CN102953250B - A kind of washing machine and washing methods - Google Patents

A kind of washing machine and washing methods Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102953250B
CN102953250B CN201110240791.1A CN201110240791A CN102953250B CN 102953250 B CN102953250 B CN 102953250B CN 201110240791 A CN201110240791 A CN 201110240791A CN 102953250 B CN102953250 B CN 102953250B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
washing
polymer plastic
plastic bar
axis
cylindric washer
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201110240791.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102953250A (en
Inventor
何政保
劳春峰
许升
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Xeros Ltd
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Xeros Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201110240791.1A priority Critical patent/CN102953250B/en
Publication of CN102953250A publication Critical patent/CN102953250A/en
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Publication of CN102953250B publication Critical patent/CN102953250B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F13/00Washing machines having receptacles, stationary for washing purposes, with agitators therein contacting the articles being washed 
    • D06F13/02Washing machines having receptacles, stationary for washing purposes, with agitators therein contacting the articles being washed  wherein the agitator has an oscillatory rotary motion only
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F23/00Washing machines with receptacles, e.g. perforated, having a rotary movement, e.g. oscillatory movement, the receptacle serving both for washing and for centrifugally separating water from the laundry 
    • D06F23/04Washing machines with receptacles, e.g. perforated, having a rotary movement, e.g. oscillatory movement, the receptacle serving both for washing and for centrifugally separating water from the laundry  and rotating or oscillating about a vertical axis
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F35/00Washing machines, apparatus, or methods not otherwise provided for
    • D06F35/005Methods for washing, rinsing or spin-drying
    • D06F35/006Methods for washing, rinsing or spin-drying for washing or rinsing only
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F37/00Details specific to washing machines covered by groups D06F21/00 - D06F25/00
    • D06F37/02Rotary receptacles, e.g. drums
    • D06F37/12Rotary receptacles, e.g. drums adapted for rotation or oscillation about a vertical axis
    • D06F37/14Ribs or rubbing means forming part of the receptacle

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of washing machine and washing methods, including cylindric washer, it is provided with the polymer plastic bar for washing medicated clothing in described cylindric washer, several described polymer plastic bars are radially arranged on axis in described cylindric washer or the barrel of cylindric washer.Using several polymer plastic bars stirring medicated clothing being arranged radially, and then process the dirt in medicated clothing and washings by the contact with medicated clothing for the polymer plastic bar, complete the washing of medicated clothing.This inventive structure is simple, not only simplify washing procedure, as conventional laundry apparatus, so that the material cost of the type washing machine and manufacturing cost is all greatly reduced.In addition, in washing, not only increasing the contact area of polymer washing medium and medicated clothing, increased the absorbability to dirt, also gently a lot of to the degree of wear of medicated clothing.

Description

A kind of washing machine and washing methods
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of washing machine, particularly to a kind of use Polymer adsorption material participate in washing washing machine and Washing methods, belongs to washing machine technology field.
Background technology
The washing methods of conventional washer is to adopt to use water as washing medium, adds water and detergent, enter into washing machine Row washing, utilizes dehydrating function to discharge the sewage in washing machine, then rejoins clean water, proceed to wash after washing Wash or rinse cycle, water is discharged after all terminating by washing again.Water is simply merely discharged by this method, then refills Clean washings, water consumption is very big.Meanwhile, also contain more environmentally harmful chemical substance inside cleaning mixture, And the consuming time of washing process is longer every time, power consumption is also larger.
For solving the deficiency of above-mentioned conventional washing method, in the prior art, some washing machinees are made to be situated between using organic solvent Matter is washed, such as dry cleaner etc., and organic solvent is to recycle in washing machine, after the completion of once washing process, will Organic solvent containing dirt is collected in container, using the method filtering distillation, organic solvent is processed, then again Send in washing tube, continue washing process.Because organic solvent has severe toxicity in itself, and using the method for distillation, medium is carried out The safety coefficient reclaiming is relatively low, is not suitable for using in the family.
Also have a kind of washing methods washed using air in prior art, such as adopt CO2Wash, during using this washing methods Need to realize medium in the biphase change of gaseous state and liquid, using liquid washing, reclaimed using gaseous state.This method is to structure Seal requirement is higher, and meanwhile, gas being carried out liquefy needs very high pressure, needs to install high tension unit, safety coefficient is relatively Low, and complex process.
For the shortcoming of several washing methods above, occur in that a kind of solid particle of employing special facture as washing again The washing methods of medium, by the friction between solid particle and clothes, adsorbs and absorbs the dirt on clothes, thus realizing washing The function of washing.This washing methods can economize on water more than 80%, in addition, this solid particle washing medium can be used with recycling Life-span length, need not change, safety and environmental protection.Using the washing machine of this washing methods, typically all washing machine can be provided with granule Storage area, and setting charging hole and discharge opening on outer tube, before washing, granule are thrown in outer tube from charging hole, After completed washings, in the storage area that granule is fully retrieved to granule., there is certain deficiency in this kind of washing methods, Granule, when with medicated clothing friction washing, can cause a certain degree of abrasion of medicated clothing, in addition, need to throw in into inner core before washing washing The granule washed, after washing terminates, granule also to be reclaimed, such as granule to be dehydrated in addition it is also necessary to throwing in granule again and returning Receive granule, washing process is complex, and the internal structure of washing machine needs correspondingly to do larger improvement, and then needs significantly to increase Plus material and manufacturing cost.
Content of the invention
Present invention is primarily aimed at solving the above problems and not enough, providing one kind can throw in and reclaiming washing Grain, simplifies washing procedure, and can meet the washing machine of clean result.
Another main purpose of the present invention is, provides a kind of simplification washing procedure, and can meet washing of clean result Wash method.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme is that:
A kind of washing machine, be provided with described cylindric washer as washing medium process dirt in medicated clothing and washings with The polymer plastic bar of washing medicated clothing.
Further, an axis is arranged on the central axis in described cylindric washer, to surrounding in radiation on described axis Shape arranges several described polymer plastic bars.
Further, described axis is polymer plastic post.
Further, described polymer plastic bar is arranged on the barrel of described cylindric washer, and radial to described washing Direction in cylinder is stretched out.
Further, the section configuration of described polymer plastic bar is circular, oval, square.
Further, described polymer plastic bar or axis have smooth surface, or surface have several continuous or Disconnected projection, or surface be loose structure.
Further, hydrophilic and lipophilic ingredients are contained in described polymeric material, and the composition of surfactant.
Further, described axis is fixed on the bottom of described cylindric washer, rotates together with described cylindric washer;Or described axis Bottom be connected with driving means, by described driving means drive rotate.
Further, described polymer plastic bar securing member is fixedly connected with the barrel of described axis or described cylindric washer.
Further, described polymer plastic bar has along the radially uniform rule setting of described axis or described cylindric washer barrel 2-6 arranges.
Further, the length of described polymer plastic bar is gradually lengthened to bottom direction by the top of described cylindric washer, or The length of all of described polymer plastic bar is identical.
Further, the diameter of described polymer plastic bar is gradually increased from its head to root.
Further, described polymer plastic bar and/or described axis are the structure of hollow, accommodate in middle cavity Polymer solid particles, described axis and/or described polymer plastic bar are provided with some only for washings pass through logical Hole.
A kind of washing methods, is using several polymer plastic bars stirring medicated clothing being arranged in cylindric washer, Jin Ertong Cross the dirt that the contact that polymer plastic bar is with medicated clothing processes in medicated clothing and/or washings, complete the washing of medicated clothing.
Further, several described polymer plastic bars are radially arranged on axis or cylindric washer in described cylindric washer Barrel on.
Further, in washing process, described polymer plastic bar equidirectional same rotational speed with described cylindric washer;Or institute State polymer plastic bar to be operated alone, and rotating alternate rotation.
Further, before laundry item washing, including the process injecting washings into described cylindric washer, described washings Soak described laundry item.
Further, after the completion of described clothes washing, including the mistake making described polymer plastic bar and/or clothes dewatering Journey;And/or include providing hot blast into described cylindric washer, dry the process of described medicated clothing and/or polymer plastic bar.
To sum up content, a kind of washing machine of the present invention and washing methods, structure is simple, relies on and is arranged in cylindric washer Dirt in the radial polymer washing medium process medicated clothing of centre and washings, and then reach the purpose of washing, it is not required to Want input, recovery and self-cleaning step and the device of granule, not only simplify washing procedure, as conventional laundry apparatus, also The material cost of the type washing machine and manufacturing cost are all greatly reduced.In addition, in washing, not only increasing polymer Washing medium and the contact area of medicated clothing, increased the absorbability to dirt, also gently a lot of to the degree of wear of medicated clothing.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is present configuration schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is axis of the present invention and polymer plastic bar structural representation.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, outer tube 1, inner core 2, axis 3, polymer plastic bar 4, medicated clothing 5.
Specific embodiment
With specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Embodiment one:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of washing machine, the rotary drum washing machine either commonly used at present or roller washing machine, all Including a housing (not shown), it is provided with outer tube 1 and inner core 2 in housing, outer tube 1 is enclosed construction and is to fix not Turn, inner core 2 is arranged on the inner side of outer tube 1, the barrel of inner core 2 has several for the perforate (figure passing through for washings Not shown in), the shape of perforate can be circle, rectangle, polygon etc., and inner core 2 can be driven by driving means and rotate.In this way Rotary drum washing machine, the impeller of inner core 2 bottom is also driven by driving means, separates driving with inner core 2, and positive and negative by impeller is walked around Dynamic agitation current.The top of outer tube 1 is provided with water inlet (not shown), for washing the water inlet with rinse cycle, The bottom of outer tube 1 is provided with discharge outlet (not shown), for the draining after dehydration.In washing, medicated clothing 5 is placed on inner core In 2.
One axis 3 arranged on the central axis in inner core 2, the height outline of axis 3 is less than the height of inner core 2, in It has been arranged radially several polymer plastic bars 4 to surrounding on axle 3, to increase adsorption area, improved the absorption to dirt Ability.Axis 3 can be using the metal material consistent with inner core 2, in order to increase the absorbability to dirt, this enforcement further Example, axis 3 preferably employs polymer plastic, the structure in cylinder, and in order to increase the fixing intensity of axis 3, axis 3 is using T Type structure, that is, the root disk diameter of axis 3 is larger.Polymer includes PP, or PE, or PS, or PVC, or EVA etc., or can To select the mixture of above-mentioned multiple material, containing hydrophilic and lipophilic ingredients in material, the also composition of surfactant, There is stronger absorbability to dirt.
In the present embodiment, polymer plastic bar 4 and polymer axis 3 adopt solid construction, polymer plastic bar 4 and polymerization Thing axis 3 can strengthen the energy of absorption dirt in smooth surface in order to increase the contact area and washings and medicated clothing between Power, has several projections on the surface of polymer plastic bar 4 and polymer axis 3, can be continuously between several projections Arrange the dispersed placement it is also possible to be interrupted.
In order to increase the contact area and washings and medicated clothing between, polymer plastic bar 4 and polymer axis 3 are acceptable Using the structure of polymer surfaces porous, if not connecting mutual disconnection between the dry hole on surface, it is easy to drain the water of in the hole, Improve the regeneration capacity of polymer plastic bar 4 and polymer axis 3, the diameter in hole is preferably between 0.01-0.1mm.
Polymer plastic bar 4 is fixedly connected with axis 3 with securing members such as screws, and the section configuration of polymer plastic bar 4 is Can be circular or for oval or for square, in order to reduce the abrasion to medicated clothing, it is preferred to use section is circular or oval.
Polymer plastic bar 4 along inner core 2 length in the radial direction be inner core 2 radius 1/5-4/5, all of polymerization The identical length of thing plastic strip 4 is same, convenient in order to pick and place medicated clothing, and simultaneously in rotary drum washing machine, medicated clothing all sinks collection in cylinder bottom, So, the length of polymer plastic bar 4 can also in the form of Length discrepancy, that is, by axis 3 top to axis 3 root side Gradually lengthen upwards.
The diameter of polymer plastic bar 4 is gradually increased from its head to root, to strengthen the fixing intensity of its root, simultaneously It is also beneficial to separation during clothes dewatering.
The circumference along axis 3 of polymer plastic bar 4 can adopt random radial setting, but in order to be conducive to clothing The the picking and placeing of thing, it is preferred to use, polymer plastic bar 4 sets along the circumference uniformly well-regulated setting of axis 3, the circumference along axis 3 It is equipped with 2-6 row, often evenly distributed a plurality of polymer plastic bar 4 in row, wherein, as shown in Figure 1, it is preferred to use setting 3 rows or 4 Row.
In roller washing machine, the root of axis 3 can be directly fixed on the bottom of inner core 2 by securing members such as screws, Equidirectional same rotational speed together with inner core 2, in rotation process, polymer plastic bar 4 constantly stirs current and medicated clothing 5, And the medicated clothing 5 that constantly overlaps and scatter, meanwhile, medicated clothing 5 is constantly contacted with polymer plastic bar 4 and axis 3, is inhaled by polymer The attached dirt being washed off from medicated clothing 5 processing in medicated clothing 5 and washings, and then reach the purpose of washing medicated clothing.Washed Cheng Zhong, inner core 2 to slowly run, to avoid the winding between medicated clothing 5 and axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 in washing process.
It is described in detail to using the washing methods of above-mentioned washing machine with reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.
This washing methods comprises the steps:
Step one:As conventional laundry apparatus, laundry item 5 is added to the inner core 2 of washing machine, opens outer tube simultaneously Enter in inner core 2 after the water inlet of 1 top, the water filling into outer tube 1, slurry and detergent mixing, water passes through on inner core 2 After perforate 4, it is sufficiently mixed with laundry item 5, this process is it is only necessary to add appropriate water and detergent it is ensured that water energy soaks clothing Thing 5.
In injection washing water-soaked laundry item 5, so that laundry item 5 is stood, soak certain time, make water and medicated clothing 5 Fully infiltrate, to improve clean effect further.
Step 2:Inner core 2 is driven to slowly run, axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 also rotate therewith, and polymer is moulded Material strip 4 constantly agitator treating water and medicated clothing 5, in washing process, the spot on medicated clothing 5 is washed off by washings, and spot is followed Washings constantly wash away axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4, and axis 3 is constantly being contacted with washings with polymer plastic bar 4 During, by washings spot absorption, and medicated clothing 5 washing when also can constantly with axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 Directly contact, axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 directly adsorb the dirt on medicated clothing 5, thus reach washing decontamination to medicated clothing 5 Purpose.
Step 3:Drive inner core 2 high-speed rotation, now axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 also therewith together with high-speed rotation, Medicated clothing 5, axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 are dehydrated simultaneously, the osculum from outer tube 1 bottom for the water is discharged.Axis 3 and poly- The process of polymer plastics bar 4 dehydration, is also axis 3 and the self-cleaning process of polymer plastic bar 4, improves to a certain extent The regeneration capacity of dielectric layer, extends axis 3 and the service life of polymer plastic bar 4.
Step 4:Rinse step, again adds appropriate clean water into cylinder, according to said process, medicated clothing 5 is rinsed, It is dehydrated again after rinsing, be finally completed whole washing process of medicated clothing 5.
After medicated clothing 5 and axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 dehydration, it is possible to use the device such as heat pump assembly or heating tube, then It is blown into hot blast into inner core 2, for drying medicated clothing 5, axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4, so can also extend axis further 3 and the service life of polymer plastic bar 4, it is simultaneously also beneficial to the drying in holding cylinder, reduce cylinder endogenous cause of ill moist and grow mould Bacterium etc..
Embodiment two:
It is with embodiment one difference, it is also possible to be provided separately simultaneously axis 3 and inner core 2 in roller washing machine Driven respectively by driving means, the root of axis 3 is directly connected with driving means, is directly driven by driving means, by washing machine Control device control axis 3 to press certain time and speed rotating to rotate, so, be more beneficial for polymer plastic bar 4 and stir Current and medicated clothing 5, improve absorbability further, meanwhile, are also beneficial to avoid the winding of medicated clothing 5.
In rotary drum washing machine, original impeller can be replaced with axis 3, axis 3 is directly connected with driving means, by The control device of washing machine controls that axis 3 presses certain time and speed rotating rotates, by polymer plastic bar 4 stir current and Medicated clothing 5.
In washing step, the difference with embodiment one is step 2, in the present embodiment, in washing process, keeps Inner core 2 does not rotate, and only drives axis to be alternately rotated with counter clockwise direction along clockwise direction in wash time, using polymer Plastic strip 4 constantly agitator treating water and medicated clothing 5.
Embodiment three:
It is with embodiment one and embodiment two difference, axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 can be using the knots of hollow Structure, accommodates polymer solid particles in middle cavity, is provided with and some only supplies on axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 The through hole that washings pass through, the diameter of through hole is less than the minimum diameter of granule.Because the diameter of granule is typically between 2-4mm, So, the diameter of through hole is less than 2mm, the preferably diameter of through hole between 1-1.5mm, so can ensure that washings are smooth Flow in or out from axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4, granule can be avoided again to spill.
In order to increase the absorbability of granule, granule adopts the structure of porous surface, if not connecting between the dry hole on surface Logical mutually disconnection, is easy to drain the water of in the hole, improves the regeneration capacity of axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4, the diameter in hole is preferred Between 0.01-0.1mm.
In washing process, washings constantly pass in and out axis 3 and the cavity of polymer plastic bar 4, with axis 3 and being polymerized While the contact of thing plastic strip 4 surface, also contact with the granule in cavity, common by axis 3, polymer plastic bar 4 and granule The spot washed off from medicated clothing 5 in absorption washings, medicated clothing 5 in washing also can constantly with axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 Directly contact, axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 directly adsorb the dirt on medicated clothing 5, reach the purpose of washing.
Example IV:
Part unlike the embodiments above is, polymer plastic bar 4 is mounted directly on the barrel being fixed on cylindric washer, cylinder Wall includes the side wall of cylindric washer it is also possible to include the diapire of cylindric washer.Polymer plastic bar 4 radial into cylindric washer Direction is stretched out, and rotates together with cylindric washer, and in rotation process, polymer plastic bar 4 constantly stirs current and medicated clothing 5, and Constantly overlap and scatter medicated clothing 5, and meanwhile, medicated clothing 5 is constantly contacted with polymer plastic bar 4, processes clothing by Polymer adsorption The dirt being washed off from medicated clothing 5 in thing 5 and washings, and then reach the purpose of washing medicated clothing.In washing process, inner core 2 to slowly run, to avoid the winding between medicated clothing 5 and axis 3 and polymer plastic bar 4 in washing process.
The structure of polymer plastic bar 4 is identical with described in embodiment one or example IV, does not just still further retouch in detail here State.
Axis 3 described in the various embodiments described above and the structure of polymer plastic bar 4, are applied equally to monotubular and three In many above washing machinees.
As described above, combining the plan content given by accompanying drawing, similar technical scheme can be derived.In every case it is not take off From the content of technical solution of the present invention, any simple modification above example made according to the technical spirit of the present invention, etc. With change and modification, all still fall within the range of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (16)

1. a kind of washing machine, including cylindric washer it is characterised in that:It is provided with described cylindric washer and process clothing as washing medium Dirt in thing and washings is to wash the polymer plastic bar of medicated clothing;
One axis is arranged on the central axis in described cylindric washer, described axis is arranged radially several to surrounding Described polymer plastic bar;
Or, described polymer plastic bar is arranged on the barrel of described cylindric washer, and the radial side into described cylindric washer To stretching out.
2. washing machine according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described axis is polymer plastic post.
3. washing machine according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:The section configuration of described polymer plastic bar be circular, Oval, square.
4. washing machine according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described axis is fixed on the bottom of described cylindric washer, with Described cylindric washer rotates together;Or the bottom of described axis is connected with driving means, is driven by described driving means and rotate.
5. washing machine according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described polymer plastic bar securing member and described axis It is fixedly connected.
6. washing machine according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described polymer plastic bar securing member and described washing The barrel of cylinder is fixedly connected.
7. washing machine according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described polymer plastic bar is equal along the radial direction of described axis Even rule setting has 2-6 to arrange.
8. washing machine according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described polymer plastic bar is along described cylindric washer barrel Radially uniform rule setting has 2-6 to arrange.
9. washing machine according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:The length of described polymer plastic bar is by described cylindric washer Top gradually lengthen to bottom direction, or the length of all of described polymer plastic bar is identical.
10. washing machine according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:The diameter of described polymer plastic bar from its head to Root is gradually increased.
11. washing machinees according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:During described polymer plastic bar and/or described axis are Empty structure, accommodates polymer solid particles, in middle cavity on described axis and/or described polymer plastic bar It is provided with some through holes only passing through for washings.
A kind of 12. washing methods of washing machine as claimed in claim 1 it is characterised in that:Using being arranged in cylindric washer Several polymer plastic bars stir medicated clothing, and then process medicated clothing and/or washing by the contact with medicated clothing for the polymer plastic bar Dirt in water, completes the washing of medicated clothing.
13. washing methods according to claim 12 it is characterised in that:Several described polymer plastic bars are radial It is arranged on axis in described cylindric washer or the barrel of cylindric washer.
14. washing methods according to claim 12 it is characterised in that:In washing process, described polymer plastic bar Same rotational speed equidirectional with described cylindric washer;Or described polymer plastic bar is operated alone, and rotating alternate rotation.
15. washing methods according to claim 12 it is characterised in that:Before laundry item washing, wash including to described Wash the process of injection washings in cylinder, laundry item described in described washing water-soaked.
16. washing methods according to claim 12 it is characterised in that:After the completion of described clothes washing, including making State the process of polymer plastic bar and/or clothes dewatering;And/or include providing hot blast into described cylindric washer, dry described clothing Thing and/or the process of polymer plastic bar.
CN201110240791.1A 2011-08-22 2011-08-22 A kind of washing machine and washing methods Expired - Fee Related CN102953250B (en)

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PCT/CN2011/081496 WO2013026231A1 (en) 2011-08-22 2011-10-28 Washing machine and washing method

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CN102953250B true CN102953250B (en) 2017-03-01

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