CN102962127A - Household garbage sorting device - Google Patents

Household garbage sorting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102962127A
CN102962127A CN2012104905653A CN201210490565A CN102962127A CN 102962127 A CN102962127 A CN 102962127A CN 2012104905653 A CN2012104905653 A CN 2012104905653A CN 201210490565 A CN201210490565 A CN 201210490565A CN 102962127 A CN102962127 A CN 102962127A
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China
Prior art keywords
belt
waste
sorting device
sorting
metal
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CN2012104905653A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102962127B (en
Inventor
席北斗
贾璇
李鸣晓
祝超伟
夏训峰
于飞
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Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences
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Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences
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Priority to CN201210490565.3A priority Critical patent/CN102962127B/en
Publication of CN102962127A publication Critical patent/CN102962127A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a household garbage sorting device which comprises a sorting device, an electromagnetic separator and a magnetic separation belt, wherein a garbage inlet and waste outlet are respectively arranged at two sides of the top of the sorting device; a feeding belt is arranged at the garbage inlet of the sorting device; a metal discharging port is arranged below the feeding belt; a metal catching belt is arranged below the metal discharging port; the waste outlet is connected with a waste belt; the waste belt is respectively connected with a material outlet and a material output belt; the electromagnetic separator is arranged at the inner upper part of the sorting device; the magnetic separation belt surrounds on an outer ring of the electromagnetic separator; a reversing bounce belt is arranged below the electromagnetic separator; the horizontal plane included angle of the feeding belt is 5-20 degrees; and the feeding belt is parallel to the running directions of the magnetic separation belt and the reversing bounce belt. The invention also discloses a method for sorting garbage by using the sorting device.

Description

The one way of life garbage sorting device
Technical field
The invention belongs to house refuse mechanical sorting technical field, relate to the one way of life garbage sorting device.
The invention still further relates to and utilize said apparatus to carry out the method for refuse classification.
Background technology
Fast development along with urbanization; the annual production of China's domestic waste is near 1.5 hundred million tons; China has the city more than 65% to be absorbed in the predicament in house refuse besieged city approximately; the house refuse discarded object not only affects urban look; and have a strong impact on the healthy of people, domestic garbage resource, minimizing, the innoxious important issue that becomes city environmental protection.
The processing method of house refuse comprises burning, landfill, compost etc.Because China domestic waste moisture is high, it is complicated to form, particle size differences is large, often contain thick rubbish and can not the Composting material.These materials can affect the normal operation of refuse treatment plant, reduce the dischargeable capacity of fermentation cabin, and make compost be difficult to reach innoxious requirement, thereby affect the quality of composting production, therefore must carry out sorting to satisfy the subsequent treatment needs.The preprocess methods such as sorting can be removed thick rubbish and reduce can not the Composting content of material, and the homogenising that compost material granularity and moisture content are acquired a certain degree.Granulated garbage diminishes, and the material table area change promotes sweat thereby be convenient to microbial reproduction.
Traditional refuse classification mainly relies on rubbish source classification and manual sorting, and the method depends on the raising of social environment consciousness, and labour intensity is large, and production environment is abominable, and separating effect is undesirable.Along with the progress of mechanization, the house refuse mechanical sorting comes into one's own day by day.At present, rubbish mechanical sorting mode mainly contains cylinder screening, pneumatic separating, waterpower sorting, metal magnetic separation etc.Wherein, the magnetic separating of house refuse is a kind of method that the ferromagnetic material component is separated by the magnetic field that magnetic plant produces.Because China's house refuse moisture content is generally higher, the mutual adhesions of each component such as the metallics in the house refuse and glass, plastics, organic matter have increased the sorting difficulty of ferromagnetic material.The magnetic plant that conventional garbage is processed can only sub-elect the metal of the big-and-middle-sized particle of part, granule metal, semimetal, battery, lighter etc. can't be solved and organic effective sorting can be piled, and the metallics efficiency of separation is low, poisonous and hazardous magnetic polluting waste follows material to enter the treatment and finishing sections such as compost or landfill, causes the serious wasting of resources and secondary pollution.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the one way of life garbage sorting device.
Another purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of method of utilizing said apparatus to carry out sorting consumer waste.
For achieving the above object, domestic waste sorting device provided by the invention, its primary structure comprises:
One sorting unit, the both sides at its top are respectively garbage inlet and waste outlet;
The garbage inlet place of sorting unit is equipped with feed belt, and the below of feed belt offers the metal discharging opening, and the below of this metal discharging opening is equipped with the metal belt that connects material;
Waste outlet connects the waste material belt, and this waste material belt connects respectively material discharging opening and material output belt;
One electromagnetic separator is installed in the top of sorting unit inside;
One magnetic separation belt is looped around on the outer ring of this electromagnetic separator;
The below of electromagnetic separator is equipped with commutation bounce-back belt;
The end height that feed belt is positioned at garbage inlet is higher than the other end of feed belt, and horizontal plane angle is the 5-20 degree, and feed belt is parallel with the traffic direction of magnetic separation belt, commutation bounce-back belt.
Described domestic waste sorting device, wherein, electromagnetic separator is an electromagnet, is installed in apart from 1/5-1/3 place, sorting unit top.
Described domestic waste sorting device, wherein, commutation bounce-back belt is installed in apart from 2/5-2/3 place, sorting unit top.
Described domestic waste sorting device, wherein, the metal belt that connects material is vertical with feed belt.
Described domestic waste sorting device, wherein, the material discharging opening is positioned at the below of waste material belt; The height that material output belt is positioned at waste material belt one end is lower than the other end of material output belt, is the 5-25 degree with horizontal plane angle, and it is vertical that waste material belt and material are exported belt, and waste material belt and the metal belt that connects material is parallel.
Described domestic waste sorting device, wherein, the end that the abolishment outlet is positioned at sorting unit is higher than the other end, and horizontal plane angle is the 10-30 degree.
Described domestic waste sorting device, wherein, the sorting unit top is provided with the foul smell delivery outlet, and is connected with odor treatment device.
The method of utilizing above-mentioned domestic waste sorting device to carry out refuse classification provided by the invention:
House refuse by feed belt after garbage inlet is sent into domestic waste sorting device, ferromagnetic material in the rubbish falls into the metal belt that connects material from the metal discharging opening and reclaims under the effect of electromagnetic separator and magnetic separation belt, residual refuse changes its direction of motion by commutation bounce-back belt, and with commutation bounce-back belt generation elastic collision, because the density of all kinds of material compositions, proportion and suffered air drag are different and separated, wherein heavy material composition is delivered to the disposal of waste material line landfill through the material discharging opening by the waste material belt; The material composition that proportion is little is delivered to in-vessel composting system through the material discharging opening by material output belt.The foul smell that assorting room produces drains into odor treatment device through the foul smell delivery outlet.
The invention has the advantages that:
1) the present invention organically combines electromagnetism separation, material commutation bounce-back, gravity separation technology, in the separation of ferromagnetic material rubbish heterogeneity component is separated sorting, and refuse classification efficient significantly improves;
2) device of the present invention is desirable to the ferromagnetic material separating effect, the magnetic materials such as the battery more than 95%, lighter, bottle cap can be separated with rubbish, reduces heavy metal pollution, improves the subsequent product quality;
3) device of the present invention is provided with the foul smell gathering system, reduces the secondary pollution dischargings such as foul gas;
4) device construction of the present invention is simple, compact, and floor space is little, is easy to processing and manufacturing.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the right view of apparatus of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1 garbage inlet; 2 feed belts; 3 electromagnetic separators; 4 magnetic separation belts; The 5 metals belt feeder that connects material; 6 metal discharging openings; 7 commutation bounce-back machines; 8 waste outlets; 9 waste material belt feeders; 10 material discharging openings; 11 materials output belt feeder; 12 discharge ducts.
The specific embodiment
The device that is used for sorting consumer waste that the present invention proposes is comprised of connect material belt, output belt, waste material belt etc. of electromagnetic separator, magnetic-separation belt conveyor, commutation bounce-back belt, feed belt, metal.
The sorting unit main body is double-layer structure up and down, apart from sorting unit top 1/5-1/3 At The Height electromagnetic separator 3 is installed, and this electromagnetic separator 3 is an electromagnet, and the periphery of electromagnetic separator 3 is surrounded with magnetic separation belt 4; Apart from sorting unit top 2/5-2/3 At The Height material commutation bounce-back belt 7 is installed.Because the density of each component, proportion and suffered air drag are different in the house refuse, when material after feed belt 2 enters sorting unit, the ferromagnetic material particle that magnetic is stronger in the rubbish is adsorbed on the magnetic separation belt 4 of the electromagnetic separator 3 that produces magnetic field, ferromagnetic material is recycled by connect material belt feeder 5 of metal through metal discharging opening 6 under the acting in conjunction of electromagnetic separator and magnetic separation belt, and weak magnetic and non-magnetic particle are dropped on the commutation bounce-back belt 7 by the effect of self gravitation, finish the magnetic separation process.
The material (such as masonry, footwear, rubber etc.) that dropping to commutation bounce-back belt 7 and elastic collision occurs is separated, deliver to waste material line landfill by waste material belt feeder 9 and dispose, the rubbish that the remaining content of organic matter is higher is delivered to follow-up composting device by material output belt feeder 11.
Wherein, garbage inlet 1 is positioned at the device top, the height that feed belt 2 is positioned at an end of garbage inlet 1 is higher than the other end (horizontal plane angle is the 5-20 degree) of feed belt 1, and the roller bearing of feed belt 2 is parallel with the roller bearing of magnetic separation belt 4, commutation bounce-back belt 7.
Wherein, metal discharging opening 6 and garbage inlet 1 homonymy, be positioned at garbage inlet 1 under, the metal belt 5 that connects material is vertical with feed belt 2.
Wherein, waste outlet 8 is positioned at the middle part of sorting unit, and waste material belt 9 is the 5-20 degree with horizontal plane angle, and is vertical with the outfeed belt of waste outlet below, parallel with the metal belt that connects material.
Wherein, material discharging opening 10 be positioned at waste outlet 8 under, link to each other with material output belt 11, the height that material output belt 11 is positioned at an end of material discharging opening 10 is higher than the other end (horizontal plane angle is the 10-30 degree) that material is exported belt 11, and material output belt 11 is vertical with waste material belt 9.
Wherein, the top of sorting unit is provided with discharge duct 12 and links to each other with blower fan, is used for the real-time collecting of assorting room foul smell, reduces the secondary pollution discharging.
The present invention can realize the effective separation sorting of ferromagnetic material in the house refuse, masonry, organic easy degradation material, improves the refuse classification effect, reduces the secondary pollution discharging, is conducive to improve the recovery utilization rate of renewable material.
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the present invention is done and to illustrate in greater detail.
House refuse enters sorting unit through garbage inlet 1 under the conveying of feed belt 2, ferromagnetic material is being recycled through metal discharging opening 6 under metal connects material belt feeder 5 drives under the acting in conjunction of electromagnetic separator 3 and magnetic separation belt 4.Residual refuse is different according to density of fraction, proportion and air drag, after material enters sorting unit, under 7 effects of commutation bounce-back machine, change its direction of motion, be separated with the material of commutation bounce-back belt generation elastic collision, deliver to waste material line landfill through waste outlet 8 by waste material belt 9 and dispose.The material that the residue content of organic matter is higher is delivered to follow-up composting device through material discharging opening 10 by material output belt feeder 11, thereby realizes the purpose of house refuse magnetic separation and sorting.The foul gas that produces in the assorting room is delivered to odor treatment device through discharge duct 12, reduces the secondary pollution discharging.
A specific embodiment is as follows:
The destructor plant for the treatment of capacity 1,000 ten thousand ton per days, three high 6m of concentration equipment of rubbish, electromagnetic separator 3 and magnetic separation belt 4 are positioned at 5.5 meters eminences of device, and 1 meter of vertical lower is commutation bounce-back belt 7.Garbage inlet 1 is 10 degree with horizontal plane angle, and feed belt wide 2 be 160cm, metal discharging opening 6 be positioned at garbage inlet 1 under, the metal belt 5 wide 80cm that connect material, direction and feed belt 2 are 90 and spend.Rubbish is after magnetic separation and commutation bounce-back sorting, and the hard-degraded substances such as masonry, glass, footwear, rubber are delivered to the waste material line through waste outlet 8, and waste outlet 8 is 10 degree with horizontal plane angle.Wherein masonry is as construction material or landfill, glass, the recycling of rubber-like material, and waste material line belt 9 is wide to be 80cm.Residue degradable material is transported to fermentation cabin through material discharging opening 10 by material output belt 11 and carries out compost treatment after the sorting, and material output belt 11 is wide be 160cm, is 15 to spend with horizontal plane angle.The magnetisable material efficiency of separation in the house refuse warp is 98%, and wherein bottle cap, battery and the lighter efficiency of separation are 100%; The hard-degraded substances such as masonry, footwear, glass obtain effective separation, and the material content of organic matter is increased to more than 60%, is conducive to the raising of the follow-up compost treatment of rubbish and quality of compost products.

Claims (9)

1. one way of life garbage sorting device, its primary structure comprises:
One sorting unit, the both sides at its top are respectively garbage inlet and waste outlet;
The garbage inlet place of sorting unit is equipped with feed belt, and the below of feed belt offers the metal discharging opening, and the below of this metal discharging opening is equipped with the metal belt that connects material;
Waste outlet connects the waste material belt, and this waste material belt connects respectively material discharging opening and material output belt;
One electromagnetic separator is installed in the top of sorting unit inside;
One magnetic separation belt is looped around on the outer ring of this electromagnetic separator;
The below of electromagnetic separator is equipped with commutation bounce-back belt;
Feed belt is parallel with the traffic direction of magnetic separation belt, commutation bounce-back belt.
2. domestic waste sorting device according to claim 1, wherein, electromagnetic separator is an electromagnet, is installed in apart from 1/5-1/3 place, sorting unit top.
3. domestic waste sorting device according to claim 1, wherein, commutation bounce-back belt is installed in apart from 2/5-2/3 place, sorting unit top.
4. domestic waste sorting device according to claim 1, wherein, the metal belt that connects material is vertical with feed belt.
5. domestic waste sorting device according to claim 1, wherein, the material discharging opening is positioned at the below of waste material belt; The height that material output belt is positioned at waste material belt one end is lower than the other end of material output belt, is the 5-20 degree with horizontal plane angle, and it is vertical that waste material belt and material are exported belt, and waste material belt and the metal belt that connects material is parallel.
6. domestic waste sorting device according to claim 1, wherein, the height that feed belt is positioned at an end of garbage inlet is higher than the other end of feed belt, and horizontal plane angle is the 5-20 degree; The height that waste outlet is positioned at an end of sorting unit is higher than the other end, and horizontal plane angle is the 10-30 degree.
7. domestic waste sorting device according to claim 1, wherein, the sorting unit top is provided with the foul smell delivery outlet, and is connected with odor treatment device.
8. method of utilizing the described domestic waste sorting device of claim 1 to carry out refuse classification:
House refuse by feed belt after garbage inlet is sent into sorting unit, ferromagnetic material in the rubbish falls into the metal belt that connects material from the metal discharging opening and reclaims under the effect of electromagnetic separator and magnetic separation belt, residual refuse changes its direction of motion by commutation bounce-back belt, and with commutation bounce-back belt generation elastic collision, because the density of all kinds of material compositions, proportion and suffered air drag are different and separated, wherein heavy material composition is delivered to the disposal of waste material line landfill through the material discharging opening by the waste material belt; The material composition that proportion is little is delivered to in-vessel composting system through the material discharging opening by material output belt.
9. method according to claim 8, wherein, the foul smell that assorting room produces drains into odor treatment device through the foul smell delivery outlet.
CN201210490565.3A 2012-11-27 2012-11-27 One way of life garbage sorting device Active CN102962127B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102962127B CN102962127B (en) 2016-06-08

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2280559Y (en) * 1996-08-12 1998-05-06 赵中林 Dry vibration magnetic separator
CN2398008Y (en) * 1999-11-12 2000-09-27 西安建筑科技大学 Magnetic blanket gold selecting machine
CN2452619Y (en) * 2000-11-18 2001-10-10 阮旭煜 Combination type magnetic selection machine
CN1460562A (en) * 2003-06-15 2003-12-10 赵晓光 High-effective environment-protecting harmless refuse treatment method
CN101185926A (en) * 2007-11-26 2008-05-28 合加资源发展股份有限公司 Garbage magnetic selection classification process and equipment
CN202238301U (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-05-30 铁岭市陆平粮油仓储设备厂 Suspended dry magnetic separator with extrusion rollers

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2280559Y (en) * 1996-08-12 1998-05-06 赵中林 Dry vibration magnetic separator
CN2398008Y (en) * 1999-11-12 2000-09-27 西安建筑科技大学 Magnetic blanket gold selecting machine
CN2452619Y (en) * 2000-11-18 2001-10-10 阮旭煜 Combination type magnetic selection machine
CN1460562A (en) * 2003-06-15 2003-12-10 赵晓光 High-effective environment-protecting harmless refuse treatment method
CN101185926A (en) * 2007-11-26 2008-05-28 合加资源发展股份有限公司 Garbage magnetic selection classification process and equipment
CN202238301U (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-05-30 铁岭市陆平粮油仓储设备厂 Suspended dry magnetic separator with extrusion rollers

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