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CN102961130A - Wireless three-electrode ECG (electrocardiogram) acquisition system - Google Patents

Wireless three-electrode ECG (electrocardiogram) acquisition system Download PDF

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CN102961130A
CN102961130A CN 201210518099 CN201210518099A CN102961130A CN 102961130 A CN102961130 A CN 102961130A CN 201210518099 CN201210518099 CN 201210518099 CN 201210518099 A CN201210518099 A CN 201210518099A CN 102961130 A CN102961130 A CN 102961130A
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module
data
electrode
acquisition
system
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CN 201210518099
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Chinese (zh)
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陈敏
杨天楚
杨天若
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常州普适信息科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a wireless three-electrode ECG (electrocardiogram) acquisition system. A pathological data acquisition module is connected with a data processing module by a signal and is used for transmitting output data to a communication module; an MAC (Media Access Control) protocol module, a system safety and privacy protection module and a pathological data evaluation module are connected with the communication module respectively; the communication module is connected with an application module in a wireless data transmission manner; the pathological data acquisition module comprises a circuit board unit; the circuit board unit is connected with an electrode unit; and the electrode unit comprises three electrodes arranged in different positions. In the manner, the number of the electrodes is decreased, and meanwhile synthetic data are enabled to have high relevance with a 12-electrode result which is directly observed, wherein three fourths of correlation coefficients are higher than 0.75; the wireless three-electrode ECG acquisition system is simple in structure, convenient to use and easy to establish and carry; real physical conditions of patients can be reflected; and the diagnostic accuracy of the EGG acquisition system with a small number of electrodes is improved.

Description

无线三电极心电图采集系统 Wireless ECG acquisition system three-electrode

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及心电图检测领域,特别是涉及一种无线三电极心电图采集系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to an electrocardiogram detecting, and more particularly, to a three-electrode wireless ECG acquisition system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 标准12导联心电图系统要求采用10个电极并规定了其放置位置。 [0002] Standard 12-lead ECG systems require electrodes 10 and a predetermined position thereof is placed. 这10个电极组合成12个导联。 This electrode assembly 10 into a 12-lead. 由于大多数心脏病学家被训练理解这种标准12导联的心电图,大量的心电图装置和采集是按这10个电极的放置要求放置的。 Since most trained cardiologist be appreciated that the standard 12-lead electrocardiogram, a large number of ECG acquisition means and are placed according to claim 10 which is placed electrodes. 然而,每次采集之前放置这12个电极到规定的位置需要专业的人员和相对长的时间。 However, it is placed before each acquisition electrode 12 to a predetermined position requires professional staff and relatively long time. 这给受试者带来了不便。 This inconvenience to the subject.

[0003] 心电图被广泛的应用于心脏病的监控和诊断,尤其适用于传导组织损坏,电解质紊乱和不规则心律的观测。 [0003] ECG is widely used in the monitoring and diagnosis of heart disease, especially for conducting tissue damage observed electrolyte imbalance and irregular heart rhythm. 通常,心电图分为四个类型:常用12极心电图系统,身体受压心电图系统,矢量心电图系统和无线单电极心电图系统。 Typically, ECG divided into four types: Common electrode ECG system 12, the pressure receiving body ECG system, the vector system and a wireless electrocardiogram ECG single electrode system. 为了能使心电图更方便,更容易建立和更易于携带,无线单电极心电图被研发出来。 In order to make the electrocardiogram more convenient and easier to build and easier to carry, wireless single-electrode ECG is developed.

[0004] 它由一个小的PCB板和附着单个电极,负责收集前端心电图信号,模数转换和无线传输。 [0004] It consists of a small PCB board and the individual electrode attachment, the front end is responsible for collecting electrocardiographic signals, analog to digital conversion and radio transmission. 但是由于心电图信号取决于电极的位置,无线单电极心电图不能提供传统的12极心电图信号。 However, since the electrocardiographic signals depending on the position of the electrodes, ECG electrodes radio unit 12 does not provide conventional ECG electrode signals.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明主要解决的技术问题是提供一种无线三电极心电图采集系统,能够具备合成传统12路心电图的能力,且结构简单,携带方便, [0005] The present invention solves the technical problem is to provide a wireless ECG acquisition system three-electrode, it can be provided with the ability to synthesize conventional electrocardiogram passage 12, and the structure is simple, easy to carry,

为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的一个技术方案是:提供一种无线三电极心电图采集系统,包括:病理数据采集模块、数据处理模块、媒体访问控制MAC协议模块、系统安全和隐私保护模块、病理数据评估模块、通信模块、应用模块,所述病理数据采集模块与数据处理模块信号连接,且将输出数据传输至通信模块,所述MAC协议模块、系统安全和隐私保护模块、病理数据评估模块分别与所述通信模块连接,所述通信模块通过无线数据传输方式与所述应用模块连接,所述病理数据采集模块包括一电路板单元,所述电路板单元上连接有电极单元,所述电极单元中包括三个置于不同位置的电极。 To solve the above problems, an aspect of the present invention is that: three electrodes to provide a wireless ECG acquisition system, comprising: pathological data acquisition module, data processing module, a media access control (MAC) protocol module, system security and privacy protection module, pathological data evaluation module, a communication module, an application module, the data acquisition module and pathological data processing module connected signal, and outputs the data to the communication module, the MAC protocol modules, the system security and privacy protection module, a data evaluation module pathology respectively connected to the communication module, the communication module through a wireless data transmission connection with the application module, the pathological data acquisition module includes a circuit board unit, an electrode unit connected to said circuit board means, said electrodes unit includes three electrodes disposed at different locations.

[0006] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述MAC协议模块包括MAC协议设计单元、仿真评价单元,所述MAC协议设计单元设计单元将信息传输至仿真评价单元,所述仿真评价单元与所述通信模块应用连接。 [0006] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the MAC protocol module unit includes a MAC protocol design, simulation evaluation unit, the MAC protocol design unit design simulation unit transmit information to the evaluation unit, the simulation and evaluation unit the application module connected to the communication.

[0007] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述系统安全和隐私保护模块包括系统安全和隐私保护策略单元、理论分析单元,所述系统安全和隐私保护策略单元将系统安全信息与银丝保护信息传递至理论分析单元,所述理论分析单元与所述通信模块应用连接。 [0007] In one embodiment, the system security and privacy protection module comprises a system security and privacy policy unit, theoretical analysis unit, the system security and privacy policies and security information system unit to silver in the preferred embodiment of the present invention, protection information unit is transmitted to the theoretical analysis, a theoretical analysis unit is connected with the communication module application.

[0008] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述病理数据评估模块包括病理数据融合及健康状态估计单元、仿真评价/理论分析单元,所述病理数据融合及健康状态估计单元将估计数据传输至仿真评价/理论分析单元,所述仿真评价/理论分析单元与通信模块应用连接。 [0008] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the data evaluation module comprises pathologic pathological data fusion and health status estimating unit, the evaluation simulation / theoretical analysis unit, data fusion and the pathological state of health estimation unit estimates the data transmission evaluation of the simulation to / theoretical analysis unit, the evaluation simulation / theoretical analysis unit is connected with the communication module application.

[0009] 在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述应用模块为健康监控系统用户端。 [0009] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the application module is a client health monitoring system. [0010] 本发明的有益效果是:本发明无线三电极心电图采集系统减少了电极数量,同时能够使合成数据和直接观测到的12极结果很高的相关性,其中有3/4的相关系数高于O. 75,结构简单,使用方便,易于建立与携带;能够反应患者的真实身体情况,提高少电极心电图采集系统的诊断正确率。 [0010] Advantageous effects of the present invention is: a wireless ECG acquisition system three-electrode of the present invention reduces the number of electrodes, while being able to direct the synthetic data and the observed result of the 12-pole high correlation, the correlation coefficient of which 3/4 higher than O. 75, the structure is simple, easy to use, easy to set up and carry; can reflect the true physical condition of patients and improve the diagnostic accuracy of less electrode ECG acquisition system.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 图I是本发明无线三电极心电图采集系统一较佳实施例的结构示意图; [0011] FIG. I is a schematic structural diagram of a wireless ECG acquisition present invention is a three-electrode system of a preferred embodiment;

附图中各部件的标记如下:1、病理数据采集模块,2、数据处理模块,3、MAC协议设计单元,4、仿真评价单元,5、系统安全和隐私保护策略单元,6、理论分析单元,7、病理数据融合及健康状态估计单元,8、仿真评价/理论分析单元,9、通信模块,10、应用模块。 In reference numerals of the components are as follows: 1, data acquisition module Pathology, 2, data processing module, 3, MAC protocol design unit 4, the simulation evaluation unit 5, system security and privacy policy unit, 6, theoretical analysis unit 7, data fusion pathology and health status estimating unit 8, evaluation simulation / theoretical analysis unit 9, a communication module 10, an application module. 具体实施方式 detailed description

[0012] 下面结合附图对本发明的较佳实施例进行详细阐述,以使本发明的优点和特征能更易于被本领域技术人员理解,从而对本发明的保护范围做出更为清楚明确的界定。 Detail drawings of the preferred embodiment of the present invention [0012] below with reference to enable features and advantages of the present invention can be more readily understood by those skilled in the art, in order to make more clear and unambiguous definition of the scope of the present invention .

[0013] 请参阅图I,本发明实施例包括: [0013] Referring to FIG I, embodiments of the present invention, examples include:

一种无线三电极心电图采集系统,包括:病理数据采集模块I、数据处理模块2、媒体访问控制MAC协议模块、系统安全和隐私保护模块、病理数据评估模块、通信模块9、应用模块10。 A wireless ECG acquisition three-electrode system, comprising: a data acquisition module pathological I, the data processing module 2, a media access control (MAC) protocol module, system security and privacy protection module, pathological data evaluation module, a communication module 9, the application module 10. 所述应用模块10为健康监控系统用户端。 The application module 10 is a client health monitoring system.

[0014] 所述病理数据采集模块I与数据处理模块2信号连接,且将输出数据传输至通信模块9,所述MAC协议模块、系统安全和隐私保护模块、病理数据评估模块分别与所述通信模块9连接,所述通信模块9通过无线数据传输方式与所述应用模块10连接。 [0014] The data acquisition module I and pathological data processing module connected to the second signal, and outputs the data to the communication module 9, the MAC protocol modules, the system security and privacy protection module, pathological data evaluation module are the communication module 9 is connected, the communication module 910 via a wireless data transmission connection with the application module.

[0015] 所述病理数据采集模块I包括一电路板单元,所述电路板单元上连接有电极单元,所述电极单元中包括三个置于不同位置的电极。 [0015] The pathological data acquisition module I comprises a circuit board unit, an electrode unit connected to the circuit board unit, the electrode unit comprising three electrodes disposed at different locations. 根据矢量心电图线性转换为心电图的原理,将现有的单电极心电图系统优化为本发明的三电极心电图采集系统,以取得心脏活动的三维数据,三个电极所取得的信号,加上他们的位置信息,使得无线三电极心电图具备合成传统12路心电图的能力。 The linear conversion is a schematic vector electrocardiogram ECG, will optimize the three-electrode ECG acquisition system of the present invention, a conventional single-electrode ECG system, to obtain three-dimensional data of the heart activity signal acquired three electrodes, plus their location information, such that the wireless ECG electrodes have the capacity to synthesize three conventional 12 channel ECG.

[0016] 所述MAC协议模块包括MAC协议设计单元3、仿真评价单元4,所述MAC协议设计单元3设计单元将信息传输至仿真评价单元4,所述仿真评价单元4与所述通信模块9应用连接。 [0016] The MAC protocol includes a MAC protocol design module unit 3, the evaluation unit 4 emulation, the MAC protocol design unit design unit 3 transmit information to the evaluation unit 4 simulation, the simulation evaluation unit 4 and the communication module 9 application connections.

[0017] 所述系统安全和隐私保护模块包括系统安全和隐私保护策略单元5、理论分析单元6,所述系统安全和隐私保护策略单元5将系统安全信息与银丝保护信息传递至理论分析单元6,所述理论分析单元6与所述通信模块9应用连接。 [0017] The system security and privacy protection module comprises a system security and privacy policy unit 5, the theoretical analysis unit 6, the system security and privacy protection unit 5 system security policy information is transmitted to the silver protection information theoretical analysis unit 6, the theoretical analysis unit 6 is connected to the communication module 9 application.

[0018] 所述病理数据评估模块包括病理数据融合及健康状态估计单元7、仿真评价/理论分析单元8,所述病理数据融合及健康状态估计单元7将估计数据传输至仿真评价/理论分析单元8,所述仿真评价/理论分析单元8与通信模块9应用连接。 [0018] The pathological evaluation module comprises a data fusion and data pathological SOH estimating unit 7, the evaluation simulation / theoretical analysis unit 8, data fusion and the pathological state of health estimation unit 7 estimates the data transmission to the evaluation simulation / unit theory 8, the simulation evaluation / analysis unit 8 is connected to the theoretical application communication module 9.

[0019] 针对本发明的无线三电极心电图采集系统进行了优化设计,对电极的摆放位置和评估。 [0019] The optimized design of the present invention for the wireless ECG acquisition system three-electrode, the electrode placement and evaluation. 首先提供一种摆放位置,并且根据四位病人的网上心电图数据,评估了无线三电极心电图的表现。 First, there is provided a placement, and the Internet in accordance with electrocardiogram data of four patients to assess three-electrode ECG wireless performance.

[0020] 在此位置的可行性测试结果表明此结果可以和EASI电极系统相媲美。 [0020] The results of this test the feasibility of the location indicates that this result can be comparable and EASI electrode system. 测试结果还表明了合成数据和直接观测到的12极结果很高的相关性,其中有3/4的相关系数高于 Test results also show that a high synthesis directly observed data and 12-pole correlation results, the correlation coefficient of which is greater than 3/4

O. 75。 O. 75. 因此说明了本发明的无线三电极心电图采集系统不仅结构简单,方便使用,易于建立和携带,更是能够具备合成传统12路心电图的能力,能够反应患者的真实身体情况,提高少电极心电图采集系统的诊断正确率。 Therefore description of the radio three-electrode ECG acquisition system of the present invention is not only simple in structure, easy to use, easy to set up and carry, it is possible to have the capacity to synthesize a conventional 12 channel ECG can reflect the actual physical condition of the patient, to improve small electrode ECG acquisition system the diagnostic accuracy.

[0021] 以上所述仅为本发明的实施例,并非因此限制本发明的专利范围,凡是利用本发明说明书及附图内容所作的等效结构或等效流程变换,或直接或间接运用在其他相关的技术领域,均同理包括在本发明的专利保护范围内。 [0021] The embodiments described above are only embodiments of the present invention, not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, all utilize the present specification and drawings taken equivalent structures or equivalent process, or other direct or indirect application Related technical fields shall fall within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (5)

  1. 1. 一种无线三电极心电图采集系统,其特征在于,包括:病理数据采集模块、数据处理模块、媒体访问控制MAC协议模块、系统安全和隐私保护模块、病理数据评估模块、通信模块、应用模块,所述病理数据采集模块与数据处理模块信号连接,且将输出数据传输至通信模块,所述MAC协议模块、系统安全和隐私保护模块、病理数据评估模块分别与所述通信模块连接,所述通信模块通过无线数据传输方式与所述应用模块连接,所述病理数据采集模块包括一电路板单元,所述电路板单元上连接有电极单元,所述电极单元中包括三个置于不同位置的电极。 A wireless ECG acquisition three-electrode system, comprising: pathological data acquisition module, data processing module, a media access control (MAC) protocol module, system security and privacy protection module, pathological data evaluation module, communication module, an application module the pathological data acquisition module signal connection with the data processing module, and the output data is transmitted to the communication module, the MAC protocol modules, the system security and privacy protection module, pathological data evaluation module is connected with the communication module, the communication module through a wireless data transmission to the application module, the pathological data acquisition module includes a circuit board unit, an electrode unit connected to the circuit board unit, the unit comprises three electrodes placed at different locations electrode.
  2. 2.根据权利要求I所述的无线三电极心电图采集系统,其特征在于,所述MAC协议模块包括MAC协议设计单元、仿真评价单元,所述MAC协议设计单元设计单元将信息传输至仿真评价单元,所述仿真评价单元与所述通信模块应用连接。 The wireless ECG acquisition system three-electrode according to claim I, wherein said module comprises a MAC protocol MAC protocol design unit, the evaluation unit emulation, the MAC protocol design unit design simulation unit transmit information to the evaluation unit the simulation application evaluation unit connected to the communication module.
  3. 3.根据权利要求I所述的无线三电极心电图采集系统,其特征在于,所述系统安全和隐私保护模块包括系统安全和隐私保护策略单元、理论分析单元,所述系统安全和隐私保护策略单元将系统安全信息与银丝保护信息传递至理论分析单元,所述理论分析单元与所述通信模块应用连接。 The wireless I of the three-electrode ECG acquisition system as claimed in claim, characterized in that the system security and privacy protection module comprises a system security and privacy policy unit, theoretical analysis unit, the system security and privacy policy unit the security information system is transmitted to the silver protection information theoretical analysis unit, the theoretical analysis unit is connected with the communication module application.
  4. 4.根据权利要求I所述的无线三电极心电图采集系统,其特征在于,所述病理数据评估模块包括病理数据融合及健康状态估计单元、仿真评价/理论分析单元,所述病理数据融合及健康状态估计单元将估计数据传输至仿真评价/理论分析单元,所述仿真评价/理论分析单元与通信模块应用连接。 The wireless ECG acquisition system three-electrode according to claim I, wherein said data evaluation module comprises pathologic pathological data fusion and health status estimating unit, the evaluation simulation / unit theory, the pathology and health data fusion state estimation unit estimates the data transmission to the evaluation simulation / theoretical analysis unit, the evaluation simulation / theoretical analysis unit is connected with the communication module application.
  5. 5.根据权利要求I所述的无线三电极心电图采集系统,其特征在于,所述应用模块为健康监控系统用户端。 The wireless I of the three-electrode ECG acquisition system as claimed in claim, wherein the application module is a client health monitoring system.
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