CN102971224A - Crate - Google Patents

Crate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102971224A
CN102971224A CN 201180018122 CN201180018122A CN102971224A CN 102971224 A CN102971224 A CN 102971224A CN 201180018122 CN201180018122 CN 201180018122 CN 201180018122 A CN201180018122 A CN 201180018122A CN 102971224 A CN102971224 A CN 102971224A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
crate
portion
region
bottom
lower
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Application number
CN 201180018122
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102971224B (en )
Inventor
沃尔夫冈·奥格尔丁格
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埃弗科系统有限公司
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D11/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of plastics material
    • B65D11/18Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of plastics material collapsible, i.e. with walls hinged together or detachably connected
    • B65D11/1833Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of plastics material collapsible, i.e. with walls hinged together or detachably connected whereby all side walls are hingedly connected to the base panel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D11/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of plastics material
    • B65D11/20Details of walls made of plastics material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D21/00Nestable, stackable or joinable containers; Containers of variable capacity
    • B65D21/02Containers specially shaped, or provided with fittings or attachments, to facilitate nesting, stacking, or joining together
    • B65D21/0209Containers specially shaped, or provided with fittings or attachments, to facilitate nesting, stacking, or joining together stackable or joined together one-upon-the-other in the upright or upside-down position
    • B65D21/0213Containers presenting a continuous stacking profile along the upper or lower edge of at least two opposite side walls
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D85/00Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials
    • B65D85/30Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for articles particularly sensitive to damage by shock or pressure
    • B65D85/34Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for articles particularly sensitive to damage by shock or pressure for fruit, e.g. apples, oranges or tomatoes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D85/00Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials
    • B65D85/30Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for articles particularly sensitive to damage by shock or pressure
    • B65D85/34Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for articles particularly sensitive to damage by shock or pressure for fruit, e.g. apples, oranges or tomatoes
    • B65D85/345Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for articles particularly sensitive to damage by shock or pressure for fruit, e.g. apples, oranges or tomatoes having a meshed or apertured closure to allow contents to breathe

Abstract

A crate comprises a bottom and two respective pairwise opposing side walls and end walls, wherein the bottom is arch-shaped curving towards the interior of the crate, such that a space (S) between a lower surface of the bottom and a plane (P) defined by a lower end of the crate is provided.

Description

板条箱 Crate

[0001] 本申请涉及用于容纳例如水果、蔬菜等产品的板条箱(crate),特别是香蕉板条箱。 [0001] The present application relates to receiving such as fruits, vegetables and other products crates (Crate), particularly the banana crate.

[0002] 用于存储和运输例如水果和蔬菜等产品的板条箱已广泛应用于市场。 [0002] for storing and transporting products such as fruits and vegetables crates have been widely used in the market. 通常,此种板条箱体轻并且稳固,这使得此种板条箱适用于将农作物从田间带给消费者。 Typically, such a lath cabinet light and robust, which makes such a crate suitable for crops from the field to consumers. 特别是对于热带水果,如香蕉,常见的是在农作物还未成熟时就收获农作物,并且将其包装到板条箱中以便随后的货运和运输。 Especially for tropical fruits like bananas, it is common at the time is not yet ripe crops harvested crops, and packing it into the crates for subsequent shipping and transportation. 在运输行程中,水果有时间成熟。 In the transportation trip, fruits have time to mature. 在运输之前,板条箱通常堆叠在彼此顶部,并且并排布置在集装架上。 Before shipping, usually crates stacked on top of each other and arranged side by side in the pallet. 在此,在例如“五个纵向配置(five-downconfiguration)”的情况中,时常使用特定的交叉堆叠技术。 Here, for example, in the case of "five-down configuration (five-downconfiguration)", a frequent use of specific cross-stacking techniques. 在该五个纵向配置中,五个板条箱彼此相邻布置成矩形阵列,以便其中的两个在长度方向上形成一排,而其他三个在宽度方向上形成一排。 In this five-down configuration, five crates are arranged adjacent to each other in a rectangular array, wherein the two to form a row in the longitudinal direction, while the other three form a row in the width direction.

[0003] 然而,一个问题是在该配置中,根据现有技术中相邻板条箱的短边(端壁)和长边(侧壁)之间的自由且均匀的空气循环得不到保证。 [0003] However, a problem is that in this configuration, according to the prior art, adjacent to the short side of the crate (end wall) and a free and uniform air circulation between (side wall) of the long sides can not be guaranteed . 这是不利的,因为在水果的运输和存储过程中,由于空气分布不均,将导致水果得不到均匀的温度控制。 This is disadvantageous because of the fruit during transport and storage, due to the uneven distribution of air, will not result in a uniform temperature control of the fruit.

[0004] 已知板条箱的另一个不利是其侧壁的内表面是平直的、很不均匀,并且可能包括尖锐和/或坚硬物体,例如转角和棱边。 Another [0004] disadvantage of known crates is that the inner surface of the sidewall are straight, very uneven and may comprise sharp and / or hard objects such as corners and edges. 因此,特别是具有圆形表面部分的产品,例如香蕉、苹果或者橘子,可能易于被这些粗制表面破坏。 Therefore, especially products having rounded surface portions such as bananas, apples or oranges may easily be damaged crude these surfaces.

[0005] 此外,为了质量控制的目的,可能要求当板条箱(不是最高的)被布置在多个板条箱的堆叠中时,控制器能够快速并且易于达到特定板条箱的内侧。 When [0005] In addition, for purposes of quality control may be required when the crate (not the highest) are arranged in a plurality of stacked crates, the controller can quickly and easily reaches the inside of a specific crate. 然而,已知的板条箱不提供这种可能,这表示当需要观察特定板条箱内部时,控制器必须部分地拆散并且重新装配堆叠。 However, known crates do not offer this possibility, which means that when it is necessary to observe the inside crates particular, the controller must be partially disassembled and re-assembled stack. 该过程是低效的并且也是不便的,从而示出进一步的缺点。 The process is also inefficient and inconvenient, thereby showing a further disadvantage.

[0006] 最后,与已知的顶部敞口板条箱有关的进一步缺点是,在将其中两个板条箱在彼此顶部堆叠的情况下,从下部板条箱的上端轻微突出的产品(例如,香蕉的弯曲部分)可能与上部板条箱的载荷接触,最终导致产品被破坏。 [0006] Finally, a further disadvantage associated with known open top crates is that in the case where two crates stacked on top of each other, from the lower portion of the upper end projecting slightly crate products (e.g. , banana curved portion) may be brought into contact with the load of the upper crate, eventually leading to damage to the product.

[0007] 因此,本发明的目的是提供一种允许改善可运输产品的气流、包装、进入检查、以及堆叠的板条箱。 [0007] Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a transportable product allowing improved airflow, packaging, access for inspection, and the stacked crates.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 根据本发明的实施方式,板条箱包括底部和两个相应成对的相对侧壁以及端壁,其中每个侧壁包括在沿着侧壁的水平方向延伸的区域A中的多个通气孔,并且每个端壁均包括抓握孔。 [0008] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the crate comprises a bottom and two opposite side walls and a pair of respective end walls, wherein each side wall includes a plurality of region A extending in the horizontal direction in the side walls vents, and each end wall includes a gripping aperture. 在此,区域A离板条箱的转角为距离dA,其中距离dA等于抓握孔离板条箱的同一个转角的距离deH。 Here, from the angle region A is the distance dA crate, wherein the grip hole is equal to the distance dA deH same distance from one corner of the crate. 此外,区域A的高度hA基本等于抓握孔的高度heH,即,这些高度至少部分地在高度方向上有相同的重叠部分。 In addition, the height hA of the region A is substantially equal to the height heH grip hole, i.e., the height of at least partially overlaps the same portion in the height direction.

[0009] 这确保用于在相邻板条箱之间提供最佳空气流的通气路径,例如,所述相邻板条箱以五个纵向配置布置。 [0009] This ensures that the ventilation path for providing optimum air flow between adjacent crates, e.g., adjacent the crate configuration with five longitudinally arranged. 结果,通过该通气路径,能够实现快速尤其是均匀的气流,结果导致恒定的温度控制以保证水果质量。 As a result, through the vent path, in particular to achieve rapid uniform gas flow, resulting in a constant temperature control to ensure the quality of the fruit.

[0010] 根据实施方式,多个通气孔可以包括一对通气孔,该一对通气孔具有与抓握孔相似的组合形状。 [0010] According to an embodiment, a plurality of vent holes may comprise a pair of vent holes, and the pair of vent holes having a combined shape similar to the grip hole. 多个通气孔可以以比抓握孔的尺寸要小的距离隔开。 A plurality of vent holes may be spaced apart than the size of the grip hole is smaller distance. 多个通气孔中的一个通气孔可以包括比抓握孔尺寸要小的水平尺寸。 A vent hole may include a plurality of vent holes is smaller than the size of the grip hole horizontal dimension. 侧壁和端壁可以配置成相对于底部可折叠,以便在折叠状态中,板条箱的剩余容积达到最小。 Side and end walls may be configured to be foldable relative to the base, so that in the folded state, a remaining volume of the crate is minimized. 底部可以包括两对通风口,其中第一对通风口中的每个通风口具有等于或大于40mm的宽度以及等于或大于126mm的长度,并且其中第二对通风口中的每个通风口具有等于或大于40mm的宽度以及等于或大于25mm的长度。 May comprise two pairs of ventilation openings at the bottom, wherein each of the first pair of vent vent having a width equal to or larger than 40mm and a length equal or larger than 126mm, and wherein each of the second pair of vents having vent greater than or equal to 40mm width and 25mm of length equal to or greater than. 多个通气孔中的每个通气孔可以具有等于或大于20_的宽度以及等于或大于24_的长度。 Each of the plurality of vent holes may have a vent hole 20_ is larger than or equal to a width and a length greater than or equal to 24_. 每个抓握孔可以具有等于或大于30mm的宽度以及等于或大于IOOmm的长度。 Each grip hole may have a width equal to or larger than 30mm and equal or greater than the length of IOOmm.

[0011] 本发明的实施方式涉及两个根据本发明实施方式的板条箱的布置,其中板条箱布置成使得第一板条箱的端壁邻近第二板条箱的侧壁,其中第一板条箱配置成沿着平行于第一板条箱的侧壁的第一纵向轴线对准,并且其中第二板条箱配置成沿着平行于第二板条箱的侧壁的第二纵向轴线对准,第一纵向轴线和第二纵向轴线彼此垂直,其中第一板条箱的侧壁和第二板条箱的端壁对准,以便实现第一板条箱抓握孔与第二板条箱的多个通气孔中的至少一个通气孔的至少部分重叠,以便在第一板条箱与第二板条箱之间提供通气路径。 Embodiment [0011] The present invention relates to the arrangement of two crates according to embodiments of the present invention, wherein the side wall of the second crate crates are arranged such that the first end wall adjacent the crate, where the first a crate arranged aligned along a first longitudinal axis parallel to the first side wall of the crate, and wherein the second crate is configured to a second direction parallel to the second side wall of the crate aligned with the longitudinal axis, the longitudinal axis of the first and second longitudinal axes perpendicular to each other, wherein the end wall of the sidewall of the first crate and the second crate are aligned, in order to achieve the first crate and the second grip hole a plurality of vent holes two crates at least partially overlaps at least one vent hole to provide a vent path between the first crate and the second crate. 多个板条箱可以被配置为五个纵向配置,以便在相邻板条箱之间提供通气路径。 A plurality of crates may be configured as a five-down configuration, to provide venting path between adjacent crates. ·[0012] 根据又一实施方式,每个侧壁包括平滑的内表面,所述平滑的内表面以朝向板条箱外侧的凸起形式成形,从而提供用于容纳具有圆形表面部分的产品并且避免产品破坏的内表面。 * [0012] According to another embodiment, each side wall comprises a smooth inner surface, the inner surface of a smooth convex form toward the outside of the crate shaped so as to provide products having rounded surface for receiving a portion of the and to avoid damage to the inner surface of the product. 侧壁和端壁可以包括加劲构件,所述加劲构件仅被提供在侧壁和端壁的相应外表面上。 Sidewalls and end walls may comprise stiffening member, the stiffening member is provided only on the outer surface of the respective side walls and end walls. 侧壁和端壁可以由塑料制成,从而提供平滑的内表面(810)。 Side and end walls may be made of plastic, to provide a smooth inner surface (810). 凸起形状的平滑内表面可以具有比侧壁的最大横向尺寸小的横向曲率尺寸,其中内表面基本上仅在侧壁区域中凸起,其中沿侧壁的竖直方向延伸的非连续加劲构件被中断,并且其中所述区域为中央区域。 A convex shape smooth inner surface may have a maximum transverse dimension smaller than a transverse dimension of curvature of the sidewall, wherein the inner surface of the side wall substantially only in the raised area, wherein the non-continuous stiffening members extending in the vertical direction of the side wall It is interrupted, and wherein the region is a central region.

[0013] 根据另一个实施方式,至少一个端壁包括变薄部分,其中所述变薄部分适应于允许使用者切割端壁以提供检查开口。 [0013] According to another embodiment, at least one end wall comprises a thinned portion, wherein the thinned portion is adapted to allow the user to cut the end wall to provide an inspection opening. 端壁的变薄部分可以是围绕端壁的预定义区域的凹槽,其中所述凹槽包括比端壁厚度的一半大的厚度。 The thinned portion of the end wall may be a groove surrounding a predefined area of ​​the end wall, wherein the groove comprises a greater thickness than half the wall thickness of the end. 端壁(130)可以还包括沿着凹槽布置的多个孔,每个孔具有比凹槽宽度大的直径。 An end wall (130) may further comprise a plurality of apertures arranged along the groove, each hole having a diameter larger than the width of the groove. 当由使用者切割变薄部分时,所述变薄部分可以配置成提供铰链地附着至端壁的可打开部分,其中预定义区域基本为矩形,并且其中凹槽与预定义区域的至少三个侧边邻近。 When cutting the thinned portion by the user, the thinned portion may be configured to provide a hinge attached to the end wall of the opening portion, wherein the predefined area is substantially rectangular, and wherein the at least three grooves with a predefined area adjacent side. 预定义区域可以比端壁的区域的三分之一大。 Third predefined area may be larger than the area of ​​the end wall. 端壁(130)可由塑料制成。 An end wall (130) be made of plastic. 根据本发明实施方式的多个板条箱的布置可以具有彼此邻近布置的多个板条箱,以便使用者可达到包括变薄部分的至少一个端壁。 The arrangement of a plurality of crates of the embodiment of the present invention may be arranged adjacent to each other have a plurality of crates, so that the user can reach the at least one end wall comprises a thinned portion.

[0014] 根据又一个实施方式,底部朝向板条箱的内部拱形弯曲,以便在底部下表面与由板条箱的下端限定的平面P之间提供空间S。 [0014] According to a further embodiment, toward the inside of the crate bottom of a curved arch, so as to provide a space between the surface at the bottom plane P defined by the lower end of the crate S. 实质上,这允许两个板条箱在彼此顶部堆叠,而不会挤压或者损坏从下部板条箱突出至空间S中的产品。 In essence, this allows the two crates stacked on top of each other without squeezing or damaging protruding from the lower crate into the space S of the product. 底部可以沿板条箱端壁的方向或者沿板条箱侧壁的方向呈拱形。 It may be arched in the direction of the bottom of the crate in the direction of the end wall or the side wall of the box slats. 底部可以在侧壁的边界区域内沿着侧壁的方向呈波浪形,波浪形底部的第一部分可以处于平面的高度处,并且波浪形部分的第二部分最大可以处于上部的下端的高度处。 Base may be wavy in the direction of the border region along the sidewalls of the sidewall, a first portion of the bottom may be wavy plane at a height, and a second part of the wave-shaped portion may be at the maximum height of the lower end of the upper portion. 底部可以包括相对于所述壁的外部点凹入的上部和下部,并且凹入的距离可以等于所述壁的厚度,从而允许所述下部与另一板条箱的顶部开口接合。 The base may comprise upper and lower portions relative to the outer point of the concave wall, and recessed distance may be equal to the thickness of the wall, so as to allow the top of the lower opening of another crate engages. 下部可以具有由下部的外周边限定的区域,并且上部可以具有由上部的外周边限定的区域,侧壁和端壁可以包括内表面和外表面,其中内部区域可以在板条箱的上端处由内表面限定,并且其中外部区域可以在板条箱的上端处由外表面限定,其中所述由下部的外周边限定的区域可以大约等于由上部的外周边限定的区域,并且所述内部区域可以大约等于所述外部区域。 May have a lower portion defined by the outer periphery of a lower region, and may have an upper portion defined by the outer periphery of the upper region, side and end walls may comprise inner and outer surfaces, wherein the inner region may be at the upper end of the crate defining an inner surface, and wherein the outer region may be defined by the outer surface at the upper end of the crate, wherein said lower portion defined by the outer peripheral region may be equal to about the upper periphery defined by the outer region and the inner region may approximately equal to the outer region. 实施方式限定根据本发明的两个板条箱的堆叠,其中第一板条箱和第二板条箱配置成提供在第一板条箱的上端处由内表面限定的内部区域以及由第二板条箱的下部的外周边限定的区域,其中这两个区域相等,以便当第二板条箱被堆叠在第一板条箱顶部上时,防止第一板条箱与第二板条箱之间的运动。 Defined according to embodiment two are stacked crates of the present invention, wherein the first crate and the second crate is configured to provide a first interior region at an upper end of the crate is defined by the inner surface and the second an outer periphery defined by the lower region of the crate, wherein the two regions are equal, so that when the second crate is stacked on top of the first crate, the first crate and the second prevent crate movement between. 第二板条箱的底部可以包括多个通风口,所述多个通风口配置成在第一板条箱与第二板条箱之间提供通气路径。 Bottom of the second crate may comprise a plurality of vents, the vents configured to provide a plurality of venting path between the first crate and the second crate.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015] 下面,将参考附图说明本发明实施方式,附图中: [0015] Next, with reference to the drawings, an embodiment of the present invention, in the drawings:

[0016] 图I示出板条箱实施方式的透视图; [0016] FIG. I shows a perspective view of a crate embodiment;

[0017] 图2示出根据图I的板条箱实施方式的顶视图; [0017] Figure 2 shows a top view of the Figure I embodiment of the crate;

[0018] 图3示出根据图I的板条箱实施方式的侧壁的侧视图; [0019] 图4示出根据图I的板条箱实施方式的端壁的侧视图; [0018] FIG. 3 shows a side view of the embodiment according sidewall embodiment of the crate of FIG. I; [0019] FIG. 4 shows a side view of FIG. I in accordance with the end wall of the crate embodiment;

[0020] 图5示出根据图I的板条箱实施方式的端壁和侧壁的内部侧视图,其在板条箱的转角处展开; [0020] FIG. 5 shows the internal side of the end and side walls of the crate in accordance with Figure I embodiment, which expand at the corner of the crate;

[0021] 图6示出根据板条箱的又一实施方式的多个通气孔和抓握孔的尺寸; [0021] FIG. 6 illustrates a plurality of vent holes and a grip hole size according to still another embodiment of the crate;

[0022] 图7a、图7b示出为局部五个纵向配置的图I至图5的多个板条箱实施方式的布置的透视图; [0022] Figures 7a, 7b diagram showing a configuration of a partial five-down to a plurality of crates I 5 a perspective view of an arrangement of an embodiment;

[0023] 图7c示出根据图7a、图7b布置的板条箱的端壁的侧视图; [0023] Figure 7c shows a side view of an end wall of the crate of FIG. 7b arrangement according to FIG. 7A;

[0024] 图7d示出根据图7a、图7b布置的板条箱的侧壁的侧视图; [0024] Figure 7d illustrates Figures 7a, 7b arranged in a side view of the side wall of the crate;

[0025] 图7e示出根据图7a、图7b布置的板条箱的顶视图; [0025] Figure 7e shows Figures 7a, 7b arranged in a top view of a crate;

[0026] 图8a、图8b示出为局部五个纵向配置的图6实施方式的多个板条箱实施方式的透视图; [0026] Figures 8a, 8b show a partial five-down configuration of the embodiment of FIG. 6 a perspective view of a plurality of crates of the embodiment of the embodiment;

[0027] 图8c示出根据图8a、图8b布置的板条箱的端壁的侧视图; [0027] Figure 8c shows a side view of FIG. 8a, 8b of the end wall arrangement of FIG crate according;

[0028] 图8d示出根据图8a、图8b布置的板条箱的侧壁的侧视图; [0028] FIG. 8d shows Figures 8a, 8b a side view of the arrangement of the side walls of the crate;

[0029] 图8e示出根据图8a、图8b布置的板条箱的顶视图; [0029] Figure 8e shows Figures 8a, 8b a top view of the arrangement of the crate;

[0030] 图9示出具有凸起形状的平滑内表面的板条箱又一实施方式的侧壁的详细顶视图; [0030] FIG. 9 shows the crate smooth surface has a convex shape in a top view of still another embodiment of a detailed embodiment of the sidewall;

[0031] 图10示出具有可打开部分的板条箱的又一实施方式的透视图; [0031] FIG. 10 shows a perspective view of a further embodiment of the openable portion of the crate;

[0032] 图Ila示出具有拱形底部的板条箱的又一实施方式的透视图; [0032] FIG Ila a perspective view of still another embodiment of the crate shown with the arcuate bottom;

[0033] 图Ilb示出根据图Ila的板条箱的另一实施方式的透视图; [0033] FIG Ilb shows a perspective view of another embodiment of the embodiment of FIG Ila crate;

[0034] 图12a、图12b示出根据图11a、图Ilb的板条箱的实施方式的底部的细节; [0034] FIG. 12a, FIG. 12b shows in FIG. 11a, the details of the bottom of the embodiment of FIG Ilb crate embodiment;

[0035] 图13a示出在彼此顶部上堆叠的两个板条箱堆叠的实施方式的局部侧视图;以及 [0035] Figure 13a shows an embodiment stacked on top of each other two crates stacked partial side view; and

[0036] 图13b示出根据图13a的堆叠的又一实施方式的局部侧视图,其中在两个板条箱之间具有空间(S)。 [0036] Figure 13b shows a partial side view of a further embodiment of the stack of Figure 13a, having a space (S) between the two crates.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0037] 图I示出一个实施方式的板条箱100的透视图。 A perspective view [0037] FIG I shows one embodiment of the crate 100. 板条箱100包括底部110和两个相应成对的相对侧壁120以及端壁130。 Crate 100 comprises a bottom 110 and two respective pairwise opposing side walls 120 and end walls 130. 参考图1,侧壁120具有比端壁130大的延度。 Referring to FIG 1, a side wall 120 having a large ductility 130 than the end wall. 侧壁120和端壁130相对于底部110可折叠。 Side walls 120 and end walls 130 relative to the bottom 110 foldable. 特别地,如图I所示,侧壁120和端壁130附接至底部110,以便所述侧壁和端壁可按箭头方向折叠到所述底部上。 In particular, as shown in FIG. I, the side walls 120 and end walls 130 connected to the bottom 110 attached to the side walls and the direction of the end wall may be folded onto the bottom arrow. 在折叠状态下,板条箱100的剩余容积达到最小。 In the folded state, the remaining volume of the crate 100 is minimal. 这是具有优势的,在折叠状态下,板条箱100仅占用低高度。 This is advantageous, in the folded state, the crate 100 occupies only a low height. 因此,大量的空板条箱可以被堆叠到集装架上用于运输。 Thus, a large number of empty crates may be stacked onto a pallet for shipment.

[0038] 在一些实施方式中,板条箱100由塑料制成,以便提供低重量和高稳定性,以便存储和/或运输应用。 [0038] In some embodiments, the crate 100 is made of plastic, to provide a low weight and high stability for storage and / or transport applications.

[0039] 如图I所示,每个侧壁120包括多个通气孔125,同时每个端壁130包括抓握孔135。 [0039] FIG I, each sidewall 120 includes a plurality of vent holes 125, 130 while each end wall 135 comprises a grip hole. 实质上,多个通气孔125位于沿着侧壁120的水平方向101延伸的区域A中。 Substantially, the plurality of vent holes 125 in the region of A 101 extends in the horizontal direction in the side wall 120. 在此,水平方向被定义为沿着相应侧壁的较长侧边的方向。 Here, the horizontal direction is defined as a direction along the longer side of the respective side wall. 此外,实质上,区域A被定义为由板条箱100上端附近的两个连续的加劲构件121、122围绕的区域,其中多个非连续的加劲构件123是不间断的。 In addition, substantially, the region A is defined by two regions close to the upper end of the crate 100 continuous stiffening members 121, 122 around which a plurality of non-continuous stiffening members 123 are uninterrupted. 还能够在图I中看到,当板条箱100处于其展开状态下时,通过使用紧固件140可以将侧壁120和端壁130紧固至彼此。 It can also be seen in FIG. I, when the crate 100 is in its deployed state, side walls 120 and 140 may be secured to the end wall 130 to each other by the use of fasteners.

[0040] 图2示出根据图I的板条箱100的实施方式的顶视图。 [0040] FIG. 2 shows a top view of the embodiment according to FIG I crate 100. 特别地,底部110可包括两对通风口210、220,这两对通风口沿着中心纵向轴线201相对于平行于端壁130的轴线205对称布置。 In particular, the bottom 110 may comprise two pairs of ventilation openings 210, 220, both of vents 201 along the central longitudinal axis relative to the axis 130 parallel to the end walls 205 are arranged symmetrically. 具体地,第一对通风口210中的每个通风口具有等于或大于40mm的宽度212以及等于或大于126_的长度214,同时第二对通风口220中的每个通风口具有等于或大于40mm的宽度222以及等于或大于25mm的长度224。 Specifically, a first pair of vents 210 each having a width equal to or larger than the vent 212 of 40mm and a length equal to or greater than 126_ 214, while the second pair of vents 220 each having a vent greater than or equal to width of 40mm and a length of 222 to 224 is equal to or greater than 25mm. 在此,宽度被定义为平行于端壁130的尺寸,而长度被定义为平行于侧壁120的尺寸。 The width is defined as the dimension parallel to the end wall 130, while the length is defined as the dimension parallel to the sidewall 120. 两对通风口210、220的尺寸应设计为使得所述通风口足够大以便提供通过底部110的适当通风。 Two pairs of vent sizes 210 and 220 should be designed such that the vent is large enough to provide adequate ventilation through the bottom 110. 然而,所述通风口不可被选择为大到使得具体产品将会掉出板条箱100。 However, the vent can not be chosen so large that specific products will fall out of the crate 100. 如已能够在图2中所看到的,侧壁120的内表面121配置成朝向板条箱100的外部弯曲(bent),这将在稍后被详细描述。 As has been able to be seen in FIG. 2, the inner surface of the side wall 120 of the crate 121 arranged to face the outer curved 100 (Bent), which will be described later in detail.

[0041] 图3示出根据图I的板条箱100实施方式的侧壁120的侧视图。 [0041] Figure 3 shows a side view of the side wall of the crate of FIG. I embodiment 100 of embodiment 120. 在图3中,能够清晰地看到多个通气孔125。 In Figure 3, a plurality of vent holes can be clearly seen 125. 特别地,多个通气孔125可以包括一对通气孔310。 In particular, the plurality 125 of vent holes may comprise a pair of vent holes 310. 这些通气孔在一起可以具有类似于抓握孔135的组合形状(对比图I)的组合形状。 These vent holes together with the grip hole 135 may have a composition similar to the shape (compare FIG. I) is a combination of shapes. 这是有利的,因为(例如)当两个板条箱布置成五个纵向配置时,通过适应该组合形状,能够实现一对通气孔310和抓握孔135的最佳重叠。 This is advantageous, because (for example) when the two crates are arranged into five longitudinal configuration, by adapting the combined shape, it is possible to achieve the best overlap one pair of vent holes 310 and 135 of the grip hole. 参考图3,多个通气孔125中的每个通气孔可以具有等于或大于20_的宽度312以及等于或大于24_的长度314。 Referring to FIG 3, the plurality of vent holes 125 each vent hole may have a width equal to or greater than 20_ 312 and a length greater than or equal to 314 24_. 在此,宽度被定义为沿侧壁120的竖直方向301的尺寸,而长度被定义为沿侧壁120的水平方向101的尺寸。 Here, the width is defined as the vertical direction along the side wall 120 of size 301, while the length is defined as a horizontal direction along the side wall 120 of the size of 101. 此外,在图3中清晰地看到,连续的加劲构件121、122和多个非连续的加劲构件123沿侧壁120的竖直方向101延伸。 Furthermore, clearly seen in Figure 3, the continuous stiffening members and a plurality of non-continuous stiffening members 123 extending in the vertical direction of the side walls 121, 122, 101 120.

[0042] 图4示出根据图I实施方式的板条箱100的端壁130的侧视图。 [0042] FIG. 4 shows a side view of the end wall 100 of the crate 130 in accordance with the embodiment of Figure I embodiment. 如能够在图4看到的,抓握孔135相对于板条箱100的两个边缘131、132居中。 As can be seen in Figure 4, the grip hole 135 with respect to two edges 131, 132, 100 crates centered. 抓握孔135还相对于板条箱100的上端凹入约30mm的距离133。 Grip hole 135 with respect to the upper end of the crate 100 is also recessed a distance 133 of about 30mm. 特别地,通过将抓握孔135连接至端壁130的增厚上框架部分134,可提供牢固抓握以运送装载的板条箱100。 In particular, by the grip hole 135 is connected to the frame 130 on the thickened end wall portion 134, can provide a firm grip for transporting the loaded crate 100. 参考图4,抓握孔135可以具有等于或大于30mm的宽度137以及等于或大于IOOmm的长度139。 Referring to Figure 4, the grip hole 135 may have a width 137 equal or larger than 30mm and a length equal to or greater than 139 IOOmm. 在此,宽度被定义为沿端壁130的竖直方向402的尺寸,而同时长度被定义为沿端壁130的水平方向401的尺寸。 The width is defined as the dimension along the end wall 130 in the vertical direction 402, while the length is defined as a horizontal direction along the end wall 130 of the size of 401. 还能够看到的是,抓握孔135从上部点136处的最大水平延度向下部点138处的最小水平延度逐渐变细,从而提供人体工程性的抓握。 It can also be seen that a minimum level of ductility grip hole 135 at a point 138 degrees from the maximum horizontal extension at an upper point 136 tapers downwardly to provide a gripping of the human body engineering. 在图4中还清晰地看到紧固件140。 In Figure 4 the fastener 140 is also clearly visible. 紧固件140可以附接至端壁130,由此所述紧固件能够与在侧壁120的部分126中提供的凹入部128接合。 Fastener 140 may be attached to the end wall 130, whereby the fastener engageable with the recessed portion 126 provided in a portion 128 of side wall 120. 在此,紧固机构可以基于这样的方式工作,紧固件140的位移元件142能够克服弹簧元件的力而移位。 Here, the fastening mechanism may work on this way, the displacement of the fastener element 140 is able to overcome the force of the spring member 142 is displaced. 另外,如在图4中已指示的,端壁130可包括变薄部分410,该变薄部分基本上围绕端壁130的包括抓握孔135的一部分的中央部分。 Further, as already indicated in FIG. 4, the end wall 130 may comprise a thinned portion 410, which surrounds the central portion substantially thinned portion 130 includes an end wall portion of the grip hole 135. 稍后将描述关于变薄部分410的目的和更多细节。 More details about the object and the thinned portion 410 will be described later. 端壁130的进一步表征特征在于,可以靠近端壁130的边界区域提供多个加劲构件420。 Characterized further characterized in that the end wall 130, near the boundary region may be an end wall 130 is provided a plurality of stiffening member 420. 这增大了支撑上述紧固机构的能力。 This increases the ability to support the tightening means.

[0043] 通气孔的布置(第一方面) Arrangement [0043] The vent hole (a first aspect)

[0044] 本发明的第一方面致力于五个纵向配置的缺点,例如,在根据现有技术的相邻板条箱之间不能提供均匀空气流。 [0044] The first aspect of the present invention, the disadvantages of working five-down configuration, for example, can not provide a uniform air flow between adjacent crates according to the prior art.

[0045] 图5从内部示出板条箱100的端壁120和侧壁130的视图,所述板条箱在板条箱100的相同转角505处展开。 [0045] FIG. 5 shows an interior view of the crate from the end wall 100 and side walls 130, 120, the crate 505 expand at the same corner 100 of the crate. 替换地,图5可以还示出邻近第二板条箱520的侧壁522的第一板条箱510的端壁512,其中第一板条箱510在转角505处与第二板条箱520对准。 Alternatively, Figure 5 also shows the side wall adjacent the second crate 520 of the first crate 510 and an end wall 512,522, wherein the first crate 510 at the corner 505 of the second crate 520 alignment. 如图所示,板条箱100的侧壁120,或者替换地,第二板条箱520的侧壁522在区域A中包括多个通气孔125。 As shown, the side walls 120 of the crate 100, or alternatively, the second side wall 522 of the crate 520 comprises a plurality of vent holes 125 in the region A. 在图5中,区域A由虚线501指示。 In FIG. 5, the region A indicated by a dashed 501. 在一些实施方式中,区域A距转角505距离dA并且具有高度hA。 In some embodiments, the pitch angle 505 from the area A and dA have a height hA. 此外,端壁130,或者替换地,第一板条箱510的端壁512包括抓握孔135。 In addition, the end wall 130, or alternatively, the end wall 512 of the first crate 510 comprises the grip hole 135. 在一些实施方式中,抓握孔135距相同的转角505距离deH并且具有高度heH。 In some embodiments, the grip hole 135 from the same corner 505 and has a height from deH heH. 能够在图5所示实施方式中看到,距离dA约等于距离deH,并且高度hA约等于高度heH。 Can be seen in the embodiment shown in FIG. 5, the distance dA is approximately equal to the distance DEH, and the height hA is approximately equal to the height heH. 因此,尤其在五个纵向配置中(参看图7a、图7b、图8a、图Sb),可以实现第一板条箱510的抓握孔135与第二板条箱520的至少一个通风口(例如,通气孔515)的至少部分重叠,并且因此,将获得两个板条箱510、520之间的通气路径。 Thus, especially in the five-down configuration (see FIGS. 7a, 7b, the Figures 8a, Sb), the grip hole 135 may be implemented with the second crate 520 at least one vent 510 of a first crate ( For example, the vent hole 515) at least partially overlap, and thus obtain ventilation paths between the two crates 510, 520.

[0046] 图6示出根据板条箱100的另一实施方式的多个通气孔615和抓握孔135的尺寸。 [0046] FIG. 6 illustrates a plurality of vent holes 615 and the size of the grip hole 135 according to another embodiment of the crate 100. 图6中所示的多个通气孔615可以对应于图3所示的多个通气孔125。 A plurality of vent holes 615 shown in FIG. 6 may correspond to a plurality of vent holes 125 shown in FIG. 在图6所示实施方式中,多个通气孔615沿侧壁120的水平方向101以距离sVH间隔。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, a plurality of vent holes 615 in the horizontal direction along the side wall 120 by a distance of 101 sVH intervals. 另外,每个通气孔可以具有相同的延度并且可以是矩形的。 In addition, each vent hole may have the same ductility and may be rectangular. 如图4所示,这样的距离sVH可以选择成使得该距离比抓握孔135的尺寸leH小,其中尺寸Ira可以对应于最大的水平延度139。 4, such a distance may be selected such that the sVH distance smaller than the size of the grip hole 135 LEH, wherein the size Ira may correspond to the maximum level of ductility 139. 另外,通气孔的水平尺寸Ivh可以选择成比抓握孔135的尺寸Ira小。 Further, the vent hole Ivh horizontal dimension may be selected to be smaller than the size of the grip hole 135 Ira. 通气孔沿竖直方向301的的竖直尺寸还可以比抓握孔135的竖直延度小。 Vent hole 301 in the vertical direction of the vertical dimension may be smaller than the vertical extension of the grip hole 135 degrees. 因此,通常,多个通气孔615的特征尺寸配置成比抓握孔135的特征尺寸小,以便可以提供至少一个通气孔515与抓握孔135重叠,例如在五个纵向配置的情况中。 Thus, generally, a plurality of vent holes 615 feature size is disposed to be smaller than a characteristic dimension of the grip hole 135, so that the at least one vent hole 515 may be provided to overlap with the grip hole 135, for example, in the case of the five-down configuration.

[0047] 图7a、图7b示出在部分五个纵向配置中,参考图I至图5描述的实施方式的多个板条箱的布置700的透视图。 [0047] Figures 7a, 7b show partial five-down configuration, referring to Figure I a perspective view of an arrangement of a plurality of crates of the embodiment described in FIG. 5 embodiment 700. 在该上下文中,“部分”意为仅示出五个纵向配置中的三个而不是五个板条箱100。 In this context, "part" means shows only five longitudinal configuration three instead of five crates 100. 参考图7a、图7b,两个特定板条箱510、520布置成使得第一板条箱510的端壁512邻近第二板条箱520的侧壁522。 Referring to FIG 7a, 7b, the two specific crates 510, 520 are arranged such that the first crate 510 adjacent the second end wall 512 of the crate 520 sidewall 522. 在此,第一板条箱510沿第一纵向轴线701对准,而同时第二板条箱520沿第二纵向轴线702对准。 Here, the first crate 510 is aligned along a first longitudinal axis 701, while the second crate 520 is aligned along a second longitudinal axis 702. 如能够在图7a、图7b中看到的,第一纵向轴线701和第二纵向轴线702相互垂直。 As can be seen in Figure 7a, 7b, the first longitudinal axis 701 second longitudinal axis 702 and perpendicular to each other. 此外,在该五个纵向配置中,第一板条箱510的侧壁720 (其可以对应于图3的侧壁120)以及第二板条箱520的端壁730 (其可以对应于图4的端壁130)对准成齐平。 Further, in the five-down configuration, the side walls 720 of the first crate 510 (which may correspond to the side wall 120 of FIG. 3) and a second end wall 520 crate 730 (which may correspond to FIG. 4 the end wall 130) aligned flush. 相应地,可以提供第一板条箱510的抓握孔125与第二板条箱520的多个通气孔125中的至少一个通气孔的至少部分重叠。 Accordingly, a first crate may be provided at least partially overlapping the grip hole 510 of the second crate 125 and 520 of the plurality of vent holes 125 in at least one vent hole. 因此获得的通气路径710示出空气流的通气路径,该通气路径由黑色箭头指示,从而确保板条箱510、520各自内部的适当通气。 Thus obtained ventilation path 710 shows the ventilation air flow path, the vent path indicated by the black arrow, to ensure proper venting of the interior of the crate 510, 520 each.

[0048] 图7c、图7d和图7e分别示出端壁512、侧壁522和板条箱510的不同视图。 [0048] FIG 7C, FIGS. 7d ​​and 7e show different views of the end wall 512, side walls 522 and 510 of the crate. 具体地,在所示实施方式中,可以在板条箱510的下部中提供另外不同构造的通气区域705;706 ;709,最终导致更好的通气性能。 Specifically, in the illustrated embodiment, the vent area may provide additional different configurations of the lower part of the crate 705 in 510; 706; 709, eventually leading to better ventilation properties.

[0049] 图8a、图8b示出在部分五个纵向配置中,参考图6描述的实施方式的多个板条箱的布置700的透视图。 [0049] Figures 8a, 8b show a perspective view of a plurality of crates arranged in a portion of the embodiment of the five-down configuration, described with reference to FIG 700. 在该上下文中,“部分”意为仅示出五个纵向配置中的三个而不是五个板条箱100。 In this context, "part" means shows only five longitudinal configuration three instead of five crates 100. 参考图8a和图8b,两个特定板条箱510、520布置成使得第一板条箱510的端壁512邻近第二板条箱520的侧壁522。 With reference to Figures 8a and 8b, two specific crates 510, 520 are arranged such that the first crate 510 and an end wall 512 adjacent the side wall of the second crate 520 522. 在此,第一板条箱510沿第一纵向轴线751对准,而同时第二板条箱520沿第二纵向轴线752对准。 Here, the first crate 510 is aligned along a first longitudinal axis 751, while the second crate 520 is aligned along a second longitudinal axis 752. 如能够在图8a、图Sb中看到的,第一纵向轴线751和第二纵向轴线752相互垂直。 As can be seen in FIG. 8a, and Sb, and a first longitudinal axis 751 second longitudinal axis 752 perpendicular to each other. 此外,在该部分五个纵向配置中,第一板条箱510的侧壁770和第二板条箱520的端壁780对准成齐平。 Further, in the five-down configuration in this section, the side wall 510 of the first crate 770 and an end wall of the second crate 520 is aligned flush 780. 对应地,可以提供第一板条箱510的抓握孔135与第二板条箱520的多个通气孔615中的至少一个通气孔515的至少部分重叠,其中重叠区域765由黑色标记指示。 Correspondingly, a first crate may be provided at least partially overlap the at least one vent hole 515 of the grip hole 135 of the second crate 520 with a plurality of vent holes 615 to 510, wherein the overlap region 765 is indicated by a black mark. 因此获得的由箭头指示的通气路径760示出空气流的通气路径,从而确保板条箱510、520各自内部的适当通气。 Thus the vent path indicated by arrow 760 shows the obtained vent path of the air flow, to ensure proper venting of the interior of the crate 510, 520 each.

[0050] 图8c、图8d和图8e分别示出端壁512、侧壁522和板条箱510的不同视图。 [0050] FIG. 8C, FIGS. 8d and 8e show different views of the end wall 512, side walls 522 and 510 of the crate. 具体地,在所示实施方式中,可以在板条箱510下部中和/或靠近所述板条箱的转角(区域757)提供另外不同构造的通气区域755 ;756 ;759,最终导致更好的通气性能。 Specifically, in the embodiment shown, the lower portion of the crate 510 may be and / or near the corners of the crate (area 757) provides additional venting area of ​​a different configuration 755; 756; 759, eventually leading to better ventilation performance.

[0051] 板条箱的内表面(第二方面) [0051] The inner surface of the crate (a second aspect)

[0052] 本发明的第二方面致力于另一缺点,其中已知板条箱的侧壁的内表面是直的并且难免具有尖锐和/或坚硬的物体。 [0052] The second aspect of the present invention further disadvantage is committed, wherein the inner surface of the sidewall of known crates are straight and inevitably has a sharp and / or hard objects.

[0053] 图9更为详细地示出板条箱100的侧壁120的顶视图。 [0053] FIG. 9 shows in more detail a top view of a side wall 120 of the crate 100. 在图9中能够看到侧壁120包括具有加劲构件121、122的加劲构件815,这同样显示在图I中。 It can be seen in FIG. 9 includes a side wall 120 having a stiffening member 121, 122 of the stiffening member 815, which is also shown in Figure I below. 侧壁120可以包括平滑的内表面810,所述平滑内表面成形为朝向板条箱100的外侧的凸起形式。 Sidewall 120 may include a smooth inner surface 810, the smooth inner surface shaped convex form toward the outside of the crate 100. 另外,可以仅在侧壁120的外表面上提供加劲构件815。 Furthermore, stiffening members 815 may be provided only on the outer surface of the sidewall 120. 为了提供平滑的内表面810,板条箱100或者至少侧壁120能够由塑料制成。 To provide a smooth inner surface 810, the crate 100 or at least the side wall 120 can be made of plastic. 能够在图9中看到,凸起形式的平滑内表面810具有比侧壁120的最大横向尺寸dsw小的横向弯曲尺寸I。 It can be seen in FIG. 9, the protrusion 810 has a smooth surface in the form of smaller than the maximum transverse dimension of the side wall 120 of curved transverse dimension dsw I. . 在此,侧向尺寸被定义为沿垂直于侧壁120的横向方向801的尺寸。 Here, the lateral dimension is defined as the dimension along the direction perpendicular to the lateral sidewall 120 801. 内表面810基本上仅在侧壁120的区域B中弯曲。 A substantially curved inner surface 810 only in the area of ​​side wall 120 B. 参考图3,该区域B被定义为这样的区域,在该区域中沿竖直方向301延伸的非连续加劲构件123是中断的。 Referring to Figure 3, this region B is defined as a region of non-continuous stiffening members 301 extending in the vertical direction in the region 123 is interrupted. 因此,区域B为中央区域,该中央区域不靠近板条箱100的转角805,并且该中央区域基本上由连续的加劲构件121、122界定。 Therefore, the region B of the central region, the central region is not near the crate corners 805,100, and the central region defined by a substantially continuous stiffening members 121, 122. 使用凸起形式的内表面810的优势在于,一方面,板条箱100将尤为适合于容纳具有圆形表面部分的产品。 The advantage of using projections in the form of inner surface 810 is that, on the one hand, the crate 100 will especially adapted to receive products having rounded surface portions. 另一方面,因为能够内表面810形成为非常平滑的,即,无尖锐的边和角,所以可以将在产品的运输过程中损坏或者压坏可运输广品的风险减至最小。 On the other hand, since the inner surface 810 can be formed in a very smooth, i.e., without sharp edges and corners, it may be crushed or damaged during transport of the product can be transported to minimize the risk of wide products.

[0054] 快速进入板条箱内部(第三方面) [0054] quickly into the interior of the crate (the third aspect)

[0055] 本发明的第三方面致力于另一缺点,该缺点是关于当特定板条箱例如堆叠成一列而堆放至集装架时,不能快速并且容易地达到该特定板条箱的内部。 [0055] The third aspect of the present invention is directed to further disadvantage, this drawback is on when the specific example crates stacked in a pile while to the pallet, can quickly and easily reach the interior of the particular crate.

[0056] 图10示出具有可打开部分的板条箱100的另一实施方式的透视图。 [0056] FIG. 10 shows a perspective view of another embodiment of the crate with the opening portion 100. 在图10所示实施方式中,端壁130包括变薄部分910,该变薄部分可以对应于图4中所示的变薄部分410,其中变薄部分910可以配置成凹槽。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 10, the end wall 130 comprises a thinned portion 910, which may correspond to the thinned portion thinned portion 410 shown in FIG. 4, wherein the thinned portion 910 may be configured as a recess. 该凹槽910在端壁130中制成,并且围绕预定义区域905的至少三个侧边。 The recess 910 formed in the end wall 130, and around a predefined area 905 of the at least three sides. 如能够在图10实施方式中看到的,预定义区域905基本为矩形。 As can be seen in FIG. 10 embodiment, the predefined area 905 is substantially rectangular. 放大图示出凹槽910包括沿垂直于端壁130的方向的厚度,该厚度比端壁130的厚度Iew的一半大。 Enlarged view showing a thickness direction perpendicular to the end wall 910 includes a groove 130, the large thickness less than half the thickness of the end wall 130 Iew. 凹槽910的该特征允许在其中易于进行切割。 This feature allows the recess 910 cut therein for easy. 此外,沿着凹槽910,可以布置多个孔915,其中每个孔可以具有比凹槽910的宽度912大的直径917。 Moreover, along the grooves 910, 915 may be arranged in a plurality of holes, wherein each hole may have a width larger than the diameter of the groove 910 912 917. 典型地,宽度912可以等于或大于6mm(还可参看图4)。 Typically, the width 912 may be equal to or greater than 6mm (see also FIG. 4). 因此这些孔915的尺寸是这样的,使得刀具能够轻易地被引入这些孔中,然后沿着凹槽910进行切割,其中刀具通常是由控制器使用。 Thus the size of the holes 915 is such that the tool can easily be introduced into these holes, and then cut along the groove 910, wherein the tool is usually used by the controller. 通过切割凹槽910,可以提供可打开部分920,所述可打开部分实质上附接至端壁130。 By cutting the groove 910, opening portion 920, the opening portion may be substantially attached to the end wall 130. 可打开部分920能够按箭头所指展开。 Openable portion 920 can be expanded by the arrow. 提供该可打开部分的目的是使用者能够看到板条箱100的内部,以检查所容纳的产品。 Providing the openable object that the user can see the part of the interior of the crate 100 to check the contained product. 例如,能够检查所承载的水果(例如香蕉)是否已达到一定的成熟度。 For example, inspection can be carried fruit (e.g. banana) has reached a certain maturity. 再者,端壁130可以由塑料制成,以便正常刀具能够被控制器使用。 Further, the end wall 130 may be made of plastic, the tool can be used in order to properly control. 图10的实施方式还示出预定义区域905可以比端壁130的区域的三分之一大,以便提供足够大的检查开口。 The embodiment of FIG. 10 also shows the predefined area 905 may be large than the end wall of the third region 130 so as to provide a large enough inspection opening. 在两个或者更多个板条箱100彼此邻近堆叠(比如具体在图7a、图7b、图8a、图8b中示出的五个纵向配置),这些板条箱100这样布置成使得使用者可达到至少一个端壁130的凹槽910。 (Five longitudinally arranged in such specifically Figures 7a, 7b, the Figures 8a, 8b shown) in two or more crates 100 are stacked adjacent to each other, so that these crates are arranged such that the user 100 It may be at least one end wall of the recess 910,130.

[0057] 拱形板条箱底部(第四方面) [0057] arcuate crate bottom (fourth aspect)

[0058] 本发明的第四方面致力于又一缺点,即当上部板条箱堆叠在下部板条箱的顶部上时,从下部板条箱突出的产品可能被上部板条箱的载荷损坏。 [0058] A fourth aspect of the present invention is directed to a further disadvantage, i.e. when the upper crate is stacked on top of the lower crate, protruding from the lower crate products may be damaged load of the upper crate. · ·

[0059] 图I la、图I Ib示出板条箱100的其他实施方式的透视图,其中特别地,底部110是朝向板条箱100内部弯曲的拱形形状。 [0059] FIG I la, FIG I Ib shows a perspective view of another embodiment of the crate 100, wherein in particular, the base 100 inside the crate 110 is bent toward the arcuate shape. 底部110可以沿着端壁130的方向1001弯曲(参看图11a),或者沿着侧壁120的方向1002弯曲(参看图lib)。 A bottom end 110 may extend along the direction of the curved wall 130 of 1001 (see FIG. 11a), or along a direction 1002 of a curved side wall 120 (see FIG. Lib). 如能够在图11a、图Ilb中清晰看出的,两种设计都在底部110的下表面与平面P之间提供额外的空间S。 As can be clearly seen in FIG. 11a, FIG Ilb, both designs provide an additional space between the lower surface of the bottom 110 and the plane P S. 在此,平面P分别由板条箱100的下端限定。 Here, the plane P are respectively defined by the lower end 100 of the crate.

[0060] 图12a、图12b示出根据图11a、图Ilb的板条箱100的其他实施方式的底部110的细节。 [0060] FIG. 12a, FIG. 12b shows in FIG. 11a, the details of other embodiments of the bottom of the crate of FIG Ilb 100 110. 特别地,图12a为沿着图Ila的线L1 - L1的局部截面图,而12b为沿着图Ila的线L2-L2的局部截面图。 In particular, FIG 12a is along the line L1 of FIG Ila - L1 is a partial sectional view, and 12b is a partial cross-sectional view taken along the line L2-L2 Ila of the. 在图12a和图12b中,底部110包括上部1110和下部1120,其中,下部1120可以相对于板条箱100的壁的外部点1101凹入。 In Figures 12a and 12b, the bottom 110 comprises an upper portion 1110 and lower portion 1120, wherein the lower portion 1120 may point 1101 relative to the outer wall of the crate 100 in the recess. 如能够在图12a的截面面中清晰地看到的,底部110的下部1120可以沿着方向1101向上弯曲,以便获得凸起1125。 As can be clearly seen in the cross-sectional surface of Figure 12a, the lower portion 110 of the bottom portion 1120 may be bent upwardly in the direction of 1101, 1125 in order to obtain projections. 形成的额外空间S在图12a中示出为向右逐渐增加的横截面面积。 The additional space S is formed is shown in Figure 12a to the right gradually increasing cross-sectional area.

[0061] 图12b的局部截面图示出底部110可以在侧壁120附近沿着方向1002具有波浪状形状。 A partial cross-sectional [0061] Figure 12b illustrates a bottom 110 may have a wavy shape 1002 in the direction of the side wall 120 in the vicinity. 如图Ila所示,注意是在板条箱100的边界区域截取L2-L2。 As shown in FIG Ila, note is taken L2-L2 in the boundary region 100 of the crate. 特别地,底部110的波浪状形状使得凸起1125沿方向1002布置,即沿着端壁120布置,这使得底部110非常刚硬。 In particular, the wavy shape of the bottom 110 such that the protrusions 1125 are arranged along the direction 1002, i.e. along the end wall 120 is arranged, which makes the bottom 110 very rigid.

[0062] 在其他实施方式中,从板条箱100的中心纵向轴线开始,凸起1125的曲率还可以在方向1001上(即在较靠近侧壁120的方向上)逐渐变得更加显著。 [0062] In other embodiments, the longitudinal axis starting from the center of the crate 100, the curvature of the projection 1125 may also be in the direction 1001 (i.e. in a direction closer to the side wall 120) gradually becomes more significant.

[0063] 在其他实施方式中,波浪形底部110的第一部分处于平面P的高度处,而波浪形底部110的第二部分至多处于上部1110的下端的高度处,这对应于波浪状形状的最大延度。 Maximum [0063] In other embodiments, the bottom portion 110 of first undulations in the height of the plane P, while the second portion 110 of the bottom undulated at a height up to the lower end of the upper portion 1110, which corresponds to a wave-like shape ductility.

[0064] 图13a、图13b示出了其他实施方式的侧视图,其中,例如,两个板条箱1210、1220堆叠在彼此顶部上。 [0064] FIG. 13a, FIG. 13b shows a side view of another embodiment in which, for example, two crates 1210, 1220 are stacked on top of each other. 在图12和图13所示两种实施方式中,凹入距离dK可以选择成使得该凹入距离等于所述壁的厚度lw。 In both embodiments shown in FIGS. 12 and 13, the recessed distance dK may be selected such that the recessed lw distance equal to the thickness of the wall. 按这种方式,可以实现第二板条箱1220的下部1120与第一板条箱1210顶部开口的接合,从而如图13a所示的防止沿方向1201的横向运动。 In this way, engagement may be achieved with the top opening of the first crate 1210 of lower portion 1220 of the second crate 1120, thereby preventing 13a in FIG lateral movement in a direction 1201 shown in FIG.

[0065] 在其他实施方式中,下部1120具有由下部1120的外周界限定的区域Auj,而上部1110具有由上部1110的外周界限定的区域AUP。 [0065] In other embodiments, the lower portion 1120 having a predetermined outer perimeter of a lower zone auj 1120, 1110 and an upper portion having a predetermined outer perimeter of the upper region 1110 AUP. 此外,内部区域Ais可以在板条箱100的上端处由所述壁的内表面限定,而外部区域Affi可以在板条箱100上端处由所述壁的外表面限定。 Further, at the inner area may be defined by Ais inner surface of the wall at the upper end of the crate 100, while the outer region can be at Affi defined by the outer surface of the wall at the upper end of the crate 100. 特别地,区域Auj大致等于区域AIS,而区域Aup大致等于区域k出。 In particular, the region is substantially equal to the AIS Auj region, and the region is substantially equal to the area k Aup out.

[0066] 在进一步实施方式中,在第一板条箱1210的上端处由所述内表面限定的内部区域Ακλ可以等于由第二板条箱1220的下部的外周界限定的区域Au^2,以便当第二板条箱1220被堆叠在第一板条箱1210的顶部上时第一板条箱1210和第二板条箱1220准确地堆置在一起。 [0066] In a further embodiment, at the end of the first crate 1210 inside the region defined by said inner surface Ακλ may be equal to the limits given by the outer periphery of the lower portion 1220 of the second crate area Au ^ 2, so that the first crate 1210 and the second crate 1220 stacked together precisely when the second crate 1220 is stacked on top of the first crate 1210.

[0067] 在其他实施方式中,第二板条箱1220的底部110可以还包括多个通风口,以便在第一板条箱1210与第二板条箱1220之间提供通气路径。 [0067] In other embodiments, the bottom of the second crate 1220 may also include a plurality of vents 110, to provide a vent path between the first crate 1210 and the second crate 1220.

[0068] 参考图13b,提供额外的空间S的优点实质上在于,当两个或者更多个板条箱在彼此顶部上堆叠成一列而堆放至集装架上时,可有效地防止延伸超过所述列中的下部板条箱1210的上端的产品1205 (例如香蕉的突出平面P的弯曲部分)被所述列中的上部板条箱1220的重载挤压。 Advantages [0068] Referring to FIG 13b, provides additional space S that is substantially, when two or more crates are stacked on top of each other while stacked to a pallet, can be effectively prevented from extending beyond upper end of the column 1210 of the lower crate 1205 product (e.g. a curved portion projecting plane P bananas) is the upper crate 1220 of the column overloading extrusion. [0069]总之,本发明的实施方式提供了一种板条箱,例如香蕉板条箱,其中板条箱的通气孔设计在板条箱堆叠成使得两个板条箱布置成一个板条箱的端壁与另一个板条箱的侧壁相邻(例如,五个纵向配置)的情况下,允许板条箱内部适当的通气。 [0069] In summary, embodiments of the present invention provide a crate such as a banana crate, wherein the vent holes designed crates stacked such that two crates are arranged into a crate on the crate a case where the end and side walls adjacent to another crate (e.g., five-down configuration) to allow proper ventilation inside the crate. 具体地,通过提供通气路径,利用该设计可以实现均匀的空气分布,从而实现恒定的温度控制以保证水果品质。 Specifically, by providing the vent path, using this design can achieve uniform air distribution, thereby achieving a constant temperature control to ensure that the quality of the fruit.

[0070] 在此,侧壁中的通气孔布置使得至少一个通气孔在离每个角一定距离处设置在所述侧壁中,其中该距离等于端壁中的抓握孔离同一个转角的距离,从而在如上述那样堆叠多个板条箱的情况下,确保抓握孔与至少一个通气孔的至少部分重叠。 [0070] Here, the vent hole is arranged such that the side walls of the at least one vent hole at a distance from each corner is provided in the side walls, wherein the distance is equal to the grip hole in the end wall from one corner of the same distance such as in the case of a plurality of stacked crates as described above, to ensure that the grip hole and at least partially overlaps the at least one vent hole. 根据其他实施方式,可以提供成对的通气孔,所述成对的通气孔可以一起具有类似于抓握孔的形状。 According to other embodiments, the vent holes may be provided in pairs, the pair of vent holes may have a shape similar to the grip hole together. 并且,等距的多个通气孔可以具有比抓握孔尺寸小的间隔。 And, a plurality of equally spaced vent holes may have a smaller pore size than the gripping interval.

[0071] 这些实施方式的另一方面是平滑的内表面,其中所述平滑的内表面成形为朝向外侧的凸起形式,并且因此,通过提供凸起的或弯曲的内表面,具有圆形表面的产品(例如香蕉)更易于容纳在板条箱的侧部处。 [0071] Another aspect of these embodiments is smooth inner surface, wherein said smooth inner surface shaped in a convex form toward the outside, and thus, by providing the convex or curved inner surface having a circular surface product (e.g., bananas) more easily accommodated at the side portions of the crate. 这既可以应用于侧壁也可以应用于端壁。 This may be applied to the side walls may be applied to the end wall. 根据其他实施方式,加劲构件(如肋状物等)仅被提供在板条箱的外侧。 According to other embodiments, stiffening members (e.g., ribs, etc.) are provided only on the outside of the crate.

[0072] 这些实施方式的又一个特征是在端壁中提供变薄部分,该变薄部分允许对其进行切割从而提供允许板条箱的使用者查看板条箱内部的开口,这对于针对完整的一批板条箱来确定板条箱内部的产品(例如香蕉)是否已达到所需的成熟度是重要的。 [0072] Yet another feature of these embodiments is to provide a thinned portion in the end wall, the thinned portion allowing it to be cut to provide the user to view the interior of the crate opening allows crate, for which complete data for to determine the number of crates inside the crate products (such as bananas) has reached the desired maturity is important.

[0073] 第四特征涉及拱形的底部。 [0073] The fourth feature relates arcuate bottom. 这对板条箱内部的产品并无任何直接的影响,而是对在彼此顶部堆叠多个板条箱有影响。 This does not have any direct impact on the products inside the crate, but rather stacked on top of each other more influential crates. 这允许在板条箱下方提供额外的空间,从而避免损坏自下部板条箱上端轻微突出的产品。 This allows providing additional space in a crate below, thereby avoiding damage to the lower part of the crate from the upper end slightly protrudes products. 拱形和波浪形底部允许适应这种在板条箱下方轻微突出的产品。 Arcuate bottom and allowed to acclimate undulated this protruding slightly below the crate product.

[0074] 上述实施方式仅用于说明本发明原理。 [0074] The above-described embodiments are merely illustrative of the principles of the present invention. 应理解,对于本领域技术人员,本文详细描述的布置和细节的修正和变化是显而易见的。 Should be understood to those skilled in the art, modifications and changes in the details and arrangement are described in detail herein will be apparent. 因此,意欲仅由专利权利要求的范围而不是通过具体细节来限制本发明,这些具体细节通过对本文实施方式的描述和说明的方式呈现。 Accordingly, it is intended only by the patent claims and not to limit the scope of the present invention through specific details of these specific details presented by way of embodiment herein described and illustrated embodiment.

Claims (7)

  1. 1. 一种板条箱(100),包括底部(110)和两个相应成对的相对侧壁(120)以及端壁(130),其中所述底部(110)朝向所述板条箱(100)的内部呈拱形弯曲,以便在所述底部(110)的下表面与由所述板条箱(100)的下端限定的平面(P)之间提供空间(S)。 A crate (100), comprising a bottom (110) and two respective pairwise opposing side walls (120) and an end wall (130), wherein said bottom portion (110) towards the crate ( internal 100) is arched bent, so as to provide a space (S) between the plane (P) of the lower surface of the base (110) with a lower end of the crate (100) is defined.
  2. 2.根据权利要求I所述的板条箱,其中,所述底部(Iio)沿着所述板条箱(100)的端壁(130)的方向(1001)或沿着所述板条箱的侧壁(120)的方向(1002)呈拱形。 The crate of claim I, wherein the direction of the bottom (Iio) along the crate (100) end wall (130) (1001) or along the crate direction of the side wall (120) (1002) is arched.
  3. 3.根据权利要求I或2所述的板条箱,其中,所述底部(110)在所述侧壁(120)的边界区域中沿着所述侧壁(120)的方向(1002)呈波浪形,并且其中波浪形的所述底部(110)的第一部分在所述平面(P)的高度处,并且其中波浪形的部分(110)的第二部分至多处在上部(1110)的下端的高度处。 The crate of claim I or claim 2, wherein, in the boundary region of the side wall (120) of said bottom (110) in a direction along the sidewall (120) (1002) as a wavy, and wherein a first portion of the bottom portion (110) of the undulating height of the plane (P), and wherein the portion (110) of the second portion of the wavy lower end up in the upper portion (1110) in height.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1-3中的一项所述的板条箱,其中,所述底部(110)包括相对于所述壁的外部点(1101)凹入的上部(1110)和下部(1120),其中凹入的距离(dK)等于所述壁的厚度(lw),从而允许所述下部(1120)与另一板条箱的顶部开口接合。 The crate according to one of claims 1-3, wherein said bottom portion (110) includes a point with respect to said outer wall (1101) of the upper recess (1110) and lower (1120 ), wherein the recessed distance (dK) equal to the thickness (LW) of the wall, so as to allow the lower portion (1120) with the top opening of another crate engages.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1-4中的一项所述板的条箱,其中,所述下部(1120)具有由所述下部(1120)的外周界限定的区域(AuO,并且其中所述上部(1110)具有由所述上部(1110)的外周界限定的区域(AUP),所述侧壁(120)和端壁(130)包括内表面和外表面,其中,一内部区域(Ais)在所述板条箱(100)的上端处由所述内表面限定,并且其中一外部区域(Are)在所述板条箱(100)的上端处由所述外表面限定,其中所述区域(AuO大致等于所述区域(Ais)且所述区域(Aup)大致等于所述区域(I)。 The crate 1-4 of the one plate as claimed in claim, wherein said lower portion (1120) having a said lower portion (1120) of the outer perimeter of a predetermined area (AuO, and wherein said upper portion ( the outer perimeter of a predetermined area (the AUP) 1110) having a said upper portion (1110) of the side wall (120) and an end wall (130) includes an inner surface and an outer surface, an inner region (Ais) in the said upper end of the crate (100) is defined by at the inner surface, and wherein an outer region (Are) at the upper end of the crate (100) is defined by at the outer surface, wherein the region (AuO is substantially equal to the area (Ais) and the region (Aup) is substantially equal to the area (I).
  6. 6.两个根据权利要求1-5中的一项所述的板条箱的堆叠,其中,第一板条箱(1210)和第二板条箱(1220)被构造成提供在所述第一板条箱(1210)的上端处由所述内表面限定的内部区域(Aim)以及由所述第二板条箱(1220)的下部(1120)的外周界限定的区域(\Ρ,2),其中所述区域(Aim)与所述区域(Au^2)相等,以便在所述第二板条箱(1220)堆叠在所述第一板条箱(1210)的顶部上时防止所述第一板条箱(1210)与所述第二板条箱(1220)之间的移动。 6. The two stacked crates as claimed in claims 1-5, wherein the first crate (1210) and the second crate (1220) is configured to provide the first the upper end of a crate (1210) at the interior region (of Aim) defined by said inner surface and said second predetermined by the lower crate (1220) (1120) of the outer perimeter of the area (\ Ρ, 2 2 is prevented) are equal), wherein the region (of Aim) with the region (Au ^, in order to stack on top of the first crate (1210) of the second crate (1220) said movement between the first crate (1210) and the second crate (1220).
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的堆叠,其中,所述第二板条箱(1220)的底部(110)包括多个通风口,所述多个通风口被构造成在所述第一板条箱(1210)与所述第二板条箱(1220)之间提供通风路径。 7. A stack according to claim 6, wherein the bottom of the second crate (1220) (110) comprises a plurality of vents, the vents are configured in a plurality of the first strip provide ventilation path between the tank (1210) and the second crate (1220).
CN 201180018122 2010-03-30 2011-03-28 Crate CN102971224B (en)

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US12749716 US8978921B2 (en) 2010-03-30 2010-03-30 Crate
PCT/EP2011/054666 WO2011120887A1 (en) 2010-03-30 2011-03-28 Crate

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WO2011120887A1 (en) 2011-10-06 application
CA2794981A1 (en) 2011-10-06 application
CN102971224B (en) 2016-05-25 grant
JP2013523540A (en) 2013-06-17 application
RU2012146257A (en) 2014-12-10 application
JP5612192B2 (en) 2014-10-22 grant
CA2794981C (en) 2013-10-22 grant

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