CN102972127B - Punching device for cuttage forestation on sand - Google Patents

Punching device for cuttage forestation on sand Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102972127B
CN102972127B CN201210573054.8A CN201210573054A CN102972127B CN 102972127 B CN102972127 B CN 102972127B CN 201210573054 A CN201210573054 A CN 201210573054A CN 102972127 B CN102972127 B CN 102972127B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
water drainage
handle
drill bit
injection pipe
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CN201210573054.8A
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CN102972127A (en
Inventor
丁国栋
高广磊
赵媛媛
包岩峰
张琳琳
乌日娜
石星
万丽
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Beijing Forestry University
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Beijing Forestry University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/40Afforestation or reforestation

Abstract

The invention discloses a punching device for cuttage forestation on sand. The punching device comprises drill bits, a water drainage assembly, a water injection assembly, a water control assembly, a pressure control assembly and a handle, wherein the drill bits comprises two types, one is a straight-cutting drill bit with a pointed tail end, and the other one is a rotary drill bit with a spiral tail end; the other ends of the drill bits are hinged with the lower edge of the water drainage assembly in a threaded manner; the water drainage assembly is a hollow cylinder structure in which water drainage holes are uniformly formed; the outer diameter of the water drainage holes is small in the outer part and big in the inner part; length scales are formed on the surface of the cylinder; the upper edge of the water drainage assembly is provided with a water port, flexibly connected with the water control assembly and the pressure control assembly by the water injection tube, and hinged with the handle in a threaded manner; the water injection tube is a soft plastic tube; and the handle is a detachable hollow cylinder structure. The punching device not only has a simple structure, easiness in manufacturing, convenience for carrying, low price and convenience in operation and use, but also has good economic and biological benefits and an extensive application prospect in cuttage forestation on sand.

Description

Sand ground cutting forset-plantation perforating device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of device being applicable to extensive sand ground cutting forset-plantation, particularly relate to a kind of sand ground cutting forset-plantation perforating device.
Background technology
China is one of country that sandy land is maximum in the world, and " the 4th DESERTIFICATION IN CHINA and desertification situation publication " Monitoring Data shows: China's sandy land gross area reaches 173.11 ten thousand km 2, account for 18.0% of territory total area, wide sandy land and serious desertification threaten China's ecological safety and socioeconomic sustainable development, threaten the survival and development of the Chinese nation.Cutting forset-plantation refers to that the positions such as clip forest root, stem, leaf, bud are inserted in soil, the method for forestation of the new plant of Propogation and culture.Cutting forset-plantation technology is comparatively simple, is easy to grasp, and has multiple ecological benefits such as alleviating wind erosion, improvement soil, protection and maintenance bio-diversity, is the important technique measure of sandy land revegetation.At present, cutting forset-plantation is applied very extensive in sand grassland process of reconstruction, its main path is artificial cuttage, main tool is the common farm implements such as spade, although obtained comparatively gratifying achievement, but still there is more shortcoming and defect, mainly comprise: 1. aeolian sandy soil is loosely organized, conventional excavation is easy to subside; 2. surface disturbance is strong, accelerated weathering; 3. irrigation water using efficiency is lower; 4. workload is comparatively large, and operating efficiency is low.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the shortcoming and defect that above-mentioned prior art exists, the invention provides a kind of sand ground cutting forset-plantation perforating device, can efficiently excavate cutting forset-plantation plant pit, its structure is simple, easy to operate.This device can effective fixing soil, prevents aeolian sandy soil from subsiding; Reduce surface soil disturbance, alleviate wind erosion; Improve water resource utilization efficiency; Reduce workload, increase work efficiency.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves its technical problem is as follows:
Sand ground cutting forset-plantation perforating device of the present invention, comprise water drainage part, the lower edge of described water drainage part is connected with drill bit, upper limb is connected with handle, and described water drainage part is connected with water injection pipe, and described water injection pipe is connected with water control parts and voltage controlling component.
As can be seen from the technical scheme that the invention described above embodiment provides, the sand ground cutting forset-plantation perforating device of the embodiment of the present invention, owing to comprising water drainage part, the lower edge of water drainage part is connected with drill bit, upper limb is connected with handle, water drainage part is connected with water injection pipe, water injection pipe is connected with water control parts and voltage controlling component, the plant pit of any degree of depth can be excavated easily with cuttage seeding of planting on sand ground, and the sandy soil of plant pit surrounding can be infiltrated, avoid traditional method for digging sandy soil to be easy to subside, the defect that destruction of surface is serious, improve water resource utilization efficiency, greatly reduce the workload that plant pit excavates, improve operating efficiency.Meanwhile, it is simple that this device also has structure, and easy to carry, each parts conveniently can combine installation, cheap advantage.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of drill bit in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of water drainage part and water injection pipe in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of water control parts and voltage controlling component in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of handle in the embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, specific embodiment of the invention process is described further.
Sand ground cutting forset-plantation perforating device of the present invention, its preferably embodiment be:
Comprise water drainage part, the lower edge of described water drainage part is connected with drill bit, upper limb is connected with handle, and described water drainage part is connected with water injection pipe, and described water injection pipe is connected with water control parts and voltage controlling component.
Described drill bit comprises two types, a kind of direct insertion drill bit for having sharp tips, another kind of for having the rotary bit of helical form end, the other end of described drill bit is threaded with the lower edge of described water drainage part, and the upper limb of described water drainage part is connected with described handle threads.
Described water drainage part is the cylindrical structure of hollow, the wall of cylinder evenly lays multiple osculum, the diameter of the outer end of described osculum is less than inner diameter, the outer surface of described cylinder indicates length scale, described water drainage part upper limb is provided with inlet opening, described inlet opening is connected with described water injection pipe, and described water injection pipe is flexible plastic pipe.
Described water control parts comprise water-storing bottle, Hydraulic-control valves and hydraulic gauge; Described voltage controlling component comprises gas cylinder, voltage-controlled valve and manometer.
The upper limb of described water drainage part is connected with described handle threads, and described handle is hollow circuit cylinder body structure.
Described drill bit, water drainage part, handle all adopt high-strength stainless steel material to make.
Described handle has more piece, is threaded connection between adjacent two joints.
Specific embodiment:
The present embodiment provides a kind of sand ground cutting forset-plantation perforating device, particularly a kind of portable sand ground cutting forset-plantation perforating device being applicable to extensive sand ground cutting forset-plantation, and as shown in Figure 1, this device comprises:
Drill bit 1, water drainage part 2, water injection pipe 3, water control parts 4, voltage controlling component 5 and handle 6;
Wherein, drill bit 1 comprises two types, and one is the direct insertion drill bit 8 with sharp tips 7, and it is two for having the rotary bit 10 of helical form end 9, the drill bit other end 11 and water drainage part lower edge 12 screw thread twisting 13; Described water drainage part 2 is the cylindrical structure of hollow, cylinder evenly lays osculum 14, osculum external diameter 15 little internal diameter 16 is large, and damaged surface indicates length scale 17, water drainage part upper limb 18 is provided with inlet opening 19, flexibly connect 20 with water control parts 4, voltage controlling component 5 with water injection pipe 3, and with handle 6 screw thread twisting 21; Described water injection pipe 3 is flexible plastic pipe 22; Described water control parts 4 comprise water-storing bottle 23, Hydraulic-control valves 24 and hydraulic gauge 25; Described voltage controlling component 5 comprises gas cylinder 26, voltage-controlled valve 27 and manometer 28; Described handle 6 is dismountable hollow circuit cylinder body structure 29.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, drill bit 1 in said apparatus adopts high-strength stainless steel material to make, can according to different land occupation conditions and excavating depth in practical application, select that there is the direct insertion drill bit 8 of sharp tips 7 and the rotary bit 10 with helical form end 9, the drill bit other end 11 and water drainage part lower edge 12 screw thread twisting 13.
As shown in Figure 1,3, the water drainage part 2 in said apparatus adopts high-strength stainless steel material to make, and cylinder evenly lays osculum 14, and the little internal diameter 16 of osculum external diameter 15 is large, blocks osculum 14 to prevent the grains of sand or enters water drainage part 2.During practical application, if sandy soil block osculum 14 accidentally, by regulating Hydraulic-control valves 24 or voltage-controlled valve 27, increasing flow rate of water flow, washing osculum 14 open; If sandy soil enter water drainage part 2 accidentally, drill bit 1 can be unloaded, water drainage part 2 is cleaned; For convenience of using, also indicate length scale 17, so that determine excavating depth on water drainage part 2 surface; Water drainage part upper limb 18 is provided with inlet opening 19, flexibly connects 20 with water control parts 4, voltage controlling component 5 with water injection pipe 3, and with handle 6 screw thread twisting 21.
As shown in Figure 1,3, the water injection pipe 3 in said apparatus adopts flexible plastic material to make, and in practical application, be connected by water injection pipe 3 with water control parts 4 and voltage controlling component 5, water will enter water drainage part 2. via water injection pipe 3 and inlet opening 19
As shown in Fig. 1,4, water control parts 4 in said apparatus comprise water-storing bottle 23, Hydraulic-control valves 24 and hydraulic gauge 25, voltage controlling component 5 comprises gas cylinder 26, voltage-controlled valve 27 and manometer 28, high-strength stainless steel material is all adopted to make (wherein, hydraulic gauge and manometer dial plate are made up of tempered glass).During practical application, by regulating separately Hydraulic-control valves 24 or regulate Hydraulic-control valves 24 and voltage-controlled valve 27 to control water velocity and flow simultaneously.Meanwhile, hydraulic gauge 25 can show water flow, flow velocity and water-storing bottle 23 moisture storage capacity, and manometer 28 can show gas cylinder 26 air pressure level.
As shown in Figure 1,5, the handle 6 in said apparatus adopts high-strength stainless steel material to make, and for convenience of using, adopts dismountable cylindrical structure, can according to end user and excavating depth determination handle 6 length in practical application.
Below in conjunction with sand ground cutting forset-plantation plant pit drill process, said apparatus is described further:
Select suitable drill bit according to land occupation condition and excavating depth, carry out drilling operation.This device is fixed on the cuttage seeding plant pit degree of depth of cultural plan setting, by water injection pipe, via water injection hole, the water in water bottle is injected water drainage part, and by regulating Hydraulic-control valves and voltage-controlled valve to control flow velocity and the flow of current.After water in water bottle enters water drainage part, will be discharged gradually by osculum by self gravitation and device pressure influence, infiltrate surrounding soil, to strengthen sandy soil structure, prevent sandy soil from subsiding.After surrounding sandy soil homogeneous immersion, extracted by device, namely cuttage seeding plant pit scrapes out, and nursery stock is put into plant pit, righting, backfill sandy soil.
Embodiment of the present invention device has following beneficial effect: 1. structure is simple, easy to make; 2. be easy to carry, the equal decomposable asymmetric choice net of each parts of this device, can be transported to afforestation place easily, easy to carry, uses flexibly; 3. cheap, the raw material that this device adopts are common materials market being easy to obtain, cheap; 4. fixing sandy soil, the sandy soil avoiding traditional method for digging to cause subside problem; 5. ground perturbation intensity is little, reduces potential wind erosion; 6. reasonable in design, make full use of water resource, and the cuttage seeding plantation plant pit of any degree of depth can be excavated.
The above; be only the present invention's preferably embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, is anyly familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses; the change that can expect easily or replacement, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the protection domain of claims.

Claims (5)

1. a sand ground cutting forset-plantation perforating device, is characterized in that, comprises water drainage part, and the lower edge of described water drainage part is connected with drill bit, upper limb is connected with handle, and described water drainage part is connected with water injection pipe, and described water injection pipe is connected with water control parts and voltage controlling component;
Described drill bit comprises two types, a kind of direct insertion drill bit for having sharp tips, another kind of for having the rotary bit of helical form end, the other end of described drill bit is threaded with the lower edge of described water drainage part, and the upper limb of described water drainage part is connected with described handle threads;
Described water drainage part is the cylindrical structure of hollow, the wall of cylinder evenly lays multiple osculum, the diameter of the outer end of described osculum is less than inner diameter, the outer surface of described cylinder indicates length scale, described water drainage part upper limb is provided with inlet opening, described inlet opening is connected with described water injection pipe, and described water injection pipe is flexible plastic pipe.
2. sand ground cutting forset-plantation perforating device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described water control parts comprise water-storing bottle, Hydraulic-control valves and hydraulic gauge; Described voltage controlling component comprises gas cylinder, voltage-controlled valve and manometer.
3. sand ground cutting forset-plantation perforating device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, the upper limb of described water drainage part is connected with described handle threads, and described handle is hollow circuit cylinder body structure.
4. the sand ground cutting forset-plantation perforating device as described in any one of claims 1 to 3, is characterized in that, described drill bit, water drainage part, handle all adopt high-strength stainless steel material to make.
5. sand ground cutting forset-plantation perforating device as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, described handle has more piece, is threaded connection between adjacent two joints.
CN201210573054.8A 2012-12-25 2012-12-25 Punching device for cuttage forestation on sand Active CN102972127B (en)

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CN103217315A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-07-24 北京林业大学 Foot extracting device for sand
CN105165184B (en) * 2015-08-13 2017-05-10 山东临沂烟草有限公司 tobacco seedling transplanting punching machine
CN105532367A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-05-04 杨树鹏 Afforestation method in barren land and desert
CN105917805A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-09-07 余庆县惠农果蔬销售农民专业合作社 Vegetable planting perforating equipment

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