] 可选地,所述人脸数据为图像数据或视频数据。 [0017] Optionally, the face data is image data or video data.

[0018] 本发明还提供了一种汽车锁定方法,包括: [0018] The present invention further provides a method of locking a motor vehicle, comprising:

[0019] 采集用户的人脸数据;[0020] 对所述人脸数据进行识别和验证,判定所述用户是否是授权用户; [0019] Data collected user's face; [0020] the face recognition and verification data, determines whether the user is an authorized user;

[0021] 若所述用户是授权用户则解锁汽车,否则保持所述汽车被锁定。 [0021] If the user is an authorized user to unlock the car, or keeping the car is locked.

[0022] 可选地,对所述人脸数据进行识别和验证,判定所述用户是否是授权用户包括: [0022] Alternatively, the face recognition and verification data, determines whether the user is an authorized user comprising:

[0023] 将所述人脸数据中的人脸与背景分离,并提取所述人脸的特征数据; [0023] The face data of the face and background separation, and extracting the facial feature data;

[0024] 将所述人脸的特征数据与数据库中已登记的人像进行对比,判定所述用户是否是授权用户。 [0024] The facial feature data registered in the database and comparing the portrait, it is determined whether the user is an authorized user.

[0025] 可选地,所述数据库为本地数据库或存储在远程服务器中的网络数据库。 [0025] Alternatively, the network database is a local database or a database stored on a remote server.

[0026] 可选地,在将所述人脸数据中的人脸与背景分离之前,还包括:对所述人脸数据进行数据质量评估,若所述人脸数据的评估值高于预设评估值则将其中的人脸与背景分离,否则重新采集所述人脸数据。 Before [0026] Alternatively, the face and the background in the face data is separated, further comprising: a data quality evaluation data of the human face, the face evaluation value if the data is higher than a preset background of the human face and wherein the evaluation value will be isolated, or re-acquire the face data.

[0027] 可选地,所述汽车锁定方法还包括:提示所述用户进行脸部表情的变化,以判定所述用户是否为真实的人。 [0027] Optionally, the method further comprising locking cars: prompting the user to change the facial expression to determine whether the user is a real person.

[0028] 可选地,所述人脸数据为图像数据或视频数据。 [0028] Optionally, the face data is image data or video data.

[0029] 与现有技术相比,本发明具有以下优点: [0029] Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:

[0030] 本发明实施例的汽车锁定系统及方法中,对采集的用户人脸数据进行识别和验证,以判断用户是否是授权用户,如果是的话则解锁汽车,否则保持汽车被锁定,因而用户并不需要携带额外的控制部件,仅通过人脸数据的采集就可以实现汽车的锁定与解锁,使用过程更加快捷方便,安全性也更高。 [0030] Cars embodiment of the present invention, locking systems and methods, the collected user face data for identification and verification to determine whether the user is an authorized user, and if so unlocking cars, will remain at the automobile is locked, so that the user does not need to carry an extra control unit, only by face data acquisition can be achieved and lock the car unlocked, use the process more convenient, security is also higher.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0031]图I为本发明实施例的汽车锁定系统的结构框图; System block diagram of an embodiment of the car [0031] of the present invention, FIG. I locked;

[0032] 图2为本发明实施例的汽车锁定方法的流程示意图。 [0032] FIG 2 a schematic flowchart of a method of the vehicle according to embodiments of the present invention locking.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0033] 现有技术往往是通过车钥匙等额外的控制部件来实现汽车的锁定和解锁,使用较为不便,而且具有潜在的安全性问题。 [0033] prior art is often achieved by additional control components such as car keys to lock and unlock the car, use less convenient, but also has potential security issues.

[0034] 本发明实施例的汽车锁定系统及方法中,对采集的用户人脸数据进行识别和验证,以判断用户是否是授权用户,如果是的话则解锁汽车,否则保持汽车被锁定,因而用户并不需要携带额外的控制部件,仅通过人脸数据的采集就可以实现汽车的锁定与解锁,使用过程更加快捷方便,安全性也更高。 [0034] Cars embodiment of the present invention, locking systems and methods, the collected user face data for identification and verification to determine whether the user is an authorized user, and if so unlocking cars, will remain at the automobile is locked, so that the user does not need to carry an extra control unit, only by face data acquisition can be achieved and lock the car unlocked, use the process more convenient, security is also higher.

[0035] 下面结合具体实施例和附图对本发明作进一步说明,但不应以此限制本发明的保护范围。 [0035] The following embodiments in conjunction with specific embodiments and drawings the present invention is further illustrated, but should not be used to limit the scope of the present invention.

[0036]图I示出了本实施例的汽车锁定系统的结构框图,包括:摄像头11,用于采集用户的人脸数据;人脸识别单元12,用于对上述人脸数据进行识别和验证,判定该用户是否是授权用户;汽车控制器13,若该用户是授权用户则解锁汽车,否则保持汽车被锁定。 [0036] FIG I shows a car according to the present embodiment is a block diagram of the lock system, comprising: a camera 11, a user data collecting face; the face recognition unit 12 for the above-described face identification and authentication data determining whether the user is an authorized user; automotive controller 13, if the user is an authorized user to unlock the car, otherwise keep the car is locked. 此外,本实施例的汽车锁定系统还包括:真人鉴别单元14,用于提示用户进行脸部表情的变化,以判定用户为真实的人。 Furthermore, the automobile of the present embodiment the locking system further comprising: a real discriminating unit 14 for prompting the user to change the facial expression to determine who the user is authentic.

[0037] 具体的,摄像头11所采集的人脸数据可以是图像数据,即拍摄的静态图片;也可以是视频数据,即拍摄的动态视频。 [0037] Specifically, the face data acquired camera head 11 may be image data, i.e., still pictures; may be video data, i.e., captured motion video. 摄像头11安装位置可以是在驾驶室中,用于采集希望发动汽车的用户的人脸数据,也可以是在车门上,用于采集希望进入汽车的用户的人脸数据。 11 camera installation position may be in the cab, used to capture face data users want to launch the car can also be on the door, face data users wishing to enter a car for acquisition.

[0038] 真人鉴别单元14可以用于鉴别在摄像头11前的是真实的人还是一副照片或是模型。 [0038] reality identification unit 14 may be used to identify in front of the camera 11 is a real person or a photograph or model. 在实际应用中,真人鉴别单元14可以通过语音和/或图像之类的输出模块提示用户进行表情的变化,并将采集到的相应的人脸数据传输至人脸识别单元12,用以判断所采集到的人脸数据中的表情变化是否是所要求的表情变化,从而实现是否是真实的人的验证。 Corresponding to the face recognition data transmission unit In practice, real discrimination unit 14 can be varied by expression voice and / or image or the like output module prompts the user, and collected 12, is used to determine the whether changes in the expression of the human face to capture data changes in the expression is required in order to achieve whether it is real human verification.

[0039] 本实施例中,人脸识别单元12进一步包括:数据质量检测模块121,用于接收摄像头11产生的人脸数据并对其进行数据质量评估,若该人脸数据的评估值高于预设评估值则将其传输至人脸捕获模块122,否则控制摄像头11重新采集人脸数据;人脸捕获模块122,用于将数据质量检测模块121传输的人脸数据中的人脸与背景分离,并提取所分离出的人脸的特征数据;权限验证模块123,将所分离出的人脸的特征数据与数据库124中已登记的人像进行对比,判定用户是否是授权用户;数据库124,用于记录和存储已登记的人像。 [0039] In this embodiment, the face recognition unit 12 further comprises: detecting a data quality module 121 for receiving the face image data generated by the head 11 and subjected to quality assessment data, if the evaluation value data is higher than the face preset evaluation value then it is transmitted to a human face capture module 122, otherwise control the camera 11 reacquire face data; face capture module 122, the data quality for human face detection module 121 transmit data and background face separated and extracted feature data separated face; permission verification module 123, the feature data of the separated face database 124 registered portrait comparison, determines whether the user is an authorized user; database 124, for recording and storing registered portrait.

[0040] 数据质量检测模块121对摄像头11所采集的人脸数据进行数据质量方面的评估,包括图像数据或视频数据的质量,例如可以获取图像噪声、模糊系数等参数,用于确定其数据质量的评估值,当该评估值高于预设评估值,即一个阈值时,认为其质量合格,能够被后续模块识别;当该评估值小于该预设评估值时,则认为其质量不合格,后续模块可能无法识另Ij,从而进一步控制摄像头11重新采集人脸数据。 [0040] The data quality detection module 121 human face data of the imaging head 11 is collected to assess the quality of the data, including the quality of the image data or video data, for example, acquisition parameters image noise, blur coefficient for determining data quality the evaluation value when the evaluation value higher than a preset evaluation value, i.e. a threshold that its quality standards, can be identified subsequent module; when the evaluation value is smaller than the predetermined evaluation value, it is considered substandard quality, subsequent module may not recognize the other Ij, to further control the camera 11 face data reacquired. 其中,预设评估值是根据人脸捕获模块122、权限验证模块123等所能识别的数据质量的下限所预先定义的阈值。 Wherein the evaluation value is preset lower limit threshold value according to a face capture module 122, rights verification module 123 and the like can recognize the quality of the data defined in advance.

[0041] 摄像头11所采集的人脸数据中其实主要包含了人脸和背景两个部分,人脸捕获模块122首先判断所采集的人脸数据中是否存在人脸,如果存在人脸,则进一步将其与背景分离。 [0041] The face data the camera 11 acquired in fact mainly consists of two partial face and the background, whether there is a face face capture module 122 first determines whether the acquired face data, if there is a human face, it is further It is separated from the background. 如果人脸数据是视频数据的话,还需要对人脸进行跟踪,即当人脸在视频中的不同帧画面内发生移动时,需要对其进行自动跟踪。 If the face data is video data, then also you need to track the face, i.e., when the face moves in different video frames, it needs to be tracked automatically.

[0042] 人脸捕获模块122之后对分离出的人脸进行特征数据的提取,该特征数据可以包括主要面部器官的位置、大小等,但并不限于此。 After [0042] The capture module 122 face the isolated extracted face characteristic data, the characteristic data may include a position of the main organs of the face, size, etc., but is not limited thereto.

[0043] 权限验证模块123将所提取出的特征数据与数据库124已登记的人像数据进行比对,以判断当前用户是否是已经登记至数据库124中的授权用户。 [0043] The permission verification module 123 mentioned portrait data extracted feature data registered with the database 124 for comparison to determine whether the current user is the authorized user has been registered to the database 124. 如果比对结果表明当前用户的人脸数据与数据库124中的人像符合,则表明当前用户有权将汽车解锁,汽车控制器13进而根据该验证结果将汽车解锁;否则表明当前用户并不是授权用户,则汽车控制器13保持对汽车的锁定状态,使得车辆无法启动。 If the comparison result indicates that the current user face data and database 124 portraits in line, it indicates that the current user has the right to unlock the car, the car controller 13 and then unlock the car based on the verification results; otherwise it indicates that the current user is not an authorized user , the car controller 13 to keep the car locked state, so that the vehicle can not be started.

[0044] 本实施例中,数据库124为存储在人脸识别单元12中的本地数据库,在其他实施例中,也可以是存储在网络服务器中的远程服务器。 [0044] In this embodiment, database 124 is stored in the local database the face recognition unit 12, in other embodiments, may be a remote server in a network storage server.

[0045] 在一具体实施例中,用户开启车门时或是进入汽车驾驶室时,摄像头11对其进行拍照或录制视频,以进行人脸数据的采集,采集过程中,真人鉴别单元14可以对当前用户是否是真实的人进行判定;之后人脸识别单元12对该人脸数据进行识别和比对,从而能够判定当前用户是否是授权用户,若是授权用户则汽车控制器13控制汽车解锁,即用户可以开启车门进入车内,或是用户可以发动汽车。 [0045] In a particular embodiment, the doors are opened or when the user enters the vehicle cabin, the camera 11 taking pictures or recording video subjected to the face data acquisition, acquisition process, real discriminating unit 14 may whether the current user is a real person determination; face data after recognition of the identifying unit 12 and comparison, thereby determining whether the current user is an authorized user, an authorized user if the car controller 13 controls the unlocking cars, i.e. users can open the door into the car, or the user can start the car.

[0046] 由于本实施例的汽车解锁过程是通过采集用户的人脸数据自动进行的,并不需要额外的控制部件,其使用过程更加方便,也能够避免控制部件丢失导致的潜在的危险,安全系数更高。 [0046] As the car unlocking process of the present embodiment is carried out automatically by the user's face data collection does not require additional control means, which is more convenient to use, it is possible to avoid losing control of potentially dangerous components caused safety higher coefficient.

[0047] 本实施例还提供了一种汽车锁定方法,如图2所示,包括: [0047] The present embodiment further provides a method of locking a motor vehicle, shown in Figure 2, comprising:

[0048] 步骤S21,采集用户的人脸数据; [0048] step S21, the data acquired user's face;

[0049] 步骤S22,对所述人脸数据进行识别和验证,判定所述用户是否是授权用户; [0049] Step S22, the face of the identification and verification data, determines whether the user is an authorized user;

[0050] 步骤S23,若所述用户是授权用户则解锁汽车,否则保持所述汽车被锁定。 [0050] Step S23, if the user is an authorized user to unlock the car, or keeping the car is locked.

[0051] 关于该方法的更多详细信息请参见前述实施例中的汽车锁定系统的描述,这里不再赘述。 [0051] For more details on this process see the foregoing description of embodiments of the locking system according cars will not be repeated here.

[0052] 本发明虽然以较佳实施例公开如上,但其并不是用来限定本发明,任何本领域技术人员在不脱离本发明的精神和范围内,都可以做出可能的变动和修改,因此本发明的保护范围应当以本发明权利要求所界定的范围为准。 [0052] Although the preferred embodiments of the present invention disclosed in the above embodiments, but not intended to limit the present invention, anyone skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, can be made possible variations and modifications, Therefore, the scope of the invention as claimed in the present invention should be defined by the scope of the subject claims.

Claims (12)

1. 一种汽车锁定系统,其特征在于,包括: 摄像头,用于采集用户的人脸数据; 人脸识别单元,用于对所述人脸数据进行识别和验证,判定所述用户是否是授权用户; 汽车控制器,若所述用户是授权用户则解锁汽车,否则保持所述汽车被锁定。 1. A vehicle locking system comprising: a camera configured to capture a user's face data; recognition unit for the facial recognition and verification data, determines whether the user is authorized users; automotive controller, if the user is an authorized user to unlock the car, or keeping the car is locked.
2.根据权利要求I所述的汽车锁定系统,其特征在于,所述人脸识别单元包括: 人脸捕获模块,用于将所述人脸数据中的人脸与背景分离,并提取所述人脸的特征数据; 权限验证模块,将所述人脸的特征数据与数据库中已登记的人像进行对比,判定所述用户是否是授权用户。 2. The car as claimed in claim I locking system, characterized in that said recognition unit comprises: a face capture module for the face data of the face and background separation, and extracting the face characteristic data; permission verification module, said facial feature data registered in the database and comparing the portrait, it is determined whether the user is an authorized user.
3.根据权利要求2所述的汽车锁定系统,其特征在于,所述数据库为存储在所述人脸识别单元中的本地数据库,或存储在远程服务器中的网络数据库。 Automobile according to claim 2, wherein said locking system, characterized in that the database is a local database stored in the recognition unit, or a network database stored in the remote server.
4.根据权利要求2所述的汽车锁定系统,其特征在于,所述人脸识别单元还包括: 数据质量检测模块,用于接收所述摄像头产生的人脸数据并对其进行数据质量评估,若所述人脸数据的评估值高于预设评估值则将其传输至所述人脸捕获模块,否则控制所述摄像头重新采集所述人脸数据。 The automobile according to claim 2, wherein the locking system, wherein the recognition unit further comprises: detecting a data quality module configured to receive the camera generated face data and its data quality assessment, If the evaluation value of the face data is higher than a predetermined evaluation value which will be transmitted to said face capture module, the camera control or re-acquire the face data.
5.根据权利要求I所述的汽车锁定系统,其特征在于,还包括: 真人鉴别单元,用于提示所述用户进行脸部表情的变化,以判定所述用户是否为真实的人。 The automobile according to claim I of the locking system, characterized by, further comprising: a real discriminating unit, for prompting the user to change the facial expression to determine whether the user is a real person.
6.根据权利要求I所述的汽车锁定系统,其特征在于,所述人脸数据为图像数据或视频数据。 6. The car as claimed in claim I locking system, characterized in that the facial image data as data or video data.
7. 一种汽车锁定方法,其特征在于,包括: 采集用户的人脸数据; 对所述人脸数据进行识别和验证,判定所述用户是否是授权用户; 若所述用户是授权用户则解锁汽车,否则保持所述汽车被锁定。 7. A method for locking an automobile, characterized by comprising: a user data acquisition face; the face identification and verification data, determines whether the user is an authorized user; if the user is an authorized user unlocks car, or keeping the car is locked.
8.根据权利要求7所述的汽车锁定方法,其特征在于,对所述人脸数据进行识别和验证,判定所述用户是否是授权用户包括: 将所述人脸数据中的人脸与背景分离,并提取所述人脸的特征数据; 将所述人脸的特征数据与数据库中已登记的人像进行对比,判定所述用户是否是授权用户。 8. The car locking method of claim 7, wherein the face recognition and verification data, determines whether the user is an authorized user comprising: the face data of the face and the background separated, and extracts the characteristic data of the face; the face characteristic data registered in the database and comparing the portrait, it is determined whether the user is an authorized user.
9.根据权利要求8所述的汽车锁定方法,其特征在于,所述数据库为本地数据库或存储在远程服务器中的网络数据库。 9. The car locking method of claim 8, wherein said network database is a local database or a database stored on a remote server.
10.根据权利要求8所述的汽车锁定方法,其特征在于,在将所述人脸数据中的人脸与背景分离之前,还包括:对所述人脸数据进行数据质量评估,若所述人脸数据的评估值高于预设评估值则将其中的人脸与背景分离,否则重新采集所述人脸数据。 10. The automobile according to claim 8, locking, characterized in that, prior to the face data of the face and background separation, further comprising: a data quality evaluation data of the human face, if the the face evaluation value data is higher than a preset evaluation value which will be separated from the face and the background, or to re-acquire the face data.
11.根据权利要求7所述的汽车锁定方法,其特征在于,还包括:提示所述用户进行脸部表情的变化,以判定所述用户是否为真实的人。 11. The auto locking method of claim 7, characterized in that, further comprising: prompting the user to change the facial expression to determine whether the user is a real person.
12.根据权利要求7所述的汽车锁定方法,其特征在于,所述人脸数据为图像数据或视频数据。 12. The automobile according to claim 7, locking, characterized in that the facial image data as data or video data.
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