CN102956089B - A kind ofly search and rescue terminal and the rescue method waterborne based on this search and rescue terminal - Google Patents

A kind ofly search and rescue terminal and the rescue method waterborne based on this search and rescue terminal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102956089B
CN102956089B CN201210472470.9A CN201210472470A CN102956089B CN 102956089 B CN102956089 B CN 102956089B CN 201210472470 A CN201210472470 A CN 201210472470A CN 102956089 B CN102956089 B CN 102956089B
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search
rescue
terminal
boat
distress signal
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CN102956089A (en
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刘建
沈兵
冯伟
康小勇
陈皓
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Beijing Guojiaoxintong Technology Development Co Ltd
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Beijing Guojiaoxintong Technology Development Co Ltd
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Abstract

Search and rescue technical field waterborne belonging to the present invention, a kind ofly search and rescue terminal and the rescue method waterborne based on this search and rescue terminal concretely, whether whether wherein method comprises, detected and fall into the water, and detected from person of modern times's body by human body proximity sensor by immersion sensor; If testing result is overboard and from person of modern times's body, then sends distress signal to boat-carrying base station.Persons falling in water can be located faster by above-described embodiment, and notify that the personnel nearest with this persons falling in water search and rescue.

Description

A kind ofly search and rescue terminal and the rescue method waterborne based on this search and rescue terminal
Technical field
Search and rescue technical field waterborne belonging to the present invention is a kind ofly search and rescue terminal and the rescue method waterborne based on this search and rescue terminal concretely.
Background technology
At present, mainly containing three major types kind in the world and search and rescue terminal, comprising navigation emergency position indicating radio beacon (EPIRB), individual position's position indicating mark (PLB), aviation with promptly showing that terminal searched and rescued by a transmitter (ELT).
The main manufacturer of PLB has McmurdoFASTFIND(Britain), KANNAD406XT-2(France), the ACRResQLink(U.S.).PLB supports manual triggers, after ship's staff is overboard, can manual triggers PLB terminal, and positioned by GPS, send warning message and positional information by satellite.
The main manufacturer of EPIRB has McmurdoE5406MHz(Britain), KANNAD406MHz(France), TRON30s406MHz(Norway), JQE-3A406MHz(Japan).
At sea use during EPIRB system and usually have following steps:
Install aboard ship when EPIRB is flat;
When ship is overboard, EPIRB is overboard by hydraulic pressure sensor perception, spreads cap out;
EPIRB is automatically upwards floating;
Activate seawater switch, EPIRB begins through satellite and sends distress signal.
The main manufacturer of ELT has the ACK(U.S.), the Ameri-KingAk(U.S.).ELT is applicable to aviation and uses, and is undertaken, automatically trigger by perception velocities change, such as, when ELT feels that the speed of 3.5 feet per seconds changes, will automatically trigger.Afterwards, distress signals and positional information is sent by satellite.
The individual search and rescue such as existing PLB equipment does not support automatic triggering, only supports manual triggers, and the method for existing hydraulic pressure sensing also cannot judge that individual is overboard or mobile phone is overboard, and this is unfavorable for that persons falling in water in case of emergency uses.
The patent of invention of China Patent Publication No. CN1919688, discloses a kind of maritime life-saving positioning device based on GPS/CDMA technology, is made up of microprocessor system, GPS module, CDMA module, power supply self-start circuit and waterproof enclosure.This device is fixed on the shoulder of life jacket, and when device falls into the water together with crewman, GPS/CDMA antenna effective radiation face keeps vertically upward substantially, effectively can accept gps satellite information and establish a communications link with First aid station; The power supply of automatic circuit closing device when power supply self-start circuit ensures that overboard crewman cannot start power supply automatically starter gear work; The status information that microprocessor system gathers GPS locating information and device passes First aid station back by CDMA module, and this device, once accept the feedback information of First aid station, will notify drowning people with sound, light form, thus reaches the object of lifesaving location.This device can also as casualty additional alarm device.
This device is a kind of special maritime life-saving positioning device, and this equipment relies on special radio communication device to receive and send messages, and can not combine with general mobile phone and use, cost is higher, is unfavorable for large-scale promotion.In addition, it uses together with life jacket, be not suitable for the situation that individual is overboard suddenly, and it does not consider the problem that how can only judge man overboard.
Summary of the invention
The target of the embodiment of the present invention is that providing a kind of searches and rescues terminal and the rescue method waterborne based on this search and rescue terminal, intelligent decision man overboard and terminal volume can not be not suitable for too greatly the problem carried with for solve in prior art in rescue method waterborne.
Embodiments providing a kind of rescue method waterborne based on searching and rescuing terminal, comprising,
Detected by immersion sensor and whether fall into the water, and whether detected from person of modern times's body by human body proximity sensor;
If testing result is overboard and from person of modern times's body, then sends distress signal to boat-carrying base station.
Based on a further aspect of the rescue method waterborne of search and rescue terminal according to the embodiment of the present invention, the described distress signal that sends to boat-carrying base station comprises, distress signal is sent to boat-carrying base station by twireless radio-frequency communication unit, or by the radio receiver transmission distress signal of Bluetooth wireless communication unit to boat-carrying, or send distress signal to mobile phone, then send distress signal by described mobile phone to described boat-carrying base station.
Based on another further aspect of the rescue method waterborne of search and rescue terminal according to the embodiment of the present invention, the user profile that described distress signal comprises satellite positioning information and presets.
The embodiment of the present invention additionally provides a kind of rescue method waterborne, comprises,
The distress signal of overboard search and rescue terminal is received by boat-carrying base station;
Send a notification message to the mobile phone in described boat-carrying base station range.
A further aspect of rescue method waterborne according to the embodiment of the present invention, also comprise in sending a notification message to the mobile phone in described boat-carrying base station range, determine the position of described search and rescue terminal, send the notification message comprising described search and rescue terminal location to the mobile phone in described boat-carrying base station range.
Another further aspect of rescue method waterborne according to the embodiment of the present invention, describedly determine that the position of described search and rescue terminal comprises, determined the position of described search and rescue terminal by the satellite positioning information in the distress signal that receives, or determine the position of described search and rescue terminal by the boat-carrying base station be positioned on different ship covering this search and rescue terminal.
The embodiment of the present invention additionally provides a kind of search and rescue terminal, comprises,
Processor, immersion sensor, human body proximity sensor, communication unit;
Described immersion sensor is connected with described processor with described human body proximity sensor, and described communication unit is connected with described processor;
Whether described immersion sensor falls into the water for detecting described search and rescue terminal;
Whether described human body proximity sensor is for detecting described search and rescue terminal from person of modern times's body;
Described processor, if the testing result of described immersion sensor and described human body proximity sensor is overboard and from person of modern times's body for searching and rescuing terminal, then by described communication unit to boat-carrying base station transmission distress signal.
According to the embodiment of the present invention, search and rescue a further aspect of terminal, also comprise signal lamp, be connected with described processor, described processor triggers described signal lamp and carries out light warning.
Another further aspect of terminal is searched and rescued according to the embodiment of the present invention, described communication unit comprises twireless radio-frequency communication unit, bluetooth-communication unit or the interface with mobile phone transmission data, distress signal is sent to mobile phone by this interface by described search and rescue terminal, by described mobile phone, described distress signal is sent to boat-carrying base station.
According to the embodiment of the present invention, search and rescue another further aspect of terminal, also comprise satellite positioning unit, be connected with described processor, for obtaining satellite positioning information.
Pass through above-described embodiment, short-range communication unit is utilized to send distress signal, the problem can avoiding using in prior art powerful remote satellite communication unit to cause the excessive individual of being not suitable for of emergency terminal volume like this carrying, and the object of maritime search and rescue can be realized by lower cost by embodiments of the invention.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing described herein is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, forms a application's part, does not form limitation of the invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Figure 1 shows that the process flow diagram of a kind of rescue method waterborne based on search and rescue terminal of the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 2 shows that the process flow diagram of a kind of rescue method waterborne of the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 3 shows that a kind of structural representation of searching and rescuing terminal of the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 4 shows that a kind of concrete structure schematic diagram of searching and rescuing terminal of the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 5 shows that a kind of shell mechanism schematic diagram of searching and rescuing terminal of the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 6 shows that the structural representation of a kind of water search-and-rescue system of the embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
For making the object of the embodiment of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, the embodiment of the present invention is described in further details.At this, schematic description and description of the present invention is for explaining the present invention, but not as a limitation of the invention.
Be illustrated in figure 1 the process flow diagram of a kind of rescue method waterborne based on search and rescue terminal of the embodiment of the present invention.
Comprise step 101, detected by immersion sensor and whether fall into the water, and whether detected from person of modern times's body by human body proximity sensor.
Step 102, if testing result is overboard and from person of modern times's body, then sends distress signal to boat-carrying base station.
Also comprise to during the transmission distress signal of boat-carrying base station according to above-described embodiment step 102, trigger light unit and carry out light warning.
Wherein, the described distress signal that sends to boat-carrying base station comprises, distress signal is sent to boat-carrying base station by twireless radio-frequency communication unit, can also by the radio receiver transmission distress signal of the wireless communication units such as bluetooth to boat-carrying, distress signal can also be sent to mobile phone, then send distress signal by described mobile phone to described boat-carrying base station.
Described distress signal comprises satellite positioning information, and the user profile preset, such as, comprise address name, the title of place ship.The Position Approximate of this drowning people can be judged by the position of boat-carrying base station at once after rescuer receives these distress signals, accelerate the response speed of search and rescue.
Described human body proximity sensor can use scheme of the prior art, such as, realize detecting the distance between human body by temperature or by modes such as microwaves; Described immersion sensor also can use scheme of the prior art, such as, detected by the change of resistance.
Pass through above-described embodiment, short-range communication unit is utilized to send distress signal, the problem can avoiding using in prior art powerful remote satellite communication unit to cause the excessive individual of being not suitable for of emergency terminal volume like this carrying, and the object of maritime search and rescue can be realized by lower cost by embodiments of the invention.
Be illustrated in figure 2 the process flow diagram of a kind of rescue method waterborne of the embodiment of the present invention.
Comprise step 201, received the distress signal of overboard search and rescue terminal by boat-carrying base station.
Step 202, sends a notification message to the mobile phone in described boat-carrying base station range.
Also comprise among described step 202, determine the position of described search and rescue terminal, send the notification message comprising described search and rescue terminal location to the mobile phone in described boat-carrying base station range.
Describedly determine that the position of described search and rescue terminal comprises, the position of described search and rescue terminal is determined by the satellite positioning information in the distress signal that receives, or the position of described search and rescue terminal is determined by the boat-carrying base station be positioned on different ship covering this search and rescue terminal, method of locating terminal of the prior art can be used in this embodiment to position search and rescue terminal, and above two kinds of illustrated modes should not be construed as the restriction to embodiment of the present invention.
Also comprise in described step 202, send a notification message to the specific mobile phone in described boat-carrying base station range.
By above-described embodiment, persons falling in water can be located faster, and notify that the personnel (staff normally this boat-carrying base station place ship on) nearest with this persons falling in water search and rescue.
Be illustrated in figure 3 a kind of structural representation of searching and rescuing terminal of the embodiment of the present invention.
Comprise processor 301, immersion sensor 302, human body proximity sensor 303, communication unit 304.
Described immersion sensor 302 is connected with described processor 301 with described human body proximity sensor 303, and described communication unit 304 is connected with described processor 301;
Whether described immersion sensor 302 falls into the water for detecting described search and rescue terminal;
Whether described human body proximity sensor 303 is for detecting described search and rescue terminal from person of modern times's body;
Described processor 301, if the testing result of described immersion sensor 302 and described human body proximity sensor 303 is overboard and from person of modern times's body for searching and rescuing terminal, then by described communication unit 304 to boat-carrying base station transmission distress signal.
Also comprise signal lamp 305, be connected with described processor 301, described processor 301 triggers described signal lamp 305 and carries out light warning.
Described communication unit 304 can comprise twireless radio-frequency communication unit, bluetooth-communication unit or the interface with mobile phone transmission data, distress signal can be sent to mobile phone by this interface, by described mobile phone, described distress signal be sent to boat-carrying base station.
Also comprising satellite positioning unit 306, being connected with described processor 301, for obtaining satellite positioning information.
Above-mentioned search and rescue terminal can for having the terminal with boat-carrying base station radio communication function, such as mobile phone, or be that an independent equipment is connected with mobile phone by interface (wireline interface or wave point), send distress signal by the radio frequency communications unit of mobile phone to boat-carrying base station.
Persons falling in water can be located faster by above-described embodiment, and notify that the personnel (staff normally this boat-carrying base station place ship on) nearest with this persons falling in water search and rescue.
Be illustrated in figure 4 a kind of concrete structure schematic diagram of searching and rescuing terminal of the embodiment of the present invention.
Comprise immersion sensor 401, human body proximity sensor 402, LED alarm lamp 403, alarm key 404, bus controller 405, I2C bus 406, processor 407, USB interface 408, external memory storage 409, mobile phone 410.
Wherein said human body proximity sensor 402 can select the proximity transducer of φ 6.5*18mmY type, described immersion sensor 401 can select Miniature humidity sensor HR006, described alarm key 404 can select Schneider Sn-28A, described LED alarm lamp 403 can select the LED of CREEXP-E, described mobile phone 410 can select the smart mobile phone of any brand, and described processor 404 can select single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A08.
Described immersion sensor 401, human body proximity sensor 402, LED alarm lamp 403 and alarm key 404 are connected to I2C bus 406 respectively by bus controller 405, described processor 407 is also connected to described processor 407, described mobile phone 410 is connected with described processor 407 by USB interface 408, and described external memory storage 409 is also connected with described processor 407.
In the present embodiment, after immersion sensor 401 and human body proximity sensor 402 detect that search and rescue terminal is overboard, distress signal is sent to processor 407, or distress signal can also be sent by alarm key 404 Trigger processor 407, described processor 407 sends distress signal by USB interface to mobile phone, and described mobile phone 410 sends distress signal by the mode such as less radio-frequency or bluetooth to boat-carrying base station.Described boat-carrying base station sends the prompting of distress signal to the mobile phone in cell coverage area, thus can notify that related personnel searches and rescues drowning people with speed faster.Described external memory storage 409 may be used for storing distress signals such as user's name, place ship information etc.
Be illustrated in figure 5 a kind of shell mechanism schematic diagram of searching and rescuing terminal of the embodiment of the present invention.
In the present embodiment, searching and rescuing terminal 501 is a housing, is also provided with LED alarm lamp 502 on the housing, the immersion sensor 503 on the left of housing, alarm key 504, the human body proximity sensor 505 on the right side of housing and mobile phone loading port 506.
In this embodiment, all functional parts and circuit are all built in described housing, mobile phone puts into described housing by mobile phone loading port 506, and be connected with the processor of enclosure interior by USB interface or miniUSB interface, then by the seal member of mobile phone loading port 506, enclosure interior and outside seal are isolated, the water resistance of searching and rescuing terminal can be ensured like this.
Be illustrated in figure 6 the structural representation of a kind of water search-and-rescue system of the embodiment of the present invention.
Comprise and search and rescue terminal 601, boat-carrying base station 602, rescue mobile phone 603.
Described search and rescue terminal 601 is mobile phone in the present embodiment, the locating modules such as built-in GPS, satellite positioning information can be added in distress signal, immersion sensor, human body proximity sensor and LED alarm lamp can be installed in described search and rescue terminal 601, utilize the radio frequency communications unit of mobile phone to send distress signal to boat-carrying base station 602.
Whether described search and rescue terminal 601 utilizes immersion sensor and human body proximity sensor to detect overboard, human body proximity sensor is utilized to detect whether this search and rescue terminal 601 and human body proximity, if two Rule of judgment are and are, then the satellite positioning information obtaining GPS unit sends distress signal to boat-carrying base station 602.
After described boat-carrying base station 602 receives this distress signal, resolve described distress signal, distress signals and locating information are broadcasted to the rescue mobile phone 603 in cell coverage area.
After the rescue worker holding described rescue mobile phone 603 receives described distress signal, drowning people is found according to locating information, now can find drowning people according to the LED alarm lamp in overboard search and rescue terminal 601, or can the orientation of drowning people be indicated according to the locating information in the locating information of oneself and distress signals according to rescue mobile phone 603 thus succour.
Persons falling in water can be located faster by above-described embodiment, and notify that the personnel (staff normally this boat-carrying base station place ship on) nearest with this persons falling in water search and rescue.
Above-described specific embodiment; object of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect are further described; be understood that; the foregoing is only specific embodiments of the invention; the protection domain be not intended to limit the present invention; within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment made, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1., based on a rescue method waterborne of searching and rescuing terminal, it is characterized in that comprising,
Detected by immersion sensor and whether fall into the water, and whether detected from person of modern times's body by human body proximity sensor;
If testing result is overboard and from person of modern times's body, then sends distress signal by twireless radio-frequency communication unit to boat-carrying base station; Or
By the radio receiver transmission distress signal of Bluetooth wireless communication unit to boat-carrying, or send distress signal to mobile phone, then send distress signal by described mobile phone to described boat-carrying base station.
2. the rescue method waterborne based on searching and rescuing terminal according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the user profile that described distress signal comprises satellite positioning information and presets.
3. a rescue method waterborne, is characterized in that comprising,
The distress signal of overboard search and rescue terminal is received by boat-carrying base station;
Determine the position of described search and rescue terminal, sent the notification message of described search and rescue terminal location by boat-carrying base station to the mobile phone in described boat-carrying base station range.
4. rescue method waterborne according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, the position of described search and rescue terminal comprises, determined the position of described search and rescue terminal by the satellite positioning information in the distress signal that receives, or determine the position of described search and rescue terminal by the boat-carrying base station be positioned on different ship covering this search and rescue terminal.
5. search and rescue a terminal, it is characterized in that comprising,
Processor, immersion sensor, human body proximity sensor, communication unit;
Described immersion sensor is connected with described processor with described human body proximity sensor, and described communication unit is connected with described processor;
Whether described immersion sensor falls into the water for detecting described search and rescue terminal;
Whether described human body proximity sensor is for detecting described search and rescue terminal from person of modern times's body;
Described processor, if the testing result of described immersion sensor and described human body proximity sensor is overboard and from person of modern times's body for searching and rescuing terminal, then by described communication unit to boat-carrying base station transmission distress signal.
6. search and rescue terminal according to claim 5, is characterized in that, also comprise signal lamp, is connected with described processor, and described processor triggers described signal lamp and carries out light warning.
7. search and rescue terminal according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described communication unit comprises twireless radio-frequency communication unit, bluetooth-communication unit or the interface with mobile phone transmission data, distress signal is sent to mobile phone by this interface by described search and rescue terminal, by described mobile phone, described distress signal is sent to boat-carrying base station.
8. search and rescue terminal according to claim 5, is characterized in that, also comprise satellite positioning unit, is connected with described processor, for obtaining satellite positioning information.
CN201210472470.9A 2012-11-20 2012-11-20 A kind ofly search and rescue terminal and the rescue method waterborne based on this search and rescue terminal Active CN102956089B (en)

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CN104270853B (en) * 2014-09-12 2016-11-30 青岛玉兰祥商务服务有限公司 Based on the conversion of pulse wave modulation and microwave induced life raft energy conserving system
CN105187485B (en) * 2015-07-31 2018-06-29 徐林浩 The overboard automatic alarm system of boat-carrying
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CN111510195B (en) * 2020-03-30 2021-02-09 中国人民解放军军事科学院国防科技创新研究院 Space-based search and rescue receiving and transmitting terminal

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