A kind of washing machine and washing methods
The present invention relates to a kind of washing machine, particularly to a kind of use Polymer adsorption material participate in washing washing machine and
Washing methods, belongs to washing machine technology field.
The washing methods of conventional washer is to adopt to use water as washing medium, adds water and detergent, enter into washing machine
Row washing, utilizes dehydrating function to discharge the sewage in washing machine, then rejoins clean water, proceed to wash after washing
Wash or rinse cycle, water is discharged after all terminating by washing again.Water is simply merely discharged by this method, then refills
Clean washings, water consumption is very big.Meanwhile, also contain more environmentally harmful chemical substance inside cleaning mixture,
And the consuming time of washing process is longer every time, power consumption is also larger.
For solving the deficiency of above-mentioned conventional washing method, in the prior art, some washing machinees are made to be situated between using organic solvent
Matter is washed, such as dry cleaner etc., and organic solvent is to recycle in washing machine, after the completion of once washing process, will
Organic solvent containing dirt is collected in container, using the method filtering distillation, organic solvent is processed, then again
Send in washing tube, continue washing process.Because organic solvent has severe toxicity in itself, and using the method for distillation, medium is carried out
The safety coefficient reclaiming is relatively low, is not suitable for using in the family.
Also have a kind of washing methods washed using air in prior art, such as adopt CO2Wash, during using this washing methods
Need to realize medium in the biphase change of gaseous state and liquid, using liquid washing, reclaimed using gaseous state.This method is to structure
Seal requirement is higher, and meanwhile, gas being carried out liquefy needs very high pressure, needs to install high tension unit, safety coefficient is relatively
Low, and complex process.
For the shortcoming of several washing methods above, occur in that a kind of solid particle of employing special facture as washing again
The washing methods of medium, by the friction between solid particle and clothes, adsorbs and absorbs the dirt on clothes, thus realizing washing
The function of washing.This washing methods can economize on water more than 80%, in addition, this solid particle washing medium can be used with recycling
Life-span length, need not change, safety and environmental protection.Using the washing machine of this washing methods, typically all washing machine can be provided with granule
Storage area, and setting charging hole and discharge opening on outer tube, before washing, granule are thrown in outer tube from charging hole,
After completed washings, in the storage area that granule is fully retrieved to granule., there is certain deficiency in this kind of washing methods,
Granule, when with medicated clothing friction washing, can cause a certain degree of abrasion of medicated clothing, in addition, need to throw in into inner core before washing washing
The granule washed, after washing terminates, granule also to be reclaimed, such as granule to be dehydrated in addition it is also necessary to throwing in granule again and returning
Receive granule, washing process is complex, and the internal structure of washing machine needs correspondingly to do larger improvement, and then needs significantly to increase
Plus material and manufacturing cost.
Content of the invention
Present invention is primarily aimed at solving the above problems and not enough, providing one kind can throw in and reclaiming washing
Grain, simplifies washing procedure, and can meet the washing machine of clean result.
Another main purpose of the present invention is, provides a kind of simplification washing procedure, and can meet washing of clean result
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme is that：
A kind of washing machine, be provided with described cylindric washer as washing medium process dirt in medicated clothing and washings with
The polymer plastic bar of washing medicated clothing.
Further, an axis is arranged on the central axis in described cylindric washer, to surrounding in radiation on described axis
Shape arranges several described polymer plastic bars.
Further, described axis is polymer plastic post.
Further, described polymer plastic bar is arranged on the barrel of described cylindric washer, and radial to described washing
Direction in cylinder is stretched out.
Further, the section configuration of described polymer plastic bar is circular, oval, square.
Further, described polymer plastic bar or axis have smooth surface, or surface have several continuous or
Disconnected projection, or surface be loose structure.
Further, hydrophilic and lipophilic ingredients are contained in described polymeric material, and the composition of surfactant.
Further, described axis is fixed on the bottom of described cylindric washer, rotates together with described cylindric washer；Or described axis
Bottom be connected with driving means, by described driving means drive rotate.
Further, described polymer plastic bar securing member is fixedly connected with the barrel of described axis or described cylindric washer.
Further, described polymer plastic bar has along the radially uniform rule setting of described axis or described cylindric washer barrel
Further, the length of described polymer plastic bar is gradually lengthened to bottom direction by the top of described cylindric washer, or
The length of all of described polymer plastic bar is identical.
Further, the diameter of described polymer plastic bar is gradually increased from its head to root.
Further, described polymer plastic bar and/or described axis are the structure of hollow, accommodate in middle cavity
Polymer solid particles, described axis and/or described polymer plastic bar are provided with some only for washings pass through logical
A kind of washing methods, is using several polymer plastic bars stirring medicated clothing being arranged in cylindric washer, Jin Ertong
Cross the dirt that the contact that polymer plastic bar is with medicated clothing processes in medicated clothing and/or washings, complete the washing of medicated clothing.
Further, several described polymer plastic bars are radially arranged on axis or cylindric washer in described cylindric washer
Further, in washing process, described polymer plastic bar equidirectional same rotational speed with described cylindric washer；Or institute
State polymer plastic bar to be operated alone, and rotating alternate rotation.
Further, before laundry item washing, including the process injecting washings into described cylindric washer, described washings
Soak described laundry item.
Further, after the completion of described clothes washing, including the mistake making described polymer plastic bar and/or clothes dewatering
Journey；And/or include providing hot blast into described cylindric washer, dry the process of described medicated clothing and/or polymer plastic bar.
To sum up content, a kind of washing machine of the present invention and washing methods, structure is simple, relies on and is arranged in cylindric washer
Dirt in the radial polymer washing medium process medicated clothing of centre and washings, and then reach the purpose of washing, it is not required to
Want input, recovery and self-cleaning step and the device of granule, not only simplify washing procedure, as conventional laundry apparatus, also
The material cost of the type washing machine and manufacturing cost are all greatly reduced.In addition, in washing, not only increasing polymer
Washing medium and the contact area of medicated clothing, increased the absorbability to dirt, also gently a lot of to the degree of wear of medicated clothing.
Fig. 1 is present configuration schematic diagram；
Fig. 2 is axis of the present invention and polymer plastic bar structural representation.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, outer tube 1, inner core 2, axis 3, polymer plastic bar 4, medicated clothing 5.
With specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings：
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of washing machine, the rotary drum washing machine either commonly used at present or roller washing machine, all
Including a housing (not shown), it is provided with outer tube 1 and inner core 2 in housing, outer tube 1 is enclosed construction and is to fix not
Turn, inner core 2 is arranged on the inner side of outer tube 1, the barrel of inner core 2 has several for the perforate (figure passing through for washings
Not shown in), the shape of perforate can be circle, rectangle, polygon etc., and inner core 2 can be driven by driving means and rotate.In this way
Rotary drum washing machine, the impeller of inner core 2 bottom is also driven by driving means, separates driving with inner core 2, and positive and negative by impeller is walked around
Dynamic agitation current.The top of outer tube 1 is provided with water inlet (not shown), for washing the water inlet with rinse cycle,
The bottom of outer tube 1 is provided with discharge outlet (not shown), for the draining after dehydration.In washing, medicated clothing 5 is placed on inner core
One axis 3 arranged on the central axis in inner core 2, the height outline of axis 3 is less than the height of inner core 2, in
It has been arranged radially several polymer plastic bars 4 to surrounding on axle 3, to increase adsorption area, improved the absorption to dirt
Ability.Axis 3 can be using the metal material consistent with inner core 2, in order to increase the absorbability to dirt, this enforcement further
Example, axis 3 preferably employs polymer plastic, the structure in cylinder, and in order to increase the fixing intensity of axis 3, axis 3 is using T
Type structure, that is, the root disk diameter of axis 3 is larger.Polymer includes PP, or PE, or PS, or PVC, or EVA etc., or can
To select the mixture of above-mentioned multiple material, containing hydrophilic and lipophilic ingredients in material, the also composition of surfactant,
There is stronger absorbability to dirt.
In the present embodiment, polymer plastic bar 4 and polymer axis 3 adopt solid construction, polymer plastic bar 4 and polymerization
Thing axis 3 can strengthen the energy of absorption dirt in smooth surface in order to increase the contact area and washings and medicated clothing between
Power, has several projections on the surface of polymer plastic bar 4 and polymer axis 3, can be continuously between several projections
Arrange the dispersed placement it is also possible to be interrupted.
In order to increase the contact area and washings and medicated clothing between, polymer plastic bar 4 and polymer axis 3 are acceptable
Using the structure of polymer surfaces porous, if not connecting mutual disconnection between the dry hole on surface, it is easy to drain the water of in the hole,
Improve the regeneration capacity of polymer plastic bar 4 and polymer axis 3, the diameter in hole is preferably between 0.01-0.1mm.
Polymer plastic bar 4 is fixedly connected with axis 3 with securing members such as screws, and the section configuration of polymer plastic bar 4 is
Can be circular or for oval or for square, in order to reduce the abrasion to medicated clothing, it is preferred to use section is circular or oval.
Polymer plastic bar 4 along inner core 2 length in the radial direction be inner core 2 radius 1/5-4/5, all of polymerization
The identical length of thing plastic strip 4 is same, convenient in order to pick and place medicated clothing, and simultaneously in rotary drum washing machine, medicated clothing all sinks collection in cylinder bottom,
So, the length of polymer plastic bar 4 can also in the form of Length discrepancy, that is, by axis 3 top to axis 3 root side
Gradually lengthen upwards.
The diameter of polymer plastic bar 4 is gradually increased from its head to root, to strengthen the fixing intensity of its root, simultaneously
It is also beneficial to separation during clothes dewatering.
The circumference along axis 3 of polymer plastic bar 4 can adopt random radial setting, but in order to be conducive to clothing
The the picking and placeing of thing, it is preferred to use, polymer plastic bar 4 sets along the circumference uniformly well-regulated setting of axis 3, the circumference along axis 3
It is equipped with 2-6 row, often evenly distributed a plurality of polymer plastic bar 4 in row, wherein, as shown in Figure 1, it is preferred to use setting 3 rows or 4
In roller washing machine, the root of axis 3 can be directly fixed on the bottom of inner core 2 by securing members such as screws,
Equidirectional same rotational speed together with inner core 2, in rotation process, polymer plastic bar 4 constantly stirs current and medicated clothing 5,
And the medicated clothing 5 that constantly overlaps and scatter, meanwhile, medicated clothing 5 is constantly contacted with polymer plastic bar 4 and axis 3, is inhaled by polymer
The attached dirt being washed off from medicated clothing 5 processing in medicated clothing 5 and washings, and then reach the purpose of washing medicated clothing.Washed
Cheng Zhong, inner core 2 to slowly run, to avoid the winding between medicated clothing 5 and axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 in washing process.
It is described in detail to using the washing methods of above-mentioned washing machine with reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.
This washing methods comprises the steps：
Step one：As conventional laundry apparatus, laundry item 5 is added to the inner core 2 of washing machine, opens outer tube simultaneously
Enter in inner core 2 after the water inlet of 1 top, the water filling into outer tube 1, slurry and detergent mixing, water passes through on inner core 2
After perforate 4, it is sufficiently mixed with laundry item 5, this process is it is only necessary to add appropriate water and detergent it is ensured that water energy soaks clothing
In injection washing water-soaked laundry item 5, so that laundry item 5 is stood, soak certain time, make water and medicated clothing 5
Fully infiltrate, to improve clean effect further.
Step 2：Inner core 2 is driven to slowly run, axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 also rotate therewith, and polymer is moulded
Material strip 4 constantly agitator treating water and medicated clothing 5, in washing process, the spot on medicated clothing 5 is washed off by washings, and spot is followed
Washings constantly wash away axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4, and axis 3 is constantly being contacted with washings with polymer plastic bar 4
During, by washings spot absorption, and medicated clothing 5 washing when also can constantly with axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4
Directly contact, axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 directly adsorb the dirt on medicated clothing 5, thus reach washing decontamination to medicated clothing 5
Step 3：Drive inner core 2 high-speed rotation, now axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 also therewith together with high-speed rotation,
Medicated clothing 5, axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 are dehydrated simultaneously, the osculum from outer tube 1 bottom for the water is discharged.Axis 3 and poly-
The process of polymer plastics bar 4 dehydration, is also axis 3 and the self-cleaning process of polymer plastic bar 4, improves to a certain extent
The regeneration capacity of dielectric layer, extends axis 3 and the service life of polymer plastic bar 4.
Step 4：Rinse step, again adds appropriate clean water into cylinder, according to said process, medicated clothing 5 is rinsed,
It is dehydrated again after rinsing, be finally completed whole washing process of medicated clothing 5.
After medicated clothing 5 and axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 dehydration, it is possible to use the device such as heat pump assembly or heating tube, then
It is blown into hot blast into inner core 2, for drying medicated clothing 5, axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4, so can also extend axis further
3 and the service life of polymer plastic bar 4, it is simultaneously also beneficial to the drying in holding cylinder, reduce cylinder endogenous cause of ill moist and grow mould
It is with embodiment one difference, it is also possible to be provided separately simultaneously axis 3 and inner core 2 in roller washing machine
Driven respectively by driving means, the root of axis 3 is directly connected with driving means, is directly driven by driving means, by washing machine
Control device control axis 3 to press certain time and speed rotating to rotate, so, be more beneficial for polymer plastic bar 4 and stir
Current and medicated clothing 5, improve absorbability further, meanwhile, are also beneficial to avoid the winding of medicated clothing 5.
In rotary drum washing machine, original impeller can be replaced with axis 3, axis 3 is directly connected with driving means, by
The control device of washing machine controls that axis 3 presses certain time and speed rotating rotates, by polymer plastic bar 4 stir current and
Medicated clothing 5.
In washing step, the difference with embodiment one is step 2, in the present embodiment, in washing process, keeps
Inner core 2 does not rotate, and only drives axis to be alternately rotated with counter clockwise direction along clockwise direction in wash time, using polymer
Plastic strip 4 constantly agitator treating water and medicated clothing 5.
It is with embodiment one and embodiment two difference, axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 can be using the knots of hollow
Structure, accommodates polymer solid particles in middle cavity, is provided with and some only supplies on axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4
The through hole that washings pass through, the diameter of through hole is less than the minimum diameter of granule.Because the diameter of granule is typically between 2-4mm,
So, the diameter of through hole is less than 2mm, the preferably diameter of through hole between 1-1.5mm, so can ensure that washings are smooth
Flow in or out from axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4, granule can be avoided again to spill.
In order to increase the absorbability of granule, granule adopts the structure of porous surface, if not connecting between the dry hole on surface
Logical mutually disconnection, is easy to drain the water of in the hole, improves the regeneration capacity of axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4, the diameter in hole is preferred
In washing process, washings constantly pass in and out axis 3 and the cavity of polymer plastic bar 4, with axis 3 and being polymerized
While the contact of thing plastic strip 4 surface, also contact with the granule in cavity, common by axis 3, polymer plastic bar 4 and granule
The spot washed off from medicated clothing 5 in absorption washings, medicated clothing 5 in washing also can constantly with axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4
Directly contact, axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 directly adsorb the dirt on medicated clothing 5, reach the purpose of washing.
Part unlike the embodiments above is, polymer plastic bar 4 is mounted directly on the barrel being fixed on cylindric washer, cylinder
Wall includes the side wall of cylindric washer it is also possible to include the diapire of cylindric washer.Polymer plastic bar 4 radial into cylindric washer
Direction is stretched out, and rotates together with cylindric washer, and in rotation process, polymer plastic bar 4 constantly stirs current and medicated clothing 5, and
Constantly overlap and scatter medicated clothing 5, and meanwhile, medicated clothing 5 is constantly contacted with polymer plastic bar 4, processes clothing by Polymer adsorption
The dirt being washed off from medicated clothing 5 in thing 5 and washings, and then reach the purpose of washing medicated clothing.In washing process, inner core
2 to slowly run, to avoid the winding between medicated clothing 5 and axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 in washing process.
The structure of polymer plastic bar 4 is identical with described in embodiment one or example IV, does not just still further retouch in detail here
Axis 3 described in the various embodiments described above and the structure of polymer plastic bar 4, are applied equally to monotubular and three
In many above washing machinees.
As described above, combining the plan content given by accompanying drawing, similar technical scheme can be derived.In every case it is not take off
From the content of technical solution of the present invention, any simple modification above example made according to the technical spirit of the present invention, etc.
With change and modification, all still fall within the range of technical solution of the present invention.