CN102975011A - Vacuum suction type high-speed intelligent automatic screw fastening mechanism - Google Patents

Vacuum suction type high-speed intelligent automatic screw fastening mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102975011A
CN102975011A CN2012104873972A CN201210487397A CN102975011A CN 102975011 A CN102975011 A CN 102975011A CN 2012104873972 A CN2012104873972 A CN 2012104873972A CN 201210487397 A CN201210487397 A CN 201210487397A CN 102975011 A CN102975011 A CN 102975011A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
screw
screw fastening
spiral shell
shell cutter
fastening
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012104873972A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王承刚
田志涛
崔永明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dalian Yun Ming Automation Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Dalian Yun Ming Automation Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Dalian Yun Ming Automation Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Dalian Yun Ming Automation Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN2012104873972A priority Critical patent/CN102975011A/en
Publication of CN102975011A publication Critical patent/CN102975011A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a vacuum suction type high-speed intelligent automatic screw fastening mechanism. The mechanism can be used for carrying out continuous-accurate screw fastening operation. The mechanism is characterized in that a vacuum suction pipe is controlled to move downward by a screw taking cylinder, and simultaneously a vacuum generator acts to suction a screw so as to realize a suctioning type screwing mode. In a screw fastening device, after the screw is suctioned by the screw suctioning device, a screwdriver driving cylinder acts on a screwdriver to move downward in a rotating manner and further lock the screw, so that the convenient and fast effects are achieved and the safety and the stability for operation also can be ensured. The mechanism is internally provided with a limiting block and a buffer, so that not only can the downward-moving stroke of the vacuum suction pipe be limited by the limiting block, but also the buffering action for the screwdriver can be realized by the buffer, a processed product is prevented from being damaged due to over-high downward-moving speed of the screwdriver; since a photoelectric detecting device is arranged in the mechanism, the lock floating phenomenon in the screw fastening process is effectively detected, further badpoor products are prevented from flowing into next procedure and the market, and the equipment can be debugged in time.

Description

Vacuum aspiration type high-speed intelligent automatic screw fastening machine structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of high-speed intelligent automatic screw fastening machine structure platform.
Background technology
In the occasion of screw fastening assembling, wherein a lot of need of productions carry out repeatedly screw fastening operation at product to be processed, this class work manually-operated workload is large, and the missing nail phenomenon can appear, so that the urgent needs of every profession and trade improve screw fastening efficient and quality on the own production line, and along with the in recent years develop rapidly of information electronic industry, also more and more higher for the requirement of screw fastening assembling.
In the production of screw fastening assembling, often a very little product will carry out repeatedly pinning, and different products is also different for the demand of the specification of revolving screw thereon, traditional screw fastening assembling way is to take screwdriver before screwing screw with artificial hand, adopt the mode of permanent magnetic suck, utilize magnetic force that screw is picked up or operating personnel are manual that screw is put into rigging position, and then utilize screwdriver that screw is screwed, this mode of production is so that hand labor intensity is very large, production efficiency is very low, and the quality of product also can't be guaranteed.
Therefore, need a kind of equipment of design, to realize the assembling of screw automatic fastening, enhance productivity, guarantee the quality of screw fastening assembling.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is different from existing equipment, in the screw fastening process, do not adopt operating personnel's portable screw fastening machine, and adopted a kind of mode of vacsorb screw, it is a kind of vacuum aspiration type high-speed intelligent automatic screw fastening machine structure, having simplified the structure of equipment and the difficulty of operation, is very big improvement and development to existing same category of device.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: mechanism comprises screw suction means and screw fastening device two parts, get the screw cylinder action in the screw suction means so that vaccum suction pipe moves down, vacuum generator work final vacuum suction pipe is drawn to the bottom with screw and contacts with the spiral shell cutter head, has realized following closely on the assimilating type; Then after screw was held, the spiral shell cutter drives the cylinder action was rotating downwards electric screwdriver drive spiral shell cutter head to screw fastening device, carries out pinning; Electric screwdriver connects the spiral shell cutter head by driving shaft, and electric screwdriver is rotated by driven by motor; Guide rail is fixed on the frame, screw fastening device is installed on the guide rail, and the spiral shell cutter drives the cylinder action screw fastening device along guide rail movement, and the spiral shell cutter drives the position that cylinder takes the spiral shell cutter head to mounting screw, screw fastening mechanism lock-screw is realized the screw fastening assembling; Guide rail top is equipped with photoelectric detection system and detects floating lock, the guide rail bottom is equipped with stop, the stroke of restriction vaccum suction pipe, when screw fastening device is advanced downwards, the guide rail bottom also is equipped with buffer and plays the buffering positioning action, prevent that the electric screwdriver decrease speed is too fast, the spiral shell cutter head outside also is equipped with screw and has or not the affirmation sensor.
The screw feed system of operation matches with this mechanism, screw is provided to accurate location under the spiral shell cutter head, getting screw cylinder promotion vaccum suction pipe moves down, vacuum generator effect vaccum suction pipe is drawn screw simultaneously, after the spiral shell cutter head touches screw, the spiral shell swivel is moving, and the spiral shell cutter drives cylinder drive spiral shell cutter and moves down, and realizes screwing screw.
Guide rail top is equipped with photoelectric detection system and detects floating lock, the guide rail bottom is equipped with stop, the stroke of restriction vaccum suction pipe, when screw fastening device is advanced downwards, the guide rail bottom also is equipped with buffer and plays the buffering positioning action, prevent that the electric screwdriver decrease speed is too fast, the spiral shell cutter head outside also is equipped with screw and has or not the affirmation sensor.
The screw suction means is installed on the guide rail in the mechanism, getting under the screw cylinder action screw suction means along guide rail movement, guide rail end is equipped with stop, guaranteed that the screw suction means is the accuracy of vaccum suction pipe stroke, and the buffer of lower end, when screw fastening device is advanced, play the buffering positioning action downwards, when screw fastening device is realized screw lock, can not damage processed product again.Be equipped with photoelectric detection system in the mechanism, its effect can detect the floating lock phenomenon in the screw automatically, accurately, can detect the floating lock problem of 0.3-0.5, thereby does not need to set up special testing staff and operation.By the rigorous design to mechanism control system, mechanism has automatic detection for following closely the function that whether puts, has or not screw in place, and when the screw suction means was not drawn to screw, screw fastening device was failure to actuate, and guaranteed that converted products does not suffer damage.Because mechanism has taked the vacuum attraction mode to draw and lock-screw, can draw the iron end on flying dust and the screw, thereby not need to set up special product cleanup crew and operation, reach the effect of increasing work efficiency.Mechanism structure is simplified, and floor space is little, is suitable for being conducive to the simplification of production line operation in narrow position work.Mechanism structure is simplified, and can cooperate for spike devices with multiple, realizes the diversified operation of pinning, is satisfied with in the different field and processes for the product of locking demand.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: this mechanism can carry out continuously accurately screw fastening operation.Screw is drawn in the vacuum generator effect, and precise structure and simple discharges again very large space when having improved upper nail efficient, reduced the cost of equipment.Screw fastening device is simple in structure, and is convenient and swift and can guarantee again the safety and stability of operation, greatly improved the efficient of work.
Description of drawings
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and concrete embodiment.
Fig. 1 is vacuum aspiration type high-speed intelligent automatic locking screw mechanism structure chart of the present invention.
Among the figure, 1. frame, 2. guide rail, 3. vacuum generator is 4. got the screw cylinder, 5. electric screwdriver, 6. photoelectric detection system, 7. vaccum suction pipe, 8. stop, 9. buffer, 10. driving shaft, 11. spiral shell cutter heads.
The specific embodiment
Specify vacuum aspiration type high-speed intelligent automatic locking screw mechanism below in conjunction with embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, mechanism is comprised of screw suction means and screw fastening device, getting screw cylinder 4 promotion vaccum suction pipes 7 in the screw suction means moves down, screws are drawn in vacuum generator 3 effect, have realized the mode of following closely on the assimilating type, and screw fastening device is then after screw is held, the spiral shell cutter drives the cylinder action is rotating downwards spiral shell cutter head 11, carry out pinning, detect floating lock by photoelectric detection system 6, realize cycle operation.Electric screwdriver 5 connects spiral shell cutter head 11 by driving shaft 10, and electric screwdriver 5 is rotated by driven by motor.
Guide rail 2 is fixed on the frame 1, screw fastening device is installed on the guide rail 2, the spiral shell cutter drives the cylinder action screw fastening device and moves along guide rail 2, getting screw cylinder 4 control vaccum suction pipes 7 moves down, screw is drawn in simultaneously vacuum generator 3 effects, the spiral shell cutter drives cylinder and takes spiral shell cutter head 11 position of the mounting screw of appointment to, and screw fastening mechanism lock-screw is realized the screw fastening assembling.
Equipment is when work, after screw is delivered to the vaccum suction pipe below by the screw feed mechanism that matches, getting screw cylinder promotion vaccum suction pipe moves down, meanwhile, screw is drawn in the vacuum generator effect, and screw is held by vaccum suction pipe, and spiral shell cutter head front end touches screw, the center of spiral shell cutter head is corresponding with screw recess central point, after the screw feed mechanism was return, screw had or not the affirmation working sensor, when this sensor is not sensed screw, screw feed mechanism and screw draw frame machine be task again, draw screw, confirm that when screw has or not sensor examines when not measuring screw equipment alarm again, quit work, get back to initial position; When this sensor sensing during to screw, electric screwdriver 5 begins to rotate, and the spiral shell cutter drives cylinder driving electric spiral shell cutter 5 and moves down and screw screw, realizes fastening assembling, and operation so moves in circles.In addition, be equipped with stop 8 on the guide rail 2, the stroke of restriction vaccum suction pipe, when screw fastening device was advanced downwards, 9 bufferings of buffer positioning action prevented that electric screwdriver 5 decrease speeds are too fast.When electric screwdriver 5 moves down, if having or not, screw confirms that the induction of sensor senses device does not have screw, electric screwdriver will stop to advance, and gets back to initial position downwards under the drive of spiral shell cutter driving cylinder.In the time of lock-screw, photoelectric detection system 6 can detect the floating lock phenomenon in the screw, as runs into floating lock phenomenon above claimed range, and equipment alarm is in order in time take out bad product.
Such design, so that this equipment has following advantage: at first, the screw suction means designs cleverly, has reduced the time of screwing, has guaranteed the stability of material loading, for the fastening work of back is laid a good groundwork.Secondly, the stop on the guide rail so that the stroke of screw suction means is more accurate, both can have been realized locking, can not damage product to be processed again, had greatly improved the accuracy of mechanism.At last, the installation of buffer so that can because of excessive velocities not damage product to be processed in the process that screw fastening device is advanced downwards, has guaranteed stability and the security of mechanism.
The present invention is not limited to above-described embodiment, and protection scope of the present invention is all classified in any equivalent concepts or change in the technical scope that the present invention discloses as.

Claims (1)

1. vacuum aspiration type high-speed intelligent automatic screw fastening machine structure, it is characterized in that: mechanism comprises screw suction means and screw fastening device two parts, get screw cylinder (4) effect in the screw suction means so that vaccum suction pipe (7) moves down, vacuum generator (3) work final vacuum suction pipe (7) is drawn to the bottom with screw and contacts with spiral shell cutter head (11), has realized following closely on the assimilating type; Then after screw was held, the spiral shell cutter drives the cylinder action was rotating downwards electric screwdriver (5) drive spiral shell cutter head (11) to screw fastening device, carries out pinning; Electric screwdriver (5) connects spiral shell cutter head (11) by driving shaft (10), and electric screwdriver (5) is rotated by driven by motor; Guide rail (2) is fixed on the frame (1), screw fastening device is installed on the guide rail (2), the spiral shell cutter drives the cylinder action screw fastening device and moves along guide rail (2), the spiral shell cutter drives the position that cylinder takes spiral shell cutter head (11) to mounting screw, screw fastening mechanism lock-screw is realized the screw fastening assembling.
CN2012104873972A 2012-11-23 2012-11-23 Vacuum suction type high-speed intelligent automatic screw fastening mechanism Pending CN102975011A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012104873972A CN102975011A (en) 2012-11-23 2012-11-23 Vacuum suction type high-speed intelligent automatic screw fastening mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012104873972A CN102975011A (en) 2012-11-23 2012-11-23 Vacuum suction type high-speed intelligent automatic screw fastening mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102975011A true CN102975011A (en) 2013-03-20

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CN (1) CN102975011A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103537894A (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-01-29 武汉凡谷自动化有限公司 Vacuum screw sucking and locking device
CN103639819A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-03-19 苏州晓炎自动化设备有限公司 Outer cylinder stop block for screwdriver
CN104259843A (en) * 2014-09-24 2015-01-07 苏州石丸英合精密机械有限公司 Vertical type automatic feeding screw locking device of full-automatic screw locking machine
CN104842149A (en) * 2014-02-17 2015-08-19 香港斯讬克股份有限公司 Locking and fixing device
CN106493553A (en) * 2016-12-17 2017-03-15 大连运明自动化技术有限公司 A kind of method of work of the tightening device of nailing machine
CN106736470A (en) * 2016-12-17 2017-05-31 大连运明自动化技术有限公司 A kind of tightening device of nailing machine
CN106799587A (en) * 2017-01-10 2017-06-06 深圳鼎缘电子科技有限公司 Rotate debugging mechanism and debug board automatically

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0100364A1 (en) * 1981-12-25 1984-02-15 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Vacuum holding type automatic screw fastening machine
FR2613266A1 (en) * 1987-04-03 1988-10-07 Telemecanique Electrique Tool for gripping and oriented screwing of a screw having a strap (U-clip)
CN2491176Y (en) * 2001-07-18 2002-05-15 协城机械股份有限公司 Servo multi-torque controlled lock screwing machine
WO2009022420A1 (en) * 2007-08-16 2009-02-19 Fujitsu Limited Screw fastener
CN201366685Y (en) * 2009-01-23 2009-12-23 中国华录·松下电子信息有限公司 Automatic screw fastening machine
CN102179692A (en) * 2011-05-26 2011-09-14 大连运明自动化技术有限公司 Multi-shaft blowing distribution type high-speed intelligent automatic bolt-fastening and assembling machine
CN202114461U (en) * 2011-05-26 2012-01-18 大连运明自动化技术有限公司 Intermittent splitting type high-speed intelligent assembly machine capable of automatically fastening screws
CN202985058U (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-06-12 大连运明自动化技术有限公司 Vacuum absorbing type high-speed intelligent automatic screw-fastening mechanism

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0100364A1 (en) * 1981-12-25 1984-02-15 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Vacuum holding type automatic screw fastening machine
FR2613266A1 (en) * 1987-04-03 1988-10-07 Telemecanique Electrique Tool for gripping and oriented screwing of a screw having a strap (U-clip)
CN2491176Y (en) * 2001-07-18 2002-05-15 协城机械股份有限公司 Servo multi-torque controlled lock screwing machine
WO2009022420A1 (en) * 2007-08-16 2009-02-19 Fujitsu Limited Screw fastener
CN201366685Y (en) * 2009-01-23 2009-12-23 中国华录·松下电子信息有限公司 Automatic screw fastening machine
CN102179692A (en) * 2011-05-26 2011-09-14 大连运明自动化技术有限公司 Multi-shaft blowing distribution type high-speed intelligent automatic bolt-fastening and assembling machine
CN202114461U (en) * 2011-05-26 2012-01-18 大连运明自动化技术有限公司 Intermittent splitting type high-speed intelligent assembly machine capable of automatically fastening screws
CN202985058U (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-06-12 大连运明自动化技术有限公司 Vacuum absorbing type high-speed intelligent automatic screw-fastening mechanism

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103537894A (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-01-29 武汉凡谷自动化有限公司 Vacuum screw sucking and locking device
CN103537894B (en) * 2013-11-08 2016-08-17 武汉凡谷自动化有限公司 Vacuum inhales lock screw device
CN103639819A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-03-19 苏州晓炎自动化设备有限公司 Outer cylinder stop block for screwdriver
CN104842149A (en) * 2014-02-17 2015-08-19 香港斯讬克股份有限公司 Locking and fixing device
CN104259843A (en) * 2014-09-24 2015-01-07 苏州石丸英合精密机械有限公司 Vertical type automatic feeding screw locking device of full-automatic screw locking machine
CN106493553A (en) * 2016-12-17 2017-03-15 大连运明自动化技术有限公司 A kind of method of work of the tightening device of nailing machine
CN106736470A (en) * 2016-12-17 2017-05-31 大连运明自动化技术有限公司 A kind of tightening device of nailing machine
CN106799587A (en) * 2017-01-10 2017-06-06 深圳鼎缘电子科技有限公司 Rotate debugging mechanism and debug board automatically

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Application publication date: 20130320

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